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Albania - DOC

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									LIST OF THE MEMORY OF THE WORLD REGISTER
Albania Beratinius1 et 2 Two ancient codices discovered in Berat. Beratinius 1 dates from the 6th century and Beratinius 2 from the 9th. Both form part of the seven "purple codices" which survive today. Beratinius-1, in particular, is an important reference in the development of biblical and liturgical literature. Argentina Documentary heritage of the Viceroyalty of the Rio de la Plata The archives include governmental and administrative documents of the territories of the Rio de la Plata region and concern the operations of the colonial institutions of government, justice, defence, economy and religion from the seventeenth to the first decade of the nineteenth century. They document activities of the ports of Buenos Aires and Montevideo and also provide knowledge about the political and commercial relations which existed between the Viceroyalty and the other countries of the continent as well as with Europe and Africa. Armenia Mashtots Matenadaran Ancient Manuscripts Collection The collection of approximately 17,000 manuscripts includes almost every sphere of Armenian ancient and medieval science and culture history, geography, philosophy, grammar, law, medicine, mathematics, literature, miniature and others, as well as manuscripts in Arabic, Persian, Greek, Syrian, Latin, Ethiopian, Indian, Japanese, etc.. Australia Endeavour Journal of James Cook This is the original document, in Cook's handwriting, of his first exploration voyage in the Pacific on HMS Endeavour from 1768 -71. The first European charting of the east coast of Australia and the first circumnavigation of New Zealand took place on the voyage. This is the key document which foreshadows British colonization of Australia (which actually began in 1788) and presaged the tragic consequences for Australia's indigenous peoples the oldest surviving culture on Earth who, under British law, were effectively deemed not to exist (the 'terra nullius' doctrine). Mabo Case Manuscripts The personal papers of Edward Koiki Mabo are held alongside legal and historical materials relating to the Mabo Case. Eddie Mabo was an indigenous activist whose efforts resulted shortly after his death in the Australian High Court overturning the doctrine of 'terra nullius'. The judgment unleashed profound change in Australia's legal and legislative landscape, influencing the status and land rights of its indigenous peoples and race relations generally. The significance of the Mabo Case lies in it being an extremely rare instance in world history of pre-existing tribal law being formally recognized as superior to fundamental law of the 'invading culture. Austria Atlas Blaeu Van der Hem A 17th century work, produced by Laurens Van der Hem (1621-1678), containing the 50 volumes of the Atlas with more than 2,400 maps, prints, drawings, architectural prints and portraits, most of them painted by well known artists, and a set of four volumes originally made for the Dutch East India Company. Vienna Dioscurides Dioscurides' work can be considered as the most important pharmaceutical source of the Ancient World and was used throughout the Middle Ages, the Renaissance and in later centuries as a dictionary for medical practitioners. It forms the basis of medical herbal therapeutic knowledge. The Vienna Dioscurides manuscript rates as a masterpiece of the book art from later Classical Antiquity. Final document of the Congress of Vienna
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The Congress of Vienna had a major influence on the history of the world and transcended the boundaries of a national culture. It decided upon a new political settlement for Europe after the Napoleonic wars which determined the political system for over half a century and whose impact in some aspects is still discernible. It provided the conditions for a long period of peace in Europe and redefined the political relations between the major European powers. Historical Collections (1899-1950) of the Vienna Phonogrammarchiv Founded in 1899, the Vienna Phonogrammarchiv was the first sound archive in the world. The Historical Collections of the Vienna Phonogrammarchiv (1899-1950) contain over 4,000 recordings of a mainly ethnolinguistic and ethnomusicological nature collected at a time when sound recording in the anthropological field work was complicated and technically demanding and therefore not as routine as it became after the introduction of portable magnetic recorders in the mid fifties. Papyrus Erzherzog Rainer The 180,000 papyri in the collection cover every aspect of life: literature, school texts, magic, religion, belief in an after life, legal matters, financial and military matters, medicine and books on a wide variety of writing materials and languages used in Egypt between 1500 B C and 1500 AD. The Egyptian book of the dead and the printed haggadah in Hebrew)are among the unique items in this collection. Schubert Collection The Schubert collection at the Vienna City Library is the world's largest collection of Schubertiana. Its core forms the world's most substantial body of autograph music manuscripts by Schubert and a nearly complete collection of first editions of his works. The collection is consulted by musicologists from all over the world and is an indispensable source material for researchers. Collection of Gothic Architectural Drawings A unique collection of 425 drawings that are indispensable to the study of the buildings of the Gothic period (1150 - 1550 A.D.).These drawings date from 1400 to 1550 and are among the oldest surviving architectural drawings. They bear testimony to the epoch in European history when major constructions began to be undertaken on the basis of advance planning of every detail. Brahms Collection The collection documents the life and works of Johannes Brahms (1833-1897) , one of the major representatives of the Romantic style. It includes manuscripts of Brahms own works, galley proofs of his published works, working copies of the first editions of Brahms' works, first and early editions, as well as original manuscripts, of works by other composers, correspondence addressed to Brahms, his music and literary library. Bibliotheca Corviniana (see under Hungary) Joint inscription with Belgium, France, Germany, Hungary and Italy Azerbaijan Medieval manuscripts on medicine and pharmacy A unique collection of medical manuscripts containing information and images on complex medicines, medieval surgical instruments as well as pharmaceutical descriptions of hundreds of natural medicines, plants, minerals and animal substances. Barbados Documentary Heritage of Enslaved Peoples of the Caribbean A unique corpus of documentary evidence relating to the lives of enslaved Caribbean people through the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries, that is preserved by the Barbados Museum and Historical Society. The collection provides invaluable source material for scholars studying the history of Barbados, the model for the development of the plantation economies of the Caribbean and North America. Belgium Business Archives of the Officina Plantiniana
