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					REPORT OF THE INTERNATIONAL WORKSHOP ON COMMERCIAL QUALITY STANDARDS FOR FRESH FRUIT AND VEGETABLES FOR COUNTRIES OF EASTERN AND SOUTH-EASTERN AFRICA Nairobi, 21 – 24 April 2009

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Committee on Trade, Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards, Specialized Section on Standardization of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables

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Introduction 1. The purpose of the workshop was to promote the UNECE standards for fresh fruit and vegetables as international references and encourage their practical application in African countries. It was organized by the UNECE Specialized Section on Standardization of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables and the UNECE secretariat, in partnership with the Kenyan Plant Health Inspectorate Service (KEPHIS). 2. Around 60 government officials, growers and traders from Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Seychelles, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia and Zimbabwe attended the meeting. To see growing and packing conditions, the participants visited cultivation farms for avocados and French beans, baby corn and curry leaves and their respective packing houses. 3. The workshop was opened by Dr. Romano Kiome, Permanent Secretary, Ministry of Agriculture of Kenya; Dr. Chagema J. Kedera, Managing Director of KEPHIS; and Ms. Ulrike Bickelmann, Chairperson of the Specialized Section on Standardization of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables. 4. The delegations discussed the role of commercial agricultural quality standards within a broader context of quality assurance, along with food safety, traceability, phytosanitary and other requirements. To access export markets, fruits and vegetables should have commercial quality as prescribed by UNECE standards. These standards are also needed for trading in regional and domestics markets. Specialized Section experts from France, Germany, Netherlands, South Africa and the United Kingdom gave presentations and provided hands-on training on how to apply the following standards in practice: citrus fruit, peas, French beans, tomatoes, apples, cabbages and kales, aubergines and avocadoes. 5. At the concluding session, the participants stressed the importance of holding similar workshops in other African countries. The training material could be used at national level to teach farmers, traders and inspectors how to use standards to raise quality of products. Some countries would also be interested in discussing phytosanitary and MRL-related (minimum pesticide residual levels) aspects of quality. Several delegations volunteered to host future workshops. 6. The delegations received all of the workshop presentations and the training material on a CD. This material will also be placed on the UNECE website at: www.unece.org/trade/agr/welcome.htm and KEPHIS website www.kephis.org. 7. The programme of the workshop, information on the field visit and the list of participants are contained in annexes I, II and III, respectively. Conclusions and recommendations

International workshop on commercial quality standards for fresh fruit and vegetables for countries of Eastern and South-Eastern Africa 21st to 24th April 2009

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Committee on Trade, Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards, Specialized Section on Standardization of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables

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8. The implementation of commercial quality standards, as a common trading language, is essential for accessing export markets. It is also an important component of a broader system of quality assurance, along with food safety, traceability, phytosanitary aspects and other requirements. 9. Countries should incorporate standards in their national legislation and keep the legislation updated in accordance with the latest technical considerations. This would guarantee market transparency, provide clear information to all stakeholders and protect industry and the consumer. 10. Countries should use the existing internationally agreed standards and related explanatory material, particularly those developed by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE), the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Scheme for the Application of International Standards for Fruit and Vegetables and the Codex Alimentarius Commission on Fruits and Vegetables. These standards are accepted as the common denominators to ensure that produce is suitable for consumption. 11. Countries should participate more actively in the work of the international standard-setting organizations. The benefits of attendance at the meetings considerably outweigh the cost. 12. UNECE standards provide for minimum quality levels that allow produce that meets these quality levels to enter export markets. 13. National, regional and private standards may set higher requirements above those of UNECE for export produce. Importing countries should not introduce quality requirements stricter than those stipulated in international standards. 14. Groups of countries trying to agree on regional standards should use the already existing international standards as the baseline. This could be considered taking into account the equivalence principle. 15. Priority in implementing commercial quality standards would be given to products for export. However, the practical application of these standards should also be encouraged on the domestic markets. Major players on the domestic market, especially producer, trader and consumer associations, should be involved in this work. “One standard” approach should be considered ideal. 16. Communication and promotion of standards at the national level, particularly among small-scale producers, is critical for their practical application. 17. To start implementation of standards, Governments should provide users with standards and associated explanatory material free of charge.

