Careers in geomatics by mrl19919

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									                                        Careers in geomatics
                             Basic Information for Career Counselors
The following information is provided to help answer questions students may have after reading the
posters. Due to limited space, a minimum amount of information can be presented. A web site has
therefore been created to provide additional information. The web site is www.discovergeomatics.com; the
name is printed at the bottom of each poster. Please encourage students to visit the web site as the
information on the web will be updated.

Introduction
More and more, the information-based global economy is becoming a geospatial information-based
economy. Geomatics tools are revolutionizing the conduct of business, science, and government; and new
and traditional clients are continually encouraging innovations in geomatics. Therefore this field is
attractive to individuals who like to develop new ideas and technologies. On the other hand, traditionalists
and perfectionists are also attracted to geomatics because it is very precise and utilizes techniques
perfected over many years.
                                                        1
A study funded in part by the government of Canada found that the public lacks understanding about
geomatics. The awareness posters enclosed with this letter are an attempt to rectify this by making
students aware of geomatics. This letter and the web provide information on what to expect in a career in
geomatics. With this information a student will be able to make an informed decision as to whether or not
he should pursue a career in geomatics.

What is geomatics?
Formerly, geomatics mostly consisted of surveying, but recently it has expanded to include a large number
of new techniques. Geomatics is a relatively new term that refers to technologies, tools, and techniques
that deal with information that is referenced to a geographic framework. In other words, all information that
has a position in space as one of its characteristics is part of geomatics. The posters show how geomatics
is used in five sectors. These are merely examples; many other sectors could have been selected.

The expansion has been very rapid and is continuing.
Geomatics is the collection, analysis, manipulation, modeling, interpretation, distribution, management,
use, and visualization of spatial data -- data identified by location. This data comes from many sources
including satellites, air and sea-borne sensors and ground-based instruments. Data can be collected using
land, marine, airborne and satellite-based sensors.

Spatial data is processed and manipulated with state-of-the-art information technology, and computer
software and hardware. Geomatics encompasses areas such as computerized mapping, satellite remote
sensing, and precise positioning and navigation using the satellites of the Global Positioning System
(GPS).

Trends in the geomatics industry
Today geomatics technologies and services represent one of Canada’s fastest growing industry sectors. This recent
growth is due, in part, to new computing and storage technologies, as well as the development of new
sensors. These new applications are very often in areas that traditionally did not use geomatics such as
the cell phone and wireless industry, the tracking of vehicle fleets in real or near real time.
                                                                                              1
The worldwide market for geomatics technologies in 2002 was estimated at US$5 billion ?. The same
                                                                                                   2
industry study projected that it would have annual revenues of US$30 billion by 2005. Another study in
the year 2000 found that industry members anticipate the geomatics industry will grow 9% to 14% per year
for at least the next 10 years.

Technologies in Geomatics
There is no definitive list of technologies that are part of geomatics. The following are some technologies
considered part of geomatics.
  _____________________________
    1
      Geomatics Sector - Human Resources Study (GSHRS). It can be found at
    http://www.geoconnections.org/programsCommittees/proCom_geoSkills/keyDocs/geomat_E.pdf
    2
      Survey of the Alberta Geomatics Industry prepared for the Alberta Geomatics Group. March 1, 2000
    Artificial intelligence and expert systems          Geospatial data
    Communication and distribution                      High resolution optical imaging
    Data fusion and generalization                      Hyperspectral imaging
    Data visualization                                  Image analysis
    Decision support tools                              Internet applications
    Digital elevation model generation                  Navigation and positioning
    Digital photogrammetry                              Radar imaging
    Geoid mapping                                       Real time mapping
    Geospatial (or geographic) information systems      User applications and solutions
  Source: GSHRS report

Job types
Typical job titles in geomatics include: geographer, cartographer, physical scientist, computer scientist,
surveyor, GIS (geospatial or geographic information systems) analyst, project manager, remote sensing
scientist, surveyor, civil engineering technician, surveying and mapping technician, photogrammetrist and
image analyst.

