Labor Force and Employment by fpk13484

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									                                  Labor Force
Since 2000, Northern California has been experiencing job growth while the rest of the
state, especially the Bay Area, has experienced job declines. This phenomenon has lead
to an unusual labor market trend throughout Northern California even since. Because it
has been a regional center for job growth, people have been migrating into the area
looking for work, especially from the Bay Area. This is why the region has been
experiencing growth in employment, coupled with growth in unemployment. Because
unemployment is growing faster than employment in percentage terms, the North State is
experiencing economic growth in spite of an increasing unemployment rate.


Labor Force and Employment
Increases in labor force indicate economic growth in an area, so the percentage of change
in labor force from year to year is important to prospective business owners looking for
new areas in which to develop. In addition to employed workers and unemployed county
residents actively seeking work, the labor force includes workers who have been laid off
and are waiting to be called back to work.

Between the years 2000 and 2005, Yuba County saw a 13.2 percent increase in total labor
force with a rise in unemployment from 1,900 to 2,300. The corresponding table displays
data for total labor force, employment, unemployment, and the unemployment rate for
the state, the Greater Sacramento Area, and Yuba County and its cities.




                                        Page 4.1
Table 15- Labor Force and Employment
                                                                                  % Change
                                   2000          2003        2004         2005    2000-2005
California
                               16,892,00                17,552,300   17,560,100
     Labor Force                       0   17,460,000                                3.96%
                               16,056,50                16,459,900   16,462,500
     Employment                        0   16,282,700                                2.53%
     Unemployment               835,500     1,177,300    1,092,400    1,097,600     31.37%
     Unemployment Rate             4.9%          6.7%        6.2%         6.3%        -
Greater Sacramento Area
     Labor Force                961,590     1,038,210    1,069,100    1,078,800     12.19%
     Employment                 917,010       976,540    1,008,600    1,016,700     10.87%
     Unemployment                44,580        61,670       60,500      62,200      39.52%
     Unemployment Rate             4.6%          5.9%        6.9%         7.5%        -
Yuba City MSA
     Labor Force                 57,900        59,600       65,800      65,000      12.26%
     Employment                  50,600        51,400       59,100      57,600      13.83%
     Unemployment                  7,300        8,200        6,700       7,400       1.37%
     Unemployment Rate            12.6%         13.8%       10.2%        11.0%        -
Yuba County
     Labor Force                 24,300        25,400       25,600      27,500       13.2%
     Employment                  22,400        22,700       23,100      25,200       12.5%
     Unemployment                  1,900        2,700        2,500       2,300       21.1%
     Unemployment Rate             7.9%         10.8%        9.7%         8.3%        -
Cities within Yuba County
  Marysville
     Labor Force                   5,340        5,540        6,000       5,900      10.49%
     Employment                    4,710        4,740        5,500       5,300      12.53%
     Unemployment                   630           800         500          600       -4.76%
     Unemployment Rate            11.9%         14.4%        8.4%         9.7%        -
  Wheatland
     Labor Force                    750           770        1,100       1,100      46.67%
     Employment                     700           700        1,000       1,000      42.86%
     Unemployment                    50            70         100          100      100.0%

     Unemployment Rate             7.2%          8.9%        9.4%        10.8%        -
Source: California Employment Development Department




                                                 Page 4.2
                        Employment Percent Change, 2000-2005

   50.0%
   45.0%
   40.0%
   35.0%
   30.0%
   25.0%
   20.0%
   15.0%
   10.0%
    5.0%
    0.0%




                                                                   Marysville
                  California




                               Sacramento




                                                          County
                                            Yuba City




                                                                                Wheatland
                                                           Yuba
                                 Greater




                                              MSA
                                  Area




Source: California Employment Development Department




Jobs by Industry

The ability of businesses to maintain and support the demand for jobs can be measured
by looking closely at a county’s various industries. This indicator provides information
on the types of businesses in Yuba County that tend to employ more people, and which
are most established in the area. According to the table showing job structure in Yuba
County, in 2005 the category which employed more people was the government sector
with 37 percent. This sector includes civilian jobs at Beale Air Force Base, but not
active-duty military jobs which total at least 3,500. The next largest was the trade,
transportation and utilities sector with 14 percent followed by educational and health
services sector with 10 percent.




