Writing and Speaking by lih18327

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									Speaking and Writing
  Giving your opinion with a clear
   structure in both speaking and
                           writing
Background Information

Proficiency Level:
 High Intermediate in EFL setting
Aim:
 The aim of this lesson is to enhance
 students’ speaking and writing skills using
 content-based instruction.
State your opinion first

                     In speaking when we are
                      asked to give our opinion
                      about something—such
                      as, “Do you believe the
                      monkeys of Monkey
                      Mountain are good or
                      bad?”—we need to first
                      clearly state our opinion.
Structure in Speaking

An opinion could be: “In my opinion, the
 monkeys of Monkey Mountain are great
 because they are humorous, beautiful and
 friendly.” ---We should also provide some
 supporting ideas for our opinion.

Supporting ideas explain why we have this
 opinion.
  Providing Support
 First state our opinion


                            “I believe monkeys of Monkey
               Mountain are an asset for Kaohsiung because monkeys are
Second,                   humorous, beautiful and friendly”
provide
support


Monkeys are the symbol                                    If we understand
of humor and freedom;           Monkeys are               monkeys, we know that
besides, without                beautiful creatures       they are very friendly
monkeys how could we            and we are so lucky       creatures who can show
understand what fooling         to be able to witness     love, affection and
around really means.            their natural             friendship.
                                wondrous beauty.
Structure in Speaking
       Is studying overseas worthwhile?
State your opinion and provide some support
(reasons) for your opinion
 You have three minutes
Useful Phrases for Speaking
State your opinion immediately
 In my opinion,……
 Personally, I feel……
 I strongly believe……
 As far as I’m concerned……
Support—explain a point clearly
 What I’m trying to say is…
 In other words,……
 The thing is……
Transitions:
    furthermore, moreover, in addition….
Is studying overseas worthwhile?
Writing our opinion
 The opinion about monkeys we
  had is called our thesis
  sentence. A thesis sentence is
  where we state what we believe
  about a question. In this case it
  is our opinion about monkeys.
 As with logical speaking we need to provide
  support sentences for our thesis sentence.
 Support sentences explain why we have this
  opinion.
 They are sentences that provide reasons
    Writing your opinion

             Write an           Thesis
                                 sentence
              introduction
                               Supporting
                               paragraph


         Write paragraphs      Supporting
         that support your     paragraph
         thesis sentence.
         These paragraphs       Supporting
                                paragraph
         are called the
         “Body” of the essay
                                 Concluding
                                 Paragraph
The introduction
 In the introduction we need to state our opinion
  clearly; that is, we need to state our thesis
  sentence. This sentence should be the last
  sentence of the introduction paragraph.

 Before we write the thesis sentence we need to
  write at least one sentence to introduce the
  subject of our writing. In this case we need at
  least one sentence to introduce the given
  subject--“Do you believe the monkeys of Monkey
  Mountain are good or bad?”
  The introduction

             It is very common these days to hear people
             arguing as to whether the monkeys of Monkey
             Mountain are a nuisance or an asset. I
             personally believe the later to be true. I believe
             the monkeys of Monkey Mountain are an asset
             because those monkeys are humorous,
             beautiful and friendly


Sentences to                                          Thesis sentence
introduce the subject
Body paragraphs
Just like in speaking one
should provide reasons for       Monkeys are the symbol of humor and
our thesis sentence.             freedom; besides, without monkeys how
In this writing I have divided   could we understand what fooling around
the three reasons provided       really means.
into the main subject (or
topic sentence) of three
paragraphs.                      Monkeys are beautiful creatures and we
                                 are so lucky to be able to witness their
                                 natural wondrous beauty.


                                 If we understand monkeys , we know that
                                 they are very friendly creatures who can
                                 show love, affection and friendship.
Body paragraphs
 Each topic sentence (or main idea) of a
  paragraph should be explained in greater detail
  with supporting sentences. In one body
  paragraph we should have at least four
  supporting sentences.

 What are some possible supporting sentences
  for the first topic sentence:
   “Monkeys are the symbol of humor and
  freedom; besides, without monkeys how could
  we understand what fooling around really
  means.”
Supporting sentences

   Monkeys are the symbol of humor and freedom; besides,
   without monkeys how could we understand what fooling
   around really means.
Supporting sentences

   Monkeys are the symbol of humor and freedom; besides,
   without monkeys how could we understand what fooling
   around really means. For example: it is so funny watching
   monkeys constantly running and chasing one another.
Supporting sentences

   Monkeys are the symbol of humor and freedom; besides,
   without monkeys how could we understand what fooling
   around really means. For example: it is so funny to watch
   monkeys constantly running and chasing one another.
   What is more, their expressions are so human like and
   comical that one cannot help laughing at their
   expressions.
Supporting sentences

   Monkeys are the symbol of humor and freedom; besides,
   without monkeys how could we understand what fooling
   around really means. For example: it is so funny to watch
   monkeys constantly running and chasing one another.
   What is more, their expressions are so human like and
   comical that one cannot help laughing at their
   expressions. Furthermore, the strange sounds they make
   and the freedom in which they make them make us all for
   some reason smile.
Supporting sentences

   Monkeys are the symbol of humor and freedom; besides,
   without monkeys how could we understand what fooling
   around really means. For example: it is so funny to watch
   monkeys constantly running and chasing one another.
   What is more, their expressions are so human like and
   comical that one cannot help laughing at their
   expressions. Furthermore, the strange sounds they make
   and the freedom in which they make them make us all for
   some reason smile. Similarly, the beauty in which these
   monkeys live somehow makes us smile.
 The conclusion

For the first
sentence of the
conclusion we
need restate our
thesis sentence.
In restating our
thesis sentence
we must write it in
a different way,
where possible
using different
words and
sentence
structure.
The Conclusion

Restate the thesis sentence
I believe the monkeys of
Monkey Mountain are an     To conclude, as I have shown,
asset because those        the humor, beauty and
monkeys are humorous,      friendliness of the monkeys of
beautiful and friendly     Kaohsiung makes them a great
                           asset for the city.
The Conclusion
We can also add another sentence that
 may emphasize an action that you would
 like the reader to take.
                    To conclude, as I have shown,
 For example        the humor, beauty and
                    friendliness of the monkeys of
                    Kaohsiung makes them a great
                    asset for the city.
          I suggest that we need to respect the monkeys of
          Monkey Mountain and continue to assure that they will
          be cared for.
 The Conclusion

We can also make a sentence that makes a
 final comment about the essay’s main idea.
                       To conclude, as I have shown, the
   For example         humor, beauty and friendliness of
                       the monkeys of Kaohsiung makes
                       them a great asset for the city.
                 I suggest that we need to respect the monkeys of
                 Monkey Mountain and continue to assure that they
                 will be cared for.

        It is quite sad that many people are unable to understand that
        monkeys do not wish any violence toward their human
        cousins; rather, through coming to know them, they can
        become our good friends
Writing: Is studying overseas worthwhile?
In your groups of four put the opinions and
 supporting sentences you made for the
 question “Is studying overseas worthwhile?”
 into an outline for an essay.
Outline “Is studying overseas worthwhile?”
  Introduction)
                  -Sentence(s) to introduce subject
                  -Thesis sentence

  Body paragraphs:
     Paragraph One) Topic sentence
               a) Supporting sentence
               b) Supporting sentence…etc

     Paragraph Two) Topic sentence
               a) Supporting sentence…etc

  Conclusion: -Restate thesis
              -Final comment
              -Suggested action
Home Work

Then for homework, I would like you to
 use this outline to write a 250 to 350 word
 essay

								
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