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The Officina Plantiniana is perhaps the most important printing and publishing house that ever existed in Belgium. In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the Officina coincided with an era in which scholars from the Low Countries (present day Belgium and the Netherlands) were able to play an extremely important part in the development of western thought. Since providentially, the business archives of the house have been preserved almost intact they provide an incredible wealth of detailed and accurate data on all aspects of three hundred years of book history. Bibliotheca Corviniana (see under Hungary) Joint inscription with Austria, France, Germany, Hungary and Italy Benin Colonial Archives This documentary heritage mainly dates from the colonial period. The history of this period is that of a brief (scarcely one century) but none the less decisive episode: the meeting between colonizers and colonized, between Western and African culture which caused major political upheavals in Africa, economic disintegration, the dislocation of social structures, the disorganization of traditional bonds and the reshaping of modes of cultural expression and authentic standards of civilization. Brazil The Emperor's Collection: Foreign and Brazilian Photography in the 19th Century A unique collection of 21,700 photographs assembled and left to the National Library of Brazil by Emperor Pedro II in 1891. The largest collection of photographs in Latin America, it features works by the first photographers in the world and testifies to numerous areas of human activity. Chile Human Rights Archive Comprising several holdings of human rights organizations active during the military dictatorship period (1973 to 1989), the archive contains a photo register, cassettes and videos, press clippings and other documents about human rights abuses during this period. Jesuits of America Fonds The fonds contains over 128,000 pages produced by the Jesuits documenting the history of the West, the Spanish Empire of the 17th, 18th and early 19th centuries and inventories of Jesuit properties. The collection is divided into eight sections corresponding to one country each, with information on other countries in a smaller volume of documentation. China Ancient Naxi Dongba Literature Manuscripts The collection contains 1,000 volumes on a variety of content and subjects ranging from ca 30 AD. to the Tang Dynasty in a pictographic script using more than 2000 characters. It is the only surviving script of its type. The literature covers politics, philosophy, economy, military affairs, culture, astronomy, farming and more. Infiltration of Western Culture in China China, the birthplace of the Han culture has always been the centre of oriental culture, of which the Qing Dynasty, China's last feudal dynasty, is particularly representative. The clash between Western and Eastern culture in 17th century China shaped world history and the archives provide a detailed first-hand account of the infiltration of Western Culture in China. However, the divergence of the two cultures finally created a sharp conflict and the Confidential Records of the Qing's Grand Secretariat provide original evidence for this dramatic historical event. . Traditional Music Sound Archives This is the biggest, the most comprehensive and the most complete collection of Chinese traditional and folk music in China. It covers music of more than 50 nationalities, much of it recorded in the field. As such, it contains records of folk rituals or folk religious rituals, not recordings of stage performances, so they have not been refined or polished, and consequently are truer and close to folk life as they reflect original cultural
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features. Golden Lists of the Qing Dynasty Imperial Examination The Golden Lists are original evidence for a study of China's feudal examination system and lists the names of many prominent historical figures. They are representative documents of the examination system of the Qing after many centuries of evolution since the Sui Dynasty (581A.D.). The system had international impact and influenced recruitment systems in Japan, Korea and Vietnam, as well as several European countries. All documents have high calligraphic value, and can be considered pieces of art in their own right. Colombia Negros y Esclavos archives Vast and important testimonial information on the slave trade and slavery from the 16th to the early 19th centuries in Cartagena, a major slave port on the Caribbean coast of modern Colombia, in the 'Neogranadino' (New Kingdom of Granada) territory. The collection comprises of 55 files relating to slavery in Colombia as well as Panama, Venezuela and Ecuador and is part of the wider slave trade project. Cuba Fonds José Martí Pérez Contains 2,435 documents (a total of 7,177 pages) corresponding to the period of 1827 to 1895, of the literary, journalistic, revolutionary, diplomatic, biographical and personal work of Jose Marti, as well as his correspondence with different persons, including his family. Marti was an author and social activist whose influence has had an enduring influence on Latin American culture in particular. Denmark Archives of the Danish overseas trading companies The archival group of the Danish overseas trading companies includes the archives of the Danish East India Company, the Danish Asiatic Company, the Danish West India and Guinea Company and the Danish West India Trading Company. It consists of around 4,000 protocols and bundles and includes royal charters, copybooks, letters, instructions, accounts, ships' logs and maps. Linné Collection The Danish National Library of Science and Medicine contains a fantastic collection of books by and about Carl Linné and his pupils. This collection is of about 2,000 items and is considered to be the [fourth?!] best Linné collection in the world. Manuscripts and correspondence of Hans Christian Andersen Manuscripts and letters from/to Hans Christian Andersen comprise the most complete accumulation of Hans Christian literature in the world, forming the essential sources to research and/or critical editions of his work. The material in Ny kongelig Samling is based on the current acquisitions of the Library. The Collin manuscript collection was donated in 1905 and the Holger Laage Petersen collection in 1954. The Arne Portman collection was purchased in 1969. Soren Kierkegaard Archives Manuscripts, drafts, personal papers, letters of Soren Kierkegaard who was very careful in preserving almost every note that he had written. After his death, his papers were brought from his flat to his brother, the Bishop of Aalborg. Kierkegaard was both typical and atypical of his time. As a thinker he was far ahead of his time and as a human being, in many respects, he was deeply rooted in it. Egypt Memory of the Suez Canal Documents, manuscripts and images concerning the construction of the Suez Canal held by the Association of the Friends of Ferdinand de Lesseps, the Company of Suez and the Suez Canal Authority. The collection documents the history, developments, nationalization, and its consequences, of the Canal, of one of the most important waterways connecting East and West which affected the history of the globe especially the Middle East over the last two centuries.

