Social Studies 30 Topic A - Political and Economic Systems Diploma by gof81448

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									        Social Studies 30 Topic A - Political and Economic Systems
                          Diploma Examination Essay Topics
Assignment: As the teacher directs
Topic One
Some governments believe that the state should intervene actively in the economy for a number of
reasons which vary from country to country. Other governments oppose the idea of intervention
and believe that market forces should be the prevailing influences on the economy.
SHOULD THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT INCREASE ITS INTERVENTION
IN THE ECONOMY?



Topic Two

Some people believe that governments should follow a program of comprehensive economic
planning. They would have govemments set up direct controls to achieve economic goals. Others
oppose the idea of government planning. They believe that individuals and businesses should be
left to make economic decisions on their own. Still others support a program that would involve
some government planning. They would have governments prepare        voluntary guidelines and use
fiscal and monetary policies to reach economic targets.

TO WHAT EXTENT SHOULD GOVERNMENTS BE INVOLVED IN PLANNING
THE ECONOMY?


Topic Three
Governments differ in the economic goals they attempt to accomplish. Some strive for economic
equality among individuals. They believe that goods and services should be distributed on the
basis of need. Other governments emphasize economic competition among individuals. They
believe that the distribution of goods and services should be governed by market forces.

SHOULD GOVERNMENTS IMPLEMENT PROGRAMS TO ENCOURAGE
ECONOMIC EQUALITY?

Topic Four
Some people believe that complete government control of the economy is necessary to prevent
instability. Others believe that governments should only intervene in the economy to combat
economic problems such as inflation or unemployment. Still others oppose the idea of any
government intervention in the economy, preferring to allow market forces to restore economic
stability.
SHOULD THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT INTERVENE IN THE ECONOMY
DURING TIMES OF ECONOMIC INSTABILITY?


SS30-Topic A/Pol&Econ (Mac HD)                                                                  1
Topic Five
Some governments believe that certain key industries in an economy should be nationalized
(purchased and run by the State). Other governments oppose this idea of public ownership.
Rather, they believe that enterprises such as resource and energy industries should be privately
owned and that financially troubled key industries should be given government assistance instead
of being taken over.
SHOULD GOVERNMENTS INCREASE THEIR OWNERSHIP OF KEY
INDUSTRIES?

Topic Six
Some people believe that governments should have a minor role in society. They believe that the
state should only assume a few essential responsibilities such as preserving law and order and
providing a postal service. Others believe that governments should take a more active role by
providing basic social services. Still others believe that the state should play a dominant and
comprehensive role in the lives of each citizen.

TO WHAT EXTENT SHOULD THE STATE BECOME INVOLVED IN THE
ACTIVITIES OF ITS CITIZENS?

Topic Seven
Some people believe that minorities who disagree with government policy should be free to
express their views without any restrictions. Other people believe that minorities should have the
right to dissent as long as they do not interfere with the rights of others. They feel that minority
rights should be protected while majority rule is maintained. Still others believe that governments
should restrict the expression of dissenting views in the interest of preserving the wishes of the
majority and preventing civil disorder.
SHOULD GOVERNMENTS ALLOW MINORITIES TO EXPRESS DISSENTING
VIEWS IF THESE VIEWS DIFFER FOR THOSE OF THE MAJORITY?


Topic Eight

Some economists believe that individuals can best achieveself-fulfillment and personal material
welfare through the pursuit of profit in whatever endeavor they choose. They believe that such
goals can only be realized in a free and competitive economy. Other economists hold that the
unrestrained pursuit of profit benefits only a few and creates serious social conflicts. These
economists believe that the pursuit of the collective needs of society through cooperation is
preferable to competitive profit seeking and its potential for exploitation.
SHOULD GOVERNMENTS ENCOURAGE THE PROFIT MOTIVE IN THEIR
NATIONS’ ECONOMIES?




