COLON CANCER PREVENTION AND EARLY DETECTION by lonyoo

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									COLON CANCER PREVENTION AND EARLY DETECTION
Colon cancer is a significant problem in the United States. Everyone over age 50 is at risk. A family history of colon cancer or colon polyps, along with other types of cancer may predispose to colon cancer. Most cancers of the colon arise from pre-existing polyps, which are benign. Detection and removal of these precancerous polyps allows us to interrupt the polyp-cancer sequence of cancer development.

THE MAJORITY OF COLON CANCERS DETECTED BY SCREENING PROGRAMS ARE CURED.
Most polyps and early cancers of the colon bleed slowly at a rate that cannot be seen by the naked eye. Simple chemical slide tests of the stool can reveal the presence of "occult blood." Regular testing of the stool for the presence of occult blood has been shown to aid in the detection of polyps and potentially curable cancers. This is called the fecal occult blood test. Screening flexible sigmoidoscopy reduces the risk of developing and dying from colon cancer. Screening sigmoidoscopy can detect and remove precancerous growths known as polyps. Often this can be done in the office without surgery or hospitalization. For some individuals, a full examination of the entire colon (colonoscopy) may be necessary.

SCREENING RECOMMENDATIONS FOR COLON CANCER
AGE 40 AGE 50 AGE 50 ANY INDIVIDUAL OVER AGE 40 WITH
OCCULT BLOOD IN THE STOOL

Annual digital examination of the rectum. Annual stool slide test for occult blood. Baseline flexible sigmoidoscopic examination, then repeated every 3-5 years. Complete colonoscopic examination. Complete colonoscopic examination at age 40; this examination should be repeated every 3-5 years.

ANY INDIVIDUAL WITH A FIRST DEGREE
RELATIVE WITH A HISTORY OF COLON POLYPS OR CANCER

FOR MORE INFORMATION OR TO MAKE AN APPOINTMENT CALL: CARL MCDOUGALL, MD, CHIEF, JAMES E. OLSON COLON CANCER DETECTION CENTER 212-891-6555

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