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Documents of Sultans and Princes Four hundred scrolls of title deeds which belonged to the Princes and Sultans who ruled Egypt, from the Fatimid era to the end of the Mamluke era, i.e. 979 A.D. to 1517 A.D. The collection provides information about social, economic and political life throughout the region over six centuries and is recorded on parchment and paper in roll form, the longest of which is 40 metres. Ethiopia Treasures from National Archives and Library Organizations Ethiopia has rare, precious and priceless manuscripts written in its own alphabet in the form of verse and prose which reflect its indigenous civilization. The nominated documents are but a few highlights : Homily and Gospels written on vellum in the XIVth and XVth centuries ; letters from King Tewdros to Queen Victoria of Britain, from King Menelik II to Nicolas Cesar II, from King Sahlesselassie of Shoa to the Queen of Britain ; the first printed publication in Ethiopian history (1513) ; manuscripts written on vellum in the XVIIth, XlXth and XXth centuries, relating Ethiopian history. Finland A.E. Nordenskiöld Collection This comprehensive collection concerns the oldest printed cartographic atlases, geographical works and travel literature, collected by the founder of the history of cartography, Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld (1832-1901, born in Finland, died in Sweden), who was also the explorer of the Northeast Passage and the Nordic Regions. The collection is especially rich in early history of cartography, printed Ptolemaic Atlases, sea atlases and incunabula. It contains about 5,000 volumes covering knowledge of the expansion of the known world from Antiquity to Modem Times. France Original Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 1789-1791 The Declaration is a symbol of universal value in the development of human rights. There are six different versions, dating from the beginning of the discussion stage to the promulgation of the French Constitution in 1791. The inscription concerns the Declaration of the Rights of Man of 3 November 1789, along with a signed note and letters patent by King Louis XVI approving the text of the Declaration and various decrees adopted by the National Assembly between August and November of that year. Films Lumière The entire original cinematographic production of the Lumière factory listed on the catalogue. Auguste and Louis Lumiere are credited with the world's first public film screening on 28 December 1895. It features rare footage of world leaders such as Queen Victoria and King Umberto of Italy. It also documents military footage exercises and parades, scenes of daily life, ceremonies and official visits. Introduction of the decimal metric system, 1790-1837 The metric system (International System of Units) was born in Revolutionary France to replace the chaotic collection of units. The inscription includes the text of the original proposal concerning weights and measures, submitted to the French National Assembly by the Bishop of Autun (Talleyrand) in 1790, as well as subsequent legal texts on this issue dating from 1791 to 1837. The metric system has now become almost universally used. Appeal of 18 June 1940 Joint inscription with United Kingdom Four key documents relating to Charles de Gaulle's 18 June 1940 radio address from London urging France to resist German occupation. The appeal was regarded as a turning point in World War II and in French national history as it marked the beginning of the French resistance to Nazi occupation. It exemplified the power of radio used as a weapon of war rather than entertainment to launch a movement, and influenced the development of resistance movements in other countries. Bibliotheca Corviniana (see under Hungary) Joint inscription with Austria, Belgium, Germany, Hungary and Italy

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Germany Illuminated manuscripts from the Ottonian period from the Reichenau monastery A dispersed set of ten manuscripts, exemplifying book illustration of the Ottonian period in Germany (Emperor Otto III (983-1002) and his successor Heinrich II (1002-1024)). The illuminations in the Reichenau manuscripts feature miniatures on the life of Christ and portraits of emperors. Early cylinder recordings of the world's musical traditions (1893 1952) This is a unique sound collection with universal significance and intercultural dimensions. More than 145,000 recordings of music representing the cultural heritage of many cultures all over the world excluding Western Art and Pop music are stored on different sound carriers such as Edison phonograms, analogue and digital tapes, and all kinds of discs (from 78 shellac discs to LPs and CDs). Ludwig van Beethoven: Symphony no 9, d minor, op. 125 The ninth Symphony of Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827) is one of the best known compositions worldwide. It has one of the most impressive and tremendous conceptions of Beethoven's works. Its influence on the history of music was decisive and intense in the 19th and 20th centuries and not restricted to the genre of symphonies only. In the last movement, human voice has been included for the first time in a symphony. This "Ode to Joy" (An die Freude), which sets a poem of Friedrich von Schiller to music, has become as a symbol of peace between all nations and peoples of the world. Literary estate of Goethe Goethe is the best known German writer and poet globally and this collection of manuscripts includes the most important of his creative works. The estate of Goethe in its unity, completeness and range of holdings today represents a unique record not only of the creative work of Goethe but, reflects through his works, the whole Classical Period in Germany. 42 line Gutenberg Bible The first book printed in Europe with movable types. From Mainz, the location of Gutenberg's printing office, the new technology spread all over Europe and the world. Of the original 30 Bibles printed on vellum, only four have survived in their complete form with all their 1,282 pages. The Goettingen copy, being one of these four, stands out for its unique contemporary documentary context. The Goettingen Model Book is the contemporary source of the Bible's illumination, the Notarial Instrument of Ulrich Helmasperger is the only surviving contemporary document that gives evidence of Gutenberg's invention. Metropolis Negative of the 2001 restored and reconstructed version. Fritz Lang's motion picture Metropolis (1927) is without doubt a famous testimony of German silent film art, a testimony that made history. The combination of motion picture and architecture which had a glittering premiere in Berlin in January 1927, and an unparalleled success all over the world ever since became the symbol of a (film) architectural model of the future. Kinder- und Hausmärchen. Gesammelt durch die Brüder Grimm /Children's and Household Tales The first systematic compilation and scientific documentation of the entire European and Oriental fairy tale tradition. They represent the global fairy tale tradition. Translations exist in over 160 languages and cultural dialects on all continents Bibliotheca Corviniana (see under Hungary) Joint inscription with Austria, Belgium, France, Hungary and Italy Universalis cosmographia secundum Ptholomaei traditionem et Americi Vespucii aliorumque Lustrationes (see under USA) Joint inscription with United States of America Hungary Kalman Tihanyi's 1926 Radioskop Patent Application The documentary heritage is the first description by the inventor of his television system, and the only existing complete collection of documents representing the Hungarian patent applications he filed in 1926 under the