SS30-Topic A/Poi&Econ (Mac HD)                                                                    2
Topic Nine
Some govemments believe that all citizens are entitled to social benefits. Other governments
believe that the state should provide security only for those who are in greatest need. Still other
governments believe that it is each citizen’s responsibility to maintain his or her own economic
security.
SHOULD GOVERNMENTS USE THE PRINCIPLE OF UNIVERSALITY IN
ADMINISTERING SOCIAL WELFARE PROGRAMS?

Topic Ten
Some governments believe that an economy operates best when its citizens are free to exercise their
initiative. They believe that individual decision-making promotes the efficient operation of an
economy. Other governments attempt to combine individual initiative with some government
regulation. They believe that co-operation between enterprising individuals and government offers
the best approach in running an economy. Still other governments emphasize strict central
planning and decision making. They believe that setting economic priorities according to the
collective needs of society must take precedence over individual initiative.
SHOULD GOVERNMENTS EMPHASIZE INDIVIDUAL INITIATIVE IN THEIR
NATION ECONOMIES?

Topic Eleven

Some governments believe that individual freedom should be restricted to accomplish national
economic goals such as full employment. Other governments have attempted to maintain
individual freedom while endeavoring to achieve important national economic goals.
SHOULD THE CANADIAN GOVERNMENT RESTRICT INDIVIDUAL
FREEDOM DURING TIMES OF ECONOMIC DEPRESSION TO ACHIEVE FULL
EMPLOYMENT?

Topic Twelve
In some political systems important economic and political decisions are made by a ruling elite.
Such systems are based on the belief that certain individuals are better suited to govern than others.
In other political systems important economic and political decisions are made by elected officials
chosen from the population at large. Such systems are based On the belief that all citizens should
be part of the decision-making process.

SHOULD ALL CITIZENS OF A NATION HAVE THE OPPORTUNITY TO
BECOME GOVERNMENT LEADERS?




SS30-Topic A/Pol&Econ (Mac HD)                                                                        3
Topic Thirteen

Some people believe that governments must allow political movements to operate no matter how
radical or extreme the movements are. They argue that to outlaw extreme political movements is to
risk surrendering basic rights. Others argue that governments must protect themselves from
extreme political movements that would, upon gaining power, undermine the state and radically
change the status quo. They believe that radical and extreme political movements must be
discouraged and/or disallowed.

SHOULD GOVERNMENTS ALLOW EXTREMIST POLITICAL MOVEMENTS?

Topic Fourteen
Some governments believe that as domestic and/or international economic conditions change, their
own economic system must adapt to these changes. Other governments believe that their own
economic system, under which they have traditionally operated, is best suited to meet changing
conditions and therefore should not be altered.

SHOULD GOVERNMENTS BE PREPARED TO MAKE FUNDAMENTAL
CHANGES TO THEIR NATION’S ECONOMY?

Topic Fifteen
In some nations, only one political party is allowed to exist and to form the government. It’s
believed that such a system best unifies citizens in a common purpose. other nations, two major
                                                                           In
political parties contend with one another to form the government. in still other nations, many
different political parties representing a variety of policies compete with one another to form the
government.
SHOULD NATIONS HAVE MULTI PARTY POLITICAL SYSTEMS?


Topic Sixteen
Many individuals believe that governments must provide industries with financial incentives such
as tax concessions and deferments. loans on favorable terms, or even direct grants. They argue
that such measures will encourage economic expansion and will create employment. Others
contend that it is not the responsibility of governments to provide financial incentives to the
industrial sector. They believe that such revenue can best be used for the public good elsewhere.
SHOULD GOVERNMENTS PROVIDE FINANCIAL INCENTIVES TO
INDUSTRIES TO STIMULATE ECONOMIC GROWTH?




