CSS Syllabus

					Compulsory Subjects
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Essay English Islamiat Everyday Science Current Affairs Pakistan Affairs Total Marks: Optional Subjects: (subjects carrying a total of 600 marks to be selected) 100 100 100 100 100 100 600

General Knowledge

Group A
Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted. Note: Business Administration cannot be opted in combination with Public Administration 1. 2. 3. 4. Accounting & Auditing Economics Business Administration Public Administration 200 200 100 100

Group B
Subject/s carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Political Science Agriculture Forestry Sociology Journalism 200 100 100 100 100

Group C
Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted. 1. 2. Pure Mathematics Applied Mathematics 200 200

3. 4.

Computer Science Statistics

100 100

Group D (Science Subjects)
Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Physics Geology Geography Chemistry Botany Zoology 200 200 200 200 200 200

Group E (History Subjects)
Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Islamic History & Culture Indo Pak History British History European History History of the USA 200 200 200 200 100

Group F
Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted. Note: International Law CANNOT BE opted in combination with International Relations. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Law Constitutional Law Mercantile Law Muslim Law & Jurisprudence International Law International Relations 200 100 100 100 100 100

Group G
Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted.

1. 2.

Philosophy Psychology including Exp. Psychology

200 200

Group H (Regional Languages)
Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted. Regional Languages: Not more than one of the 4 subjects can be opted. 1. 2. 3. 4. Sindhi Pushto Punjabi Balochi 100 100 100 100

Group I:- (National and Foreign Languages)
Subjects carrying not more than 200 marks can be opted. National/Foreign/Classical Languages: Not more than one of 4 subjects can be opted. Note: Urdu can not be combined with Regional Languages. 1. 2. 3. 4. English Literature Urdu Persian Arabic 200 200 200 200

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Everyday Science(COMPULSORY) - Total Marks-100
1. Introduction    Nature of Science; Brief History of Science with special reference to contribution of Muslims in the evolution and development of science: Impact of science on society.

2. The Physical Sciences (a) Constituents and Structure: "Universe, Galaxy. Solar system, Sun, Earth. Minerals; (b) Processes of Nature -Solar and Lunar Eclipses Day and Night and their variation: (c) Energy :- sources and resources of Energy Energy conservation (i) Ceramics, Plastics. Semiconductors (ii) Radio. Television, Telephones. Camera. Laser. Microscope. (iii) Computers, Satellites; (iv) Antibiotics, Vaccines, Fertilizers, Pesticides, 3. Biological Sciences     The basis of life - the cell, chromosomes, genes, nucleic acids. The building blocks - Proteins. Harmones and other nutrients Concept of balanced diet. Metabolism. Survey of Plant and Animal Kingdom - a brief survey of plant and animal kingdom to pinpoint similarities and diversities in nature. The Human body - a brief account of human Physiology, Human behaviour.

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Suggested Readings

Title 1 2 3 4 5 Exploring life Sciences Exploring Physical Sciences Guide to Science Science Restated Principles of Animal Biology

Author Turber, Kilburn & Howell Turber, Kilburn & Howell Isaac Asimov Cassidy Khan, M. Rafiq

Current Affairs (COMPULSORY) (Marks- -100)
Candidates will be expected to display such general knowledge of History,Geography and Politics as is necessary to interpret current affairs.             Pakistan's relations with its neighbours. Pakistan's relations with Middle Eastern. African and Far Eastern Countries. Pakistan relations with big powers. International Economic issues and Pakistan. Pakistan's role in regional and international organizations. Nuclear politics in South Asia. Structure of Pakistan's economy, economic planning and development strategies Central Issues and problems in the Educational Systems. Issues in Pakistan Politics. Superpowers and the Issues of World Order. Major Contemporary Crises. Major Economic, social and political issues of the world as reflected and discussed in periodicals and newspapers.

