Michelle Liu

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Michelle Liu

It’s Not Just Keene State; It’s Keene, New Hampshire
January 24, 2006 KEENE, NH – As students become more advanced in their studies and graduate to new levels of schooling, there’s still one thing local teachers of Black History Month agree on – the education is crucial due to the area we live in. Monica Monyo-Tetteh, an Admissions Counselor at Keene State, works closely with the Multicultural Club at Keene State in order to raise awareness about the importance of diversity. Monyo-Tetteh said the celebration of Black History Month was different at Keene State than any other place she had been before. “At the University of Buffalo we had a Black Student Union and I remember in high school it [Black History Month] was on the calendar. The calendar always had a bunch of activities that we [the students] put on with the help of the principal and counselors,” Monyo-Tetteh said. Currently, the diversity activities held at Keene State are brainstormed and presented by Monyo-Tetteh and the Multicultural Club, but Monyo-Tetteh hopes to change this norm so it is mainly the Multicultural Club and students outside the Club holding the bazaars, with her help when needed. Even though planning diversity activities is not stated in Monyo-Tetteh’s contract with the college, her persistence in diversity awareness has led to an increase in the Multicultural Club’s budget. “I wanted to do diversity programming so the school increased the budget from $2,500 to $6,500,” Monyo-Tetteh said. Monyo-Tetteh said another problem with getting the students educated on all the diversity awareness months, is that the budget is just not big enough to accommodate all of them. “Dr.Y [the past President of Keene State] said in his mission statement that his main objective was diversity but when I got here in 2003, the fund was close to nothing. A lot of students love and enjoy the awareness efforts and if diversity is important to them, the budget should be more than it is,” Monyo-Tetteh said. 	 Outside	of	the	college,	Keene	Public	School	teachers	are	also	finding	similar	problems	related	to	Black	 History Month. Ann Ayotte, a second grade teacher at Wheelock Elementary School, said she thinks the teachings of black history are critical because of the lack of diversity in the Keene area. “They [elementary school children] hear about African-American singers and they see them [AfricanAmericans] on TV, but they don’t really get to associate with them. So, it’s good for them to learn about because they’re people, too,” Ayotte said. In an incident where the Keene State men’s basketball team came to visit Wheelock Elementary, Ayotte recalled when a young boy in her class pointed at a tall, African-American player and announced, “It’s Michael Jordan!” “So, all tall, African-Americans must look the same to them [the children],” Ayotte added. 	 Ayotte	said	it	is	difficult	to	get	elementary	students	to	relate	to	racism,	but	the	school	and	teachers	find	 ways to raise the student’s awareness. “Grades 3, 4 and 5 have an activity one of the months where they can only sit in certain places or only drink from certain water fountains, there’s also a monthly assembly when the music teacher sometimes teaches certain songs to the whole school and then they all sing it together,” Ayotte said. Ayotte added that the school gives each grade a different moral quality, such as courage, love, respect, justice and hope, which they have to focus on with their students within that month. 	 “This	month	the	second	grade	had	justice	which	is	a	very	difficult	concept	for	a	second	grader	to	grasp,	 but the class read books about Martin Luther King, Jr. and Rosa Parks and then we discussed what kids can do to help bring justice to the world,” Ayotte said. Sean O’Mara, an eighth grade teacher and Social Studies Department head at Keene Middle School, said he	is	displeased	with	the	idea	of	only	having	one	specified	month	to	celebrate	black	history.		O’Mara	added	that	 he teaches all his students the importance of African-American history because “black history is American history.”

	 “Black	history	should	not	be	confined	into	a	single	month.		The	historical	experience	of	African-Americans is an essential part of all topics, themes, periods, and major events in American history. So, our study of African-American history is ongoing, beginning well before the month of February and continuing through June,” O’Mara said. In order to get his students interested in black history, O’Mara does a number of hands-on learning tactics	including	taking	his	classes	on	field	trips	to	historical	places	in	Keene	and	acting	out	the	historical	event	in	 full, period costumes. Rachael Summi-Leonard, a history teacher and Social Studies Department head at Keene High School, said KHS doesn’t spend a month devoted to black history, but rather the teachers tie it into their curriculums when suitable. “It’s not like the elementary schools where they [the children] celebrate it [black history] for a month and then move onto something else. At a high school level, teachers need to tie in chronological order. So, we cover black history month throughout the whole year when appropriate, and I think the students appreciate this way a great deal,” Summi-Leonard said. Summi-Leonard added that in order for a teacher to instruct his or her class properly, two factors need to be	present:	the	information	must	fit	the	curriculum	and	the	information	must	have	relevance	to	the	class. Summi-Leonard said this year hasn’t been a very ideal year for order at Keene High School because the New Hampshire Social Studies (NHSS) Standards have increased their standards. “January’s a hard month to get initiative to do anything to begin with, but now teachers have to deal with changing their whole curriculum because the NHSS made so many changes and new standards,” Summi-Leonard said. Summi-Leonard also added that she thinks Black History Month is a great time for students in the district because Keene, N.H. is not a very diverse area.

