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Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 8 Quiz

1. The most important duty of the president may be to ensure that all a. Citizens have homes c. Laws are “faithfully executed” b. Military bases are in use d. Congress members control spending 2. The maximum time a president can be elected to serve is a. 10 years c. 4 years b. 8 years d. 2 years 3. Presidential candidates who have this political philosophy have the best chance of being elected a. Liberal c. Conservative b. Moderate d. Very conservative 4. The first woman nominated by a major party for high office was a. Madeleine Albright c. Margaret Chase Smith b. Susan B. Anthony d. Geraldine Ferraro 5. If the offices of both the president and vice president became vacant at the same time, the next in live for the presidency is the c. President pro tempore of the Senate a. Majority leader of the House d. Majority leader of the Senate b. Speaker of the House 6. George Washington was elected first president by a. Congress c. Popular vote b. Political parties d. the Electoral College 7. Since states began putting presidential candidates on the ballot, electors have been chosen by a. Popular vote c. Political parties b. The Electoral College d. the President 8. In modern-day elections, the president and vice president are elected by a. Popular vote c. the Electoral College b. Political parties d. Congress 9. The oath of office at the presidential inaugural ceremony is administered by a. Chief Justice c. Vice President b. Outgoing president d. Speaker of the House 10. “Ask not what your country can do for you – ask what you can do for your country” was in this president’s inaugural address a. Abraham Lincoln c. Franklin D. Roosevelt b. John F. Kennedy d. Bill Clinton

11. One of the first responsibilities of the president is to a. Give a State of the Union speech c. Reorganize Congress b. Meet with other heads of state d. Staff the executive branch 12. The secretary of agriculture is usually from a. A western state c. A farm state b. A southern state d. A large city 13. The secretaries of state, defense, treasury, and the attorney general are known as the a. Inner cabinet c. Kitchen cabinet b. Brain trust d. Direct cabinet 14. This is NOT a constituency that requires the loyalty of cabinet members a. Special-interest groups c. Career officials in their departments b. Members of Congress d. Political parties 15. The role of the cabinet in policymaking is dependent on a. Their abilities c. Congress b. Their political party d. the President 16. This is NOT a reason the EOP has grown a. Spending taxes already collected b. Coordination of agencies nation

c. Reorganization by a president d. Complex problems facing the

17. Which of the following is the newest agency in the EOP? a. National Security Council b. Council of Economic Advisor c. Office of Management and Budget d. Office of National Drug Control Policy 18. This Executive Office of the president prepares the national budget every year a. OMB c. Council of Economic Advisors b. NSC d. EOP 19. All of these assistants were part of President Clinton’s inner circle except the a. Chief of Staff c. White House counsel b. NSC Advisor d. Press Secretary 20. These are all tasks of the White House staff except a. Preparing the national budget c. Gathering information b. Writing reports and memos d. Enforcing the President’s

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 8 Test

Column A
1. Commander in Chief of the armed forces 2. given to Congress by the president 3. deals with presidential succession 4. presides over the Senate 5. deals with separate ballots 6. administers presidential oath 7.secretary of agriculture 8. Franklin D. Roosevelt 9. Executive Office of the President 10. task of White House staff 11. The president’s salary is called a. central clearance b. electoral vote

Column B
a. EOP b. vice president c. 12th Amendment d. chief justice e. president f. write reports & memos g. brain trust h. State of the Union Address i. From a state farm j. 25th Amendment

c. presidential succession d. compensation

12. Following the vice president the next in succession for the presidency is the a. Speaker of the House c. president pro tempore of the Senate b. House Whip d. majority leader of the Senate 13. This African American won the support of many delegates at the 1988 Democratic Convention. a. Margaret Chase Smith c. Jesse Jackson b. Colin Powell d. Geraldine Ferraro 14. A president cannot exceed this number of years in office. a. 6 years c. 4 years b. 10 years d. 8 years 15. This system is often called a winner-take-all system. a. the Electoral College c. popular vote b. central clearance d. Federalist system 16. Young people are encouraged to vote by a. national security advisors b. Rock the Vote c. presidential succession d. the Electoral College

17. The first president of this country was elected by a. the Electoral College c. Congress b. popular vote d. political parties

18. This group is chosen by the president for their expertise in selected areas. a. Electoral College c. cabinet b. press corps d. chief of political parties 19. This is the largest agency of the Executive Office of the President. a. Office of Management and Budget c. Council of Economic Advisors b. Congressional Budget Office d. National Security Council 20. The Reorganization Act of 1939 created the a. National Security Council b. Economic Report of the President c. Executive Office of the President d. National Economic Council

21. How many weeks pass between the time Congress counts the electoral votes and when the president is sworn in? a. 2 c.10 b. 3 d. 4 22. Of the presidents who lost the popular vote, which one lost it by the largest number of votes? a. John Q. Adams c. Benjamin Harrison b. Rutherford B. Hayes d. George W. Bush

“I don’t know if you fellows ever had a load of hay fall on you, but when they told me yesterday what happened, I felt like the moon, stars, and all the planets had fallen on me.” 23. Upon assuming office in 1945, Harry S. Truman made this comment to the press the day after ______________ Died. a. George Bush c. Andrew Johnson b. Franklin Roosevelt d. Gerald Ford

24. According to the graph, which president had the most executive employees? a. Truman c. Nixon b. Clinton d. Roosevelt “I have gathered you together to hear what I have written down. I do not wish your advice about the main matter. That I have determined for myself.” - Abraham Lincoln, 1862 25. Which document, referenced in the quote above, did Lincoln bring his cabinet together to read to them before issuing it to the American public? a. the Gettysburg Address c. the State of the Union Address b. his inaugural address d. the Emancipation Proclamation

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 9 Quiz

1. This item is an example of presidential judicial power. a. appoint city judges c. reduce a person’s jail sentence b. pardon non-federal criminal d. pardon people convicted of state crimes 2. This item represents one of the greatest sources of power for a president. a. strong popular support c. political party affiliation b. support of foreign countries d. military support 3. This president was known for his fireside chats. a. Bill Clinton c. Ronald Reagan b. Franklin D. Roosevelt d. Abraham Lincoln 4. Public opinion over the Vietnam War helped prevent this president from running for reelection. a. Ronald Reagan c. John F. Kennedy b. Richard Nixon d. Lyndon Johnson 5. Mass media and this item support the checks and balances that limit the power of the president. a. public forums c. political party influence b. the War Powers Act d. public opinion 6.The president’s refusal to allow a federal department to spend money Congress has appropriated. a. impoundment c. executive order b. pardon d. reprieve 7. The power to reject part of a bill. a. override b. line-item veto c. executive order d. reprieve

8. This program allows young people to help society and earn money for training or college. a. Volunteer America c. AmeriCorps b. Youth Corps d. Rock the Vote 9. Supporting the president and the party during an election may lead to a. a pardon c. impoundment b. a reprieve d. patronage 10. Pacts between the president and heads of foreign governments are called a. executive agreements c. pardons b. reprieves d. executive orders

