Writing Strand Grade 8 by jox66113

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									Writing Strand: Grade 8
Overall Expectation 1
By the end of Grade 8, students will:
Generate, gather, and organize ideas and information to write for an intended purpose and audience.

Developing and Organizing Content
Activity                               Specific Expectation                                Example
Activity 1                                                                                 • a personal memoir about the school
What do you believe in?                Purpose and Audience
                                       W.8.1.1                                               experience to share with classmates, family,
Activity 2                                                                                   and friends at graduation
Living by Your Values.                 Identify the topic, purpose, and audience for
                                       more complex writing forms.                         • a report on a topic of current interest in the
Activity 3
                                                                                             style of a newspaper article, including
Putting Values in the Right Place                                                            headlines, for a school or community
Activity 5                                                                                   newspaper
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                                                                                           • a campaign flyer or brochure to promote a
Activity 7                                                                                   candidate for school government
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Activity 1
What do you believe in?                Developing Ideas
Activity 2                             W.8.1.2
Living by Your Values.                 Generate ideas about more challenging topics
Activity 3                             and identify those most appropriate for the
Putting Values in the Right Place      purpose.
Activity 5
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Activity 7
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Activity 2                                                                                 • produce a plan and timeline for carrying out
Living by Your Values.                 Research
                                       W.8.1.3                                               research tasks
Activity 5                                                                                 • interview people with knowledge of the topic
Committing to your Group               Gather information to support ideas for writing,
                                       using a variety of strategies and a wide range of   • identify and use graphic and multimedia
Activity 7                                                                                   resources
Committing to your Community           print and electronic resources.
                                                                                           • record sources used and information gathered
                                                                                             in a form that makes it easy to understand
                                                                                             and retrieve
Activity 2                                                                                 • by using electronic graphic organizers, tables,
Living by your Values.                 Classifying Ideas
                                       W.8.1.4                                               charts
Activity 3
Putting Values in the Right Place        Sort and classify ideas and information for their
Activity 5                               writing in a variety of ways that allow them to
Committing to your Group                 manipulate information and see different
Activity 7                               combinations and relationships in their data.
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Activity 1                                                                                   • making jot notes
What do you believe in?                  Organizing Ideas
                                         W.8.1.5                                             • making sketchboard outlines of a procedure
Activity 2                                                                                     or series of events
Living by Your Values.                   Identify and order main ideas and supporting
                                         details and group them into units that could be     • combined/multiple orders such as order of
Activity 3
                                         used to develop a summary, a debate, or a             importance and cause and effect
Putting Values in the Right Place
Activity 5                               report of several paragraphs, using a variety of
Committing to your Group                 strategies and organizational patterns.
Activity 7
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Activity 1                                                                                   • check for depth and breadth of coverage of
What do you believe in?                  Review
                                         W.8.1.6                                               the topic
Activity 2
Living by Your Values.                   Determine whether the ideas and information
Activity 3                               they have gathered are relevant, appropriate,
Putting Values in the Right Place        and sufficiently specific for the purpose, and do
Activity 5                               more research if necessary.
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Activity 7
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Overall Expectation 2
By the end of Grade 8, students will:
Draft and revise their writing, using a variety of informational, literary, and graphic forms and stylistic elements
appropriate for the purpose and audience.

Using Knowledge of Form and Style in Writing
Activity                              Specific Expectation                                   Example
Activity 2                                                                                   • a memoir of a significant Canadian
Living by your Values.                   Form
                                         W.8.2.1                                             • a report comparing the economies of two
Activity 5
                                         Write complex texts of a variety of lengths using     nations and explaining how a new industry
Committing to your Group            a wide range of forms.                                  might affect each nation’s economy
Activity 7                                                                               • briefing notes for an oral debate outlining both
Committing to your Community                                                               sides of an argument, including appeals to
                                                                                           both logic and emotion
                                                                                         • a narrative in the style of a particular author,
                                                                                           adding to or extending a text by that author
                                                                                         • an original satirical, science-fiction, or realistic
                                                                                           fiction piece modelled on the structures and
                                                                                           conventions of the genre
                                                                                         • a free verse or narrative poem, or a limerick
Activity 2                                                                               • use emotive language to persuade the
Living by Your Values.              Voice
                                    W.8.2.2                                                audience to share their feelings, and explain
Activity 5
                                    Establish a distinctive voice in their writing         the effect they think it will have on the
Committing to your Group                                                                   audience
Activity 7                          appropriate to the subject and audience.
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Activity 1                                                                               • adjectives phrases: The car with the
What do you believe in?             Word Choice
                                    W.8.2.3                                                 florescent red racing stripe
Activity 2                                                                               • adverb phrases: He walked with the gait of a
Living by Your Values.              Regularly use vivid and/or figurative language
                                    and innovative expressions in their writing.            sailor
Activity 3                                                                               • specialized vocabulary and terminology
Putting Values in the Right Place                                                        • analogies and idioms
Activity 5
                                                                                         Teacher Prompt
Committing to your Group                                                                 “Identify three language choices you have made
Activity 7                                                                               and explain the effect they will have on a reader.”
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Activity 2                                                                               • purposes: to alter the pace or mood
Living by Your Values.              Sentence Fluency
                                    W.8.2.4                                              • relative pronouns: who, which
Activity 3
                                    Vary sentence types and structures for different     • subordinate conjunctions: whenever,
Putting Values in the Right Place
                                    purposes, with a focus on using a range of             because, although
                                    relative pronouns, subordinate conjunctions, and
                                    both the active and passive voice.
Activity 1
                                    Point of View                                        Teacher Prompt
What do you believe in?                                                                  • “How can you address in your writing the
Activity 2                          W.8.2.5
                                    Identify their point of view and other possible        questions that would come from others who
Living by your Values.
                                    points of view, evaluate other points of view, and     hold a different opinion?”
Activity 3
Putting Values in the Right Place   find ways to acknowledge other points of view, if
Activity 5                          appropriate.
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Activity 7
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Activity 1
                                    Preparing For Revision                                Teacher Prompts
What do you believe in?
                                    W.8.2.6                                               • “Are there any key ideas that are missing or
Activity 2                                                                                  need more explanation?”
Living by Your Values.              Identify elements in their writing that need
                                    improvement, selectively using feedback from          • “Does your writing have an identifiable tone
Activity 3
                                    teacher and peers, with a focus on depth of             (e.g. sincerity, humour, horror, irony, pathos)?
Putting Values in the Right Place                                                           Is the tone appropriate to the subject matter?
Activity 7                          content and appropriateness of tone.
                                                                                            Does it accurately reflect your point of view?”
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Activity 1                                                                                • use sticky notes while rereading to record
What do you believe in?             Revision
                                    W.8.2.7                                               questions and ideas
Activity 2
                                    Make revisions to improve the content, clarity,       • cut and paste to improve logic of organization
Living by Your Values.                                                                    • add or substitute words and phrases,
Activity 3                          and interest of their written work, using a variety
                                    of strategies.                                          including vocabulary from other subject areas
Putting Values in the Right Place
                                                                                          • use idioms, figurative language, and rhetorical
Activity 7                                                                                  devices such as analogy to achieve particular
Committing to your Community                                                                effects
                                                                                          • adjust sentence length, type, and complexity
                                                                                            to suit the audience and purpose
                                                                                          • use patterns such as repetition with variations
                                                                                            to emphasize important points and hold the
                                                                                            attention of the audience
                                                                                          Teacher Prompt
                                                                                          • “Could you use two different sentence lengths
                                                                                            and patterns to highlight the two points of view
                                                                                            in your argument?”
Activity 1                                                                                • adequate development of information and
What do you believe in?             Producing Drafts
                                    W.8.2.8                                                 ideas
Activity 2                                                                                • logical organization
Living by Your Values.              Produce revised draft pieces of writing to meet
                                    identified criteria based on the expectations.        • appropriate use of form and style
Activity 3
                                                                                          • appropriate use of conventions
Putting Values in the Right Place
Activity 7
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Overall Expectation 3
By the end of Grade 8, students will:
Use editing, proofreading, and publishing skills and strategies, and knowledge of language conventions to correct
errors, refine expression, and present their work effectively.