“It’s a good thing to pretend like we’re normal 22 year-olds”
April 4, 2006 KEENE, NH – For this “non-traditional” couple, an engagement ring is all they can promise until their future brings stability. Soaring higher than 6-feet in the air, it’s no wonder he is a well known face on campus. He enjoyed making himself a part in the leadership roles available including being a Resident Assistant for a year, the Music Director of Keene State’s radio station, WKNH, a Student Class Representative, as well as an active Non-Traditional Student on the Student Assembly. She is a goal-oriented student with an unbeatable determination to strive in academics. Graduating this May with a double-major in history and psychology, she is the Vice President of Phi Alpha Theta, Keene State’s History	Honors	Society,	a	member	of	Honors	Council	and	the	Co-President	of	the	Foundation	for	Excellent	 Schools (FES). At one point, she too was a Resident Assistant, but resigned her position when she gave birth to her son, Ethan Skelly. The father of Ethan, Mike Skelly, said having a child has changed his life drastically. The once active student has now been out of school since the beginning of the spring 2006 semester. His life now involves being a father and going to work, and since the main priority right now is for Ethan’s mother, Clare Hegermiller, to finish	school,	Mike	is	the	only	source	of	income. 	 Skelly	said	he	would	have	stayed	in	school	if	his	other	activities,	specifically	being	a	Resident	Assistant,	 did not take up all of his free time. “I didn’t have to but it made more sense for me. I have to raise my baby, I’m a daddy,” Skelly said. 	 Skelly	added	that	plans	for	him	to	finish	school	are	still	“up	in	the	air”,	because	right	now	their	main	 concern	is	money,	which	is	why	Skelly	applied	for	a	position	as	a	police	officer	in	Connecticut. 	 After	experimenting	with	different	jobs,	Skelly	concluded	that	being	an	officer	of	the	law	would	be	the	 most suiting job for him since he was once a RA. 	 “My	experiences	with	being	a	RA	made	me	realize	how	much	I	enjoy	being	able	to	help	people,	and	I	 would be able to do this if I was a cop,” Skelly said. Although Hegermiller gave a long, distressed sigh when asked about Skelly’s future plans to be a police offer, she said she is supportive in whatever he does. Bills that are the basic survival for independent living (such as rent, water, heat and electricity) as well as the cost of investing in a new, much needed car and supplying it with gas are among the top concerns when their Tisdale lease runs out, Skelly said. According to the Keene State website, housing for the Tisdale apartments are “available to matriculated, full-time students with who are married or domestic partners and are 21 years of age.” Tisdale housing is also available for students who have children that live with them. Currently, both families and Traditional Students occupy the apartments. “We looked at other places off campus but in the end living on campus is just the most convenient. We have one bill and that includes everything,” Skelly said. Hegermiller agreed with Skelly, saying that even though she wasn’t thrilled with the idea of raising a child on a college campus, it was the easiest for their situation. The Keene State website states that the Tisdale Apartments cost $2,867 per semester for Traditional Students, whereas for Non-Traditional Students the price can either be $731 or $812 per month, depending on if the residents occupy a one or two bedroom apartment. 	 According	to	Hegermiller,	qualifications	to	be	a	Non-Traditional	Student	can	include	being	over	24,	 married,	or	responsible	for	children.	In	this	couples	situation,	Hegermiller’s	pregnancy	qualified	them. Skelly and Hegermiller are debating what to do and where to go after their lease in the Tisdale apartment runs out in August.

