2008 Basketball Rules/Mechanics Examination
Use a number 2 pencil to COMPLETELY fill in the correct answer. To change your answer ERASE COMPLETELY and mark again. Make no extra marks on the answer sheet; they may be picked up as incorrect answers. All questions are either TRUE or FALSE or A or B. Mark blocks (A) or (B) only. The marks should look like the example below: EXAMPLE: [ A ] [B]
FOLLOW THESE INSTRUCTIONS AND PROPERLY MARK YOUR ANSWER SHEET.
FAILURE TO FOLLOW THESE INSTRUCTIONS COULD RESULT IN YOUR TEST BEING IMPROPERLY GRADED.
The division line is considered in the backcourt. There are standards that the Referee should use to determine if a team member will be permitted to wear certain equipment. One of those standards is whether the equipment is dangerous to others.
Only the Referee may determine when a player is apparently unconscious. The use of replay equipment by the officials in making any decision relating to the game is prohibited. A1 is fouled by B1, which is Team B’s 10th team foul. A1, erroneously, is given a one-and-one bonus. The first free throw is missed and A5 secures the rebound. A5 is then fouled by B3. The scorer informs the official that the foul is B3’s fifth and that A1 should have had another free throw previously. RULING: B3 must first be replaced; A1 then shoots the merited free throw with no players on the lane. Then A5 is awarded two free throws with players lined up as after any free throw attempt.
All fouls committed from the time a correctable error is made until it is corrected shall be cancelled.
The timer is responsible for the alternating possession arrow. If there is a discrepancy between scorebooks, the Referee shall accept the record of the official scorebook. B1’s foul on A3 is his fifth foul. Team A is not in the bonus. After the 15-second warning horn, B5 reports to the table for B1 and is beckoned onto the court. A5 then reports to the table to substitute for A3. RULING: The officials should not let A5 enter since he reported to the table after B5 became a player.
B1 is bleeding and a small drop of blood gets on A3’s jersey. RULING: B1 must leave the game, but A3 is only required to leave the game if the amount of blood is considered excessive.
Player, B1, is wearing tights underneath her shorts. The tights extend to her ankles due to a skin infection. The tights are the same color as the pants. RULING: Legal
Prior to administering a free throw, an official notices A3 wearing a legal wristband around his bicep. RULING: A3 must leave the game and cannot re-enter until the next opportunity to substitute.
Hair control devices are subject to the same color restrictions as headbands and wristbands. Headbands and wristbands must be either white, black, or beige and must be the same color for each item and all participants of a team.
A1 ends his dribble and jumps and releases the ball on a try for goal. B1 partially blocks the shot, but A1 secures control of the ball in the air, returns to the floor, dribbles to the basket and scores. RULING: Legal
A1 releases the ball for a jump shot and is in the air when he is fouled by B2, attempting to block the shot. A1’s try is successful. RULING: Since A1 is an airborne shooter when the ball was released, award one free throw. Team A is awarded an alternating-possession throw-in. A1’s throw-in pass is illegally kicked by B2. RULING: Team A is awarded a throw-in at the designated spot nearest to where the violation occurred. The arrow remains with Team A for the next alternating-possession throw-in.
A1 is shooting the second free-throw of a two-shot foul. The ball bounces several times on the ring before coming to rest on the flange. RULING: Violation on Team A. Award the ball to Team B for a designated spot throw-in on the end line.
The alternating-possession arrow is initially set when the ball is secured by a player after the jump ball is tapped. The home team’s head coach is the game management if there is no designated school representative.
21. 22. 23.
Continuous motion applies to a foul or violation by the defense, not the offense. Dribbler, A1, remains in player control during an interrupted dribble. A dribble ends when the ball touches or is touched by an opponent and causes the dribbler to lose control.
A1 is driving for a lay-up when B1 puts his hand on the ball while A1 is airborne. A1 is able to pull the ball away and continue the try. The official inadvertently blows his whistle while A1 is airborne, but before he releases the ball on the try. A1 then releases the ball and scores. RULING: Cancel the basket since the ball was dead when the official blew his whistle. Give an alternating possession throw-in to the team with the AP arrow.
During a throw-in by A1, A2 is whistled for an illegal screen against B2. Team B is in the bonus. RULING: B2 is awarded a one-and-one free throw opportunity.
