Careers After Education

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					Careers After Education
     Military Assessments
Introduction
• While I completed plenty of research for this project and cited sources
   when required, much of the information that I will be sharing today is from
   my own personal bank of knowledge. The topics that I am going to cover
   are ones that I have either personally experienced or have studied in
   anticipation of future experiences.

• While I doubt anyone in this room is planning on joining the military, the
   assessment processes used by the military can be beneficial in their relation
   to the topics of this class. If nothing else, this presentation may help you
   better relate with any military personnel that you may know.

• For the sake of staying focused on the subject that I know the most about
   first-hand, I will be discussing the assessment processes of the Army
   exclusively and have omitted discussion concerning the other branches of
   service.
Agenda
• Qualification Criteria

• Available Jobs

• The Process of Joining (MEPS)

• Security Clearances

• Testing (ASVAB)

• Basic Training (Discussion)

• Special Forces Assessment and Selection (Discussion)
Joining (In a Nutshell)
• Meet a recruiter

• Pre-qualify

• Pre-select job

• Visit MEPS

• Complete Basic Training
Qualification Criteria
• AGE:
   – Army: 42 years old



• Weight
   – While there is a full scale (compensating for age and height), for the sake of
     space, I am only looking at an example:


   – Males (71 inches, Ages 21-27) can have a minimum weight of 127 pounds and a
     maximum weight of 197 pounds


   – Should the individual exceed these limits, their body fat percentage is tested

         • Males in this age group may not surpass a body fat percentage of 26%
                       http://www.armybasic.org/portal/modules.php?name=Content&pa=showpage&pid=5
Qualification Criteria (CONT)
• One must be a United States citizen

                                OR

• A non-citizen who has:

   – (1) Entered the United States on a permanent residence visa or
     has an Alien Registration Receipt Card (INS Form 1-551/I-551
     greencard or stamped I-94), and

   – (2) Established a bona fide residence, and

   – (3) Established a home of record in the United States.
Qualification Criteria (CONT)

• Education:

  – High School diploma

  – Obtained a G.E.D.

  – Or have completed a semester of accredited
    university work
Qualification Criteria

• The Army Physical Fitness Test

  – A prerequisite to completing Basic Training
    (and to maintain standard during your follow-
    on military career) is the successful
    completion of the P.T. test.

  – 3 Events: Pushups, Situps, 2 Mile Run

  – Must score 60% on each event
Qualification Criteria
• Push-Up Standards (Male, 17-21)
   – Maximum (100 percent): 71
   – Minimum (60 percent): 42
• Sit-Up Standards (Male, 17-21)
   – Maximum (100 percent): 78
   – Minimum (60 percent): 53
• Two Mile Run Standards (Male, 17-21)
   – Maximum (100 percent): 13:00
   – Minimum (60 percent): 15:54


          – http://usmilitary.about.com/od/army/l/blfitmale17to21.htm
Qualification Criteria
• Push-Up Standards (Female, 17-21)
   – Maximum (100 percent): 42
   – Minimum (60 percent): 19
• Sit-Up Standards (Female, 17-21)
   – Maximum (100 percent): 78
   – Minimum (60 percent): 53
• Two Mile Run Standards (Female, 17-21)
   – Maximum (100 percent): 15:36
   – Minimum (60 percent): 18:54


          – http://usmilitary.about.com/od/army/l/blfitfem17to21.htm
Joining (Available Jobs)
• The following slide is going to show a list of available
  Career Fields

   – Career Fields are broad topics, in which particular jobs exists


• Particular jobs are called, “Military Occupation
  Specialties” or MOS

   – There are over 200 MOS’s in the Army, however not all are
     available to initial entry soldiers

