An Overview of a
Before We Get Started...
(¶) Paragraphs Have a Structure:
3 Main Parts
– Must contain a subject and a claim (angle or opinion about the
subject of the essay)
– Central or controlling idea of the ¶
– Focuses the paragraph on a single main idea
– Limits what you can talk about in the ¶
– Should develop the topic sentence with:
– Should bring a sense of closure to the ¶
Essays Have a Structure:
3 Main Parts
Multiple main body paragraphs
The Introductory Paragraph
The introductory paragraph should
accomplish three tasks:
– Hook the reader;
– Establish the subject of the essay;
– State the thesis in the form of a declarative
What Is a
It’s the most important element of the essay.
It’s the brain, the central nervous system of
There are different kinds of thesis
statements, but we’ll deal with the
declarative thesis first.
The Declarative Thesis Statement
Makes a claim or assertion about that subject
2 forms of a declarative thesis:
Traveling can broaden one's outlook.
Traveling can broaden one’s outlook on acceptable
public behavior, on non-verbal communication, on
personal space, and on differences in personal hygiene.
Multiple Main Body Paragraphs
The job of the main body is to:
the thesis statement that was in the introductory ¶.
Each ¶ in the main body should be in charge of
breaking the thesis statement down into smaller,
more manageable parts.
Therefore each ¶ develops one sub-idea of the
The Conclusion Paragraph
The primary job of the conclusion ¶ is to let
the reader know that you’re finished
Bring the essay full circle to where you
started the essay.
Summary endings Vs. conclusions
Summaries regurgitate information
bring closure to the essay;
make final statements;
leave the reader with a powerful thought;
put the subject matter into a larger context;
call the reader to action
Paragraph and Essay
Structures Are Similar
Topic Sentence Introductory ¶ with
Developing Sentences Main Body ¶s
Conclusion Sentence Conclusion ¶