11. This item can give a president real leverage in influencing Congress. a. political party affiliation c. ability to debate b. public support d. financial banking 12. Because of his failure to understand this, Herbert Hoover lost the presidential election. a. his cabinet c. cost of the election b. leadership qualities d. moods and fears of the people 13. The president did not tolerate serious dissention among his staff. a. President Reagan c. President Roosevelt b. President Kennedy d. President Johnson 14. These are key ingredients for successful decision making. a. isolation and time alone c. information and realistic advice b. research and writing abilities d. ability to debate and to fight back 15. This president has been nominated 7 times for a Nobel Peace Prize. a. Jimmy Carter c. John F. Kennedy b. Ronald Reagan d. George Bush

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 9 Test

Column A
1. presidential judicial power 2. broad powers are granted here 3. source of powers are granted here 4. overturns a president’s veto 5. mass media & public opinion 6. earns training or college money 7. appointment to a political office 8. nation’s chief diplomat 9. agreements between countries 10. covert operations 11. The expressed will of the people is called a. a de facto b. an impoundment 12. The head of the executive branch is the a. president b. chief justice

Column B
a. checks on presidential power b. congressional override c. president d. AmeriCorps e. appoint federal court judges f. patronage g. treaties h. Article II i. Secret activities j. strong popular support

c. a forum d. a mandate c. vice president d. Speaker of the House

13. This president was known as the Great Communicator. a. Franklin D. Roosevelt c. Bill Clinton b. Ronald Reagan d. Abraham Lincoln 14. In addition to congressional override, Congress has this power over a president. a. mandate c. impeachment b. pardon d. veto 15. Because of popular opinion, this Vietnam War era president did not run for reelection. a. Lyndon B. Johnson c. John F. Kennedy b. Richard M. Nixon d. Ronald Reagan 16. The head of state in the U.S. is the a. president b. mayor c. vice president d. governor

17. In the 1970s, this president impounded funds to eliminate social programs he did not favor. a. Ronald Reagan c. George W. Bush b. Bill Clinton d. Richard M. Nixon 18. This shortcoming can bring disaster to a president. a. inability to debate c. failure to understand the public mood b. too much public support d. lack of international support

19. This former president has been nominated seven times for the Nobel Peace Prize for his work with Habitat for Humanity. a. Richard M. Nixon c. Ronald Reagan b. Jimmy Carter d. George W. Bush 20. The right of the president to refuse to testify before Congress or a court is called a. executive privilege c. executive orders b. executive mandate d. de facto

21. The presidents from all but which of the following countries have control over their armed forces? a. Argentina c. South Africa b. France d. U.S. 22. Over half of the countries listed in the chart above elect their leaders using a. an electoral college c. election by legislature b. the spoils system d. direct election

23. The cartoon depicts President Clinton trying to a. change his party affiliation c. disguise himself b. induce gridlock d. adopt a known persona and message

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 10 Quiz

1. Serving the financial division of the government is the primary responsibility of the a. Department of Interior c. Department of the Treasury b. Department of Commerce d. Department of State 2. The National Park Service is part of this department. a. Department of the Interior c. Department of Agriculture b. Department of Energy d. Department of Health & Human Services 3. This department helps meet the needs of students who have disabilities. a. Department of Education c. Department of Health & Human Services b. Department of Transportation d. Department of Justice 4. NASA, the CIA, EPA, and GSA are examples of a. government corporations c. embassies b. independent agencies d. regulatory commissions 5. These agencies make rules for large industries and businesses that affect the public. a. government corporations c. regulatory commissions b. bureaucrats d. embassies 6. Victorious politicians’ rewarding of their followers with government jobs is called a. the civil service system c. the spoils system b. deregulation d. bureaucracy 7. Employment on the basis of open, competitive examination and merit is the a. civil service system c. spoils system b. result of deregulation d. bureaucracy at work 8. Limits on how involved the federal government employees can become in elections are imposed by the a. Civil Service Commission c. Pendleton Act b. Hatch Act d. Civil Service System 9. This law reorganized the civil service. a. Civil Service Commission Act b. Hatch Act c. Civil Service Reform Act of 1978 d. Civil Rights Act of 1965

10. Much of the real power over daily operations of the government is with a. liaison officers c. top political appointees b. client groups d. career civil service officials 11. This law makes it possible for disabled workers to receive payments from the government. a. Health and Welfare Act c. Veterans Affairs Act b. Social Security Act d. Disabilities Act of 1978

12. ________________ grew out of the Cold War. a. inflation c. NASA b. The Department of Defense d. The Depression 13. Congress has two major tools to influence decision making in federal agencies: a. new legislation c. lobbying and election money b. DEA and the FBI d. contact w/ the people & the president 14. Heidi Landgraf is a famous a. member of congress b. cabinet member 15. This is an example of an iron triangle. a. president, Senate, House of Representatives b. executive, legislative, judicial branch

c. FBI agent d. DEA agent

c. federal agency, client group, congressional committee d. president, vice-president, cabinet

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 10 Test

Column A
1. federal government workers 2. ambassadors’ offices 3. Department of Health & Human Services 4. Department of Justice 5. Department of Agriculture 6. Pendleton Act 7. report wrongdoings 8. purchasing of materials 9. streamline federal bureaucracy 10. iron triangle

Column B
a. office of attorney general b. whistleblower c. bureaucrats d. helps farmers e. client group, federal agency, congressional committee f. embassies g. procurement h. created civil service system i. Social Security Administration j. reinventing government

11. This department is responsible for the overall foreign policy of the U.S. a. Department of Justice c. Department of Interior b. Department of Defense d. Department of State 12. The Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms is part of the Department of a. Agriculture c. Defense b. the Treasury d. Labor 13. These have the power to make rules for large industries and businesses that affect the public. a. regulatory commissions c. civil servants b. bureaucrats d. government corporations 14. This department was once called the Department of War. a. Department of Defense c. Department of Veterans Affairs b. Department of the Interior d. Department of State 15. This describes the practice of victorious politicians rewarding their followers with government jobs. a. the iron triangle c. the federal bureaucracy b. the spoils system d. the civil service system 16. If you wanted a federal job, you would check with the a. government corporations c. Federal Job Information Center b. Social Security office d. Civil Service Commission 17. This item limits federal employees’ involvement in election campaigns. a. Pendleton Act c. Civil Service Commission b. Federal Job Information Centers d. Hatch Act

18. These are not civil service federal government jobs. a. procurement officers b. embassy workers

c. jobs in the plum book d. postal workers

19. This was the Republican 104th Congress’s program to eliminate government waste. a. reinventing government c. AmeriCorps b. Contract w/ America d. Republican Sweep 20. The major power Congress has over the bureaucracy is the a. power of the purse c. power of the people b. contact with president d. contact with other lawmakers

21. During the Clinton Administration, a total of ___________ cabinet departments were created. a. 2 c. zero b. 3 d. 5

22. Study the graph above. Which civil service employer has the least number of employees? a. Postal Service c. Department of Agriculture b. Department of Defense d. Department of Justice

23. Study the graph above. Which civil service employer reduced its number of employees by more than 25% from 1990 – 2001? a. Postal Service c. Department of Justice b. Department of Defense d. Department of Agriculture

