SPECTRUM VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE AND STATE UNIVERSITY http://www.spectrum.vt.edu VOLUME 25 NUMBER 37 FRIDAY, JULY 25, 2003
Stallings named Virginia Cooperative Extension associate director Vet Med researcher
By Charlie Stott provided leadership for many state, regional, usable software for dairy producers and
Charles Stallings, dairy science national and international efforts,” Umberger consultants and an emphasis on forage quality. gets $1-million
professor at Virginia Tech, has been selected added. “We look forward to his strong leadership He also initiated a Feed and Nutritional
as associate director of Virginia Cooperative
Extension (VCE) for agriculture and natural-
for our agriculture and natural-resource
Management Cow College short course that has
attracted participants from five states. In 2001,
Army vaccine grant
resource programs, according to VCE Stallings, who will assume his new position the course served as a satellite downlink site for By Jeffrey S. Douglas
Director Steve Umberger. September 1, has been involved in Extension’s release of new National Research Council’s A bacteriologist in the Virginia-
Stallings has been a member of Virginia dairy programs since 1981 and has been providing Nutrient Requirements of Dairy Cattle. Maryland Regional College of Veterinary
Tech’s faculty since 1979 and for the past leadership for those programs for the past 12 Stallings has produced 28 Extension Medicine has been awarded a $1.06-million
12 years has been project leader for years. publications, 18 refereed journal articles, more grant from the U.S. Army to develop a vaccine
Extension’s dairy-science programs. He also He said that one of his goals in his new than 165 articles in popular newsletters and for tularemia.
has been director of the Virginia Tech Forage position will be “to help build our system back trade magazines, more than 60 papers and Thomas J. Inzana, the Tyler J. and Francis
Lab since 1991 and served as interim after the budget cuts we have endured in recent presentations at conferences and conventions F. Young professor of bacteriology, along
department head of the dairy-science years. The agents in the field and our specialists and 20 articles in conference proceedings. with his research team in the college’s Center
department from 2000-2001. are at the heart of the system that serves the He was awarded the Alumni Extension for Molecular Medicine and Infectious
“Charlie Stallings brings years of agriculture and natural-resource industries. Excellence Award in 2002 and has been a Diseases have begun a four-year program
leadership and experience to this position,” “My role will be to bring in good new member of the Extension Team Award winner designed to develop a vaccine and diagnostic
Umberger said. “We are fortunate to have people, as we can, and to help our existing in 1992 and 2001. Stallings has made more test for tularemia, which is commonly known
someone with his knowledge of and faculty members, here and in the field, to develop than 30 international trips to 16 countries to as “rabbit fever.” The etiologic agent of
dedication to Extension’s educational and deliver strong programs.” present information on dairy-cattle nutrition. tularemia is Francisella tularensis, which the
programs and to the agriculture and natural- Stallings’ own programs have been He received his bachelor’s degree from Centers For Disease Control (CDC) in Atlanta
resource industries that we serve. characterized by the use of emerging Eastern Kentucky University and his master’s classifies as a Category A bioterrorism agent.
“He has been an outstanding performer technologies, such as on-farm computers for and Ph.D. from Michigan State University. Tularemia is an infection characterized
in his department and the university and has ration formulation, computer feeding programs, by ulcers, swollen glands, fever, and flu-like
symptoms. The organism can spread through
the blood and lymphatic systems to infect the
respiratory tract, where it can cause more
Extension Director’s serious health problems. Pneumonic tularemia
may have about a 30-percent mortality rate,
Statement on Fighting according to Inzana.
Incident at 4-H Camp While not uncommon in wildlife
By Steven H. Umberger, throughout the United States, Inzana says, it
Virginia Cooperative Extension director is a relatively rare disease in people. Only
Virginia Cooperative Extension about 100-200 cases of tularemia in humans
regrets the fighting incident that has now are reported every year, Inzana said. The
been confirmed to have taken place at the bacteria are transmitted to humans and animals
by ticks and biting flies, or can be ingested by
Smith Mountain Lake 4-H Educational
wildlife from drinking water. Humans are
Center during the week of June 30 to July
also infected through minor cuts or abrasions
4. We want to thank Franklin County
in the hands by handling infected animals.
