Chapter 1. Introduction Themes in the Study of Life by larryp


									General Biology 1 BIO 112
Chapter 1. Exploring Life OBJECTIVES: 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) Briefly describe unifying themes that pervade the science of biology. Diagram the hierarchy of structural levels in biology. Explain how the properties of life emerge from complex organization. Describe the seven properties associated with life. Describe the basic structure and function of DNA. Distinguish between holism and reductionism. Explain technological breakthroughs contributed to the formulation of the cell theory and our current knowledge of the cell. Distinguish between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Explain what is meant by “form fits function”.

10) Explain the importance of regulatory mechanisms: positive and negative feedback. 11) List and distinguish among the 3 domains of life and the 4 kingdoms of eukaryotic organisms. 12) Briefly describe how Charles Darwin’s ideas contributed to the conceptual framework of biology. 13) Explain the hierarchical classification system and binomial nomenclature for classifying and naming species. 14) Outline the scientific method. 15) Distinguish between qualitative and quantitative data. 16) Distinguish between inductive and deductive reasoning. 17) Explain why hypotheses must be testable and falsifiable but can not be proven true. 18) Explain what is meant by a controlled experiment. Distinguish between control and experimental groups. 19) Distinguish between science and technology; explain how they are interdependent. 20) Explain the difference between a scientific theory and the phrase “Its just a theory”.

Chapter 1: Exploring Life


KEY TERMS Archea emergent property population community ecosystems biome biogenesis atom tissue population model consumer Bacteria holism reductionism prokaryotic eukaryotic taxonomy DNA molecule organ community qualitative data biology evolution natural selection scientific method hypothesis inductive reasoning gene organelle organ system ecosystem quantitative discovery domain control group variable experimental group deductive reasoning scientific theory controlled experiment cell organism biosphere producer inquiry

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