“We need increased program evaluation. Many programs fail to define with any specificity what they intend to accomplish. Without that specification, evaluation by objective is impossible….” - Jimmy Carter, 1976 24. President Carter’s statement above reflected a growing concern about the number of federal agencies. Which of the following would reduce the size of the federal government? a. deregulation c. procurement b. corporate loopholes d. political plum “One of the enduring truths of the nation’s capital is that bureaucrats survive. Agencies don’t fold their tents and quietly fade away after their work is done. They find something else to do.” - Gerald Ford 25. Statements like the one above made by Ford eventually led the American people to call for a. abolition of federal agencies c. an increase in federal bureaucrats b. the creation of client groups d. reform of the federal bureaucracy

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 16 Quiz

1. When several parties combine forces to obtain a majority, they form a. proportional representation c. a third-party government b. a coalition government d. a theocracy 2. Any party other than the Democratic or Republican party is called a. the Independent party c. a party buster b. the American party d. a third party 3. This type of party focuses on overall changes in society. a. ideological party c. single-issue party b. third party d. splinter party 4. Minimum wages and health insurance were first proposed by a. the Libertarian Party c. the Democratic Party b. third parties d. the Republican Party 5. Nearly all elected officials in the U.S. are selected by a. third party elections c. single-member districts b. coalitions d. proportional representation 6. Voters who support neither the Republican nor Democratic parties are called a. ward voters c. independents b. precinct voters d. patrons 7. In each precinct, each party has a volunteer who organizes party workers called a a. ward captain c. party county chairperson b. committee captain d. precinct captain 8. This group of representatives from the 50 state parties, runs the political party between conventions. a. precincts c. wards b. national committee d. national convention 9. Giving favors to reward party loyalty is called a. patronage b. ward payments 10. Watchdogs of the party in power. a. Republican Party b. Democratic Party c. illegal favors d. precinct payments c. the party out of power d. third parties

11. An official public meeting of a party to choose candidates for office is a a. nominating convention c. caucus b. candidate convention d. nominating meeting

12. This is an election in which party members select people to run in the general election. a. general convention election c. primary election b. national convention election d. petition 13. The purpose of a national convention is to select a a. nominating committee c. caucus b. boss d. ticket 14. This is the party’s statement of principles, beliefs, and positions on vital issues. a. plank c. ticket b. platform d. caucus 15. Individual parts of the platform are called a. conventions b. planks c. tickets d. petitions

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 16 Test

Column A
1. theocracy or authoritarian 2. several parties combined 3. neither Democratic nor Republican 4. select most elected officials 5. organizes local party workers 6. political party rewards 7. replaced caucuses 8. needed to win a primary 9. the party’s statement 10. voters sign it for a potential candidate

Column B
A. coalition government B. conventions C. single-member districts D. petition E. third party F. platform G. one-party system H. patronage I. plurality J. precinct captain

11. A multiparty system often represents different beliefs or a. ideologies c. theocracies b. voting privileges d. precincts 12. The Liberty Party and the Free Soil Party are examples of a. a two-party government c. a coalition government b. single-issue parties d. ideological parties 13. Voting districts are called a. wards b. caucuses 14. Adjoining precincts form a. proportional districts b. caucuses c. precincts d. proportional districts c. voting districts d. wards

15. These powerful political leaders chose delegates and controlled conventions. a. ward captains c. bosses b. precinct captains d. patrons 16. This is a second primary election between the two candidates with the most votes. a. closed primary c. plurality election b. open primary d. runoff 17. Candidates for president and vice president are called the party’s a. ticket c. platform b. plank d. patrons 18. Although he lost the election, his revolt against “King Caucus” led to the adoption of the nominating convention. a. Robert Kennedy c. John Adams b. Andrew Jackson d. Richard Nixon

19. Under this system a state’s delegates represent the candidates according to the popular vote in the primary. a. open primary c. proportional representation b. closed primary d. district voting 20. At each party’s national convention, candidates attempt to win the support of these people. a. patrons c. precinct captains b. ward captains d. uncommitted delegates

21. Which third party has been in existence the shortest period of time? a. Prohibition c. Reform b. Libertarian d. Green 22. Which of the following major parties in the United States had the shortest run? a. Whig c. National Republican b. Federalist d. Democratic-Republican “…[It is] an American invention as native to the U.S.A. as corn pone or apple pie….It has something of the gaiety of a four-ring circus, something of the sentiment of a class reunion, and something of the tub-thumping frenzy of a backwoods camp meeting.” - Theodore H. White 23. Which of the following political events is White describing? a. primary election c. inauguration b. general election d. national convention

24. Based on the information in the chart, if an individual served on a rural township committee and wanted to gain more political power, it would make sense that the individual would work to next move into what area of party organization? a. precinct leader c. congressional district b. county committee d. national committee “The vast majority of local parties are essentially voluntary organizations….They have the least influence and the fewest resources. The combination of … reliance on volunteers in an era when volunteers are hard to find, complex campaign finance regulations, and the general low regard in which parties are held combine to discourage the best leadership or the greatest participation.” - Xandara Kayden & Eddie Mahe, Jr., 1985 25. According to the excerpt, which of the following is a problem for local parties? a. energetic volunteers c. high regard for parties b. complex campaign finance regulations d. great leadership

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 17 Quiz

1. This person is responsible for the overall strategy and planning of a national campaign. a. the president c. party chairperson b. the vice president d. campaign manager 2. This is an organization designed to support political candidates with campaign contributions. a. Common Cause c. Federal Election Commission b. political action committee d. Citizens’ Coalition 3. This is controversial because of how it is raised and how it is spent. a. soft money c. laundered money b. hard money d. easy money 4. The Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act eliminated soft money in federal campaigns and a. added to campaign contributions c. restricted issue-advocacy advertisements b. disallowed campaign contributions d. allowed unlimited PAC spending 5. Under federal election laws, records of political contributions must be kept and reported to the a. McCain-Feingold Commission c. Political Action Committee b. Federal Election Commission d. Reform Party 6. This kept many African Americans from voting even after the Fifteenth Amendment. a. John Jay clause c. Voting Rights Act b. grandfather clause d. suffrage 7. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 outlawed these as a way of keeping African Americans from voting. a. citizenship test c. literacy tests b. property tax d. videotapes at polls 8. Ratified in 1964, the Twenty-fourth Amendment outlawed this in national elections. a. the poll tax c. women’s suffrage b. literacy tests d. African American suffrage 9. This was one of the most effective suffrage laws ever passed in this country. a. grandfather clause c. Voting Rights Act b. poll tax d. African American Suffrage Act 10. This lowered the voting age from 21 to 18. a. Fifteenth Amendment b. Voting Rights Act c. Twenty-sixth Amendment d. Nineteenth Amendment

11. These voters are caught between conflicting issues. a. young voters c. strong party voters b. independent voters d. cross-pressured voters

12. When party loyalists select the candidates of their party, they vote a a. propaganda ticket c. cross-pressured vote b. straight-party ticket d. landslide 13. Ronald Reagan used this issue as an effective tactic against Jimmy Carter. a. the economy c. crime b. Social Security d. intelligence 14. This uses information in a way that supports a predetermined objective. a. propaganda c. patriotism b. image d. television 15. When candidates quote only those statistics that support their positions, it is called a. “getting on the bandwagon” c. card stacking b. “plain folk” techniques d. slander

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 17 Test

Column A
1. campaign contributors 2. unlimited contributions 3. bans soft money in federal campaigns 4. women’s right to vote 5. African Americans’ right to vote 6. kept many African Americans from voting 7. outlawed the poll tax 8. lowered the voting age 9. successful 1965 suffrage law 10. voters with conflicting issues