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Suggested Readings

Title 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Great Powers Main Spring of Indian and Pakistani Foreign Policies Pakistan's Foreign Policy Pakistan and the Great Powers Pakistan and the UN Pakistan the long view Political System of Pakistan Politics in Pakistan World Politics since 1945 Conflict and Cooperation in the Indian Ocean; Pakistan's interests and Choices The Security of South Asia The Military and Politics in Pakistan Development Strategies of Pakistan The Management of Pakistan's economy 1947 to 1982

Author G. W. Choudhry S.M. Burke S.M. Burke M Ahsan Choudhry M Ahsan Choudhry Lawrence Ziring et. al. Khalid B. Sayeed Khalid B. Sayeed P. Calvocrassi Pervaiz Iqbal Cheema Stephen P. Cohen Hasan Askari Rizvi M. L. Qureshi Ahmed, V., Rashid Ahmed

Pakistan Affairs (Compulsory)


1. Evolution and growth of Muslim Society in the Sub-continent. 2. Ideology of Pakistan-Definition and Elucidation. Historical aspects Muslim rule in the sub-continent, its downfall and efforts of Renaissance. Movements for reforms-Sheikh Ahmed Sarhindi, Shah Waliullah, Aligarh, Deoband, Na&wah, Anjarnun Hamiat-e-Islam and other Educational Institutions- Sind Madressah and Islamia College Peshawar. Ideology of Pakistan in the lights of speeches and sayings of Allama Iqhal and Quaid-i-Azam 3. Pakistan Movement-Historical developments, important event. role of various individuals, communities and groups. 4. Political Developments in Pakistan since 1947 and efforts for pro mulgation of Islamic system. 5. Land and People of Pakistan-Geography. Society. Natural resources. Agriculture, Industry, Education with reference to characteris tics, trends and problems.

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Suggested Readings

Title 1 Ideological Orientations of Pakistan 2 Letters of Iqbal to Jinnah 3 Muslim Separatism in India and Pakistan 4 Modern Muslim India and the birth of Pakistan 5 Quaid-i-Azam and Pakistan 6 Struggle for Pakistan 7 The case for Pakistan 8 The Making of Pakistan 9 The Muslim Community of the Indo-Pakistan Subcontinent

Author Al Mujahid, Sharif Iqbal, Mohammad Hamid, Abdul Ikram, S. M. Dani, Ahmed Hassan Qureshi, I. H. Rafiq, Afzal M. Aziz, K. K. Qureshi, I. H. Mohammad Ali Ch.

10 The Emergence of Pakistan

11 Towards Pakistan 12 Pakistan A study of Political Development 1947-97 13 Ulema in Politics 14 World Scholars on Quaid-i-Azam

Waheed-uz-Zaman Hamid Yusuf Qureshi, I. H. Dani, Ahmed Hassan

Islamic History And Culture (Total Marks 200)
PAPER-I (Marks-l00)

1. Humanity at the dawn of Islam o A brief survey of major world civilization, with special emphasis on their intellectual, humanistic and special institutions - their impact on world history.

2. Advent of Islam o Life and teachings of the Holy Prophet. Foundations of a new and revolutionary world order: Institutions of Islam; Political. Social, Economic and Legal Structure of the Islamic polity. The Quran: Emphasis on the study of Nature and Research. Changes brought by Islam in human thinking and behaviour.


3. Foundation of Muslim State o Early conquests of the Khulfa-i-Rashidin; Administrative and legal structure of the State. Political and Ideological differences and the emergence of the Ummayyads: Expansion and consolidation of the Empire.

4. The Grandeur of Islam o Philosophical, scientific and Literary Progress of the Muslims during the Abbasid period.

5. The Ottoman Caliphate o Turkish march towards Europe. Political structure of the Turkish Empire, salient features of their administration, decline and disintegration. PAPER-II (Marks - 100)

1. Islam in Africa and Spain 2. Muslim achievements in Natural and Social Sciences: o Schools of Baghadad, Spain and Iran, Muslim contribution to History, Science. Medicine and other branches of human civilization.

3. Muslim Arts o Muslims' contribution in architecture, music, painting, handicrafts,

pottery, calligraphy, etc. 4. Renaissance and Reformation o Origin of this intellectual revolution; Contribution of' Muslim Universities and Seminaries in Spain and Baghdad: Dissemination of Muslim learning's in the West.