Applying Knowledge of Language Conventions and Presenting Written Work Effectively
Activity                           Specific Expectation                   Example
Activity 1                                                                               •   words from their oral vocabulary
What do you believe in?                Spelling Familiar Words
                                       W.8.3.1                                           •   words from anchor charts
Activity 2                                                                               •   words from shared, guided, and
Living by Your Values.                 Spell familiar words correctly.
                                                                                             independent reading texts
Activity 3                                                                               •   words used regularly for instruction
Putting Values in the Right Place                                                            across the curriculum
Activity 7
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Activity 1                                                                               •   orally emphasize differences in easily
What do you believe in?                Spelling Unfamiliar Words
                                       W.8.3.2                                               confused words: affect/effect,
Activity 2
                                       Spell unfamiliar words using a variety of             technicality/technically
Living by Your Values.                                                                   •   compare complicated words to words
Activity 3                             strategies that involve understanding sound-
                                       symbol relationships, word structures, word           with known letter patterns
Putting Values in the Right Place
                                       meanings and generalizations about spelling.      •   use knowledge of the history of a word to
Activity 7                                                                                   help spell it: sheep herder/shepherd
Committing to your Community                                                             •   use knowledge of familiar words to spell
                                                                                             technical terms
Activity 1                                                                               •   locate entry words, pronunciation keys,
What do you believe in?                Vocabulary
                                       W.8.3.3                                               prefixes, and information about word
Activity 2                                                                                   origins in online and print dictionaries
Living by Your Values.                 Confirm spellings and word meanings or word
                                       choice using a variety of resources appropriate       such as a dictionary of synonyms,
Activity 3                                                                                   antonyms, and homonyms, a science
Putting Values in the Right Place      for the purpose.
Activity 7
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Activity 1
What do you believe in?                Punctuation
Activity 2                             W.8.3.4
Living by Your Values.                 Use punctuation appropriately to communicate
Activity 3                             their intended meaning in more complex writing
Putting Values in the Right Place      forms, including forms specific to different
                                       subject areas, with a focus on
                                    • the use of commas to separate introductory
                                      phrases from the main part of a sentence and
                                      to separate words, phrases, and clauses in a
                                      series;
                                    • quotation marks to distinguish words being
                                      discussed as words to indicate titles;
                                    • ellipses (...) and dashes to indicate sentence
                                      breaks, ambiguities, or parenthetical
                                      statements.
Activity 1
What do you believe in?             Grammar
Activity 2                          W.8.3.5
Living by Your Values.              Use parts of speech correctly to communicate
Activity 3                          their meaning clearly, with a focus on:
Putting Values in the Right Place   • subject/verb agreement
Activity 7                          • the use of nouns, pronouns, adjectives,
Committing to your Community           adverbs and prepositions
Activity 1                                                                                •   an editing checklist specific to the writing
What do you believe in?             Proofreading
                                    W.8.3.6                                                   task
Activity 2
Living by Your Values.              Proofread and correct their writing using
Activity 3                          guidelines developed with peers and the teacher.
Putting Values in the Right Place
Activity 7
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Activity 1                                                                                •   use legible printing and cursive writing
What do you believe in?             Publishing
                                    W.8.3.7                                               •   use an imaginative text layout, drawings,
Activity 2                                                                                    and a table of contents in a class poetry
Living by Your Values.              Use a wide range of appropriate elements of
                                    effective presentation in the finished product,           anthology for the school library
Activity 3                                                                                •   use a spreadsheet to display detailed
Putting Values in the Right Place   including print, script, different fonts, graphics,
                                    and layout.                                               specific information
Activity 7
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Activity 1                                                                                •   adequacy of information and ideas
What do you believe in?             Producing Finished Works
                                    W.8.3.8                                               •   logic and effectiveness of organization
Activity 2                                                                                •   effective use of form and stylistic
Living by Your Values.              Produce pieces of published work to meet
                                    identified criteria based on the expectations.            elements
Activity 3
                                                                                          •   appropriate use of conventions
Putting Values in the Right Place                                                         •   effective presentation
Activity 7
Committing to your Community
Overall Expectation 4
By the end of Grade 8, students will:
Reflect on and identify their strengths as writers, areas for improvement, and the strategies they found most helpful at
different stages of the writing process.

