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FLAG CODE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION ILLINOIS CONSTITUTION
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HOW MANY QUESTIONS?
*60 MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
*30 CORRECT TO PASS

*TESTS YOUR KNOWLEDGE, NOT READING COMPREHENSION *RESULTS OF THIS TEST ARE NOT ADDED TO YOUR TOTAL SCORE
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with respect like a living thing  50 Stars, 13 Stripes  Union - blue field FLAG CODE  Union on top and to flag’s own right.
• Speaker’s right, Audience’s left  Flag

 Treat

FLAG: SYMBOL OF NATION

can be hung upside down as a sign of distress or emergency  Flown from sunrise to sunset, unless lighted
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FLAG CODE
to touch the ground  Not to be lowered or “dipped” to any person or thing  Not to be buried with casket  Not to be used for advertising or as part of clothing  Flags of different countries should be same size and same height
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 Not

FLAG CODE (continued)
 Flag

should be destroyed in dignified manner - burned if possible at highest point when other flags are on the same halyard (flagpole) not “LAW” Flag is used contrary to code for patriotic reasons and for protest
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 Flown

 “CODE”

MORE INFORMATION
FLAG EDUCATION & ETIQUETTE  THE FLAG OF THE UNITED STATES  THE BETSY ROSS HOMEPAGE  MULTICULTURAL SITE: NATIVE AMERICAN FLAGS


COLONIES, REVOLUTIONARY WAR
“New World” Settlement: 1600’s and 1700’s  “English” Colonies or “American” colonies  Tradition of self-government  Revolutionary War


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Declaration of Independence:
Part I: American philosophy of gov’t
Purpose of gov’t is to protect the rights of the people  We hold these truths to be self-evident . . .that all men are created equal . . . with certain unalienable rights . . . Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness  Gov’t derives its power from the PEOPLE  Democracy

BIRTH CERTIFICATE OF U.S.

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Declaration of Independence (continued)
2: COLONISTS LIST THEIR GRIEVANCES AGAINST THE ENGLISH GOV’T AND KING GEORGE  PART 3: COLONISTS OFFICIALLY SEPARATE FROM ENGLAND AND BECOME AN INDEPENDENT NATION  AUTHOR: THOMAS JEFFERSON  JULY 4, 1776
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 PART

MORE INFORMATION
USERS GUIDE TO THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE  THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE  FOURTH OF JULY RESOURCE KIT


U.S. CONSTITUTION 1791
Provides

Framework of Government

7

Articles (parts, divisions, sections) plus

27 Amendments (changes or additions)
Replaced

the Articles of Confederation (Original Constitution)

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PREAMBLE (INTRODUCTION) We, the people . . .
GOALS OF THE CONSTITUTION
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2 3 4 5 6

To form a more perfect union To insure domestic tranquility To promote the general welfare To provide for the common defense To establish justice To insure the blessings of liberty
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U.S. GOVERNMENT
3 BRANCHES
ARTICLE I ARTICLE II ARTICLE III

LEGISLATIVE:
CONGRESS
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

EXECUTIVE
PRESIDENT VICE-PRES.

JUDICIAL
SUPREME COURT

SENATE

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
1 OF 2 HOUSES OF CONGRESS

435 MEMBERS: number of representatives from each state is determined by population  TERM: 2 years  QUALIFICATIONS:


>25 years old >US citizen for 7 years >live in the district represented


LEADER


(PRESIDING OFFICER)

SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE
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SENATE
100

state

MEMBERS: 2 elected from every

TERM: 6 years QUALIFICATIONS:


 

30 years old 9 years a citizen live in the state represented
(PRESIDING OFFICER)

LEADER:

U.S.V.P.

or Pres. pro temp
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POWERS OF CONGRESS
17 DELEGATED POWERS:
Things Congress Can Do

LEVY TAXES BORROW MONEY IMMIGRATION COIN & PRINT MONEY POSTAL SERVICE DECLARE WAR PROVIDE ARMY & NAVY PROVIDE & CALL OUT STATE MILITIA

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#18 IMPLIED POWER
 GIVES

CONGRESS: POWER TO MAKE ALL LAWS WHICH ARE NECESSARY AND PROPER FOR CARRYING OUT FUNCTIONS OF GOV’T NAMES FOR THIS POWER NECESSARY & PROPER CLAUSE ELASTIC CLAUSE
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 OTHER

SPECIAL DUTIES OF THE

HOUSE REPRESENTATIVES
OF

 1.

ORIGINATE IMPEACHMENT PROCEEDINGS
IMPEACH : TO ACCUSE AN OFFICIAL OF WRONGDOING.

