Compendium of Information on Regional Offices by coold

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									Compendium of Information
   on Regional Offices




            2004




    Regional Affairs Office
                                         Table of Contents

1 – Organization of Regional Offices
2 – Regional Office Areas of Responsibility
3 – Guidelines followed by Regional Officers in Various Technical Fields
4 – Specific Activities of Regional Offices - 2003
5 – Specific Activities to the Pursued by Regional Offices in the Air Navigation, Air Transport,
    Aviation Security and Technical Cooperation Fields - 2003

6 – Missions to States by Regional Office Staff - 2003
7 – Regional Office Advice and Assistance to States on Implementation
8 – Regional Office Staffing levels
9 – Triennial Budgets of Regional Offices and RAO
10 – Planning and Implementation Regional Groups (PIRGs) - Background
11 – PIRGs - Applicable Provisions
12 – PIRG Structures
13 – Regional Developments in Air Navigation Systems
14 – Frequency of States Attendance at ICAO Regional Office Meetings - 2003
                                                   PART 1

                             ORGANIZATION OF REGIONAL OFFICES



1.1     THE REGIONAL STRUCTURE

1.1.1            Historical Background

1.1.1.1           Shortly after the establishment of the International Civil Aviation Organization in
December 1944, the Interim Council recognized the need to subdivide the world into air navigation regions
in order to facilitate the planning and implementation of ground services and facilities essential for
international air transport operations. The two principal concepts which led to this conclusion are:

                 a) as the operational and technical problems inherent in different parts of the world varied
                    considerably it was logical that planning and implementation of the required ground
                    services should be carried out on an area or regional basis - the geographical limits of
                    which should be such as to encompass air route stages having a certain degree of
                    homogeneity, and therefore entailing a somewhat uniform set of requirements; and

                 b) planning the requirements for air navigation facilities and services is done through
                    consultation among a limited number of States in preference to planning on a worldwide
                    basis. These consultations are carried out on an area basis and normally through
                    regional air navigation meetings. The need to conduct the planning of the facilities and
                    services required for the worldwide network of international air routes in a small
                    number of areas of manageable proportions is evident.

Considerations of a non-operational or non-technical nature, which may play a role in determining the
requirements for air navigation services and facilities are the geographical and climatological conditions that
prevail in certain areas of the world and the means by which these requirements can be met in those areas.

1.1.1.2          With the foregoing in mind, the Interim Council agreed in 1945 to establish ten air
navigation regions, the boundaries of which roughly coincided with the continental and oceanic masses. In
defining these boundaries, provision was made for overlapping of the regions at the edges such that as many
as possible of the terminals associated with the air route network for the region were included within the
region. The original ten air navigation regions consisted of the African-Indian Ocean, the Caribbean, the
European-Mediterranean, the Middle East, the North Atlantic, the North Pacific, the South American, the
South Atlantic, the South Pacific and the Southeast Asian Regions. By 1952, the number of regions was
reduced to eight by combining the North and South Pacific Regions into the Pacific Region and the South
American and the South Atlantic Regions, retaining the name of the former.

1.1.1.3            The advent of jet aircraft in 1957-1958 led to the introduction of considerably longer route
stage lengths, many of which traverse the full extent of two or more regions. Moreover, as the number of
jet aircraft increased the operational and technical problems encountered throughout the world progressively
lost much of their regional character. This, in turn, pointed to the need for a further revision of the regional
structure and the 14th Session of the ICAO Assembly directed the Council to undertake a study of the
regional structure in the light of existing and future developments and to overcome certain problems such
as those posed by the overlapping of the regions and by the non-inclusion of certain areas.
                                                    1-2

1.1.2           Present Regional Structure

1.1.2.1          The results of the Council's study confirmed that planning on an area basis should continue
and that the concept of dividing the world into air navigation regions should be retained, but mainly to
provide a starting point in establishing the geographical area to be considered by a particular regional air
navigation (RAN) meeting and to serve as a basis for the distribution over a series of air navigation plan
publications of all planned facilities and services resulting from the regional planning processes. Thus, with
these objectives in mind, the Council redefined the air navigation regions in 1964 on the understanding that
the area to be considered by a regional air navigation meeting could embrace one or more air navigation
regions, or parts thereof, depending upon the coverage of the international air route network established by
the Air Navigation Commission for consideration by that meeting. At the same time, the Council eliminated
any overlapping between regions, included the associated polar areas in the regions, changed the name of
the European-Mediterranean Region into the European Region, and established a North American Region
to encompass Canada, the United States and the associated polar area. In 1980, the Council also renamed
the South East Asian Region as the Asia Region. As a result of the global nature of the new ICAO
CNS/ATM systems, it is considered that the planning of air navigation facilities and services, primarily on
a regional basis, will no longer be suitable, instead, a global approach is increasingly becoming necessary.
Furthermore, consideration is being given to redefining the air navigation regions and interregional
coordination on the basis of homogeneous ATM airspaces and areas of major traffic flows.

1.1.2.2        The present regional structure as defined in Appendix 1 to the Directives to Regional Air
Navigation Meetings and Rules of Procedure for their Conduct (Doc 8144-AN/874) comprises the following
regions:

                a) AFRICA-INDIAN OCEAN (AFI) REGION;

                b) ASIA (ASIA) REGION;

                c) CARIBBEAN (CAR) REGION;

                d) EUROPEAN (EUR) REGION;

                e) MIDDLE EAST (MID) REGION;

                f) NORTH AMERICAN (NAM) REGION;

                g) NORTH ATLANTIC (NAT) REGION;

                h) PACIFIC (PAC) REGION; and

                i)   SOUTH AMERICAN (SAM) REGION.

1.1.2.3         A map showing the above regions is at Appendix 1-A.

1.1.3           Categorization of States

1.1.3.1         A Contracting State of ICAO is a State which has adhered to the Chicago Convention on
International Civil Aviation, whether or not it is a member of the United Nations and/or any of its other
Agencies, e.g. Switzerland. A non-Contracting State of ICAO, on the other hand, is a State which has not
                                                      1-3

signed and does not adhere to the Chicago Convention, but which is a member of the UN and/or any of its
other Agencies, e g. the Holy See. There is a third category; that of States which are not signatories to the
Convention on International Civil Aviation and which are not members of the United Nations nor of any of
its Agencies. Very few States belong to this category, which has not been given a specific name.

1.1.3.2          For purposes of planning and facilitating the follow-up of implementation of the required
air navigation services and facilities, States have been categorized in two main groups - those which are
geographically situated within the region or have territory in that region and those which are not located in
the region but have air carriers on their registry which conduct international air traffic operations in the
region. The States belonging to the first group are essentially those which are responsible for the provision
of the services and facilities required in the region and are, for purposes of brevity, referred to as 'provider'
States. The States of the second group are usually referred to as 'user' States.

1.1.3.3            Under the foregoing grouping, a State may be both a 'provider' and a 'user' State in the region
in which it is situated or in other regions in which it has territories. A State may also have provider interests
in a number of regions because of its location in an area where the various air route networks associated with
the regions intermesh. An example of this is the United States which has provider interests in the Pacific,
the North Atlantic, the Caribbean and the North American Regions. On the other hand, a State may have user
interests in any number or all of the established air navigation region depending on the international routes
flown by its airlines. Examples are France, Japan, the United Kingdom, the United States, etc., whose
airlines operate globally.

1.1.4            Air Route Networks

1.1.4.1           Developments in international civil aviation will from time to time make it necessary to
consider changes in the requirements for air navigation facilities in the light of those developments and future
requirements. To a great extent, the planning and implementation regional groups (PIRGs) assist in keeping
the air navigation plan up to date in the light of the new requirements, however, if warranted, the PIRG
concerned recommends that a regional air navigation (RAN) meeting be convened. When such is the case
for a particular region or regions, Contracting States (both provider and user) associated with route stages
comprising the air route network in question and international organizations concerned are consulted on the
need to convene a RAN meeting for the region or regions. Proposals to convene a RAN meeting are
submitted to the Air Navigation Commission which, after consultation with States concerned, establishes,
inter alia, the limits of the the area to be considered by the meeting. Once the holding of the meeting has
been approved by the Council, the Contracting States and international organizations which were consulted
are invited to attend the meeting as members. In addition other Contracting States, non-Contracting States
and other international organizations and bodies may also be invited to attend the meeting as observers if the
area to be considered by the meeting is clearly of concern to them.

1.2     THE REGIONAL OFFICES

1.2.1            Location

1.2.1.1          Along with the sub-division of the world into air navigation regions, the need arose to
establish ICAO regional offices to discharge the continuing responsibilities of the Organization within and
applicable to defined geographical areas. The first office was established in Paris in 1946 and there are now
7 regional offices, i.e.:
                                                     1-4

                 Bangkok:   Asia and Pacific (APAC) Office
                 Cairo:     Middle East (MID) Office
                 Dakar:     Western and Central African (WACAF) Office
                 Lima:      South American (SAM) Office
                 Mexico:    North American, Central American and Caribbean (NACC) Office
                 Nairobi:   Eastern and Southern African (ESAF) Office
                 Paris:     European and North Atlantic (EUR/NAT) Office

1.2.2            Secretariat

1.2.2.1           The Secretariat of a regional office consists of an ICAO Regional Director (ICAORD), a
Deputy Regional Director (DEPRD) or Technical Team Leader (EUR/NAT Office), various specialist
officers and supporting administrative and secretarial staff. The ICAO Regional Director assures the detailed
application of the broad ICAO policy directives at his/her discretion taking due account of the specific
requirements of the area of responsibility and the expertise available in the office. The types of expertise
available in the regional offices may vary to some extent from office to office depending on the specific
needs of the areas they serve, although experts in the aerodromes and ground aids (AGA), air traffic
management (ATM) and search and rescue services (SAR), meteorology (MET), communications ,
navigation and surveillance (CNS), flight safety (FS), aeronautical information services and aeronautical
charts (AIS/MAP), technical cooperation (TC) and air transport (AT) are generally available in most of the
offices. Matters related to the TRAINAIR Programme are assigned by each ICAORD to a TRAINAIR
regional contact point who is one of the regional officers. The guidance material on the work of regional
officers presented in Chapter 3 should assist ICAO Regional Directors, when establishing work assignments
as part of their responsibility to ensure the efficient management of the office, where such expertise is not
readily available.

1.2.3            Accreditation to States and Areas of Responsibility

1.2.3.1          The system of ICAO representation through regional offices as well as the areas of
responsibility of each office have been established by the Council. Lists of the States to which each office
is accredited and of non-Contracting States, dependent territories and regional organizations of international
bodies with which it maintains liaison, as well as a map showing each office's area of accreditation.

1.2.3.2          The Council (16-2) agreed in 1952 that minor modifications in the areas of responsibility
of regional offices can be decided on the basis of agreement between the States concerned and the Secretary
General, without reference to the Council. The following principles, which governed the accreditation of
the regional offices to particular States and thus the determination of the original areas of responsibility of
each office, will also serve as a basis for arranging any future adjustment to the current arrangement:

                 a)   the accrediting of each office to the maximum possible number of States and
                      dependent territories lying within the air navigation regions with which the office is
                      associated geographically;

                 b)   the accessibility of each office to and from the capitals of the countries to which the
                      office is accredited; and

                 c)   the wishes of the States concerned.
                                                    1-5

1.2.3.3          Regional office geographical coverage for technical cooperation is closely aligned to that
of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and differs therefore in a number of respects from
that for the regular programme.

1.2.3.4          Except in a few cases where arrangements for direct correspondence between States and any
regional office have been made by the Administrations concerned, the offices normally correspond only with
the States to which they are accredited.

1.2.4           General objectives of the Regional Offices

1.2.4.l          The objectives of the regional offices are those of the Organization. These objectives are
defined in Article 44 of the Convention on International Civil Aviation as follows:

                "The aims and objectives of the Organization are to develop the principles and techniques
                of international air navigation and to foster the planning and development of international
                air transport so as to:

                a)    ensure the safe and orderly growth of international civil aviation throughout the world;

                b)    encourage the arts of aircraft design and operation for peaceful purposes;

                c)    encourage the development of airways, airports and air navigation facilities for
                      international civil aviation;

                d)    meet the needs of the peoples of the world for safe, regular, efficient and economical
                      air transport;

                e)    prevent economic waste caused by unreasonable competition;

                f)    ensure that the rights of Contracting States are fully respected and that every
                      Contracting State has a fair opportunity to operate international airlines;

                g)    avoid discrimination between Contracting States;

                h)    promote safety of flight in international air navigation; and

                i)    promote generally the development of all aspects of international civil aeronautics."

1.2.5           Tasks and responsibilities

1.2.5.1          The regional offices report directly to the Secretary General and are primarily responsible
for maintaining continuous liaison with the States to which they are accredited and with appropriate
organizations, regional civil aviation bodies and UN Regional Economic Commissions, to promote
implementation of ICAO policies, decisions, standards and recommended practices and air navigation plans
and provide technical assistance when requested to do so. With regard to the planning and implementation
of air navigation facilities and services, the regional offices are closely assisted by planning and
implementation regional groups (PIRGs). In pursuing that primary role, the offices carry out tasks and duties
under the general direction of the Director of the Bureau or the Chief of the office concerned at Headquarters
as outlined in the following paragraphs.
                                               1-6

1.2.5.1.1   Under the general direction of the Director, Air Navigation Bureau, the regional offices:

            a)   inform States of the extent and nature of the requirements of the air navigation plans
                 and those of appropriate recommendations of regional air navigation meetings, and
                 advise on how the requirements should be implemented;

            b)   advise and assist States in resolving problems encountered in the organizational,
                 operational, technical, procedural, logistics, environmental and maintenance aspects
                 of the provision of air navigation services and facilities required by the air navigation
                 plans, including those related to manning and training;

            c)   ensure, in consultation with States as appropriate and with the assistance of PIRGs,
                 that the air navigation plans are up-to-date in the light of current and foreseen
                 operational requirements;

            d)   monitor progress in the implementation of air navigation plans, document the result
                 to the PIRG concerned, and forward to Headquarters information and other factual
                 material as required;

            e)   monitor progress of States in achieving satisfactory implementation of Annex and
                 PANS provisions and forward to Headquarters information and factual data as
                 required;

            f)   monitor significant deficiencies in States' abilities to implement Annex and PANS
                 provisions and, as necessary or directed, consult with the authorities concerned on the
                 possible elimination of deficiencies;

            g)   coordinate joint implementation action by States and arrange for discussions between
                 authorities of two or more States including, if necessary, the convening of informal
                 meetings when problems of coordination arise;

            h)   recommend any necessary special measures to foster implementation, including joint
                 multilateral action, special implementation projects, the establishment of operating
                 agencies, the negotiation of loans or other appropriate projects;

            i)   carry out missions to States for liaison or consultation purposes on any or all of the
                 above subjects; and

            j)   provide secretariat services to regional planning and implementation groups.

1.2.5.1.2   Under the general direction of the Director, Air Transport Bureau, the regional offices:

            a)   establish and maintain close relations with the competent authorities of the national
                 administrations dealing with the regulation, economics, statistics, aviation security and
                 facilitation of international air transport;

            b)   keep States and appropriate international organizations currently informed of the
                 objectives, activities and requirements of ICAO in the air transport field;
                                                 1-7

              c)   provide services to regional civil aviation organizations in accordance with established
                   working arrangements;

              d)   keep the Air Transport Bureau continuously informed of the activities, views,
                   problems and needs of States in the air transport field and of the relevant activities of
                   other international organizations;

              e)   foster, as appropriate, the implementation of the Organization's work programme in
                   air transport matters; and

              f)   carry out missions to States for liaison or consultation purposes on any or all the above
                   subjects.

1.2.5.1.3        Under the general direction of the Director, Technical Co-operation Bureau, the
regional offices:

              a)   keep as fully informed as possible on the state of civil aviation development -
                   international and domestic - within the region of either a country or an inter-country
                   nature, identify needs for improvement in civil aviation facilities and services within
                   the region and prepare and keep up to date country briefs;

              b)   establish and maintain effective working relationships with the civil aviation
                   authorities of States in the region, consult/advise them concerning their development
                   requirements, both of a technical cooperation and investment nature, and provide them
                   with guidance on the procedures to be followed in obtaining development assistance
                   from suitable funding sources; ensure that States are aware of the Civil Aviation
                   Purchasing Service (CAPS) and its provisions;

              c)   advise and assist the Technical Co-operation Bureau on matters pertaining to the
                   development of the Technical Co-operation Programme and recommend project
                   proposals for presentation to States and to appropriate funding sources;

              d)   cooperate with technical cooperation sectoral planning missions and, if so directed or
                   approved by ICAO Headquarters, participate in such missions;

              e)   take part in country and inter-country programming exercises of UNDP and of other
                   funding sources, as well as in donor/round table conferences, if so directed or
                   approved by ICAO Headquarters;

              f)   formulate civil aviation project documentation in consultation with the civil aviation
                   authorities of States and with appropriate funding sources;

              g)   advise and consult UNDP Resident Representatives/Resident Coordinators and
                   technical cooperation missions assigned to the States of the region;

              h)   maintain information on and foster talks with the representatives of funding sources
                   within the region interested in the development of civil aviation and establish effective
                   relations with them;
                                                   1-8

                i)   assist the Technical Co-operation Bureau in the supervision, monitoring and
                     back-stopping of the Technical Co-operation Programme within the region through
                     participation in missions to States and Tripartite Reviews on on-going projects etc.;
                     and

                j)   under delegated authority from D/TCB, administer the regional fellowship component
                     on technical co-operation projects, including the award of fellowships to training
                     institutions within the region.