International workshop on commercial quality standards for fresh fruit and vegetables for countries of Eastern and South-Eastern Africa 21st to 24th April 2009

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Committee on Trade, Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards, Specialized Section on Standardization of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables

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18. An adequate legal and technical infrastructure should be put in place for the implementation of the agricultural quality standards. Enforcing standards is the responsibility of Governments. This function can be delegated to a private independent service, which might be certified. However, the legal responsibility of enforcing standards remains within the Government. 19. Inspectors should receive regular training. They should follow internationally agreed and recommended inspection procedures consistently and in a harmonized way. Their participation in international workshops is essential for harmonizing the interpretation of standards and inspection methods. This joint work builds confidence between exporting and importing countries. 20. Setting up an efficiently functioning quality inspection system takes time and resources. This work should be done gradually, step by step, according to countries’ needs and resources, but taking into account trading partners requirements. 21. An important task of inspection services is to advise and train growers and traders on how to ensure high quality produce that is acceptable to consumers. 22. Specific governmental policies should be formulated to support the creation of appropriate inspection infrastructure. 23. The cost of inspection can be considerably reduced by using risk analysis techniques to determine businesses that should be checked, particularly at an advanced stage of the implementation of standards.

International workshop on commercial quality standards for fresh fruit and vegetables for countries of Eastern and South-Eastern Africa 21st to 24th April 2009

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Committee on Trade, Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards, Specialized Section on Standardization of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables

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Annex I.

Workshop program International Workshop on Commercial Quality Standards for Fresh Fruit and Vegetables for Countries of Eastern and South-Eastern Africa Nairobi, 21 – 24 April 2009 Venue: KEPHIS Headquarters

Programme  Promoting the use of the UNECE standards for fresh fruit and vegetables1 as international references. Encouraging their practical application in countries of Eastern and South-Eastern Africa. Explaining how the standards are interpreted in the export markets of the EU countries. Inviting participants to take part in UNECE substantive work on standards.







Monday, 20 April 14:00 14:30 Courtesy call to Dr. Chagema Kedera, Managing Director, KEPHIS Discussion of the consultant’s report and recommendations between KEPHIS, speakers and the secretariat Close for the day

17:00

Tuesday, 21 April 8:30 9:00 Registration Opening of the workshop Dr. Chagema Kedera, Managing Director, KEPHIS Ms. Ulrike Bickelmann, Chairperson of the UNECE Specialized Section on Standardization of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables Dr. Romano Kiome, Permanent Secretary of Agriculture Tea break

9:45
1

Downloadable from the UNECE website at: http://www.unece.org/trade/agr/standard/fresh/FFV-

Standards.htm
International workshop on commercial quality standards for fresh fruit and vegetables for countries of Eastern and South-Eastern Africa 21st to 24th April 2009

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Committee on Trade, Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards, Specialized Section on Standardization of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables

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10:00

Departure on technical visit to fruit and vegetable-growing farms and a packing house (packed lunch). Visit Kakuzi farm and packhouse (Makuyu); visit Nicola farm and packhouse (Maragua). Return to Nairobi Dinner (Pampa Grill, Panari Hotel)

17:00 19:00

Wednesday, 22 April Session 1. 9:00 General Chaired by KEPHIS and co-Chaired by Ms. Ulrike Bickelmann The role of UNECE in developing standards for international trade Mr. Serguei Malanitchev, Chief, Agricultural Quality Standards Unit, UNECE Trade and Timber Division Focus on: how UNECE develops agricultural quality standards, who can participate, why they are important, who uses them General requirements for exports of fresh fruit and vegetables to EU Mrs. Marie-Isabelle Cremieux-Trives, Inspector, DGCCRF (Direction générale de la concurrence, de la consommation et de la répression des fraudes), France Focus on: how commercial quality standards fit into a broader framework of phytosanitary, food safety, traceability, labeling and other regulations and requirements New EU regulation on marketing standards Ms. Ulrike Bickelmann, Head of Section, Bundesanstalt für Landwirtschaft und Ernährung, Germany Focus on: EU legislation, how quality standards are enforced in EU countries, impact of the new EU regulation on developing countries trade

9:20

9:50

10:15 - 10:45

Tea break

Session 2.