Sheriff Quint Overton and his staff for
The military is concerned about F.
their professional, prompt and thorough tularensis because of its heartiness and its
investigation of this incident. virulence. Whereas about 10,000 Bacillus
For more than 100 years, 4-H has anthracis (anthrax) spores are required to
been helping young people develop into (See VET MED on 4)
good citizens. Consequently, we do not
condone or tolerate the poor judgment (J. McCormick)
The new Park, Walk, and Talk community-policing program created by the Virginia Tech
and the inexcusable behavior on the part
of those individuals who were involved in Police Department is putting more officers on the campus. (R. Griffiths) University
this deplorable event.
Once informed of the fighting, we
immediately initiated several steps to
enhance the care and safety of 4-H
Police Department implements licensing royalties
The Virginia Tech Licensing and Trade-
campers. We also launched an internal
review of camp security and camper ‘Park, Walk, and Talk Program’ mark Department has announced that it had a
record year for the sales of Virginia Tech
supervision. In addition, we have looked By Ada Hatzios Baudo said people usually only interact
for ways that current policies and Expect to see a lot more police officers on with the police when something bad happens,
For the fiscal year 2002-03, a total of
guidelines can be further refined to prevent campus—but for a good reason. A new program but that their job involves more than the criminal
$833,902.00 in royalties was collected from
this from happening again. created by the Virginia Tech Police Department aspect.
almost 500 licensees manufacturing Virginia
Our six 4-H centers are all accredited is putting more officers patrolling the campus “We want to let people know that we’re
Tech products. The previous record of
by the American Camping Association, a and visiting university faculty and staff mem- there to enforce laws and regulations of the state
$758,255.00 was paid in the fiscal year 2000-
national organization which provides bers and students in the buildings. The “Park, and the university, but we’re also there to pro-
01. Over the past five years licensing revenue
rigorous safety standards that govern every Walk, and Talk Program” is a community-po- vide a service,” he said.
has gone from $251,178.00 to $833,902.00.
licing program founded by Captain Robert The “Park, Walk and Talk Program” is an
aspect of camp staffing, programming Virginia Tech students receive financial
Baudo. addition to the police department’s “Adopt-A-
and operations. Virginia has one of the aid benefit, as the majority of the licensing
“The purpose of the program is really to Hall Program,” where police officers are as-
largest 4-H camping programs in the revenue goes to the university general-schol-
interact with the community so they can become signed to residence halls in an attempt to in-
country with more than 26,000 participants arship fund.
comfortable with us and we can understand their crease communications and build trust between
These licensing revenues represent an 8-
(See EXTENSION on 2) concerns,” Baudo said. students and the Police Department.
(See POLICE on 4) (See UNIVERSITY on 2)
2 SPECTRUM FRIDAY, JULY 25, 2003
EVENTS Thursday, 31
Library System Demonstrations, 8:30 a.m., Torgersen
“With Good Reason,” 7:30 p.m., WVTF.
Friday Night Out Concert Series, 6 p.m., Henderson Hall Museum: VTLS.
lawn: Summer Musical Enterprises, excerpts of The King and I. Thursday, 7
Friday, 1 Classes End.
Monday, 28 Pay Date for Faculty and Staff Members.
Library System Demonstrations, 8:30 a.m., Torgersen Friday, 8
Hall Museum: Dynix. Monday, 4 Exams Begin.
Virginia Tech Police Department Assessment Public-
Wednesday, 30 Information Session, 6:30 p.m., DBHCC.
“With Good Reason,” 7:30 p.m., WVTF.
McNair Scholars VTPD scheduled for on-site assessment meeting
Program Research The Virginia Tech Police Department is employees and members of the community are ability to comply with CALEA’s standards. A
Symposium set scheduled for an on-site assessment as part of a
program to achieve accreditation by verifying it
invited to offer comments at a public-informa-
tion session Monday, Aug. 4 at 6:30 p.m. The
copy of the standards is available at the Virginia
Tech Police Department from Lieutenant Debbi
The Virginia Tech McNair Scholars Pro-
meets professional standards. session will be conducted at the Donaldson Morgan or Denise Linkenhoker at 1-6411.
gram will hold it’s Fourth Annual Summer
Administered by the Commission on Ac- Brown Hotel and Convention Center. Those who wish to submit written com-
Research Symposium on Saturday, July 26 at
creditation for Law Enforcement Agencies, Inc. Agency employees and the public are also ments about the Virginia Tech Police
8:30 a.m. in Donaldson Brown Hotel and Con-
(CALEA), the accreditation program requires invited to offer comments by calling 1-9686 on Department’s ability to comply with the stan-
ference Center rooms D and E.