1.2.5.1.4       Under the general direction of the Director, Legal Bureau, the regional offices:

                a)   advise States on questions of interpretation and implementation of the Convention on
                     International Civil Aviation and other related Acts, if competent to do so; otherwise,
                     refer such matters to Headquarters;

                b)   keep Headquarters informed of significant developments in the legal field in the States
                     to which the office is accredited; and

                c)   obtain, on behalf of Headquarters, copies of current air laws and judicial decisions on
                     aeronautical matters and information on contemplated air legislation.

1.2.5.1.5        Under the general direction of the Chief, External Relations and Public Information
Office, the regional offices:

                a)   provide ICAO publicity material to the press and participate in television, radio or
                     newspaper interviews, as requested or opportune;

                b)   prepare articles for aviation periodicals and provide lectures on the objectives and
                     activities of the Organization, as necessary and convenient; and

                c)   arrange for ICAO visual or audio displays or exhibitions as required.

1.2.5.1.6      Tasks and responsibilities of a general nature are also carried out by the regional offices.
These include:

                a)   reporting on any evident need for formal or informal regional meetings, seminars or
                     workshops and assist, as may be required, in the organization and conduct of such
                     meetings or gatherings;

                b)   representing the Organization at meetings of other organizations as directed or
                     approved by Headquarters;

                c)   ensuring that the administration and operation of the office are in accordance with the
                     regulations contained in the ICAO Service Code, the ICAO Staff Rules and ICAO
                     Personnel Instructions (which are gradually replacing the General Secretariat
                     Instructions), any residual General Secretariat Instructions, the Regional Office
                     Manual and such other directives as may be promulgated from time to time; and

                d)   performing such other duties as may be assigned by the Secretary General.
                                                    1-9

1.2.6           Routine and Recurrent Tasks

1.2.6.1         Throughout the calendar year certain routine and recurrent tasks of a technical and/or
administrative nature are carried out by the regional offices. Some of these tasks are elaborated upon below:

1.2.6.2         Monthly reports

1.2.6.2.1        A monthly report is prepared separately for each month. The purpose of the monthly report
is to inform Headquarters and the other regional offices of the activities or developments that are likely to
be of significance to ICAO objectives in respect of the regular and technical co-operation programming.
The monthly report is forwarded by e-mail to Headquarters (regional.rpts@icao.int) with a copy to the
regional offices (reg.offices@icao.int).

Furthermore, a hard copy is sent to S/RTU by pouch for confirmation.

1.2.6.2.2       The report normally includes a brief summary of:

                a)    significant developments and activities on all aspects of ICAO work, including a brief
                      indication of any problems noted or encountered, any advice or assistance extended,
                      or difficulties likely to arise;

                b)    studies initiated by the office, significant developments thereon and information on
                      requests for assistance or advice received from the States;

                c)    proposals received for amendment of air navigation plans and action taken thereon
                      together with information on developments that may lead to amendments of air
                      navigation plans or the necessity for complete review of any part of such plans;

                d)    information, not otherwise available to Headquarters and the other regional offices, on
                      political or administrative events that may affect the work of the Organization; and

                e)    administrative or technical matters on which action by Headquarters or the other
                      regional offices is overdue.

1.2.6.3         Annual Report of the Council to the Assembly

1.2.6.3.1       An Annual Report of the Council on the activities of the Organization is prepared for each
calendar year. The regional offices prepare draft material for inclusion in the annual report according to the
format and contents specified by HQ for the year concerned.

1.2.6.3.2         During an Assembly year the Organization's activities during the current, i.e. Assembly year
up to an appropriate deadline, are reported upon in a supplementary report. Draft material from the regional
offices, for inclusion in that report, are requested well ahead of the deadline.
                                                     1 - 10

1.3           THE ROLE OF THE REGIONAL AFFAIRS OFFICE AT HEADQUARTERS

1.3.1              The Regional Affairs Office is responsible for maintaining a monitoring watch on the
activities of all regional offices, particularly relating to implementation of regional plans and the preparation
of implementation programmes for guidance of States to which each regional office is accredited;
coordinating the work of planning and implementation regional groups and promoting effective coordination
between global and regional planning activities related to the implementation of communications, navigation
and surveillance/air traffic management (CNS/ATM) systems; ensuring that ICAO Regional Directors are
kept fully informed of ICAO policy in all functional fields; coordinating their work with that of the various
Bureaux and offices at Headquarters; ensuring that the administrative needs of the regional offices are met
as promptly as possible; coordinating arrangements for the convening of regional meetings and overseeing
the ICAO Workshop and Seminar Programme; the provision of the necessary secretarial services to the
deliberative bodies of ICAO on matters of a regional nature, including the preparation of documentation on
regional matters which are dealt with by the Air Navigation Commission, the Council and the Assembly and
following up the recommendations and conclusions arising from consideration of those matters; servicing
the ANC Working Group on Regional Plans and the Council Standing Group on Implementation;
coordination of regional offices’ budget estimates, personnel selection, mission programmes and meeting
arrangements; monitoring the amendment of regional plans; preparation and coordination of amendments
to the Regional Office Manual.




                                             !!!!!!!!!!
   1 - 11

APPENDIX 1-A
                                                PART 2

                               AREAS OF GENERAL RESPONSIBILITY


                                Asia and Pacific Office, Bangkok (APAC)

I.   Contracting States to which accredited:

     Australia (1)                                      Mongolia
     Bangladesh (1)                                     Myanmar
     Bhutan                                             Nauru
     Brunei Darussalam                                  Nepal
     Cambodia                                           New Zealand (1)
     China (1)                                          Palau
     Cook Islands                                       Papua New Guinea
     Democratic People's Republic of Korea              Philippines
     Fiji (1)                                           Republic of Korea (1)
     India (1)                                          Samoa
     Indonesia (1)                                      Singapore (1)
     Japan (1)                                          Solomon Islands
     Kiribati                                           Sri Lanka
     Lao People's Democratic Republic                   Thailand (1)
     Malaysia (1)                                       Tonga (1)
     Maldives                                           Vanuatu
     Marshall Islands                                   Viet Nam (1)
     Micronesia (Federated States of)

II. Liaison carried out with the following:

A. Non-Contracting States:

     Tuvalu

B. Other Territories:

     Chile:               Easter Island
     France (1):          French Polynesia (Marquesas, de la Société, etc.), New Caledonia,
                          Wallis and Futuna Islands
     New Zealand:         Niue
     United States (1):   American Samoa, Guam, Johnston Island, Kingman Reef, Midway, Northern Mariana
                          Islands, Palmyra, Wake Island

C. International Organizations:

     Asian Development Bank, Manila                                 UNDP regional office, Bangkok
     ESCAP                                                          UNDP Field Offices
     IATA Singapore (2)                                             WMO RA II (Asia)
     IFALPA Regions: NOP, Asia/East, Asia/West and SOP              WMO RA V (South West Pacific)
                                                     2-2

III. TC Country Responsibilities

    As in I, with the addition of Pakistan and the exclusion of Australia, Japan and New Zealand.
    Note: Based on the regional structure and the planning of the air navigation facilities and services in the
    ASIA/PAC Region, the office is authorized to liaison with Pakistan (I) directly.


)))))))))
(1) Member State of the APANPIRG
(2) Part 2, paras 2.8.2.5 and 2.8.2.6 also refer.
                                                     2-3

                           Eastern and Southern African Office, Nairobi (ESAF)

I.   Contracting States to which accredited:

     Angola (1) (2)                                        Mozambique
     Botswana                                              Namibia
     Burundi (1)                                           Rwanda (1)
     Comoros                                               Seychelles
     Djibouti                                              Somalia (1)
     Eritrea (2)                                           South Africa (1) (2)
     Ethiopia (1)(2)                                       Swaziland (1)
     Kenya (1)(2)                                          Uganda (1) (2)
     Lesotho (1)(2)                                        United Republic of
     Madagascar (1)                                         Tanzania (1)(2)
     Malawi (1)(2)(a)                                      Zambia (1)(2)
     Mauritius                                             Zimbabwe

II. Liaison carried out with the following:

A. Non-Contracting States:

     Nil

B. Other Territories:

     France (2):          Ile de la Réunion
     United Kingdom:      British Indian Ocean Territory

C. International Organizations:

     WMO RA I (Africa)                                                 ECA
     IATA Nairobi (3)                                                  UNDP
     IFALPA Regions: AFI/Central and AFI/East                          UNDP Field Offices
     COMESA, EAC, SADC, UNEP

III. TC Country Responsibilities:

     As in I above.


)))))))))
(1) AFCAC Member State
(2) APIRG Member State
(3) Part 2, paras 2.8.2.5 and 2.8.2.6 also refer
(a) Also representing Zimbabwe
                                                 2-4

                         European and North Atlantic Office, Paris (EUR/NAT)

I.   Contracting States to which accredited:

     Albania (E)                                       Luxembourg (E)(PG)
     Algeria (1)(2)                                    Malta (E)
     Armenia (E)(PG)                                   Monaco (E)
     Austria (E)                                       Morocco (1) (2)
     Azerbaijan (PG)                                   Netherlands, (E)(PG)
     Belarus (PG)                                      Norway (E)(N)(PG)
     Belgium (E)(PG)                                   Poland (E)
     Bosnia and Herzegovina                            Portugal (E)(N)(PG)
     Bulgaria (E)                                      Republic of Moldova (E)
     Croatia (E)(PG)                                   Romania (E)
     Czech Republic (E)(PG)                            Russian Federation (PG)
     Denmark(E)(N)(PG)                                 San Marino
     Estonia (E)(PG)                                   Serbia and Montenegro
     Finland (E)(PG)                                   Slovakia (E)
     France (E)(N)(PG)(G)(2) (3)                       Slovenia (E)
     Georgia (PG)                                      Spain (E)(PG)(2)
     Germany (E)(PG)                                   Sweden (E)(PG)
     Greece (E)(PG)                                    Switzerland (E)(PG)
     Hungary (E)                                       Tajikistan (PG)
     Iceland (E)(N)                                    The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia (E)
     Ireland (E)(N)(PG)                                Tunisia (1)(2)
     Italy (E)(PG)                                     Turkey (E)(PG)
     Kazakhstan (PG)                                   Turkmenistan (PG)
     Kyrgyzstan (PG)                                   Ukraine (PG)
     Latvia (E)(PG)                                    United Kingdom (E)(N)(PG)(G)
     Lithuania (E)(PG)                                 Uzbekistan (PG)


II. Liaison carried out with the following:

A. Non-Contracting States:

     Holy See, The
     Liechtenstein

B. Other Territories:

     Portugal:          Azores, Madeira
     United Kingdom:    Gibraltar

C. International Organizations:

     IATA Geneva (4)
     IATA London (4)
     IFALPA Regions: AFI/North, EUR/North, EUR/South, NAT and Russian Federation
     WMO RA VI (Europe)
                                                           2-5

III. TC Country Responsibilities:

       All the developing countries in I above are the responsibility of the TCB Field Operations Section ! Europe
       and Middle East (FEM/TCB) at Headquarters.


)))))))))
(1)         AFCAC Member State
(2)         APIRG Member State
(3)         APANPIRG Member State
(4)         Part 2, paras 2.8.2.5 and 2.8.2.6 also refer
(E)         ECAC Member State
(N)         NAT SPG Member State
(PG)        EANPG Member State
(G)         GREPECAS Member State
                                                       2-6

                                       Middle East Office, Cairo (MID)

I.   Contracting States to which accredited:

     Afghanistan                                             Libyan Arab Jamahiriya (A)(C)
     Bahrain (1)(C)                                          Oman (1) (C)
     Cyprus (E)                                              Pakistan (3)
     Egypt (1)(2)(A)(C)                                      Qatar (C)
     Iran, Islamic Republic of (1)                           Saudi Arabia (1)(C)
     Iraq (C)                                                Sudan (A)(C)(2)
     Israel                                                  Syrian Arab Republic (C)
     Jordan (1)(C)                                           United Arab Emirates (1)(C)
     Kuwait (C)                                              Yemen (C)
     Lebanon (1)(C)

II. Liaison carried out with the following:

A. Non-Contracting States:

     Nil

B. Other Territories:

     Nil

C. International Organizations:

     ACAC
     ESCWA
     IATA Amman (4)
     IATA Nairobi (4)
     IFALPA Regions: AFI/Central, EUR/South, MID/East, MID/West and ASIA/West
     LAS
     WMO RA I (Africa)
     WMO RA II (Asia)
     WMO RA VI (Europe)

III. TC Country Responsibilities:

     Contracting States in I above, with the exception of Pakistan, are the direct responsibility of the TCB Field
     Operations Section ! Europe and Middle East (FEM/TCB) at Headquarters.


)))))))))
(1) MIDANPIRG Member State
(2) APIRG Member State
(3) APANPIRG Member State
(4) Part 2, paras 2.8.2.5 and 2.8.2.6 also refer
(A) AFCAC Member State
(C) ACAC Member State
(E) ECAC Member State
                                                 2-7

             North American, Central American and Caribbean Office, Mexico (NACC)

 I. Contracting States to which accredited:
     Antigua and Barbuda (G)(a)               Haiti
     Bahamas                                  Honduras (L)
     Barbados (G)                             Jamaica (L)
     Belize                                   Mexico (L)(G)
     Canada (N)                               Nicaragua (L)
     Costa Rica (L)(G)                        Saint Kitts and Nevis
     Cuba (L)(G)                              Saint Lucia
     Dominican Republic (G)(L)                Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
     El Salvador (L)                          Trinidad and Tobago (G)
     Grenada                                  United States (A)(G)(N)
     Guatemala (L)

II. Liaison carried out with the following:

A: Non-Contracting States:

            Dominica

B. Other Territories:

           France(G):                             French Antilles
           Netherlands:                           Aruba (L), Netherlands Antilles
           United Kingdom(G):                     Anguilla, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman
                                                  Islands, Montserrat, Turks and Caicos Islands
           United States:                         Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands

C. International Organizations:

           ACI-LAC (Airports Council International, Latin America and the Caribbean)
           AITAL (Asociación Internacional de Transporte Aéreo Latinoamericano)
           Caribbean Development Bank
           CARICOM (Caribbean Community Secretariat)
           COCESNA (Corporación Centroamericana de Servicios a la Navegación Aérea)
           IACL (Intercaribbean Aeronautical Communications Ltd)
           IAOPA (International Council of Aircraft Owner and Pilot Associations)
           IATA Miami and Montreal (International Air Transport Association) (1)
           IFALPA (International Federation of Air Line Pilots Associations)
           Regions: CAR/East, CAR/West and North America
           IFATCA (International Federation of Air Traffic Controllers’ Associations)
           MIA-DADE (Miami DADE County Aviation Department)
           NTSB (National Transportation Safety Board) (DC, MIA, DFW)
           NWS (National Weather Service)
           OECS (Organization of Eastern Caribbean States)
           PAHO (Pan American Health Organization)
           PAIGH (Pan American Institute of Geography and History)
           UNDP (United Nations Development Programme) Field Offices
           WMO RA IV (World Meteorological Organization, Regional Association IV)
                                                         2-8

III. TC Country Responsibilities:

        As in I above, except for Canada and the United States.

)))))))))

(A)     APANPIRG Member State
(G)     GREPECAS Member State
(L)     LACAC Member State
(N)     NAT SPG Member State
(1)     Part 2, paras 2.8.2.5 and 2.8.2.6 also refer.
(a)     Also representing Dominica, Grenada, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia and Saint Vincent and the
        Grenadines
                                                      2-9

                                    South American Office, Lima (SAM)

    I. Contracting States to which accredited:
        Argentina(L)(G)                                     Panama(L)(G)(a)
        Bolivia(L)(G)(b)                                    Paraguay(L)(G)(b)
        Brazil(L)(G)                                        Peru(L)(G)
        Chile(L)(G)                                         Suriname
        Colombia(L)(G)                                      Uruguay(L)(G)(b)
        Ecuador(L)(G)(a)                                    Venezuela(L)(G)
        Guyana

II. Liaison carried out with the following:

A. Non-Contracting States:

      Nil

B. Other Territories:

      France (G):             French Guiana
      United Kingdom(G):      Falkland Islands (Malvinas)*

C. International Organizations:

      WMO RA III (South America) UNDP Field Offices
      IATA Miami (1)
      IFALPA Regions: SAM/North and SAM/South

III. TC Country Responsibilities:

      As in I above.


)))))))))
(G) GREPECAS Member State
(L) LACAC Member State
(a) in rotation with Panama and Ecuador every 2 years
(b) in rotation with Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay every 2 years
(1) Part 2, paras 2.8.2 5 and 2.8.2.6 also refer.