Quality inspection systems Chaired by Mr. Ian Hewett and co-Chaired by Ministry of Agriculture Application of agricultural quality standards in countries of Eastern and South-Eastern Africa Mr. Martin Mulandi, KEPHIS consultant Focus on: summary of the survey results, recommendations

10:45

International workshop on commercial quality standards for fresh fruit and vegetables for countries of Eastern and South-Eastern Africa 21st to 24th April 2009

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Committee on Trade, Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards, Specialized Section on Standardization of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables

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11:15

Presentations of selected countries of Eastern and South-Eastern Africa 3-4 presentations 10-15 minutes each National quality inspection service in Kenya Dr. Joseph Ahenda, General Manager, Inspection Operation, KEPHIS Focus on: current status of quality inspection service, problems and ways of improving it National quality inspection service in the United Kingdom Mr. Ian Hewett, Inspections Delivery Manager, Rural Payments Agency, United Kingdom Focus on: objectives and functions of the inspection service, how it operates, what can be borrowed and what lessons could be learnt by African countries Lunch Application and interpretation of UNECE standards in South Africa Mr. Cyril Julius, Citrus Programme Manager, Perishable Products Export Control Board (PPECB), South Africa Focus on: how UNECE standards are applied and interpreted, relationship between UNECE and private standards, how PPECB helps growers and exporters ensure good quality of fruit, how the quality of citrus and other fruit is controlled at the export stage, quality problems for citrus fruit Application of commercial quality standards in France Mrs. Marie-Isabelle Cremieux-Trives, Inspector, DGCCRF Focus on: relationship between EC regulations, national official and private standards; standards used to assess quality of imported fruits and vegetables, particularly French beans and snow peas; action taken in case of non-conformance; what is done to avoid rejecting imported lots Training of inspectors in the Netherlands Mr. Mr. Mat Kersten, KCB, Netherlands Focus on: national system for training inspectors, harmonization of fruit and vegetables quality assessment, interpretation of standards by the OECD Scheme Tea break Discussion and conclusions

12:00

12:20

12:40 - 14:00 14:00

14:20

14:40

15:00 - 15:30 15:30 - 17:00 Thursday, 23 April

International workshop on commercial quality standards for fresh fruit and vegetables for countries of Eastern and South-Eastern Africa 21st to 24th April 2009

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Committee on Trade, Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards, Specialized Section on Standardization of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables

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Session 3. 9:30

Hands-on training Oranges and other citrus fruits (imported produce) Trainer: Mr. Cyril Julius, PPECB, South Africa Tea break Peas (snow peas, snap peas) (exported produce) Trainer: Mr. Ian Hewett, Rural Payments Agency, United Kingdom Lunch Tomatoes (exported produce) Trainer: Mr. Mat Kersten, KCB, Netherlands Tea break Avocados (exported produce) Trainer: Mrs. Marie-Isabelle Cremieux-Trives, Inspector, DGCCRF Questions and conclusions

10:50 - 11:20 11:20

12:40 - 14:00 14:00

15:20 - 15:50 15:50

17:10

Friday, 24 April 9:30 Cabbages and kales (exported produce) Trainer: Mr. Mat Kersten, KCB, Netherlands Tea break Hands-on training Apples (imported produce) Trainer: Ms. Ulrike Bickelmann, Bundesanstalt für Landwirtschaft und Ernährung, Germany Lunch French beans (exported produce) Trainer: Ms. Ulrike Bickelmann, Bundesanstalt für Landwirtschaft und Ernährung, Germany Tea break Aubergines (imported produce)

10:50 - 11:20 Session 4. 11:20

12:40 - 14:00 14:00

15:20 - 15:50 15:50

International workshop on commercial quality standards for fresh fruit and vegetables for countries of Eastern and South-Eastern Africa 21st to 24th April 2009

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Committee on Trade, Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards, Specialized Section on Standardization of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables

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Trainer: Mr. Ian Hewett, Rural Payments Agency, United Kingdom 17:00 Questions and conclusions Closing the workshop

Notes to the programme Samples of products selected for consideration were used to discuss the application of the standards. First, experts presented the standards and explained the main problems that they have with the products received in the main destination countries of the EU. Participants were then invited to examine the samples exhibited on the table, take notes and decide which quality category the fruit belongs to and why. After that there were general discussions of the defects and classification of the product. To help the discussion, photographs of sampled fruit were projected on the screen.

