Guidelines for Writing an English Abstract of 500 Words by lih18327


									Guidelines for Writing the 500-Word English Abstract Both in terms of content and in terms of format, the abstract should be organized according to the four sections described below: Introduction Provide a brief theoretical background in which to introduce the hypotheses or research questions of the study. The theoretical statement or literature review should be brief. Its purpose is to introduce some of the major hypotheses and research questions, which are clearly more important than the literature review. On the other hand, it is not acceptable simply to list the hypotheses and research questions. They must be presented within a theoretical context, which must be succinct. Use present tense to state factual information and use past tense to report specific findings of the past as well as the hypotheses, research questions, and objectives of the present study of yours. Method Please include sampling procedures, sample size, instruments used, a brief description of the experiments or other data collection procedures, and statistical analyses that were used. Please present concrete and factual information in this section. Use past tense to describe what you did in terms of methods and procedures. Results Present the main findings of the study, which can be organized in tabular or numeric order. Please be specific with your findings. Examples of a vague and a clear or specific findings are presented below for illustration: Vague: Path analysis showed that W moderated the relation between X and Y. Specific: As a moderator, W strengthened (or weakened) the positive relation between X and Y. Vague: There was a relation between X and Y. Specific: There was a positive or negative relation between X and Y. Also, please use “relation” but not “relationship.” This section should be written primarily in past tense. Conclusions Present major theoretical contributions and practical implications of the study. Do not repeat the literature but stick with your own findings and their implications. Again, be specific but not vague. For example, only saying “The present findings have important practical implications” is vague. This statement should be followed by specific recommendations. For example, “Mental health professionals should pay attention not only to sources of life stress but also to how students interpret their life events and what life philosophies they subscribe to.” Use past tense to report specific findings either from your study or from the literature and use present tense to state facts, inferences, or implications that are derived either from the literature or from your own study.

Please make sure the English grammar is correct. If possible, please find an English speaker or someone who is good with English, e.g., professional translators, to check your abstract before turning it in.
分 4 段来写,但不要以 Introduction, Method, Results, Conclusion 为标题。利用 word 中的拼写检查 功能,不要出现拼写上的低级错误。

The Editorial Board February 28, 2006

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