Docstoc

Chapter 12 A NEW NATION _1836-1845_

Document Sample
Chapter 12 A NEW NATION _1836-1845_ Powered By Docstoc
					Chapter 12 A NEW NATION (1836-1845)

TEXAS!
HOLT

Section 1: The Early Republic Section 2: Houston’s First Term Section 3: Lamar’s Presidency Section 4: Houston’s Second Administration
1 HOLT, RINEHART
AND

WINSTON

SECTION 1: The Early Republic

TEXAS!
HOLT

OBJECTIVES
Identify the terms of the Treaties of Velasco and describe how both sides responded. Explain why the election of 1836 was significant.

2

HOLT, RINEHART

AND

WINSTON

SECTION 1: The Early Republic

TEXAS!
HOLT

THE TREATIES OF VELASCO
Public Terms
1. The war between Mexico and Texas was officially ended, 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
3

and Texas was declared independent. Santa Anna would not take up arms against Texas. All Mexican forces would withdraw beyond the Rio Grande. Prisoners would be exchanged. Mexico would return all captured property. Texas leaders would promptly return Santa Anna to Mexico.

HOLT, RINEHART

AND

WINSTON

SECTION 1: The Early Republic

TEXAS!
HOLT

THE TREATIES OF VELASCO
Secret Terms 1. Provided for Santa Anna’s immediate release 2. Santa Anna would try to persuade Mexican leaders to recognize the independence of Texas. 3. Santa Anna would push for the Rio Grande to be Mexico’s border with Texas.
4 HOLT, RINEHART
AND

WINSTON

SECTION 1: The Early Republic

TEXAS!
HOLT

RESPONSE TO THE TREATIES OF VELASCO
Texans Respond: 1. A small force stopped Santa Anna 2. David G. Burnet imprisoned him Mexican Response: 1. Leaders did not recognize treaties or Texas independence
5 HOLT, RINEHART
AND

WINSTON

SECTION 1: The Early Republic

TEXAS!
HOLT

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE ELECTION OF 1836
Elected government officials and Sam Houston became president Approved the Texas Constitution of 1836 Voted to seek U.S. annexation of Texas

6

HOLT, RINEHART

AND

WINSTON

SECTION 2: Houston’s First Term

TEXAS!
HOLT

OBJECTIVES
Identify some actions of the first government of the Republic of Texas. Explain how President Houston’s administration tried to solve problems with the military and the economy. Summarize how President Houston worked to protect the rights of American Indians in Texas.
7 HOLT, RINEHART
AND

WINSTON

SECTION 2: Houston’s First Term

TEXAS!
HOLT

FIRST ACTIONS OF THE NEW GOVERNMENT OF TEXAS
President Houston appointed a cabinet – executive department heads to assist him. Formulated a court system Set the boundaries of the Republic Named Houston the new capital in late 1836
8 HOLT, RINEHART WINSTON

AND

SECTION 2: Houston’s First Term

TEXAS!
HOLT

PRESIDENT HOUSTON’S ATTEMPT TO SOLVE MILITARY PROBLEMS
Removed Huston from command Put all but 600 troops on leave

9

HOLT, RINEHART

AND

WINSTON

SECTION 2: Houston’s First Term

TEXAS!
HOLT

PRESIDENT HOUSTON’S ATTEMPT TO SOLVE ECONOMIC PROBLEMS
Tried to raise revenue through taxes and loans Put public lands up for sale Began a government land policy to increase immigration to help the economy
10 HOLT, RINEHART
AND

WINSTON

SECTION 2: Houston’s First Term

TEXAS!
HOLT

HOUSTON WORKS TO PROTECT TEXAS INDIANS
Houston wanted to avoid a war with Texas Indians and sympathized with them Worked for a peaceful solution Promoted trade with the Indians

11

HOLT, RINEHART

AND

WINSTON

SECTION 3: Lamar’s Presidency

TEXAS!
HOLT

OBJECTIVES
Summarize the steps that the Lamar administration took to address the issue of public education. Identify the problems that Lamar’s administration faced. Analyze how changes in Texas policy led to wars with Texas Indians.
12 HOLT, RINEHART
AND

WINSTON

SECTION 3: Lamar’s Presidency

TEXAS!
HOLT

LAMAR AND EDUCATION
Set aside land for public school by passing education acts in l839 and l840 Set aside land for public universities

13

HOLT, RINEHART

AND

WINSTON

SECTION 3: Lamar’s Presidency

TEXAS!
HOLT

PROBLEMS OF LAMAR’S ADMINISTRATION
Economic hard times Rising debt due to increased military spending & depreciating currency Conflicts with American Indians and settlers

14

HOLT, RINEHART

AND

WINSTON

SECTION 3: Lamar’s Presidency

TEXAS!
HOLT

WARS WITH THE INDIANS
 Lamar wanted American Indians removed from Texas  In 1839 Lamar ordered the Cherokee to leave Texas and sent troops to remove them  Battle of Neches took place in July 1839  March 19, 1840, Council House Fight takes place between Comanche and Texans  August 11, 1840, Battle of Plum Creek resulting in 130 dead Comanche
15 HOLT, RINEHART
AND

WINSTON

SECTION 4: Houston’s Second Administration

TEXAS!
HOLT

OBJECTIVES
Identify the policies that Sam Houston adopted during his second administration. Explain the cause of the RegulatorModerator War.

16

HOLT, RINEHART

AND

WINSTON

SECTION 4: Houston’s Second Administration

TEXAS!
HOLT

POLICIES OF HOUSTON’S SECOND ADMINISTRATION
 Cut government spending in hopes of achieving a balanced budget  Cut government jobs and salaries  Reduced the size of the military and hoped to sell the navy  Issued a new currency and limited its circulation balanced budget – a budget in which spending does not exceed revenue
17 HOLT, RINEHART
AND

WINSTON

SECTION 4: Houston’s Second Administration

TEXAS!
HOLT

CAUSES OF THE REGULATORMODERATOR WAR
Weak law enforcement led to bandits and outlaws moving into Shelby County Feud between Alfred George and Joseph G. Goodbread over fake land certificates Disagreements developed between the Regulators and the Moderators Local officials could not stop the feud
18 HOLT, RINEHART
AND

WINSTON


				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Stats:
views:29
posted:1/29/2010
language:English
pages:18