*       A dispute exists between the government of Argentina and the government of Great Britain and Northern
        Ireland concerning the sovereignty of the Falkland Islands (Malvinas).
                                                            2 - 10

                                 Western and Central African Office, Dakar (WACAF)

  I.        Contracting States to which accredited:
            Benin (A)                                            Guinea (A)(AP)
            Burkina Faso (A)                                     Guinea-Bissau
            Cameroon (A)(AP)                                     Liberia (A)
            Cape Verde (AP)                                      Mali (A)(AP)
            Central African Republic (A)                         Mauritania (A)(AP)
            Chad (A)(AP)                                         Niger (A)(AP)
            Congo (A)(AP)                                        Nigeria (A)(AP)
            Côte d'Ivoire (A)(AP)                                Sao Tome and Principe
            Democratic Republic of the Congo                     Senegal (A)(AP)(a)
            Equatorial Guinea                                    Sierra Leone (A)
            Gabon (A)(AP)                                        Togo (A)(AP)
            Gambia (A)
            Ghana (A)(AP)

 II.        Liaison carried out with the following:

  A. Non-Contracting States:

            Nil

  B.        Other Territories:

            Spain (AP):           Canary Islands
            United Kingdom:       St. Helena (including Ascension)

  C.        International Organizations:

            WMO RA I (Africa)
            ASECNA
            ECOWAS (Economic Community of West African States)
            UEMOA (Union Economique et Monétaire Ouest Africaine)
            CEMAC (Communauté Economique et Monétaire de l’Afrique Centrale)
            IATA Nairobi (1)
            African Development Bank
            IFALPA Regions: AFI/Central and AFI/West                     UNDP Field Offices

III.        TC Country Responsibilities:

            As in I above


)))))))))
(A)         AFCAC Member State
(AP)        APIRG Member State
(a)         Also representing Gambia
(1)         Part 2, paras 2.8.2.5 and 2.8.2.6 also refer.
                                                  PART 3

                      GUIDELINES FOLLOWED BY REGIONAL OFFICERS
                             IN VARIOUS TECHNICAL FIELDS


Aerodromes and Ground Aids (AGA)

3.1            The primary function of RO/AGA is to assist States to which the regional office is accredited
in the implementation of:

                 a) the provisions related to the design and operation of aerodromes and heliports included
                    in Annex 14, Volumes I and II, respectively; and

                 b) air navigation plan requirements.

3.2              The provisions related to aerodromes cover such diverse subjects as the physical
characteristics; obstacle limitation surfaces; visual aids; secondary power supply; aerodrome emergency
planning; rescue and fire fighting; disabled aircraft removal; maintenance; bird hazard reduction; etc. On
the other hand, the provisions related to heliports cover the requirements of surface level and elevated
heliports and helidecks. The RO/AGA should have some degree of expertise in each of these complex
subjects.

3.3              The deficiencies commonly encountered at aerodromes relate to pavement width, surface
texture and bearing strength; obstacles in the approach and departure areas; visual aids to air navigation and
surface movement (surface marking and lights); secondary power supply; rescue and fire fighting, airport
emergency planning, including conducting of emergency exercises; runway friction measurement and
reporting; an airport bird control programme which has been coordinated with the surrounding communities
and maintenance of the facilities. Significant deficiencies in any of these facilities or services could affect
the safety and/or regularity of operations. The attention of the State should be drawn to any significant
deficiency and the matter should be pursued until it is removed.

Aeronautical Information Services and Map (AIS/MAP)

3.4               In many Contracting States, a number of important provisions related to the Aeronautical
Information Services and Aeronautical Charts contained in Annexes 15 and 4, respectively, Procedures for
Air Navigation Services - Abbreviations and Codes (PANS-ABC) and air navigation plan requirements
remain not implemented. This is due to the fact that a large number of States have limited resources
available to interpret and implement Standards and Recommended Practices (SARPs) and air navigation plan
requirements. In response to the need to advise States on matters pertaining to the Aeronautical Information
Services and Aeronautical Charts concerning the organization and procedures required to implement the
provisions contained in Annexes 4 and 15, PANS-ABC and air navigation plan requirements, Regional
Officers, Aeronautical Information Services and Aeronautical Charts (RO/AIS/MAP) have been assigned
to all regional offices.

3.5              The scope of the responsibilities assigned to RO/AIS/MAP should normally be confined to
matters concerning States' implementation of provisions contained in Annexes 4, 15 and PANS-ABC and
to the implementation of air navigation plan requirements for which the regional offices have follow-up
responsibility. RO/AIS/MAP should also be responsible for the explanation and interpretation to States, as
required, of the guidance material contained in the various manuals and circulars related to the provisions
of aeronautical information and chart services to international air navigation.
                                                   3-2

3.6             In addition, RO/AIS/MAP may be called upon in some States to deal with specific technical
problems which may require long term study assistance. In such cases, RO/AIS/MAP should identify the
problem and make concrete proposals for the provision of technical cooperation. The administration should
be made aware of the benefits to be gained if such assistance can be made available through ICAO. When
needed, assistance from ICAO Headquarters should also be sought.

Communications, Navigation, Surveillance (CNS)

3.7            The scope of the responsibilities assigned to RO/CNS should normally be confined to
matters concerning States' implementation of provisions contained in Annexes, PANS and to the
implementation of air navigation requirements for which the regional offices have follow-up responsibility.
The RO/CNS should also be responsible for the explanation and interpretation to States, as required, of the
guidance material contained in the various manuals and circulars related to CNS.

3.8             In addition, the RO/CNS may be called upon in some States to deal with specific technical
problems which may require long term study assistance. In such cases the RO/CNS should identify the
problems and make concrete proposals for the provision of technical cooperation. The administration should
be made aware of the benefits to be gained if such assistance can be made available through ICAO. When
needed, assistance from Headquarters should be sought.

3.9             The scope of the responsibilities assigned to RO/CNS should usually be confined to matters
concerning States' implementation of Annex provisions concerning CNS, including the following technical
areas:

                a) Aeronautical Telecommunications (Annex 10, Volumes I to V)

                b) Manual on Testing Radio Navigation Aids (Doc 8071, Volumes 1 and 2)
                   Manual of Radiotelephony (Doc 9432 - AN/925)
                   Manual on Planning and Engineering of the AFTN (Doc 8259-AN/936, Fifth Edition)
                   Manual of the Aeronautical Telecommunications Network (ATN) (Doc 9578-AN/935)
                   Manual of Technical Provision for the ATN (Doc 9705-AN/956)
                   Circular 225 - AN/134, Study on the Refinement of the Satellite Broadcast Concept
                   Circular 267 - AN/159, Guidelines for the Introduction and Operational Use of GNSS
                   Handbook on Radio Frequency Spectrum Requirements for Civil Aviation
                   (Doc 9718-AN/957)

Meteorology (MET)

3.10             The scope of the responsibilities assigned to RO/MET should normally be confined to
matters concerning States' implementation of provisions contained in Annex 3 and to the implementation of
air navigation requirements for which the regional offices have follow-up responsibility. The RO/MET
should also be responsible for the explanation and interpretation to States, as required, of the guidance
material contained in the various manuals and circulars related to the provision of meteorological services
to international air navigation.

3.11           In addition, the RO/MET may be called upon in some States to deal with specific technical
problems which may require long-term study assistance. In such cases the RO/MET should identify the
problems and make concrete proposals for the provision of technical cooperation. The administration should
be made aware of the benefits to be gained if such assistance can be made available through ICAO. When
                                                   3-3

needed, assistance from Headquarters should be sought. In this regard, it should be noted that the working
arrangements between ICAO and WMO (Doc 7475, para 6.2) indicate that technical cooperation in the field
of meteorology applied to aviation which forms an integral part of a civil aviation project will be handled
by ICAO, while such responsibility will devolve upon WMO if the assistance required forms part of a general
plan for technical cooperation in meteorology.

Flight Safety (FS)

3.12            The scope of the responsibilities assigned to RO/FS should normally be confined to matters
concerning States’ implementation of Annex and PANS provisions concerning the following technical areas:

                a) Flight Operations – (Annex 6, Parts I, II and III), (PANS-OPS, Volume I);

                b) Instrument procedures – (PANS-OPS, Volume II);

                c) Airworthiness – (Annex 8);

                d) Aircraft Registration – (Annex 7);

                e) Units of Measurement to be used in Air and Ground Operations – (Annex 5);

                f) The Safe Transportation of Dangerous Goods by Air – (Annex 18);

                g) Environmental Protection – (Annex 16);

                h) Personnel Licensing and Medical Provisions – (Annex 1); and

                i)   Accident Investigation and Prevention – (Annex 13).

3.13              The RO/FS should also be responsible for the explanation and interpretation to States, as
required, of the guidance material contained in the various manuals and circulars related to the technical
areas listed in 3.12 above.

Air Traffic Management (ATM)

3.14           The scope of the responsibilities assigned to RO/ATM should normally be confined to
matters concerning States' implementation of provisions contained in Annexes, PANS and to the
implementation of air navigation requirements for which the regional offices have follow-up responsibility.
The RO/ATM should also be responsible for the explanation and interpretation to States, as required, of the
guidance material contained in the various manuals and circulars related to ATM.

3.15            In addition, the RO/ATM may be called upon in some States to deal with specific technical
problems which may require long-term study assistance. In such cases the RO/ATM should identify the
problems and make concrete proposals for the provision of technical cooperation. The administration should
be made aware of the benefits to be gained if such assistance can be made available through ICAO. When
needed, assistance from Headquarters should be sought.
                                                  3-4

3.16             The scope of responsibility assigned to RO/ATM should usually be confined to matters
concerning States' implementation of Annexes, PANS and manual provisions concerning the following
technical areas:

                   a) Rules of the Air (Annex 2);

                   b) Air Traffic Services (Annex 11);

                   c) PANS-RAC (Doc 4444);

                   d) Air Traffic Services Manual (Doc 9426);

                   e) Manual of Radiotelephony (Doc 9432);

                   f) Manual concerning Interception of Civil Aircraft (Doc 9433);

                   g) Manual concerning Safety Measures Relating to Military Activities Potentially
                      Hazardous to Civil Aircraft (Doc 9554);

                   h) Manual on Implementation of 300 m (1 000 ft) Vertical Separation Minimum (VSM)
                      between FL 290 and FL 410 inclusive (Doc 9574);

                   i)   Global Air Navigation Plan for CNS/ATM Systems, Volumes I and II (Doc 9750);

                   j)   Manual on Airspace Planning Methodology for the Determination of Separation
                        Minima (Doc 9689);

                   k) Manual of Air Traffic Services Data Link Applications (Doc 9694);

                   l)   International Aeronautical and Maritime Search and Rescue (Doc 9731); and
                        Volume I – Organization and Management
                        Volume II – Mission Coordination
                        Volume III – Mobile Facilities

                   m) Manual on Required Navigation Performance (RNP) (Doc 9613).




                                        --------------------------
                                                                       PART 4


                                Specific Activities of Regional Offices in the
                               Air Navigation, Air Transport, Aviation Security
                                     and Technical Cooperation Fields
Legend:       AGA         =   aerodromes, air routes and ground aids                 MET         =   meteorology
              AIG         =   accident investigation and prevention                  OPS/AIR     =   operations/airworthiness
              AIS/MAP     =   aeronautical information and charts                    PEL/TRG     =   personnel licensing and training
              AT          =   air transport                                          SO          =   safety oversight
              ATM         =   air traffic management                                 TC          =   technical cooperation
              AVSEC       =   aviation security                                      MULTI       =   multidisciplinary activities
              CNS         =   communications, navigation and surveillance




                                                                                                             PEL/TRG
                                                                                                             AIS/MAP




                                                                                                             OPS/AIR
                                                                                                             AVSEC




                                                                                                             MULTI
                                                                                                       AGA




                                                                                                             ATM



                                                                                                             MET
                                                                                                             CNS
                                                                                                             AIG




                                                                                                             SO
 SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES




                                                                                                             AT




                                                                                                             TC
 The Asia/Pacific Office:
 implemented RVSM in the airspace of the Bay of Bengal and beyond on 27 November
 2003;                                                                                                                  X                   X
 serviced the fourteenth meeting of APANPIRG;                                                          X
 advised and assisted States with bird strike problems;                                                X
 conducted a workshop on airport emergency planning;                                                   X
 developed amendments to the ASIA/PAC Basic ANP and FASID;                                             X                X       X X
 provided guidance and assistance on air transport regulatory policy, the facilitation of
 international air transport, and cost recovery for the provision of airport and route facilities;                  X
 coordinated with States to secure support for establishing a Cooperative Aviation Security
 Programme (CASP) – South East Asia, CASP – South Asia and CASP – North Asia;                                                           X
 advised States on the adoption by ICAO of a new global blueprint for machine readable
 travel documents;                                                                                                  X
 prepared a chapter on air transport for inclusion in the Economic and Social Commission
 for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), Review of Developments in Transport in the ESCAP
 Region;                                                                                                            X
 advised and assisted States with respect to the further development of CNS/ATM systems;                                X       X
 provided support to the ICAO technical cooperation project in Afghanistan for the
 normalization and restructuring of civil aviation operations;                                                          X       X       X X
 provided support to the ICAO technical cooperation project in Thailand for the transfer of
 operations from Don Mueang/Bangkok International Airport to the new Suvarnabhumi
 International Airport;                                                                                                                 X X
 developed the draft ASIA/PAC Supplement to the Uniform Methodology for the
 identification, assessment and reporting of air navigation deficiencies;                              X
 developed amendments to the Regional Supplementary Procedures (Doc 7030);                                              X
 advised and assisted States in relation to SSR code assignment, contingency planning,
 allocation of designators for ATS routes and significant points, FIR boundary realignments,
 and reduction in separation minima;                                                                                    X
                                                                     4–2




                                                                                                    PEL/TRG
                                                                                                    AIS/MAP




                                                                                                    OPS/AIR
                                                                                                    AVSEC




                                                                                                    MULTI
                                                                                              AGA




                                                                                                    ATM



                                                                                                    MET
                                                                                                    CNS
                                                                                                    AIG




                                                                                                    SO
SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES




                                                                                                    AT




                                                                                                    TC
coordinated discussions for further development of cross-polar ATS routes connecting
Hong Kong and Beijing with the West Coast of the United States via the North Pole;                      X
coordinated with States and international organizations further development of the
contingency routing plan for Asia, the Middle East and Europe;                                          X
continued efforts aimed at facilitating coordinated activity on a regional basis to improve
the level of SAR response throughout the Region;                                                        X
supported an AVSEC management course, an aviation security crisis management course,
an air cargo security course and two AVSEC instructors’ courses, which were held at the
AVSEC training facility in Penang;                                                                          X
supported the ICAO Universal Security Audit Programme;                                                      X
coordinated with States to provide reports on acts of unlawful interference with civil
aviation;                                                                                                   X
assisted States in radio frequency management;                                                                  X
participated at the Asia Pacific Telecommunity (APT) Conference Preparatory Group
Meeting and secured support for the ICAO position at the ITU WRC-2003;                                          X
developed guidance material and a planning document to assist States in the
implementation of the ground-to-ground element of the aeronautical telecommunication
network (ATN);                                                                                                  X
updated the strategies for implementation of the global navigation satellite system (GNSS);                     X
participated in ESCAP meetings relating to the introduction of information and
communications technologies;                                                                                    X
carried out a survey on States’ plans for upgrading their WAFS receiving and data
processing systems in order to meet the target date for the final transition to GRIB and
BUFR-coded WAFS products and, based on this, provided assistance and advice to
States;                                                                                                             X
reviewed the requirements for regional and interregional OPMET exchange and the
operation of the designated regional OPMET data banks, and updated the ROBEX
Handbook accordingly;                                                                                               X
conducted a SIP on the implementation of the international airways volcano watch (IAVW)
operational procedures, in particular, the procedures for issuance of volcanic ash
SIGMETs;                                                                                                            X
coordinated and assisted in the implementation of the ICAO tropical cyclone advisories for
aviation by the designated Tropical Cyclone Advisory Centres (TCAC) in coordination with
the World Meteorological Organization (WMO);                                                                        X
published a new version of the ASIA/PAC Regional SIGMET Guide, which was sent to all
States in the Region;                                                                                               X
serviced the meetings of the South East Asia Regional Aviation Safety Team (SEARAST)
and the South Asia Regional Aviation Safety Team (SARAST);                                                              X
prepared a regional workshop on accident and incident investigation and crisis
management;                                                                                         X
assisted in the preparation and conduct of a seminar on runway safety and ATM safety
management systems;                                                                                                     X
                                                                     4–3




                                                                                                   PEL/TRG
                                                                                                   AIS/MAP




                                                                                                   OPS/AIR
                                                                                                   AVSEC




                                                                                                   MULTI
                                                                                             AGA




                                                                                                   ATM



                                                                                                   MET
                                                                                                   CNS
                                                                                                   AIG




                                                                                                   SO
SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES




                                                                                                   AT




                                                                                                   TC
assisted with the audit of the ASIA/PAC States under the ICAO Universal Safety Oversight
Audit Programme (USOAP);                                                                                             X
assisted in identifying the technical cooperation requirements of States in the Region;                                  X X
briefed and debriefed 19 experts, thus facilitating the success of technical cooperation
projects and their follow-up;                                                                                            X X
provided back-up and monitoring assistance to 5 UNDP/ICAO country programme projects,
12 trust fund projects, 9 management service agreements (MSAs) and 2 civil aviation
purchasing service (CAPS) projects involving 16 States in the Region;                                                    X X
provided guidance to States regarding responsibilities for safety oversight and filing of
differences to ICAO SARPs.                                                                                       X
The Eastern and Southern African Office:
followed up with States in the Region on the development of amendments to the Annexes
to the Convention;                                                                           X     X X X X X X
continued to foster the implementation of the provisions of Annex 14 and to provide advice
to the ESAF States in resolving specific AGA problems;                                       X
conducted a workshop on aerodrome certification following an APIRG recommendation;           X
coordinated the presentation to SADC member States of a proposal for the COSCAP-
SADC project as a regional approach to the removal of deficiencies in safety oversight;      X                           X
held discussions and provided technical advice to EAC partner States on a proposal for the
COSCAP-EAC project as a subregional approach to the removal of deficiencies in safety
oversight;                                                                                   X                           X
held discussions and provided technical advice to partner States for the development and
conclusion of a management services agreement for the EAC Civil Aviation Safety Project;     X                           X
provided technical advice to the Civil Aviation Authority of Ethiopia on the effects of a
proposed sewage plant on bird hazards at Addis Ababa International Airport;                  X
coordinated with D/LEB in promoting legal instruments including rights in mobile equipment
and aircraft;                                                                                       X
urged States to allocate 5-letter name code designators for ATS route intersection points;              X
assisted States in the development of ATS contingency plans;                                            X
encouraged States to establish appropriate civil/military coordination bodies;                          X
encouraged States to establish SAR legislation;                                                         X
coordinated the development in States of procedures for the carriage and operation of SSR
transponders and ACAS, as well as the early introduction of GNSS;                                       X   X
assisted States in radio frequency management;                                                              X
coordinated with regional organizations for the promotion of the ICAO position at the
ITU WRC-2003;                                                                                               X
provided input to the East African Community joint FAL bi-annual meeting, concerning
ICAO`s blueprint for machine readable travel documents enhanced with biometric
identifiers, and advance passenger information;                                                     X
coordinated activities between Headquarters, ESAF States and Mauritius for the convening
of the Fifth AVSEC/FAL seminar in Mauritius;                                                        X
                                                                       4–4