International workshop on commercial quality standards for fresh fruit and vegetables for countries of Eastern and South-Eastern Africa 21st to 24th April 2009

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Committee on Trade, Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards, Specialized Section on Standardization of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables

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Annex II. Field Visit Kakuzi Ltd The farm is located 70 km from Nairobi in a central province, with the horticulture packing house being located just off the Nairobi - Nyeri highway. This is a public company listed in both the Nairobi and the London Stock Exchanges. It has 16,000 hectares of land with diverse enterprises, such as avocado, the biggest with over 400 hectares – the target being 560 to 600 hectares; pineapples; macadamia, forestry, beef cattle (4,600 head of cattle). The avocado farm is one of the top five in Africa, the others being in South Africa. The farm season for avocado is organized in such a way that picking is at different times of the year. The avocados packed by the processing unit are normally packed in 220 to 240 forty-foot containers and transported by sea. To be able to send by air, you need 3 to 4 times the value of sea freighted avocados. One third of the avocados supplied are from out-grower schemes of small-scale farmers, while the other two thirds come from the Kakuzi farm. The out-grower scheme farmers are provided with technical support by Kakuzi. The current target is to have various types of varieties that extend the harvesting season. One area the farm is targeting is Nyeri, which is 500 metres higher than the Kakuzi farm. The farm is GlobalGAP (CMI accredited), Tesco Natures Choice, ISO 22000 (SGS) and Rainforest Alliance accredited. For the rainforest alliance accreditation, Kakuzi is the second farm in the world to get this accreditation. The farm is dedicated to social and environmental norms. The packing house processes involve washing, grading, waxing and palletization. These processes are computer controlled. Each carton of avocado weighs 4 kg. The farm has the capacity to process 12 tons per hour; this is equivalent to packing 3 containers of 40 ft per day. What is packed today is containerized tomorrow in controlled atmosphere containers. The packed containers take 12 to 24 hours to reach the port of Mombasa, where the containers are put in a warehouse. The avocados remain refrigerated until they arrive in Europe. The avocados were planted in 1996 and are considered to be young, since the Hass variety remains for 40 to 45 years. The crop becomes prone to attack by different pests as it ages. When the fruits arrive from the farm, they are sorted by removing sunburnt and mechanically and physically damaged fruits. Monitoring needs to be done to prevent fruits becoming wet since they would be difficult to wax; and cooling too fast would cause freeze damage. Seventy five per cent of the fruits received are exported, while twenty five per cent are non-exportable and are sent to factories for oil.

International workshop on commercial quality standards for fresh fruit and vegetables for countries of Eastern and South-Eastern Africa 21st to 24th April 2009

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Committee on Trade, Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards, Specialized Section on Standardization of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables

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For pest and disease, a monitoring system in place, with farms trained to identify pest. Pheromone traps are also used. The quality may decrease during the rainy season, with the Fuerte variety prone to Anthracnose. Post-harvest pathogens increase in the wet season. The moisture content for Fuerte is 85 to 65 per cent, while for Hass it is 80 to 65 per cent. The Pinkerton is for Dutch and German markets. Pesticide residue is checked through ensuring that the right pesticides are sprayed at the right time. Nicola Farm The farm is in central Kenya and is linked to Everest Enterprises, a big exporter of fruits and vegetables from Kenya. The farm has 130 acres, with a packing house. They grow fine beans, baby corn, chillies, herbs e.g. curry. They have an out-grower scheme which supplies 30 to 50 per cent of he produce they pack. They pack 40 to 60 tons per week with 55 per cent fine beans, 15 per cent sugar peas, 10 per cent snap peas, 20 per cent baby corn and less than 1 per cent chillies. The field has a shaded area, where produce is collected and sent to the packing house. They have a water reservoir to manage water issues during times of water scarcity. They are accredited for BRC and GlobalGAP, they have F to F standard, which they have started implementing. In the packing house they have traceability codes: Nicola Farm Ltd Date Farmer Product Ref No.

