Writing Seminars, Writing by zux20538

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									                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Ed. Roger Graves (UWO, Writing Program) and

Writing Seminars, Writing Centres, Writing Culture                                                                                                                                                                                                             Heather Graves



                       Anglo-
Writing Instruction in Anglo-Canadian Universities

  Writing around the Curriculum                                                                                               Looking Forward
                             •This study is a follow-up to my 1994 publication where I studied writing
                             programs in Canada, Writing Instruction in Canadian Universities                              Russ Hunt, St. Thomas University, “Writing Under the Curriculum.”
                                                                                                                             •Lack of or refusal to develop first-year writing programs encourage a heterogeneous group of programs and
                             •That study showed that writing was taught across the curriculum in                             people interested in the study of writing and reading, influenced by Anglo-American literacy learning research
                             faculties as diverse as Arts, Continuing Education, Law, Agriculture and                        •Writing Across the Curriculum movements in Canada have not proliferated or grown
                             Forestry, Engineering, Commerce/Business, and Science                                           •Genre studies offer opportunity to lead to new ways of teaching writing in the context of learning in a discipline
                             •At Queen’s University, for example, writing courses were offered in                            or a workplace
                             Applied Science/Engineering, Law, and Arts
                             •At the University of Saskatchewan, writing courses were offered in Arts
                             and Sciences, Education, Engineering, Law, Pharmacy, and Physical
                             Education
                             •Conclusions: These courses were the result of unplanned curriculum
                             development and could be strengthened by university-wide Writing Across
                             the Curriculum or Writing in the Disciplines programs



                 1850-
   Looking Back: 1850-1970
    Canadian Identity and History
    Nan Johnson, “Rhetoric and Belles Lettres in the Canadian Academy: An Historical Analysis.”
      • study of rhetoric in Anglo-Canadian universities such as Dalhousie, McGill, and Toronto tied
                                                                                                                                                                         Jennifer MacLennan, U of Saskatchewan
                                                                                                                                                                        Jennifer MacLennan, U of Saskatchewan
         to the development of writing ability, development of taste or sensibility, and the inculcation of        Doug Brent, University of
                                                                                                                    Doug Brent, University of                            •Writing and Rhetoric located in
                                                                                                                                                                        •Writing and Rhetoric located in
         British values                                                                                            Calgary
                                                                                                                    Calgary
                                                                                                                   •Writing and Rhetoric
                                                                                                                    •Writing and Rhetoric
                                                                                                                                                                         Engineering Faculty
                                                                                                                                                                        Engineering Faculty                                           Brian Turner and Judith Kearns, U of
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Brian Turner and Judith Kearns, U of
    Henry Hubert and Will Garrett-Petts, “The Rhetoric of ‘Intelligent Recreation’: An Historical                  credit courses in                                     •Rhetorical approach to engineering
                                                                                                                                                                        •Rhetorical approach to engineering                           Winnipeg
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Winnipeg
                                                                                                                    credit courses in
      Narrative of English Studies in Canada.”                                                                                                                           communications
                                                                                                                                                                        communications                                                •Grew from Writing Centre roots into
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     •Grew from Writing Centre roots into
                                                                                                                   Communication
                                                                                                                   Communication                                         •Interdisciplinary graduate program in
       • late-Victorian idealism and Canadian nationalism combined to reject rhetoric from Canadian                                                                     •Interdisciplinary graduate program in                        degree programs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     degree programs
                                                                                                                   Faculty focus on
                                                                                                                    Faculty focus on
         curriculum in English departments                                                                                                                               rhetoric
                                                                                                                                                                        rhetoric                                                        Department of Rhetoric,
                                                                                                                   professional
                                                                                                                    professional                                                                                                     •• Department of Rhetoric,
    Kevin Brooks, “National Culture and the First-year English Curriculum: An Historical Study of
                                                                                                                   communication
                                                                                                                    communication                                                                                                    Writing, and Communications
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Writing, and Communications
                                                                                                                   •Effective Writing and
                                                                                                                    •Effective Writing and                                                                                            •16 faculty members
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     •16 faculty members
      “Composition” in Canadian Universities.”
                                                                                                                   Writing Centre unable to
                                                                                                                    Writing Centre unable to
       • “Composition” derided as culturally American in the 1960s and so dismissed from Canadian
                                                                                                                   shed remedial label
                                                                                                                    shed remedial label
         undergraduate curriculum as enrollments surge

