(Scientific Services - Photography of Detainees - Facial Im–) by luckboy


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									Suffolk Constabulary Policies & Procedures
Document Classification: Title: Index: Not Protectively Marked PHOTOGRAPHY OF DETAINEES – FACIAL IMAGES NATIONAL DATABASE (FIND) Background FIND Trainer / Operators FIND Operators Single Point of Contact (SPOC) FIND Administrators FIND Photography of Detainees - Facial Profile - Head Rotation - Contact Lenses - Eyeglasses - Facial Expression - Photographic Background - Photography of Marks, Scars and Tattoos Witness Album Operators Compilation of electronic “Witness Albums” Introduction The Facial Images National Database (FIND) is a national project owned by the Identification Directorate at the National Police Improvement Agency (NPIA). The scope of this project is to create a national collection of mug shot images of prisoners from 2008. This will enable any Force within the UK to search and retrieve images of people that would otherwise only have been available upon request to the force that owned the captured image. This facility will be on a 24/7 basis, there will also be a capability of transferring images to officers on patrol to assist with identification with persons that they have detained on the street. If a Force chooses to capture scars, marks or tattoos from suspects then these images can also be stored and retrieved from FIND. The future intention is that through the advancement of biometric technology, there will be a capability for automatic facial mapping / facial recognition. To enable the maximum benefits to be gained from this project, NPIA have issued a document titled ‘Police Standard for Still Image Capture and Data Interchange of Facial / Mugshot and Scar, Mark & Tattoo Images’, more commonly referred to as the ‘FIND standards’. These standards are ACPO/ACPOS council approved.
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FIND Trainer / Operators Each Area will nominate staff who will be trained as FIND trainers. These persons will be expected in turn to train the other officers required to manage each FIND custody site. The exact number of staff to be trained will be at the discretion of the Area Commander in order to cover a custody staff shift pattern. The FIND Trainer/Operators will also be expected to act as system “Senior Users” by training and activating new operators or deleting staff from the system that have moved on. In addition, they may also need to remind staff who have forgotten their passwords and report any problems to the Single Point of Contact (SPOC). FIND Operators Each Area Commander will need to determine the total number of operators they need to cover all the shifts and any of the usual outages. However, as with the LIVESCAN “Best Practice” these numbers need to be as few as possible. Trained FIND operators will be expected to use the equipment in the prescribed way (see section 6 below) and report any faults to the SPOC, unless outside of the post holders tour of duty, in which case the ‘FIND Emergency Procedure’ will apply. All designated operators MUST be trained by the approved FIND Operator/Trainers who will also allocate them with the necessary password protected access codes. Single Point of Contact (SPOC) The Single Point of Contact for FIND will be the Photographic Technical Clerk at Halesworth. The post holder will act as a SPOC when any problems arise albeit this will be a Monday to Friday, 9am – 5pm basis. Outside of these times the ‘FIND Emergency Procedure’ will take over. FIND Administrators There will be a two-tier administration for FIND with the logon/password for the FIND equipment being managed by the Trainer/Operators, in similar fashion to the way LIVESCAN is operated.


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Suffolk Constabulary Policies & Procedures
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Once FIND designated operators are trained by the Trainer/Operators, the Trainer will set-up the operator for access to the FIND equipment with a password of the operators choice. Should an operator forget their password (or wish to change their password) they will need to seek out a Trainer/Operator to gain access to the system as an administrator and the necessary administration can be carried out. FIND Photography of Detainees All FIND Operators are tasked with obtaining the “Mug shot” of detainees, and of other visible identifiable features such as marks, scars or tattoos, taken to the FIND compliant standard (See Appendix A). The following specifies various scene requirements for capturing images: Facial Profile • • • • The Full-Face image shall be captured; Include the full head with all hair in most cases, as well as neck, shoulders and ears; Show the subject looking directly at the camera; Show the subject facing square on to the camera, not looking over one shoulder or tilted, and showing both edges of the subject’s face clearly; and Clearly show the iris and pupil of the subject’s eyes (where possible). Exceptions to this are for a subject that is wearing an eye patch, tinted eyeglasses or coloured contact lens.