“Neither one of us wants to live with our in-laws, so we’re going to have to come to some kind of compromise. We’ll probably just get an apartment somewhere,” Skelly said. Even though Keene State provides help for students with children in terms of housing, the college does not help the parents out with college daycare costs. The Child Development Center (CDC) at Keene State College, which provides students who want to be teachers	with	a	hands-on	learning	experience,	is	sectioned	into	four	sections:	Infant	Classroom,	Toddler	Classroom, Younger Preschool, and Older Preschool. 	 Mary	Mayshark-Stavely,	director	of	the	CDC,	is	one	of	the	first	to	agree	that	it	is	not	the	cheapest	daycare around. Depending on the age of the child and how many days the child is enrolled into the daycare, the cost can range anywhere from $259 to $644.40 per month. 	 Mayshark-Stavely	says	the	expensive	price	is	due	to	the	high	quality	of	the	daycare. 	 “There’s	no	sliding	fees	or	scholarships	so	it’s	expensive	for	students,	but	we	have	a	very	fine	program	 here. The teachers are remarkable and the daycare provides at least one teacher with a master’s degree to each program,” Mayshark-Stavely said. Mayshark-Stavely added that it’s hard for colleges to offer discounts for their daycare programs because it takes money away from other budgets, but it’s doable. 	 “Many	colleges	are	closing	down	their	daycares	because	they’re	too	expensive	to	run.	Parents	pay	 money but the college also supports us and that’s why we have good programs and salaries. Providing special discounts is going to take a concerted and organized effort with funding,” Mayshark-Stavely said. Although Skelly and Hegermiller are not concerned with daycare at the moment, their concerns right now are the constant noise of our college campus environment, Skelly said. 	 Skelly	added	the	construction	of	Pondside	III	negatively	clashes	with	the	next	door	location	of	the	Tisdale apartments, which forces them to blast Baby Einstein music to drain out the daily construction ruckus. But noise from the neighboring construction is not the only noise the recent parents have been dealing with. According to Skelly, they have been having problems with some students as well. Skelly said one of the neighbors has been creating problems such as smoking outside the baby’s window and being loud when the baby is sleeping. “His [Ethan’s] room is starting to smell like smoke because they smoke outside his window, which I don’t mind if they smoke there when his window is closed but if it’s open they should be more considerate. There were a few times when I had to go out there and ask them to be quiet, too,” Skelly said. Other then these occurrences, Skelly said that he feels raising a child on a college campus is healthy for the child’s social upbringing. “Strangely enough, it’s not a horrible place to bring up a child because the child gets to grow up in society instead of in our home,” Skelly said. 	 Even	though	Hegermiller	did	not	initially	agree	with	Skelly,	she	said	that	after	the	experience	of	raising	 a child on campus, she is glad they did. 	 “Originally	I	definitely	didn’t	want	Ethan	going	into	the	DC	or	Student	Center,	but	now	he	practically	 lives in the Student Center. He’s very popular on campus,” Hegermiller said. Skelly said he’s been happy with the positive and helpful nature of the general student body. According to	the	couple,	finding	a	babysitter	is	never	a	problem. 	 “I	can	think	of	at	least	five	people	right	now	who	would	want	to	baby	sit	Ethan.	Everyone	is	always	so	 willing and helping to baby sit and it’s not just friends, sometimes they’re friends of friends. We’ve even had random people stop us and offer to baby sit. It’s nice because we’ve had the privilege of being selective, but we like to stick to people that we know,” Skelly said. 	 Hegermiller	added	that	they	don’t	have	to	look	for	babysitters,	because	babysitters	always	find	them. “Cashiers, malls, we can be pretty much everywhere,” Hegermiller said. Skelly said he and Hegermiller are very appreciative of their friends because they usually watch Ethan a few times a week. “It’s helpful having people who can help us and get us out of the house. It’s a good thing to pretend like we’re normal 22 year-olds every now and then; keeps us sane,” Skelly said.

added. 	 Even	though	the	couple	enjoys	the	luxury	of	being	selective	with	their	babysitters,	Skelly	said	they’ve	 also been very appreciative of the student’s positive reactions toward Ethan. “We have people to go to and people to come to us, and that’s probably been the single most important factor here,” Skelly said. Yet even though Skelly and Hegermiller enjoy this aspect, Skelly added that one of his newly developed pet peeves is when random students “quiz” him. “It’s always the same questions, what’s his name, when was he born, how big was he; and after so long it just gets repetitive,” Skelly said. Besides the support of fellow students, Skelly and Hegermiller also had support from their parents and teachers. “Our parents were proud we were standing up to the situation. They were really supportive which, without their support, this [Ethan’s birth] probably wouldn’t have happened,” Skelly said. The couple said teachers have also been very supportive of their situation by allowing Clare to bring Ethan to class from time to time when needed, but Clare has only had to bring Ethan to class twice. She added her teachers were very supportive even through her pregnancy. “I had a couple teachers that kept reminding me to get enough rest and then when I did skip class they would help me after,” Hegermiller said. Yet Skelly believes if Ethan wasn’t such a well-behaved baby, raising Ethan would not be as easy as it has been. “Ethan hasn’t been hard to raise. As long as his mind is occupied, he never cries when Clare brings him to class,” Skelly said. 	 The	experience	of	a	new	child	has	been	a	tiring	and	difficult	one	but	not	one	that	he	regrets. “When	she	first	told	me	that	she	was	pregnant,	in	a	way	life	ended	that	day,	but	not	in	a	bad	way.	It	was	sort	of	a	 sobering	experience,	almost	literally,	but	it’s	probably	the	best	thing	that’s	ever	happened	to	me	because	I	had	to	 except	more	responsibility,”	Skelly	said. 	 Skelly	added	that	this	experience	has	been	teaching	him	the	most	about	responsibility. “It’s tough juggling everything with someone else and a baby. It’s a lot more responsibility when you have to watch for more people along the way,” Skelly said. Yet even though having children requires much dedication and responsibility, Skelly said he and Hegermiller are already foreseeing more children in their future.