                                                                                                          PEL/TRG
                                                                                                          AIS/MAP




                                                                                                          OPS/AIR
                                                                                                          AVSEC




                                                                                                          MULTI
                                                                                                    AGA




                                                                                                          ATM



                                                                                                          MET
                                                                                                          CNS
                                                                                                          AIG




                                                                                                          SO
SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES




                                                                                                          AT




                                                                                                          TC
coordinated, under the auspices of the Regional Office and national training centres, the
AVSEC training activity for the ESAF Region;                                                                      X
coordinated the Universal AVSEC Audit Programme and conducted the first audit in
Uganda and additional audits in the Region;                                                                       X
encouraged States that have not yet implemented cost recovery for aeronautical
meteorological services to initiate discussions with stakeholders with a view to introducing
changes for the sector;                                                                                                   X
assisted in conducting the first meeting of the AFI Meteorology Task Force for the
CNS/ATM Planning Systems;                                                                                                 X
participated in the WMO tropical cyclone meeting for the South West Indian Ocean Basin
and provided advice on the implementation of tropical cyclone advisories for aviation;                                    X
assisted in the conduct of a workshop on workstation operation and display of WAFS
products using GRIB and BUFR codes.                                                                                       X
The European and North Atlantic Office:
continued efforts to hand over the management of various activities to the Department of
Civil Aviation of Bosnia and Herzegovina;                                                           X     X X X X X X X X             X
provided significant support to the international effort aimed at the rehabilitation of the civil
aviation authorities in Bosnia and Herzegovina;                                                                                       X
coordinated with those involved in the regional planning process and provided the
necessary interface between the ECAC/EUROCONTROL areas of coverage, as well as
those parts of the EUR Region not covered by ECAC/EUROCONTROL programmes;                           X     X   X       X X     X       X
provided advice and assistance to the UN Interim Administration in Kosovo (UNMIK);                                                    X
continued to review provisions for meteorological data for aerodrome operations and
started to develop a strategy for the MET component of the CNS/ATM concept for the EUR
Region in cooperation with other relevant ICAO bodies and EUROCONTROL;                              X         X           X
continued efforts to develop procedures that would safely increase airport capacity;                X
monitored developments in ongoing work in the AIS field;                                                  X
coordinated with regional organizations for the promotion of the ICAO position at the
ITU WRC-2003;                                                                                                         X
devoted a significant amount of time to planning for the implementation of CNS/ATM
systems in the context of the NAT SPG;                                                                        X       X
monitored developments in the application of satellite technology;                                            X       X
in cooperation with Belarus, Bulgaria, Finland, Latvia, EUROCONTROL and IATA,
continued to address ATM training needs in the eastern part of the ICAO EUR Region;                           X                   X
thoroughly reviewed the air traffic situation during the peak travel season and initiated
preparatory arrangements for the next peak season;                                                            X
continued to provide a wide range of AVSEC training courses for States at the regional and
subregional AVSEC training facilities in Brussels, Casablanca, Kiev and Moscow;                                   X
contributed to a collective effort by ECAC and the governments of Belgium, Morocco, the
Russian Federation and Ukraine to directly impact on the ability of States in the Region to
effectively implement aviation security preventive and management measures by virtue of
the quality of the training offered;                                                                              X           X
                                                                      4–5




                                                                                                         PEL/TRG
                                                                                                         AIS/MAP




                                                                                                         OPS/AIR
                                                                                                         AVSEC




                                                                                                         MULTI
                                                                                                   AGA




                                                                                                         ATM



                                                                                                         MET
                                                                                                         CNS
                                                                                                         AIG




                                                                                                         SO
SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES




                                                                                                         AT




                                                                                                         TC
continued to promote, through discussions with civil aviation officials, the mechanism for
financial, technical and material assistance to States with regard to aviation security, as a
means of providing AVSEC assistance to States;                                                                       X           X
continued with preparations for the expansion of 8.33 kHz channel spacing;                                               X
became more involved in the ICAO USOAP and provided considerable assistance to audit
missions, especially to States in the eastern part of the Region;                                                            X
in close cooperation with the Commission of the European Communities (CEC),
EUROCONTROL, the Office of the High Representative (OHR), and Stabilization Forces
(SFOR), assisted Bosnia and Herzegovina to establish the most efficient civil aviation
administration structure to respond effectively to the responsibility emanating from its
adherence to the Convention on International Civil Aviation (Chicago, 1944);                                                     X
conducted a regional seminar to assist States in their preparations for the Eleventh ICAO
Air Navigation Conference;                                                                                                           X
conducted a series of meetings to assist States in airspace capacity planning for the
Athens Olympic Games, which included significant improvements to airspace organization
over the Aegean Sea.                                                                                             X
The Middle East Office:
established a European Middle-East Regional Coordination Mechanism on Air Traffic
Management (EMAC) to coordinate implementation of air traffic systems in European
States (EUROCONTROL), Cyprus, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria;                                                  X
continued follow-up and coordination with States on the full implementation of WGS-84;                   X

reviewed and updated the draft version of the MID Basic ANP and FASID which were
submitted to Headquarters for approval and publication in accordance with established
procedures;                                                                                        X     X X X           X           X

monitored developments in ongoing work in the AIS field and rendered assistance and
advice to MID States on particular AIS/MAP issues (quality systems, AIS automation,
geoid undulation, etc) ;                                                                                 X

followed up with MID States on the implementation of GNSS as a supplemental means of
navigation;                                                                                              X               X
assisted States and ACAC in developing a multilateral mechanism for the implementation
of the Arab Air Transport Liberalization Policy ;                                                            X
coordinated and serviced an aviation statistics workshop, a traffic forecasting and
economic planning workshop and an air transport regulatory policy seminar;                                   X
coordinated with States, adjacent Regions and Headquarters for the elaboration of the
Contingency Route Network Asia to Middle East and Europe (CRAME);                                                X
in coordination with the military authorities, coordinated the elaboration of a strategy for the
implementation of RNP/RNAV areas in the MID Region with a view to making maximum
flexible use of airspace;                                                                                        X

reviewed the terms of reference of the Middle East Central Monitoring Agency (MECMA) to
include safety assessments for RNP/RNAV implementation in the MID Region;                                        X

reviewed the terms of reference of the ATS Incident Analysis Task Force and developed a
methodology for prompting reports on ATS incidents likely to have an impact on the safety
of air navigation in the Region;                                                                                 X
                                                                   4–6




                                                                                                    PEL/TRG
                                                                                                    AIS/MAP




                                                                                                    OPS/AIR
                                                                                                    AVSEC




                                                                                                    MULTI
                                                                                              AGA




                                                                                                    ATM



                                                                                                    MET
                                                                                                    CNS
                                                                                                    AIG




                                                                                                    SO
SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES




                                                                                                    AT




                                                                                                    TC
contributed to the development of procedures for the handling of uncoordinated flights over
the Red Sea;                                                                                              X

developed amendments to the Regional Supplementary Procedures (Doc 7030);                                 X

within the framework of the RVSM Task Force, developed guidance material and
procedures for ATC and operations/airworthiness and coordinated the planning for the safe
implementation of RVSM in the MID Region on 27 November 2003;                                             X

pursued efforts to eliminate deficiencies in the ATM and SAR fields and advised States on
the urgent need to take corrective measures;                                                              X

organized seminars/workshops to address civil/military coordination, provision of search
and rescue services, runway incursions, and establishment of ATS safety management
programmes;                                                                                               X

conducted and serviced a joint ICAO/ACI workshop on certification of aerodromes, and
aerodrome safety management;                                                                  X

provided guidance to States on aerodrome operational safety aspects and implementation
of ICAO SARPs;                                                                                X

invited States to consider appropriate actions and measures in planning operational
requirements for new larger aeroplanes at intended aerodromes;                                X
coordinated with regional organizations for the promotion of the ICAO position at the
ITU WRC-2003;                                                                                                 X

updated and provided advice to MID States on the identified safety deficiencies in the air
navigation field for urgent remedial action;                                                  X     X     X   X X

assisted in conducting a regional familiarization course for candidates from some MID
                                                                                              X
States;

contributed to a World Bank mission on preparations for the forthcoming development
                                                                                              X
projects at Cairo Airport;

carried out a technical AVSEC evaluation during a mission to Yemen;                                           X
followed up on the protection of aeronautical radio frequencies;                                              X
continued to develop the MID OPMET update procedure;                                                          X X
continued efforts to develop a MID aeronautical radio frequency list;                                         X
followed up on the MID VSAT project and carried out site visits;                                              X
provided services and information concerning technical cooperation activities;                                            X
coordinated with MID States and the TRAINAIR Central Unit concerning the TRAINAIR
Programme to improve safety and efficiency of air transport through high standards of
training by developing civil aviation training centres.                                                                   X
The North American, Central American and Caribbean Office:
serviced meetings of the Directors of Civil Aviation of the Central Caribbean, Eastern
Caribbean and Central American States;                                                        X         X X X X X X   X       X
conducted the ICAO/U.S. airport certification workshops held in Miami, United States, for
English- and Spanish-speaking States;                                                         X
                                                                   4–7




                                                                                                  PEL/TRG
                                                                                                  AIS/MAP




                                                                                                  OPS/AIR
                                                                                                  AVSEC




                                                                                                  MULTI
                                                                                            AGA




                                                                                                  ATM



                                                                                                  MET
                                                                                                  CNS
                                                                                                  AIG




                                                                                                  SO
SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES




                                                                                                  AT




                                                                                                  TC
participated in the ACI-LAC safety at airports conference held in Curaçao, Netherlands
Antilles;                                                                                   X
developed a regional AIS/MAP quality assurance manual;                                            X
promoted the complete implementation of WGS-84, the development of the integrated
automated AIS system and the need to implement a quality assurance system for AIS
services in the CAR States;                                                                       X
encouraged and assisted CAR States with the effective production and publication of their
national AIP and integrated documents;                                                            X
assisted in planning for the implementation of CNS/ATM in Central America and the
Central and Eastern Caribbean States;                                                                 X   X           X
followed up and provided advice to States on air navigation deficiencies;                   X     X   X   X X
supported the arrangements and coordination activities for the CAR/SAM RNAV route RNP
and RVSM trials and demonstrations;                                                                   X
encouraged States, territories and international organizations to establish a uniform
application of 10-minute/80-NM RNAV minimum longitudinal separation in the CAR Region
according to the ATM evolution described in the CAR/SAM FASID;                                        X
followed up with States and IATA on ATS incidents;                                                    X
made efforts to obtain the pending signatures for the Eastern Caribbean SAR Agreement
and to establish a regional data bank for mass casualty incidents (MCI);                    X         X
carried out a SIP to assist the Central American States and COCESNA with
implementation of their ATS quality assurance programme;                                              X
coordinated with regional organizations for the promotion of the ICAO position at the
ITU WRC-2003;                                                                                             X
followed up on the implementation and improvement of AFS circuits and AMS coverage;                       X
outlined an ATN transition plan to cover planning and implementation;                                     X
provided guidance and assistance to States on the interconnection of regional digital
networks;                                                                                                 X
followed up on the regional GNSS augmentation trials;                                                     X
followed up and provided assistance on the coordination and regional preparation for the
protection of civil aviation frequencies;                                                                 X
followed up and provided assistance on radar data sharing;                                                X
supported the arrangement and coordination activities for the procurement of the WAFS
work stations in the CAR Region;                                                                              X
acted on observed inadequacies in the provision of SIGMET information, specifically in
relation to the tropical cyclone and volcanic warning systems;                                                X
coordinated activities regarding implementation and improvement of the ICAO IAVW as a
result of volcanic eruptions in the Region;                                                                   X
prepared a presentation and lecture on ICAO and its role in accident prevention for
presentation at the X Diplomado en Medicina de Aviación, Mexico;                                                  X
conducted an ICAO dangerous goods seminar/workshop in Kingston, Jamaica;                                          X
                                                                     4–8




                                                                                                       PEL/TRG
                                                                                                       AIS/MAP




                                                                                                       OPS/AIR
                                                                                                       AVSEC




                                                                                                       MULTI
                                                                                                 AGA




                                                                                                       ATM



                                                                                                       MET
                                                                                                       CNS
                                                                                                       AIG




                                                                                                       SO
SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES




                                                                                                       AT




                                                                                                       TC
participated in the PAAST/5 and PAAST/6 Steering Committee Meetings held in the NACC
Regional Office.                                                                                           X       X
The South American Office:
provided advice and assistance to the SAM States on national bird strike committees;             X
provided assistance to States regarding the development of airport emergency planning;           X
provided advice and assistance to the SAM States on aerodrome certification and
aerodrome inspectors;                                                                            X
provided a consultancy under a 12-year formal agreement to the Lima Airport Partners on
Aerodrome Infrastructure;                                                                        X
provided a consultancy under a formal agreement to Servicios de Aeropuertos Bolivianos
Sociedad Anóónima (SABSA) for the El Alto International Airport, La Paz, Bolivia;                X
developed specific activities to promote the implementation of AIS/MAP requirements in
the SAM Region;                                                                                        X
carried out specific activities to support States in the effective implementation of WGS-84;           X                   X
developed and implemented a regional AIS/MAP quality assurance manual;                                 X
developed amendments to the CAR/SAM Basic ANP and FASID;                                                   X
advised and assisted SAM States in relation to contingency planning;                                       X
advised and assisted SAM States in relation to flexible use of airspace, and civil and
military coordination;                                                                                     X
advised and assisted SAM States regarding the improvement of SAR services;                                 X
evaluated deficiencies and followed up on programmes on the investigation and prevention
of ATS incidents;                                                                                          X
assisted States concerned and CARSAMMA Regional Monitoring Agency with the review
and adoption of the updated action plan for RNP 10 pre-operational implementation in the
Santiago de Chile-Lima segment of parallel routes UL 780 and UL 302;                                       X
assisted States to overcome the deficiencies in the ATS services through the
implementation of ATS safety management and quality assurance programmes;                                  X
implemented 11 new RNAV routes connecting South American, North American, Central
American and Caribbean city-pairs;                                                                         X
continued to assist SAM States to execute the RVSM implementation programme task for
2003 and coordinated the necessary activities;                                                             X
continued to assist the civil aviation training centres of the SAM Region in the preparation
of courses based on the TRAINAIR methodology taking into consideration new technology
and training at a distance;                                                                                            X   X
assisted, coordinated and participated in bilateral/multilateral meetings to update letters of
agreement on ATM/SAR matters of common interest to States concerned;                                       X
advised and assisted SAM States with respect to the development of CNS/ATM systems;                        X   X
coordinated solutions for communications problems in the SAM Region and at the
boundary between the SAM and CAR Regions;                                                                      X
                                                                    4–9




                                                                                                     PEL/TRG
                                                                                                     AIS/MAP




                                                                                                     OPS/AIR
                                                                                                     AVSEC




                                                                                                     MULTI
                                                                                               AGA




                                                                                                     ATM



                                                                                                     MET
                                                                                                     CNS
                                                                                                     AIG




                                                                                                     SO
SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES




                                                                                                     AT




                                                                                                     TC
assisted with the planning of new radio navigation aids as well as with the selection of
suitable frequencies for aeronautical mobile services and radio navigation services, new
facilities and other matters related to the application of Annex 10 SARPs;                                   X
performed activities contemplated in the RLA/98/019 technical cooperation project for the
South American Digital Network (REDDIG) implementation;                                                      X
advised States concerning the ICAO position at the ITU WRC-2003;                                             X
assisted in the management of the RLA/00/009 project to conduct a regional GNSS
augmentation test;                                                                                           X
analysed the implementation of radar data interchange;                                                       X
prepared a draft of the sixth edition of the Guide for Preparation, Dissemination and Use of
SIGMET Information;                                                                                              X
updated and distributed the list of ATS/MET reporting points in the CAR/SAM Regions;                             X
prepared ICAO technical cooperation project proposals or revisions covering assistance for
the updating of aeronautical standards and regulations, the implementation of air
navigation facilities and services, the development of aeronautical training and the
updating of the safety oversight capabilities.                                                                       X X
The Western and Central African Office:
gave practical advice on the design, construction and maintenance of aerodromes at which
rehabilitation work was planned in order to allow good coordination and smooth
development of the airport infrastructures;                                                    X
participated in the seventh meeting of the Western and Central African Airports Operators
in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso;                                                                  X
organized and conducted the fourth WACAF workshop on rescue and fire fighting at
aerodromes, in Accra, Ghana;                                                                   X
assisted States in improving their AIS/MAP services especially in the AIS automation field;    X     X
provided guidance to States in the publication of their AIPs in the new ICAO format;                 X   X                 X
assisted States in WGS-84 coordinates implementation;                                                X
held an informal meeting and coordinated with WACAF, Maghreb States, ASECNA and
IATA for monitoring the smooth implementation of Haj 2004 procedures, which become
applicable on 25 December 2003 and end on 14 April 2004, as developed by the WACAF
office;                                                                                              X X X
coordinated and harmonized the implementation of CNS/ATM systems pursuant to the
APIRG/14 Meeting;                                                                                        X   X
assisted in the evaluation of the 10-minute longitudinal separation minima implemented in
certain areas of the Region;                                                                             X   X             X
continued appropriate follow-up actions pertaining to the elimination of air navigation
deficiencies in the Region;                                                                    X     X X X X X X X   X
continued compilation of 5-letter name codes allocated to States in the WACAF Region for
identification of significant points not marked by the site of a radio navigation aid;                   X
continued to coordinate and assist States in the implementation of approved special
in-flight contingency procedures;                                                                        X
                                                                     4 – 10