Most geomatics companies are smaller firms (less than 10 employees) providing specific services,
equipment, or data. Larger companies provide a wide range of services, data or equipment or a
combination of these. Most geomatics companies in Canada serve the local and national markets,
however they also undertake a considerable number of International projects. A great deal of geomatics
employment is also found within the larger resource, engineering and land-management companies, as
well as in municipal, provincial or federal governments. In 2000 private sector employed 81% of workers
in geomatics and government 19%

Jobs in geomatics include many working environments. Most jobs have a high level of technology and
computer use and are indoors. Other jobs require a great deal of fieldwork and being outdoors. One can
also combine geomatics with work in other fields including archeology, medicine, forestry, geology,
geography and astronomy to name only a few. The posters give examples of this large range of
applications.

Educational requirements
A post secondary education is almost a requirement for employment in the geomatics industry, with over
80% of the employees having a university education. The Figure shows the change in level of education
in the industry between 1991 to 2000. Most professional interviewed in the GSHRS study indicated that
they had to regularly update their skills in order to keep up with the technologic changes in the industry.

Geomatics instruction can be found at almost all
levels of post secondary education. Community
colleges and technical institutions provide two-
year certificate programs and associate degrees
in GIS, surveying, photogrammetry and similar
subjects. These would be appropriate for
positions as technologists in geospatial
information technology. These courses can
often be transferred to another institution for
further education.

Four-year and advanced degrees provide the
best opportunity for advancement in geomatics.
There are several academic institutions that
provide this training in Canada. In addition,
some associations provide training and
certification programs directly or through
educational institution.
A partial list of institutions that provide training in geomatics is provided below. A more complete list is on
the web site www.discovergeomatics.com.

Salary levels
The following figure presents the salary
distribution for geomatics professionals
working in their field in 2000. From the
table it can be seen that the majority
(63%) fall in the $40,000-to-$80,000
salary range.

Profiles of graduates.
Profiles of people that have graduated in
geomatics can give an appreciation of the
type of person getting into geomatics, the
range of job types, the education required,
the rewards and hardships of the jobs, etc.
Many university web sites feature profiles
of their graduates including:
     http://www.geomatics.ucalgary.ca/whatisit/careers/index.html
     http://www.sli.unimelb.edu.au/about/profiles.html

Academic institutions with courses in Geomatics
Disclaimer: The information here is provided as a guide. It may be incomplete or incorrect. Any student
interested in a particular academic institution should contact the organization and obtain the latest
information.
    Institution                                 Web site                         Department

    Simon Fraser University                     www.sfu.ca                       Geography
    University of Alberta                       www.ualberta.ca                  Forestry
    University of B.C.                          www.ubc.ca                       Geography
    University of Calgary                       www.uclalgary.ca                 MGIS Geography,
                                                                                 Geomatics Eng.
    University of Lethbridge                    www.uleth.ca                     Geography
    University of Manitoba                      www.umanitoba.ca                 Geography
    University of Northern B.C.                 www.unbc.ca                      Geography
    University of Regina                        www.uregina.ca                   Geography
    University of Saskatchewan                  www.usask.ca                     Geography
    University of Victoria                      www.uvic.ca                      Geography
    University of Winnipeg                      www.uwinnipig.ca                 Geography
    Colleges
    B.C. Institute of Tech.                     www.bcit.ca                      Geomatics
    Mount Royal College                         www.mtroyal.ab.ca                Geography
    N. Alberta Institute of Tech.               www.nait.ab.ca                   Geomatics Eng.
    Red River College                           www.rrc.mb.ca                    Geography
    S. Alberta Institute of Tech.               www.sait.ab.ca                   B. Applied GIS

