City of London Police by pte15377

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									       DETECTIVE INSPECTOR
          DOUG REEMAN

POCA – LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSPECTIVE

           11th April 2006
PROCEEDS OF CRIME ACT
        2002

     POLICE POWERS –
THEIR IMPACT ON THE MLRO
  Economic Crime Department

              Fraud Squad

          Serious Fraud Office


Financial Investigation Unit
       Cheque & Credit Card Unit

  Dedicated Cheque & Plastic Crime Unit
•   SUSPICIOUS ACTIVITY REPORTING
•   CONFIDENTIALITY v DISCLOSURE
•   CONSENT REGIME
•   INVESTIGATION POWERS
•   TYPOLOGIES
•   RISKS
   SERIOUS ORGANISED CRIME AGENCY
               UK FIU
• DEDICATED CONSENT TEAMS

• WORKING IN CLOSE PARTNERSHIP WITH LAW
  ENFORCEMENT TEAMS

• MONEYWEB - INTELLIGENCE LED

• PARTNERSHIPS – TRAINING & WORKSHOPS

• SECTOR LIAISON

• CHANGES - APRIL 2006 (Work in progress)
• Disclosure – criminal and civil proceedings
• Fairness
• Test - Undermine case or assist the defence
• Each case is examined on its own merits
• Identity of reporting source v defendant’s
  right to a fair trial
• Confidentiality - Procedure - Home Office
  Circular – 53/2005
CONSENT REGIME
COMPUTER
 SAYS NO
• SQUIRRELL LTD and Nat West and HM
  Customs & Excise
• N2J and ACE TELECOM v Cater Allen
• Operational problems
• Communication
• Agreement
• Transparency
 SQUIRRELL LTD v NAT WEST
• Suspected – no evidence
• ‘Nat West - not an investigative criminal
  authority – no expertise or obligation to
  investigate’
• Nat West - position unimpeachable
• HMRC – Intervened
• Questions unanswered – suspicion test
N2J and ACE TELECOM v Cater Allen
• Claimant sought disclosure
• Cater Allen relied on contractual arrangements
• HMRC refusal – natural consequence of Cater
  Allen’s suspicion
• External check and balances introduced in relation
  to nature of suspicion
• ‘Powerful public policy reasons to permit
  investigation’
• Pre-advised transactions – Sec 327
• Arrangements – Sec 328
• Timing
• Engagement & Transparency
• Disclosures - Post-event management &
  monitoring
• Record of investigation and decision making
  process
• Review
• What are you seeking consent to do?
• SENIOR MLRO – DEPUTY –
  TEAMWORK - FIREWALLS
• SOCA – UK FIU
• LEA – FINANCIAL INVESTIGATION
  UNIT
• FINANCIAL INVESTIGATOR
• FINANCIAL INTELLIGENCE OFFICER
           APPROPRIATE CONSENT
               CASE STUDY
•   Nominated Officer - Consent – Section 336
•   Strict liability offence
•   Early liaison – legal & law enforcement
•   Don’t panic
•   Timing – important
•   Clear and targeted reporting
•   Tipping off – careful consideration
INVESTIGATION POWERS
•   POCA 2002
•   MONEY LAUNDERING INVESTIGATION
•   CONFISCATION INVESTIGATION
•   CIVIL RECOVERY (ARA)
•   POLICE & CRIMINAL EVIDENCE ACT 1984
•   DRUG TRAFFICKING ACT 1994
•   TERRORISM ACT 2000 & ATCSA 2001
•   HMRC POWERS
•   SERIOUS ORGANISED CRIME & POLICE ACT 2005
•   SFO – SECTION 2 POWERS
•   DTI
•   Customer Information Order
•   Production Order
•   Account Monitoring Order
•   Search & Seizure warrant
•   Disclosure Orders (SFO, ARA, SOCA)
•   PACE ORDER
•   Restraint Order
          LEGAL ORDERS
• POLICY & STANDARD OPERATING
  PROCEDURES - PUBLISH
• Liaison – pre and post application
• Timescales - agree
• Legality – material
• Witness statements & Exhibits – Who?
• Managing orders – Who?
• Witnesses – production or factual
• Evidence – quality of material
      IDENTITY FRAUD & IDENTITY
               TAKEOVER
•   PASSPORTS
•   BIRTH CERTIFICATES
•   DRIVING LICENCES
•   UTILITY BILLS
•   BANK AND CREDIT CARD
    STATEMENTS
•   FALSE REFERENCES
       INTERNAL DANGERS
• INSIDE AGENTS
• VULNERABLE STAFF - LOW WAGE
  EARNERS
• TARGET PROFILE - 18 to 25 years - male or
  female
• ORGANISED
• OPPORTUNIST
• PAYMENT SYSTEMS
• BY-PASS KYC & KYB
    CASH BUSINESS – RISK AREAS
• RESTAURANTS AND TAKEAWAYS
• PUBLIC HOUSE/NIGHT CLUB
• BEAUTY PARLOURS – SUN TANNING & NAIL
  BARS
• SUPERMARKETS
• MONEY LENDERS
• CHEQUE CHANGERS
• MONEY SERVICE BUREAU
• ALTERNATIVE REMITTANCE SYSTEMS
      CASH SEIZURE POWERS

•   £5,000.00
•   CIVIL PROCEDURE
•   PARALLEL INVESTIGATION
•   HUGELY SUCCESSFUL
ROBERTO CALVI
DETECTIVE INSPECTOR
   DOUG REEMAN
    020 7601 2846
 doug.reeman@city-of-london.pnn.police.uk

								
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