Reflecting on Writing Skills and Strategies
Activity                                 Specific Expectation                                Example
Activity 1                                                                                   •     use a three column reflection journal to
What do you believe in?                 Metacognition
                                        W.8.4.1                                                    monitor the writing process: What I
Activity 3                                                                                         did/What I learned/How I can use it
Putting Values in the Right Place       Identify a variety of strategies they used before,
                                        during, and after writing, explain which ones        Teacher Prompt
                                        were most helpful, and suggest future steps they     •     “Explain how you use your writer’s
                                        can take to improve as writers.                            notebook/journal to help you identify your
                                                                                                   strengths as a writer and your next steps
                                                                                                   for writing.”

Activity 2
                                        Interconnected Literacy Skills                       Teacher Prompt
Living by Your Values.                                                                       •     “How does assuming the role of the
Activity 3                              W.8.4.2
                                        Describe how their skills in listening, speaking,          reader of your own writing help you
Putting Values in the Right Place
                                        reading, viewing and representing help in their            revise your writing?”
                                        development as writers.                              •     “How do you think listening to oral texts
                                                                                                   has helped you become a better writer?”
                                                                                             •     How can reading texts from different
                                                                                                   cultures improve your writing?”
Activity 7
Committing to your Community            Portfolio
                                        W.8.4.3
                                        Select pieces of writing that they think reflect
                                        their growth and competence as writers and
                                        explain the reasons for their choice.
Reading Strand: Grade 8
Overall Expectation 1
By the end of Grade 8, students will:

Read and demonstrate an understanding of literary, graphic, and informational texts, using a range of strategies
to construct meaning.

Reading for Meaning

Activity                                Specific Expectation                          Example
Activity 1                                                                            Literary Texts
                                        Variety of Texts
What do you believe in?                                                               •       short stories, novels, poetry,
Activity 2
                                        R.8.1.1
                                        Read a wide variety of increasingly                   mysteries, science fiction, memoirs,
Living by your Values.                                                                        scripts, satire
Activity 3                              complex or difficult texts from diverse
                                                                                      Graphic Texts
Putting Values in the Right Place       cultures, including literary texts, graphic
                                                                                      •       graphs and graphic organizers, charts
Activity 4                              texts and informational texts from a wide             and tables, diagrams, surveys, maps,
Reasons for Active Engagement           variety of cultural backgrounds.                      spreadsheets
Activity 6                                                                            Informational Texts
Committing to your School                                                             •       essays
Activity 8                                                                            •       Canadian and global print and online
                                                                                              sources
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                                                                                      •       electronic texts, textbooks
                                                                                      dictionaries, thesauri, websites, transcripts


Activity 4                                                                            •       several online or print articles by the
                                        Purpose
Reasons for Active Engagement                                                                 same author to identify consistency or
Activity 5
                                        R.8.1.2
                                                                                              change in the author’s point of view
Committing to your Group                Identify a variety of purposes for reading
                                                                                      •       websites for information on a topic
Activity 6                              and choose increasingly complex or                    from different sources
Committing to your School               difficult reading materials appropriate for   •       stories from different cultures,
Activity 8                              those purposes.                                       including Aboriginal cultures, to
Committing to Global Citizenship                                                              compare treatments of similar themes
Activity 1                                                                          •     activate prior knowledge on a topic
                                    Comprehension Strategies
What do you believe in?                                                                   through dialogue or by developing
Activity 2
                                    R.8.1.3
                                                                                          mind maps
Living by Your Values.              Identify a variety of reading
                                                                                    •     use visualization and comparisons
Activity 3                          comprehension strategies and use them                 with images in other texts or media to
Putting Values in the Right Place   appropriately before, during and after                clarify impressions of characters,
Activity 4                          reading to understand increasingly                    scenes, or concepts
Reasons for Active Engagement       complex or difficult texts.                     •     ask questions to monitor and clarify
                                                                                          understanding
Activity 5
                                                                                    •     identify important ideas
Committing to your Group                                                            •     synthesize ideas to broaden
Activity 6                                                                                understanding
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Activity 8
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Activity 1                                                                          •     theme or argument and supporting
                                    Demonstrating Understanding
What do you believe in?                                                                   evidence in reviews, essays, plays,
Activity 2
                                    R.8.1.4
                                                                                          poems
Living by Your Values.              Demonstrate understanding of
                                                                                    •     key information and related data in
Activity 3                          increasingly complex and difficult texts by           public documents, online and print
Putting Values in the Right Place   summarizing important ideas and                       reference articles, manuals, surveys,
Activity 4                          explaining how the details support the                graphs, tables and charts, websites,
Reasons for Active Engagement       main idea.                                            transcripts
Activity 5
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Activity 6
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Activity 8
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Activity 1                                                                          Teacher Prompt
                                    Making Inferences/Interpreting
What do you believe in?                                                             •     “How do the stated and unstated
Activity 2
                                    Texts
                                                                                          messages in the dialogue between
Living by Your Values.              R.8.1.5
                                                                                          these characters complicate the plot of
Activity 3                          Develop and explain interpretations of                this story? What details in the dialogue
Putting Values in the Right Place   increasingly complex or difficult texts using         support your interpretation?”
Activity 4                          stated and implied ideas from the texts to       
Reasons for Active Engagement       support their interpretations. 
Activity 5
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Activity 6
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Activity 8
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Activity 2                                                                        Teacher Prompts
                                    Extending Understanding
Living by your Values.                                                            •     “Do you have knowledge or
Activity 3
                                    R.8.1.6
                                    Extend understanding of texts, including            experiences that effect the way you
Putting Values in the Right Place                                                       interpret the author’s message?”
Activity 4                          increasingly complex or difficult texts, by
                                                                                  •     “How does the author’s approach differ
Reasons for Active Engagement       connecting the ideas in them to their own           from the approach in other articles you
Activity 5                          knowledge, experience, and insights, to             have read on this topic?”
Committing to your Group            other familiar texts, and to the world
Activity 6                          around them. 
Committing to your School
Activity 8
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Activity 2                                                                        Narrative
                                    Analysing Texts
Living by your Values.                                                            •     rising action holds attention and
Activity 3
                                    R.8.1.8
                                    Analyse a variety of texts, including               creates suspense
Putting Values in the Right Place                                                 Report on an Investigation
Activity 4                          complex or difficult texts, and explain how
                                                                                  •     the opening paragraph tells the reader
Reasons for Active Engagement       the various elements in them contribute to
                                                                                        about the purpose, goals, and
Activity 5                          meaning and influence the reader’s                  audience for the report
Committing to your Group            reaction.                                     Teacher Prompts
Activity 6                                                                        •     “Why does the author spend so much
Committing to your School                                                               time describing the preparation for the
Activity 8                                                                              race?”
                                                                                  •     “How does the information in the
Committing to Global Citizenship
                                                                                        opening paragraph help you
                                                                                        understand the rest of the report?”