                                                    Page 4.3
Table 16- Jobs by Industry in Yuba County


                                                                                            Total Change
Sector                                                    1997    2002     2003     2004      1997-2005
Total, All Industries                                   17,400   16,900   16,300   17,300           -100
  Total Farm                                             2,800    1,100    1,200    1,100         -1700
  Total Nonfarm                                         14,600   15,800   15,100   16,100          1500
  Total Private                                         12,100   12,400   12,000   12,900           800
   Goods Producing                                       2,100    2,100    2,300    2,300           200
    Natural Resources, Mining and Construction            900      800      900     1,100           200
    Natural Resources and Mining                          200      100      100      100            -100
    Construction                                          700      700      800     1,000           300
    Manufacturing                                        1,200    1,400    1,300    1,300           100
    Durable Goods                                         700      900      900      900            200
       Wood Product Manufacturing                         500      600      500      500              0
       Residual-Miscellaneous Manufacturing               200      300      400      400            200
       Nondurable Goods                                   500      500      400      400            -100
   Service Providing                                    12,500   13,700   12,900   13,800          1300
    Trade, Transportation and Utilities                  2,300    1,900    1,900    2,400           100
    Wholesale Trade                                       300      200      200      600            300
    Retail Trade                                         1,700    1,400    1,200    1,400           -300
       Food and Beverage Stores                           400      300      300      300            -100
       General Merchandise Stores                         300      100      100      300              0
       Residual-Miscellaneous Store Retailers            1,000    1,000     800      800            -200
       Transportation, Warehousing and Utilities          300      500      500      500            200
    Information                                           200      100      100      200              0
    Financial Activities                                  600      300      400      500            -100
      Finance and Insurance                               300      200      400      300              0
      Real Estate and Rental and Leasing                  300      100      200      200            -100
      Professional and Business Services                 1,100    1,300     800      900            -200
    Educational and Health Services                      1,500    1,800    1,700    1,700           200
    Leisure and Hospitality                              1,200    1,300    1,100    1,300           100
      Food Services and Drinking Places                   900     1,100     900     1,000           100
      Residual-Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation        300      300      200      700            400
    Other Services                                        100      600      500      400            300
    Government                                           5,600    6,200    6,300    6,400           800
      Federal Government                                 1,100    1,300    1,300    1,300           200
      State and Local Government                         4,500    5,400    5,000    5,100           600
      State Government                                    600      900      900     1,200           600
      Local Government                                   3,900    4,500    4,100    3,900             0
      Local Government Education                         3,000    2,600
         County                                           700     1,100
         City                                             100      100
         Other Local Government                           100      200
Source: California Employment Development Department




                                                     Page 4.4
                                 Major Sector Total Employment Change, 1997-2005
  1,000
    800
    600
    400
    200
      0
   -200
   -400




                                                                                                                                     Information
              Government




                                                                                                                     Trade, Trans.
                             Services




                                                                                                                                                   Activities
                                                                                  Manufacturing




                                                                                                     Construction




                                                                                                                                                   Financial
                                        Educational &




                                                        Business




                                                                    Hospitality
                                                                    Leisure &
                                         Health Svcs

                                                         Prof. &
                              Other




                                                                                                                       & Utilities
                                                                                                      Mining &
                                                          Svcs
Source: California Employment Development Department




                                   Yuba County Employment Structure, 2005
                                                         Financial Activities
                           Other Services                       3%
                                                                                                  Information
                                2%                                                                     1%
   Mining &
  Construction
     6%
                                                                                                                    Government
   Agriculture
                                                                                                                       37%
       6%

     Prof. & Business
            Svcs
            5%

          Manufacturing
              8%

                           Leisure &
                           Hospitality
                                                                                                             Trade, Trans. &
                              8% Educational &
                                       Health Svcs                                                               Utilities
                                          10%                                                                     14%
Source: California Employment Development Department
Note: Sum of components may not equal total jobs due to independent rounding of figures.




                                                                   Page 4.5
Jobs by Occupation and Wages
The following table lists occupations by wage differential between the Yuba-Sutter MSA,
the smallest local region for which data is available, and California. Most occupations
require less pay in Yuba County, with an average differential of -14.4 percent. Arts and
entertainment top the list, although computer and mathematical, management, sales, and
social science occupations have a high wage differential than the state as well.

