UWF WRITING LAB RULES OF THUMB FOR PARALLELISM From Real Good Grammar, Too by Mamie Webb Hixon Created by April Turner PARALLELISM The secret to the parallelism test: make sure everything is the same. WRONG: Did RIGHT: Did you know you know that you that you have a have a purpose, that purpose, that you are you are needed, and needed, and that you we love you? are loved? WRONG: A good RIGHT: Having a attitude, being on good attitude, being on time, and speaking time, and speaking effectively are her effectively are her attributes. attributes. WRONG: This RIGHT: This proposal proposal is profitable, is profitable, timely, and timely, and it helps us. helpful. A FEW REMINDERS… “not only” NEEDS “but also” NOT JUST “but” EXAMPLE: Vitamin A is found not only in vegetables, but eggs and butter have it. Vitamin A is found not only in vegetables, but also in eggs and butter. A FEW REMINDERS… “either” NEEDS “neither” NEEDS “or” NOT “nor” “nor” NOT “or” EXAMPLE: EXAMPLE: The shirt must be I found neither his either red nor black. bongo playing or his The shirt must be glockenspiel practicing either red or black. objectionable. I found neither his bongo playing nor his glockenspiel practicing objectionable. QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Does anyone have any questions regarding parallelism? PLEASE ASK!!! LET’S PRACTICE!!! Many gases are invisible, odorless, and they have no taste. Many gases are invisible, odorless, and tasteless. Mr. Foster is not only an excellent barber but also sings well. Mr. Foster is not only an excellent barber but also a good singer. LET’S PRACTICE A LITTLE MORE!!! Three of the steps in filing are to code, to sort, and storing. Three of the steps in filing are to code, to sort, and to store. Without federal taxes, we would have neither an army or a navy. Without federal taxes, we would have neither an army nor a navy.
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