                                    Responding to and Evaluating Texts            Teacher Prompts
Activity 1                                                                        •     “Were the instructions for doing the
What do you believe in?
                                    R.8.1.8
                                    Evaluate the effectiveness of a text based          experiment clear and easy to follow?
Activity 2                                                                              Why, or why not?”
Living by Your Values.              on evidence taken from that text. 
                                                                                  •     “Were the author’s arguments well
Activity 3                                                                               supported by credible evidence? Did
Putting Values in the Right Place                                                        the arguments make sense? Why, or
Activity 4                                                                               why not?”
Reasons for Active Engagement                                                      •     Identify three uses of imagery in the
                                                                                         poem and explain how they help the
Activity 5
                                                                                         poet communicate the theme
Committing to your Group                                                                 effectively.”
Activity 6
Committing to your School
Activity 8
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Activity 1                                                                         •     determine whether an environmental
                                    Point of View
What do you believe in?                                                                  argument should include an economic
Activity 2
                                    R.8.1.9
                                                                                         perspective or an economic argument
Living by Your Values.              Identify the point of view presented in
                                                                                         should include an environmental
Activity 3                          texts, including increasingly complex or             perspective
Putting Values in the Right Place   difficult texts; give evidence of any biases   Teacher Prompt
Activity 4                          they may contain; and suggest other            •     “How will the addition of another
Reasons for Active Engagement       possible perspectives.                               perspective affect the impact or appeal
Activity 5                                                                               of the text?”
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Activity 6
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Activity 8
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Overall Expectation 2
By the end of Grade 8, students will:

Recognize a variety of text forms, text features, and stylistic elements and demonstrate understanding of how
they communicate meaning.

Understanding Form and Style

Activity                                Specific Expectation                            Example
Activity 1                                                                              Literary Texts - e.g. memoirs
                                        Text Forms
What do you believe in?                                                                 •      the author’s personality and/or special
Activity 2
                                        R.8.2.1
                                        Analyze a variety of text forms and explain            experience of the subject are an
Living by Your Values.                                                                         important part of the narrative, even if
Activity 3                              how their particular characteristics help
                                                                                               the author is not the subject of the
Putting Values in the Right Place       communicate meaning, with a focus on                   narrative
Activity 4                              literary texts, graphic texts and information   Graphic Texts - e.g. a map
Reasons for Active Engagement           texts.                                          •      the different colours for land and water
Activity 6                                                                                     help readers understand what
Committing to your School                                                                      geographical features they are looking
                                                                                               at
Activity 8
Committing to Global Citizenship                                                        Information Texts - e.g. a magazine
                                                                                        article
                                                                                        •       sidebars allow minor themes to be
                                                                                               developed in detail without interrupting
                                                                                               the main narrative 
Activity 3                                                                              •      A “before-and-after” comparison in and
                                        Text Patterns
Putting Values in the Right Place                                                              advertisement
Activity 4
                                        R.8.2.2
                                                                                        •      time order and cause and effect in an
Reasons for Active Engagement           Analyze increasingly complex texts to
                                                                                               online magazine or newspaper article
Activity 6                              identify organizational patterns used in
Committing to your School               them and explain how the patterns help
Activity 8                              communicate meaning.  
Committing to Global Citizenship 
Activity 2                                                                              •      tree diagrams, tables, end notes, and
                                        Text Features
Living by Your Values.                                                                         “Works Cited” or “References” lists
Activity 4
                                        R.8.2.3
Reasons for Active Engagement           Identify a variety of text features and            help readers locate information and
Activity 6                              explain how they help communicate                  understand its context
Committing to your School               meaning.                                     Teacher Prompt
                                                                                     •     “What do the types of sources in the
                                                                                           “References” list tell you about the
                                                                                           author’s research?”
Activity 1                              Elements of Style                            •     the use of dramatic irony, in which the
What do you believe in?                 R.8.2.4                                            audience understands the implications
Activity 2                              Identify various elements of style -               of words or actions better than the
Living by Your Values.                  including, symbolism, irony, analogy,              characters do themselves, can create
Activity 3                              metaphor, and other rhetorical devices -
                                                                                           humour or a sense of foreboding
Putting Values in the Right Place       and explain how they help communicate         
                                        meaning and enhance the effectiveness of
                                        texts. 



Overall Expectation 3
By the end of Grade 8, students will:

Use knowledge of words and cueing systems to read fluently.

Reading with Fluency

Activity                                Specific Expectation                         Example
Activity 6                              Reading Familiar Words                       •     words from grade level texts
Committing to your School               R.8.3.1                                      •     terminology used in discussions and
Activity 8                              Automatically read and understand most             posted in the classroom
Committing to Global Citizenship        words in a wide range of reading contexts.   •     words from shared-, guided- and
                                         
                                                                                           independent- reading texts, electronic
                                                                                           texts, and resource material used in
                                                                                           the curriculum subject areas
                                                                                      
Activity 6                              Reading Unfamiliar Words                     Semantic (meaning) cues:
Committing to your School               R.8.3.2                                      •     prefixes and suffixes, base words,
Activity 8                          Predict the meaning of and rapidly solve           phrases, sentences, and visuals that
Committing to Global Citizenship    unfamiliar words, using different types of         activate existing knowledge of oral and
                                    cues.                                              written language
                                                                                 Syntactic (language structure) cues:
                                                                                 •     word order and the relationship
                                                                                       between words, language patterns,
                                                                                       punctuation
                                                                                 Graphophonic (phonological and
                                                                                 graphic) cues:
                                                                                 •      familiar words within larger words,
                                                                                       syllables within larger words,
                                                                                       similarities between words with known
                                                                                       spelling patterns and unknown words
                                                                                 Teacher Prompt
                                                                                 •     “Read to the end of the paragraph and
                                                                                       see if the context will help you solve
                                                                                       the word. Is the word essential to your
                                                                                       understanding? If so, reread and see if
                                                                                       you can solve the word by...”
Activity 6                          Reading Fluently                             •     read to entertain a younger class,
Committing to your School           R.8.3.3                                            using suitable emphasis, intonation,
Activity 8                          Read appropriate texts with expression             and phrasing
Committing to Global Citizenship    and confidence, adjusting reading
                                    strategies and reading rate to match the
                                    form and purpose.
                                     