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Margaret Procter, U of Toronto
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Margaret Procter, U of Toronto
    Current Practices                                                                                                                                                                                                                 •15+ Writing Centres across
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       •15+ Writing Centres across
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      various colleges and faculties
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       various colleges and faculties
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      •33+ FTEs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       •33+ FTEs
    Boxes on the map summarize each chapter. Each box describes how different institutions have                                                                                                                                       •Undergraduate minors at 2
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       •Undergraduate minors at 2
    organized writing programs to meet their specific needs. The fall into these main categories:                                                                  4                                                                  colleges
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       colleges
       •Writing Centres                                                                                                        2
       •English department modules
                                                                                                                                                      3                             7
       •Professional Writing programs                                                                                               Diana Wegner, Douglas College
                                                                                                                                   Diana Wegner, Douglas College
                                                                                                                                    •Professional Writing program                                                                                                    Ron Sheese, John Spencer; Jan Rehner; Tom
       •Communication departments                                                                                                  •Professional Writing program                                                              5, 6 8                                 Greenwald; Phyllis Rozendal, York University
                                                                                                                                    develops that spans the gap between
                                                                                                                                   develops that spans the gap between
       •Engineering programs
                                                                                                                                    academic study of writing and internship
                                                                                                                                   academic study of writing and internship                                                                                          Writing Centre
                                                                                                                                    experiences of students as writers
                                                                                                                                   experiences of students as writers                                                                                                •17 FTEs teaching 2800 students
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     •Beginning to offer credit courses in Academic
    Tania Smith, “Recent Trends in Undergraduate Writing Courses and Programs in Canadian
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Writing and Professional Writing
    Universities,” describes new programs and courses from a wider variety of institutions. Among her
    key findings:
                                                                                                                                                                                                                         1
                                                                                                              1. Dale Jacobs and Jay Dolmage, the University of Windsor
       •17 institutions offer certificates, minors, or majors in writing                                      2. Diana Wegner, Douglas College                                           Dale Jacobs, and Jay Dolmage,
                                                                                                                                                                                        Dale Jacobs, and Jay Dolmage,
       •Growth in program development is accelerating                                                         3. Doug Brent, University of Calgary,                                      Univ. of Windsor:
                                                                                                                                                                                        Univ. of Windsor:
                                                                                                              4. Jennifer MacLennan, U of Saskatchewan,                                  •Composition, not writing, as the                           Robert Irish, U of Toronto
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Robert Irish, U of Toronto
       •Only 3 PhD programs exist in Canada (US has over 70); Canadian PhD programs are                                                                                                 •Composition, not writing, as the
                                                                                                              5. Robert Irish, U of Toronto,                                                                                                         •Language Across the
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      •Language Across the
       insufficient to supply new faculty members for Writing, Rhetoric, and Communications programs                                                                                     key term in English
                                                                                                                                                                                        key term in English..
                                                                                                              6. Ron Sheese, John Spencer; Jan Rehner; Tom Greenwald;
                                                                                                                                                                                         •Graduate work in composition
                                                                                                                                                                                        •Graduate work in composition
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Engineering
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     Engineering
                                                                                                                 Phyllis Rozendal, York University,                                                                                                  curriculum
                                                                                                                                                                                         needed to advance the intellectual
                                                                                                                                                                                        needed to advance the intellectual                            curriculum
                                                                                                              7. Brian Turner and Judith Kearns, U of Winnipeg,                                                                                      •Writing instruction spread
                                                                                                                                                                                         work of composition scholarship
                                                                                                                                                                                        work of composition scholarship                               •Writing instruction spread
                                                                                                              8. Margaret Procter, U of Toronto,                                                                                                     across several courses
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      across several courses
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     over several years
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      over several years

								
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