The point of interruption is the method of resuming play due to an inadvertent whistle. A try for goal remains in control of the team whose player last had control until the try is either successful or unsuccessful. During the second quarter, Team A’s head coach receives an indirect technical foul and loses his coaching box privileges. In the third quarter, the head coach jumps up and down within the bench area in reaction to a dunk by A3. RULING: Direct technical foul on the Team A head coach.
The head coach is responsible for the conduct of all bench personnel. A closely guarded situation exists when the guard and an opponent are within 6 feet of each other.
A player extends her hip and leg into the path of an opponent who is dribbling the ball and contact occurs. RULING: Player control foul.
During rebounding action, A1 secures the loose ball while on the floor. B1 lands on A1 in an attempt to secure the ball. RULING: Incidental contact on B1.
When screening a stationary opponent from behind, the screen may be anything short of contact. A1 passed the ball to A2, who is straddling the division line. A2 picks up her foot which is in the backcourt. RULING: A2 is still considered to have backcourt status.
Playing time for a varsity game may be reduced by mutual agreement of the opposing coaches only.
The length of each extra period in a varsity contest is four minutes. Once the ball becomes live in an extra period, the overtime period will be played even though a correction in score is made resulting in a score that put one team ahead at the end of the fourth quarter.
On a jump ball, the clock starts when the tapped ball is touched by one of the non-jumpers.
A1 is intentionally fouled with one second remaining in the game, with the score tied. Team B calls a timeout to “ice” the free thrower. A1 misses the first free-throw. Then Team B requests another time out. RULING: Team B’s request should be denied since this is considered successive time-outs. The official accidentally grants Team B’s request for a time-out while a player of Team A has player control. RULING: Allow the time-out for Team B. Once the time-out is granted, it cannot be revoked.
Unused time-outs from regulation may be used in any overtime period. A1 is fouled in the act of shooting but the time expires before A1 releases the ball. A1 continues the motion and scores. RULING: Count the basket and award A1 one free throw.
The ball becomes live on a throw-in when the ball is placed at the disposal of the thrower. If there are multiple free throws for a personal foul, the ball becomes dead if the last free throw is unsuccessful.
The resumption of play procedure is only in effect following a charged time-out. Opponents of the free-thrower may never occupy the second marked lane spaces above the neutral-zone marks.
The two free-throw lane spaces closest to the end line remain vacant during a free-throw. A1’s throw-in is batted by B1 and hits A1, who is still out of bounds, before hitting the floor or any other object. RULING: A1 is considered to have caused the ball to go out of bounds.
It is a violation if A1 dribbles, fumbles, and dribbles again. Non-jumpers, A3, A4 and A5 have taken adjacent positions around the center restraining circle. Before the Referee is ready to toss the ball., B2 desires a position between A3 and A4. RULING: B2 has a right to that position.
All jump ball restrictions end when the tapped ball touches the floor. B1 has the ball behind the 3-point arc and passes the ball to B5 for a potential dunk. The ball passes through the goal directly without touching B5. RULING: Score two points for Team B since the throw is not considered a try. A1 is holding a live ball in the frontcourt. A1’s pass to A2 sails over the head of A2 into the backcourt. A3 recovers the ball in the lane area. RULING: Team B’s throw-in spot is at the free throw lane line extended. Immediately after A3’s made basket, Team A’s coach is assessed a technical foul. After Team B attempts the two free throws, the Team B throw-in will be at the division line opposite the scorer’s table.
A team must start with 5 players, but may continue with fewer than 5 if one or more players are injured or disqualified.
A1, while airborne, catches a bounce pass, lands on his right foot, then jumps and lands simultaneously on both feet. RULING: Traveling violation on A1.
A1 attempts to catch the ball while running rapidly. A1 muffs the ball, but succeeds in securing it before it strikes the floor. A1 then begins a dribble, taking several steps between the time the ball was first touched until it is caught. RULING: Legal
Team A has control of the ball for nine seconds in the backcourt. A3 throws a bounce pass to teammate, A5. The ball touches the frontcourt before the 10-second count ends, but A5 does not catch the pass until after the 10-second count ended. RULING: 10-second violation on Team A. A1’s throw-in from the backcourt hits A2, who is in the frontcourt, and rebounds to the backcourt where A1 is the first to touch the ball. RULING: Backcourt violation on A1.
Restrictions on players in marked lane spaces apply until the ball leaves the free-thrower’s hands.