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Head Rotation • The rotation of the head should be less than +/- 5 degrees from frontal in every direction - up/down, rotated left/right, and tilted left/right; If a subject has long hair that obscures a region of the face and/or ears, the hair should be tied back or positioned so as to prevent this;
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Head coverings should be removed when capturing Facial images. However the provisions for removal of head coverings will need to be assessed in accordance with the current Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE) “Codes of Practice” together with any religious or ethnic considerations; and If the iris and pupil of the subject’s eyes is obscured / not visible due to the subject wearing tinted eyeglasses, a separate FullFace image should be captured without eyeglasses.


Contact Lenses • If a subject is wearing contact lenses that are coloured or which have a design that obscures the natural eye features (iris and pupil) the data to be recorded (as part of storing Facial images) should include information such as the colour of the contact lens for each eye and an indication of the natural eye colour (if possible).

Eyeglasses • For subjects who normally wear eyeglasses the following images shall be captured: Full-Face image without eyeglasses; and Full-Face image with eyeglasses.

• Ensure that the frame of the eyeglasses does not cover any part of the subject' eye; and no (or minimal) lighting reflections are s visible on the eyeglasses of the captured image. Facial Expression • The facial expression of the subject should be neutral (nonsmiling) with both eyes open and mouth closed; • The facial expression should not include: Document Classification:

A deliberate or intentional smile Raised eyebrows Closed eyes Eyes looking away from the camera Squinting Frowning
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Suffolk Constabulary Policies & Procedures
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Photographic Background • The subject whose Full-Facial Image is being captured shall be positioned in front of a plain, smooth, flat background with an 18% shade of grey; The Full-Facial Image being captured shall be positioned to satisfy all of the following conditions (See Appendix ‘A’): The approximate horizontal mid-points of the mouth and of the bridge of the nose shall lie on an imaginary vertical straight line positioned at the horizontal centre of the image; An imaginary horizontal line through the centre of the subject' eyes shall be located at approximately the 55% s point of the vertical distance up from the bottom edge of the captured image; and The width of the subject' head shall occupy s approximately 50% of the width of the total image width. This width shall be the horizontal distance between the midpoints of two imaginary vertical lines. Each imaginary line shall be drawn between the upper and lower lobes of each ear and shall be positioned where the external ear connects to the head. The entire head, neck, shoulders and ears should be clearly visible in the Full-Facial Image being captured.




Photography of Scars, Marks and Tattoos • Scars, Marks and Tattoo images should be clearly visible and as near to the centre of the frame as possible. If appropriate a ruler may be placed in such an image to illustrate its relative dimensions.

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“Witness Album” Operators The Suffolk FIND Database will also have the capability to compile electronic “Witness Albums”, which will have a full PACE audit trail. Area Commanders will need to designate which officers will undertake
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this process. It is thought that Identification Officers would be a logical choice for this task. 7.2 Each Area Commander will determine which officers will undertake the compilation of electronic “Witness Albums” and how many are to be trained per BCU. As with E-Fit, “Witness Album” Operators should be few in number so that each operator gets the maximum opportunities to undertake compilations and to maintain their skills. This will be essential, especially in the future, when accreditation may be necessary to carry out this function. Experience of Identification Parades, PACE and Interview skills are also essential requirements from potential candidates. Compilation of electronic “Witness Albums” The compilation of electronic “Witness Albums” must be carried out in accordance with the PACE “Codes of Practice”, relating to Identification Parades and the showing of photographs to witnesses.


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Department: See Also:

Protective Services Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 (PACE) NPIA - Police Standard for Still Image Capture and Data Interchange of Facial / Mugshot and Scar, Mark & Tattoo Images

Authorised By: Author: Next Review Date: Date Reviewed: Date Created: Registry Reference: HRA Compliance: HRA Auditor:

Scientific Services Manager SSM February 2001 February 2009 October 2008


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Suffolk Constabulary Policies & Procedures
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Appendix ‘A’



Full-Facial Image QA Check

FIND Compliant Image

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