5. Modem World o Impact of Islam on Western thought, social institutions and economic policies.

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Suggested Readings

Title 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Discovering Islam - Making Sense of Muslim History and Society Islam: Ideology and Leading Issues The Spirit of Islam Aspects of Islamic Civilization: The Muslim World Depicted Through Its Literature The Preaching of Islam - A History of the Muslim Faith The History of Philosophy in Islam History of the Islamic People Spanish Islam Studies on the Civilization of Islam

Author Ahmed, Akbar S. Ali, Anwar Ali, S. Ameer Arberry, A.J. Arnold, T.W. Boer, T.J. De Brockelmann, Carl (ed) Dozy, R. Gibb Hamilton A.R. Glawash, Ahmed A. Grunebaum, G.E. Voni Holts, P.M. and Lewis, Bernard Irving, T.B. Lewis, Bernard Munir, Muhammad Nadawi, Abu Hassan Ali Rogers, Michael Saunders, J.J. Savory, R.M. (ed) Schacht, Joseph & Bosworth, C.E.

10 The Religion of Islam Vol. I & II 11 Classical Islam; A History 600-1258 12 Cambridge History of India 13 Islam Resurgent: The Islamic World Today 14 Islam: From Prophet Muhammad to the Capture of Constantinpole

15 Islam in History 16 Islam and the Modern World 17 The Making of the Past; the Spread of Islam 18 A History of Medieval Islam 19 Introduction to Islamic Civilization 20 The Legecy of Islam

(eds) 21 Islamic History - A New Interpretation AD 750 - 1055 22 A History of Muslim Philosophy 23 Muslim Thought: Its Origin and Achievements 24 Studies in Islamic History Shaban, M.A. Sharif, M.M. Mohammed Hanif Nadvi

Chemistry(Total Marks-200
PAPER - I (Marks 100)

1. Atomic structure: Quantum theory, Schrodinger equation, Particle in box, hydrogen atom. Hydrogen moleculcion, hydrogemi mole cule. Theories of hydrogen and metallic bonding. 2. Electrochemistry: Ionic equilibria, theory of strong electrolytes; ebyeHuckel theory of activity coefficients, galvanic cells. memberane equilibria and fuel cells. Theories of Acids and Bases, glass electrode. incasuremnent of pH. Electroloysis. overvoltage and corrosion 3. Thermodynamics: First law of thermodynamics, internal energy, cnthalphy functions, Thermochemistry, Entropy and second law of Thermodynamics, Free energy and chemical equilibrium 4. Chemistry of Following Elements: Oxygen, Carbon, Chlorine, Silicon, Nitrogen. Phosphorus. 5. Metallurgy of the Following Elements: Copper, Aluminium, Iron and Silver. 6. Inorganic Chemical Industries: Sulphuric Acid, Fixation of Nitrogen, Chemical Fertilizers, Semi-conductivity devices, Cement, Glass and Ceramics. 7. Chemistry of Transition Elements: General characteristics of the group based on the electronic configum-amion of the elements, Complex com pounds. Nature of Coordinate Bond, Historical development, Applications of Valence Bond, Molecular Orbital and Crystal Field Theories to explain the structures of the Complex Compounds. 8. Pollution: Water, air. PAPER-lI (Marks - 100)

1. Theory of chemical Bonding: Elements of Valence bond and molecular orbital theories (idea of bonding, non-bonding and anti-bonding orbitals) Sigma and Pi bonds. Hybridization. Shape of molecules. 2. Chemica! Kinetics: Rate law and its determination Order of reaction. Experimental methods. Temperature Dependence of rate con stants. Study of mechanism of a few selected reactions (1st and 2nd under reaction only). 3. Surface Chemistry and Catalysis: Physical adsorption and chemisorption. Surface area determination. Homogeneous and Hetrogeneous Catalysis. Acidbase and Enzyme Catalysis. 4. Physical Organic Chemistry: Elements of Organic reaction mechanism Optical and Geometric Isomarism Conformational analysis, Resonance, H Bond and its effects on the properties of Organic Compounds. 5. Organic Halogen Compounds: Types and Synthetic application, Grignard Reagents. 6. Chemistry of Carbonyl Compounds: Types of Carnobyl nv Comnpounds. Preparation and reactions of Aldehydes and ketones 7. Aromatic Chemistry: Structure of Benzene with particular refer ence to Mechanism of Electrophilic Substitution Reactions.

8. Organic Nitrogen Compounds: Diazonium Salts amid their synthetic applications, Preparation and reactions of Aromatic Amino Compounds, Introduction to the Study of Dyes with particular reference to Azodyes. 9. Chemistry of Natural Products: Elementary study of Carbohydrates, Oils and Fats, Alkaloids and Vitamins. 10. Industrial Organic Chemistry: Organic Polymers, Fermentation processes including preparation of Anti-Biotics, Petro-Chemical Industry.