agencies to comply with state-of-the-art stan- August 4 between the hours of 1 and 5 p.m. dards for accreditation should send them to the
The symposium showcases the work of 13
dards in four basic areas: policy and proce- Comments will be taken by the assessment team. Commission on Accreditation for Law En-
undergraduates who have been engaged in a 10-
dures, administration, operations, and support Telephone comments as well as appear- forcement, Inc. (CALEA), 10302 Eaton Place,
week research experience with Virginia Tech
services. ances at the public-information session are lim- Ste. 100, Fairfax, Virginia, 22030-2215.
faculty members as a part of their participation
As part of the on-site assessment, agency ited to 10 minutes and must address the agency’s
in the McNair Scholars Program.
Students will present their research orally
to the campus community and will represent a
variety of disciplines including psychology,
architecture, animal and poultry science, for- Troy named new VMRCVM department head
estry, human development, math, plant pathol- By Jeffrey S. Douglas Veterinary Teaching Hospital in 1987 and served opportunity.”
ogy, physical and weed sciences, and urban Gregory C. Troy has been named head of in that capacity until 1993. He also served as Troy earned his DVM, with honors, from
affairs and planning. the Virginia-Maryland Regional College of acting hospital director from 1996-97 and as Auburn University, and an M.S. degree in
Contact Sonja Crockett (email@example.com; Veterinary Medicine’s Department of Small small animal section chief in the VTH from internal medicine from Texas A&M University.
1-4133) for more information. Animal Clinical Sciences (DSACS). 1996-2001. He has served as acting head of He served on the faculty at Texas A&M from
With 25 tenure-track professors, four DSACS since March 2003. 1979 until 1987.
Weight-loss clinical instructors and 18 residents and interns, “I am delighted to welcome Dr. Troy back Troy is a diplomate of the American
DSACS is home to the veterinary specialists to the college’s administrative team at this
study needs who provide clinical care for dogs, cats and time,” VMRCVM Dean Peter Eyre said. “I
College of Veterinary Internal Medicine
(ACVIM). He has successfully mentored more
female participants other pets in the college’s Veterinary Teaching
know that his outstanding professional record
and his exceptional personal characteristics will
than 70 interns and residents. He is the author of
50 major refereed journal articles, nine book
Researchers in the Department of Human Troy, a professor and internal medicine help to move the department and the college chapters and numerous abstracts, conference
Nutrition Foods and Exercise are looking for specialist, was recruited to direct the college’s forward at this time of challenge and papers, and continuing-education documents.
women who are 32-45 years of age, interested
in losing weight and are willing to follow a 12-
week weight-loss intervention.
The benefits for the participant include EXTENSION A task force of individuals both internal program assistant, or master 4-H volunteer of
participating in a supervised weight-loss Continued from 1 and external to Virginia Cooperative Extension the same gender as the respective lodge to
program, free bone scan (measures bone mineral attending camps annually. This is the first time is being finalized and will meet in early August immediately deal with any disruptive behavior.
density and determines osteoporosis risk); since 4-H camping began in 1917 that an to review this incident as well as all camping Historically, the camp security staff’s major
analysis of bone turnover rate, measurement of incident such as this has occurred. policies and procedures affecting camp security responsibility has been to prevent unauthorized
body composition, cholesterol and lipid profile, During the week the fighting occurred, and camper safety. persons from entering camp property at night
and measurement of oxidative stress markers. there were 22 adult volunteers and Extension The following instructions were and to keep young people in their lodges after
The study begins in late August. Researchers staff members and 50 teen counselor volunteers communicated to all 4-H camps to be used for lights out. They have now been directed to take
will be screening for eligible participants for from Bedford and Halifax counties as well as the remainder of the summer camping program: a proactive role in immediately reporting and
the next four weeks. permanent summer camp staff members who We reaffirmed that a paid staff person acting on any questionable behavior.