Overall Expectation 4
By the end of Grade 8, students will:

Reflect on and identify their strengths as readers, areas for improvement, and the strategies they found most
helpful before, during and after reading..

Reflecting on Reading Skills and Strategies

Activity                                Specific Expectation                            Example
Activity 2                              Metacognition                                   Teacher Prompts
Living by Your Values.                  R.8.4.1                                         •     “What strategies do you use most
Activity 3                              Identify the strategies they found helpful            consistently to help you understand a
Putting Values in the Right Place       before, during, and after reading and                 new text?”
Activity 4                              explain, in conversation with the teacher       •     “What types of questions do you ask
Reasons for Active Engagement           and/or peers or in a reader’s
                                                                                              yourself that help you monitor your
                                                                                              reading?”
                                        notebook/reflective journal, how they can       •     “What “fix-up” strategies do you use
                                        use these and other strategies to improve             when you don’t understand?”
                                        as readers.                                     •     “What strategies do you use
                                                                                              confidently and effectively?”
Activity 1                              Interconnected Skills                           Teacher Prompts
What do you believe in?                 R.8.4.2                                         •     “Did watching the television program
Activity 2                              Explain, in conversation with the teacher             about space exploration help you
Living by Your Values.                  and/or peers or in a reader’s                         when you were reading the newspaper
Activity 3                              notebook/reflective journal, how their skills         reports of the space probe?”
Putting Values in the Right Place       in listening, speaking, writing, viewing and
                                                                                        •     “How does creating online texts help
Activity 4                                                                                    you read electronic texts?”
                                        representing help them make sense of            •     “What lessons have you learned as a
Reasons for Active Engagement           what they read.                                       writer/listener that will make you a
                                                                                              better reader?”
 
 

 
Media Strand: Grade 8
Overall Expectation 1
By the end of Grade 8, students will:
Demonstrate and understanding of a variety of media texts.

Understanding Media Texts
Activity                            Specific Expectation                                Example
Activity 1                                                                              •     this stage production based on a
What do you believe in?             Purpose and Audience
                                    M.8.1.1                                                   popular novel uses music and lighting
Activity 2
                                    Explain how a variety of media texts address              to enhance the original and appeal to
Living by Your Values.                                                                        its fans
                                    their intended purpose and audience.
                                                                                        •     this commercial for a sports car uses
                                                                                              fast-paced editing and rock music to
                                                                                              appeal to the target audience - young,
                                                                                              single, men and
                                                                                        Teacher Prompt
                                                                                        •     “Why might a producer think that yet
                                                                                              another version of this well known story
                                                                                              would attract a wide audience?”
                                                                                        •     “What kind of driver is this car
                                                                                              advertisement designed to appeal to?”
Activity 1                                                                              •     compare their coverage of a lead story
What do you believe in?             Making Inferences/Interpreting
                                    Messages                                                  in a morning newspaper to the
Activity 2
                                                                                              coverage of that story on the evening
Living by Your Values.              M.8.1.2                                                   news
                                    Interpret increasingly complex or difficult media   •     compare the order in which news
                                    texts, using overt and implied messages as                stories are reported on two different
                                    evidence for their interpretations.                       television channels and suggest
                                                                                              reasons for the differences
                                                                                        •     compare the treatment of a historical
                                                                                              figure in a movie to his or her treatment
                                                                                              in a print biography
                                                                                        Teacher Prompts
                                                                                        •     “Did the newspaper and television
                                                                                              news program use the same lead
                                                                                              story? Why or why not? Did the
                                                                                              different news sources provide different
                                                                                              information on the same topic? Did
                                                                                              they take a different position?”
                                                                             •       “Which historical portrait is more
                                                                                     convincing? More accurate? More
                                                                                     interesting? Why?”
Activity 1                                                                   •       explain how a series of newspaper
What do you believe in?   Responding to and Evaluating Texts
                          M.8.1.3                                                    stories on a controversial issue
Activity 2                                                                           captured and maintained their interest
Living by Your Values.    Evaluate the effectiveness of the presentation
                          and treatment of ideas, information, themes,       •       explain the similarities and differences
                          opinions, issues and/or experiences presented              in the treatment of a particular topic or
                          in media texts.                                            theme in different media texts and
                                                                                     evaluate the relative effectiveness of
                                                                                     the treatments
                                                                             •       as a class, evaluate the media’s
                                                                                     coverage of a social or environmental
                                                                                     issue over a two week period
Activity 2                                                                   •     predict how a member of a particular
Living by Your Values.    Audience Response
                          M.8.1.4                                                  age/gender/ethnocultural/socio-
                          Explain why different audiences (e.g. with               economic group might react to a
                          respect to gender, age, nationality,                     controversial article in a print or online
                          ability/disability, income level) might have             news magazine and give reasons for
                          different responses to a variety of media texts.         their prediction
                                                                             Teacher Prompt
                                                                             •     “Do you think all members of a
                                                                                   particular group would react the same
                                                                                   way to this issue? Could an older
                                                                                   person react the same way as a
                                                                                   teenager? Why, or why not?”
Activity 1                                                                   •     a television broadcast of a sports game
What do you believe in?   Point of View
                          M.8.1.5                                                  presents the views of fans, the
Activity 2                                                                         announcers, the sponsors, and the
Living by Your Values     Demonstrate understanding that different
                          media texts reflect different points of view and         television network
                          that some texts reflect multiple points of view.   •     different media texts represent people
                                                                                   of a different age, gender, income level,
                                                                                   or ethnocultural background differently,
                                                                                   conveying obvious or subtle messages
                                                                                   that might indicate bias or stereotyping
                                                                             •     different points of view are often
                                                                                   presented in a news report of a conflict
                                                                             Teacher Prompt
                                                                             •     “What different groups are represented
                                                                                   in the text? Are the different groups
                                                                                                treated differently? If so, how?”
                                                                                         •      “In this news report about a conflict
                                                                                                between two countries, does the
                                                                                                reporter appear to favour one side over
                                                                                                the other? Give evidence of your view.”