Laughing Our Way through the World’s Problems
May 2, 2006 KEENE, NH – Laughter is easier said and done then explained and understood. News is a grim topic. Granted, not all news has to be about death or bad misfortune, but would news be looked at the same if it was always coated with sugar? Of course not, there’s no way to sugar coat the death of an infant or the declaration of a war. At least, that’s what most people would think, but where there’s a will, there’s a way, and the will of comedy has sparked a new light into the world of news. According to www.dictionary.com, laughter is “the sound of laughing or the activity of laughing, the manifestation of joy or mirth of scorn”. Yet not all people laugh when they are happy or hear a joke that tickles their funny bone. 	 Media	reports,	scientific	studies	and	those	wellness	seminars	that	teach	people	the	joys	of	laughing	and	 happiness have turned the human race into laughing robotic machines. Do we even know what we’re laughing at anymore? Do we understand the jokes or are we just laughing because we feel like it’s the best thing to do? 	 According	to	R.Morgan	Griffin,	a	writer	for	WebMD,	Robert	R.	Provine,	a	professor	of	psychology	and	 neuroscience at the University of Maryland Baltimore County, most studies of laughter have been small and “problematically conducted”. Provine added that the bias of the researchers is evident, noticeably showing that the	researcher	wants	to	prove	that	laughter	has	benefits. Provin has conducted many studies dealing with laughter, one of which found on WebMD studied the differences between laughs and when they occurred in a conversation. 	 In	order	to	conduct	this	experiment	properly,	Provine	and	some	of	his	graduate	students	listened	in	on	 conversations in public places (unknown to the people they were listening to) and then noted when they heard laughing and what was the cause of it. During this survey of 1,200 “laugh episodes”, Provine found that only 10 to 20 percent of laughs were caused by jokes, whereas 80 to 90 percent of laughs derived from “dull non-witticisms” such as “I’ll see you guys later” and “It was nice meeting you, too”. The cause of these out-of-place laughs is due to evolution, Provine said. 	 Griffin	mentions	that	there	are	two	types	of	laughter,	spontaneous	and	nonspontaneous.	Besides	signifying two different types of laughter, research has found that these two types origin from different parts of the brain as well. The spontaneous laughter comes from the brainstem and is known as the more genuine form of laughter (the kind that comes from jokes). On the other hand, nonspontaneous laughter comes from parts of the brain that developed more recently due to evolution. Nonspontaneous laughter includes fake laughter, nervous laughter and other social laughing that is not connected to humor. So what are we laughing at? When we turn on shows that combine comedy and news, like the Daily Show with Jon Stewart, do most people truly understand what he’s talking about or are we laughing because we know it’s supposed to be funny? In other words, is it spontaneous or nonspontaneous laughter? Perhaps laughter is our way to cope with the horrible reality of life because granted, it’s not always pretty	and	when	those	ugly	times	surface,	the	news	is	the	first	to	get	it. Yet as humorous as it is to watch Jon Stewart make cracks about the faults in the government, the viewer must also take into account that it is in fact ourselves that we are laughing at when we laugh at the people who we elect to represent us. And that’s one piece of news that’s not so funny. Then maybe the real question is, are shows that combine comedy and news helping by making viewers more aware or are they merely a sign of how ignorant our viewing population is? News Editor of the Keene State student newspaper, Katherine Giambruno, said news shows that combine comedy with the news are helpful and humorous to watch but they should not be used as the only source for news. “Those sorts of shows are good if you already know what’s going on, but people should also be looking at other sources, too,” Giambruno said. 	 Giambruno	added	that	the	idea	of	having	humor	and	news	mixed	is	a	good	concept	especially	in	shows	

like The Daily Show with Jon Stewart because they tend to cover a good majority of things such as democrats verse republicans and national verse international. “Having shows that people can easily watch while helping to make them aware of current issues is a good concept,” Giambruno said. 	 Yet	if	these	shows	don’t	provide	the	news	to	the	extent	that	the	viewers	should	be	aware	of,	why	watch	 it? The answer is obvious – to laugh, whether we understand what we’re laughing at or not. Junior Paul Marlow may not take Giambruno’s advice by watching other news sources besides ones that mix	in	some	comedy,	but	he	says	he	aware	that	shows	like	The	Daily	Show	with	Jon	Stewart	are	not	meant	to	be	 a real news source. “The only thing I can watch is Jon Stewart or The Colbert Report because they’ll take real news stories and	real	news	events	and	make	fun	of	them.	To	a	certain	extent,	first	and	foremost	it’s	entertaining	and	not	supposed to be real news,” Marlow said. The popular demand for laughter is noticeable to the President of the Film Society, Dan Ditzler. Ditzler	said	the	Film	Society	gets	the	highest	amount	of	film	requests	for	comedies	and	likewise,	the	comedies	 almost always have the highest turnouts. “Besides the movies that are more Hollywood known, our comedy movies get the higher percentage of turnouts and they’re usually the movies that people vote to show again,” Ditzler said.