    ONTARIO
    Universities
    Brock University                            www.brocku.ca                    Geography
    Carleton University                         www.carleton.ca                  Geography
    University of Guelph                        www.uoguelph.ca                  Eng. Geography
    Lakehead University                         www.lakehead.ca                  Forestry
    Laurentian University                       www.laurentian.ca                Geography
    McMaster University                         www.mcmaster.ca                  Geography
    Nipissing University                        www.unipissing.ca                GIS
    Queen’s University                          www.queensu.ca                   Geography
    Ryerson Polytechnical                       www.ryerson.ca                   Civil Eng.
Trent University                        www.trentu.ca
University of Ottawa                    www.uottawa.ca                Geography
University of Toronto                   www.utoronto.ca               Geography
University of Waterloo                  www.uwaterloo.ca              Geography
University of Western Ontario           www.uwo.ca                    Geography
University of Windsor                   www.uwindsor.ca               Geography
Wilfred Laurier University              www.wlu.ca                    Geography
York University                         www.yorku.ca                  Geography
Colleges
Algonquin College                       www.algonquinc.on.ca          GIS, Cart, RS, Survey
Centennial College                      www.centennialcollege.ca      CAD
La Cite Collegiale                      www.lacitec.on.ca             GIS
Durham College                          www.durhamc.on.ca             CAD
Fanshawe College                        www.fanshawec.on.ca           Survey, GIS
Humber College                          www.humberc.on.ca             CAD
Loyalist College                        www.loyalistc.on.ca           Survey
Mohawk College                          www.mohawkc.on.ca             GIS
Niagara College                         www.niagarac.on.ca            GIS,CAD
Royal Military College                  www.rmc.ca                    Civil Eng. Survey
Sault Ste. Marie                        www.saultc.on.ca              GIS
Seneca College                          www.seneca.on.ca
Sir. Sanford Fleming                    www.flemingc.on.ca            GIS
St. Clair College                       www.stclairc.on.ca            CAD

QUEBEC
Universities
Concordia University                    www.concordia.ca              Geography
Laval University                        www.ulaval.ca                 Geomatics
McGill University                       www.mcgill.ca                 Geography
Sherbrooke University                   www.usherb.ca                 Geography
University of Montreal                  www.umontreal.ca              Geography
Universite du Quebec a Montreal         www.uqam.ca                   Civil Engineering
Univesite du Quebec a Hull              www.uqah.ca                   Geography
Universite du Quebec a Chicoutimi       www.uqac.uquebec.ca           Geology
Universite du Quebec a Trois-Rivieres   www.uqtr.uquebec.ca           Geography
Colleges
Cegep de l'Abitibi-Temiscaminque        www.cegepat.qc.ca
Cegep de Baie-Comeau                    www.cegep-baie-comeau.qc.ca
Cegep de Chicoutimi                     www.cegep-chicoutimi.qc.ca
Cegep d/Outaouais                       www.coll-outao.qc.ca
Cegep de Rimouski                       www.cegep-rimouski.qc.ca      Civil Engineering
Cegep de Sainte-Foy                     www.cegep-ste-foy.qc.ca       Forestry
CERFO                                   www.cerfo.qc.ca               Forestry
College Ahuntsic                        www.collegeahuntsic.qc.ca
College de Limoilou                     www.climoilou.qc.ca           Cart., geodesy
Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal         www.polymtl.ca

MARITIMES
Universities
Acadia University                       www.acadiau.ca                Few courses
Dalhousie University                    www.dal.ca                    Geography
Memorial University of Newfoundland     www.mun.ca                    Geography
Mount Allison University                www.mta.ca                    Geography
St. Mary's University                   www.stmarys.ca                GIS, post-grad research
University College of Cape Breton       www.uccb.ns.ca                GIS/GPS Centre
University of Moncton                   www.umoncton.ca               Geography
University of New Brunswick             www.unb.ca                    Geodesy, Geomatics Eng.
Colleges
Centre of Geographic Sciences           www.cogs.ns.ca
College of North Atlantic               www.northatlantic.nf.ca
Holland College                         www.hollandc.pe.ca
N. B. Community College, Moncton        www.moncton.nbcc.nb.ca

								
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