Activity 1                                                                               •     a music company’s interest in a
What do you believe in?            Production Perspectives
                                   M.8.1.6                                                     recording may be different from that of
Activity 2                                                                                     the artist
Living by Your Values              Identify who produces various media texts and
                                   determine the commercial, ideological, political,     •     the company that produces a video
                                   cultural, and/or artistic interests or perspectives         game and the game’s creator may
                                   that the texts may involve.                                 have different views on how the game
                                                                                               should be promoted
                                                                                         Teacher Prompt
                                                                                         •     “How are commercial and artistic
                                                                                               interests reflected in the contents and
                                                                                               presentation of this CD by your
                                                                                               favourite group?”
                                                                                         •     “Explain how a more ideological
                                                                                               approach might affect the appeal of this
                                                                                               magazine for its current broad range of
                                                                                               readers?”


Overall Expectation 2
By the end of Grade 8, students will:
Identify some media forms and explain how the conventions and techniques associated with them are used to
create meaning.

Understanding Media Forms, Conventions, and Techniques
Activity                           Specific Expectation                                  Example
Activity 1                                                                               •     print advertisements use text, images,
What do you believe in?             Form
                                    M.8.2.1                                                    colour, different fonts, and different
Activity 2
                                    Explain how individual elements of various                 camera angles in a seamless
Living by Your Values                                                                          combination to create an effect
                                    media forms combine to create, reinforce,
                                    and/or enhance meaning.                              Teacher Prompt
                                                                                         •     “Why do you think each of these
                                                                                               elements is included? How are the
                                                                                               elements combined to create a
                                                                                               coherent message?”
Activity 1                                                                              •      website conventions: homepages
What do you believe in?              Conventions and Techniques
                                     M.8.2.2                                                   provide users with a convenient
Activity 2
                                     Identify the conventions and techniques used              preview of the types of information
Living by Your Values                                                                          available
                                     in a variety of media forms and explain how
                                     they help convey meaning and influence or          •      website techniques: “sidebars” with
                                     engage the audience.                                      inviting audio/video elements entice
                                                                                               viewers to browse and explore new
                                                                                               topics that might not have been their
                                                                                               first priority




Overall Expectation 3
By the end of Grade 8, students will:
Create a variety of media works for different purposes and audiences, using appropriate forms, conventions and
techniques.

Creating Media Texts
Activity                             Specific Expectation                               Example
Activity 1                                                                              •     a poster advertising a class fund-
What do you believe in?              Purpose and Audience
                                     M.8.3.1                                                  raising campaign to appeal to local
Activity 2                                                                                    parent groups, businesses, or service
Living by Your Values                Explain why they have chosen the topic for a
                                     media text they plan to create and identify              organizations
Activity 7
                                     challenges they may face in engaging and/or        Teacher Prompt
Committing to Your Community                                                            •     “What are the challenges involved in
                                     influencing their audience.
                                                                                              reaching each of these groups? How
                                                                                              can you appeal to all of the groups in a
                                                                                              single poster? If you were to develop
                                                                                              three posters, one for each of them,
                                                                                              how would the posters differ?”
Activity 1                                                                              •     a multimedia presentation about their
What do you believe in?              Form
                                     M.8.3.2                                                  class or grade, to be presented to
Activity 2                                                                                    parents during graduation ceremonies
Living by Your Values                Identify an appropriate form to suit the purpose
                                     and audience for a media text they plan to         Teacher Prompt
Activity 7                                                                              •     “What different types of media could
Committing to Your Community         create and explain why it is an appropriate
                                     choice.                                                  you use for the presentation? How
                                                                                              would they be organized and
                                                                                              combined?”
Activity 1                                                                       •     conventions in advertisements for a
What do you believe in?        Conventions and Techniques
                               M.8.3.3                                                 product to appeal to different age
Activity 2
                               Identify conventions and techniques                     groups among the students: text,
Living by Your Values                                                                  images, “free offer” promotional
Activity 7                     appropriate to the form chosen for a media text
                               they plan to create, and explain how they will          gimmicks
Committing to Your Community
                               use the conventions and techniques to help        •     techniques: use of age-appropriate
                               communicate their message.                              content in all elements of the
                                                                                       advertisement
                                                                                 Teacher Prompt
                                                                                 •     “ What are the important things you
                                                                                       need to know about your audience
                                                                                       when designing your media text?”
Activity 1                                                                       •      a multimedia presentation examining
What do you believe in?        Producing Media Texts
                               M.8.3.4                                                  two or more elements of a narrative,
Activity 2                                                                              such as theme, plot, setting, or
Living by Your Values          Produce a variety of media texts of some
                               technical complexity for specific purposes and           character
Activity 7
                               audiences, using appropriate forms,               •      a one-minute video advertising a class
Committing to Your Community                                                            fund-raising project
                               conventions, and techniques.
                                                                                 •      a website based on the content of a
                                                                                        unit of study
                                                                                 •      a report on school sports events to be
                                                                                        presented during morning
                                                                                        announcements
                                                                                 •      magazine advertisements for a
                                                                                        particular product, aimed at different
                                                                                        age groups among the students in the
                                                                                        school
                                                                                 •      an interview with a family member
                                                                                        about his or her cultural heritage for
                                                                                        publication in a school or community
                                                                                        magazine/newspaper
                                                                                 •      a public-service announcement on a
                                                                                        current issue that is relevant to their
                                                                                        fellow students, such as daily physical
                                                                                        activity, literacy, or bullying
                                                                                 •      a storyboard for a video of a favourite
                                                                                        song that is not available as a video
Overall Expectation 4
By the end of Grade 8, students will:
Reflect on and identify their strengths as media interpreters and creators, areas for improvement, and the
strategies they found most helpful in understanding and creating media texts.

Reflecting on Media Literacy Skills and Strategies
Activity                               Specific Expectation                              Example
Activity 1
                                      Metacognition                                      Teacher Prompt
What do you believe in?
                                      M.8.4.1                                            •     “Why was it helpful to think about your
Activity 2                                                                                     audience’s needs or wants before
Living by Your Values                 Identify what strategies they found most helpful
                                      in making sense of and creating media texts              creating your advertisement?”
                                      and how these other strategies can help them
                                      improve as media viewers/listeners/producers.
Oral Communication Strand: Grade 8
Overall Expectation 1
By the end of Grade 8, students will:
Listen in order to understand and respond appropriately in a variety of situations for a variety of purposes.