Any free throw violation by the defense causes the ball to become dead immediately. A simultaneous violation is called if an offensive player occupies the first lane space above the neutral zone marks during a free throw. Excessively swinging of a player’s arms or elbows without making contact is a technical foul. A1 is reaching down to pick up a loose ball and accidentally kicks the ball. RULING: Kicking violation by A1.
Team B breaks the huddle prior to the second warning horn following a time-out. Team B is back on the court, however the team managers are cleaning up water from the floor after the second warning horn has sounded, delaying the re-start of the game. RULING: Team B is charged with a team warning for delay.
A1 has been in the lane area beneath his basket for two seconds when he receives a pass from a teammate. A1 dribbles the ball twice, stops his dribble and then attempts a short jump shot. A1 remains in the lane for an additional two seconds after he received the pass. RULING: Threesecond violation on A1.
A1 drives for a breakaway lay-up when B1 intentionally fouls A1. A1 releases the ball and the try is successful. RULING: Score two points for Team A, award A1 one free throw , and award Team A the ball for a throw-in at the spot nearest the foul.
All flagrant fouls result in the disqualification of the offender. Multiple fouls are committed against a single opponent at approximately the same time.
A1 is fouled in the act of shooting a successful field goal. Prior to the free throw ending, A2 fouls B5 during rebounding action. RULING: This is an example of a false double foul.
71. 72. 73.
It is legal to accidentally hit the hand of an opponent when it is in contact with the ball. Continuously placing a hand on the opposing player while guarding is considered incidental. A1 and B1 are attempting to recover a loose ball when B1 accidentally bumps A1 from behind causing A1 to lose her balance. RULING: Incidental contact.
The ball becomes dead immediately when airborne shooter, A1, commits a player-control foul. A1 is dribbling the ball in the frontcourt when A2 sets an illegal screen against B2. Team B is in the bonus. RULING: Team control foul; award Team B a throw-in at the designated spot nearest where the foul occurred.
It is permissible to change a designated starter if he/she is injured in pre-game warm-ups. It is a technical foul if a player leaves the confines of the bench when a fight breaks out or it appears that a fight might break out.
If a player is charged with a flagrant technical foul for fighting, the player is disqualified and an indirect technical foul is charged to the head coach.
A1 is driving to the basket and releases the ball on a lay-up. Defender, B1, attempts to block the shot, but misses and slaps the backboard. RULING: Legal, since it was an attempt to block the shot.
Use of profanity by a player is an unsporting act. A2 receives a warning for a violation of the throw-in boundary line plane in the second quarter. In the fourth quarter, A5 violates the throw-in boundary line plane. RULING: A technical foul is charged to A5.
A team may use video replay equipment at halftime to review first half action. After being ejected, the head coach must leave the vicinity of the bench, but may sit in the stands.
A double personal foul involves only personal fouls and two or more opponents. Team A does not break the huddle after the 2nd horn for a 60-second timeout. The official puts the ball down at the designated spot and begins the 5-second count. The administering official is between 4 and 5 seconds on the count when B1 reaches over the boundary and grabs the ball. RULING: Delay of game warning on Team B, no technical foul should be assessed. During normal play in the frontcourt, the center official’s position should normally be in line with the free throw line extended.
Strong side is determined by the location of the Lead official.
The Lead official should always be positioned outside the thrower – between the sideline and thrower - for all frontcourt end line throw-ins.
The areas of responsibility for a 3-point try between the Trail and Center officials, is equally divided.
90. 91. 92. 93. 94.
The Lead official shall signal the clock to start after a missed free throw. There is no switch on a foul in the backcourt going to the frontcourt with no free throws involved. In certain situations, the Lead official may administer throw-in on the sideline. Rotations occur during a dead-ball situation following a violation or foul. A switch refers to a live-ball situation whereby the location of the ball keys a change in coverage for the officials.
During a live ball situation, all three officials have areas of responsibilities for fouls and violations within the free-throw lane.
U2 is responsible for the position and action of the non-jumpers. Following the jump ball, the trail official has the primary responsibility for checking that the arrow is properly set at the table. It is optional to give the player’s jersey number with two hands when reporting a foul to the scorer’s table.
On free throws, the Center official is responsible for violations in all the lane spaces on the opposite lane line.
100. At the warning horn for time-outs and intermission, the officials should step toward the team huddle and notify the bench that the first horn has sounded.