A Life Started In Handcuffs
April 10, 2006 KEENE, NH – His life changed from a reckless teenager to a maturing adult the moment he saw red and blue lights circling his house. 	 Slouched	over	in	his	favorite	chair,	circling	his	thumb	over	his	fore	and	middle	finger,	he	stars	into	the	 soot	of	charcoal	as	if	trying	to	piece	together	the	feeling	and	visual	appearance	of	texture.	Yet	in	his	most	artistic	 moments the last thing he’s thinking about is the composition and colors he plans to use. His slumped over body wasn’t	the	kind	you	would	expect	of	an	artist.	Weighing	in	at	less	than	150	pounds,	his	body	lacks	any	kind	of	 gut	or	excessive	fat	giggle.	His	walk	hangs	his	head	down	and	forward	and	his	arms	hang	like	lifeless	noodles	 down his sides, his hands palm-side up, hidden from the world, much like the way he now leads his life. 	 The	soft	charcoal	which	started	in	his	fingers	has	now	moved	to	the	rest	of	his	hand.	At	first	gazing	at	 only his left hand and the charcoal which moved throughout it like an avalanche of snow, he opened his right hand and looked at both as if he was about to open his mind up to a higher level of spirituality, but his eyes remained focused and his body remained slouched in grief. He used to look at his hands think he saw a person of accomplishment with a bright future. There was once a time when he held the title of the fastest 400 meter sprinter in the state, but those feelings of accomplishment betrayed him as well as the people who he once thought would never leave his side when he was in time of need. That time of need occurred on the night of Dec. 11, 2004. The people he thought were his friends weren’t there for him then and they weren’t there for him after either. 	 Besides	having	almost	100	intoxicated	people	sprawled	over	his	house	and	lawn,	most	under	age	like	 himself, Charles “Chip” Duggen had bigger problems to worry about. A surprise visit by more than one police squad ended the party that night as well as a large part of Duggen’s life. That night the police found 26 marijuana plants throughout Duggen’s house, charging him with a Class “A” Felony for manufacturing a controlled substance, which could have landed him a life time sentence in prison	at	its	maximum	penalty. In a last attempt to preserve the innocence of his criminal record, Duggen thought it would be wise to lock the doors and get whatever illegal substances he could out of the house. Unfortunately for Duggen, the effects of alcohol from a long night of drinking impaired his thinking and the only substances he thought to get	out	of	the	house	were	the	four	15	pound	Nitrous	Oxide	“laughing	gas”	tanks	being	used	for	recreation	that	 night. Besides from throwing the four tanks of laughing gas out the window, Duggen also covered the kegs hoping the police wouldn’t want to look for them. 	 The	next	reminisces	of	the	night	were	vague	and	sparse	but	he	clearly	recalled	waking	up	sleeping	in	the	 woods	behind	his	house.	Thinking	the	unexpected	surprise	was	possibly	a	nightmare,	he	stumbled	back	into	his	 house to greet his roommates. There his roommates told Duggen the facts of the night – the bust of the party, the	six	hours	waiting	for	the	police	to	leave,	their	arrests	and	their	parents	bailing	them	out	that	morning,	but	the	 missing appearance of Duggen that night didn’t stop the police from knowing that there was a missing roommate. Knowing that it was only a matter of time before the police found him; Duggen went down to the police station	to	turn	himself	in.	He	said	it	was	the	first	time	in	his	life	that	he	ever	accepted	responsibility	for	his	own	 actions. Duggen referred to this moment in time as his “limital shift” and “psychological threshold.” That night was the last time Duggen has drank alcohol or smoked marijuana, he said. 	 Duggen	also	said	the	first	thing	he	did	after	turning	himself	in	was	call	the	owner	of	the	house,	his	 father. Duggen said he was never close to his father, a teacher of computers and math at his high school, New Found Regional in Bristol, N.H., or mother, a travel agent, but after he was arrested their parent-son relationship bloomed. 	 At	first	Duggen	described	his	father	to	be	“freaking	out”	during	their	conversation,	so	Duggen	was	told	 to	call	back	later.	When	they	talked	later,	Duggen’s	father	calmly	told	him	exactly	what	needed	to	happen. “We	have	to	get	you	a	good	lawyer,	you	need	to	finish	school,	you	need	to	get	good	grades,”	Duggen	recalled	 his father saying to him that night.