Differences between the Atkins diet plan were on the grounds at all times. Extension (Extension agent or program assistant) or an This incident has certainly raised the
and traditional diet recommended by the agents, who accompanied the campers, and a adult who has completed the Master 4-H Camp awareness of all individuals responsible for 4-H
American Heart Association will also be paid night watchman patrolled the lodges and Director Training Program, will be on site during camper supervision on the importance of closely
assessed in this study. grounds at different times during the late the entire camping session. adhering to all policies and guidelines set forth
For more information, contact Mary Dean evening and nights. We anticipate that the to ensure the safety of all campers. Based on the
The paid staff person, or master 4-H camp
Coleman by either e-mail (preferred) at result of this investigation will provide insight findings and recommendations of the task force
director, will make nightly checks on all lodges
firstname.lastname@example.org, or call 1-7387. that will meet in early August, further
into how this fighting went undetected given during the camping session with a heightened
the checks and balances and the multiple layers level of vigilance between the hours of 10 p.m. refinements to our 4-H camping policies will be
UNIVERSITY of supervision that are built into the current to midnight, and at other times as deemed implemented if needed.
Continued from 1 system. appropriate. Virginia’s 4-H camping program has been
percent royalty that is paid on the wholesale To date, Virginia Cooperative Extension All camp counselors, camp programming in existence since 1917. Please rest assured that
cost of the goods by the manufacturers. It is has taken the following actions: staff members, night security, and volunteers Virginia Cooperative Extension will take all
estimated that over $20 million worth of Hokie The teen and adult counselors who were are to be at a heightened level of awareness steps necessary to provide a safe, wholesome,
products was sold at retail last year. implicated in the fighting were immediately regarding any complaints of misconduct and educational, and enjoyable environment for all
“We are really excited with these figures suspended as 4-H volunteers and barred from immediately report any incidents to the future 4-H camp participants.
and glad that we can help some students pay all 4-H activities until completion of the appropriate Extension agent.
for their college education,” said Locke White, investigation. All 4-H center staff members hired
director of licensing. “With the programs we As of July 15, funds were earmarked and specifically for camp security are to report any
have in the works and another successful foot- allocated to all six 4-H centers to be used to and all unusual activities or disturbances
ball season, we expect to go over a million enhance camp security. occurring in a lodge to an Extension agent, 4-H
dollars in licensing revenue.”
FRIDAY, JULY 25, 2003 SPECTRUM 3
On-line class redesigned to make use of interactive teaching tools
To meet a growing need for current the Institute for Distance and Distributed Learn- bers now that the new multimedia, highly inter- any Virginia Tech student records.
health-care education, and to help further the ing (IDDL). To view, visit www.iddl.vt.edu/ active class has been activated. “This is a cut- Links provided on the course web site
university’s strategic plan “to increase the courses/DSHC001/. ting-edge program unique to Virginia Tech. It include the Virginia Tech’s Women’s Center,
variety of pedagogical experiences for Vir- Originally, a class on contraceptive issues will serve as a model to other institutions of as well as health information and organization
ginia Tech students” (Undergraduate Educa- offered two-to-three times per week was taught higher education,” Thompson said. sites offering information on general health
tion 2.3), the on-line class, “Women’s Repro- by a staff member in a traditional classroom. The course’s modular structure facilitates topics. SHC also provides a library of on-line
ductive Health Issues and Contraceptive Students wanted more convenience and accessi- a learning process in which one unit building publications with topics that cover everything
Choices,” has been redesigned to make use of bility, so a slide-show was placed on line in 2000. upon the next. Self assessments provide stu- from the common cold to HIV testing.
interactive teaching-and-learning tools and The number of students served more than doubled dents with the opportunity to evaluate knowl- Student feedback gathered through a pilot
methodology in multimedia presentation. in the first year alone. edge gained throughout the course. According testing phase of the project helped to pinpoint
The class resulted from collaboration SHC Health Education Director Beth to the site’s privacy statement, all information improvements that will ensure high satisfaction
between Schiffert Health Center (SHC) and Thompson anticipates another increase in num- remains completely confidential and not tied to with the content and delivery of the new class.
Reynolds Homestead joins Outreach, International Affairs as part of Southside initiative
By Susan B. Felker By adding the Reynolds Homestead to County as well as adjacent communities,” The forestry program at the Reynolds
A new reporting structure for the Tech’s Southside outreach initiative, the Franklin said. Homestead, which will remain a part of the
Reynolds Homestead, Virginia Tech’s university will strengthen its presence in the “Integrating the Virginia Tech Southside Virginia Agricultural Experiment Station
continuing-education center in Patrick region stretching from Southside into the Blue regional effort through this administrative (VAES) program, ties into the high-value crops
County, will link the historic facility to the Ridge Mountains and serve these communities realignment will enable us to build upon existing initiative and biotechnology research effort
university’s programs in the Southside and more effectively. excellent programs to enhance arts and that will soon begin in Danville. The Virginia
southern Piedmont areas of Virginia, “The Reynolds Homestead is a wonderful humanities offerings through regional Tech Agricultural Research and Extension
providing additional opportunities for the asset to Virginia Tech and to the region. The collaboration. As these relationships develop, Centers throughout the state are a part of VAES.