                                                                                                   PEL/TRG
                                                                                                   AIS/MAP




                                                                                                   OPS/AIR
                                                                                                   AVSEC




                                                                                                   MULTI
                                                                                             AGA




                                                                                                   ATM



                                                                                                   MET
                                                                                                   CNS
                                                                                                   AIG




                                                                                                   SO
SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES




                                                                                                   AT




                                                                                                   TC
followed up with States on the uniform application of ATS proficiency assessments and
standard auditing procedures;                                                                           X
coordinated the participation of 28 States in 20 aviation security training activities
conducted in Dakar under the AVSEC mechanism;                                                               X
assisted Gabon in the conduct of a national workshop aimed at drafting an emergency plan
for Libreville airport;                                                                      X              X
coordinated with Headquarters, Cape Verde, Gambia, Guinea and Senegal for the USOAP
audit missions conducted in those States;                                                                   X
continued to monitor the performance of the aeronautical satellite telecommunication
network for Central and Western Africa (AFISNET), to encourage its expansion into
neighbouring States and modification for migration to ATN;                                              X       X
organized a ministerial coordination meeting on Roberts FIR operations in Dakar;                            X       X
monitored the implementation of an EGNOS test bed RIMS by ASECNA and took part in
the coordination of the AFI GNSS test bed in Central Africa conducted by ASECNA in
cooperation with the European Space Agency;                                                                     X
continued coordination of assignment of three-letter designators and telephony designators
to aircraft operating agencies in the WACAF Region;                                                             X
continued to promote and monitor the extension of VHF radio coverage within the region
supported by satellite technology;                                                                              X
facilitated coordination between States/organizations and the International
Telecommunications Satellite Organization (INTELSAT) for the planning of an integrated
regional VSAT network as called for by APIRG/14;                                                                X
facilitated a ministerial meeting between Cape Verde and Senegal in view of the extension
of Dakar Oceanic VHF coverage using a remote station located in Santiago Island, as
recommended by the SAT Group;                                                                                   X
continued to monitor the implementation and expansion of CAFSAT network nodes in SAT
States (Morocco and South Africa);                                                                              X
promoted and advised States on the ICAO position at the ITU WRC-2003;                                           X
continued coordination of VHF frequency assignment based on regionally agreed
geographical criteria;                                                                                          X
provided assistance to 14 States in the exchange of OPMET messages;                                                 X
assisted 14 States with training on the use of GRIB and BUFR codes;                                                 X
continued to foster MET data exchanges on the AFI meteorological bulletins exchange
(AMBEX) scheme;                                                                                                     X
coordinated with PEL/TRG on TRAINAIR activities in the Region;                                                          X X

assisted AFCAC in the organization and conduct of a regional conference and States in
developing a regional air transport policy on the liberalization of African air transport.          X




                                                       _____________________________
                                                                       PART 5


                            Activities to be Pursued by Regional Offices in the
                            Air Navigation, Air Transport, Aviation Security and
                                        Technical Cooperation Fields
Legend:       AGA       =    aerodromes, air routes and ground aids                 MET            =   meteorology
              AIG       =    accident investigation and prevention                  OPS/AIR        =   operations/airworthiness
              AIS/MAP   =    aeronautical information and charts                    PEL/TRG        =   personnel licensing and training
              AT        =    air transport                                          SO             =   safety oversight
              ATM       =    air traffic management                                 TC             =   technical cooperation
              AVSEC     =    aviation security                                      MULTI          =   multidisciplinary activities
              CNS       =    communications, navigation and surveillance




                                                                                                         PEL/TRG
                                                                                                         AIS/MAP




                                                                                                         OPS/AIR
                                                                                                         AVSEC




                                                                                                         MULTI
                                                                                                         AGA




                                                                                                         ATM



                                                                                                         MET
                                                                                                         CNS
                                                                                                         AIG




                                                                                                         SO
 SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES TO BE ADDRESSED




                                                                                                         AT




                                                                                                         TC
 update the Basic ANP and FASID and Doc 7030;                                                             X       X       X       X X X           X X
 improve States’ compliance with SARPs;                                                                   X X X X X X X X X X X X X
 identify and correct air navigation system deficiencies;                                                 X       X       X X X X X X X X X
 strengthen the degree of autonomy given to the regional planning process while ensuring                                                              X
 adequate coordination at the global level;
 establish and maintain a close working relationship between the Regional Offices and                                                                 X
 subregional organizations;
 conclude a regional agreement for the implementation of multinational facilities and services;                                                       X
 support the training efforts of States with special needs;                                                                                           X
 provide assistance to States on the follow-up of ICAO USOAP audit missions;                              X               X                   X       X
 progress preparatory work on the legislation and regulatory framework required for the                   X                                   X       X
 certification of aerodromes in preparation for the expansion of the safety oversight programme
 to Annex 14;
 enhance the capability of airports to handle emergency situations through the development and            X               X
 maintenance of airport emergency planning;
 coordinate with other international organizations such as the Airports Council International to          X
 promote proper implementation of airport safety management systems and certification of
 aerodromes;
 enhance ground handling safety at airports;                                                              X
 promote airport environmental protection and land-use control;                                           X
 promote the safety of aircraft operations on the movement area;                                          X                               X
 conduct risk assessment surveys on bird strike hazards on, or in the vicinity of, airports and           X
 apply adequate means to reduce bird hazards;
 encourage the provision of corresponding rescue equipment at airports located close to large             X
 bodies of water;
 follow up on the introduction of new larger aeroplanes (NLAs) and assist States as necessary;            X
 promote adequate airfield maintenance programmes;                                                        X
 standardize the nomenclature for aerodrome abbreviations and their location indicators;                  X       X
 implement all requirements concerning the production and publication of national AIPs                    X       X       X       X X
 according to the restructured contents and general specifications;
 address the problem of aeronautical information inconsistencies, including developing and                        X       X                       X
                                                                        5–2




                                                                                                     PEL/TRG
                                                                                                     AIS/MAP




                                                                                                     OPS/AIR
                                                                                                     AVSEC




                                                                                                     MULTI
                                                                                                     AGA




                                                                                                     ATM



                                                                                                     MET
                                                                                                     CNS
                                                                                                     AIG




                                                                                                     SO
SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES TO BE ADDRESSED




                                                                                                     AT




                                                                                                     TC
implementing regional AIS automation plans;
set up and implement a centralized database to manage the allocation of ATS route designators         X       X
and ensure interregional cooperation using existing databases;
continue studies to find a long-term solution to the shortage of ATS route designators;               X       X
continue development of a regional AIS/MAP quality assurance manual;                                  X
achieve the full and effective implementation of WGS-84 including development of geographical         X                   X
information systems (GIS) and database systems;
further promote the implementation of ICAO requirements in the AIS/MAP field and the                  X
improvement of aeronautical information services;
carry out relevant studies to promote the implementation of terrain digital modelling systems         X
(TDMS), as a means of electronic support for the adequate and precise preparation of required
aeronautical charts, such as aerodrome obstacle charts, approach, departure and arrival
instruments charts;
develop business cases for the elimination of deficiencies in the implementation of CNS/ATM               X X         X
systems;
conduct further work on the economic, legal, institutional and human resource aspects of                                      X
CNS/ATM systems implementation;
improve facilitation and aviation security in view of new resolutions adopted by the 33rd Session         X       X
of the ICAO Assembly;
develop traffic forecasts for major traffic flows;                                                        X
support aviation security training programmes, provide information to States on aviation security         X       X
courses, seminars and workshops and encourage States to increase their participation in
aviation security courses, seminars and workshops;
enhance coordination among States and international organizations in relation to civil                    X
aviation/air transport databases;
address the lack of capital for infrastructures and for the development of facilities in air              X
transport;
assist in follow-up activities arising from the Fifth ICAO Worldwide Air Transport Conference;            X
assist in a study on the economic contribution of civil aviation;                                         X
implement and monitor the activities of States and their subregional organizations in the field of        X
air transport economics;
disseminate policy guidance on ICAO regulatory policy matters and promote the use of ICAO’s               X
Template Air Services Agreements;
encourage and assist Sates and their regional planning groups to pursue joint financing                   X
initiatives to support the continued development of CNS/ATM systems;
collect from States forecasting and economic planning material for the next edition of the World          X
of Civil Aviation;
assist States in implementing, to the extent possible, ICAO Policies on Charges for Airports and          X
Air Navigation Services (Doc 9082);
assist States in the implementation of guidance material on facilitation and on ICAO’s global             X
blueprint for machine readable travel documents enhanced with biometric identifiers;
                                                                         5–3




                                                                                                         PEL/TRG
                                                                                                         AIS/MAP




                                                                                                         OPS/AIR
                                                                                                         AVSEC




                                                                                                         MULTI
                                                                                                         AGA




                                                                                                         ATM



                                                                                                         MET
                                                                                                         CNS
                                                                                                         AIG




                                                                                                         SO
SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES TO BE ADDRESSED




                                                                                                         AT




                                                                                                         TC
encourage States, including airports, air navigation service providers, airlines, other civil                 X                       X
aviation agencies, as well as the civil society, to contribute to the International Financial Facility
for Aviation Safety (IFFAS);
organize seminars/workshops to assist States in the implementation of GNSS procedures;                    X       X   X   X       X
develop an ATM automation plan;                                                                                                       X
alleviate the projected shortage of VHF capacity by preparation of the next phase of expansion                    X   X
of EUR 8.33 kHz airspace;
encourage States that have not yet done so to implement air traffic control service along all ATS                 X   X
routes in their FIRs;
encourage the use of GNSS from en-route to non-precision approaches in States and enact                           X   X
necessary national legislation for implementation;
convene regional seminars and workshops on the introduction of safety and quality                                 X   X
management systems in States;
focus increased attention on Human Factors aspects in the provision of ATS and flight                             X       X
operations;
enhance regional provisions for aircraft experiencing communications failure in flight;                           X   X   X
amend ATM evolution tables as necessary;                                                                          X
implement the ATS quality assurance programme at a regional level to improve the safety level                     X
of flight operations and reduce ATS incidents;
implement unified upper airspace management in suitable areas of airspace;                                        X
implement ICAO airspace classifications;                                                                          X
implement 30 NM lateral and 30 NM longitudinal separation minima where appropriate;                               X
implement 50 NM lateral and 50 NM longitudinal separation minima where appropriate;                               X
implement ICAO standard cruising levels;                                                                          X
enhance the provision of SAR facilities, services, procedures and training;                                       X
plan and implement RVSM;                                                                                          X
promote civil/military coordination;                                                                              X
establish an airspace system performance monitoring structure and financial arrangements;                         X
further develop contingency route arrangements in the event of airspace closure at short notice                   X
due to military activity;

follow up on the implementation of RNAV, RNP and RVSM on the major traffic flows in the
                                                                                                                  X
regions;

implement mandatory carriage of ACAS II;                                                                          X
promote regional safety aerodrome operations through runway incursions seminars;                                  X
disseminate the global ATM operational concept;                                                                   X
continue encouraging States to become more proficient in the English language;                                    X
continue to assist the civil aviation training centres in the preparation of regular courses as well                          X
as courses based on the TRAINAIR methodology, taking new technology and distance training
into consideration;
initiate the activities to implement a centralized ATFM;                                                          X
assist States with ATM modernization programmes;                                                                  X
                                                                         5–4




                                                                                                   PEL/TRG
                                                                                                   AIS/MAP




                                                                                                   OPS/AIR
                                                                                                   AVSEC




                                                                                                   MULTI
                                                                                                   AGA




                                                                                                   ATM



                                                                                                   MET
                                                                                                   CNS
                                                                                                   AIG




                                                                                                   SO
SPECIFIC ACTIVITIES TO BE ADDRESSED




                                                                                                   AT




                                                                                                   TC
promote the implementation of ATS safety management;                                                 X
assist States in the compliance and implementation of SARPs in the AVSEC field;                          X
continue ground-to-ground ATN transition plans and associated technical and planning                         X
documents;
exchange SSR data between a pair of ATM units;                                                               X
facilitate the implementation and interconnection of digital networks;                                       X
support the ICAO position in preparation for the ITU WRC-2007;                                               X
management of aeronautical radio frequencies;                                                                X
conduct a regional GNSS augmentation test;                                                                   X                 X
alleviate the projected shortage of VHF capacity;                                                            X
follow up on recommendations of the Eleventh ICAO Air Navigation Conference;                                 X
achieve full implementation of the final phase of the World Area Forecast System (WAFS)                          X
including training in the use of GRIB and BUFR codes;
achieve full implementation of the ISCS and SADIS VSATs by States;                                               X
implement procedures to facilitate the global exchange of OPMET messages and their                               X
dissemination by the ISCS and SADIS satellite broadcasts;
implement the international airways volcano watch (IAVW) operational procedures, in particular                   X
the issuance of SIGMET for volcanic ash clouds and tropical cyclone advisories;
continue to promote the introduction of cost recovery for aeronautical meteorological services;                  X
foster strict adherence to Annex 3 provisions concerning the use of abbreviated plain language                   X
and numerical values in SIGMET messages;
develop quality management systems for the meteorological services for international air                         X
navigation;
improve flight safety and the safety oversight capabilities of States;                                               X         X
support aviation training programmes, provide and encourage States to increase their                                 X
participation in aviation safety related courses, seminars and workshops;
actively participate in all ICAO GASP flight safety-oriented programmes;                                             X
actively participate in all PAAST ALAR controlled flight into the terrain activities and events;                     X
actively participate in all PAAST runway safety activities, events and projects;                                     X
devote increased attention to human resource training in all areas related to flight safety;                             X X
provide assistance to audited States in the implementation of corrective action plans;                                     X X
participate in the development of regional flight safety groups;                                                     X X

support the Technical Cooperation Regional Programmes for continuing airworthiness and
                                                                                                                               X
operational safety of aircraft, and regional safety oversight systems;

encourage States to increase communications with the Technical Co-operation Bureau.                                            X




                                                                      — — — — —
                                                           PART 6


Missions to States and Territories by Regional Office Staff in the
      Air Navigation, Air Transport, Aviation Security and
                 Technical Cooperation Fields
Legend:     AGA       = aerodromes, air routes and ground aids         MET     = meteorology
            AIG       = accident investigation and prevention          OPS/AIR = operations/airworthiness
            AIS/MAP   = aeronautical information and charts            PEL/TRG = personnel licensing and training
            AT        = air transport                                  SO      = safety oversight
            ATM       = air traffic management                         TC      = technical cooperation
            AVSEC     = aviation security                              MULTI = multidisciplinary activities
            CNS       = communications, navigation and surveillance


                                             AIS/                                           OPS/    PEL/
States/Territories            AGA     AIG             AT    ATM       AVSEC   CNS    MET                    SO      TC   MULTI
                                             MAP                                            AIR     TRG


ASIA AND PACIFIC REGIONS

Australia                                                     x                x

Bangladesh                                                                     x

Bhutan                                                                                                      x             x

Brunei Darussalam                                                                                           x

Cambodia                                              x                               x

China                                                         x

   Hong Kong SAR                                      x       x

   Macao SAR                                          x

Fiji                                                                                                        x

India                                                         x

Indonesia                                                                             x                     x

Japan                                                                          x      x

Lao People’s
Democratic Republic                                                                                         x

Malaysia                                              x

Mongolia                        x                     x                                                             x     x

Myanmar                                                       x                x

Papua New Guinea                                                                      x

Philippines                                           x                               x                             x
                                             6-2

                                 AIS/                                  OPS/   PEL/
States/Territories   AGA   AIG          AT   ATM   AVSEC   CNS   MET                 SO   TC   MULTI
                                 MAP                                   AIR    TRG

Republic of Korea                       x

Samoa                                                                                x

Singapore                               x     x                         x                       x

United States                                 x

Vanuatu                                                                                         x

Viet Nam                                      x

EASTERN AND SOUTHERN AFRICAN REGIONS

Botswana              x                                           x

Ethiopia              x           x           x

Kenya                                                                                           x

Lesotho                                                     x

Malawi                x                                                                   x

Mauritius                         x     x     x     x       x

Mozambique                                                                           x

Rwanda                x                                     x                             x

Seychelles                        x           x             x

Swaziland                               x

United Republic of
Tanzania              x                 x           x             x                  x    x

Zambia                                                      x                        x

Zimbabwe                                                    x

EUROPEAN AND NORTH ATLANTIC REGIONS

Albania                                                                                         x

Austria                                                                                         x

Bosnia and
Herzegovina                                                       x

Croatia                                                                                         x