The lawyer which his father hired to defend his son was Mark Sisti, a well-known name in the court system due to his active participation in the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws, also known as “NORML”. According to NORML’s website, NORML “supports the right of adults to use marijuana responsibly, whether for medical or personal purposes”. The group also supports the legalization of hemp, a “non-psychoactive marijuana, for industrial use”. Duggen is very appreciative of Sisti’s efforts in his case but above all, he is thankful for his parents and the support they have given him throughout this transitional phase in his life. Duggen added that if it was not for his parents, he probably would have given up on himself. “I would have no reason to do something good with myself. To me, life is about showing your parents how thankful you are for bringing you into the world, but when you do things like this [the party], it’s disrespectful,” Duggen said. Almost a year later, Duggen found himself sitting in front Judge Shannon of the Superior Court, located on	Winter	Street,	pleading	his	case	with	his	attorney.	The	final	verdict	decided	was	three	days	in	jail,	$1,000	fine	 and a misdemeanor on his record. 	 His	sentence	would	have	been	harsher	if	he	had	not	completely	remade	his	life	between	the	time	he	experienced his “limital shift” and his court date. The positive new lifestyle that helped Duggen receive a lighter sentence included more than a friendly smile and community service. During the year waiting for his court appearance, Duggen completely became the opposite of the person he once thought himself to be. Not only did he make internal changes, but he also made external	changes,	completely	changing	his	group	of	friends	and	modifying	his	life’s	path. 	 “The	only	friends	I	had	were	connected	through	drugs.	We	experienced	nothing	else	so	drugs	were	our	 only relation, but now I’m connecting with the friends I have. I feel like I can be myself in front of them which is really what I believe to be a true connection,” Duggen said. 	 Duggen	first	realized	his	poor	connection	with	his	old	friends	when	not	one	of	them	attempted	to	find	 out what happened to him after he was arrested. “The level of caring in the world I was in was not high. I’m sure they assumed I was in jail and that was it,” Duggen said. 	 He	added	that	he	has	not	spoken	to	any	of	his	friends	from	his	past,	with	the	exception	of	three,	since	 the	night	of	his	arrest.	The	three,	who	he	still	keeps	in	contact	with,	are	friends	from	his	hometown,	Alexandria,	 NH. Duggen doesn’t think the friendship bond between the four of them will ever diminish because they have been close friends since “before the drugs”. 	 “They’re	the	people	I	like	to	surround	myself	with.	I	have	very	few	friends	because	I	have	high	expectations,” Duggen said. 	 Yet	Duggen	wouldn’t	be	the	person	he	has	become	today	without	one	friend	specifically	who	took	Duggen under his wing when he needed advising. John Doyle, an artist who originated from Keene but currently works and lives in Boston, Mass., is referred to as more than an advisor, but as a best friend. “I can teach myself everything I need to know but he forced me to have an opinion and be an independent thinker,” Duggen said. The two met at Duggen’s place of work, Athen’s Pizza located on Main Street, and instantly hit it off. “He	had	come	home	to	save	money	for	his	next	project	and	as	an	artist	he	saw	a	lot	of	potential	in	me	because	 that’s what it’s all about. He was attracted to my energy because I was this different kind of form of myself,” Duggen said. 	 The	potential	Doyle	had	seen	in	Duggen	led	to	the	two	working	closely	together	to	create	Doyle’s	next	 project. The project was to create sculptures for the Institution of Contemporary Art (ICA) in order to raise awareness about Lupus. 	 According	to	the	Lupus	site,	Lupus	is	when	the	body	attacks	its	own	cells	and	tissues,	causing	inflammation, pain, and possible organ damage. This disease can make you feel like you’re literally burning from the inside, Duggen said. The project took them about two months to complete and was ready for presentation in April,	about	five	months	after	Duggen	had	arrested.

	 The	project	included	only	three	sculptures	but	needed	550	bags	of	concrete,	all	hand	mixed,	and	each	 weighted	over	ton.	For	Duggen,	this	was	the	first	time	he	had	ever	experienced	himself	as	an	artist. “I need art to make me feel like I’m living. It became a way to deal with life and a way to interpret myself, because art is like a mirror to yourself and where you’re at,” Duggen said. According to Doyle, he knew Duggen would be a good person to work with the day he met him in the kitchen of Athen’s Pizza. 	 “When	I	first	met	Chip	he	was	in	a	sort	of	transformation	state,	facing	prison.	He	really	needed	to	see	 what was important in life other than his mindlessness and immature contemporaries. He has an openness to learn without the ego from keeping him from learning anything,” Doyle said. 	 Even	though	the	first	time	the	two	met	was	working	side-by-side,	it	seemed	to	be	fate	for	them	to	eventually meet since Doyle had been at the party that changed Duggen’s life. Hearing about it through a friend, Doyle and his friend went, not knowing Chip at the moment. Since then, Doyle has been by Duggen’s side, helping him whenever and however he can, including talking in Duggen’s behalf of progress at court besides being there for moral support. “He (Duggen) got a chance to see something real. He went from the boy to man phase during this time, and it enabled him to understand consequences based on actions. Now he really is grateful for his freedoms and mental state because he understands how beautiful the amount of freedom we have is,” Doyle said. 	 After	the	experiences,	Duggen	feels	his	path	in	life	and	understanding	in	himself	has	become	clearer.	 Going	from	an	undeclared	film	major	to	an	individualized	major	combining	studio	art,	philosophy	and	film,	 Duggen now tries to incorporate art into every aspect of his life, the most prominent and memorable being his car. His beat-up Honda Civic, modeled back to the early 90’s, became one of his self portraits and introduction to his senior project about raising awareness about aesthetics. “We get so caught up in what is normal so my car is a way to transcend a normal person,” Duggen said. Even though Duggen loves getting staring looks on the streets, having a car painted an array of neon colors, which he did last summer, doesn’t keep the law enforcements away. Duggen said he’s had a number of breathalyzer tests and even been patted down a good amount due to the loud appearance displayed on his car. There are many symbols on the car that display Duggen’s feelings toward	his	life	including	an	Alchemist,	World	Seal	and	Infinity	symbol.	 “The Alchemist symbol is about purifying yourself and turning it into gold, just like I had my shitty life but	I	turned	it	into	something	beautiful.	The	infinity	symbols	represent	trying	to	transcend	myself	because	that’s	 what life is about – making yourself better,” Duggen said. Even though Duggen can be seen as a new artist, he does not feel he needs artistic tips on the work he does. “I don’t need someone to tell me how to do art, I’ll teach myself art. I need someone to talk to me about philosophies and principles,” Duggen said. It is because of these views that Duggen has selected his advisors, Sander Lee for philosophy, Henry Freedman	for	art	and	Larry	Benaquist	for	film,	carefully	so	that	he	does	not	get	an	advisor	that	tries	to	“preach”	 about his art work. Duggen likes to refer to his art work as a constant perception of himself and hopes that it forces the viewer to ask more questions about their life. “Beauty is a great thing. Even people who worship the devil can be beautiful because we’re people of choice, but our perceptions of people we don’t understand are different because we only know the things within ourselves - outside ourselves we don’t know anything,” Duggen said. In the end, it’s all about perception, Duggen says, as he takes out a smeared piece of paper that once had directions on it. The now wrinkled paper, being left out during a rain shower was now more than half unreadable, with more than one cigarette burn hole present. 	 “This	is	how	life	is,	unclear	and	full	of	holes,	but	we’ll	be	fine,”	Duggen	said	with	a	short	chuckle.