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Suggested Readings

Title 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry 3rd Ed. Inorganic Chemistry, 3rd Ed. 1983 Physical Chemistry 3rd Ed. Physical Chemistry 5th Ed. University Chemistry Introduction to Organic Chemistry 2nd Ed. Mechanism & Structure in Organic Chemistry Organic Chemistry 2nd Ed.

Author Cotton, F.A. and Wilkinson Groffrey Hukeavy, James E. Barrow, Gardon M. Moore, Walter J. Mahan, B.H. Streitwieser, A. Jr. Gould, Edwards Morrison, Robert Thornton & Boyd R.N.

Law (Total Marks - 200)
Paper I (Marks - 100) Civil Procedure Code, Contract Act and Law of Torts. Paper II (Marks - 100) Qanun-e-Shahadat 1984, Code of Criminal Procedure and Panel Code.

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Suggested Readings

Title 1 2 3 4 5 6 Crminal Procedure Code Law of Torts Pakistan Panel Code Qanun-e-Shahadat The Law of Contract The Civil Procedure Code

Author Shaukat Mahmud Choudhry, A. M. Shaukat Mahmud 1984 Dr. M. A. Mannan Aamir Raza

Constitutional Law (Total Marks - 100)
Principles of Constitutional Law with special reference to United Kingdom, United States of America, France, Former Union of Soviet Socialist Republic, Pakistan and India.

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Suggested Readings

Title 1 2 3 4 Constitutin of Pakistan Constitutional Development of Pakistan Governments and Parties in Continental Europe Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution

Author Monir, M. Choudhry, A. G. Lowell, A. L. Dicey

International Law (Total Marks - 100)
International Law: Public International Law, Important cases decided by the permanent court of International Justice, the International Court of Justice and U.N.O., Law of the Sea

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Suggested Readings

Title 1 Public International Law 2 Territorial Waters and Maritime Zones Act., 1976

Author Brownlie

3 UN Convention on Law of the Sea 1984

Political Science Total Marks-200
PAPER - I (Marks-100 )

PART 'A' Political Theory

1. Western Political Thought Plato, Aristotle, Machiavelli, Montesquieu, Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Bentham, Mill, Marx, Lenin, Mao 2. Muslim Political Thought AI-Farabi, Al-Mawardi, Nizam-ul-Mulik Tusi, Al-Ghazali, Ibn-I-Khaldun, Iqbal Part 'B' 1. The nature and emergence of Modern state system, Islamic concept of state. 2. Political concepts, Sovereignty, Law, Liberty, Equality, Rights and Duties. 3. Political Dynamics: Public Opinion, Propaganda, Political Parties, Pressure Groups. 4. Political Institutions: Legislature, Executive, Judiciary. Political Elites, Civil and Military Bureaucracy. 5. Forms of Government: Monarchy, Democracy. Dictatorship Unitary and Federal, Presidential and Parliamentary 6. Totalitarianism: Fascism, Communism. 7. Local Self-government: Theory and Practice with special reference to Pakistan.

PAPER-II (Marks - 100)



Selected Political Systems: Nature and dynamics of major political institutions in U.S.A., U.K., France and Former Soviet Union,


  

Political Systems of developing countries: Turkey, Iran, India and China. Rise of Muslim Nationalism in South Asia with special reference to the role of Sir Syed Abmed Khan, lqbal and Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah. A comparative and critical analysis of the 1956, 1962, 1973 and 1985 Constitutions of Pakistan.

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Suggested Readings

Title 1 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. History of Muslim Philosophy Constitutional Development in Pakistan Comparative Politics; A World View Contemporary Political Analysis Government & Parliament: A Survey from the Inside Government and Politics in Pakistan History of Political Theory History of Political Theories Political Thought in Medieval Islam

Author M.M. Sharif G.W. Choudhry Almond & Powell Garles Worth James Herbert Morrison Mushtaq Ahmed George H. Sabine William A. Dunning Rosenthal Rosenthal William Edenstein Samuel H. Beer & Adam B. Ullam Keith Callard V.O. Key Jr. Roy, C. Macradis (ed) Khalid Bin Sayeed Earnest Barker

10. Modern Islamic State 11. Political Thought in Perspective 12. Pattern of Government 13. Pakistan: A Political Study 14. Politics, Parties and Pressure Groups 15. Modern Political Systems: Asia 16. Politics in Pakistan: Nature and Direction of Change 17. Reflection on Government

