Rights Management and Licensing for Spatial Data Infrastructures by qtq21276

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									con terra GmbH




                   Rights Management and Licensing
                     for Spatial Data Infrastructures
                                         GSDI Conference
                                    Rotterdam, June 17th, 2009

                              Rüdiger Gartmann, con terra GmbH



             ...connecting worlds




             Outline

                 Licensing and Rights Management


                 Relevance for SDIs and INSPIRE


                 Technical Approach


                 Standards


                 Example




             ...connecting worlds                                GSDI Conference 2009
                                                                 Rotterdam, 2009/06/17




7/22/09                                                                                  1
con terra GmbH




             What is a licence?

                 A permission (legal viewpoint)

                 A contract or a representation of a contract
                 (commercial viewpoint)

                 A representation of grants that convey to principals the
                 rights to use specified resources subject to specified
                 conditions (technical viewpoint, see OGC GeoDRM
                 Reference Model)

                 Digital licence:
                 Document or its representation that specifies the rights
                 granted to a particular user or organization with respect to a
                 specific content or group of content (OGC GeoDRM
                 Reference Model)


             ...connecting worlds                                                         GSDI Conference 2009
                                                                                          Rotterdam, 2009/06/17




             Licence Elements

                 ISO Definition (ISO-REL)
                  Grant (right, policy, permission, …)
                  Issuer (licensor)
                  ⇒ Technical focus

                 INSPIRE Requirements
                  + Licensee
                  + Legal statements
                  + Price models
                  …

                 Defined in implementing rules for
                 data and service sharing

                 GOAL:
                                                                   Source: ISO/IEC TR 21000-1
                 Complete electronic licence representation        Information technology —
                                                                   Multimedia framework (MPEG-21) — Part 1


             ...connecting worlds                                                         GSDI Conference 2009
                                                                                          Rotterdam, 2009/06/17




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con terra GmbH




             Rights Management

                 Definition, distribution and enforcement of rights

                 Rights definition
                  Definition of licence models

                 Rights distribution
                  Licence management

                 Rights enforcement
                  Access control
                  Enforcement is optional, rights are binding independant from
                  their enforcement/enforceability!




             ...connecting worlds                                                GSDI Conference 2009
                                                                                 Rotterdam, 2009/06/17




             Licensing – State of the Art




             ...connecting worlds                                                GSDI Conference 2009
                                                                                 Rotterdam, 2009/06/17




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con terra GmbH




             Typical Licence Representations




             ...connecting worlds                                                   GSDI Conference 2009
                                                                                    Rotterdam, 2009/06/17




             Licence Management and INSPIRE

                 Where public authorities levy charges for the services […],
                 Member States shall ensure that e-commerce services are
                 available. Such services may be covered by disclaimers, click-
                 licences or, where necessary, licences. (INSPIRE Directive,
                 Article 14.4)

                 Basic INSPIRE Licence (see IR Data & Service Sharing)
                  CreativeCommons-like
                  Simple reference to licence terms

                 Specific INSPIRE Licence (see IR Data & Service Sharing)
                  Licence for the provision of access to spatial data sets and/or
                  services
                  Including rights, warranties, security, liability, pricing, …


             ...connecting worlds                                                   GSDI Conference 2009
                                                                                    Rotterdam, 2009/06/17




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con terra GmbH




             Commercial Relevance

                 Potential market for geo data & services is estimated
                 as high

                 Current market is only a fraction of this estimation

                 (Some) Barriers:
                  No active marketing by (public) data providers
                  No market transparency
                  Too expensive
                  No convienient licensing process
                  High transaction costs for licensing

                 Electronic licensing may be able to lower these
                 barriers

             ...connecting worlds                                        GSDI Conference 2009
                                                                         Rotterdam, 2009/06/17




             Licensing and Interoperability

                 Requirements: Licensing shall be
                  protocol-agnostic
                  generic
                  seamlessly integrated into SDIs
                  completely electronic (online)
                  standards-based
                  able to support different license models
                  (see IR Data & Service sharing)
                  legally binding
                  easy to use




             ...connecting worlds                                        GSDI Conference 2009
                                                                         Rotterdam, 2009/06/17




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con terra GmbH




             Architecture (simplified)



             Client                                   Provider

                                                             conditions

                            INSPIRE
                      INSPIREGeoRM                      INSPIRE
                                                       Enforcement
                       ClientClient
                           Extension                      Point
                                                         Service




                                                        Decision
                                                         Point




                                                                     Licence Provider

                                                        Licence
                                                        Manager




             ...connecting worlds                                              GSDI Conference 2009
                                                                               Rotterdam, 2009/06/17




             Standards (OGC)




                                                                      GeoRM
             WMS                 WFS      WCS

                                                 …                   Licensing



                                       GeoRM Common

                                       OWS Common


             ...connecting worlds                                              GSDI Conference 2009
                                                                               Rotterdam, 2009/06/17




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con terra GmbH




             Current Work at OGC

                 GeoRM SWG
                  GeoRM Common 1.0 standard
                  OASIS-SAML Profile
                  (using WS-Security, WS-Policy, SAML, XACML, …)
                  Potentially other profiles (ISO-REL/MPEG21000?)

                 OWS Testbeds
                  OWS-6 just finished
                  Proof-of-concept for OASIS approach
                  (see OWS-4 – OWS-6 Engineering Reports)

                 OWS Common 1.2
                  Foundation for SOAP OGC services


             ...connecting worlds                                           GSDI Conference 2009
                                                                            Rotterdam, 2009/06/17




                              Demo or Screenshots

                                                   …depends on the WiFi ☺




             ...connecting worlds




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con terra GmbH




             ...connecting worlds   GSDI Conference 2009
                                    Rotterdam, 2009/06/17




             ...connecting worlds   GSDI Conference 2009
                                    Rotterdam, 2009/06/17




7/22/09                                                     8
con terra GmbH




             ...connecting worlds   GSDI Conference 2009
                                    Rotterdam, 2009/06/17




             ...connecting worlds   GSDI Conference 2009
                                    Rotterdam, 2009/06/17




7/22/09                                                     9
con terra GmbH




             ...connecting worlds                                GSDI Conference 2009
                                                                 Rotterdam, 2009/06/17




                          Thanks for your attention!


                                    Please visit us at the ESRI booth!




             ...connecting worlds




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