   – Moreover, each job has special prerequisite qualifications which
     must be met by the enlisting soldier (security clearances, gender
     prohibitions, etc)
Joining (Available Jobs)
•   Field 11   --   Infantry
•   Field 13   --   Field Artillery
•   Field 14   --   Air Defense
•   Field 15   --   Aviation
•   Field 18   --   Special Forces
•   Field 19   --   Armor
•   Field 21   --   Engineering (Construction)
•   Field 25   --   Signals (Communications)
•   Field 27   --   Legal Services
•   Field 31   --   Law Enforcement
•   Field 33   --   Electronic Warfare
•   Field 37   --   Psychological Operations
•   Field 38   --   Civil Affairs
•   Field 42   --   Administrative
•   Field 44   --   Finance
•   Field 45   --   Armament Maintenance
•   Field 46   --   Public Affairs
•   Field 52   --   Special Equipment
•   Field 56   --   Religious Services
•   Field 63   --   Vehicle Maintenance
•   Field 68   --   Medical
•   Field 74   --   Chemical Warfare
•   Field 79   --   Recruiting and Retention
•   Field 88   --   Transportation
•   Field 89   --   Explosives and Ammunition
•   Field 92   --   Supply and Logistics
•   Field 94   --   Electronic Maintenance
•   Field 96   --   Intelligence
•   Field 97   --   Counter/Human Intelligence
•   Field 98   --   Communications Intelligence
Joining (Available Jobs)
• My experience:

  – I was a 13F, or Fire Support Specialist

  – One of my required prerequisites was a Secret
    Security Clearance



• My Aspiration:

  – Career Field 18: Special Forces
Military Entrance Processing Station
• There are 65 MEPS in the U.S., including one in Tampa

• Your day at MEPS is typically long and boring

• “Your day will include a urinalysis (drug test), medical exam, eye test,
   hearing test, weight check, body-fat measurement (if you exceed the
   weight on the published weight charts), security clearance interview,
   meeting with a job counselor, reviewing enlistment options and possible
   enlistment incentives, taking the enlistment oath, and signing the Delayed
   Enlistment Program (DEP) contract.”

         • http://usmilitary.about.com/od/armyjoin/ss/armyjoin.htm

• The visit to MEPS is typically so long that it begins at 5:30 in the morning
   which necessitates the military to host you at a hotel the night before.

• The MEPS visit usually ends late in the afternoon (6:00 p.m.)
MEPS (Medical)
• The longest portion of the visit to MEPS is
  the physical medical review.

• This is also the portion of the day that
  results in the elimination through
  disqualification of recruits.

• All potential enlistees will undergo hours
  of physical scrutiny to ensure that they are
  fit for military training.
MEPS (Medical – CONT)
• “The purpose of DOD medical standards is to ensure that medically
  qualified personnel, accepted into the armed forces of the United
  States are:

   – (1) Free of contagious diseases that would likely endanger the health of
     other personnel.

   – (2) Free of medical conditions or physical defects that would require
     excessive time lost from duty for necessary treatment or hospitalization
     or would likely result in separation from the Army for medical unfitness.

   – (3) Medically capable of satisfactorily completing required training.

   – (4) Medically adaptable to the military environment without the
     necessity of geographical area limitations.

   – (5) Medically capable of performing duties without aggravation of
     existing physical defects or medical conditions.”

            – http://usmilitary.about.com/od/armyjoin/ss/armyjoin.htm
MEPS (Medical – CONT)

• Activities:
   – Full Body Check
   – Stretching and Movement Exercises
   – Blood Work
   – Eye Tests
   – Hearing Tests
   – The “DUCK WALK”
   – Any Additional Tests That Initial Exams May Require
MEPS – Security Interview
• Another prerequisite to joining is the successful
  completion of a security interview.


   – During this session, a professional will ask you
     various questions to confirm that you do not have a
     criminal background


   – The interview is in-depth because many MOS’s
     require security clearances. The interview is the first
     step in the process of obtaining a security clearance.
Security Clearances
• 3 levels of clearances:

    – CONFIDENTIAL: Applied to information or material the unauthorized disclosure
       of which could be reasonably expected to cause damage to the national security.


    – SECRET: Applied to information or material the unauthorized disclosure of which
       reasonably could be expected to cause serious damage to the national security.