Kyrgyzstan                        x

Serbia and
Montenegro                                                                                      x
                                                6-3

                                    AIS/                                  OPS/   PEL/
States/Territories      AGA   AIG          AT   ATM   AVSEC   CNS   MET                 SO   TC   MULTI
                                    MAP                                   AIR    TRG

MIDDLE EAST REGION

Jordan                                                 x

Kenya                                                          x

Libyan Arab
Jamahiriya                                             x                                     x

Morocco                                                                                      x

Oman                                                           x

Sudan                                            x     x                                     x

Yemen                                                   x      x                             x

NORTH AMERICAN, CENTRAL AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN REGIONS

Antigua and Barbuda      x                                           x

Aruba                    x

Bahamas                                                                                            x

Barbados                                         x             x           x

Belize                               x     x     x

Costa Rica               x           x     x     x                         x                       x

Cuba                                                                                               x

Dominican Republic       x                 x                         x                             x

El Salvador                          x     x                                                       x

French Antilles                                                x

Guatemala                            x     x     x                                      x    x

Haiti                                                                x

Honduras                             x     x     x                                                 x

Jamaica                                                              x     x            x    x     x

Mexico                   x                       x                         x                 x     x

Netherlands Antilles     x

Nicaragua                            x     x     x

Saint Kitts and Nevis    x

Trinidad and Tobago      x                                     x     x     x                       x

United States            x                       x                   x                             x
                                             6-4

                                 AIS/                                  OPS/   PEL/
States/Territories   AGA   AIG          AT   ATM   AVSEC   CNS   MET                 SO   TC   MULTI
                                 MAP                                   AIR    TRG

SOUTH AMERICAN REGION

Argentina                         x                                                       x

Bolivia               x           x     x     x     x       x     x                       x

Chile                                   x     x      x

Colombia              x           x     x    x      x       x     x     x

Ecuador               x                 x            x            x

Guyana                x

Panama                x           x     x     x      x      x     x

Paraguay                          x           x             x     x

Peru                                         x                                            x

Suriname              x

Uruguay                                      x              x     x

Venezuela                         x     x     x      x            x     x

WESTERN AND CENTRAL AFRICAN REGIONS

Burkina Faso                                         x

Cape Verde                                                  x

Chad                  x                             x

Equatorial Guinea     x                             x                                     x

Gabon                                               x       x     x

Gambia                                  x           x                                x    x

Ghana                 x                             x                                x    x

Guinea                                                                               x

Niger                                                             x

Nigeria               x                       x     x       x                                   x

Sao Tome and
Principe                                            x

Senegal                                                     x                        x


                                 ___________________________
                                                       PART 7

                       REGIONAL OFFICE ADVICE AND ASSISTANCE TO STATES
                                     ON IMPLEMENTATION


7.       ADVICE AND ASSISTANCE TO STATES ON IMPLEMENTATION OF REGIONAL PLANS

7.1              The regional offices provide technical advice and guidance to States through correspondence,
meetings and missions on how the plan should be implemented and coordinate joint implementation action by
several States when it is required. This applies in particular to network services, e.g. FIR boundaries, elements
of the AFTN, ATS route network. To facilitate provision of advice by the offices in this regard, copies of
correspondence received from States are provided, as necessary, to the other offices concerned.

7.2               When it appears that implementation of the air navigation plan would be facilitated, the
responsible regional office furnishes to appropriate States a detailed statement of the facilities and services that
each is called upon to provide under the plan. It is recognized that this may require a considerable amount of the
regional office's time if practised generally, and this should therefore be done only when, in the opinion of the
regional office, implementation might be prejudiced by the difficulty of a State in determining exactly its
responsibilities under the air navigation plan.

7.3               A State, which is affected by more than one air route network and whose civil aviation is in the
developing stage, might benefit considerably from an air navigation plan or parts thereof prepared specifically for
it; such a plan would reconcile all regional recommendations affecting the country. However, in preparing such
a plan its purpose and status is stated clearly and comments made on any implementation problems are consistent
with the role of the Secretariat in fostering implementation.

7.4               When the regional offices are called upon by States to provide assistance in developing national
plans for the provision of air navigation facilities and services, the following principles are followed in determining
if and when such assistance should be given:

                  a)    it is permissible, in principle, to devote time and, if necessary, travel funds to assisting a
                        State in preparing national plans that will further the implementation of the air navigation
                        plan. The fact that such national plans may incorporate facilities not required under the
                        ICAO plan does not render such assistance inadvisable. On the other hand, it would be
                        unwise to expend any considerable amount of effort or money to assist in the development
                        of purely domestic plans of no direct benefit to international civil aviation, unless such
                        assistance by ICAO is offered under a UNDP or bilateral/multilateral funded project or is
                        funded by the government itself through a Trust Fund. Judgement will, of course, have to
                        be used here as well as in all other elements of the question, as it would not be prudent for
                        the office to refuse arbitrarily to grant assistance that could be given without much
                        difficulty, on the grounds that the project did not relate to international civil aviation;

                  b)    it is necessary to ensure that an equitable balance is maintained among the States to which
                        the office is accredited, to avoid devoting too much of the office resources to assistance to
                        a particular State at the expense of the help that might be required by others;

                  c)    the decision on how much time and money a regional office should reasonably devote to
                        assisting any single State is necessarily left to the office's discretion, but it should take into
                        account its obligation to serve all accredited States equitably and to give first priority to the
                        discharge of tasks assigned to it by Headquarters; and
                                                          7 -2

                  d)    in deciding whether or not to undertake such assistance, it is necessary to evaluate not only
                        the effect of the assistance on international civil aviation, but also its effect on relationships
                        with the assisted State. In some cases, it might be wise to give some assistance not of direct
                        interest to international civil aviation, if only to demonstrate to the assisted State the direct
                        and tangible benefit accruing from membership in the Organization. This is particularly
                        true in regional office relations with non-Contracting States.

7.5                To monitor effectively the implementation of regional plans, the offices maintain appropriate
records. The format of the records is left to the discretion of the regional offices since, due to the peculiarities of
the various regions and to the different working methods of the offices, it is considered undesirable to establish
a uniform system. The offices may find a need to establish "State folders" for the States to which they are
accredited, showing all the regional recommendations affecting the State and the status of their implementation.
Furthermore, it is recalled that this important task has a close relationship also with the task of the regional offices
in the identification, assessment and reporting of air navigation deficiencies through the PIRGs.




                                             -------------------------------
14 August 2003                                                                           PART 8

                                                                   REGIONAL OFFICE STAFFING LEVELS


                                                      Bangkok           Cairo              Dakar          Lima          Mexico        Nairobi       Paris*       RAO     HQ
                                                     (35 States)     (19 States)         (24 States)   (13 States)    (21 States)   (23 States)   (53 States)

 Professional Posts


 Chief                                                                                                                                                           1 P-O
 ICAO Regional Director                                 1 P-O           1 P-O              1 P-O          1 P-O         1 P-O         1 P-O          1 P-O
 ICAO Deputy Regional Director                          1 P-5           1 P-5              1 P-5       1 Vacant P-5     1 P-5         1 P-5
 Technical Team Leader                                                                                                                            1 Vacant P-5


 Executive Secretary of ECAC                                                                                                                        1 P-O†
 Deputy Executive Secretary of ECAC                                                                                                                  1 P-5†
                                                                                                                                                     1 P-5†


 Regional Affairs Officer                                                                                                                                        3 P-4


 RO, Aerodromes and Ground Aids                         1 P-4           1 P-4              1 P-4          1 P-4         1 P-4         1 P-4                              3P
 RO, Aerodromes Operations                                                                                                                           1 P-4
 RO, Air Navigation Systems Implementation                                                                                                           2 P-4
                                                                                                                                                   1 P-4 (NB)
 RO, AIS                                            1 Vacant P-3        1 P-3              1 P-2          1 P-3         1 P-3                                            5P
                                                        (NB)
 RO, ATM and AIS




* See separate sheets for specific financial arrangements for individual staff members
†
  Funded by respective regional conference (i.e. AFCAC, ECAC, LACAC)
‡
  Funded by AVSEC for 2 years
¤
  Funded by the Netherlands
NB = Non-budgeted
                                                                                           8-2

                                                      Bangkok           Cairo              Dakar          Lima          Mexico          Nairobi       Paris*       RAO   HQ
                                                     (35 States)     (19 States)         (24 States)   (13 States)    (21 States)     (23 States)   (53 States)

 RO, ATM and SAR                                       2 P-4          1 P-3 (NB)     1 Vacant P-4         1 P-4       1 Vacant P-4      1 P-4          2 P-4             7P
                                                    1 Vacant P-3                        1 P-3             1 P-3           (NB)          1 P-3
                                                        (NB)                            1 P-2
 RO, CNS                                                1 P-4           1 P-4              1 P-4          1 P-4          1 P-4          1 P-4        1 P-4 (NB)          7P
                                                                                         1 P-3 (NB)       1 P-3                         1 P-3
 RO, Communications                                     1 P-3
 RO, MET                                                1 P-4       1 Vacant P-4           1 P-4          1 P-4          1 P-4          1 P-4                            3P
                                                                        (NB)
 RO, MET and AIS                                                                                                                                       1 P-4
 RO, Manpower and Training                                                                             1 Vacant P-4                  1 Vacant P-4                        9P
                                                                                                           (NB)                          (NB)
 RO, Safety Oversight                               1 Vacant P-4    1 Vacant P-4     1 Vacant P-4         1 P-4          1 P-4          1 P-4                            6P
                                                                                         (NB)
 RO, Flight Safety Oversight                                                                                                                        1 Vacant P-4         9P
                                                                                                                                                        (NB)


 RO, Air Transport                                      1 P-4           1 P-4              1 P-5          1 P-5        Vacant P-4       1 P-4          1 P-4†            44 P
                                                                                           1 P-3                         (NB)
                                                                                           1 P-3†
 RO, Aviation Security                             1 Vacant P-4‡ 1 Vacant P-4‡ 1 Vacant P-4‡ 1 Vacant P-4‡               1 P-4‡      1 Vacant P-4‡ 1 Vacant P-4‡         4P
                                                                                                                                                               †
 Aviation Security Audit Officer                                                                                                                       1 P-4
 Statistics and Systems Officer                                                                                                                        1 P-3†            5P


 Associate Expert                                                                          1 P-2¤                     1 Vacant P-2      1 P-1¤
 Technical Coordinator (TCB)                                                                            1 P-4 (NB)
 Technical Officer                                                                                                                   1 Vacant P-2      1 P-4†
                                                                                                                                         (NB)

* See separate sheets for specific financial arrangements for individual staff members
†
  Funded by respective regional conference (i.e. AFCAC, ECAC, LACAC)
‡
  Funded by AVSEC for 2 years
¤
  Funded by the Netherlands
NB = Non-budgeted
                                                                                           8-3

                                                      Bangkok           Cairo              Dakar          Lima         Mexico        Nairobi        Paris*       RAO   HQ
                                                     (35 States)     (19 States)         (24 States)   (13 States)   (21 States)   (23 States)    (53 States)


 Administrative Officer                                 1 P-2           1 P-3              1 P-2         1 P-2         1 P-2         1 P-2          1 P-4†             98 P
 Language Officer                                                                          1 P-4                                                    2 P-4              74 P
                                                                                                                                                    1 P-3†
 Information Technology Services Officer                                                                                                            1 P-2              10 P


 Environment Officer                                                                                                                             1 Vacant P-4†         2P
                                                                                                                                                            †
 Information Officer                                                                                                                                1 P-3              4P
                                                                                                                                                            †
 Integration Officer                                                                                                                                1 P-3




* See separate sheets for specific financial arrangements for individual staff members
†
  Funded by respective regional conference (i.e. AFCAC, ECAC, LACAC)
‡
  Funded by AVSEC for 2 years
¤
  Funded by the Netherlands
NB = Non-budgeted
                                                                                           8-4

                                                      Bangkok           Cairo              Dakar          Lima         Mexico         Nairobi       Paris*      RAO     HQ
                                                     (35 States)     (19 States)         (24 States)   (13 States)   (21 States)    (23 States)   (53 States)

 General Services Posts


 Accounting Assistant                                                                                                                               1 G-6               13 G
 Accounting/Finance Assistant                                           1 G-6
 Finance and Administrative Assistant                   1 G-6
 Finance Assistant                                                                         1 G-5


 Senior Administrative Assistant                                                                                                                    1 G-6
 Administrative Assistant                                                                                1 G-6                        1 G-6
                                                                                                       1 G-6 (NB)
 Administrative Clerk                                   1 G-4           1 G-4              1 G-5†                      1 G-6                        1 G-4
                                                                                           1 G-3


 CNS/ATM Technical Assistant                                                                                                                      1 G-6 (NB)
 Fellowships Assistant                                                                                                             1 Vacant G-6
 Information Technology Assistant                                                                                                                   1 G-4
 Office Automation Assistant                            1 G-6          1 G-6                           1 G-6 (NB)    Vacant G-6
                                                                     1 G-6 (NB)                                         (NB)
 Personal Assistant                                                                                                                                 1 G-6†
 Programme Assistant                                                                                     1 G-6†
 Regional Affairs Assistant                                                                                                                                     1 G-7   1G
 Technical Assistant                                                                       1 G-6                                                    1 G-6
 Technical Cooperation Assistant                     1 G-6 (NB)                                                      Vacant G-6
                                                                                                                        (NB)



* See separate sheets for specific financial arrangements for individual staff members
†
  Funded by respective regional conference (i.e. AFCAC, ECAC, LACAC)
‡
  Funded by AVSEC for 2 years
¤
  Funded by the Netherlands
NB = Non-budgeted
                                                                                           8-5

                                                      Bangkok           Cairo              Dakar          Lima         Mexico        Nairobi        Paris*      RAO     HQ
                                                     (35 States)     (19 States)         (24 States)   (13 States)   (21 States)   (23 States)    (53 States)

 Information Clerk                                                                                                                                              1 G-6
 Reference and Documentation Clerk                                                                                                                              1 G-6
 Special Events Coordinator                                                                                                                         1 G-6


 Secretary to Head of Office                            1 G-6           1 G-6          1 G-6†            1 G-6                       1 G-6
                                                                                    1 Vacant G-6
 Senior Secretary                                       1 G-5                              1 G-5         1 G-5         1 G-6         1 G-5          1 G-5       1 G-6
 Secretary                                             4 G-4            2 G-4              1 G-4         4 G-4         1 G-5         4 G-4          4 G-4
                                                     1 G-4 (NB)                                          1 G-4†        3 G-4       1 G-4 (NB)       1 G-4†
                                                                                                       1 G-4 (NB)                                 1 G-4 (NB)
                                                                                                                                                    5 G-3
                                                                                                                                                    1 G-3†
                                                                                                                                                 1 Vacant G-3
 Secretary Assistant                                                                                                                                1 G-4


 Document Assistant                                                                                                                                 1 G-5
 Documents Clerk                                                                                                                                    1 G-3
 Documents Clerk/Receptionist                                                                                                                       1 G-3
 Office Clerk                                                                                            1 G-3†
 Clerk/Messenger                                     1 G-2 (NB)
 Clerk/Typist                                                                              3 G-3
 Clerk/Typist (Office Automation)                                                          1 G-3
 Clerk/typist (Text Processing)                                                            1 G-3
 Registry Clerk                                                         1 G-4              1 G-4
 Registry Clerk/Receptionist                                                                                         Vacant G-3
                                                                                                                        (NB)

* See separate sheets for specific financial arrangements for individual staff members
†
  Funded by respective regional conference (i.e. AFCAC, ECAC, LACAC)
‡
  Funded by AVSEC for 2 years
¤
  Funded by the Netherlands
NB = Non-budgeted
                                                                                           8-6

                                                      Bangkok           Cairo              Dakar          Lima         Mexico        Nairobi       Paris*      RAO   HQ
                                                     (35 States)     (19 States)         (24 States)   (13 States)   (21 States)   (23 States)   (53 States)


 General Services Attendant                                                                                                                        1 G-1
                                                                                                   †
 General Services Clerk                                                                    1 G-5                                                   1 G-3
 General Services Supervisor                                                                                                                     1 G-5 (NB)


 Senior Driver                                          1 G-3                              1 G-3
 Driver/Printing Operator                                                                                              1 G-3         1 G-3
 Printing Operator                                      1 G-3                                                                                      2 G-3
 Printing Operator/Clerk                                                                                 1 G-3
 Machine Operator                                                                   1 Vacant G-4
 Telecommunications Operator                            1 G-3
 Customs Clerk/Driver                                   1 G-4                                                          1 G-3
 Customs Clearance Clerk/Messenger                                                         1 G-3
 Cleaner/Messenger                                                                          1 G-1
                                                                                           2 G-1†
                                                                                          1 Vacant
                                                                                            G-1†
 Messenger/Reproduction Clerk                                           1 G-2
 Messenger                                                              1 G-2
 Janitor/Cleaner                                                                           1 G-1




* See separate sheets for specific financial arrangements for individual staff members
†
  Funded by respective regional conference (i.e. AFCAC, ECAC, LACAC)
‡
  Funded by AVSEC for 2 years
¤
  Funded by the Netherlands
NB = Non-budgeted
                                                           PART 9

                    TRIENNIAL BUDGETS OF RAO AND REGIONAL OFFICES


                           SUMMARY FOR PROGRAMME 5.1: MANAGEMENT,
                              CO-ORDINATION AND SUPPORT (RAO)