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name "Radioskop". The significance of this document resides in the fact that this where the inventor first laid out the fundament of modem television featuring a fully electronic television transmitting and receiving system and introducing, among many novel features, the operating principle of accumulation and "storage" of electrical charges throughout each scansion cycle. Bibliotheca Corviniana Joint inscription with Austria, Belgium, France, Germany and Italy The Bibliotheca Corviniana was the one of the greatest collection of books in Europe in the Renaissance period containing works written for King Mathias (1458-1490) and copies of the most important documents known at that time. It represented the literary production and reflected the state of knowledge and arts of the Renaissance and included philosophy, theology, history, law, literature, geography, natural sciences, medicine, architecture, etc India I.A.S. Tamil Medical Manuscript Collection Mostly Tamil medical manuscripts which reflect the ancient system of medicine, practised by yogis. This collection includes individual manuscripts concerning the nature and symptoms of diseases, methods of cure, methods of preparing medicines. Saiva Manuscripts in Pondicherry A collection of 11,000 manuscripts that concern mainly the religion and worship of the Hindu God Siva. It includes the largest collection in the world of manuscripts of texts of the Saiva Siddhanta, a religious tradition, which spread across the Indian subcontinent and beyond, as far as Cambodia in the East. Archives of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) (see under Netherlands) Joint inscription with Indonesia, Netherlands, South Africa and Sri Lanka Indonesia Archives of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) (see under Netherlands) Joint inscription with India, Netherlands, South Africa and Sri Lanka Italy Malatesta Novello Library A rare example of a complete, beautifully preserved collection from the mid-15th century, just before the advent of printing in Europe. 343 manuscripts of different provenance on subjects of a philosophical, theological and biblical nature as well as classical and scientific works. The collection is a unique example of a humanistic library of the Renaissance, a time when the dominance of Christian writing and teaching was giving way to more secular considerations. Bibliotheca Corviniana (see under Hungary) Joint inscription with Austria, Belgium, France, Germany and Hungary Kazakhstan Khoja Ahmed Yasawi Manuscript Collection Three medieval Turkic language (Chagatai) manuscripts dating from the 17th century depict the heritage of Khoja Ahmed Yasawi and his followers who had a great influence on the development of the spiritual culture of the ancient Turks and promoted the development of Turkic language and literature. Nevada-Semipalatinsk, the International Anti-Nuclear Movement The collection records the activities of the first anti-nuclear non-governmental organization created in 1989 on the territory of the former USSR and documents the role played in ending nuclear tests at the Semipalatinsk polygon in Kazakhstan. Korea (Republic of) Hunmin Chongum Manuscript Published in the ninth lunar month of 1446, the manuscript contains the promulgation of the Korean alphabet
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of the same name, now called han gai, by Sejong the Great, the fourth king of the Choson Dynasty (reign 1418-1450), the development of which he completed in 1443. It also contains the Haerye, or Commentaries, later explanations and examples by scholars of the Hall of Worthies, including Chong In J'is So, or Postface. This edition is therefore often referred to as the Haerye Edition of Hunmin Chongun. Annals of the Choson Dynasty This collection covers more than 470 years of the history of the dynasty, from the reign of King T'aejo (13921398), the founder, to the reign of King Ch'olchong (1849 - 1863). The Daily Records were placed in the custody of the Office for Annals Compilation (Ch'unch'ugwan, ). Nobody, not even the king, was allowed to read Draft History and Daily Records except historiographers. Seunjeongwon Ilgi, the Diaries of the Royal Secretariat The diaries contain the largest amount of authentic historic recordings and state secrets of the Joseon Dynasty from the 17th century to the early 20th century. Diaries written in the late 19th century and the early 20th century show how Western influence opened the door of the closed Dynasty. A vast amount of records from close observation of the king was kept by royal secretaries and scribes and shows the importance of preserving historic recordings.. Baegun hwasang chorok buljo jikji simche yojeol (vol.II), the second volume of the Anthology of Great Buddhist Priests' Zen Teachings Also known as Jikji (other names are Jikji simche yojeol, Jikji simche, Jikji simgyeong), this volume contains the essentials of Zen Buddhism compiled by the Baegun in the late Goryeo period and was printed the old Heungdeok-sa temple in Cheongju city, using movable metal types in July 1377. While some earlier metal type printings were mentioned in the old Korean books, this book is the world=s oldest movable metal type printing evidence available and signifies an important technical change in the print history of humanity.. Latvia Dainu Skapis - Cabinet of folk songs A massive collecting effort of Latvian folk songs took place during the latter half of the 19th century, coinciding with the period of National awakening in Europe. Carried out by Latvians themselves, it made the basis for their national identity. Nearly 218,000 song texts were assembled, classified and published in eight thick tomes (1894-1915) which remain a source of collective self-confidence and inspiration for Latvians revealing their rich cultural heritage that had not been previously recorded, yet had endured through centuries by oral transmission. Lebanon Phoenician Alphabet The invention and evolution of the Phoenician alphabet, the earliest known example of alphabetical as opposed to hieroglyphic or cuneiform writing. It is the base from which most subsequent alphabets have been developed. Commemorative Stela from Nahr el-Kalb A series of commemorative steles depicting Lebanese history from the 14th century BC to the present through the inscriptions left by successive armies and testify to its relations with the rest of the Middle East and the West. Luxembourg Family of Man The photographic exhibition of Edward J. Steichen in 1955 for the New York Museum of Modern Art (MoMA) consists of 503 photographs taken by 273 photographers, professional and amateur, famous and unknown, from 68 countries. Described as the "greatest photographic enterprise ever undertaken", its underlying idea and imagery have influenced generations of photographers, writers, artists and others. Malaysia Correspondence of the late Sultan of Kedah (1882-1943) These unique records constitute the only available evidence of the Malay Sultanate prior to the advent of