Column B
a. Twenty-sixth Amendment b. literacy tests c. PACs d. Fifteenth Amendment e. Twenty-fourth Amendment f. cross-pressured voters g. soft money h. Voting Rights Act i. Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act j. Nineteenth Amendment

11. The first Tuesday after the first Monday in November is a. Thanksgiving c. Election Day b. Presidents Day d. Veterans Day 12. This is an important communication tool for a political candidate. a. television c. PACs b. images d. propaganda 13. Records of political contributions are kept by the a. Political Action Committee c. Voting Rights Act Commission b. Social Security Office d. Federal Election Commission 14. Even after the Fifteenth Amendment passed, many African Americans could not vote because of the a. Nineteenth Amendment c. Political Action Committee b. grandfather clause d. Voting Rights Act 15. The Founders believed the voters should be a. politicians b. the same religion c. all U.S. citizens d. white, male property owners

16. Voters who are in the middle of the political spectrum are called a. moderates c. liberals b. independents d. conservatives 17. These voters are considered weak party voters. a. liberals c. independents b. conservatives d. moderates

18. Ronald Reagan defeated Jimmy Carter largely because of this issue. a. space exploration funding c. public funding for school lunches b. military power d. the economy 19. This term refers to ideas, information, or rumors that are used to influence opinion. a. propaganda c. “plain folk” technique b. images d. political agendas 20. Candidates who quote only those statistics that support their position are a. quoting the Voting Rights Act c. using television effectively b. card stacking d. using propaganda

21. Which presidential campaign shown on the graph was the only one to cost less than the preceding campaign.? a. 1984 c. 1996 b. 1992 d. 2004

22. More than 80% of ____________ who participated in the 2004 presidential election voted for John Kerry. a. women c. Hispanics b. men d. African Americans Propaganda Techniques: Technique Labeling Spin Card Stacking Transfer Plain Folks Testimonial The Bandwagon How to Recognize It Name calling; identifying a candidate with a term such as “un-American” Interpreting a political event or statement from a particular point of view Giving only one side of the facts to support a candidate’s position Associating a patriotic symbol with a candidate Identifying the candidate as “just one of the common people” A celebrity endorses a candidate Using voters to support a candidate because everyone else is

23. “Because Candidate A changed his position on tax reform, his opponent has called him a flip-flopper.” This statement is an example of which propaganda technique. a. testimonial c. transfer b. card stacking d. labeling 24. “Candidate A has been endorsed by the local teachers’ union and the Townsville Gazette.” This statement is an example of which propaganda technique? a. spin c. bandwagon b. labeling d. plain folks
“Being a president is like riding a tiger. A man has to keep riding it or get swallowed….A president is either constantly on top of events or, if he hesitates, events will soon be on top of him.” - Harry S. Truman

25. Which of the following statements best describes President Truman’s feelings about the presidency? a. Presidents should be cautious and slow to react to events. b. It is important for a president to be decisive and proactive. c. Being president is too hard and not worth the stress it brings. d. The media is usually slow to react and does not question the president’s decisions.

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 18 Quiz

1. These entities support candidates who favor their ideas, but they do not nominate candidates. a. political parties c. interest groups b. public-interest groups d. nominating committees 2. Interest group leaders strengthen the political power of the groups by a. collecting taxes c. charging dues b. holding rallies d. unifying the members 3. Many business and labor interest groups are concerned with issues regarding a. education c. the economy b. the banking industry d. housing 4. Ralph Nader’s Public Citizen, Inc. is an example of a a. public-interest group c. political-interest group b. labor-interest group d. business-interest group 5. These groups may be seeking military aid, economic aid, or favorable trade agreements. a. military lobbies c. public-interest groups b. foreign-interest groups d. business-interest groups 6. Most interest groups try to influence government through a. paying higher taxes c. illegal contributions b. lobbying d. public support 7. In order to persuade members of Congress, lobbyists provide legislators with a. meals & entertainment c. campaign contributions b. information d. gifts 8. This is an example of an independent PAC. a. Council for a Livable World b. SunPAC c. Realtor’s Political Action Committee d. Cattlemen’s Action Legislation Fund

9. Interest groups know that campaign contributions will assure them a. presidential support c. election of the lawmakers they support b. political support d. access to lawmakers they support 10. PAC support for an incumbent often means a. defeat at election time b. greater influence on public policy c. reelection d. tax fraud investigation

11. This includes the ideas and attitudes a significant number of Americans hold about government and political issues. a. public opinion c. mass media b. political culture d. peer groups

12. This is not a factor that characterizes the nature of public opinion. a. diversity c. significant numbers b. media d. communication 13. Stereotypes can be created or discredited by a. political socialization b. public opinion c. peer groups d. mass media

14. This is a set of basic beliefs about life, culture, government, and society. a. ideology c. political culture b. cultural values d. public opinion 15. Most Americans believe themselves to be a. liberal b. reactionary c. moderates d. conservatives

16. Unscientific attempts to measure public opinion are made through a. random sampling c. cluster samples b. representative samples d. straw polls 17. In conducting scientific polls, the group of people to be studied is called the a. universe c. straw poll sample b. world d. cluster sample 18. A small group of people typical of the universe is called a a. mass media c. biased sample b. representative sample d. straw poll 19. This is a technique in which everyone in the universe has an equal chance of being selected. a. representative sample c. biased sample b. cluster sample d. random sampling 20. This is not a shaper of public policy a. mass media b. cultural pluralism c. interest groups d. activists

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 18 Test

Column A
1. concern of business-interest groups 2. public-interest group 3. goal of foreign-interest groups 4. PAC regulator 5. lobbyist’s tool 6. goal of PAC supporting incumbent 7. elements of American political culture 8. beliefs about life, culture, and society 9. shapers of public policy 10. typical of a universe

Column B
a. information that supports a position b. Federal Election Campaign Act c. the economy d. representative sample e. liberty and freedom f. military & economic aid; favorable trade agreements g. ideology h. Ralph Nader’s Public Citizen, Inc. i. Reelection j. interest groups

11. Candidates are supported by non-nominating a. interest groups b. political cultures 12. This is a business-related interest group a. Sierra Club b. the Grange 13. This is a labor-related interest group a. the Grange b. NAM 14. Lobbyists sometimes provide a. campaign contributions b. research and writing of bills

c. candidates d. political parties c. NAM d. AFL-CIO c. AFL-CIO d. Sierra Club c. unlimited meals and gifts d. misinformation

15. This is the direct way interest groups try to influence government. a. campaign contributions c. public support b. newsletters d. lobbying 16. Individuals learn their political beliefs and attitudes in a process called a. political socialization c. peer group pressure b. interest group influence d. lobbying 17. The set of values and beliefs about a nation and its government that most citizens share is called a a. public opinion c. political culture b. cluster sample d. peer group belief

18. This group of Americans believes in a limited national government. a. moderates c. the media b. conservatives d. liberals 19. This is a way of measuring public opinion. a. cultural pluralism b. lobbying 20. Straw polls are a. scientifically based b. representative samples c. mass media records d. polls c. biased sampling d. cluster samples

21. According to the graph, total spending by PACs decreased during what years, after rising steadily for eight years? a. 1989 – 1990 c. 1993 – 1994 b. 1985 – 1986 d. 1999 – 2000 22. Which statement best describes the trend in the number of PACs between 1974 and 2000? a. The number of PACs increased slowly but steadily. b. The number of PACs increased sharply then dropped sharply. c. The number of PACs increased sharply then leveled off. d. The number of PACs rose and fell unpredictably.