18. South-East Asia Political System 19. The Political System of Pakistan 20. Nizam-ul-Mulk Tusi, Published by Muhammad Ashraf, Lahore, 1978

Lucian W. Pye Khalid Bin Sayeed Rizvi, S. Rizwan Ali Prof. Dr. Rizwan Ali Rizvi

21. Nizam-ul-Mulk Tusi (Urdu), Karachi University 1995

English Literature (Total Marks - 200)
Paper - I (Marks 100)

Detailed study of a literary age (19th century) The paper will cover the study of English Literature from 1798 to 1900 with special reference to the works of W. Blake, Wordsworth, Shelly, Keats, Byron, Charles Lamb, Dickens, Tennyson, Robert Browning, Hardy, George Eliot, J.S. Mill, Ruskin and Oscar Wilde. Evidence of first hand eading will be required. The paper will be designed to test not only the candidate's knowledge of the prescribed authors works but also their understanding of the main literary trends during the period. Questions having a bearing on the social and cultural background of the Period also be included. Paper - II (Marks 100)

The paper will require first hand knowledge of the text prescribed as well as general awareness of the authors major works, and will be desigmed to test the candidates critical ability. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Shakespeare Swift Jane Austen Shaw Yeats T. S. Eliot D. H. Lawrence Earnest Hamingway Samuel Backet Robert Frost Hamlet Gullivers Travels Pride and Prejudice Pygmalion The Second Coming, Sailing to Byzanthium, Among School children The Waste Land Sons & Lovers Old Man & The Sea Waiting for Godot The Pasture, Revelation, The Tuft of Flowers, After Apple Picking, Mending Wall, The Road Not Taken, An Old Man's Winter Night, Birches, Fire and Ice, Stopping by Woods, West running brook, Desert Places

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Suggested Readings

Title 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 After Strange Gods A Guide to English Literature Common Pursuit D. H. Lawrence Dickens, the Novelist Gulliver and the Gentle Reader George Eliot: The Critical Heritage History of English Literature History of English Literature Hardy, The Novelist Hardy; The Critical Heritage In Memorium in Essay Ancient and Modern Lawrence Romantic Poetry Robert Browning Swift Shakespeare's Later Comedies; An anthology of Modern Criticism The World of Swift The Art of Swift The Dark Sun, a study of Lawrence The Love Ethics of Lawrence The Lonely Tower Studies in the Poetry of Yeats The Last Romantics The Wheel of Fire The 19th Century Background The Great Tradition The Odes of Keats Tennyson Tennyson: The Critical Heritage The Poetry of Browning Use of Poetry and Use of Criticism 20th Century Views The Romantics Image

Author Eliot T. S. Ford, B. Pelican series 7 Vols. Leavis F. R. Leavis F. R. Leavis F. R. Rowson, C.J. Carol D. (ed) Legouis and Cazamian Hudson Cecil, D. Cox, R.G. (ed) Eliot, T.S. Kermode, F. Abrahams, M.H. Amstrange, J. (ed) Steel, P. Preacher and Jester Palmer, D.J. (ed) Vickers, B. (ed) Probyn, C.T. Hough, Graham Silk, M. Henna, T.R. Hough, G. Knight, G. Willson Basil Willey Leavis, F.R Holloway, T. Camb Ricks, C. Jump, J.D. Drew, P. Eliot, T.S. Abrahams, M.H. Kermode, F.

Business Administration (Total Marks - 100)

Candidates will he asked to attempt total Five questions including one compulsory (objective type) question. They will attempt at least one question (out of two) from each part. Short note within the question (with-omit choice) can also he given. PART-I MANAGEMENT 1. Nature And Scope of Management-Different Schools of thought. 2. Planning - Planning process; Planning tools; Change Management. 3. Organisation - Type of Organisation; Theory of Organisation; Group dynamics ; Staffing. 4. Actuating-Leading; Approaches to Leadership-Coordinating: Communicating; Motivating. 5. Controlling-Budgetary Control; Budgetary process. PART-II PRINCIPLES OF MARKETING 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. An overview of Marketing. Marketing's Role in Society and inside a Firm. Environment of Marketing. Strategic Planning and Marketing. Marketing Mix i.e. Product, Pricing, Place (Distribution, Channels), Wholesaling, Retailing, Sales Promotion (Advertising, Public Relations). 6. Global Marketing. PART-III FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT 1. Nature and Scope of Financial Management 2. Interpretation of Financial Statement-Ratio analysis, Trend analysis-Common size analysis. 3. Time Value of Money-Concept of TVM; Net Present Value; Pay Back period; Internal rate of return. 4. Working Capital Management - Cash Management; Receivable Management; Inventory Management. 5. Port Folio Management-Types of Investment; Financial Securities; Diversification of Risk. 6. Accounting - Accounting Cycles, Preparation of Financial Statements; Balance Sheet, Income Statement.