A Frame Is Worth A Thousand Words, Or About 250 Years
February 14, 2006 KEENE, NH – The oldest house in Keene, located at 500 Marlboro St., stands strong and proud as its antique appearances and large plaque easily draw in any curious observer. 	 The	first	settlers	of	Keene,	NH	(then	known	as	Upper	Ashuelot)	arrived	to	their	destination	on	September 1734. Seth Heaton, then 24, was one of seven proprietors to venture this unknown land. When he is evicted in 1747, there will only be two of the seven proprietors left in the area. Upon their arrival, the new land owners get to work to make unclaimed areas their own. By the time 1736 came, Seth Heaton had marked his territory by building a log cabin with a small apple orchard on the back side. Upon looking out his window one morning, Heaton noticed an Indian picking the apples off the trees in his orchard. Heaton pointed a gun at the Indian, and it was the last time he saw Indians taking fruit from his trees. He paid for this action greatly when Indians burnt down his log cabin in 1747, leaving nothing left but ashes and reminisces. With no shelter and the harsh weathers of winter rapidly approaching, Seth Heaton had no other choice than to move back to his home town, Wrentham, MA, due to threat of starvation. His journey back to Wrentham turned out only to be temporary in order to wait out the severity of winter. Heaton returned to New Hampshire in 1750. This time, he built a house and located it across the pathway from where the Indians had burnt down his log cabin. Still standing and in good tact today, this living antique marks the oldest house in Keene, NH. 	 Today,	people	can	find	this	historical	element	at	500	Marlboro	St. The current owner of the house, Jim Bardis, was unable to answer questions due to medications from a recent surgery. His daughter, Linda Nowill, talked about the house’s features in his stead. “The post and beam construction is the most appealing quality about the house; it’s different. The rooms are	really	big	and	the	original	beams	are	still	showing.		The	plank	boards	on	the	floor	are	really	wide	and	the	 slanted ceilings are also really interesting,” Nowill said. Nowill said that the most interesting qualities to the historic house are the interior of the walls and the windows. “Some of the walls still have horse hair instead of sheet rock, and the windows have a wavy, distorted look to them,” Nowill said. Nowill added that even though the house has an antique look and feeling, the inside of the house has been redone in order to keep the house preserved as best as possible. “He’s [Jim Bardis] done regular maintenance, but nothing out of the ordinary,” Nowill said. 	 Bardis	is	the	first	person	to	live	in	the	house	that	is	not	a	descendent	of	Seth	Heaton.		He	bought	the	 house on Sept. 6, 1962 from Lilian Semple, who inherited the house from her grandmother, Ellen Heaton. Between Seth Heaton’s death in 1787 and Ellen Heaton’s inheritance in 1846, two generations of the Heaton family have lived in the house, but rarely in harmony. According to Seth Heaton’s Will, his youngest son, Samuel Heaton, was to inherit the house, all the land and the entire cattle, horse and sheep stock. When Samuel Heaton died in 1830, he left the house to his oldest son, David Heaton. Instead of David Heaton leaving the house to one of his sons, he left it to both. His Will stated that both his sons, Seth III and Samuel II, shall receive “equal undivided shares” as well as being required to support his widow, Ellen Heaton (their step-mother). Both being appointed “equal undivided shares” by their father, the two brothers could not agree on a half point. So, in 1848 a three man committee was appointed by the Probate Court to divide the property between the brothers. The committee decided that the boundary was to be “passing through the centre of the dwelling house”, so that Seth may obtain “the privilege of passing and repassing at any and all times when necessary to and from the cellar and Chamber across the North part of the kitchen.”