“In no country of the world has the principle of association been more successfully used, or applied to a greater multitude of objects, than in America….In the United States associations are established to promote the public safety, commerce, industry, morality, and religion.” - Alexis de Tocqueville, 1835 23. Of the following groupings listed by de Tocqueville, which one does the organization Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) promote? a. public safety c. industry b. commerce d. religion

24. During which president’s term did approval ratings sink to the lowest level? a. Richard Nixon c. Harry Truman b. George H.W. Bush d. Jimmy Carter

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 19 Quiz

1. This is a ready-made story prepared by gov’t officials for members of the press. a. spot advertising c. media event b. news release d. news briefing 2. A gov’t official makes an announcement during a a. news briefing c. press conference b. news release d. media event 3. This involves the news media in questioning high-level officials. a. news release c. news briefing b. backgrounder d. press conference 4. This is the release of secret information by anonymous gov’t officials. a. backgrounder c. leak b. news briefing d. news release 5. These are brief, frequent, positive descriptions of a candidate. a. backgrounders c. media events b. spot advertisements d. press conferences 6. Gov’t censorship of information before publication is called a. shield law c. libel b. fairness doctrine d. prior restraint 7. This protects reporters from revealing their sources. a. equal time doctrine c. shield laws b. fairness doctrine d. prior restraint 8. This is the press’s need to collect information about the decisions of gov’t. a. right of access c. prior restraint b. a priori rights d. shield laws 9. This prohibits obscene or harassing conversation on any telecommunications facility. a. FCC c. Telecommunications Commission b. Telecommunications Act d. First Amendment 10. This is one way the gov’t controls press coverage about national security issues. a. through gov’tal review of stories c. through FCC regulations b. through the use of prior restraint d. by classifying information as secret 11. These are automated E-mail notifications that provide subscribers with current information on a topic. a. e-gov’t c. electronic mailing lists b. action alerts d. petitions

12. This guaranteed freedom of speech on the Internet. a. Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union c. Fifth Amendment b. Communications Decency Act d. US v. American Library Association 13. This feature of the Internet allows political activists to quickly locate and mobilize supporters. a. global scope c. interactivity b. ease of use d. inexpensiveness 14. This is a message that asks supporters to “sign” their names electronically to request that is going to a gov’t official. a. electronic voting c. support list b. electronic petition d. action alert 15. This refers to Web sites that provide gov’t services online. a. e-commerce c. cyber-volunteering b. THOMAS d. e-gov’t

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 19 Test

Column A
1. all the means for communicating information to the general public 2. the sale of goods and services online 3. guaranteed freedom of speech online 4. gov’t announcement 5. news media’s questioning of officials 6. release of secret information 7. brief, positive description about candidates 8. ready-made gov’t story 9. another term for gov’t censorship 10. protects reporters’ sources

Column B
a. news briefing b. spot advertising c. e-commerce d. mass media e. leak f. shield laws g. prior restraint h. press conference i. Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union j. news release

11. The Supreme Court has struck down attempts to give gov’t this power. a. prior restraint c. libel b. shield laws d. equal time doctrine 12. This refers to Web sites that provide gov’t services online. a. e-commerce c. cyber-volunteering b. THOMAS d. e-gov’t 13. Radio, television, and the Internet are examples of a. broadcast media c. print media b. wire services d. public broadcasting 14. This is a major focus of the mass media. a. press conferences b. Congress c. the president d. media events

15. This president was known for his “fireside chats” on the radio. a. JFK c. Ronald Reagan b. FDR d. Bill Clinton 16. The era of television politics began with this president. a. Ronald Reagan c. Richard Nixon b. JFK d. George H.W. Bush 17. This is the protector of the media. a. First Amendment b. libel laws c. FCC d. fairness doctrine

18. False, harmful written statements intended to damage a person’s reputation constitute a. ratings c. the shield laws b. prior restraint d. libel 19. This regulates the electronic media. a. Telecommunications Commission b. First Amendment c. Federal Communications Commission d. Civil Liberties Act

20. This required stations to guarantee airtime to both sides of a controversial issue. a. shield laws c. prior restraint b. fairness doctrine d. equal time doctrine “He was the first great American radio voice. For most Americans of this generation, their first memory of politics would be sitting by a radio hearing that voice, strong, confident, totally at ease…. Most Americans in the previous 160 years had never even seen a President; now almost all of them were hearing him, in their own homes. It was … electrifying.” - David Halberstam, 1980 21. Journalist David Halberstam was referring to President a. George W. Bush c. LBJ b. JFK d. FDR

22. According to the chart, which form of media do most Americans rely on for their news and information? a. Television c. Newspapers b. Radio d. Internet 23. Which age group saw the greatest increase in Internet usage between 1998 & 2001? a. 5 – 9 years old c. 14 – 17 years old b. 10 – 13 years old d. 18 – 24 years old

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 20 Quiz

1. The federal government’s biggest single source of revenue is from a. foreign Aid c. lig business b. loans from banks d. individual income tax 2. Someone’s total income minus certain deductions and personal exemptions is the individual’s a. taxable income c. withholding income b. gross income d. dependent tax 3. During the year, employers set aside a certain amount of money, called _________, from their employees’ wages. a. securities c. withholding b. tax shelter d. dependent tax 4. These are government financial instruments that include bonds, notes, and certificates. a. corporate income taxes c. excise taxes b. securities d. customs duties 5. When the government’s borrowing is greater than its income, it creates a a. national debt c. withholding situation b. gov’t securities’ risk d. national taxable income 6. These are expenditures required by law or resulting from previous budgetary commitments. a. uncontrollables c. securities b. taxable incomes d. social security commitments 7. These are benefits that Congress has provided by law to individuals. a. securities c. uncontrollables b. bonds d. entitlements 8. To raise revenue and pass appropriations is the power of a. the Supreme Court c. Congress b. the people d. the president 9. During this step of the budget-making process, House and Senate committees for the spending and taxing plans set out in the concurrent resolution with existing programs. a. entitlement c. incrementalism b. incontrollable d. reconciliation

10. The idea that the best forecast of this year’s budget is last year’s, plus a little more, is called a. reconciliation c. policy budget-making b. incrementalism d. fiscal year budget-making 11. This concept involves using government spending and taxation to influence the economy. a. reserve requirement c. fiscal policy b. open-market operations d. monetary policy 12. This concept involves controlling the supply of money and credit to influence the economy. a. monetary policy c. fiscal policy b. discount policy d. gross national product policy 13. This is the name of the rate the Fed charges member banks for loans. a. reserve rate c. discount rate b. GNP rate d. securities rate 14. Member banks must leave this with the Fed. a. A Fiscal policy c. a Monetary policy b. Reserve requirement d. Collateral 15. When the Fed buys government bonds and other securities on the open market, it is called a. a Federal monetary policy c. smart fiscal buying b. the GNP d. open-market operations