Listening to Understand
Activity                               Specific Expectation                               Example
Activity 1                                                                                •    to evaluate the effectiveness of the
What do you believe in?                Purpose
                                       O.8.1.1                                                 arguments on both sides of a class
Activity 2
                                       Identify a range of purposes for listening in a         debate on an environmental, social, or
Living by Your Values                                                                          global issue
Activity 3                             variety of situations, formal and informal, and
                                       set goals appropriate to specific listening        •    to respond to feedback in peer
Putting Values in the Right Place
                                       tasks.                                                  conferences and student/teacher
Activity 4                                                                                     conferences
Reasons for Active Engagement
Activity 5
Committing to your Group
Activity 6
Committing to your School
Activity 7
Committing to your Community
Activity 1                                                                                •    follow the conversation and make
What do you believe in?                Active Listening Strategies
                                       O.8.1.2                                                 relevant contributions in a group
Activity 2                                                                                     discussion
Living by Your Values.                 Demonstrate an understanding of appropriate
                                       listening behaviour by adapting active listening   •    express interest in what has been said
Activity 3
                                       strategies to suit a wide variety of situations,        by commenting and questioning
Putting Values in the Right Place
Activity 4                             including work in groups.
Reasons for Active Engagement
Activity 5
Committing to your Group
Activity 6
Committing to your School
Activity 7
Committing to your Community
Activity 1                                                                                •    use background knowledge about the
What do you believe in?                Comprehension Strategies
                                       O.8.1.3                                                 structure of oral texts such as debates,
Activity 2
                                                                                               interviews, speeches, monologues,
Living by Your Values               Identify a variety of listening comprehension              lectures, plays to make predictions
Activity 3                          strategies and use them appropriately before,              and identify important ideas while
Putting Values in the Right Place   during, and after listening in order to                    listening
Activity 4                          understand and clarify the meaning of              •       ask questions for clarification or further
Reasons for Active Engagement       increasingly complex and challenging oral                  information
Activity 5                          texts.                                             •       use a range of note-taking strategies
Committing to your Group                                                                       to keep track of or summarize
Activity 6                                                                                     important points
Committing to your School                                                              •       use self-questioning to monitor
Activity 7                                                                                     understanding of what is being said
Committing to your Community
Activity 1                                                                             •       compare views about an oral text with
What do you believe in?             Demonstrating Understanding
                                    O.8.1.4                                                    two other classmates and prepare a
Activity 2                                                                                     joint summary to present to the class
Living by Your Values               Demonstrate an understanding of the
                                    information and ideas contained in increasingly    •       cite details from an oral text to support
Activity 3                                                                                     their opinion about it in a small-group
Putting Values in the Right Place   complex and difficult oral texts in a variety of
                                    ways.                                                      discussion
Activity 4
                                                                                       •       use visual art, music, or drama to
Reasons for Active Engagement                                                                  represent important ideas in an oral
Activity 5                                                                                     text
Committing to your Group
Activity 6
Committing to your School
Activity 7
Committing to your Community
Activity 1
                                    Making Inferences/Interpreting                     Teacher Prompt
What do you believe in?
Activity 2                          Texts                                              •     “Why might different audiences
Living by Your Values               O.8.1.5                                                  interpret the same oral text in different
Activity 3                          Develop and explain interpretations of oral              ways? Give examples to support your
Putting Values in the Right Place   texts using the language of the text and oral            opinion.”
Activity 4                          and visual cues to support their interpretation.
Reasons for Active Engagement
Activity 5
Committing to your Group
Activity 6
Committing to your School
Activity 7
Committing to your Community
Activity 1                                                                                •      respond in role as a character from an
What do you believe in?             Extending Understanding
                                                                                                 oral text while being interviewed by
Activity 2                          O.8.1.6                                                      another student
Living by Your Values               Extend understanding of oral texts, including
                                                                                          •      discuss similarities and differences
Activity 3                          increasingly complex or difficult texts, by
                                                                                                 between oral and print texts on the
Putting Values in the Right Place   connecting, comparing and contrasting the
                                                                                                 same topic, focussing on specific
Activity 4                          ideas and information in them to their own
                                                                                                 elements such as the accuracy and
Reasons for Active Engagement       knowledge, experience, and insights; to other
                                                                                                 relevance of information
Activity 5                          texts, including print and visual texts; and to
Committing to your Group            the world around them.                                •      debate the wisdom of the choices
Activity 6                                                                                       made by a historical personage
Committing to your School                                                                        depicted in an oral biography, based
Activity 7                                                                                       on ideas about what their own choices
Committing to your Community                                                                     might have been
Activity 3                                                                                •      compare the tone and the ideas
Putting Values in the Right Place   Analysing Texts
                                    O.8.1.7                                                      emphasized in speeches about non-
Activity 4                                                                                       smoking regulations by a tobacco
Reasons for Active Engagement       Analyse a variety of complex or challenging
                                    oral texts in order to identify the strategies that          company representative and a person
Activity 5                                                                                       with asthma and suggest how each
Committing to your Group            have been used to inform, persuade, or
                                    entertain, and evaluate the effectiveness of                 approach would influence an audience
Activity 6
Committing to your School           those strategies.
Activity 7
Committing to your Community
Activity 1
                                    Point of View                                         Teacher Prompts
What do you believe in?                                                                   •     “What cues help you recognize the
Activity 2                          O.8.1.8
                                    Explain what the use of irony or satire in an               use of irony or satire in a text?”
Living by Your Values.
                                    oral text reveals about the speaker’s purpose         •     “How does recognizing irony or satire
Activity 3                                                                                      help you to understand what is being
Putting Values in the Right Place   and perspective.
                                                                                                said?”
Activity 4
Reasons for Active Engagement
Activity 5
Committing to your Group
Activity 6
Committing to your School
Activity 7
Committing to your Community
Activity 2                                                                                •      compare two oral presentations with a
Living by Your Values.              Presentation Strategies
                                                                                                 focus on the effectiveness of the
Activity 3                            O.8.1.9                                                 presentation strategies used by each
Putting Values in the Right Place     Identify a wide variety of presentation                 speaker
Activity 5                            strategies used in oral texts, evaluate their     Teacher Prompts
Committing to your Group              effectiveness, and suggest other strategies       •     “Did the speakers use facial
Activity 6                            that might have been as effective or more so.           expressions, vocal effects, and body
Committing to your School                                                                     language appropriately? Did the use of
                                                                                              these strategies make the message
                                                                                              more convincing?”




