How to Prevent the Spread

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					How to Prevent the Spread
              of the New Influenza A(H1N1)




                  August 2009




       Ministry for Health,     Korea Centers for
          Welfare and            Disease Control
         Family Affairs          and Prevention
    1          Guidelines on the New Influenza



□ How to Protect Yourself and Others


    ▶ If you experience any symptoms of fever, cough, soar throat, runny
        or stuffy nose, headache and chills, you must cover your nose
        and mouth with a mask and seek medical care at the nearest
        medical institution.

    ▶ If you are suffering from chronic heart or lung disease, asthma
        or diabetes, overweight or obese, aged 65 and older, or currently
        pregnant or nursing a baby, infections with the new influenza
        virus may aggravate your condition. Seek medical care immediately
        if you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms.

    ▶ When coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with
        a tissue, a handkerchief or your sleeves.

    ▶ Wash your hands after visiting crowded places. Remember that
        regular hand-washing is the most effective in preventing the
        disease.

    ▶ If you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms, stay
        away from crowded gatherings and places, and immediately seek
        medical care.



♣ What to do if you show influenza-like fever after entering Korea

  Avoid public places to prevent the spread of the disease and immediately
  report to the International Health Care Center at Ajou University Hospital
  (☎ 219-4311-2), the Community Health Center (☎ 219-1596), or the
  Office of International Affairs (☎ 219-2923, 2925).




                                   - 2 -
                 Simple Precautions to Prevent the Spread of Influenza
    2
                 A (H1N1)




□ First, wash hands regularly and avoid touching your eyes, nose and
   mouth.



▶ Wash hands after visiting public places or touching your nose or
        mouth.

▶ Scrub your hands for more than 20 seconds with soap and clean
        running water.



□ Second, cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when coughing or
   sneezing. Discard the used tissue and clean your hands.



▶ If no tissue is available, cover with your sleeves.

▶ Wear a mask if you have the symptom of cough.

▶ Ventilate the room frequently.


□ Third, report to the nearest community health center if you show any
   signs of acute febrile respiratory illness within 7 days after you
   returned from a country where new influenza cases have risen, and
   seek accurate diagnosis and treatment.


 ※ The signs of acute febrile respiratory illness include a body
     temperature rising above 37.8℃, soar throat, cough, and runny or
     stuffy nose.




                                   - 3 -
   3        Six Steps of Correct Hand-washing


○ Hand-washing is the most effective method to protect your health.

○ Remember the three rules of hand-washing
 ☺ Wash regularly ☺ Wash correctly ☺ Wash thoroughly




                                           <First Step>

                          Rub the palms of the hands together


                                         <Second Step>

                      Interlock the fingers to rub the backs of the
                                    fingers with the palms


                                          <Third Step>

                       Rub the backs of the hands with the palms


                                          <Fourth Step>

                     Clasp the thumb with the opposing hand and
                                 rub in a rotational motion

                                           <Fifth Step>

                         Interlace the fingers and rub the palms
                                             together
                                           <Sixth Step>

                      Place the fingers on the opposing palm and
                       rub in a rotational motion to clean the tips
                                        of the fingernails

                                - 4 -
4   Cough Etiquette




                      Cover your mouth and nose with a
                      tissue when coughing or sneezing




                      If no tissue is available, cover with
                      your sleeves




                      Wear a mask if you have the symptom
                      of cough




                      Wash your hands for more than 20
                      seconds with soap and clean running
                      water




                      Hand antiseptic can be an alternative
                      to soap




                      - 5 -
    5          FAQ about the New Influenza


Q. What is the new influenza?

   The new Influenza A(H1N1) is an infection caused by a mix of viruses. It
   is an acute respiratory illness causing a set of symptoms of fever, cough,
   runny or stuffy nose, and soar throat.


Q. Is it transmitted by human-to-human contact?

   It can be transmitted from one person to another by coughing or sneezing.

   Persons with influenza A(H1N1) infections should be considered infectious
   for 7 days after illness onset. Children may be infectious for longer periods.


Q. What are the symptoms?

   The symptoms include a body temperature exceeding 37.8℃, runny or stuffy
   nose, soar throat, and cough. Most patients experience mild or no symptoms
   at all.


Q. How is it treated?

   As with other uncomplicated types of influenza, it can be cured with plenty
   of rest, high fluid intake and treatment of specific symptoms. Sometimes
   the use of antiviral drugs is recommended.

   Antiviral drugs such as Tamiflu are found to be effective.


Q. How can we prevent the spread of the new influenza?

   Wash hands regularly, and avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.

   Avoid contact with people showing symptoms of febrile respiratory illness.

   Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing.
   Discard the used tissue and clean your hands thoroughly.


 ※ For more detailed information, please refer to the web site of the Korea Centers
    for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.go.kr.

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