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 20 Test

Column A
1. 1. tax based on ability to pay 2. Government financial instruments 3. What the nation owes 4. Tax levied on imported goods 5. Taxes on assets when the owner dies 6. How taxes & spending influence the economy 7. Controlling money flow to influence economy 8. Member banks’ Fed rate 9. Fed’s requirement for member banks 10. Fed’s purchase of government securities

Column B
a. Monetary policy b. National debt c. Reserve requirement d. Progressive tax e. Fiscal policy f. Open-market operations g. Securities h. Customs duties i. Discount rate j. Estate tax

11. The chief way the federal government raises revenue is from a. borrowing money c. individual income taxes b. foreign aid d. corporate taxes 12. The IRS checks some tax returns more carefully that others during a. entitlements c. uncontrollables b. discount rates d. audits 13. People us these legal strategies to avoid paying higher taxes. a. tax loopholes c. discount rates b. tax reforms d. tax credits 14. Expenditures required by law or those from previous budgetary commitments are a. uncontrollables c. audits b. incrementalism d. social insurance taxes 15. A 12-month accounting period is called a a. deficit year b. revenue year c. monetary year d. fiscal year

16. These expenditures are benefits Congress has provided to individuals a. fiscal-year costs c. uncontrollables b. entitlements d. audits 17. The power to raise revenue and pass appropriations is the power of a. the president c. Congress b. the people d. the Supreme Court

18. The biggest entitlement program is a. Social Security b. corporate tax

c. tax loopholes d. individual income tax

19. Beginning in the 1930s the United States had an unbalanced budget, or a. fiscal policy c. audit b. monetary policy d. deficit 20. The yearly sum of goods and products produced in a country is called the a. deficit c. uncontrollables b. gross national product d. entitlements

21. Which of the following categories accounts for the largest percentage of federal government spending? a. non-defense discretionary c. Medicare and Medicaid b. national defense d. Social Security 22. How much of the federal government’s revenue is derived from sources other than taxes on people’s income? a. 46% c. 100% b. 38% d. 54% “…shall have the power to lay and collect taxes, imposts and excises, and to pay the debts and provide for the common defense and general welfare of the United States…” - U.S. Constitution, Article I, Section 8 23. To what entity are the powers described in Article I, Section 8 of the U.S. Constitution granted? a. the president c. Congress b. the Supreme Court d. political action committees

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 21 Quiz

1. A system in which the government both supports and regulates private enterprise is a a. monopoly c. laissez-faire economy b. oligopoly d. mixed economy 2. This is not one of the subsidies the federal government gives to business. a. tax incentives c. direct cash payments b. freedom from regulation d. free services 3. When this condition existed, a board of trustees ran several corporations as one giant enterprise. a. trust c. interlocking directorates b. collective bargaining company d. oligopoly 4. This occurs when the same people serve on the boards of directors of competing companies. a. injunction c. trust b. interlocking directorates d. monopoly 5. The practice of negotiating labor contracts is known as a. injunctions c. collective bargaining b. interlocking directorates d. trusts 6. This is not a function of the Department of Agriculture. a. stabilize farm prices c. promote research b. farm the land d. conserve land 7. Under this program Congress establishes a price for a particular crop. a. marketing quotas c. price supports b. price quotas d. acreage allotments 8. This agency enforces regulations that provide the U.S. with clean air and water. a. Forest Service c. Soil Conservation Service b. Clean Air Police d. Environmental Protection Agency 9. EPA programs ordered but not paid for by federal legislation are called a. unfunded mandates c. price supports b. water pollution policies d. marketing quotas 10. As a result of this crisis in 1973-1974, U.S. citizens became aware of ecology. a. energy crisis c. nuclear war b. urban flight d. loss of farm land

11. This is no longer a public assistance program. a. Supplemental Security Income b. Medicare

c. food stamps d. Aid to Families with Dependent Children

12. This program makes a monthly payment to anyone who is 65 or older, blind, or disabled. a. Medicare c. Supplemental Security Income b. food stamp program d. Job Opportunity and Basic Skills program 13. This program is designed to help pay medical bills for people with low incomes. a. JOBS c. food stamp program b. Medicaid d. Supplemental Security Income 14. This program does not promote public health. a. CDC b. JOBS

c. Medicare d. Medicaid

15. This agency is responsible for testing food and drug products. a. FDA c. Medicaid b. JOBS d. SSI 16. This was one of the main powers of the Constitution reserved for the states. a. public housing c. mass transit systems b. public education d. urban renewal 17. A goal of urban renewal policies has been to a. make cities more attractive b. uproot local businesses

c. force poor people from their homes d. build big commercial centers

18. The national government’s first direct entry into transportation began with a. the Ford motor car c. United Airlines b. the National Road d. the Pennsylvania Railroad 19. This agency administers billions of dollars of federal highway programs. a. FAA c. NHS b. OSHA d. FHWA 20. Subways, commuter railroads, and bus lines are part of a. public housing authorities c. mass transit systems b. national highway systems d. urban renewal

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 21 Test

Column A
1. The Jungle 2. regulates the sale of stocks and bonds 3. started the Federal Trade Commission 4. only union members may be hired 5. groups of companies run by trustees 6. crop cost established by Congress 7. EPA responsibilities 8. public assistance program 9. goal of urban renewal 10. subways, buses, and commuter railroads

Column B
a. trust b. closed shop c. make cities more attractive d. Upton Sinclair e. mass transit f. protect the environment g. Securities Exchange Commission h. Clayton Act i. Supplemental Security Income j. price supports

11. This exists when a few firms dominate a particular industry. a. collective bargaining c. oligopoly b. injunction d. trust 12. This is a court order that prevents an action from taking place. a. security c. interlocking directorate b. trust d. injunction 13. The federal government supplies all the following to businesses except a. direct cash payments c. tax incentives b. free services d. freedom from regulations 14. The process of negotiating labor contracts is called a. collective bargaining c. urban renewal b. injunctions d. trusts

15. This is a hands-off approach to the economy. a. trusts b. laissez-faire

c. oligopoly d. monopoly

16. The Department of Agriculture is not responsible for a. promoting research c. farming the land b. conserving the land d. stabilizing farm prices 17. This agency performs market research for farmers. a. Agriculture Marketing Service c. Farmers Home Administration b. Forest Service d. Soil Conservation Service 18. This program helps people who are temporarily out of work. a. JOBS c. unemployment insurance b. SSI d. social insurance 19. This is a health insurance program for low-income families. a. SSI c. Aid to Families with Dependent Children b. Medicaid d. urban renewal programs 20. The Constitution reserved for the states the right to control this area a. public housing c. mass transit b. public health d. public education

21. After two decades of decline, in what decade did union membership rise slightly before falling to an all-time low? a. 1980s c. 1970s b. 1960s d. 1990s

22. Which of the following states has a net farming income ranging between $400 and $700 million? a. Texas c. California b. Washington d. Oklahoma

23. Which country devotes the greatest percentages of its total government spending to social spending? a. Australia c. United Kingdom b. Zimbabwe d. United States “Those who advocate, in their desperation, more government to solve the problems of our society are demonstrably wrong….The solution rests in less–not more–government!”