university to serve the region. cultural programs offered there are important, Reynolds Homestead is the logical focal point The Reynolds Homestead compound,
Effective July 1, the director of the and the facility is a great resource for Patrick for leadership and coordination,” Franklin said. (See HOMESTEAD on 4)
homestead reports to Timothy W. Franklin,
director of university outreach programs for
Southside. The change, which places the EMPLOYMENT
homestead within the university’s Outreach
The following classified positions are Powerline Worker, 006524F, PB3, Facili- Operating Room Technician, 008144M,
and International Affairs, is part of a strategic
currently available. Position details, specific ties. PB2, CVM.
initiative to consolidate administration of application procedures/position-closing Personnel Assistant, U008154M, PB2,
Pre-prep Supervisor, 000394H, PB2, Stu-
the university’s programs that serve the dates may be found on Personnel Services CVM.
public. web site http://www.ps.vt.edu. Positions are Program Support Technician, 007216B, Radiologic Technologist, 008141M, PB4,
“Centered around the historic 1843 also listed on the Job Line, a 24-hour re- PB3, CEOAA. CVM.
birthplace of tobacco manufacturer R.J. corded message service. For information on Research Specialist, 008137C, PB3, Research Specialist, 007449C, PB3,
Reynolds, the Virginia Tech Reynolds all job listings, call 1-5300. Some positions CSES. VSREC.
Homestead center offers a rich variety of include state benefits. Positions with num- Small Animal ICU Technician, 008095C, Student Services Assistant, U008151M,
cultural programs, continuing-education bers beginning with “W” are hourly and do PB4, VTH. PB2, CVM.
courses, and the Forest Resource Research not include state benefits. Individuals with Sous Chef, 002946H, PB3, Student Pro- Switchboard Supervisor, 008150M, PB2,
Facility. These programs complement the disabilities desiring assistance or accommo- grams. CVM.
science and technology programs that will dation in the application process should call PART TIME Wildlife Worker, 006643B, PB2, Biology.
be available through the Institute for by the application deadline. Closing date for Academic Captionist/Transcriber,
Advanced Learning and Research (IALR) in advertised positions is 1 p.m. Monday. An
EO/AA employer committed to diversity.
W022898J, PB3, SSD. FACULTY POSITIONS
Danville, already part of Outreach and Administrative Assistant, W023527K,
International Affairs,” University Provost PB2, VBI. INSTRUCTIONAL
Department of Finance, Assistant Pro-
and Vice President for Academic Affairs
Mark McNamee said in announcing the re-
CLASSIFIED POSITIONS Animal Care Technician, W020556C,
PB2, CVM. fessor. Contact: Search Committee (0221).
Animal Care Technician A, W022563C, NON-INSTRUCTIONAL
assignment. FULL TIME
PB1, VTH. Office of Undergraduate Academic Af-
First Baker, 000996H, PB2, Student Pro-
Housekeeping Worker, W023573G, PB1, fairs, College of Liberal Arts and Human
Physical Plant. Sciences, Academic and Career Advi-
Administrative Assistant, 006326S, PB3,
Lab Technician, W023572C, PB3, FST. sor/Recruiter. Contact: Valerie Giddings,
Night Auditor/Front Desk Clerk, (0426).
Administrative Assistant, 002390J, PB3,
W023257G, PB2, DBHCC. Virginia Bioinformatics Institute.
VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE
Office Services Aide, W023574G, PB1, Metabolics Specialist. Contact: Debi Darnell,
AND STATE INIVERSITY
Assistant Manager Senior, 000514H, PB3,
Spectrum, a faculty-staff tabloid, is published each Friday Risk Management. (0477).
during the academic year, with the exception of certain Parking Enforcement Officer, 020415S, Virginia Bioinformatics Institute. Molecu-
holidays, exam weeks, and the summer. Copy deadline is Budget Analyst Senior, 002075S, PB5, BFP.