Table 17- Wages and Employment Estimates
                                                      Yuba-Sutter 2004   Yuba-Sutter   California 2004
                                                          Employment      2004 Mean     Mean Annual         Percent
Occupational Category                                       Estimates    Annual Wage        Wage         Difference
Arts, Design, Ent., Sports, and Media Occupations                 160      $31,189         $52,535          -68.4%
Computer and Mathematical Occupations                             260      $53,189         $71,238          -33.9%
Management Occupations                                           1620      $70,336         $96,850          -37.7%
Sales and Related Occupations                                    4,060     $28,308         $35,487          -25.4%
Life, Physical, and Social Science Occupations                    210      $49,391         $58,101          -17.6%
Business and Financial Operations Occupations                     980      $47,613         $60,732          -27.6%
Personal Care and Service Occupations                             630      $21,161         $24,101          -13.9%
Architecture and Engineering Occupations                          690      $60,316         $67,215          -11.4%
Legal Occupations                                                 110      $68,653         $88,668          -29.2%
Office and Administrative Support Occupations                    6,560     $28,830         $31,497           -9.3%
Construction and Extraction Occupations                          2,040     $39,813         $41,888           -5.2%
Production Occupations                                           2,140     $29,354         $27,532           6.2%
Food Preparation and Serving-Related Occupations                 3,200     $18,141         $18,810           -3.7%
Installation, Maintenance, and Repair Occupations                1,770     $38,675         $39,082           -1.1%

Building, Grounds Cleaning, and Maintenance                      1,580     $22,970         $23,106            -.6%
Healthcare Support Occupations                                   1,140     $25,030         $25,916           -3.5%
Transportation and Material Moving Occupations                   3,390     $26,994         $27,753           -2.8%
Education, Training, and Library Occupations                     4,000     $46,079         $46,197           -0.3%
Farming, Fishing, and Forestry Occupations                        850      $20,352         $18,609           8.6%
Protective Service Occupations                                    790      $43,158         $40,653           5.8%
Community and Social Services Occupations                        1,040     $43,418         $40,034           7.8%
Healthcare Practitioners and Technical Occupations               1,870     $38,188         $61,708          -61.6%
Total all occupations                                           38,760     $35,336         $40,415          -14.4%

Source: California Employment Development Department




Employment by Industry
Employment is the number of people working who live in Yuba County, regardless of
where they work. This differs from job totals shown above in that jobs measures place of
employment (Yuba County) regardless of where people who hold these jobs live. Job
counts do not include proprietors, while employment does.




                                                     Page 4.6
As with California, more people are employed in education, health, and social services in
Yuba County than any other industry. Industries with uniquely high employment in
Yuba County includes construction, manufacturing, retail trade, and transportation.

Table 18- Employment by Industry
                                                                      Yuba County    California
Total:                                                                     20,223   14,718,928
  Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting, and mining                    1,347     282,717
  Construction                                                              1,886     915,023
  Manufacturing                                                             1,830    1,930,141
  Wholesale trade                                                            701      596,309
  Retail trade                                                              2,662    1,641,243
  Transportation and warehousing, and utilities                             1,239     689,387
  Information                                                                400      577,463
  Finance, insurance, real estate and rental and leasing                     659     1,016,916
  Professional, scientific, management, administrative, and waste
    management services                                                     1,626    1,711,625
  Educational, health and social services                                   4,133    2,723,928
  Arts, entertainment, recreation, accommodation and food services          1,407    1,204,211
  Other services (except public administration)                             1,284     761,154
  Public administration                                                     1,049     668,811
Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Census 2000




Commute to Work

As the economy progressively shifts to a broader global market, the dynamics of
transportation to and from work change as well. Over the past ten years, commute times
have not only increased for the state, but also in Yuba County. In 1990, less than
approximately 1,400 people were commuting 45 to 59 minutes to work each day, and in
2000 that number increased to just under 2,000. According to the table, a large portion of
the labor force lives 5 to 24 minutes away from work. However, a significant amount of
people (1,261) are commuting 60 to 89 minutes. It can be assumed that these people are
either traveling to Sacramento or Chico for their jobs. See “commute to work” table for
information on the Greater Sacramento Area and the state.




