Review of ITS Developments in China Progress and Perspectives

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					Review of ITS Developments in China: Progress and Perspectives
Prof. Lu Huapu
Institute of Transportation Engineering Tsinghua University

2003

Main Contents
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Backgrounds, Characteristics and Situation of ITS Developments in China Current/Upcoming ITS Planning

The ITS projects of Transportation Engineering Institute at Tsinghua University Problems and Challenges Perspectives of ITS in China

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1. Backgrounds
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Traffic problems get more and more serious Fast increasing of vehicles Energy sources waste Safety and environment Development of some advanced techniques

The Comparison for Growth Rate of Vehicles and Roads

Traffic Situation on 3rd Ring In Beijing

Urban Road Traffic Situation in Beijing

Traffic situation at the intersection in Ningbo

Measures to Urban Traffic Problems
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Land use pattern Integrated comprehensive transport systems:change the modal split Improvement of road traffic Travel demand Management.

Measures to Urban Traffic Problems
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Priority for development of public transport(Investment, Management, Improving of service level) Strength the traffic engineering Extensive traffic education Enforcement is strictly done; High technologies are taken extensively; Travel demand Management.

2. Characteristics
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Transport infrastructures – In China, large-scale transport infrastructure construction is at an early stage, the software and the hardware of ITS can be integrated simultaneously. – Some necessary conditions of ITS deployment are not mature. Research foundation – The accumulations of ITS research achievements are not enough. – It is necessary to absorb all of the experiences from overseas and incorporate the situations of China.

2. Characteristics
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ITS deployment environment
– The travelers violate traffic regulations frequently.

– Therefore, the effects of the ITS deployments in China is not so satisfactory as in the developed countries
– But in China, the target of ITS research and deployments is not only to enhance the traffic capacity but also to regulate the behaviors of travelers.

4. ITS Development
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Activities
– 1997, ’97 Beijing International Conference on Intelligent Transport System, Beijing. – 2000, The 4th Asia-Pacific ITS Conference , Beijing – 2002,2nd Beijing International Symposium on ITS Technology and Exhibition – 2002,2002 national symposium on shared information platform of ITS – 2003, 2003 national symposium on traffic information collection, fusion and mining.

4. ITS Development
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Research – In “Ninth Five-Year”, Ministry of Public Security research:
Traffic management dynamic and static information system  Parking guidance system
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4. ITS Development
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Research – In “Ninth Five-Year”, Ministry of Public Security research:
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Traffic monitor system GPS police car location 122 traffic incident fast management system

4. ITS Development
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System establishment
– Since 1996, establish the traffic management center
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Beijing , Shanghai , Hangzhou , Dalian , Guangzhou, etc.

– Advanced public transport system – GPS, GIS, GSM application in road transport

4. ITS Development
Application of traffic management integrated information in Beijing

5. Current / Upcoming ITS Plans
MOST ( Ministry of Science & Technology)  Ministry of Communication  The ministry of public security PR China
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National Development & Reform Commission

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Ministry of Railway

5. 1 MOST ( Ministry of Science & Technology)
– In “Tenth Five-Year” , there are 16 sub-project and 10 ITS demonstration cities. – ITS Projects:
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ITS project evaluation method research Expressway travel capability research Traffic information collection and fusion technique research Urban public transport system optimization technology research ITS data management technique research The application and demonstration projects of ITS

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ITS Projects (continued)
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The ITS exploitation and application of Beijing “Technological Olympic”
The research and application of the ETC (Electronic Toll Collection) / Electronic Defrayal System on the artery of National Road and Inter-Province Road The exploitation of ITS application software independent intellectual property(Tsinghua University) On-board safety assistant device development(Tsinghua University)

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On-board information device development

ITS Projects (continued)
DSRC (Dedicated Short-Range Communications) device development  Traffic information collection device development  Development strategy and standard research  ITS Architecture support system development and technology track  ITS social environment architecture construction
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Demonstration cities
– Demonstration cities:
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Beijing Shanghai Guangzhou Hangzhou(Committed to Tsinghua University) Tsingdao Jinan Zhongshan Tianjin Shenzhen Chongqing

Main Demonstration Cities Introduction
– Beijing :
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Public transport operating and dispatching system Intelligent traffic management system Parking guidance system Integrated traffic information platform

– Tianjin:
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Urban traffic management system Olympic expressway intelligent traffic management system Tianjin public transport information system
Hangzhou Traffic Management Information Service System

– Hangzhou:
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5. 2Ministry of Communication
– In “Tenth Five-Year” , there are some emphasis in Road ITS development.  High-speed passenger transport system inter-city  Passenger transport system in huge cities  Container transport system  Freight transport system  Special type goods transport system  Highway accident management system  Freightage management information system  Highway, bridge area intelligent control system  Shipping information system

7.Case presentation: HZTMISS
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System construction targets System architecture System logic architecture Multi-level software architecture Software design scheme

7.1 System construction targets
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Implement the scientific traffic management system Construct the intelligent chief of command system Share information obtained Realize modern comfortable traffic police career

7.2 System Architecture

7.3 System logic architecture

THANK YOU!


				
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