PB2, Parking Services. lar/ and Protein Biologist Research As-
noon Friday. No advertising is accepted. Capital Budget Manager, 007995S, PB5,
Spectrum is a non-profit publication of the Office of Radiologic Technologist, W022238M, sociate. Contact: Debi Darnell, (0477).
University Relations: Lawrence G. Hincker, associate
PB3, Schiffert Center. Virginia Bioinformatics Institute. Molecu-
vice president for University Relations; Jean Elliott, direc- Computer Operations Technician Senior,
tor of news and information. Switchboard Operator, W020821M, PB2, lar and Protein Biologist Postdoctoral
001054Y, PB3, Test Scoring.
VTH. Associate. Contact: Debi Darnell, (0477).
Editor Computing Support Professional,
UNIVERSITY ONLY Biochemistry Department, Research As-
John Ashby, 1-6961 006872Y, PB4, UCS.
Administrative Assistant, U002682J, sociate. Contact: Katherine Phillips,
Customer Service Analyst, 007088F, PB3,
News Bureau Manager
PB3, Center for Gerontology. email@example.com.
Sherri Box, 1-8508 University Bursar.
OFF CAMPUS Department of Psychology, Research
Development Associate, 002226S, PB3,
Production Manager Administrative Assistant/Volunteer Ser- Associate. Contact: Robert Stephens,
Melinda Shaver, 1-8524 University Development.
vices Assistant, 008155M, PB2, CVM. firstname.lastname@example.org.
Housekeeping Leader Senior, 000102H,
Business Manager Animal Care Assistant, 008147M, PB1, VCE. Extension Agent, Animal Science.
PB1, Student Programs.
Paula Vaught, 1-6333
CVM. Louisa County. Contact: Steve Umberger,
Housekeeping Worker, P002005C, PB1,
Web/Editorial Assistant Animal Care Technician, 008143M, PB2, (0437).
Sherri Songer, 1-2522 CVM. VCE. Extension Agent, Agriculture/Natu-
In-vehicle Experimenter, 008050J, PB4,
Assistant Controller, CCCCCC, PB 0, ral Resources. Cumberland County. Con-
Letters to the editor and questions for "Ask Spec- VTTI.
trum" should be addressed to the editor, 102 Media VTF. tact: Steve Umberger, (0437).
Laboratory Specialist, 007860C, PB3, CVM.
Building, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061.
Grounds And Maintenance Worker, VCE. Extension Agent, 4-H Development.
Electronic Spectrum: http://www.spectrum.vt.edu Licensed Practical Nurse, 000354J, PB3,
Virginia Tech does not discriminate against employ- 008149M, PB2, CVM. Lunenburg County. Contact: Robert Ray
ees, students, or applicants on the basis of race, color, Isolation Nursing Supervisor, 008153M, Meadows, (0437).
gender, sexual orientation, disability, age, veteran sta- Medical Technologist, 002651C, PB4, VTH.
PB3, CVM. VCE. Extension Agent, Agriculture/Natu-
tus, national origin, religion, or political affiliation. Any- Plumber Steamfitter, 001606F, PB3, Physi-
one having questions concerning discrimination or ac- Laboratory Specialist, 008152M, PB3, ral Resources Albemarle County. Con-
cessibility regarding the programs described in this
CVM. tact: Steve Umberger, (0437).
newspaper should contact the Equal Opportunity Affir- Power Plant Operator Shift Supervisor,
mative Action Office: 540-231-7500 (v), 540-231-9460 000335F, PB3, Power Plant. Nursing Shift Supervisor, 002996M, PB2,
4 SPECTRUM FRIDAY, JULY 25, 2003
IN OTHER NEWS
Researchers lead at aquaculture symposium New electronic Agency recognizes
By Lynn Davis
If the world wants to continue eating fish,
College of Natural Resources.
“Aquaculture has been the fastest-growing
publication on line geosciences
the future pools of supply will need to come component of any sector of agriculture produc- in August research
from aquacultured products. Virginia Tech tion for the last quarter century, and its growth By Susan Trulove
continues to be a leader in the development of shows no sign of slowing,” Craig, associate pro- HokiE-News, an electronic publication Professor of Geological Sciences Michael
technologies needed to deliver safe foods cul- fessor at the College of Veterinary Medicine, featuring news and features, Achievers and Hochella Jr. and his former doctoral student
tured in healthy environments. said. “Aquaculture production has become of Newsmakers, a university events calendar, links Steven Lower, now a faculty member at the
At the World Aquaculture Society (WAS), increasing importance to the domestic economy to clips about Virginia Tech in the news, and
University of Maryland, have received an award
meeting held recently in Louisville, Kentucky, more will be available on-line August 29.