SS30-Topic A/Poi&Econ (Mac HD)                                                                   4
Topic Seventeen

Many individuals believe that government leaders should implement domestic economic programs
that reflect their own specific ideological beliefs. Other individuals argue that government leaders
should implement domestic economic programs that are based on the requirements of the prevailing
economic situation. Still others believe that government leaders, in implementing domestic
economic programs, should combine their specific ideological beliefs with the requirements of the
prevailing economic situation.
IN IMPLEMENTING DOMESTIC ECONOMIC PROGRAMS, SHOULD
GOVERNMENT LEADERS BE MOTIVATED PRIMARILY BY THEIR OWN
SPECIFIC IDEOLOGICAL BELIEFS?

Topic Eighteen
Many individuals believe that governments must not restrict the flow of information within their
nations. Other individuals argue that governments should have total control over the information
available to their citizens. Still others contend that some information should be subject to
government control under certain circumstances.

ARE GOVERNMENTS JUSTIFIED IN CONTROLLING THE FLOW OF
INFORMATION TO THEIR CITIZENS?


Topic Nineteen

Some individuals believe that governments should consistently use democratic processes to make
political decisions. Other individuals believe that governments should use authoritarian processes.
Still others believe that governments should use both democratic and authoritarian processes to
make political decisions.

SHOULD POLITICAL DECISIONS BE MADE DEMOCRATICALLY?




SS30-Topic A/Pol&Econ (Mac HD)
Topic Twenty
Some individuals believe that governments should promote the goals of thewelfare state to provide
for the common good of society. Other individuals believe that promoting the goals of the welfare
state is not the best way to provide for the common good. Still others feel that governments should
combine the goals of the welfare state with those from other economic approaches.
SHOULD GOVERNMENTS EMPHASIZE THE GOALS OF THE WELFARE
STATE IN THEIR NATIONS‘ ECONOMIES?

Topic Twenty-One
Some individuals believe that governments should only implement economic policies and programs
that have the support of public opinion. Other individuals believe that governments should
implement economic policies and programs regardless of their popular appeal

TO WHAT EXTENT SHOULD GOVERNMENTS ALLOW PUBLIC OPINION TO
INFLUENCE THEIR IMPLEMENTATION OF ECONOMIC POLICIES AND
PROGRAMS?


Topic Twenty-Two

Some people believe that during times of significant economic or political crisis within a nation, the
government is justified in restricting the rights and freedoms of its citizens. Others believe that
governments are never justified in limiting individual rights and freedoms, under any
circumstances.
SHOULD GOVERNMENTS LIMIT INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS
DURING A NATIONAL CRISIS?

Topic Twenty-Three
Some individuals believe that governments should use the principles of free enterprise to
restructure their economies. Other individuals believe that this is not the best approach that
governments should take.

SHOULD GOVERNMENTS USE THE PRINCIPLES OF FREE ENTERPRISE TO
RESTRUCTURE THEIR ECONOMIES?


Topic Twenty-Four
Some people believe that citizens should freely express disagreement with their government’s
policies and actions. Others feel that citizens should not. They believe that citizens should accept
government policies without dissent.
TO WHAT EXTEND SHOULD CITIZENS EXPRESS DISAGREEMENT WITH
THEIR GOVERNMENT’S POLICIES AND ACTIONS?



SS30-Topic A/Pol&Econ (Mac HD)                                                                      6
Topic Twenty-Five
When a government makes decisions according to the wishes of the majority of its citizens, the
rights of minority groups may be ignored. Some individuals believe that the will of the majority is
more important than the protection of minority rights. Other individuals believe that minority rights
must be protected at all costs.
TO WHAT EXTENT SHOULD GOVERNMENTS PROTECT MINORITY
RIGHTS?

Topic Twenty-Six
Some people believe that governments today have become too involved in the operation of their
economies. Others feel that governments must maintain a significant role in the operation of their
economies.

SHOULD GOVERNMENTS TODAY PLAY A GREATER ROLE IN THE
OPERATION OF THEIR ECONOMIES?


Topic Twenty-Seven
Some people believe that central planning as an economic system is no longer workable or
desirable. Others believe that central planning is a desirable model. Still others believe that some
principles of central planning are worthwhile in certain circumstances.
IS ECONOMIC CENTRAL PLANNING OBSOLETE?
In your essay, take and defend a position on this issue.