IMPEACH DOES NOT DETERMINE GUILT OR INNOCENCE  2. ORIGINATE ALL REVENUE AND APPROPRIATION BILLS $$$$
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SPECIAL DUTIES OF SENATE
 1.

ACT AS JURY IN IMPEACHMENT RATIFY TREATIES

 2.

 3.

APPROVE PRESIDENTIAL NOMINATIONS SUCH AS CABINET MEMBERS,
SUPREME COURT JUSTICES, AMBASSADORS

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MAKING LAWS
HOW A BILL BECOMES A LAW



1. BILL IS PROPOSED IN ONE OF THE HOUSES OF
CONGRESS, EITHER HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OR SENATE, UNLESS APPROPRIATION OR REVENUE BILL ($HOUSE OF REP)



2. BILL SENT TO COMMITTEE
REVISION

FOR DISCUSSION AND

3. RETURNS TO ORIGINATING HOUSE FOR VOTE  4. IF PASSED, BILL IS SENT TO OTHER HOUSE

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HOW A BILL BECOMES A LAW
(CONTINUED)



5. WHEN PASSED BY BOTH HOUSES OF CONGRESS, BILL GOES TO PRESIDENT

6. PRES. WILL SIGN IT INTO LAW OR VETO (REJECT)



7. CONGRESS CAN OVERRIDE VETO WITH 2/3 VOTE
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Congress
Congress Home Page  Congress  House of Representatives Home Page  Senate Home Page  Hose of Representatives  Voting Information


ARTICLE II: EXECUTIVE (President & Vice-President)
TO CARRY OUT LAWS  TERM OF OFFICE: 4 YEARS (No more than 2 terms)  QUALIFICATIONS: 35 YEARS OLD NATURAL BORN CITIZEN RESIDENT OF U.S. FOR AT LEAST 14 YEARS
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 DUTY:

POWERS OF PRESIDENT
(EXECUTIVE)

SIGN (APPROVE) BILLS PASSED BY CONGRESS INTO LAW  VETO (REJECT) RETURN BILL TO CONGRESS WITHOUT APPROVAL  COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF ARMED FORCES


CAN TEMPORARILY SEND MILITARY TO SITUATIONS TO PROTECT AMERICAN LIVES OR INTERESTS CANNOT DECLARE WAR, BUT CAN RECOMMEND THAT CONGRESS TO DECLARE WAR
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POWERS OF PRESIDENT
 

(CONTINUED)

SIGN TREATIES WITH APPROVAL OF SENATE MAKE APPOINTMENTS TO GOVERNMENT POSITIONS (CABINET MEMBERS, SUPREME COURT
JUSTICES, AMBASSADORS)
– WITH APPROVAL OF SENATE

 


MAKE RECOMMENDATIONS FOR LAWS TO CONGRESS GIVE STATE-OF-THE-UNION ADDRESS EACH YEAR
AT BEGINNING OF CONGRESSIONAL SESSION

RECEIVE AMBASSADORS & HEADS OF STATES FROM OTHER COUNTRIES

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More Executive Information
WHITE HOUSE  EXECUTIVE BRANCH  PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION  PRESIDENTIAL TRIVIA


ELECTING A PRESIDENT: THE ELECTORAL COLLEGE  Presidential election held in Nov. every 4 years where citizens vote -- popular vote  EACH STATE’S ELECTORS cast all of their state’s electoral votes to the candidate who wins the popular vote  EACH STATE selects electors who pledge to vote for the candidate of their political party  NUMBER of Electoral votes for each state is equal to the total of the state’s number of Representatives in Congress plus the number of its Senators (2)
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ELECTORAL COLLEGE
TOTAL ELECTORAL VOTES  TO WIN, A CANDIDATE MUST RECEIVE 270 VOTES (1 more than 1/2 the total)  IF NO ONE WINS MAJORITY, PRES. IS SELECTED BY HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES
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 538

Extra Electoral College Information
ELECTORAL COLLEGE #1  ELECTORAL COLLEGE #2


Article III: Judicial Branch SUPREME COURT
To interpret the laws  9 SUPREME COURT JUSTICES:
– Appointed by President – Approved by Senate
 DUTY:

LIFE  3 TYPES OF FEDERAL COURTS
SUPREME COURT APPELLATE COURT (court of appeal) DISTRICT COURT (trial court)
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 Term:

JUDICIAL REVIEW
of Supreme Court to determine constitutionality of a law  Judicial review was 1st used in case of Marbury vs. Madison  Brown vs. Board of Education Topeka, KS overturned “separate but equal” (Plessy vs. Ferguson 1896)  Dred Scott decision 1857
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 Power

Supreme Court
Judicial Branch  Supreme Court History  Supreme Court #1  Supreme Court Cases  Supreme Court #2


Article IV: RELATIONSHIP AMONG STATES
CITIZEN RIGHTS: Citizens of each state shall have the same rights and privileges as citizens in other states  EXTRADITION: returning an accused person to the state where the crime was committed  HOW NEW STATES can be admitted the U.S.  REPRESENTATIVE GOVERNMENT is guaranteed in every state

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Article V: AMENDING THE CONSTITUTION
AMENDMENTS are additions or changes to the constitution 1. 2/3 of Senate and 2/3 of House of Representatives PROPOSE an amendment 2. 3/4 of state legislatures ratify the amendment
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Article VI: U.S. CONSTITUTION is SUPREME LAW
 Federal

law takes precedence over state law.

Article VII: Process to ratify the Constitution
 Had

to be approved by 3/4 of states
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27

TOTAL AMENDMENTS

BILL OF RIGHTS: THE 1st 10
 I.

Freedom of SPEECH, PRESS,

RELIGION, ASSEMBLY, and PETITION
 II.  III.
 IV.

Right to bear arms No quartering of soldiers No unreasonable search or seizure
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BILL OF RIGHTS (continued)


V. Due process of law
Writ of Habeas corpus (prevents prisoner from being held without being formally charged) No self-incrimination (“I refuse to answer on the grounds that it may incriminate me”) No double jeopardy: prevents being tried for the same crime more than once EMINENT DOMAIN: the right of government to buy private property for public use

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BILL OF RIGHTS (continued)
 VI. RIGHTS OF THE ACCUSED

– to – to – to – to


have a speedy and public trial hear witnesses against him call witnesses for his defense have expert legal advice (be defended by

a lawyer)

VII. Right to trial by jury  VIII. No excessive bail. No cruel or unusual punishment  IX. People’s rights are protected  X. Reserved Powers
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AMENDMENTS 11-15
The Judicial Power of U.S. does not extend to suits against the state 1795  XII. Changes mode of electing Pres. and V-pres. by electors 1804  XIII. Slavery prohibited (Emancipation Proclamation) 1865  XIV. Citizenship defined 1865  XV Right of certain citizens to vote established 1870
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 XI.

AMENDMENTS 16-20
XVI. Taxes on income 1913  XVII. Changed the method of electing U.S. Senators by electors to the people 1913  XVIII. Prohibition banned the manufacture, sale, or transport of liquor 1920  XIX. Women’s suffrage: right to vote shall not be denied on the basis of sex 1920  XX. “Lame duck” amendment changes the terms of Pres, V-pres, Senators, & Reps. Set time of assembling Congress

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AMENDMENTS 21-27
XXI. Repealed prohibition. Voided XVIII 1933  XXII. Limit number of terms a Pres. may serve to 2. 1951  XXIII. Allowed District of Columbia electors for presidential election 1961  XXIV. Eliminated the use of a poll tax 1964  XXV. V-pres. can assume duties of Pres. when Pres. is unable 1967  XXVI. Voting for 18 year olds 1971  XXVII. No midterm raises for Congress 1992

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IMPORTANT TERMS
Representative government based on people’s vote  Separation of powers to prevent any one person or group from having too much power in government  Checks and balances: methods that allow each of the 3 branches of gov’t to maintain checks on other 2 branches
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 Democracy:

Checks & Balances: Each of the 3 branches of
gov’t has some check over the other 2 Examples

Executive Branch: President – veto – appoint justices & Cabinet heads  Legislative Branch: Congress – power of impeachment – Senate approval needed for appointments made by President  Judicial Branch: Supreme Court – overturn law (unconstitutional)

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EXTRA INFORMATION
    
  

ALL U.S. GOVERNMENT WEBSITES THE HISTORY PLACE ROADMAP TO THE CONSTITUTION WHO WERE THE SIGNERS OF THE CONSTITUTION POLITICAL PARTY INDEX, LINKS VOTE SMART MODERN DAY ISSUES BRITANNICA

Multicultural Political Sites


    

“THE NEGRO AND THE CONSTITUTION” BY MLK PATRIOTS BOSTON MASSACRE CRISPUS ATTUCKS SHIRLEY CHISHOLM HISPANIC POLITICIANS

THIS ENDS THE U.S. CONSTITUTION PORTION OF YOUR GOVERNMENT STUDY