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western-style colonialism. They portray the precarious life of a State in transition, straddling between two powers in a fast-changing world and are useful to research from a number of perspectives, including social change, economics, politics, foreign relations, education, religion and customs. Hikayat Hang Tuah This is regarded both as a Malay literary classic and a traditional epic symbolizing the greatness of Malacca at that time whilst projecting the bravery of the Malays. It is recognized as a national literary classic which is well-known not only amongst the Malays but also by the people in the Malay Archipelago. The inscription comprises two manuscripts of Hikayat Hang Tuah, (author unknown) written on old European paper about 200 years ago. Sejarah Mdayu (The Malay Annals) The Annals constitute the only available account of the history of the Malay Sultanate in the fifteenth and early sixteenth century: the origins, evolution and demise of a great Malay maritime empire, with its unique system of government, administration and politics. They also relate the major transformation in the lives of the people of the Malay Archipelago from a Hindu Malay matrix to an Islamic Malay culture. Malacca's rapid progress on account of its cosmopolitan population comprising merchants from India, China, Arabia, Portugal and various other nations of the world contributed to the social, economic and political evolution of the Malay Kingdom. Mauritius Records of French Occupation of Mauritius Series of records of the French occupation of Mauritius, then known as Isle de France, and the early English period 17th and 18th century. These series include records of the early French settlements in Isle de France, and Bourbon, other islands of the Indian ocean, Port of Africa and Asia. Records of the East India Company, navigation, pirates and corsairs, naval troops and battles in the Indian ocean and the first European settlers in this part of the world. Mexico Los Olvidados (The Young and the Damned) The original cellulose nitrate negative of the 1950 film Los olvidados is an acknowledged classic of world cinema. It has been, and is shown worldwide and has widely influenced the 'social realism' genre of film making. The film was highly controversial as it showed street children in the urban environment turning to crime because of the failure of society, a continuing social ill. Collection of Mexican Codices The collection comprises one pre-Hispanic codex, 92 colonial originals and 68 period facsimiles. Most of the pictorial documents which comprise this collection were made in the sixteenth century, although a small number date from the seventeenth and eighteenth, and an even smaller number, mostly the copies, date from the nineteenth and the early twentieth century. These pictorial Codices are original sources of pre-Hispanic culture, the early relations between the native peoples and the Spanish conquistadors, and they are the only surviving examples of a reading and writing system peculiar to the cultures of Mesoamerica. Codices and Dossiers from the Marquisate of the Oaxaca valley Three codices drafted by indigenous scribes (tlacuilos) using their own writing system and written on agave (maguey) paper which are accompanied by documents drafted by the descendants of Hernàn Cortés. They constitute indigenous testimony after the Conquest and reflection of pre-Hispanic documents. The codices have allowed the testimony of the indigenous culture to be preserved, as most of the pre-Hispanic originals were destroyed. Codex Techaloyan de Cuajimalpaz This codex describes how indigenous communities were established in various places in the Valley of Mexico City. It contains indigenous pictorial elements and text written in Nahuatl. This manuscript comprises a series of images relating directly to the lands belonging to a village. It also contains the land survey, a regional map, historical and economic data, a census, an ecological description.

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Biblioteca Palafoxiana The only library in America that faithfully reflects European inheritance through a collection of more than 41,000 books and unique manuscripts. The books are still ordered according to the system used when the library was first established. It is a rare, if not unique, survivor from the earliest days of the Spanish colonization of the Americas. Netherlands Library Ets Haim Livraria Montezinos The library collections contain 30,000 printed works (from 1484 to the present day) and 500 manuscripts (from 1282 to the 20th century) on all aspects of Jewish studies and cultural history. The collections are maintained at the Portuguese Synagogue complex in Amsterdam and reflect the scope of Sephardic Jewish culture. Archives of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) Joint inscription with India, Indonesia, South Africa and Sri Lanka The 25 million pages of records of the Dutch East India Company, the largest of the early modem European trading companies operating in Asia, contain data relevant to the history of Asian and African local, political and trade regions over the 17th and 18th centuries. It is preserved in the Netherlands and in former administrative centres in Jakarta, Colombo, Chennai, and Cape Town. It includes inscriptions on stone, manuscripts on palm leaf and bark, and printed court chronicles, trade correspondence, maps and drawings. New Zealand Treaty of Waitangi The Treaty of Waitangi is the founding document of the nation of New Zealand. It was signed in the Bay of Islands on 6 February 1840 by Captain William Hobson, several English residents and approximately 45 Maori chiefs. It is a unique document because it involved one entire country and one indigenous race and was considered to be a radical departure in treaties between indigenous races and metropolitan powers. 1893 Women's Suffrage Petition The Petition led to New Zealand becoming the first self-governing nation in the world where women won the right to vote. lt was signed by close to one quarter of the female adult population and was, at that time, the largest petition of its kind signed in New Zealand and other Western countries. Namibia Hendrik Witbooi Papers The official archives of Witbooi, an African leader in Namibia, around the end of the 19th Century, offer a rare example of the victims' perception of colonialism. They consist of four (or possibly more) books containing in-and outgoing diplomatic and administrative correspondence, treaties and proclamations. Witbooi was a traditional chief who, from 1884 to 1894, resisted German advances by attempting to forge a united African front. Norway Leprosy Archives of Bergen The archives document the breakthrough in scientific understanding and description of leprosy on a worldwide basis. The documentary heritage from this turning point in the fight against one of the world's most dreadful diseases represents the only source of data so far that documents, from an epidemiological point of view, the decline and disappearance of leprosy in a country. Its files have been and are still used for important epidemiological research . Henrik Ibsen: A Doll's House Few plays have had a similar impact globally on social norms and conditions. Few play characters worldwide can claim an equivalent importance as role model as Nora Helmer. More than anyone, Henrik Ibsen gave theatrical art a new vitality by bringing into European bourgeois drama an ethical gravity, a psychological depth, and a social significance which the theatre had lacked since the days of William Shakespeare. Roald Amundsen's South Pole Expedition 1910-1912
