Essay and Paragraph Structure

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Essay and Paragraph Structure Powered By Docstoc
					          An Overview of a
         Well-Structured Essay

Created by:
Darren Chiang-Schultheiss
English Department
Fullerton College
        Before We Get Started...
 Guiding Principles:
  – Structure
  – Organization
  – Communication
(¶) Paragraphs Have a Structure:
          3 Main Parts
  Topic sentence
   – Must contain a subject and a claim (angle or opinion about the
     subject of the essay)
   – Central or controlling idea of the ¶
   – Focuses the paragraph on a single main idea
   – Limits what you can talk about in the ¶

  Supporting sentences
   – Should develop the topic sentence with:
      • Details
      • Examples
      • Specifics

  Concluding sentence
   – Should bring a sense of closure to the ¶
     Essays Have a Structure:
          3 Main Parts
 Introductory paragraph

 Multiple main body paragraphs

 Conclusion paragraph
    The Introductory Paragraph
 The introductory paragraph should
  accomplish three tasks:

  – Hook the reader;

  – Establish the subject of the essay;

  – State the thesis in the form of a declarative
              What Is a
           Thesis Statement?
 It’s the most important element of the essay.

 It’s the brain, the central nervous system of
  the essay.

 There are different kinds of thesis
  statements, but we’ll deal with the
  declarative thesis first.
The Declarative Thesis Statement
 Makes a claim or assertion about that subject
 2 forms of a declarative thesis:
   – Generalized:
     Traveling can broaden one's outlook.

   – Mapped:
     Traveling can broaden one’s outlook on acceptable
     public behavior, on non-verbal communication, on
     personal space, and on differences in personal hygiene.
 Multiple Main Body Paragraphs
 The job of the main body is to:
     • Support
     • Prove
     • Explain
   the thesis statement that was in the introductory ¶.
 Each ¶ in the main body should be in charge of
  breaking the thesis statement down into smaller,
  more manageable parts.
 Therefore each ¶ develops one sub-idea of the
     The Conclusion Paragraph
 The primary job of the conclusion ¶ is to let
  the reader know that you’re finished

 Bring the essay full circle to where you
  started the essay.
 Summary endings Vs. conclusions

 Summaries regurgitate information

 Conclusions:
  bring closure to the essay;
  make final statements;
  leave the reader with a powerful thought;
  put the subject matter into a larger context;
  call the reader to action
          Paragraph and Essay
         Structures Are Similar
     PARAGRAPH                   ESSAY

 Topic Sentence         Introductory ¶ with
                           thesis statement

 Developing Sentences   Main Body ¶s

 Conclusion Sentence    Conclusion ¶