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									Analysis of the Constitution

Name _________________

1. List the six purposes of the delegates in making a constitution (Preamble) ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 2. The Constitution is divided into ____ Articles; each article is divided into_______; and each of these is divided into paragraphs. 3. There are _______Amendments to the US Constitution.

Article I
1. All legislative power is vested in_____________ which consists of a ___________ and a _____________. The House of Representatives: 1. The number of members each state has in the House is based on ________________ ______________________________________________________. 2. How long is a Representative’s term of office? ____________. 3. What are the qualifications for being elected as a Representative? ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________ 4. The Speaker of the House is the ____________________________. 5. How is the Speaker of the House chosen? _______________________________________________________________. The Senate: 1. What is the total number of senators in the Senate? ______ 2. How are they chosen and how long is their term of office? ______________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 3. What qualifications are required to be a candidate for the Senate? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 4. What official is always head officer of the Senate? ____________________________ 5. The Senate shall have sole power to try all cases of ____________________________ 6. After a bill has passed both housed by a majority vote, and is sent to the President, what three possibilities are there for its becoming a law? (Article 1, Section 7, Paragraph 2) (1) ____________________________________________ (2) ____________________________________________ (3) ____________________________________________ 7. What does the word “veto” mean? _________________________________________

8. List the powers given to the Congress (enumerated powers): ____________________________________ ___________________________________ ____________________________________ ___________________________________ ____________________________________ ___________________________________ ____________________________________ ___________________________________ ____________________________________ ___________________________________ ____________________________________ ___________________________________ 9. List five specific prohibitions on the states (Article 1 Section 10): ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

Article II
Article II deals with the __________________________________. The purpose of this branch is to ________________ the laws. 1. Executive power is vested in the___________________ . 2. What is the “electoral college”? __________________________________ 3. How are the number of electors from each state chosen? _______________________________________________ 4. List the qualifications of the President as specified in the Constitution. ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 5. List the powers given to the President: ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 6. What are the President’s duties? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

Analysis of the Constitution
Article III

Name _________________

1. Article III deals with the_____________________________________. The purpose of this department is to____________________________________ the laws. 2. The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one _________ Court. The personnel of this court consists of one_______________ and eight____________________, appointed by the ______________ and confirmed by the ________________________. 3. Define the word “jurisdiction”: __________________________________________ 4. The Supreme Court has two kinds of jurisdiction: A. _______________________ which means it can try all cases dealing with such subjects as ___________________________. B. _______________________ which means it may try (if the judge so decides) all cases that rightfully appealed to it; for example, with cases dealing with such subjects as: ___________________________________. . Why does the Constitution carefully define treason? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ A. How is treason defined in the Constitution? ________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ B. How may persons be convicted of treason? _________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

Article IV

Relations of the states to one another 1. What does the Constitution say about a fugitive from justice? (extradition) ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

Article V

Amending the Constitution 1. What are the four possible methods by which the Constitution may be amended? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

Article VI

Supremacy of National Law 1. What does the Constitution say will constitute the supreme law of the land? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

Article VII Ratification of the Constitution
1. How many states had to ratify the Constitution and by what method? _____________ _______________________________________________________________________ 2.What was the first state to ratify and on what date? ____________________________ 3. What was the last state to ratify and on what date? ____________________________ 4. What was the chief reason for the reluctance in many states before they would ratify the Constitution? (Blue box p.76) _________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________

Amendments
1. The first ten amendments are known as the____________________________________. They were collectively added to the Constitution in what year? _____________ 2. Amendment I guarantees what civil liberties? ________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 3. What are the two provisions governing the quartering of troops in private homes? ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 4. What does Amendment X say? ____________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 5. Amendments 13, 14, and 15 were passed, in part, as a result of the Civil War. Briefly state what each provides and record the date it was ratified. 13th___________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 14th ___________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 15th ___________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

6. Amendments 16, 17, 18, and 19 were ratified during the Progressive Period. State the provisions and dates of these changes in the Constitution. 16th ___________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 17th ___________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 18th ___________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 19th ___________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 7. The 20th Amendment provides for the term of the President and Vice President shall begin on_________ and the term of a member of Congress shall start on_______. This is the so-called “Lame Duck Amendment”. Why? ____________________ ________________________________________________________________________

9. State the provisions of the following amendments: 21st __________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 22nd __________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 23rd __________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ 24th ___________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 25th __________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 26th ___________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 27th______________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________


								
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