International workshop on commercial quality standards for fresh fruit and vegetables for countries of Eastern and South-Eastern Africa 21st to 24th April 2009

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Committee on Trade, Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards, Specialized Section on Standardization of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables

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Annex III.
No. 1. 2. Name Dr. Romano Kiome Dr. Chagema Kedera

LIST OF PARTICIPANTS
Position Permanent Secretary Managing Director Organization Ministry agriculture KEPHIS of Country Kenya Kenya Contact Details Kilimo House, Cathedral Rd P.O. Box 13473, Nairobi. P. O. Box 49592 00100 Nairobi, Kenya Tel:+254-20-3597201/3 Fax:+254-20-3536175 Email: director@kephis.org +260 977 747409 magwede2002@yahoo.com +265 0999 122199 davidkamangira@yahoo.com +265 999307474 chasinga2001@yahoo.co.uk +254 722362889 jkarogo@kephis.org +254 722449782 kinyuamw@uchumi.com +254 721 902129 jndunda@uchumi.com +232 76202010 Email: amadujogorbah@yahoo.co.uk ; slstandards2007@yahoo.com +254 725 336030 P.O. Box CY 550 Harare Mobile number: +26311611772 Tel: +2634 700339 ; mguni@mweb.co.zw +49 228 6845 3357 Qualitaetskontroll@ble.de hdadg2001@yahoo.com 251 911 25 56 73; efremangesa@yahoo.com +254 722 268 225 akothe@kebs.org; johnogweno1991@yahoo.com +254 0734 969307 P.O. Box 25661, Dar-es-salaam. Tel. +255-22-757402246 Email: shayoasina@yahoo.com bsandamu@zmweb.co.zw

3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.

Elias Mangaba David Kamangira Charles Singano Joseph Karogo Marion Kinyua Jonathan Ndunda Amadu Jogor Bah

Quality Controller Principal Plant Protection Officer Principal Produce Officer Plant Inspector Manager Co-ordinator Head – Standard

York Farms Ltd. Bvumbwe Research Chitedze Research KEPHIS – Embu Uchumi S/M Ltd. Uchumi S/M Ltd. Sierra Leone Standard Bureau

Zambia Malawi Malawi Kenya Kenya Kenya Sierra Leone

10. 11.

Elizabeth Mwamba Cames Mguni

Inspector A/Director

KEHPIS – Mombasa Plant Quarantine Services (DARS)

Kenya Zimbabwe

12.

Ulrike Bickelmann Gebregziabher Teklu Efrem Lemu Alice Onyango A.O.

Quality Control Standards Export Project Manager Manager – Codex

13. 14. 15.

Bundesanstait Fuer Landvirtschaft Und Ernaehzung (BLE) Ethiopia Horticulture Ethiopian Hort. Ass. KEBS

Germany

Ethiopia Ethiopia Kenya

16. 17.

Gerishon Ngugi Asinath Shayo

Secretary Plant Quarantine Inspection Horticultural Promotion Council Ministry of Economy Quality Standards UNECE Unit

KEHOPRA Ministry Agriculture CEO

of

Kenya Tanzania

18.

Basilio Sandamu Claudine Muckensturm Serguei Malanitchev

Zimbabwe

19. 20.

DGCCRF UNECE

France Switzerland

Claudine.muckensturm@dgccrf .finances.gouv.fr Serguei.malanitchev@unece.org

International workshop on commercial quality standards for fresh fruit and vegetables for countries of Eastern and South-Eastern Africa 21st to 24th April 2009

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Committee on Trade, Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards, Specialized Section on Standardization of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables

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21.

Stephen Hatem

22. 23. 24. 25. 26.

Persila Odhiambo Uwimbabazi Assinath Nkurunziza Gustave Mohammed Mwanguku Marie-Isabelle Cremieux Ian Hewett Moses Lubinga

Quality Standards UNECE Unit Standards Officer Head Organic Certification Project Manager Plant Inspector Inspector

UNECE

Switzerland

Stephen.hatem@unece.org

KEBS Rwanda Bureau of Standards Private Sector Federation KEPHIS DGCCRF-Ministry Economy of

Kenya Rwanda Rwanda Kenya France

odhiambop@kebs.org uassin@yahoo.fr gustaven@psf.org.rw mmwanguku@kephis.org Marie-isabellcremieux@dgccrf.finances.gou v.fr ian.c.hewett@rpa.gsi.gov.uk hpo.ug@graffiti.net ; moseslubinga@yahoo.co.uk kochuru@kephis.org Rs25goal@hotmail.com +254 0723465069 awgikonyo@yahoo.com mgathumbi@gmail.com jkigamwa@kephis.org 0722798803 munaisu@yahoo.co.uk m.kersten@kcb.nl; m.kersten@planet.nl Cyril@ppecb.com 0729078618 nzisabiradeo@yahoo.fr schadwmana@yahoo.com mmulandi@fintrac.com nrajab@kephis.org producers@kenfap.org; daphne@kenfap.org md@hcda.or.ke jahenda@kephis.org ppdlocust@sudanmail.net
rodneykendal.evans@gmail.com

27. 28.