as the only means of offsetting an imbalance of for Most Outstanding Research from a Univer-
Virginia Tech Aquaculture Center and CFAST The electronic publication will be
trade in seafood products, which presently stands sity at a Department of Energy Symposium on
(Commercial Fish and Shellfish Technologies) produced by University Relations for faculty
at $5 billion annually.” Geosciences at Argonne National Labs.
and staff members, alumni and friends of
staff members organized and moderated spe- McLean said, “Virginia is an important Virginia Tech. “Because an electronic The award is given every two or three
cial sessions in yellow-perch culture, aquacul- player in the national aquaculture scene with total publication is not confined to the amount of years, at the meetings of the groups from across
ture disease and developments in marine flat- sales of around $25 million in 2002. In addition space available in a newspaper or a publishing the United States which are doing geosciences
fish technologies. to being one of the country’s most important date, it offers far more immediacy and
Virginia Tech researchers and students— research funded by the DOE Office of Basic
producers of tilapia, clams, and softshell crabs, flexibility,” University Relations News and
representing the strongest research presence at Energy Sciences.
the state is the seventh-largest producer of trout. Information Director Jean Elliott said.
the world-wide annual conference, gave over Virginia, which also supplies oysters, scallops, The award recognized work by Lower,
HokiE-News will be updated regularly
14 scientific presentations. As a result of the catfish and hybrid striped bass to regional mar- Hochella, and the other students and post docs
throughout the week, Elliott said, and will have
university’s high profile at the WAS meeting, kets, has recently examined the possibility of the ability to use photos, graphics, and video. A in the Nanogeoscience and Technology Labo-
Alltech Inc., one of the world’s fastest-growing producing other marine and freshwater species campus-wide survey will also be distributed to ratory at Virginia Tech on bacteria-mineral in-
animal-feed-additive companies, commis- using intensive aquaculture methods.” gather suggestions which will be used to tailor teractions. Discoveries were published in Sci-
sioned Ewen McLean, director of the With increasing concerns over traceability the electronic news service to the needs of the ence two years ago. Potential applications, such
university’s Aquaculture Center, and Steven and food security and safety, aquaculture repre- university community. as measurement and control of various metals in
Craig, head of the center’s nutrition group, to sents the only means of safeguarding our aquatic- This fall, Spectrum will continue its current soil and water, are being reported by Hochella’s
assist in developing a special session on aquac- based food supply. The Aquaculture Center is bi-weekly publication schedule. In the off- students at such meetings as the American
ulture for the 19th Annual Symposium on Bio- currently investigating the fresh-water fish spe- week for Spectrum publication, an e-mail will Chemical Society, Geological Society of
technology in the Feed Industry. “Our research cies, yellow perch and tilapia and the marine fish, be sent to the campus community to notify America, and the American Geophysical Union.
not only has important ramifications to the summer flounder, southern flounder and cobia. them of the updated HokiE-News site.
Robert Bodnar, university distinguished
aquaculture industry but also has significant There are plans to expand species diversity housed The change in presentation follows an
extensive review of the university’s national professor of geological sciences, told the Min-
implications for the development of oral drug at the center with pompano, Atlantic sturgeon
benchmark institutions as defined by SCHEV eralogical Society of America when Hochella
carrier systems for other animals and humans,” and marine shrimp later this year.
and in-state colleges and universities. “HokiE- received the Dana Medal last year, “Mike and
said McLean, who is a fisheries professor in the
News is designed to be a greatly expanded his students have become the world leaders in
source of news and other important scanning force microscopy studies of mineral-
ing is the center for a series of concerts, exhibits,
HOMESTEAD plays, discussions, lectures, and celebrations. The
information,” Elliott said. “We hope that with surface geochemistry. (Their) first principle
Continued from 3 input from the university community it will quantum chemical calculations are providing
Forest Resources Research Center was created in become a vital part of our information-delivery valuable and unexpected insights into fluid-
more than 700 acres just outside the town of 1969 to study forest biology including genetics, system.”