Topic Twenty-Eight
Some people believe that governments must ensure that all citizens have at least a minimum
standard of living. Others believe that it is the responsibility of individuals to provide for their own
well-being.
TO WHAT EXTENT SHOULD GOVERNMENTS PROVIDE FOR THOSE WHO
ARE UNABLE TO PROVIDE FOR THEMSELVES?
In your essay, take and defend a position on this issue.




SS30-Topic A/Pol&Econ (Mac HD)
Topic Twenty-Nine
Some people believe that democratic governments should allow the presence of extremist political
movements or organizations within society. Others believe that democratic governments must
protect society from the beliefs and programs of extremists by banning their activities.
TO WHAT EXTENT SHOULD DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENTS RESTRICT THE
ACTIVITIES OF EXTREMIST POLITICAL MOVEMENTS IN THEIR
SOCIETIES?
In your essay, take and defend a position on this issue.

Topic Thirty

Some people believe that governments have a responsibility to protect the public good by
regulating the activities of the private sector in the economy. Others support deregulation,
believing that govemment interference in the economy is ultimately counterproductive.

TO WHAT EXTENT SHOULD GOVERNMENTS REGULATE THE PRIVATE
SECTOR TO PROTECT THE PUBLIC INTEREST?

In your essay, take and defend a position on this issue.


Topic Thirty-One
Some people believe that governments must ensure that all citizens have at least a minimum
standard of living. Others believe that it is the responsibility of individuals to provide for their own
well-being.

TO WHAT EXTENT SHOULD GOVERNMENTS PROVIDE FOR THOSE WHO
ARE UNABLE TO PROVIDE FOR THEMSELVES?
In your essay, take and defend a position on this issue.

Topic Thirty-Two

Some people believe that certain groups in society are more capable of making fair and wise
political decisions than are the majority of citizens. Other people believe that all citizens must be
involved in political decision making.
TO WHAT EXTENT SHOULD POLITICAL DECISION MAKING BE
RESTRICTED TO A SPECIFIC GROUP IN SOCIETY?
In your essay, take and defend a position on this issue.




SS30-Topic APol&Econ (Mac HD)                                                                           8
Topic Thirty-Three
Some people believe that governments should implement policies that promote full employment
during times of economic instability. Others believe that during times of economic instability,
market forces should be relied upon to restore employment and prosperity.
TO WHAT EXTENT SHOULD GOVERNMENTS INTERVENE IN AN ECONOMY
TO ENCOURAGE FULL EMPLOYMENT?
In your essay, take and defend a position on this issue.
Topic Thirty-Four

Some people believe that the right to voice minority opinions and viewpoints in a society should be
protected at all costs. Others believe that the jpoint of view of the majority should prevail over the
opinion of minorities in the interest of preserving the stability of society.

To what extent’ should the right to express minority viewpoints be protected?

In your essay, take and defend a position on this issue.

Topic Thirty-Five
In some nations, there is only one political party or ruling elite, and if forms the government. In
other nations, two or more political parties compete with one another to form the government.
To what extent should governments be formed through competition among
political parties?
In your essay, take and defend a position on this issue.




SS30-Topic A/Pol&Econ (Mac HD)
                           Scoring Guides for Written Responses

I. Exploration of the Issue [5 marks]

5       Excellent: The exploration of the issue is insightful and mature. A perceptive discussion
        of the significance of the issue and its complexity is comprehensively developed. The
        context established reflects a thorough understanding and internalized appreciation of the
        issue.
4      Proficient: The exploration of the issue is clear and adept. A competent discussion of
       the significance of the issue and its complexity is capably developed. The context
       established reflects a sound understanding of the issue.

3      Satisfactory: The exploration of the issue is straight forward and conventional. An
       adequate but often generalized discussion of the significance of the issue and its complexity
       is developed. The context established reflects an understanding of the issue that is
       generally clear.