- Arthur B. Laffer 24. Which of the following political parties holds briefs most similar to that Laffer? a. Democratic Party c. Republican Party b. Green Party d. Progressive Party

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 22 Quiz

1. The U.S. is not confronting this part of the global environment. a. internationalism terrorism c. increased economic competition b. the Cold War d. increased trade competition 2. The strategies and goals that guide a nation’s relations with other countries. a. isolationism c. foreign policy b. internationalism d. national security 3. This country emerged from WW II as the leader of the free nations of the world. a. U.S. c. Great Britain b. France d. Soviet Union 4. This action was taken to halt the spread of communism. a. internationalism c. isolationism b. détente d. containment 5. This is the strategy that means striking first with military force. a. containment c. preemption b. isolationism d. internationalism 6. This person supervises all the diplomatic activities of the U.S. government. a. secretary of defense c. national security adviser b. vice president d. secretary of state 7. The power to declare war belongs to a. the secretary of state b. the national security adviser

c. the secretary of defense d. Congress

8. Instead of requesting a formal declaration of war, presidents have asked Congress for a joint resolution concerning a. U.S. troops c. U.S. treaties b. bipartisan politics d. executive agreements 9. Presidents have used these binding agreements with foreign governments to avoid Senate approval. a. foreign policy agreements c. bipartisan agreements b. executive agreements d. treaties 10. This is not an advantage the president has over Congress in conducting foreign policy. a. leadership c. influence on public opinion b. control of foreign policy agencies d. able to take quick action

11. These people promote U.S. business interests in foreign countries. a. embassy staffers c. ambassadors b. secretary of state d. consuls 12. U.S. immigration laws require nearly all foreign visitors to obtain a a. conscription c. visa b. Foreign Service pass d. National Security pass 13. The commander in chief of the armed forces of the U.S. is the a. president c. Joint Chiefs of Staff b. secretary of state d. secretary of defense 14. During the Civil War, the U.S. first used compulsory military service, or a. sanction c. regional security pact b. conscription d. mutual defense alliance 15. All males when they reach age 18 are required to a. obtain a visa c. obtain a passport b. visit a consulate d. register with the draft board 16. Throughout history, when nations felt a common threat to their security, they negotiated a. multilateral treaties c. bilateral treaties b. mutual defense alliances d. regional security pacts 17. This treaty is concerned with promoting economic development a. Rio Pact c. OAS b. ANZUS d. NATO 18. This is a system where participating nations agree to take joint action against a nation that attacks any one of them. a. sanction c. regional security pact b. collective security d. bilateral treaty 19. The U.S. offers a friendly nation all these benefits except a. economic aid c. military aid b. technical assistance d. votes in U.S. elections 20. This term describes measures such as withholding loans, arms, or economic aid. a. sanctions c. collective security measures b. conscription d. mutual defense measures

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 22 Test

Column A
1. protection against invasion 2. goal of U.S. foreign policy 3. not to be involved in world affairs 4. to be involved in world affairs 5. a diplomatic representative 6. compulsory military service 7. required of 18 years-old males 8. treaty for economic development 9. withholding loans, arms, or economic aid 10. benefits for a friendly nation

Column B
a. ambassador b. national security c. OAS d. conscription e. economic & military aid f. world peace g. sanctions h. isolationism i. internationalism j. draft registration

11. This is not a current foreign policy concern. a. increased economic competition b. internationalism terrorism

c. the Cold War d. increased trade competition

12. Guiding strategies and goals that direct U.S. relations with other countries is its a. foreign policy c. national defense system b. internationalism d. isolationism 13. To halt the spread of communism, the U.S. created this policy. a. internationalism c. isolationism b. preemption d. containment 14. Supervisor of the diplomatic activities of the U.S. is the a. secretary of defense c. consul of the U.S. b. secretary of state d. ambassador of the U.S. 15. The Constitution gives the power to declare war to a. the Joint Chiefs of Staff c. Congress b. the secretary of defense d. the president

16. This office is concerned with U.S. business interests in foreign countries. a. ambassador’s office c. embassy b. Foreign Service office d. consulate 17. The head of the State Department is the a. secretary of state b. president 18. Visitors to the U.S. must obtain a a. conscription order b. visa c. vice president d. Foreign Service officer c. treaty waiver d. government sanction

19. This regional security pact was developed by the U.S. and Western Europe a. Rio Pact c. NATO b. ANZUS d. OAS 20. When the U.S. withholds loans, arms, or economic aid, it is using a. bilateral treaties c. conscription b. collective security d. sanctions

21. What was the approximate total of all military spending in 1980? a. $130,000,000 c. 300,000,000 b. 130,000,000,000 d. 300,000,000,000 22. How much more money did the government spend on procurement than on military construction in 2002? a. 75.9 billion c. 57.1 billion b. 26.5 billion d. 53.9 billion

“The idol of communism, which spread everywhere social strife, animosity and unparalleled brutality, which instilled fear in humanity, has collapsed….I am here to assure you that we will not let it rise again in our land.” - Boris Yeltsin, 1992 23. Boris Yeltsin delivered this address to Congress following the a. attacks on World Trade Center in NYC c. fall of the Soviet Union b. Vietnam War d. signing of the Monroe Doctrine

24. Western Europe received the least amount of U.S. foreign aid. Which statement best explains why this region might have received less aid than the other region? a. U.S. relations with Western Europe are very amicable b. Western Europe is comprised of many developed countries c. Western Europe does not want foreign aid d. Western Europe is comprised of many developing countries “An armed attack by any State against an American State shall be considered as an attack against all the American States, and, consequently, each one of the…contracting parties undertakes to assist in meeting the attack.” - Rio Pact, 1947 25. Which two parties signed this agreement, pledging reciprocity in defense? a. Latin America and U.S. c. Canada and Latin America b. U.S. and Mexico d. U.S. and Canada

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 23 Quiz

1. This is not part of a state constitution. a. establish state agencies b. override the US Constitution

c. establish local gov’t d. regulate the raising and spending money

2. A major reason for the lengthy and detailed state constitutions has to do with a. politics c. initiatives b. constitutional commissions d. constitutional conventions 3. This is not a method for proposing a state amendment. a. state legislatures’ initiative c. constitutional commission’s initiative b. popular initiative d. the governor’s initiative 4. This is a gathering of citizens, usually elected by popular vote, who meet to consider changing or replacing a constitution. a. popular initiative group c. constitutional commission b. grass roots organization d. constitutional convention 5. This is a group of experts appointed to study the state constitution and recommend changes. a. constitutional convention c. constitutional commission b. state initiative appointees d. constitutionalists 6. The number by which the vote of a winning candidate exceeds that of his or her closest opponent is called a. a minority c. a plurality b. an initiative d. a majority 7. This service often is used as a state militia under the governor’s control. a. National Guard c. Marines b. Air Force d. Army 8. This gives a governor the power to turn down one section in a piece of legislation. a. regressive veto c. mandate b. item veto d. plurality 9. This person supervises the legal activities of all state agencies. a. lieutenant governor c. secretary of state b. governor d. attorney general 10. In this type of legal case, the state brings charges against a citizen for violating the law. a. criminal case c. civil case b. judicial court case d. federal court case 11. An organization that supplies such necessities as electricity, gas or telephone service is called a. corporate charter company c. public charter company b. public utility d. grass roots organization