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The original film material of Roald Amundsen=s South Pole Expedition consisting of 7 sections of nitrate film. It is made up of original sequences, filmed between 1910 and 1912. Pakistan Jinnah Papers This collection reflects a period of momentous change in South Asia that culminated in the emergence of two independent states. It is a unique source for the study of the Muslim Freedom Movement in South Asia and of the political and personal life of Quaid 1 Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan. Philippines Radio Broadcast of the Philippine People Power Revolution The collection of sound recordings of 44 audiocassette tapes (61 hours and 33 minutes) and 1 mini disc (25 minutes) documents the unedited day to day radio broadcasts of private, Church-owned and public radio stations during four days in 1986 marking the transition from dictatorship to democracy through a peaceful popular uprising which resolved a dangerous military standoff without the use of armed force or loss of life. Philippine Paleographs (Hanunoo, Buid, Tagbanua and Pala'wan) Communication by means of symbols and creative graphics is one of man's singular achievements. Syllabaries, like those that developed in the Philippines, go a step further and represent not merely graphics, but articulate sounds. Dating back to at least the 10th century, four sets of these syllabaries, out of a documented seventeen, have survived over the ages and remain in use to this day, notably the Hanunoo Mangyan syllabary figuring in poetry -ambahan-, and in song. Poland General Confederation of Warsaw A unique testimony of democratic compromise granting religious tolerance to the Polish nobility as part of a consensual pact to maintain social order and preserve the union of Poland and Lithuania. More than 200 seals are appended to the parchment, a personal commitment of the nobility at the Confederation to guaranteeing religious tolerance and securing the unity of the state. Twenty One Demands, Gdansk, August 1980: The birth of the Solidarity trade union a massive social movement Written on wooden boards, the 21 Demands were made by the Strike Committee in August 1980 in Gdansk and led to the creation of Solidarity, the first free trade union within the Communist bloc. This political watershed also resulted in the establishment of free trade unions, the abolition of censorship and the release of political prisoners which changed the future fate of Poland, Europe and the world. Nicolaus Copernicus' masterpiece "De revolutionibus libri sex" Mikolaj Kopernik (Nicolaus Copernicus) is considered to be one of the fathers of the Renaissance, along with such illustrious names as Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo Buonarotti and Galileo. As a humanist, philologist, doctor and father of modem economy, his place in the pantheon of the world's greatest thinkers is assured due to his heliocentric theory of the universe. His theory revolutionized man's comprehension of the world and became the foundation of many branches of science. Kopernik's autography "De revolutionibus libri sex" from ca 1520 is by for the most important treatise to be found in the Jagiellonian Library in Cracow. Warsaw Ghetto Archives (Emmanuel Ringelblum Archives) The Ringelblum Archives consists of a collection of 1,680 archival units (approx. 25,000 pages) retrieved from the ruins of the Warsaw Ghetto, the largest ghetto in Nazi-occupied Europe (approximately 500,000 inhabitants). It comprises government documents, materials concerning the ghetto resistance, testimonies of the fate of Jewish communities during the Holocaust, literature, works of art and private correspondence collected by victims in order to pass on information about the Holocaust to future generations. It documents the Shoah, the fate of its Jewish community of 3,500,000 people. Masterpieces of Fryderyk Chopin Chopin, like Bach, Mozart, Beethoven and Verdi, is considered to be a composer of lasting and universal value. One of the most important features of his music is its originality and novelty. Apart from Europe, he
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also made a name for himself in Asia (especially in Japan and Korea) and in the Americas. Even though Chopin was one of the fathers of Romanticism, his music had its individual character and his achievements outclassed those of his predecessors and followers. Portugal Letter of Pêro Vaz de Caminha The letter, dated 1st May 1500 to the King of Portugal D. Manuel I, is the first document describing the land and people of Brazil. It was written when the Portuguese arrived in the new world for the very first time and records Brazil's annexation to the crown of Portugal. The letter is rich in detail, with observations that bear witness to the encounter of the "old" and "new" worlds. Russian Federation Archangel Gospel of 1092 The Gospel is unique from the point of view of its linguistics, palaeography and codicology. It was purchased by the Rumyantsev Museum in the late of 19th Century and was described and incorporated in the Museum collection (f. 178) of the manuscript department. It is of great significance in the human written history of universal philosophy and culture and the development of ancient Russian literature. Khitrovo Gospel This Gospel is widely known for eight miniatures and ornaments by Andrei Rublyov and artists from his era. It was kept in the sacristy of the Troitse Sergievea Lavra and in 1920, the collection of the sacristy was added to that of the Russian State Library. This Gospel gives an outstanding idea of the stage of the development of ancient Russian Literature, of its book writing schools and workshops and of the dissemination of the Slavonic church language. 