    – TOP SECRET: Applied to information or material the unauthorized disclosure of
       which reasonably could be expected to cause exceptionally grave damage to the
       national security.


              – http://usmilitary.about.com/cs/generalinfo/a/security.htm
Security Clearances
• First the government will run your identification through the National Agency Check

     –   This will ensure that your name does not appear in any agencies’ (police department, FBI,
         credit etc) databases


     –   This ensures that you were truthful during security interview




• This is the only step in the security process should you require less than TOP
   SECRET. However, if TOP SECRET is required then there is an additional step


     –   Single Scope Background Investigation (SSBI)


           • Field Agents request information from family, friends, associates, etc.



                           http://usmilitary.about.com/cs/generalinfo/a/security3.htm
Armed Forces Vocational Aptitude Battery
• “ASVAB”

• Two Purposes:

  – to determine if you have the mental capability to be
    successful through basic training and other Army
    training programs

  – to determine your aptitude for learning various Army
    jobs

        – http://usmilitary.about.com/cs/joiningup/a/asvababcs.htm
ASVAB (cont.)
• 9 Sections
    – General Science (GS) - 25 questions with an 11 minute time-limit.

    – Arithmetic Reasoning (AR) - 16 questions with a 36 minute time-limit.

    – Word Knowledge (WK) - 35 questions with an 11 minute time-limit.

    – Paragraph Comprehension (PC) - 15 questions with a 13 minute time-limit.

    – Auto & Shop (AS) - 25 questions with an 11 minute time-limit.

    – Mathematics Knowledge (MK) - 25 questions with a 24 minute time-limit.

    – Mechanical Comprehension (MC) - 25 questions with a 19 minute time-limit.

    – Electronics Information (EI) - 20 questions with a 9 minute time-limit.

    – Assembling Objects (AS) - 16 questions with a 9 minute time-limit


               – http://usmilitary.about.com/cs/joiningup/a/asvababcs.htm
ASVAB (cont)
• The ASVAB results come in several forms.

   – The most important is called the AFQT (Armed Forces Qualifying Test)
     score (1-99), generated via national percentiles, and is the determining
     standard as to whether one’s scores qualifies them for military service.
     This is, basically, your “over-all” score.

   – All of the individual categories are scored (on varying scales) and your
     performances in these individual categories are used to determine your
     aptitude and qualification for particular MOS’s.

   – A very important score is your General Technical score which is
     generated from the results of all of the arithmetic and verbal sections.
     This is scored 0-140 and is used as an eliminating factor for various
     jobs and military schools.
Basic Combat Training
• Personal Experience:

    – Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri
    – June-August, 2001
    – PT, BRM, Chemical Chamber, Obstacle Courses, Confidence Courses, Classes,
      Drill Sergeants


• Changes to the Course:

    – Weapon Immersion (Weapon assigned third day and kept for duration of BCT)
    – Emphasize on urban tactics
    – Increased field problem
        • Formerly 10 days, Now 21

                       http://usmilitary.about.com/cs/armyjoin/a/newarmybasic.htm
Special Forces Selection and Assessment
(DISCUSSION)

•   Notes:

•   The Adult Basic Education Version "A", Minnesota Multiple Personality Inventory, and WONDERLICK

     –   APFT Score       Percent Passing Course
     –   206-225                   31
     –   226-250                   42
     –   251-275                    57
     –   276 or higher             78



•   ARI evaluated the ability of SFAS students to perform a 4-mile ruckmarch in battle dress uniform (BDU), boots,
    M-16, load bearing equipment, and a 45-pound rucksack. The overall average 4-mile ruckmarch time for
    graduates is 61 minutes. The average PT results are depicted below:

     –   Ruckmarch Time (Min)    Percent Passing Course
     –   54 and less        81
     –   55-64                63
     –   65-74                34
     –   75-84                    10



                      http://www.bragg.army.mil/specialforces/downloads/SFAS%20PT%20Schedule.doc