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									Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald. Saturday 1st. July 1865. Page 2 Column 7. Railway to Brampton. A petition is now in course of signature by the manufacturers and colliery owners of Brampton to the Directors of the Midland Railway Company requesting them to take into consideration the propriety of making a branch line to extend about a mile for the purpose of conveying all the merchandise of this increasing district. The necessity for this step can hardly be disputed when the Commissioners have over-ruled the wishes of the manufacturers and also the railway company whom it so seriously affects by constructing an extra tollbar just on the confines of the borough. North Derbyshire is unfortunate in having an increase in impositions when other towns are doing all they can to remove them by doing away all tollbars contiguous thereto, viz. Sheffield has decided that no other rates should be granted than the debt which is very small must be paid off and the tollbar near the Midland Station at Sheffield shall be abolished. Here we already have between Chesterfield and Bakewell two new erections of this class, the one near lower Brampton and the other, a private one, erected at Pilsley by the Duke of Devonshire. To obviate the increased tax upon the one in Brampton it is intended to make a single line which will not only be a great saving but a great convenience.

Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald. Saturday 1st. July 1865. Page 2 Column 7. Mill Dam Mining Company. The Directors of this Company assembled at the mine at Great Hucklow on Tuesday last, for the purpose of transacting the ordinary business of the Company. The quantity of ore raised during the reckoning was computed at 60 tons which would realise between £700 and £800 and this sum would leave a very handsome profit upon the six weeks working. The mine looks still very promising and augurs well for the future prospects of the Company. The first dividend declared by this Company was paid on the 1st. June inst. and the Directors at their last meeting decided to celebrate the event by giving to their workmen a treat of roast beef and plum pudding. A large marquee was erected on the mine for the occasion and the directors and upwards of a hundred workmen sat down to dinner and freely partook of the good old English fare. After the usual loyal toasts were given the chairman gave the toast of the day "Success to the Milldam Mining Company", which was heartily responded to by the company present. Several other toasts were given and responded to and the proceedings were enlivened by the strains of music and singing.

Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald. Saturday 1st. July 1865. Page 3 Column 4. Opening of the Don Vale Fire Clay Works at Outibridge. On Wednesday June the 21st. Mr. Edley Taylor entertained a large party of his friends and workmen at dinner which was provided in a most liberal manner by Mr. Rhodes of the Pheasant Inn. Mr. Taylor occupied the chair and Mr. Edward Brook Jnr. of Huddersfield ably supported him as vice. After the cloth was drawn the usual patriotic toasts were cordially drunk when Mr. Taylor gave the health of the Duke of Norfolk from whom he is leasing the clay and land. Mr. James Beaumont briefly responded. Mr. Brook then proposed the toast of the evening, "Success and Prosperity to the Don Vale Fire Clay Works" coupled with the health of Mr. Taylor. This was most enthusiastically drunk with musical honours. Mr. Taylor replied that it gave him great pleasure to see so many of his friends around him and he felt deeply grateful for the flattering manner in which they had wished the undertaking success. He felt confident it would be a success and though he had come amongst them as a stranger he hoped soon to be better known in the neighbourhood. He then proposed the healths of the architect, engineer and millwright of the works. Mr. Rollinson, the architect responded. The health of Mr. Taylor's family was then drunk and responded to by the chairman who proposed the visitors. visitors. Mr. Edward Young returned thanks for the residents and Mr. Kent of Chesterfield for the

The directors and official and Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway were responded to by Mr. Lamb of Sheffield and Mr. Barr, the resident station-master. This concluded the proceedings.

Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald. Saturday 1st. July 1865. Page 3 Column 6. Leaving Service. William Shaw, viewer, of the Lings Colliery, charged Samuel Turton with leaving his work without giving proper notice, viz. 28 days. Prisoner would not work on a Friday and came out of the pit. He came to work on the Saturday. To return to work and pay costs amounting to 13-0d. work. Thomas Turton was charged with the same offense. Fined same amount and to return to

John Hill also charged with the like offense and pleaded guilty. Fined 17-6d. or 21 days hard labour.

Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald. Saturday 8th. July 1865. Page 2 Column 7. Fire Damp Explosion. Loss of Two Lives. An explosion on Thursday 22nd. June at Messrs. Wells, Park Pit, Eckington, by which the lives of two persons have been sacrificed. The names of the deceased are Edward Seston, of Eckington Marsh, who died on Friday last aged 19 years and John Nicholson, of Mosborough, who died on Monday last. Inquests have been opened upon the bodies before C.S.B. Busby Esq., coroner, and adjourned until yesterday (Friday) to enable a Government Inspector, Mr. Evans, to attend.

Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald. Saturday 8th. July 1865. Page 3 Column 1. Pit Accident at Hady. On Thursday last an accident, attended with fatal results, occurred at one of the pits at Hady. It appears that a boy named Brailsford, the son of the manager, was employed at the top of the pit, and through the slipping of some bind or earth his feet gave way and he was precipitated to the bottom, his head coming into contact with the corner of the corve. An inquest was opened on view of the body yesterday (Friday) at the Municipal Hall and adjourned till Tuesday morning next to enable the Government Inspector to attend. We hear that there were no printed rules attached to the colliery, which is being worked by the father of the deceased.

Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald. Saturday 8th. July 1865. Page 3 Column 1. Drunkenness in the Mining Districts. Some interesting official data has just been collected as to the prevalence of drunkenness in the mining and manufacturing districts of Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, Staffordshire, Warwickshire and Worcestershire. The total number of persons proceeded against for drunkenness in Derbyshire in the year ending Sept. 20th. 1864 was 690, in Nottinghamshire, 706, in Staffordshire, 3306, in Warwickshire, 410 and in Worcestershire, 518. The total number convicted was, in Derbyshire, 625, in Nottinghamshire, 576, in Staffordshire, 2656, in Warwickshire, 348, and in Worcestershire 349. Those proceeded against per 1000 of the population was in Derbyshire 2.4, in Nottinghamshire 3.4, in Staffordshire 5.2, in Warwickshire 2.1 and in Worcestershire 2.0. Number convicted per 1000 of the population was in Derbyshire 2.1, in Nottinghamshire 2.7, in Staffordshire 4.2, in Warwickshire 1.8 and in Worcestershire 1.4. We have thus an average for the five counties of 3.6 per 1000 as regards the number proceeded against for drunkenness and 2.9 per 1000 as regards the number convicted. In a cluster of agricultural counties the corresponding averages were 1.9 and 1.7 per 1000 inhabitants respectively. From the Mining Journal.

Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald. Saturday 8th. July 1865. Page 3 Column 2. Colliery Offense. Stephen Sayer owner of the Bridgehouse Colliery, Brampton, was fined £5 and costs or two months imprisonment in default, for having neglected to give notice within the prescribed time (2 months) of a accident to the Inspector, Mr. Thomas Evans. At the request of the Inspector half the penalty was ordered to be given to the deceased. Mr. Busby appeared for the prosecution. A second charge was withdrawn on payment of costs.

Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald. Saturday 8th. July 1865. Page 3 Column 2. Wages Case. The Householders Mutual Colliery Association (Ltd.), Brampton, was summoned by Frederick Pickering, of Brampton, collier, for refusing to pay him the sum of 34-1d. wages due to him in respect of work done by him for them at their colliery at Brampton. Ordered to pay the amount claimed with costs (13-6d.) which were paid forthwith.

Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald. Saturday 8th. July 1865. Page 3 Column 3. Wages Case. Joseph Wilde, of Danesmoor, Clay Cross, collier, was summoned by Joseph Hardwick, of Pilsley, collier, for non-payment of 11-3d. wages due to him in respect of work done by him for the defendant at No. 4 Main Pit of the Clay Cross Company at the rate of 3-9d. per day. The Bench made an order on the defendant for the sum claimed with costs (17-0d.). Defendant paid 7-6d. and was allowed a fortnight to pay the remainder.

Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald. Saturday 15th. July 1865. Page 3 Column 1. Fatal Accident. A singular accident has happened at Clay Cross which has had a fatal termination. On Whit Monday a young man named Henry Martin, engine-tenter and a young man named Osborne, both employed at Mr. Houldsworth's colliery were having a little sport on the pitbank. Martin went to the water trough at the bank to drink when Osborne, thinking he would give him a splash, threw a brick intending that it should drop in the water but instead of so doing it struck Martin on the head inflicting a fracture of the skull. Martin lingered until Thursday morning when he died. He received every medical attention from Dr. Wilson of Clay Cross and Dr. Booth of Chesterfield. An inquest was held on Thursday evening before C.S.B. Busby Esq. when, after a patient enquiry, the Jury returned a verdict of "Accidental Death".

Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald. Saturday 15th. July 1865. Page 3 Column 1. A Fall down a Pit. On Tuesday last a son of John Jarvis (alias Sloke or Slonk) fell down Codnor Walters Pit, a distance of 40 yards. Fortunately there was nothing at the bottom and alighting on his feet, singular to say he was brought out alive but is suffering from injuries to his legs occasioned by the shock. Under the care of Dr. Ward (?) he is progressing very favourably.

Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald. Saturday 15th. July 1865. Page 3 Column 4. Breach of Colliery Rules. William Brailsford, fireman, of Holme-Gate was brought up charged under a warrant by John Walters, timekeeper to the Clay Cross Company, with absenting himself from his employment, without having given fourteen days notice. Ordered to pay 17-8d. costs and return to his work.

Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald. Saturday 15th. July 1865. Page 4 Column 3. Inquest at Renishaw. On Friday evening last the inquest on the bodies of two of the victims (Sistern and Nicholson) of the late colliery explosion in the Renishaw Park Collieries reported on the 17th. June was held before C.S.B. Busby Esq., coroner, at the Sitwell Arms Inn, Renishaw. Mr. Evans, the Government Inspector of Mines, was in attendance. The explosion appeared to have occurred thus. The colliery is a new one and only at present possessed two main roads from the bottom of the shaft directly north and south about 80 yards in each direction. The explosion took place in a bank that was being worked at the furthest extremity of the south road. The roof was found to be breaking and gas issuing in quantities and the men quitted to dangerous place directly leaving both clothes and tools and stood in the main road. A boy was dispatched for the "fire-trier" who happened to be in the northern works. During the absence of the lad and fireman one of the men, Stevenson, appears to have left the others and gone back to the working for the purpose of saving his tools. It is supposed that he fired the gas by the means of his candle. The Jury returned a verdict of "Accidental Death".

Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald. Saturday 29th. July 1865. Page 2 Column 7. Visit to the Mill Dam Mine. In company with a Sheffield gentleman of great mining experience we made a very careful examination of the workings of the Mill Dam Mine at Great Hucklow and found that they have upwards of half a mile of working vein from east to west and that vein is of very great power, varying in width to upwards of twelve feet. The ancient miners had cut this vein to 40, 45 and in some places 50 fathoms but having no steam power appliances, they had been unable to deal with the water below that depth. Still, the skill that they had displayed with hand pumps, puddle-dams is highly commendable. They had however satisfied themselves with simply cutting the best part of the vein and what they had left pays the present company well with their superior engines and appliances for cutting and out of which for years they have raised large measures of ore. But half is not told. They are now taking a stope before them, east from the 55 to the 65 fathom level, 20 yards deep, the whole of the vein, and this too below the ancient mines and consequently new and entirely uncut vein. Now that they are now coming to the true secret of the traditional wealth of the vein it is surprising the quantity of ore they met with. In the stope (the face of which we saw bare from top to bottom) towards the bottom the viewed wall was much greater than towards the top although in the depth of this stope ??????????? we found they had one rib of solid ore from 11 to 13 inches in thickness. Towards the bottom there was indication of it going much thicker. On the south side they had another 4 inches thick. The rest of the vein consisted of spar and lime intermingled with numerous bearings of a lesser thickness. The workman skilfully cut out the whole and place it in waggons and put it down the drifts and up the shaft at a quick rate. There landed the produce is subjected to a good stream of water from the pumps of the mine. It is thus washed and having been sorted it is crushed by steam power, dressed and passed to the warehouse for sale. It is impossible to say how rich the vein may become when they take another stope at a further depth of 10 fathoms. The measures dip at a rate of 1 in 6 in that direction. On going west we found they were driving in that direction in the vein at a depth of 65 fathoms. This again is uncut and entire and of great length and is expected to be equally rich. The mine has a vein estimated to serve 25 years at the present rate of workings. In the warehouse there is quite an exhibition of ore. Some of the pieces being of fabulous size, 14 cwt., 10½ cwt. and 7 cwt. and down to the size of a man's foot, some 25 tons of that class and some 20 tons of dressed stuff for two weeks working. They may reasonably expect the next measure for several weeks work to raise from 100 to 140 tons worth nearly £12 per ton or double the rate of last weeks yield. We came away highly pleased with our visit and heartily wished them prosperity. Communicator.

Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald. Saturday 29th. July 1865. Page 3 Column 4. Inquests before C.S.B. Busby Esq., Coroner. 1. Staveley - Fatal Coal Mine Accident.

On the 26th. inst. an inquest was opened at the Crown Inn, Staveley, before C.S.B. Busby Esq., coroner, on view of the body of William Harrison, aged 21 years, who was killed by a fall of bind in the Speedwell Pit, Staveley, on the morning of the 26th. The inquest was adjourned till the morning on Monday the 31st. inst. 2. Lings - Another Coal Mine Accident.

On Thursday the 27th. inst. an inquest was opened at the Miners Arms, Lings, in the Parish of North Wingfield, on the body of Charles Vardy who was killed by a fall of bind in the Lings Pit belonging to Messrs. Chambers, Wingerworth Coal Company. The Jury viewed the body and the inquest was then adjourned to the 31st. 3. Clay Cross - Coal Mine Accident.

On the same day an inquest was opened at the George and Dragon in Clay Cross on the body of George Allen, who was injured by a fall of bind on the 19th. inst. in No. 2 Pit belonging to the Clay Cross Company and died on the 27th. The inquest was adjourned to the 31st.

Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald. Saturday 29th. July 1865. Page 3 Column 4. Coal Cutting Machinery. With a view to enable the picks of a coal cutting machine to make a complete revolution so as to work much more effectively and quicker then heretofore, and at the same time to render the machine capable of easy transportation from one part of the mine to another, Mr. F.W. Armitage of Barnsley, has patented an invention according to which he constructs the foundation plate of the machine in two parts which are provided with strong flanges or otherwise so formed that they can be firmly united or bolted together end to end so as to form one solid plate when the machine is in working order and is readily taken asunder when it is required to transport this machine from place to place so that the two parts (each only about 4ft. long or of any other length convenient). The machine is much more manageable and capable of being turned in a small place than would otherwise be. When the machine is in working order the foundation plate is supported by four wheels running on the ordinary tram rails of the mine, one wheel being placed at or near each corner and the picks revolve horizontally in the space below the plate in between the wheels but when the plate is taken asunder each part thereof is carried by four wheels, the wheels being mounted in brackets or carriers, which are readily detached from or fixed to the plate in the position required. How the machinery is attached to one of the plates across which it is mounted diagonally so as to bring the crankshaft, which works the picks, to the front in the corner of it, in order that when it were in position the centre of revolution of the picks shall be in front and as near as possible to the face of the coal without midway between the extremities of the foundation plate. The driving machinery consists of a horizontal steam cylinder, piston and valve, a connecting rod attached to the cross-head. The piston rod a vertical crank shaft, the other end of which is carried by a bracket bolted to the plate and the lower end, immediately below the plate, is provided with a cross piece or strong boss having sockets in which the arms and picks are securely fixed. The side valve is worked by a tappet on the crosshead of the piston rod. As before mentioned this one half of the foundation plate carries the whole of the working machinery, the other half which is bolted to it, when in the working position, being for the purpose of getting a second fulcrum or support for one side of the circle in which the picks revolve. It will be evident that this same arrangement will be equally applicable to the mounting or driving of any other form of revolving cutter for such purposes and it is not necessarily confined to the use of picks as above described and also that the foundation plate may be composed of more than two parts if found necessary. From the Mining Journal.

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