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Suggested Readings

Title 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. Management The New Management Management Management Management Marketing Management Fundamentals of Marketing Marketing Marketing Putting Total Quality Management at Work Fundamentals of Financial Management Essentials of Managerial Finance Financial Management

Author Robins Stephen P. Robert M. Fulmer Horold Koontz and Heinz Weihrich James A. F. Stoner and Charles Wanke Arthur G. Bedeian Philip Kotler William J. Stanton Joel R. Evans Courtland L. Bovee Marshal Sashkin and Kenneth J. Kiser Van Horn J. Fred Weston, Eugene & Brigham Gitt Man


(Total Marks - 100)

1. Individual, Culture and Society : Individual as a social product. The variety of social forms. Methods of socialization, Ethnocentricism, Norms and Values, Cultural Patterns, Varieties of sub-cultures. 2. Sociological Theory : The sociological perspectives- Evolutionary, order and conflict, Evolutionary Theorists : Ibn-i-Khaldun Spencer and Tannis, Order Theorists: August Comte, Emile Durkheim, Max Weber, Conflict Theorists : George Hegel. Karl Mars. Lewis Coser, Mills. 3. Methods of Sociological Research: Research Design, Surveys, Participant Observation. Experiments, Case Studies. 4. Social Interaction : Significance of social classes. Forms of social classesTribes. Biradaris, Castes, Classes and Feudal system in Pakistan. Social Mobility-nature of social mobility. Mobility determinants in Pakistan society, Social immobility. Culture in poverty. 5. Social Control: Mechanisms of social control-internal and external means of social control. Alienation, Integration-integrative pat terns in Pakistani Society. 6. Social and Cultural Change and Social Policy Processes of Social and Cultural

Change-discovery, invention, diffusion. Factors in the rate of social and culture change, Incentives and inhibitions to social and cultural change in Pakistan Social planning and directed social and cultural change. 7. Community: The rural community, Traditional Characteristics of rural life, The urban community. Rural-Urban convergence, Urbanism, Future of cities in Pakistan. 8. Social Institutions: The nature and genesis of institutions, the process of institutions, Functions and Trade of Social Institutions, Family, Religion, Educational, Economic and Political Institutions. 9. Social Problems in Pakistan: Population Growth. Demographic Transition: Deviant Behaviour, Institutionalised evasions, social conflicts, internal and international Migration, Aging, Drug abuse, Prostitution. Smuggling, Illiteracy and Poverty.

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Suggested Readings

Title 1 Anthropology: The Study of Man 2. Pakistani Society 3. Contemporary Social Problems 4. Contemporary Sociological Theories 5. Family in Asia 6. Ibn-i-Khaldun: His Life and Works 7. Master of Sociological Thought 8. Pakistani Society 9. Sociology 10. Strategies in Social Research 11 Sociology; Role & Relationship 12. Social Problems 13. Social Change and History 14. Feudal System in Pakistan 15. The Sociology of Rural Life 16. The Sociology of Social Problems 17. The Sociology of Religion

Author Adamson Hoebel, E. Akbar Ahmed, S. Robert K. Merton Pitrim Sorokin Man Singh Das & Pahos D. Bardis M. Abdullah Enan Lewis A. Coser M. Iqbal Chaudhry Ogburn & Nimkoff Smith, H.W. Everett K. Wilson Jon. M. Shepard & Voss Robert Nisbet Nawab Haider Naqvi Lynn Smith, T. Horton & Leslie Max Weber

Journalism (Mass Communication)