Overall Expectation 2
By the end of Grade 8, students will:
Use speaking skills and strategies appropriately to communicate meaning with different audiences for a variety
of purposes.

Speaking to Communicate
Activity                              Specific Expectation                              Example
Activity 1                                                                              •      to introduce a speaker
What do you believe in?               Purpose
                                      O.8.2.1                                           •      to support the resolution in a debate
Activity 2                                                                              •      to dramatize a favourite poem
Living by Your Values.                Identify a range of purposes for speaking in a
                                      variety of situations, both straightforward and   •      to explain a complex procedure to an
Activity 3
                                      more complex, and explain how the purpose                individual or a group
Putting Values in the Right Place
Activity 4                            and intended audience might influence the         •      to work towards the solution to a
Reasons for Active Engagement         choice of speaking strategies.                           problem with a partner
Activity 5
Committing to your Group
Activity 6
Committing to your School
Activity 1                                                                              •      paraphrase different points of view on
What do you believe in?               Interactive Strategies
                                      O.8.2.2                                                  an issue to clarify alternative
Activity 2
                                      Demonstrate an understanding of appropriate              perspectives
Living by Your Values.                                                                  •      affirm the contributions of others
Activity 3                            speaking behaviour in most situations, using a
                                      variety of speaking strategies and adapting              before responding
Putting Values in the Right Place
                                      them to suit the purpose and audience.            •      avoid making highly personal remarks
Activity 4                                                                                     in public or in formal situations
Reasons for Active Engagement
Activity 5
Committing to your Group
Activity 6
Committing to your School
Activity 1                                                                               •   combine logic with an appeal to
What do you believe in?             Clarity and Coherence
                                    O.8.2.3                                                  emotion in a charity fund-raising
Activity 2
                                    Communicate in a clear coherent manner,                  speech
Living by Your Values.                                                                   •   use a cause-and-effect structure in a
Activity 3                          using structure and style appropriate to the
                                    purpose, the subject matter, and the intended            report on the rise of a political
Putting Values in the Right Place
                                    audience.                                                movement or the emergence of a
Activity 4                                                                                   contentious Aboriginal issue
Reasons for Active Engagement
Activity 5
Committing to your Group
Activity 6
Committing to your School
Activity 2                                                                               •   use imagery, figurative language such
Living by Your Values.              Appropriate Language
                                    O.8.2.4                                                  as similes and analogies, and other
Activity 3
                                    Use appropriate words, phrases, and                      stylistic elements such as idioms and
Putting Values in the Right Place                                                            onomatopoeia to evoke a particular
Activity 4                          terminology from the full range of their
                                    vocabulary, including inclusive and non-                 mood in a dramatic monologue or an
Reasons for Active Engagement
                                    discriminatory language, and a range of                  appeal for support
Activity 5
Committing to your Group            stylistic devices, to communicate their meaning
Activity 6                          effectively and engage the interest of their
Committing to your School           intended audience.
Activity 1                                                                               •   use changes in pitch to differentiate
What do you believe in?             Vocal Skills and Strategies
                                    O.8.2.5                                                  voices in a storytelling session
Activity 2
                                    Identify a range of vocal effects, including tone,   •   use tone and volume to clarify implied
Living by your Values.                                                                       messages in a rap poem
Activity 3                          pace, pitch, volume, and a variety of sound
Putting Values in the Right Place   effects, and use them appropriately and with
Activity 4                          sensitivity towards cultural differences to
Reasons for Active Engagement       communicate their meaning.
Activity 5
Committing to your Group
Activity 6
Committing to your School
Activity 1                                                                               •   rehearse and use hand gestures and
What do you believe in?             Non-verbal Cues
Activity 2                            O.8.2.6                                                   increased volume to emphasize points
Living by Your Values.                Identify a variety of non-verbal cues, including          during a formal presentation
Activity 3                            facial expression, gestures, and eye contact,
Putting Values in the Right Place     and use them in oral communications,
Activity 4                            appropriately and with sensitivity towards
Reasons for Active Engagement         cultural differences, to help convey their
Activity 5                            meaning.
Committing to your Group
Activity 6
Committing to your School
Activity 1                                                                               •      use a chart to clarify the order of
What do you believe in?               Visual Aids
                                      O.8.2.7                                                   events in a report about a scientific
Activity 2                                                                                      breakthrough
Living by Your Values.                Use a variety of visual aids, (e.g. photographs,
                                      multimedia, diagrams, graphs, charts,              •      use a video clip from an animated
Activity 5
                                      costumes, props, artifacts) to support and                cartoon to show how sound is used to
Committing to your Group                                                                        complement the image
                                      enhance oral presentations.


Overall Expectation 3
By the end of Grade 8, students will:
Reflect on and identify their strengths as listeners and speakers, areas for improvement, and the strategies they
found most helpful in oral communication situations.

Reflecting On Oral Communication Skills and Strategies
Activity                            Specific Expectation                                 Example
Activity 1
                                      Metacognition                                      Teacher Prompts
What do you believe in?
                                      O.8.3.1                                            •     “What strategies help you to contribute
Activity 2                                                                                     effectively in a group discussion?”
Living by Your Values.                Identify what strategies they found most helpful
                                      before, during, and after listening and speaking   •     “What questions do you ask yourself to
Activity 3
                                      and what steps they can take to improve their            check whether you are understanding
Putting Values in the Right Place                                                              what is being said?”
Activity 4                            oral communication skills.
Reasons for Active Engagement                                                            •     “Can you identify the most effective
Activity 5                                                                                     elements in your oral presentation?
Committing to your Group                                                                       How do you know they were
                                                                                               effective?”
                                                                                         •     “What would you do differently next
                                                                                          time?”
Activity 1
                                    Interconnected Skills                          Teacher Prompts
What do you believe in?
                                    O.8.3.3                                        •     “How does your experience of creating
Activity 2                                                                               media texts help you understand oral
Living by Your Values.              Identify how their skill as viewers,
                                    representers, readers, and writers help them         texts?”
Activity 3
Putting Values in the Right Place   improve their oral communication skills.
Activity 4
Reasons for Active Engagement
Activity 5
Committing to your Group

								
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