                                                           Page 4.7
Table 19- Commute Time to Work
                                           Percent                 Percent    % Change
Area/Commute Time                  1990    of Total        2000    of Total   1990-2000
California
   Less than 5 minutes        369,388        2.6%       324,703      2.2%        -12.1%
   5 to 9                   1,401,052       10.1%      1,280,443     8.8%         -8.6%
   10 to 14                 2,003,503       14.4%      1,930,263    13.3%         -3.7%
   15 to 19                 2,218,038       15.9%      2,157,970    14.9%         -2.7%
   20 to 24                 1,949,409       14.0%      2,004,060    13.8%         2.8%
   25 to 29                   745,319        5.3%       782,241      5.4%         5.0%
   30 to 34                 1,928,534       13.8%      2,025,657    13.9%         5.0%
   35 to 39                   341,649        2.5%       366,487      2.5%         7.3%
   40 to 44                   460,952        3.3%       528,043      3.6%        14.6%
   45 to 59                 1,010,271        7.2%      1,151,598     7.9%        14.0%
   60 to 89                   769,029        5.5%       933,123      6.4%        21.3%
   90 or more                 290,239        2.1%       483,698      3.3%        66.7%
   Worked at home             452,867        3.2%       557,036      3.8%        23.0%
Greater Sacramento Area
   Less than 5 minutes            22,400     3.1%        21,214      2.5%         -5.3%
   5 to 9                         81,491    11.1%        82,272      9.7%         1.0%
   10 to 14                   114,619       15.6%       121,234     14.2%         5.8%
   15 to 19                   127,143       17.4%       130,321     15.3%         2.5%
   20 to 24                   117,562       16.0%       128,693     15.1%         9.5%
   25 to 29                       47,443     6.5%        53,843      6.3%        13.5%
   30 to 34                       93,328    12.7%       118,845     13.9%        27.3%
   35 to 39                       16,489     2.3%        22,869      2.7%        38.7%
   40 to 44                       19,195     2.6%        27,149      3.2%        41.4%
   45 to 59                       38,204     5.2%        55,683      6.5%        45.8%
   60 to 89                       21,252     2.9%        32,562      3.8%        53.2%
   90 or more                     10,465     1.4%        23,594      2.8%       125.5%
   Worked at home                 23,180     3.2%        34,083      4.0%        47.0%
Yuba County
   Less than 5 minutes              932      4.5%           843      3.8%         -9.5%
   5 to 9                          2,556    12.4%         2,690     12.2%         5.2%
   10 to 14                        3,906    18.9%         3,565     16.2%         -8.7%
   15 to 19                        3,872    18.7%         3,338     15.2%        -13.8%
   20 to 24                        2,471    11.9%         2,263     10.3%         -8.4%
   25 to 29                         769      3.7%           831      3.8%         8.1%
   30 to 34                        1,764     8.5%         2,547     11.6%        44.4%
   35 to 39                         253      1.2%           548      2.5%       116.6%
   40 to 44                         463      2.2%           536      2.4%        15.8%
   45 to 59                        1,427     6.9%         1,981      9.0%        38.8%
   60 to 89                        1,101     5.3%         1,261      5.7%        14.5%
   90 or more                       393      1.9%           696      3.2%        77.1%
   Worked at home                   782      3.8%           891      4.1%        13.9%
Data Source: U.S. Census Bureau




                                                      Page 4.8
Major Employers
Some of the most prominent manufacturing employers in Yuba County are involved in
wood products manufacturing. Steel manufacturing and publications are also present
among the top ten manufacturers in the county.

Table 20- Top Manufacturing Employers
                                  Year Established                                          # of
Company                              in County            Product Manufactured        Employees     Unionized
Yuba River Molding and Millwork           1977        House Molding Manufacturer              200         Yes
Frank M. Booth                            1912        Steel Fabrication                       180         Yes
Appeal Democrat                           1849        Daily Newspaper                         120         No
PFI/BOLIN                                 1997        Wood Manufacturer                       100         No
Medallion Millwork                        1980        Wood Products                           80          No
Homewood Truss                            1990        Wood Manufacturer                       70          No
Anderson Truss Company                    2003        Wood Manufacturer                       65          No
Fast Fabricators, Inc.                    1991        Pipe/Steel Fabrication                  55
Windsor Republic Door, Inc.               1976        Door Manufacturer                       50          Yes
Source: Yuba County Office of Economic Development


Top service employers in Yuba County operate in a diverse range of industries, from
health care to retail trade, to transportation, and warehousing.

Table 21- Top Service Employers
                              Year Established                                         # of
Company                          in County        Nature of Service Provided     employees    Unionized
Rideout Hospital                   1907          Medical Care                          962           No
Wal-Mart                           2003          Retail                                300           No
Baldwin Contracting Co.                          Roadwork                          150-200          Yes
Yuba-Sutter Disposal, Inc.         1921          Disposal Services                     115          Yes
Gold Country Bank, NA                            Banking/Finance                        70           No
Sleep Train Amphitheatre           2000          Concert Facility                  Seasonal          No
Don McCullough                     1983          Daimler Chrysler Dealership                         No
Mervyn’s                                         Department Store
Albertson’s                                      Food and Drug Retailer
United Parcel Service                            Package Delivery
Food Maxx                                        Warehouse Grocery Store

Source: Yuba County Office of Economic Development


Top government and quasi-governmental employers include Beale Air Force Base and
the Marysville Unified School District. The job count for Beale Air Force Base includes
active-duty military jobs as well as civilian jobs on base.