12. This is payment for people unable to work as a result of a job-related injury or ill health a. unemployment compensation c. workers’ compensation b. mandatory compensation d. victim compensation 13. This is a system of fixed, required terms of imprisonment for certain types of crimes. a. shock probation c. house arrest b. shock incarceration d. mandatory sentencing 14. This means that a prisoner serves the rest of his or her sentence in the community under the supervision of an officer. a. parole c. house arrest b. shock probation d. extradition 15. This was designed to show young offenders how terrible prison life could be. a. house arrest c. parole b. shock probation d. shock incarceration 16. Sales tax is this type of tax because it represents a higher percentage of the income of lower income earners. a. regressive tax c. progressive tax b. federal grant tax d. proportional tax 17. A tax that varies with a person’s ability to pay is called a. a regressive tax c. a sales tax b. an excise tax d. a progressive tax 18. A contractual promise on the part of the borrower to repay a loan is a a. mandate c. block grant b. bond d. lottery 19. Revenue distributed by one level of gov’t to another is called a. excise tax c. intergovernmental revenue b. a bond d. a mandate 20. A large grant of money to be used for a general purpose, such a public health is a a. block grant c. categorical-formula grant b. bond d. mandate

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 23 Test

Column A
1. establish types of local gov’t 2. reasons for lengthy constitutions 3. non-criminal legal case 4. experts appointed to change constitution 5. citizens who can change a constitution 6. suppliers of electricity 7. insurance for job-related injuries 8. required imprisonment 9. offenders under supervision 10. to shock young offenders

Column B
a. civil case b. parole c. constitutional convention d. state constitutions e. public utilities f. political lobbying g. shock probation h. constitutional commission i. workers’ compensation j. mandatory sentencing

11. A bicameral state legislature is one that a. has a lieutenant governor b. is one-chambered 12. A unicameral state legislature is one that a. is one-chambered b. has two houses 13. The presiding officer in the lower house is the a. lieutenant governor b. secretary of state 14. The presiding officer of the upper house is the a. secretary of state b. speaker of the house 15. The head of the state executive branch is the a. governor b. secretary of state 16. This is another name for selective sales tax. a. federal aid tax b. excise tax 17. Federal grants are a. individual loans b. given to schools

c. has two houses d. is half Republican & half Demcrat c. is run by the speaker of the house d. is headed by the governor c. speaker of the house d. governor c. governor d. lieutenant governor c. lieutenant governor d. attorney general c. probation tax d. bond tax c. bonds for the community d. grants-in-aid

18. This is a formal order given by a higher authority. a. bond c. mandate c. ratification d. initiative 19. A categorical-formula grant requires a. a block grant b. matching funds c. a corporate charter d. the governor’s signature

20. Many states have these as fund-raisers for education. a. lotteries c. logrolling b. civil cases d. initiatives

21. State constitutions are important because they establish which of the following? a. state’s power to regulate the way the federal gov’t taxes state residents b. political action committees c. different types and powers of local gov’t d. structure of federal gov’t

22. Which of the following is an elected office? a. Human Rights Commissioner b. Board of Regents of State Schools

c. Comptroller d. Banking Commissioner

23. Based on the graph, which state spent slightly more than twice the national average per prisoner in 2001? a. Maine c. Minnesota b. Rhode Island d. Massachusetts

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 24 Quiz

1. These serve as the centerpieces of town government in New England. a. special districts c. county boards b. urban meetings d. town meetings 2. This is a town, borough, city, or urban district with a charter. a. municipality c. special district b. urban meetings d. town meetings 3. The local school district is the most common example of this form of local government. a. township c. special district b. municipality d. county 4. This is required for a municipal government. a. special taxes b. incorporation c. state bonds d. urban renewal

5. This is held to determine whether the people want incorporation. a. mayor’s meeting c. council election b. referendum d. town meeting 6. Densely settle territory adjacent to a city is called a. a suburb c. a metropolitan township b. an urban area d. a special district 7. The most common unit of local government, these are found in every state. a. townships c. municipalities b. special districts d. suburbs 8. Land and buildings are called a. market value property b. assessment property c. personal property d. real property

9. The process of calculating the value of the property to be taxed is called a. personal property process c. real property b. value-added tax d. assessment 10. The amount of money the owner may expect to receive when a property is sold is the a. market value c. personal property value b. expenditure d. taxed assessment 11. Paved streets and sidewalks, pipes, bridges, tunnels, and public buildings make up a city’s a. urban growth c. urban renewal b. revitalization d. infrastructure

12. This moves more people, produces less pollution, and consumes less fuel than cars. a. mass transit c. gentrification b. urban renewal d. airplanes 13. When local governments invest in new facilities to promote economic growth, it is called a. gentrification c. housing discrimination b. revitalization d. suburbanization 14. New people moving into a neighborhood and changing its character is a. urban renewal c. revitalization b. urban growth d. gentrification 15. One way to address urban problems is to reorganize into a a. series of suburbs c. metropolitan government b. more rural region d. township

Mr. Hopsicker

Chapter 24 Test

Column A
1. establishes local gov’ts 2. largest political subdivision of a state 3. governs counties 4. local citizens participate in lawmaking 5. local school district 6. city’s charter 7. land and building regulator 8. displacement changes an area’s character 9. reorganization of city governments 10. selling price of real property

Column B
a. county b. zoning c. New England town meetings d. market value e. incorporation f. state government g. gentrification h. metropolitan gov’t i. county board j. special district

11. These local governments are found mostly in New England and the Midwest. a. townships c. counties b. municipalities d. boroughs 12. To determine whether the people want to incorporate, this event is held. a. council meeting c. referendum b. mayor’s meeting d. town meeting 13. Once a community is incorporated, the state will a. appoint a mayor c. appoint a council b. form a new government d. issue a charter 14. Subways, trains, and buses are forms of a. urban renewal b. gentrification

c. mass transit d. revitalization

15. The responsibility for school policy rests with the a. principal c. zoning board b. school board d. teachers 16. This was a federal government program for housing in cities. a. revitalization c. gentrification b. urban renewal d. metropolitan government bonds

17. This bars discrimination in housing. a. Municipality Renewal Act b. United States Housing Fund

c. Open Housing Act d. Urban Renewal Act

18. This problem often involves alcoholism or mental illness. a. too much money c. new housing b. not enough parks d. homelessness 19. This is associated with homelessness and gangs. a. drug abuse c. infrastructures b. town meetings d. mass transit 20. This often means displacement for people in city neighborhoods a. zoning regulations c. assessments b. gentrification d. the move to metropolitan gov’ts

21. Which state has the most school districts? a. Rhode Island b. Pennsylvania

c. Texas d. Alaska

22. Fiscal dependency of local governments on state governments has increased. What percent increase occurred between 1962 and 2000? a. 1.7 % c. 1.4 % b. 6.1 % d. 0.8 %

23. What elected body is responsible for passing ordinances and controlling funds in a commission form of municipal government? a. city council c. voters b. mayor d. board of commissioners “We plan accordingly to cover it as a crisis, reporting it as aggressively and returning to it as regularly as we did the struggle for civil rights, the war in Vietnam, and the fall of the Nixon presidency.” - Newsweek, 1986 24. To what “war” was Newsweek referring in this 1986 statement? a. War on Terror c. Cold War b. War on Drugs d. War on Poverty

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