How to Prevent the Spread
of the New Influenza A(H1N1)
Ministry for Health, Korea Centers for
Welfare and Disease Control
Family Affairs and Prevention
1 Guidelines on the New Influenza
□ How to Protect Yourself and Others
▶ If you experience any symptoms of fever, cough, soar throat, runny
or stuffy nose, headache and chills, you must cover your nose
and mouth with a mask and seek medical care at the nearest
▶ If you are suffering from chronic heart or lung disease, asthma
or diabetes, overweight or obese, aged 65 and older, or currently
pregnant or nursing a baby, infections with the new influenza
virus may aggravate your condition. Seek medical care immediately
if you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms.
▶ When coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth and nose with
a tissue, a handkerchief or your sleeves.
▶ Wash your hands after visiting crowded places. Remember that
regular hand-washing is the most effective in preventing the
▶ If you experience any of the above-mentioned symptoms, stay
away from crowded gatherings and places, and immediately seek
♣ What to do if you show influenza-like fever after entering Korea
Avoid public places to prevent the spread of the disease and immediately
report to the International Health Care Center at Ajou University Hospital
(☎ 219-4311-2), the Community Health Center (☎ 219-1596), or the
Office of International Affairs (☎ 219-2923, 2925).
- 2 -
Simple Precautions to Prevent the Spread of Influenza
□ First, wash hands regularly and avoid touching your eyes, nose and
▶ Wash hands after visiting public places or touching your nose or
▶ Scrub your hands for more than 20 seconds with soap and clean
□ Second, cover your nose and mouth with a tissue when coughing or
sneezing. Discard the used tissue and clean your hands.
▶ If no tissue is available, cover with your sleeves.
▶ Wear a mask if you have the symptom of cough.
▶ Ventilate the room frequently.
□ Third, report to the nearest community health center if you show any
signs of acute febrile respiratory illness within 7 days after you
returned from a country where new influenza cases have risen, and
seek accurate diagnosis and treatment.
※ The signs of acute febrile respiratory illness include a body
temperature rising above 37.8℃, soar throat, cough, and runny or
- 3 -
3 Six Steps of Correct Hand-washing
○ Hand-washing is the most effective method to protect your health.
○ Remember the three rules of hand-washing
☺ Wash regularly ☺ Wash correctly ☺ Wash thoroughly
Rub the palms of the hands together
Interlock the fingers to rub the backs of the
fingers with the palms
Rub the backs of the hands with the palms
Clasp the thumb with the opposing hand and
rub in a rotational motion
Interlace the fingers and rub the palms
Place the fingers on the opposing palm and
rub in a rotational motion to clean the tips
of the fingernails
- 4 -
4 Cough Etiquette
Cover your mouth and nose with a
tissue when coughing or sneezing
If no tissue is available, cover with
Wear a mask if you have the symptom
Wash your hands for more than 20
seconds with soap and clean running
Hand antiseptic can be an alternative
- 5 -
5 FAQ about the New Influenza
Q. What is the new influenza?
The new Influenza A(H1N1) is an infection caused by a mix of viruses. It
is an acute respiratory illness causing a set of symptoms of fever, cough,
runny or stuffy nose, and soar throat.
Q. Is it transmitted by human-to-human contact?
It can be transmitted from one person to another by coughing or sneezing.
Persons with influenza A(H1N1) infections should be considered infectious
for 7 days after illness onset. Children may be infectious for longer periods.
Q. What are the symptoms?
The symptoms include a body temperature exceeding 37.8℃, runny or stuffy
nose, soar throat, and cough. Most patients experience mild or no symptoms
Q. How is it treated?
As with other uncomplicated types of influenza, it can be cured with plenty
of rest, high fluid intake and treatment of specific symptoms. Sometimes
the use of antiviral drugs is recommended.
Antiviral drugs such as Tamiflu are found to be effective.
Q. How can we prevent the spread of the new influenza?
Wash hands regularly, and avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.
Avoid contact with people showing symptoms of febrile respiratory illness.
Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing.
Discard the used tissue and clean your hands thoroughly.
※ For more detailed information, please refer to the web site of the Korea Centers
for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.go.kr.
- 6 -