Project Management The Project Manager is... The Role of by wxz21301

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									                                    Project Management                                          The Project Manager is...

    Role of a Project Manager                                                        person(s) who plans, organizes, staffs,
    Resources                                                                        evaluates, directs, controls/leads a project
    Methods                                                                          from conception to completion.
    Tools                                                                            sometimes called a ‘Champion’




Georgia State University--CIS 330                           Project Management   Georgia State University--CIS 330             Project Management




 The Role of the Project Manager                                                                                     What Resources?
   produce the specific end within the technical, cost and time
   schedule specifications                                                           ?
   meet the project objectives
   alert higher management when at any time it appears that
   objectives will not be met (no surprises)
   make or force decisions to assure project success
   recommend project termination or alternative solutions if the
   project’s objective cannot be met and if contractual obligations
   permit
   serve as the prime contact for all project stakeholders
   interface within organization (e.g. negotiate work orders,
   resources etc..)                                     Project Management                                                     Project Management
Georgia State University--CIS 330                                                Georgia State University--CIS 330




                                      What Resources?                                                                What Resources?

    People                                                                           People
    ?                                                                                Money
                                                                                     ?




Georgia State University--CIS 330                           Project Management   Georgia State University--CIS 330             Project Management




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                                    What Resources?                                                     What Resources?

    People                                                              People
    Money                                                               Money
    Time                                                                Time
    ?                                                                   Facilities
                                                                        ?



Georgia State University--CIS 330              Project Management   Georgia State University--CIS 330             Project Management




                                    What Resources?                                                     What Resources?

    People                                                              People
    Money                                                               Money
    Time                                                                Time
    Facilities                                                          Facilities
    Equipment                                                           Equipment
    ?                                                                   Material


Georgia State University--CIS 330              Project Management   Georgia State University--CIS 330             Project Management




                                    Time is different                                        Time is different because

    Time is a fundamental resource unlike the                           Time flows at a constant rate
    others.                                                             Time that is not used can never be
    It is not managed like the others                                   recovered
                                                                        Time cannot be stored for later use
                                                                        Time is a resource that interrelates all other
                                                                        resources in the project plan
                                                                        Time is the constant in project planning

Georgia State University--CIS 330              Project Management   Georgia State University--CIS 330             Project Management




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        Tools/Techniques for Tracking
                                Time                                                                 What is Interface Management?

    PERT (Program Evaluation and Review                                                             ?
    Technique)
    CPM (Critical Path Method)
    GANNT Charts
    Dependency Diagrams
    Work Flow Charting


Georgia State University--CIS 330                                          Project Management   Georgia State University--CIS 330                  Project Management




     What is Interface Management?                                                                   What is Interface Management?

    ?                                                                                               Two Forms
                                                                                                     – Product Interfaces
                                                                                                     – Project Interfaces




Georgia State University--CIS 330                                          Project Management   Georgia State University--CIS 330                  Project Management




     What is Interface Management?                                                                                                  Interface Management

      Project Interfaces                                                                            All project interfaces can be represented as
        – to customers
        – to managers
                                                                                                    interface ‘events’ or points in time that
        – to information                                                                            ‘link’ the preceding work with the following
        – to materials                                                                              activity.
              » is the right stuff where it ought to be and when it ought to be?
      Product Interfaces                                                                            Interface events form the skeletal structure
        – Performance Interfaces                                                                    around which CPM/PERT are built.
           » power, output, thruput time, speed...
        – Physical Interfaces
           » do the parts fit? do they connect?

Georgia State University--CIS 330                                          Project Management   Georgia State University--CIS 330                  Project Management




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         Goals of PERT/CPM/Network                                                      Basic elements of the Critical
                           Methods                                                                     Path Diagram

    Integration of all tasks with interface and milestone events                Events
    Reduction in total project duration through improved
                                                                                 – indicate the start or completion of one or more
    overlapping of tasks and activities
                                                                                   activities
         »work parallel ≠serial
    Identify the chain of events leading to project completion                   – graphically shown as a circle, square or ellipse
    which lie on the CRITICAL PATH                                              Activities
     – e.g. those activities which if delayed will delay the
                                                                                 – time consuming tasks or actions without tasks
       entire project and which if accelerated will enable
       earlier project completion                                                – shown as a line w/wo arrow showing the
                                                                                   logical flow from start to finish
    Integrated evaluation by all participants
Georgia State University--CIS 330                      Project Management   Georgia State University--CIS 330                      Project Management




  Interdependence between Project
                        Elements                                                              Benefits of PERT/CPM etc.
    Result of acton                                                             Improved planning and scheduling of activities
    – the completion of an activity in one project or task must                 improved forecasting of resource requirements
      be available befroe the activity in another project or
      task can begin                                                            identification of repetitive planning patterns which can be
                                                                                followed in other projects, thus simplifying the planning
    Common unit of resource                                                     process
    – a programmer, for example, must begin one task before                     ability to see and thus reschedule activities to reflect
       beginning another                                                        interproject dependencies and resource limitations
    Rate of use of common resources                                             following known priority rules
    – when rate of use exceeds the supply (time) the projects
       become interdependent on each other through the
       limited resource pool
Georgia State University--CIS 330                      Project Management   Georgia State University--CIS 330                      Project Management




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