                                                     Page 4.9
Table 22- Top Governmental Employers
Company                           Number of Employees
Beale Air Force Base                             4,312
Marysville School District                       1,000
County of Yuba                                       805
Yuba Community College District                      700
California Transportation Dept.                      650
City of Marysville                                    75
Source: Yuba County Office of Economic Development


Employee Recruitment

One Stop
1114 Yuba Street
Marysville, CA
(530) 741-4151
www.1stop2work.com

The One-Stop Center is a part of a network of workforce development agencies dedicated
to providing services to employers and connecting prospective employees with business
needs. Goals include retaining and expanding businesses, and reducing unemployment in
the Yuba and Sutter counties. The One Stop centers offer highly effective and easy
access to career development and employment services for both job seekers and
employers, as well as provide coordinated referrals among various employment and
training programs located throughout Colusa, Sutter and Yuba counties. Customers can
obtain the following services: Internet access to employment and training resources,
regional and statewide labor market information, job search strategies and placement, job
opening information, skill assessments, career exploration and career counseling,
eligibility information on local employment and training programs, computer tutorials,
and employer assistance in hiring and retaining employees.


California Employment Development Department
1114 Yuba Street
Marysville, CA
(530) 741-4151

The EDD is under the California Health and Human Services Agency. Job seeking
services include job referral, job search workshops, placement services, and special
assistance to individuals who are experiencing difficulty in finding work. Services to
employers include matching job openings with qualified candidates and specialized
recruitment campaigns.

Pre-Employment Training
Yuba College Job Training Office
2088 North Beale Road
Marysville, CA 95901


                                                 Page 4.10
(530) 741-6707

Yuba College offers technical and occupational classes to help students gain or improve
job skills. A variety of certificates of completion and training are offered in categories
including, but not limited to, the following:

       Administration of Justice                       Family and consumer studies
       Corrections                                     Fire technology
       Agriculture, environmental                      Food service management
        horticulture, and technology                    Human services
       Architectural drafting art                      Laser optics/photonics
       Automotive technology                           Manufacturing technology
       Business                                        Mass communication
       Cosmetology                                     Measurement science
       Early childhood education                       Nursing
       Electronic technology                           Veterinary
       Emergency medical technician


One Stop
1114 Yuba Street
Marysville, CA
(530) 741-6213
www.1stop2work.com

Adult Education: The purpose of Adult Education is to assist people in overcoming
barriers to employment and/or advancement on the job and to help them bring their skills
up to the minimum requirements for other classes in which they may wish to participate.

Business Communications: The purpose of the business communication class is to assist
students in overcoming barriers to employment and/or advancement on the job and to
help new students bring their test scores up to the minimum requirements for the classes
they wish to participate in. The class is also for those students desiring to work on a GED
or an Adult High School Diploma. In general, adults learn business math skills and how
to use them in a variety of business applications. Communication skills are taught,
reviewed, and applied.

Courses Offered:

       ABE – Adult Basic Education offers classes at the pre-high school level.

       GED – General Education Degree offers high school level instruction to prepare
        students for GED exam.

       ESLM - English as a Second Language program emphasizes practical English for
        daily life and employment situations.



                                        Page 4.11
On-the-Job-Training
Tri-County Regional Occupation Program (ROP)
146 Garden Hwy
Yuba City, CA 95991
(530) 822-5180

ROP classes are designed to meet student needs by providing the following:

      Entry-level job preparation
      An upgrade of present skills
      Preparation for advanced occupational training

ROP offers courses designed to prepare students to enter specific career areas. These
areas include:

      Agricultural Technology
      Business
      Health Care
      Industrial Arts
      Distribution (job finding)


One Stop
1114 Yuba Street
Marysville, CA
(530) 741-6213
www.1stop2work.com

Year-Round Youth Program (ages 14 to 21): The JTPA (Job Training Participation Act)
youth work experience program provides students with the opportunity to develop a
capacity for problem solving, communication, and continued learning in the workplace.
Through school supervised work experience, students can learn good work habits and
skills in a job setting.

Through the JTPA program, youth may receive the following services:

      Pre-employment and work maturity skills training
      Job specific occupational skills training
      Basic skills remediation/academic enrichment
      Innovative work experience
      Subsidized work experience or paid internships support services (e.g.,
       transportation or child care)




                                        Page 4.12

								
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