2      Limited: The exploration of the issue is incomplete or lacks elaboration. The discussion
       of the significance of the issue and its complexity is superficial lacks development. The
       context established may be difficult to discern, indicating a vague or confused
       understanding of the issue.
1      Poor: The exploration of the issue is minimal. Discussion of the significance of the issue
       and its complexity is disjointed, inaccurate, or extremely vague. The context established is
       difficult or impossible to determine, indicating a minimal understanding of the issue. The
       preamble to the assignment has been copied but is not elaborated.
IN S   Insufficient is a special category. Itis not an indicator of quality. It should be assigned
       to papers that do not contain a discernible attempt to address the issue presented in the
       assignment or that are too brief to assess in this or any other scoring category.

[Source: Social Studies 30 Information Bulletin]

Points to remember:

       Don’t take an immediate position
       Discuss all the alternative points of view before indicating your position
       Discuss the merits and shortfalls of alternative points of view

       State the position that you are adopting and be prepared to provide supporting arguments




SS30-Topic WPoL4Econ (Mac HD)                                                                     13
II.     Defense of Position [10 marks]
5       Excellent: The defense of position is based on well-considered, convincing. and logical
        arguments revealing a confident writer. The arguments presented are consistent and
        forceful, demonstrating maturity, insight, and/or originality. The evidence chosen is
        deliberate and judicious, serving to support the arguments developed and the position
        taken. A strong relationship between the position, arguments, and evidence is established
        and maintained throughout. The content is ordered and controlled in such a way as to
        convincingly reinforce the writer’s arguments.
4       Proficient: The defense of position is based on sound arguments. The arguments
        presented are logical and competently developed. The evidence chosen is appropriate,
        serving to support the arguments given and the position taken. A clear relationship is
        established between the position, arguments, and evidence. The content is ordered in such
        a way that the writer’s arguments are clearly discernible.
        Satisfactory: The defense of position is based on one or more adequate arguments.
        While the arguments are generally sound, they may lack persuasiveness and consistency.
        The evidence chosen adequately supports the arguments given and the position taken. The
        relationship between the position, arguments, and evidence is generally established. The
        context is ordered in such a way that the writer’s arguments are generally identifiable.

2       Limited: The defense of position is based on simple assertions rather than on the
        development of supportive ideas or arguments. If arguments are presented, they are of
        questionable logic or are repetitive, unspecific, contradictory, simplistic, or based on
        uninformed belief. The evidence given may be related to the issue under discussion but
        may be largely unrelated to any arguments made or to the position taken. The relationship
        between position, argument. and evidence may be difficult to determine. The content is
        ordered in such a way that the writer’s arguments are contradictory, vague, or redundant.
1       Poor The defense of position is weak; i.e., the position taken is hard to determine or little
        or no attempt is made to defend it. The writer has so misinterpreted the issue that the
        arguments and evidence presented are related to the position taken but are largely unrelated
        to the issue under discussion. The evidence chosen may be inappropriately applied to the
        development of any supportive argument or to the position taken. The content is
        disorganized and leaves in doubt the writer’s intent.

        [Source: Social Studies 30 Information Bulletin]
Points to remember:
       Clearly state your position
        Couple all your statement with explanations and examples
        Try and consider all aspects of the issue at hand

        Add strength to your position by citing known authorities who support it




SS30-Topic A/Pol&Econ (Mac HD)                                                                   14
III.    Quality of Examples [10 marks

5       Excellent: The selected examples are comprehensive and specific, revealing a mature and
        insightful understanding of content and its application to the assigned issue. The examples
        are relevant and accurate, and are chosen deliberately, demonstrating a sophisticated
        knowledge of social studies content.

4       Proficient: The selected examples are purposeful and usually specific. revealing a
        competent understanding of content and its application to the assigned issue. The examples
        are relevant and accurate, indicating a solid grasp of social studies content.

3       Satisfactory: The selected examples are largely conventional, revealing an adequate
        understanding of content and its application to the assigned issue. The examples are
        relevant but may contain some minor factual errors, or there may be a mixture of relevant
        and extraneous information. Understanding of social studies content is generalized rather
        than specific.

