Digital Review of Asia Pacific
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Digital Review of Asia Pacific dir@p CHAPTER OUTLINE Draft of 12 July 2002 1. SCOPE: Your chapter should cover the state-of-practice of digital technologies and Internet diffusion in the country or territory you are covering. State-of-practice refers to the social and economic processes and activities facilitated by these new technologies. Our definition of digital technologies include all new Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) which maybe embodied in computers and hand-held devices (such as cellphones and PDAs). The equipment and software may or may not be connected to local networks and the Internet. 2. FOCUS: Our publication will emphasize the use of ICTs in promoting social and economic development and change within society. The focus is on human development which includes the strengthening of civil society, improvement in the welfare of the family and community, conservation of cultural identity, creation of opportunities for employment and income generation, and the nurturing of information-flows and collaboration between individuals and communities. 3. CHAPTER OUTLINE: Please adopt the structure below and use the following main section headings in the research and writing of your chapter so as to contribute to the ultimate coherence of the Digital Review which is a compilation of 32 individual chapters written by you and your fellow contributing authors. 3.1 OVERVIEW: Socio-economic snapshot of the country/territory. National/territorial ICT infrastructure. People's access to technology. Quality of connectivity. Affordability of technology and connectivity. Assess the rate of diffusion of wired, wireless and direct satellite-based technologies. Assess differences in urban-rural access to, and affordability of ICTs. Describe local open-source movements. Review the state of development, promotion, and use of indigenous fonts, scripts and languages. Describe the information production and consuming pattern and profile of technology users. Discuss gender and youth related issues in connection with ICT access and usage. 3.2 CONTENT: Please begin with an overview and analysis of content produced and consumed in your country/territory. State the language(s) used in production and consumption. The analysis of content consumed should include content provided by international or "foreign" sources located outside your country/territory. Please include in your analysis a discussion on the ratio of international/"foreign" content consumed versus locally produced content. Please refer to the following categories of information and content in your analysis. Education (both for formal and non-formal programmes) Agriculture Rural development Industry/Business Health/Nutrition Technology Government Non-government organisations Political groupings Civil society Culture and literature News and current affairs Commerce and tourism 3.3 IMPORTANT INDIGENOUS SOURCES OF CONTENT: Please pick about ten popular or important, local/national sources of content and information. Please present the sources as an annotated list of websites or URLs accompanied by a short description of the importance of each website, and the content provided. Please state the language(s) used by each content provider. 3.4 ONLINE SERVICES: Please begin with an overview of online services provided and utilised in the country, and the extent of their reach and popularity. Please consider discussing services under the following categories: E-government Distance education/E-learning E-commerce/E-business Telemedicine E-conference/forum E-community (Authors are requested to make a special effort on sharing national/territorial experiences on this topic given the current scarcity of information on it in published literature. Authors should feel free to discuss here the innovative uses of e-mail by communities who do not enjoy full Internet access.) 3.5 ICT INDUSTRIES AND SERVICES: Please review the ICT-based industries and services operating in your country/territory and discuss their importance to the national economy. These may include the following: Hardware manufacturing and assembly Software origination Services (call-centres, transcription services, backroom services, etc.) Discuss opportunities and threats facing local industries in the context of the current economic environment. 3.6 EXAMPLES OF INNOVATIVE AND KEY INITIATIVES: Highlight and discuss outstanding projects and initiatives in your country/territory promoting human development, education, access, strengthening of civil society, improvement in the welfare of the family and community, conservation of cultural identity, and creation of opportunities for employment and income generation, and the nurturing of information-flows and collaboration between individuals and communities. 3.7 ENABLING POLICIES: Summarise national strategies promoting ICTs. Describe ICT planning for the next 5-10 years. Has the government and private sector made strategic plans in developing the following areas: human resources, infrastructure, enterprise, partnerships, regional initiatives? Provide names and contact details of policy-research and policy-making bodies. Describe agencies and schemes promoting ICTs and their contact details. 3.8 REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT: Summarise laws and regulations affecting the ICT sector. Gauge effectiveness of enforcement. Assess the validity of controls applied. Describe agencies that oversee the making and enforcement of laws and regulations, together with their contact details. If information is available describe development in the following areas: Electronic transaction Cyber-crime Consumer laws for e-commerce and distance-trading Data protection and privacy Broadcasting licensing and content regulation Internet-related licensing for Internet services providers, Internet cafes, telecentres, etc. Digital signature Convergence and multimedia regulation Intellectual property rights regime WTO status, regional memberships, basic commitments related to telecommunications under WTO, foreign equity limits Telecommunication Act Local domain name registry and dispute resolution 3.9 OPEN SOURCE MOVEMENT: Review the progress of local groups promoting the use of open source operating systems (such as Linux), office applications (for word processing, spreadsheets, database management, etc.) and indigenous fonts and scripts. Provide contact details and brief descriptions of groups promoting open source. 3.10 RESEARCH INTO ICT: List and describe major R&D initiatives in the country/territory funded by the government, private sector, or donor organizations. 3.11 FUTURE TRENDS: Forecast the directions in which different sectors of society in your country/territory (civil society, government, private sector, academe, etc) may be headed over the next two years with regards to the deployment of ICTs to promote development. Assess the ways in which ICTs may contribute to the empowerment and enhanced competitiveness of the different sectors. Identify challenges and obstacles. 4. ANNEXES 4.1 SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY ON THE COUNTRY/TERRITORY: Short annotated bibliography of no more than 20 key publications and websites offering in-depth information about the state-of-practice of ICTs in your country/territory. Each reference should be accompanied by a short description of the importance of the source. 4.2 CHART OF KEY FACTS: Total population Rural population as a percentage of total population Key economic sectors Literacy in national language(s) Literacy in English Computer ownership per 100 inhabitants Telephone lines per 100 inhabitants Internet hosts per 10,000 inhabitants Internet café/telecentre per 10,000 inhabitants. Internet users per 100 inhabitants Cell phone subscribers per 100 inhabitants Number of websites in the national language Number of websites in English and other languages National bandwidth within the country/territory National bandwidth to and from the country/territory Ratio of in-coming and out-going Internet traffic volume Where possible, include data to reflect women users and women subscribers of ICT 4.3 REFERENCES: The listing of references cited in your chapter.