Environmental Impact Assessment for Civil Society in Ethiopia by zsg11761

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									 Bank Netherlands Partnership Program
             EA Window
     Workshop on Lessons Learned
         December 11-12, 2003



   Environmental Impact
Assessment for Civil Society
        in Ethiopia

                                        1
        EIA for Civil Society

Workshop held in Addis Ababa, December 1-4,
2003

In collaboration between the Environmental
Protection Authority (EPA) and the Bank

Part of EPA’s EIA capacity-building program
                                              2
             Background
Livelihoods: majority subsistence farming;
Declining natural resource base;
Need for improved environmental; management;
New progressive EIA/SEA legislation;
Federal system and deepening decentralization;
Government ambivalence towards NGOs;
Ongoing Bank-EPA environmental management cap
bldg needs analysis.
                                           3
     Planning the Workshop
EPA initially requested cap bldg support for
EIA for civil society and private sector;
Decision to focus on civil society;
Planning committee established (EPA-civil
society – Bank);
Participants invited: NGOs + Gov (EIA)
officials.
                                        4
           Participants
NGO representatives (all Ethiopians)
including:
Other civil society reps, including
trade union, church and mosque;
Federal EPA staff (incl. Resource
people);
Heads of Regional EPAs.
                                   5
          Key Objectives
Provide basic knowledge on EIA to civil
society;
Inform participants of new EIA legislation;
Initiate dialogue between federal/regional
EPAs and civil society;
Develop recommendations on how EIA could
be conducted at the local level in Ethiopia.
                                        6
      Workshop Resources
Federal EPA provided local resource people
and organisational arrangements;
BNPP covered local expenses and provided
international resource people;
WB provided organizational support
through local consultants, and resource
person.
                                       7
 Workshop Resource People
    Provided by BNPP
Lead facilitator – Ethiopian environmentalist;
International specialist on EIA in Ethiopia;
Rep. of Community-based Impact Assessment
Network for Eastern Africa, from Kenya;
Rep. Eastern African Association for Impact
Assessment, from Tanzania;
Rep. of Southern African Institute for Impact
Assessment, from Namibia.
                                            8
              Content
Practical, on-the-job awareness-
creation and training;
Field work in the Rift Valley;
Joint civil society – government staff
working sessions;
Focus on developing suitable
approaches to EIA at the local level.
                                    9
       What happened?

Very dynamic workshop;
Dedicated participants;
Creative and positive interaction
between civil society, federal and
regional government representatives
Deep concern expressed over
environmental situation at Lake Zwai.
                                   10
            Outcomes
Workshop launched dialogue between
government and civil society on EIA;
Participants made aware and trained;
Recommendations made on conducting
EIA at the local level;
Specific initiatives taken.
                                  11
       Specific Initiatives
Ethiopian Association for Environmental
Impact Assessment (EAEIA) established;
Call for follow-up workshops at Regional
level to pilot development of local-level EIA
guidelines on regional basis;
Determined need for a Strategic
Environmental Assessment
(SEA)/Management Plan of Lake Zwai;
Request for federal EPA to launch dialogue
on EIA with private sector.
                                          12
              Follow-up
           5th-8th December 2003



The follow-up has been immediate and
             enthusiastic.

All four initiatives received a positive
                 response.
                                     13
Establishment of Ethiopian Association
for Environmental Impact Assessment
              Follow-up
The Director-General of the federal
federal EPA endorses the
establishment of EAEIA;

The President of Ethiopia accepts
invitation to be the Patron.        14
          Regional EIA
             Follow-up

Federal EPA agrees to finance and
facilitate regional EIA workshops in
pilot regions including addressing
environmental impacts of ongoing
government resettlement program.

                                   15
        Rift Valley Lakes
               Follow up
Federal EPA agrees to the proposal for
SEA/management plan for Lake Zwai;
EPA extends the scope to an Integrated
Environmental Management Plan for three
major Rift Valley lakes;
EPA proposes that development of plan
should be jointly coordinated by Regional
EPA and the EAEIA;
Government submits request for GEF 16
funding to determine TOR.
 EIA for the Private Sector
              Follow up
Government writes to the Bank
thanking Bank/BNPP for support for
launching the dialogue on EIA for Civil
Society;
Requests support to launch a parallel
dialogue on EIA for the Private
Sector, including assistance with the
introduction in Ethiopia of corporate
environmental responsibility.      17

								
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