Total Marks-100

Note: Candidate will be asked to attempt total five questions including one compulsory (objective type) question. They will attempt at least two questions from each Section. Short note within the question (without choice) can also be given. SECTION-A  Concept and process of communication : Source, Message, Channel, Destination. Encoding, Decoding, Noise, Feedback Oral vs. Written Communication, Two step flow of Communication, Role of Opinion Leader. Information and Journalism--Functions : Scanning the Horizon and reporting back. 1. 2. 3. 4.  News function Educational Function Opinion for motives Entertainment function


Pakistan Press, An overview of the evolution of the Muslim Press in South Asia before 1947 and development of the Pakistan Press since 1947, its social economic aspect; Trends and Characteristics: Problems and Prospects. Mass Media Components, functions and effects, Mass Media in Pakistan: Size and dispersion: Role in national development, Prospects and problems.


SECTION-B       News. Principles and techniques of News writing. Editorial Definition, ingredients, Types and functions of writing of Editorials. Public Relations : Definition, Purpose and scope, Ethics, PR in Pakistan Duties of PRO: PR Procedures and Processes. Magazine Journalism: Mag-Journalism in Pakistan. Types, Functioning Purpose its social aspects and scope. Press Release, Press Note, and Press Communication: Definitions and Basic ingredients, Writing of Press Release, Press Note and Press Communique. Advertising: Definition, functions, types and purpose. Its social and economic aspects, principles of successful advertising. Press Laws: Press Laws in Pakistan (gradual developments) and the Right to Know concepts of press freedom and responsibility, Ethics of Journalism.

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Suggested Readings

Title 1 Advertising Operations and Management 2. Contemporary Public Relations 3. Communication in Power 4. Exploring Journalism 5. Editor and Editorial Writing 6. Handbook of Public Relations 7. Journalism in Pakistan 8. Mass Communication 9. Newspaper Organization and Management 10. Practical Newspaper Reporting 11. Process and Effects of Mass Communication 12. Radio & T.V. Writing 13. Iblagh-e-Aama (Urdu) 14. Sahafat Pakistan-o-Hind Mein (Urdu) 15. Fun-e-Idarat (Urdu) 16. Fun-e-Sahafat (Urdu) 17. Fun-e-Idaria Naweesi (Urdu)

Author Beinton Garkan Gene & Scott Herbert Brucver Wosley and Campbell A Gayle Waldrop Stephenson, Howard Dr. Abdus Salam Khurshid Wilbur Schram Rucker Geofrey Haris & David Spark Wilbur Schram Max Wylic Mehdi Hassan Dr. Abdus Salam Khurshid Dr. Maskin Ali Hijazi Dr. Abdus Salam Khurshid Dr. Maskin Ali Hijazi

History of Pakistan And India (Total Marks- 200)

PAPER - I (Marks-100)

712-1857 (Excluding arrival of European nations decline and fall of Muslim Rule)      Arrival of the Muslims in the sub-continent, foundation of Muslim Rule administrative system and reforms under the Sultans and the Mughals. Structure of the Muslim society. Industry, trade and commerce under the Muslim patronage. the Army. Financial administration, Zakat. Ushr. Kharaj etc. Administration of Justice - Sufis and Ulema - the Madrassahs and Maktabs Auqaf Art and architecture. literature, sports, dress-Muslim contribution to scientific

knowledge - Policy of the Muslim rules towards non-Muslims. The spirit and legacy of Muslim civilization. PAPER - II (Marks-100)

Part A: 1857-1947 1. Arrival of European nations-decline and fall of Muslim Rule, contributions of Shah Wali Ullah, Syed Ahmed Shaheed and Sir Syed Ahmed Khan towards regeneration of the Muslim - Hindu reform movements and anti-Muslim role of Hindu leaders. 2. Constitutional reforms of the British Government and growth of the Political Parties-Indian National Congress. All India Muslim league Partition of Bengal. Simla Deputation. Role of Nawab Mohsin-uI-MuIk. Nawab Viqar-ul-Mulk. 3. Syed Ameer Ali, the Agha Khan and other Muslim leaders Lucknow pact: Khilafat movement Contribution of Maulana Muhammad Ali, Allama Iqbal, Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad All Jinnah for Muslim uplift and welfare. 4. Nehru report, Quaid-i-Azam's Fourteen Points. Allama Iqbal's Allahabad Address 1930, Round Table Conference. The Congress role in the provinces, Lahore Resolution 1940, various missions and plans for the partition of the sub-continent. 5. Quaid-i-Azam as an organizer of the Muslim League Muslim leader and maker of Pakistan. PAKISTAN SINCE 1947 Part B  Constitution making in Pakistan-various attempts at constitution making. Difficulties in establishing a parliamentary democracy. imposition of various Martial Laws, nature of Pakistan's economy. development plaits. Role of foreign aid. Separation of East Pakistan, causes and effect: Pakistan and the world-major powers, Islamic world, relations with India. Social and intellectual trends after 1947. Contribution of Quaid-i Azam as First Governor General and Liaquat All Khan as first Prime Minister.