1st century Slavonic publications in Cyrillic script This collection of international value, consisting of 63 books, is of great importance to the cultural heritage of Slavonic nations. Most of these publications are exceptionally rare and some are unique. They antedate the early books printed by I. Fedorov by 70 years. Newspaper collections This is a documentary source of the history of the Russian State and its worldwide influence. It consists of the first four newspapers of the period of Peter the Great who turned Russia towards the west (the beginning of the 18th century); the district and provincial newspapers including literary gazettes of the Enlightenment (mid 19th century); the newspapers of the Russian revolution (from 1905 to 1917) and Great patriotic war (WWII) which have enormously influenced not only Russia but the whole world as well. Maps of the Russian Empire and its collection of the 18th century The collection is one of great cultural importance to the world. Vast geographical explorations and cartographic work greatly broadened knowledge not only of the interior of the country but of the northern coast of Asia, the Far East and the Pacific. The second collection "Handwritten and printed town maps of the 2nd half of the 18th to the beginning of the 19th century" is of great interest in terms of toponymic and economic data about the Russian empire. Russian posters of the end of the 19th and early 20th centuries This collection is a part of the pictorial collection of the library. It is the largest collection of Russian posters in the world and constitutes a valuable national and international heritage of deep importance for studies of Russian art, culture and history. Mary of the posters are in great demand throughout the world for different exhibitions. Historical Collections (1889-1955) of St. Petersburg Phonogram Archives This corpus of over 35,000 historical recordings in the field of ethnomusicology, ethnolinguistics, and philology, amounts to over 500 hours of recorded sound material. A high proportion of items relate to the earliest period of recording with a phonograph in the field, i.e. before 1910. These collections represent a fairly comprehensive legacy of orally transmitted cultures, languages, and rites, which have since undergone substantial changes, and sometimes have even been lost, of the former Tsarist Russian Empire and the later
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Soviet Union. Many of these recordings are the oldest of their kind, and some are unique. Saudi Arabia Earliest Islamic (Kufic) Inscription An inscription located on a red sandstone block of rock in northwestern Saudi Arabia on the ancient trade and pilgrimage route connecting the early Islamic city of al Mabiyat with Madain Saleh. It is the oldest Islamic inscription found so far and mentions the date of the death of the second Caliph of Islam, Omar bin al Khattab in the year 24 Hegira (corresponding to 644 AD). Senegal Fonds of the Afrique occidentale française (AOF) The AOF holdings, which belong to the common heritage are of a tremendous cultural, historic and social interest. They include an immense stock of documentation on art and on a number of Islamic brotherhoods such as Mouridism and Tidjanism, as well as on Catholicism in French West Africa. The AOF holdings contain some edifying information on the Island of Goree, a symbol of slavery, which has been classified as a world heritage site by UNESCO. Serbia and Montenegro Nikola Tesla's Archive A unique collection of manuscripts, photographs, scientific and patent documentation, indispensable to the study of the history of electrification. Tesla's inventions have been crucial to the development of many of today's technologies including radio, radar, television, motors of all kinds, and computers. The Archive has a collection of 160,000 pages of patent documentation, scientific correspondence, scientific papers, manuscripts, technical drawings, scientific measuring data, personal documents, and legal papers and around 1,000 original photographs of Tesla's experiments and inventions. Miroslav Gospel - Manuscript of 1180 AD. A manuscript with miniatures of outstanding beauty. It is representative of illuminated manuscripts of a specific style and iconography resulting from fusion of elements of the West (Italy) and the East (Byzantium) Slovakia Illuminated Codices from the Library of the Bratislava Chapter House A unique collection of more than 3,000 volumes from the 12th to the 19th centuries as well as musical codices (Bratislava antiphonaries I V) from the 1st and 16th centuries containing numerous illuminations and illustrations. Of the original 139 medieval codices recorded in the 19th, the holdings currently contain 101 medieval manuscript volumes from the period of the 12th to 16th centuries. Basagic Collection of Islamic Manuscripts The collection of 284 volumes of manuscripts including 589 individual works (393 Arabic, 117 Turkish and 88 Persian) contains unique sources of world Islamic culture and has worldwide significance as an outstanding and comprehensive documentation of Bosnia's written literature in 16th-19th centuries through evidence of literary and scientific activities of Bosnian Muslim scholars. After the destruction of the National Library in Sarajevo it has become the unique collection of Bosnian Muslim literature. South Africa Bleek collection The Bleek Collection consists of papers of Dr W H I Bleek (1827-1875), his sister-in-law Lucy Lloyd (18341914), his daughter Dorothea Bleek (1873-1948) and G W Stow (1822-1882) relating to their researches into the San (Bushman) language and folklore, as well as albums of photographs. Bleek developed a phonetic script for transcribing the characteristic clicks and sounds of the /Xam language which is used by linguists to this day. The material provides an invaluable and unique insight into the language, life, religion, mythology, folklore and stories of this late Stone Age people. Archives of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) (see under Netherlands) Joint inscription with India, Indonesia, Netherlands and Sri Lanka

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Sri Lanka Archives of the Dutch East India Company (VOC) (see under Netherlands) Joint inscription with India, Indonesia, Netherlands and South Africa Sweden Astrid Lindgren Archives Approx. 100 shelf metres of manuscripts, short hand drafts, correspondence, clippings, photos, audiovisual recordings and other material created by Astrid Lindgren herself, one of the most influential writers of literature for children and young adults in the 20th century Emmanuel Swedenborg Collection One of the biggest existing collections of manuscripts from the 18th century, and one of the very few in modern times that has served as the basis for a new Christian church Tajikistan 14th century Tajik Persian Manuscript This is the most ancient manuscript of Ubayd Zakoni and Hafiz Sherozi and is a great example of classic literature, containing the complete works ("Kulliyat") of the celebrated Tajik Persian writer Ubayd Zakoni and "Gazalliyt", by the well known poet Hafiz Sherozi. The manuscript has a special design in which Hafiz' poems are placed around Ubaid Zakoni's text. Tanzania Collection of Arabic Manuscripts and Books More than 800 books and manuscripts, with some material over 300 years old, providing insight on various aspects of Islam, Arabic literature and rhetoric, the history of ideas in Zanzibar and Eastern Africa. German Records of the National Archives The German Records reflect the situation during the "great period" when most of the European powers were busily dividing Africa among themselves. During this period, many events took place which changed the