Critz, is the birthplace and boyhood home of mineral interactions at the molecular scale.”
physiology, and soils. The Reynolds Homestead
tobacco manufacturer R.J. Reynolds. A regis- web site is at http://www.cis.vt.edu/ within it.
tered state and national landmark, it is open for reynolds_homestead/. The Forest Resources
VET MED While scientists do not yet know much
tours from May through October and at other Continued from 1
Center’s web site is http://arecs.vaes.vt.edu/ about the biology of the organism, they do
times by appointment. The conference build- arec.cfm?webname=critz. cause disease, only about 10 F. tularensis cells know that it has a capsule-like substance on its
are required to cause disease, according to surface. Inzana, who recently developed and
Inzana. The organism could conceivably be
POLICE aerosolized and used as a bioterrorism agent at
patented a vaccine for swine pleuropneumonia
Continued from 1 by mutating the DNA required for capsule
home or abroad; hence, the military interest. A synthesis by Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae,
This idea is taken one step further with the World Health Organization Committee and selecting for a non-capsulated vaccine strain,
“Park, Walk and Talk Program,” where patrol estimated that aerosol dispersal of 50 kilograms plans to apply his expertise in bacterial
officers are assigned to a “zone,” a portion of nity-policing program with the NYPD, but says of virulent F. tularensis over a city of five carbohydrate antigens to the new vaccine and
the university campus containing two to three it is still a fairly new program in police work, million people would result in 250,000 diagnostic test development program.
academic or administrative buildings. During having begun in the early mid-1980s. inhabitants becoming seriously infected, His research team will isolate and
their shifts, the officers are assigned to patrol- “Once you get out of the car and move including 19,000 deaths. characterize both the capsule and the outer
ling the campus and at certain times during around, you get to know people,” Baudo said. “It One aspect of F. tularensis that makes it membrane proteins that enable the organism to
their patrol hours they will work in their zones. becomes easier to do our job when we know the dangerous is its ability to resist host defenses, survive inside the macrophage. The key to
The officers will park their cars, walk around community we’re sworn to protect and serve.” Inzana said. Unlike many bacteria, F. tularensis creating an effective vaccine will be their ability
the zone area and go inside the buildings to visit Baudo said he hopes that having regular has the ability to survive inside some of the to identify and stimulate the production of
with the people inside. This provides an oppor- contact with police officers will make people front-line defenders of the body’s immune proteins that stimulate T-cells of the cellular
tunity for the officers to better understand and feel more comfortable in relaying any concerns system. As phagocytic cells such as immune system. It is hoped that antibodies to
get to know the university community, Baudo or questions they have to the police. macrophages rush to attack and consume the the capsule will help to clear the bacteria that
said. Approximately 24-25 patrol officers par- He said he is hopeful that this program will invading pathogens, F. tularensis actually uses are not yet in phagocytic cells, and that T cells
ticipate in the “Park, Walk and Talk” program, be a positive asset to the department’s police the macrophage as a home and multiplies of the cellular immune system will kill the cells
he said. The Police Department has also ac- work and will be a benefit for the university
harboring the bacteria.
quired seven new recruits from the academy, community.
In another aspect of the project, Inzana is
who will be working in the “Park, Walk and “To do our jobs right, we need to be out
working with Anbo Wang and Kirstie Cooper
Talk” program, he said. there in the community.”
in the College of Engineering’s Center for
The campus is divided into 24 zones, with
Photonics Technology on a project that will
two or three academic or administrative build-
develop photonic-based bio-sensors to detect
ings per zone, Baudo said. The main campus
the F. tularensis capsule or DNA in the field.
has 18 zones, with the north end divided into
Ultimately, that research could lead to the
odd numbers and the south end divided into
development of rapid pathogen sensing
even numbers, and the Corporate Research
biosensors that could detect multiple pathogens
Center, Virginia Tech Airport and barns com-
on the battlefield.
prise the other six zones. Each officer will
Inzana is a noted molecular microbiologist
patrol a minimum of two, probably three, zones
who has generated $4 million in extramural
during his or her shift, he said.
funding and been awarded three patents for
Police work tends to be more reactive
intellectual properties arising out of research
rather than proactive, Baudo said, and this
that has led to the development of vaccines for
program aims to create a more proactive ap-
economically important agricultural diseases.
proach to policing. Baudo has 30 years of
A former director of the Center for
experience as a police officer, having worked
Molecular Medicine and Infectious Diseases,
20 of those years with the New York City
Inzana also serves as director of Clinical
Police Department and then retired before
Microbiology in the Veterinary Teaching
moving to Blacksburg. He worked in a commu-