Career Counseling for Latinoa College students Treatment
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Career Counseling for Latino/a College students: Treatment Implications Background • Largest minority population • 45 countries • Ambivalent relationship U.S. • Discrimination General cultural issues • Identity development is grounded in: – Familismo - interdependence – Respeto – Personalismo – Masculinity/machismo – Fatalism/destiny/locus of control When in counseling: research shows • Less likely to seek counseling services • Do not discuss problems with stranger • ‘Saving face’, prestige, dignity • Counseling only for psychopathology • Bring in physical symptoms And: • Selfish v selfless thinking • Systemic/family/community orientation • Perceive career barriers • Lack career information • Culturally sensitive assessment instruments Risco & Duffy findings • Most important work values: – Work enjoyment – Interest in the field – Job security • Least important work values – Having free time – Working without close supervision – Family expectations • Latinos: – High anticipated earnings • Latinas: – Interest in the field – Making a difference • More indecisive • Lower career importance In career counseling: • Address: – Work values – Family expectations – Anticipated earnings – Making a difference • How these play a role in career development • For Latinas – Indecisiveness – Career salience Klingaman &Duffy findings: • Ethnic identity plays a role in Latino/as career decidedness • Traditional career variables such as: – Self-clarity – Knowledge about careers – Indecisiveness – Career salience • Play a relatively smaller role in career decidedness In Career counseling: • Discuss ethnic Id and the role it plays in career counseling • How do this in counseling? Counseling techniques • Counselor be aware of – own culture, values, attitudes – discrimination issues • Introduce self at Student Orientation and other relevant programs • Have contact with Housing, Financial Aid, International Students’ Office Focus on cultural strengths • Ethnic Id (K&D) • Contact with – campus organizations that include Latino/as – Mentoring programs on campus to connect – with community resources, i.e. National Hispanic scholarship Fund, Aspira (academic and career counseling) – Local Latin communities and festivals • findings: • family expectations (R&D): • Explore family relationships, expectations. Involve parents? • Homogeneous groups • Latinas indecisive, low career salience (R&D) • Provide info on traditional and non-traditional careers • Develop academic and career self-efficacy • Math and science classes!