REGULAR BUDGET – RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS


           WORK MONTHS
                                    TOTAL                                    DIRECT COSTS ($ 000)
              Strength
 YEAR                                COST                     1              2                              4
                                    ($ 000)      MEETINGS           STAFF          GEN. OP.     EQUIPMENT       OTHER
              P          GS                                                                 3
                                                                    Strength      EXPENSES

    2002     48          48          1 024             2              994             13            15
    2003     48          48          1 029             2             1 010            13             4
    2004     48          48          1 046             2             1 027            13             4
1
  Amounts relate to ALLPIRG.
2 Includes for contractual services for Regional Offices.
3 Amounts relate primarily to travel on official business and software acquisition.
4
  Amounts relate to acquisition of office automation equipment
                                                             9-2




                                    SUMMARY FOR PROGRAMME 5.2: WACAF

REGULAR BUDGET – RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS

                                1
            WORK MONTHS
                                     TOTAL                                   DIRECT COSTS ($ 000)
               Strength
 YEAR                                 COST                                                                      3
                                     ($ 000)      MEETINGS          STAFF         GEN. OP.2       EQUIPMENT          OTHER
                P         GS
                                                                    Strength      EXPENSES

    2002      144         180         1 697                          1 445            203                49
    2003      144         180         1 728                          1 482            209                37
    2004      144         180         1 767                          1 528            202                37
1
    2 Professional staff (24 work months per annum) and 2 General Service staff (22 work months per annum) are provided by ICAO
    in support of regional civil aviation activities. Other expenses of the African Civil Aviation Commission are managed through
    a non-budgetary recoverable account, with reimbursement to ICAO of expenses incurred.
2
    Includes the following amounts ($ 000):                2002                2003              2004
       a) hospitality                                         3                   3                 3
       b) communications                                     39                  40                41
       c) rental of premises                                  –                   –                 –
       d) maintenance of premises                            21                  22                22
       e) rental and maintenance of equipment                27                  29                29
       f) printing                                           11                  11                11
       g) travel on official business                        76                  78                80
       h) miscellaneous                                      26                  26                16
3
    Includes the following amounts ($ 000):                2002                2003              2004
       a) furniture and equipment                            46                  34                34
       b) books and periodicals                               3                   3                 3
                                                        9-3




                                  SUMMARY FOR PROGRAMME 5.3: APAC

REGULAR BUDGET – RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS


             WORK MONTHS
                                    TOTAL                              DIRECT COSTS ($ 000)
                Strength
 YEAR                                COST                1                                            3
                                    ($ 000)     MEETINGS      STAFF         GEN. OP.      EQUIPMENT       OTHER
               P          GS                                                         2
                                                              Strength     EXPENSES

    2002      132         156         1 770        8           1 416            302             44
    2003      132         156         1 839        8           1 454            308             69
    2004      132         156         1 884        8           1 503            315             58
1
    Amounts relate to APANPIRG
2
    Includes the following amounts ($ 000):            2002              2003            2004
       a) hospitality                                     3                 3               3
       b) communications                                 51                53              54
       c) rental of premises                              –                 –               –
       d) maintenance of premises                        75                75              75
       e) rental and maintenance of equipment            23                24              25
       f) printing                                        4                 4               4
       g) travel on official business                   112               114             117
       h) miscellaneous                                  31                32              33
3
    Includes the following amounts ($ 000):            2002              2002            2004
       a) furniture and equipment                        41                66              55
       b) books and periodicals                           3                 3               3
                                                         9-4




                                   SUMMARY FOR PROGRAMME 5.4: ESAF

REGULAR BUDGET – RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS


             WORK MONTHS
                                    TOTAL                               DIRECT COSTS ($ 000)
                Strength
 YEAR                                COST                 1                                            3
                                    ($ 000)     MEETINGS       STAFF         GEN. OP.      EQUIPMENT       OTHER
               P          GS                                                          2
                                                               Strength     EXPENSES

    2002      132         120         1 866        35           1 391            347             93
    2003      132         120         1 872        35           1 434            354             49
    2004      132         120         1 893        35           1 473            358             27
1
    Amounts relate to APIRG
2
    Includes the following amounts ($ 000):             2002              2003            2004
       a) hospitality                                      3                 3               3
       b) communications                                  69                71              73
       c) rental of premises                             110               110             110
       d) maintenance of premises                          3                 4               4
       e) rental and maintenance of equipment             31                32              32
       f) printing                                        10                10              10
       g) travel on official business                     72                74              75
       h) miscellaneous                                   49                50              51
3
    Includes the following amounts ($ 000):             2002              2003            2004
       a) furniture and equipment                         89                45              22
       b) books and periodicals                            4                 4               5
                                                                  9-5




                                      SUMMARY FOR PROGRAMME 5.5: EUR/NAT

REGULAR BUDGET – RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS

                                  1
             WORK MONTHS
                                        TOTAL                                      DIRECT COSTS ($ 000)
                Strength
 YEAR                                    COST                      2                                                     4
                                        ($ 000)      MEETINGS            STAFF           GEN. OP.         EQUIPMENT           OTHER
                 P          GS                                                                    3
                                                                         Strength       EXPENSES

    2002       145          231          2 764             27              2 201             501                 35
    2003       145          231          2 847             27              2 277             508                 35
    2004       145          231          2 941             27              2 338             540                 36
1
    1 Professional staff (12 work months per annum) is provided by ICAO on a reimbursable basis in support of regional civil aviation
    activities. The European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC) reimburses ICAO for the net cost of administrative services support
    at the regional office provided on a part-time basis by regular staff of ICAO, and for its proportionate share of other regional office
    expenses incurred in support of ECAC activities. Since the staff and expense mentioned are an integral part of the ICAO regional
    office operation, their cost is included in both ICAO appropriation estimates and in Miscellaneous Income. Other expenses of
    ECAC are managed through a non-budgetary recoverable account, with reimbursement to ICAO of expenses incurred.
2
    Amounts relate to EANPG and NAT systems
3
    Includes the following amounts ($ 000):                     2002                2003                2004
       a) hospitality                                              3                   3                   3
       b) communications                                          97                 100                 102
       c) rental of premises                                       –                   –                   –
       d) maintenance of premises                                142                 146                 149
       e) rental and maintenance of equipment                     71                  72                  99
       f) printing                                                15                  15                  16
       g) travel on official business                            118                 117                 115
       h) miscellaneous                                           55                  55                  56
4
    Includes the following amounts ($ 000):                     2002                2003                2004
       a) furniture and equipment                                 31                  31                  32
       b) books and periodicals                                    4                   4                   4
                                                        9-6




                                   SUMMARY FOR PROGRAMME 5.6: MID

REGULAR BUDGET – RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS


             WORK MONTHS
                                    TOTAL                              DIRECT COSTS ($ 000)
                Strength
 YEAR                                COST                1                                            3
                                    ($ 000)     MEETINGS      STAFF         GEN. OP.      EQUIPMENT       OTHER
               P          GS                                                         2
                                                              Strength     EXPENSES

    2002      108         132         1 465        8           1 300            130             27
    2003      108         132         1 505        8           1 336            133             28
    2004      108         132         1 549        8           1 380            134             27


1
    Amounts relate to MIDANPIRG
2
    Includes the following amounts ($ 000):            2002              2003            2004
       a) hospitality                                     3                 3               3
       b) communications                                 27                28              28
       c) rental of premises                              –                 –               –
       d) maintenance of premises                        17                17              17
       e) rental and maintenance of equipment            14                14              14
       f) printing                                        4                 4               4
       g) travel on official business                    45                46              47
       h) miscellaneous                                  20                21              21
3
    Includes the following amounts ($ 000):            2002              2003            2004
       a) furniture and equipment                        23                24              23
       b) books and periodicals                           4                 4               4
                                                       9-7




                                  SUMMARY FOR PROGRAMME 5.7: NACC

REGULAR BUDGET – RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS


             WORK MONTHS
                                    TOTAL                             DIRECT COSTS ($ 000)
                Strength
 YEAR                                COST                                                            2
                                    ($ 000)     MEETINGS     STAFF         GEN. OP.      EQUIPMENT       OTHER
               P          GS                                                        1
                                                             Strength     EXPENSES

    2002      108         96          1 763                   1 326            382             55
    2003      108         96          1 805                   1 372            393             40
    2004      108         96          1 835                   1 409            404             22
1
    Includes the following amounts ($ 000):          2002               2003            2004
       a) hospitality                                   3                  3               3
       b) communications                               28                 29              30
       c) rental of premises                          180                186             192
       d) maintenance of premises                      32                 34              34
       e) rental and maintenance of equipment          22                 22              23
       f) printing                                      7                  7               7
       g) travel on official business                  92                 94              97
       h) miscellaneous                                18                 18              18
2
    Includes the following amounts ($ 000):          2002               2003            2004
       a) furniture and equipment                      52                 37              19
       b) books and periodicals                         3                  3               3
                                                             9-2




                                    SUMMARY FOR PROGRAMME 5.8: SAM

REGULAR BUDGET – RESOURCE REQUIREMENTS

                                1
            WORK MONTHS
                                     TOTAL                                   DIRECT COSTS ($ 000)
               Strength
 YEAR                                 COST                    2                                                 4
                                     ($ 000)      MEETINGS          STAFF         GEN. OP.        EQUIPMENT          OTHER
                P         GS                                                               3
                                                                    Strength     EXPENSES

    2002      132         144         1 977            35            1 300            220               22
    2003      132         144         2 051            35            1 745            227               44
    2004      132         144         2 099            35            1 793            232               39
1
    2 Professional staff (24 work months per annum) and 1 General Service staff (12 work months per annum) are provided by
    ICAO in support of regional civil aviation activities. Other expenses of the Latin American Civil Aviation Commission are
    managed through a non-budgetary recoverable account, with reimbursement to ICAO of expenses incurred.
2
    Amounts relate to GREPECAS
3
    Includes the following amounts ($ 000):                 2002               2003             2004
       a) hospitality                                          3                  3                3
       b) communications                                      55                 57               59
       c) rental of premises                                   7                  7                7
       d) maintenance of premises                             18                 19               19
       e) rental and maintenance of equipment                 24                 24               25
       f) printing                                             8                  8                8
       g) travel on official business                         74                 76               78
       h) miscellaneous                                       31                 33               33
4
    Includes the following amounts ($ 000):                 2002               2003             2004
       a) furniture and equipment                             20                 42               37
       b) books and periodicals                                2                  2                2
                                                   PART 10

                PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION REGIONAL GROUPS (PIRGs)
                                   BACKGROUND


10.     Planning and Implementation Regional Groups (PIRGs) established by the Council

10.1             General

10.2             PIRGs have been established by the Council normally in response to RAN meeting
recommendations to ensure the continuous and coherent development of the regional air navigation plan and to
monitor and foster its implementation. There are at present six such groups, namely the NAT Systems Planning
Group (NAT SPG), the European Air Navigation Planning Group (EANPG), the AFI Planning and
Implementation Regional Group (APIRG), the CAR/SAM Regional Planning and Implementation Group
(GREPECAS), the Asia/Pacific Air Navigation Planning and Implementation Regional Group (APANPIRG) and
the Middle East Air Navigation Planning and Implementation Regional Group (MIDANPIRG). Membership of
these groups is by States and can only be changed through formal action by the Council.

10.3              PIRGs meet normally once a year to deal with their work programmes, with emphasis on
reviewing the situation of implementation of the regional air navigation plan concerned. The ICAO Regional
Director acts as the Secretary of the PIRG. Reports of PIRG meetings are documented for review by the ANC,
which in turn reports the result of its review to the Council. PIRGs conduct their business according to their
procedural handbook which is approved by the PIRG and noted by the Council.

10.4              Within seven days after the close of the PIRG meeting, the Secretary of the PIRG is expected to
forward to RAO, a draft AN-WP on the review by the ANC of the report of the PIRG. RAO will process the draft
AN-WP for presentation to the ANC. The ANC (142-2), when reviewing the added value of its review of the
reports of PIRGs, emphasized the need for brevity, clarity and safety focus of the PIRG reports and their related
ANC and Council papers. Following this, in April 1999, the ANC Working Group on Regional Plans (WG/RPL)
developed the following guidelines for standardization of working papers related to PIRG reports and improvement
of the effectiveness of their review by the ANC. These guidelines were noted by the ANC (152-8):

                 a)    the Secretariat documents the PIRG report to the ANC in the form of a draft report to the
                       Council which should also include a one page summary of the situation of implementation
                       of air navigation facilities and services in the region(s);

                 b)    the above draft report to the Council will be referred by the ANC to its Working Group on
                       Regional Plans (WG/RPL);

                 c)    the ANC itself will review the report of WG/RPL which includes the value added by the
                       ANC;

                 d)    the structure of the draft C-WP should be as follows:

                       1.    report what is essentially relevant/of interest to the ANC and the Council, which
                             means that not all conclusions and decisions are to be included;

                       2.    the C-WP should be based on key subjects covered by the meeting and not on the
                             agenda items;

                       3.    subjects covered should be cross-referenced to agenda items;
                                                      10 - 2

                      4.    the conclusions and decisions which require specific action by the ANC or Council
                            should be cross-referenced between the text in the WP and an appendix attached to
                            the paper which should clearly show the specific action to be taken by the ANC or
                            Council;

                      5.    the conclusions/decisions should be brought to the attention of the ANC or Council,
                            as appropriate, only when:

                            5.1 approval is needed;

                            5.2 support/encouragement is desired;

                            5.3 the approach recommended by the PIRG differs from ICAO’s normal practice;
                                or

                            5.4   other regional and/or global adoption is suggested; and

                            5.5 the Secretariat needs to draw the attention of the ANC/Council to a certain issue.

                      6.    the conclusions/decisions in the appendix should have specific action associated with
                            “Approve”, “Note” and “Defer”, and may be cross-referenced to other tasks (e.g.
                            TWP, panel, other regions).

10.5            Eighty English and fifteen copies in each of the other language versions of PIRG reports are
required at Headquarters for distribution to the Council, the ANC and the Secretariat.

10.6            The NAT Systems Planning Group (NAT SPG)

10.6.1           The NAT SPG was established by the Council in 1965 (54/2) pursuant to Recommendation 4/1
of the Special NAT RAN Meeting (1965).

10.7            The European Air Navigation Planning Group (EANPG)

10.7.1       The EANPG was established by the Council in 1972 pursuant to Recommendation 18/1 of the
Sixth EUM RAN Meeting (1971).

10.8            The AFI Planning and Implementation Regional Group (APIRG)

10.8.1        The APIRG was established by the Council in 1980 (C 103/15) pursuant to
Recommendation 16/8 of the Sixth Africa-Indian Ocean RAN Meeting (1979).

10.9            The CAR/SAM Regional Planning and Implementation Group (GREPECAS)

10.9.1        The GREPECAS was established by the Council in 1990 (C 130/15) pursuant to
Recommendation 14/6 of the CAR/SAM/2 RAN Meeting (1989).

10.10           The Asia/Pacific Air Navigation Planning and Implementation Regional Group
                (APANPIRG)

10.10.1           The APANPIRG was established by the Council in 1991 (C 133/19) in the light of consultation
with States of the Asia and Pacific Regions.
                                                     10 - 3

10.11           The Middle East Air Navigation Planning and Implementation Regional Group
                (MIDANPIRG)

10.11.1           The MIDANPIRG was established by the Council in 1993 (C 140/7) in the light of consultation
with States of the Middle East Region.




                                           -------------------------
                                               PART 11


         PIRGs — TERMS OF REFERENCE AND OTHER APPLICABLE PROVISIONS


                 EUROPEAN AIR NAVIGATION PLANNING GROUP (EANPG)
                     [Doc 9639, SP EUR RAN Meeting (1994), Appendix A]


11.1    The provisions described hereunder shall be applicable to the European Air Navigation Planning
Group (EANPG). They shall supersede in toto those established by the Council of ICAO prior to 20/2/95
[Action by Council (144/2) on Recommendation 1/1 a) of the Special EUR RAN Meeting (1994)].

11.2     OBJECTIVES OF THE EUROPEAN AIR NAVIGATION PLANNING GROUP

11.2.1         The objectives of the ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group are:

               a) to ensure that air navigation system development plans and action within the EUR
                  Region remain coherent and remain compatible with those of the adjacent ICAO
                  Regions and with the ICAO global plan and worldwide provisions; and that these be
                  appropriately reflected in the EUR Regional Air Navigation Plan (ANP);

               b) to manage the EUR Regional Air Navigation Plan and related documentation and to
                  facilitate the implementation of the international operational requirements contained
                  therein;

               c) to promote and facilitate the harmonization and coordination of the air navigation
                  related programmes of other international organizations such as the Commission of the
                  European Communities (CEC), the European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC),
                  Eurocontrol, the Interstate Aviation Committee of the Commonwealth of Independent
                  States (IAC/CIS) (within the framework of functions and authority voluntarily delegated
                  by the States of the CIS), the Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA), and their
                  communications, navigation and surveillance/air traffic management (CNS/ATM)
                  systems implementation efforts, including the activities of States and State groupings
                  in the central, eastern and far eastern parts of the EUR Region;

               d) to ensure the coherence of the EUR CNS/ATM system at regional interfaces with
                  CNS/ATM systems of adjacent regions (NAT, NAM, AFI, MID, ASIA and PAC), in
                  line with the ICAO global plan established for that purpose; and

               e) to assist States or State groupings in their planning and implementation efforts, if and
                  when required.
                                                    11 - 2

11.3     TERMS OF REFERENCE OF THE ICAO EUROPEAN AIR NAVIGATION PLANNING GROUP

11.3.1           The terms of reference of the group are to:

                 a) ensure the continuous and coherent development of the European Air Navigation Plan
                    and other relevant regional documentation in a manner that is harmonized with adjacent
                    regions and consistent with global requirements;

                 b) develop amendment proposals for the update of the European Air Navigation Plan
                    necessary to satisfy any changes in the requirements, thus removing the need for regular
                    regional air navigation meetings;

                 c) monitor implementation of air navigation facilities and services and, where necessary,
                    ensure harmonization, taking due account of cost/benefit analyses, business case
                    development, environmental benefits and financing issues;

                 d) ensure the conduct of any necessary systems performance monitoring, identify specific
                    problems in the air navigation field, especially in the context of safety and security, and
                    propose action aimed at solving any identified problems;

                 e) ensure close cooperation with relevant organizations and State groupings to optimize
                    the use of available expertise and resources;

                 f) develop a safety analysis that would result in the allocation of priorities to address
                    deficiencies using the Global Air Safety Plan (GASP) as a model;

                 g) ensure the development and implementation of an action plan by States to resolve
                    identified deficiencies, where necessary; and

                 h) conduct the above activities in the most efficient manner possible, with a minimum of
                    formality and documentation, and call meetings of the EANPG only when the Secretary
                    and the Chairman are convinced that it is necessary to do so.