face of Africa, changes which can only be understood by referring to these documents. This includes the transformation of the German East Africa colony of Tanganyika into present day Tanzania, Rwanda and Burundi. Thailand King Ram Khamhaeng Inscription A siltstone pillar from 1292 AD., its four sides bear the oldest known inscriptions in the Thai language in Sukhotai scripts. The inscription's value as a historical document was made evident when it was used to support Thailand's successful proposal to inscribe the Historic Town of Sukhothai and Associated Historic Towns on the World Heritage List in 1991. Trinidad and Tobago Derek Walcott Collection The collection is of world significance. It was generated by Derek Walcott, whose literary output has won him many outstanding international awards, including the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1992. It consists of original, unique documents whose social, cultural and spiritual value transcends a national culture. Eric Williams Collection The collection is of worldwide significance since it documents the life and times of Dr. Eric Williams, Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago, international statesman and esteemed scholar, during the period 1956-1981. The material depicts various aspects of Dr. Williams' life and his contribution to Trinidad and Tobago, the Caribbean region and the world. His scholarship comprises a number of significant writings. His seminal work, Capitalism and Slavery, has made an indelible contribution to the historiography of slavery and has defined the study of Caribbean history. C.L.R. James Collection Original documents including correspondence, manuscripts, pamphlets, personal and literary papers as well as
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the books that formed the personal library of the late Cyril Lionel Robert James, one of the leading intellectuals of the 20th century. His influence spanned the Caribbean, Africa, the United Kingdom and the United States of America. Turkey Süleymaniye Manuscript Library: the works of Ibn Sina This is the complete collection of all the manuscript copies, some of them dating back to the 10th century, of surviving works by Abdallah Ibn al Hassan Ibn al Ali Ibn Sina (980-1038), often known by his Latin name of Avicenna. The manuscripts are unique and some are rendered more precious because of their calligraphic styles, illuminations, miniatures, illustrations and bindings. Hittite cuneiform tablets from Bogazköy The archive of cuneiform clay tablets from Bogazköy (ancient Hattusas) represents the only extant recorded material about the Hittites civilization, one of the most powerful political organizations of the Middle East during the 2nd millennium B.C. Most of our knowledge relating to that period of history in Asia Minor and partially in the Middle East comes from these approx. 25,000 tablets recording social, political, commercial, military, religious, legislative and artistic lives of the era. They include the Treaty of Quadesh tablets signed between the Hittites and Egyptians. This well known treaty ofeternal peace guaranteed peace and security throughout the area. Kandilli Observatory and Earthquake Research Institute Manuscripts Mathematics, medicine and astronomy were the core disciplines of Islamic science in the Ottoman Empire. There have been quite a number of works written on these subjects in Turkish, Arabic and Persian. The collection focuses on astronomical, astrological, mathematical and miscellaneous works and is perhaps the only collection in the world with manuscripts on related subject matters. The collection in the library comprises a total of 1,339 works in 581 volumes. Ukraine Collection of Jewish Musical Folklore (1912-1947) The world's foremost repository of Jewish folk music recorded on Edison wax cylinders. Comprising over 1,017 cylinders of two to seven minutes of music each, the recordings constitute invaluable source material for the study of the almost vanished art and traditions of Ashkenazi Jews in the early 20th century. United Kingdom The Battle of the Somme Five reels of 35mm film, total length 5005 ft (1525 metres). A uniquely significant documentary record of one of the key battles of the First World War and as the first feature-length documentary film record of combat produced anywhere in the world Appeal of 18 June 1940 (See under France) Joint inscription with France United States of America Universalis cosmographia secundum Ptholomaei traditionem et Americi Vespucii aliorumque Lustrationes Joint inscription with Germany A large uncoloured wall map of the world, on twelve separate and unjoined wood cut sheets centred on Europe, Asia, and Africa, in the Ptolemaic tradition, showing the Americas on the west side and Japan on the easternmost portion. This was also the first printed wall map of the world and is the first map to give the name of "America" to the New World, in honour of Amerigo Vespucci. Uruguay Original records of Carlos Gardel Horacio Loriente Collection (1913-1935) This private collection of 800 original records, with their original paper sleeves, by Carlos Gardel is the most complete in Uruguay. It includes the 29 musical genres and the different styles, which made up Gardel's repertoire preserving the singer and film actor's unique voice and art.

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Uzbekistan Holy Koran Mushaf of Othman This manuscript is the earliest existing written version of the Koran. It is the definitive version, known as the Mushaf of Othman, superseding all former versions. The third Caliph Othman, who ordered its compilation, was assassinated while reading it and his death precipitated the deep Sunni-Shia schism which has divided the Muslim community since then. Collection of the Al Biruni Institute of Oriental Studies This is one of the most important collections of Central Asian manuscripts. It reflects the role of this part of the world as a crossroads of the Silk Road and its importance in the development of Islamic science and culture. The collection is of great significance for the study of the history and culture of the peoples of Central Asia, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran and the Arab world, and of the political, diplomatic and cultural relations between them. Venezuela Writings of the Liberator Simon Bolivar The work of Bolivar is of universal importance. His writings constitute a political, social and military record which is still pertinent to the affairs of American and European countries. The importance of his actions is immeasurable and his political thought and vision of the future are incomparable. Collection of Latin-American photographs of the 19th Century This is the most comprehensive historical collection of nineteenth century Latin American photographs in existence anywhere on the American continent. The collection takes the form of 8,000 titles depicting a great variety of subjects. These include urban development in major populated centres, ports, landscape, rural life and important personalities. All the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean are represented.

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