Inspector Ag. CEO

29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43.

Kennedy Onchuru Randy Stravens Edward Mbogo Ann Gikonyo Marion Gathumbi Joseph Kigamwa Edna Otenyo Mat Kersten Cyril Julius Linnet Otieno Nzisabira Deogratias Nduwimana Schadrack Martin Mulandi Nassir Rajab Daphne Muchai Grace Kyalo Joseph Ahenda Abdelfattah Nouri Rod Evans Charles Gachahi Stanley Kimereli James Gakuru Margaret Orina

Plant Inspector Agriculture Officer Clerk GM – Marketing Principal Agric. Officer Inspector Plant Inspector Specialist Program Manager Plant Inspector Production Manager Chief of Service Consultant Head M&E

DEFRA/RPA Horticulture Promotion Organization of Uganda KEPHIS-HQ Seychelles Agricultural Agency Nakumatt HCDA Ministry of Agriculture KEPHIS-HQ KEPHIS KCB PPECB KEPHIS ATB Agricultural Minister KHDP KEPHIS KENFAP HCDA KEPHIS P.P.D. Consultant KEBS FAO KHE PSDA

UK Uganda

Kenya Seychelles Kenya Kenya Kenya Kenya Kenya Holland South Africa Kenya Burundi Burundi Kenya Kenya Kenya Kenya Kenya Sudan Kenya Kenya Kenya Kenya Kenya

44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50.

GM – TAS GM – IO P.P.D Manager Private Sector Manager – Standards Programme Ass. Quality Manager

gachahic@kebs.org Stanley.kimereli@fao.org JGakuru@khekenya.com m.orina@gtzpsda.co.ke

International workshop on commercial quality standards for fresh fruit and vegetables for countries of Eastern and South-Eastern Africa 21st to 24th April 2009

United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, Committee on Trade, Working Party on Agricultural Quality Standards, Specialized Section on Standardization of Fresh Fruit and Vegetables

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51. 52. 53. 54.

Kilinda Kilei Josiah Syanda
P. Ravoaraharison Andry Razafindramamba

ACPHO Plant Inspector NSB Private Sector

Ministry of Health KEPHIS MTJ Tetra Fruits
Ambatomaro, Antananarivo

Kenya Kenya Madagascar Madagascar

55.

Chiluba Mwape

56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 61. 62. 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69.

Tumuboine Ephrance Rachel Ntoyai Philip Njoroge Judy Chabari Timothy Mwangi Ann Midecha Christine Ruoro Simon Muriithi Joshua Kaburu Winnie Njuki Mary Kimani Mary Githinji Carol Mbae Matilda M M. Mutevu

Senior Agriculture Research Officer Phytosanitary Inspector Senior Plant Inspector Officer-In-Charge – KEPHIS JKIA Technical Officer Agronomist Secretariat Accountant Supervisor Secretariat Secretariat Plant Inspector Plant Inspector Plant Inspector

Zambia Agriculture Research Institute Ministry of Agriculture KEPHIS KEPHIS FPEAK USAID-KHDP KEPHIS KEPHIS Nakumatt Holdings Ministry of Agriculture KEPHIS KEPHIS KEPHIS KEPHIS-KJIA KEPHIS-KJIA

Zambia

papakilei@yahoo.com jsyanda@kephis.org pravoaraharison@hotmail.com Tel: +261 20 24 361 17 mobile: +261 33 02 590 51 e-mail: tetrafruits@gmail.com website: www.tetrafruits.com chilubah@gmail.com

Uganda Kenya Kenya Kenya Kenya Kenya Kenya Kenya Kenya Kenya Kenya Kenya Kenya Kenya

ephrancet53@yahoo.com rntoyai@kephis.org pknjoroge@kephis.org jkarimi@fpeak.org karimijudy@yahoo.co.uk timothy@fintrac.com annembaro@yahoo.com cruoro@kephis.org +254 0725 161903 +254 0722369370 +254 0722 832830 +254 0723310886 mgithinji@kephis.org mbaecarol@yahoo.com mutevumatilda@yahoo.com ;

International workshop on commercial quality standards for fresh fruit and vegetables for countries of Eastern and South-Eastern Africa 21st to 24th April 2009