 

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Suggested Readings

Title 1 Constitutional Development in Pakistan 2. Constitutional History of India

Author G.W. Choudhry Keith A.B.

3. Early India & Pakistan 4. Five Thousand Years of Pakistan 5. Government and Politics in Pakistan 6. Pakistan & India 7. Political System in Pakistan 8. Pakistan; The Formitive Phase 9. Studies in Islamic Culture in Indian Environment

Wheeler Mortimer Wheeler R.E.M. Ahmed Mushtaq G.W. Choudhry Khalid Bin Saeed Khalid Bin Saeed Aziz Ahmed Richard Symond Afzal, Rafique Hodson, H.V. Khan, Asghar Kulke, Hermann & Rothermond, Dietmar Wriggins, W.H. (ed)

10. The Making of Pakistan 11 Political Parties in Pakistan Vol. I & II 12. 13. The Great Divide; Britain, India and Pakistan The Pakistan Experience - State and Religion

14. A History of India 15. Pakistan in Transition

Constitutional Law (Total Marks - 100)

Principles of Constitutional Law with special reference to United Kingdom, United States of America, France, Former Union of Soviet Socialist Republic, Pakistan and India.

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Suggested Readings

Title 1 2 3 4 Constitutin of Pakistan Constitutional Development of Pakistan Governments and Parties in Continental Europe Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution

Author Monir, M. Choudhry, A. G. Lowell, A. L. Dicey

International Law (Total Marks - 100)

International Law: Public International Law, Important cases decided by the permanent court of International Justice, the International Court of Justice and U.N.O., Law of the Sea

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Suggested Readings

Title 1 Public International Law 2 Territorial Waters and Maritime Zones Act., 1976

Author Brownlie

3 UN Convention on Law of the Sea 1984

Internationa Relations (Total Marks-100)

Part - A 1. The modern state system-history, basic features, evolving forms. 2. International Relations as a field of study, Basic Approaches- Power, Balance of Power, Imperialism, Nationalism. 3. Interaction between states-diplomacy, International Law, international economic and trade linkages-pressures in world politics. Part - B 1. Evolution of the International System since 1815 (Congress of Vienna) Historical Overview. 2. World War III. Decolonization, Rise of the Third World Alliance System (NATO, SEATO. CENTO, WARSAW PACT) Peaceful coexistence: Non-Aligned Movement Theories of Peace and Security in Nuclear Age (Deterrence. Limited war. Crisis Management etc) Détente Part - C 1. Foreign Policies of the Superpowers, major powers (USA. USSR. China) with special reference to South Asia (India. Pakistan, etc.). 2. Issues in global Politics.  Nuclear Proliferation.

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Superpower rivalry in the Indian Ocean. International economic order. Regional Security issues and crises (Afghanistan Crises Iran-Iraq war, Palestine problem, Apartheid and South Africa, Namibia, Polish crises, Eurocommunism, Central American crises etc.) Arms Control and disarmament.

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Suggested Readings

Title 1 International Politics 2. Politics among Nations 3. World Politics: An Introduction 4. An Introduction to International Politics; Power and Justics

Author K.J. Holsti Hans Morgenthan James N. Rosenau Theodor Contobius and Thomas Wolfe Tames Dougherty Gavin Boyd Peter Caloucorassi Richard Rosecrance Frederick Hartman Rasul Bux Rais Pervaiz Iqbal Cheema J. Baylis, K. Booth, P. Williams, J. Garnet

5. Contending Theories of International Relations 6. Issues in Global Politics 7. World Politics since 1945 8. International Relations: Peace or War 9. Relations of Nations 10. Indian Ocean and the Superpowers: Economic, Political and Strategic Perspectives

11. Sanctuary and War 12. Contemporary Strategy: Theories and Policies

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