2       Limited: The selected examples are unfocused or inappropriate, revealing a vague
        understanding of content and its application to the assigned issue. The examples are
        potentially relevant but contain inaccuracies or extraneous detail.Understanding of social
        studies content demonstrates confusion or oversimplification.

1       Poor: The selected examples are either irrelevant or so scant, overgeneralized, or
        inaccurate that they indicate a poor or almost complete lack of understanding of content and
        its application to the assigned issue. The examples contain major and revealing errors,
        indicating a minimal understanding of social studies content. Some examples selected have
        been copied verbatim from the multiple choice section of the examination without
        elaboration, or the issue has been so misunderstood that the selected examples are largely
        inappropriate for the issue under discussion.
        [Source: Social Studies 30 Information Bulletin]
Points to remember:
        Stick to what you know and don’t use examples which are not clearly relevant to your
        position.

        Don’t generalize examples but rather. recognize their similarities and their subtle differences
        Try to use diverse examples both geographically and historically




SS30-Topic A/Pol&Econ (Mac HD)                                                                      15
IV .    Quality of Language and Expression [5 marks]
5       Excellent: The writing is skillfully structured and fluent. Vocabulary is appropriate and
        effective. Syntax is controlled and varied. The relative absence of error is impressive
        under the circumstances, and minor errors do not detractfrom the clarity or effectiveness of
        communication.
4       Proficient: The writing is clear and generally fluent. Vocabulary is appropriate and
        specific. Syntax is controlled. Minor errors do not reduce the clarity of communication.
3       Satisfactory: The writing is clear. Vocabulary is adequate but tends to be general rather
        than specific. Syntax is generally straightforward. Despite minor errors, the student
        demonstrates control of conventions.

2       Limited: The writing may be unclear and/or ineffective. Vocabulary is inappropriate
        and/or imprecise. Syntax is immature and/or awkward. Errors indicate a lack of control of
        conventions.

1       Poor: The writing is frequently unclear and not fluent. Vocabulary is frequently
        inaccurate. Syntax is confused and uncontrolled. Frequent errors impede communication.
        [Source: Social Studies 30 Information Bulletin]

Points to remember:

        Know and use Social Studies-specific vocabulary

        Don’t overstate your point

        Get involved in the dilemma at hand and write with conviction.




SS30-Topic A/Pol&Econ (Mac HD)                                                                  16
Suggestions to Students for Writing the Essay
During a number of marking sessions, a number of teachers have been asked to submit tips or
advice that they would give to their students on writing the essay assignment. The following
points represent a summary of some of the responses to that request.
Read the Essay Topics First
- Read the essay topics before you begin the multiple-choice section.
-   Select the topic about which you are most knowledgeable, not the one you think is the easiest
    or hardest to complete.
-   Then, when answering the multiple-choice questions, make a mental note of those questions
    that contain information or ideas that may relate to the essay topic ; you have chosen.
-   After answering the multiple-choice questions, reread the essay topic and preamble very
    carefully.

Plan
- Budget your time
-   Plan your essay:
-   Develop a clear thesis statement on the issue
-   Order your main points and evidence in a logical fashion so that the reader will be convinced
    that your position is the “best” one

-   Discuss the significance and complexity of the issue
Organize and Develop
- Select and organize your arguments, ideas. and examples (evidence) in a way that you feel will
   best support your position on the issue. Current events can and should be used where
   appropriate.
-   Make sure that each sentence in your essay contributes to the development of your argument
    and is related to your position on the issue.
Edit and Proofread
- Edit and proofread your finished work carefully. Make corrections directly on your finished
   work.
Marking
Remember that your essay will be marked for:
-   thoughtfulness and consistency of argument and position
-   evidence that you know and understand the complexity and significance of the issue
-   relevant and accurate supporting information




SS30-Topic A/Pol&Econ (Mac HD)                                                               17

								
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