This separation of the house lasted until 1856, when Seth III’s widow sold his share to the brother. Today locals will notice the house’s uniqueness by a moderately sized plaque in the front of the house for recognition of the being the oldest house in Keene, NH. The plaque was awarded on November 1906 by the Ashuelot Chapter of Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR). DAR Regent, Bea Record, said it’s an honor to get a plaque because they are not handed out often. “There has to be some sort of historical event that can apply to one of our three missions: historical preservation,	education	and	patriotism.		Giving	out	plaques	is	more	common	when	the	Chapter	is	first	starting,”	 Record said. 	 The	Ashuelot	Chapter	of	DAR	has	been	in	existence	since	May	20,	1896. “DAR started in early 1890, so it’s one of the older Chapters,” Record added. Record also said the society is in the middle of doing projects such as restoring plaques and working to preserve the Cheshire County Courthouse records. 	 “They’re	just	piled	in	the	cellar.		They’re	not	filed,	documented	or	on	acid-free	paper,”	Record	said. Record added that one of the main objectives of DAR is to help preserve the history, which they have been trying to do at the Cheshire County Courthouse for the past three years. “From 1769 to 1900, all the documents have been kept in a non-temperature controlled environment and these records contain information on things like lawsuits, deeds and banks. Our Chapter has donated both time and	money	to	help	get	these	files	in	their	correct	environments,”	Record	said. Record added that societies such as DAR are good for the community because DAR is a well trusted society, and places such as the Courthouse would not want anybody going down into their cellar.

Out With the Old, In With the New
February 2, 2006 KEENE, NH – As the strive to keep the consumers happy and interested continues, new businesses in Keene are finding themselves using indulging, visually unique tactics to lure in the customer. 	 In	less	than	six	months,	three	new	companies	have	made	themselves	neighbors	in	the	Keene	business	 community; two of which have already opened their doors, welcoming the highly-rich amount of walkers to browse their merchandise. If you’ve gone down Main Street in the past couple of months, it’d be hard to miss this brightly colored store that stands out like a rain cloud on a clear day. Going from the traditional grey-stone industrious look, which overpopulates most of the downtown stores, to a fully covered lighter shade of plum purple with a vibrant sun as it’s trademark, Cool Jewels sparks an interest of welcoming curiosity to any passing customer. The unique colors of Cool Jewels does not stop when the customer enters the store though, inside the walls are painted luminous glows of sun yellow and aqua blue, with merchandise in an orderly fashion of clutter. There is not an open space larger than a foot left on the walls, tables, display cases, or clothes’ racks. Manager Carol Dominjue said she’s been involved in Cool Jewels’ visual creations since the owners, George	Russell	and	Barb	Bradford,	decided	to	expand	their	locations	to	Keene,	marking	it	their	sixth	Cool	Jewels. “I helped with painting the outside and decorating the inside. There’s a certain theme to each wall and section and the colors go with those themes. The best quality about the store is the brightness. The colors represent the countries that the merchandise came from. I think the colors also represent the kind of atmosphere that we like to have”, Dominjue said. Cool Jewels, located at 84 Main Street, occupies half of the area where Bannigan’s Bike Shop once resided. The other half of the space is inhabited by Armadillo’s Burritos, which moved from 14 Cypress Street in 2005. Cool Jewels opened their doors to customers in October 2005, right before Keene’s famous annual event, Pumpkin Fest. “We opened the store in time for Pumpkin Fest and we got great business. Since then business has been slow, but I think it’s because of the season since every business is slow right now. It’s just that time of year, but I think people will come back”, Dominjue said. Dominjue said the crowds will return because not only are their representational colors unique, but so is their merchandise since there is no other store like Cool Jewels in Keene. Their merchandise includes a wide range of variations from clothes and jewelry to tables and sculptures. Another store to enter the Keene neighborhood grabs the attention of the consumers with a sneak preview to what could be a taste of sinful elegance. Unbridled Chocolates, which opened their doors on Jan. 28, 2006, is co-owned by Alan Crofut and Maureen Sullivan. Although Crofut and Sullivan have kept Unbridled Chocolates in the wholesale business since the summer of 2004, selling mass amounts of chocolates to different stores located in 23 U.S. states and Canada, the Keene	retail	store	is	the	first	of	its	kind. The store offers chocolate-loving customers a chance to have as much or as little as they want, whenever they	want.		So,	instead	of	being	required	to	buy	a	box	of	truffles	and	then	going	through	the	hassles	of	shipping,	 the customer can go into the Keene store and buy as little as one. Crofut said he knew the store would be successful in Keene due to the mass amount of people who love to walk around Main Street. 	 “It’s	right	in	the	middle	of	a	very	fine	array	of	restaurants	and	there’s	a	lot	of	‘foot	traffic’	from	people	 walking around Keene”, Crofut said. 	 Unbridled	Chocolates,	located	at	36	Central	Square,	moved	into	a	space	where	a	florist	shop,	A	Sympthony	of	Flowers,	once	flourished. 	 The	opening	of	the	store	in	Keene	opens	a	new	chapter	of	experience	for	their	company	and	themselves. “It’s	been	a	lot	of	fun,	hasn’t	been	easy,	but	it’s	been	fun.		We’re	still	learning	from	the	experiences	but	we	do	

know one thing – we know how to make chocolate really well,” Crofut said. The third, and newest, member to the Keene neighborhood is called La Carreta. Locating itself at 222 West	St	Suite	#1,	La	Carreta	specializes	in	Mexican	cuisine.		Currently,	the	restaurant	is	in	the	process	of	remodeling the building that The Rynborn Restaurant and Blues Club once resided. The owners of La Carreta, Juan R. Aguirre and Antonio Aguirre, plan to open April 1, 2006.


				
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