11.4     COMPOSITION OF THE ICAO EUROPEAN AIR NAVIGATION PLANNING GROUP

                 Size

11.4.1          The ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group should be kept as small as possible
commensurate with the requirement to carry out its task and to have a balanced representation of the region
as a whole. To achieve this, groups of States, suitably located in relation to each other, should, to the extent
possible, make arrangements for collective representations.

                 Members

11.4.2          States should ensure that their Representatives serving the ICAO European Air Navigation
Planning Group have experience in the direction of the full range of international air navigation planning and
operation. If their State is involved in activities of the other air navigation planning bodies in the EUR
Region, the designated Representative should be familiar with these.
                                                    11 - 3

11.4.3          Changes to the membership and/or changes to the size of the ICAO European Air Navigation
Planning Group may be proposed by any State located in the EUR Region, or by the EANPG itself, and shall
be subject to Council approval.

                 Participation by other States

11.4.4           Any State located in the EUR Region shall be entitled to be represented at meetings of the
ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group with full rights, if it so wishes. However, in exercising these
rights, States without permanent representation in the group should take into account the need for keeping
its meetings as small and as informal as possible in order to retain its efficiency. In addition, the ICAO
European Air Navigation Planning Group may invite States to participate in its meetings whenever such
States will be affected by specific aspects of the work of the group or when this will be of assistance in the
general conduct of its work.

11.4.5           Any State located outside the EUR Region, having notified ICAO that aircraft on its register,
or aircraft operated by an operator whose principal place of business or permanent residence is located in
such State, operate or expect to operate into the EUR Region (EUR User State), or providing facilities and
services affecting the EUR Region, shall have the right to be represented in the meetings of the ICAO
European Air Navigation Planning Group with full rights whenever it considers that its interests are involved,
subject to applicable considerations in paragraphs 11.4.2 and 11.4.3.

11.4.6          States not covered by the provisions in paragraphs 11.4.2 and 11.4.3 may participate as
observers at meetings of the ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group, subject to the applicable
considerations in those paragraphs.

                 Participation by international organizations

11.4.7            The ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group shall normally invite, as observers,
selected international organizations recognized by the Council as representing important civil aviation
interests to participate in the work of the body in a consultative capacity, as deemed necessary. Those
international organizations which should be invited to participate on a regular basis are the following:
Airports Council International (ACI), European Civil Aviation Conference (ECAC), European Organization
for the Safety of Air Navigation (Eurocontrol), IAC/CIS (within the framework of functions and authority
voluntarily delegated by the States of the CIS), International Council of Aircraft Owner and Pilot
Associations (IAOPA), International Air Carrier Association (IACA), International Air Transport
Association (IATA), International Business Aviation Council (IBAC), International Federation of Air Line
Pilots’ Associations (IFALPA), International Federation of Air Traffic Controllers’ Associations (IFATCA)
and Joint Aviation Authorities (JAA).

11.4.8          Other international organizations and/or European bodies and organizations may also
participate in meetings of the EANPG in a consultative capacity, if and when specifically invited by the
ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group. Such invitations normally are extended for a particular
meeting of the group and may cover only particular agenda item(s) of that meeting.

                 Relations with other European bodies and organizations

11.4.9            The ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group shall keep itself informed of the
activities of, and shall provide advice to, other relevant European bodies and organizations to the extent that
such activities are likely to have an impact on the planning and operation of the EUR air navigation system
                                                     11 - 4

as a whole, as well as on that of other ICAO regions or on the worldwide provisions of ICAO. When
necessary, the ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group shall provide information and advice to such
bodies and organizations if this is required in order to:

                 a) avoid duplication of work assignments, tasks and/or efforts;

                 b) engage their assistance in matters which, while having a bearing on the air navigation
                    system, are outside the competence of ICAO and/or the ICAO European Air Navigation
                    Planning Group's activities.

11.4.10         In particular, in view of the objectives pursued and the functions performed by Eurocontrol,
the ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group shall maintain close relations with that European
organization by:

                 a) inviting Eurocontrol to participate in meetings of the group; and

                 b) requesting the cooperation of Eurocontrol in carrying out specific studies or tasks
                    related to the ICAO work programme in the EUR Region.

11.4.11       Conversely, Eurocontrol is expected to keep the ICAO European Air Navigation Planning
Group informed on its activities having a direct bearing on the work and the tasks of the latter.

11.4.12        The ICAO Regional Director, European and North Atlantic Office, shall ensure participation
by ICAO expert staff in Eurocontrol's work of relevance to the tasks of the ICAO European Air Navigation
Planning Group and to the responsibilities of the ICAO regional office in general.

11.4.13          Relationships with other organizations or entities should follow similar patterns, depending
on the nature of the work emerging from such bodies.

                 Civil/military coordination

11.4.14           Regarding the representation of military interests and in view of the significant effects which
military activities may have on civil air navigation planning, the ICAO European Air Navigation Planning
Group shall keep in mind military air navigation matters and their inter-relationship with civil air navigation
planning, and should give due consideration to defence needs, particularly concerning sovereignty of
airspace. It should therefore liaise with respective organizations, as necessary.

                 Involvement of the ICAO Regional Director, European and North Atlantic Office

11.4.15         The ICAO Regional Director, European and North Atlantic Office shall serve as Secretary
of the ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group. The European and North Atlantic Office of ICAO
shall provide the Secretariat services to the group and serve as its communication link with all interested
parties.

11.4.16          The ICAO Regional Director shall manage all technical matters within the policy framework
of the ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group. In this capacity, he shall be responsible for the
coordination and harmonization of the work of any contributing bodies that may be established from time
to time and particularly also with that of other ICAO bodies.
                                                   11 - 5

11.4.17         To that end, the ICAO Regional Director, where required in close coordination with the
Chairman of the ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group and with States and international
organizations concerned, shall be responsible for:

                a) managing the ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group's technical work
                   programme, provided that it shall always be consistent with the group's policies;

                b) achieving agreement by consensus among EUR Provider and User States on air
                   navigation topics;

                c) informing the ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group about technical issues
                   which cannot be so resolved;

                d) ensuring the harmonization of planning in the EUR and adjacent regions;

                e) processing proposals to amend the EUR Regional Air Navigation Plan and the EUR
                   Regional Supplementary Procedures;

                Note:   The ICAO Regional Director will ensure that proposals for amendment of the EUR
                        Regional Air Navigation Plan and the EUR Regional Supplementary Procedures
                        developed by contributing bodies are consistent with ICAO policy and coherent at
                        the air navigation systems level. If so, he will circulate and process these proposals
                        on behalf of the ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group in accordance
                        with established procedures as approved by the Council for that purpose.

                f) coordinating and harmonizing the work of the ICAO European Air Navigation Planning
                   Group and its contributing bodies, particularly also with that of other ICAO bodies;

                g) maintaining closest coordination between ICAO, the ICAO European Air Navigation
                   Planning Group, CEC, ECAC, Eurocontrol, JAA and other parties involved in EUR
                   regional planning to ensure a harmonized air navigation system evolution and to avoid
                   duplication of efforts at all levels; and

                h) referring policy matters and matters of a contentious nature to the ICAO European Air
                   Navigation Planning Group for appropriate action.


                Working methods

11.4.18          The ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group shall appoint a Chairman and
Vice-Chairmen. The Chairman, in close cooperation with the ICAO Regional Director, European and North
Atlantic Office, shall make necessary arrangements for the most efficient working of the group. One of the
prerequisites in this respect is that the group shall at all times work with a minimum of formality and
paperwork. In the interval between meetings of the group, the representatives shall maintain continuity in
the work of the group. This may take the form of assignment of specific tasks to selected individual
representatives and/or the formation of small ad hoc task forces to perform studies or prepare supporting
material on defined subjects for consideration by the group as a whole. Best advantage should be taken of
modern communication methods, particularly electronic mail, facsimile, etc., to keep the members and the
Secretary in permanent touch with each other.
                                                   11 - 6

11.4.19          The European and North Atlantic Office of ICAO shall provide necessary secretarial
assistance to the group and serve as its communication link with all interested parties. It shall be equipped
with adequate communication means to fulfil this task.

                Meetings of the ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group

11.4.20          Based on the advice of members of the ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group and
of the ICAO Regional Director, European and North Atlantic Office, the Chairman shall decide the agenda,
date, duration and site of meetings of the group. These decisions should be arrived at flexibly and only as
and when the need arises in cases where subjects can not reasonably be treated through communications
amongst members. The meetings should be held with a minimum of administrative arrangements and a
minimum of cost to States and ICAO. During meetings, members of the group may be accompanied by
advisers. Total attendance should, however, be kept to a minimum consistent with the topics to be discussed
so as to maintain the desired informality of proceedings.

11.4.21          Approximately sixty days prior to each meeting of the ICAO European Air Navigation
Planning Group, a convening letter shall be transmitted by the Secretary. This letter should include the
agenda together with background notes in order to assist participants in preparing for the meeting, as well
as a summary report on activities of the group since it met last. The convening letter should be addressed
to the representatives of:

                a) States designated as Members;

                b) States having decided to attend regularly the meeting of the ICAO European Air
                   Navigation Planning Group; and

                c) international organizations invited to participate on a continuous basis in the activities
                   of the ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group (see paragraph 11.4.7).

11.4.22          In addition, the ICAO Regional Director, European and North Atlantic Office shall keep
States and selected international organizations concerned informed of the convening of meetings of the ICAO
European Air Navigation Planning Group and the subjects planned for discussion.

                Language

11.4.23          Normally, the languages of meetings should be English, French and Russian, except if
otherwise determined amongst the members in advance of each meeting. The reports of the meetings shall
be circulated in English, French and Russian.

                Creation and dissolution of contributory bodies

11.4.24         In order to assist it, the ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group may create
contributing sub-groups or task forces, charged with preparatory work of specific problems requiring expert
advice for their resolution. Representation in such sub-groups should be by European Air Navigation
Planning Group members or by specialists in the subjects under consideration, as the case may merit. The
establishment and the work of such sub-groups shall be governed by the following considerations:

                a) a sub-group shall only be formed when it has been clearly established that it is likely to
                   be able to make a substantial contribution to the resolution of the problem in question;
                                                  11 - 7

                b) it shall be given clear and concise terms of reference prescribing not only its task but
                   also an expected target date for its completion;

                c) its composition shall be such that, while being kept as small as possible, all States
                   (whether or not they are members of the European Air Navigation Planning Group) and
                   organizations likely to be able to make valid contributions are given the opportunity to
                   participate in it;

                d) its work progress shall be subject to review by the European Air Navigation Planning
                   Group, especially in order to avoid duplication of effort in fields already covered by
                   other activities; and

                e) a sub-group shall be dissolved as soon as either it has completed its assigned task or it
                   has become apparent that either the task is covered by other bodies active in the EUR
                   Region or that work on the subject in question cannot be usefully continued.

11.5    POSITION IN ICAO

11.5.1           The ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group shall be the guiding and coordinating
organ for all activities conducted within ICAO concerning the air navigation system for the EUR Region,
but shall not assume authority vested in other ICAO bodies, except where such bodies have specifically
delegated their authority to the ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group. The activities of the ICAO
European Air Navigation Planning Group shall be subject to review by the ICAO Council.

11.5.2            All groups or meetings within the framework of ICAO (excluding limited, special or full-
scale regional air navigation meetings), concerned with the EUR air navigation system, shall be under the
general direction of the ICAO European Air Navigation Planning Group so as to ensure full coordination of
all regional activities regarding the development and operation of that system within the ICAO EUR Region
and its interfacing with adjacent regions and the global plan for the ICAO CNS/ATM system.

11.5.3         Specific policy issues emanating from the work of the ICAO European Air Navigation
Planning Group and matters of impact on other regions shall be submitted to the ICAO Council.

11.5.4          Any matters concerning the terms of reference of the ICAO European Air Navigation
Planning Group, its composition, working arrangements and position in ICAO shall be submitted to the
Council for consideration and appropriate action.
                                                  11 - 8


           AFI PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION REGIONAL GROUP (APIRG)
           (Doc 9529, LIM AFI (COM/MET/RAC) (1988), Item 10: Recommendation 10/6)


11.6   The provisions described hereunder shall be applicable to the AFI Planning and Implementation
Regional Group (APIRG). They shall supersede in toto those established when the Council of ICAO set up
APIRG in June 1980, as recommended by the Sixth AFI Regional Air Navigation Meeting 1979 (Action by
the Council on Recommendation 16/8 of the Sixth AFI Regional Air Navigation Meeting as shown in
Supplement No.1 to Doc 9198, AFI/6 refers).

11.7     TERMS OF REFERENCE OF THE APIRG

11.7.1         The Terms of Reference of the Group are:

               a) continuous and coherent development of the AFI Air Navigation Plan and other relevant
                  regional documentation in a manner that is harmonized with adjacent regions, consistent
                  with ICAO SARPs and reflecting global requirements;

               b) facilitate the implementation of air navigation systems and services as identified in the
                  AFI air navigation plan with due observance to the primacy of air safety and security;
                  and

               c) identification and addressing of specific deficiencies in the air navigation field.


11.7.2         In order to meet the Terms of Reference the Group shall:

               a) review, and propose when necessary, the target dates for implementation of facilities,
                  services and procedures to ensure the coordinated development of the Air Navigation
                  System in the AFI Region;

               b) assist the ICAO Regional Offices providing services in the AFI Region in their assisted
                  task of fostering implementation of the AFI Regional Air Navigation Plan;

               c) in line with the Global Aviation Safety Plan (GASP), ensure the conduct of any
                  necessary systems performance monitoring, identify specific deficiencies in the Air
                  Navigation field, especially in the context of safety and security, and propose corrective
                  action;

               d) ensure the development and implementation of an action plan by States to resolve
                  identified deficiencies, where necessary;

               e) promote, support and facilitate the regional implementation of AVSEC provisions;

               f) develop amendment proposals for the update of the AFI Air Navigation Plan necessary
                  to satisfy any changes in the requirements, thus removing the need for regular regional
                  air navigation meetings;
                                                     11 - 9

                g) monitor implementation of air navigation facilities and services and where necessary,
                   ensure interregional harmonization, taking due account of cost/benefit analysis, business
                   case development, environmental benefits and financing issues;

                h) examine human resource planning and training issues and ensure that the human
                   resource development capabilities in the region are compatible with the AFI Regional
                   Air Navigation Plan;

                i)   review the Statement of Basic Operational Requirements and Planning Criteria and
                     recommend to the Air Navigation Commission such changes to them as may be required
                     in the light of developments;

                j)   invite financial institutions, as required, on a consultative basis and at a time it considers
                     appropriate in the planning process to participate in this work;

                k) ensure close cooperation with relevant organizations and State grouping to optimize the
                   use of available expertise and resources; and

                l)   conduct the above activities in the most efficient manner possible with a minimum of
                     formality and documentation and call meetings of the APIRG only when the Secretary
                     and the Chairperson, through the Administration Coordination Group (ACG), are
                     convinced that it is necessary to do so.


11.8    SIZE OF THE GROUP AND DESIGNATION OF ITS MEMBERS

11.8.1         The group should be composed of approximately twenty-nine members from States in the
AFI Region, ensuring, however, a balanced representation of the region as a whole.

11.8.2         Groups of States suitably located in relation to each other should, if possible, make
arrangements for collective representation by one of them.

11.8.3           States should ensure that their designated representatives on the group have sound
experience in the provision of the full range of international air navigation systems and serve for a
sufficiently lengthy period of time in order to maintain continuity in the activities of the group. The
designated representative can be assisted, when required, by technical advisers during meetings of the group.

                Changes to membership and/or size of the group

11.8.4          Changes to the membership and/or size of the group may be proposed by any State located
in the AFI Region or by the group itself, and shall be subject to ICAO Council approval.

                Participation in the group's activities by other States

11.8.5           Other States located in the AFI Region and entitled to participate in AFI air navigation
meetings shall also be entitled to be represented at meetings of the group with full rights, if they so wish.
States should, however, take into account the need for keeping meetings of the group as small and as informal
as possible for efficiency purposes.
                                                    11 - 10

11.8.6           In addition, the group may invite States to participate in its meetings whenever it feels that
such States will be affected by specific aspects of the work of the group or when this will be of assistance
in the general conduct of its work.

11.8.7            Any State other than those mentioned in paragraphs 11.8, 11.8.5 and 11.8.6 above, having
aircraft on its register or an operator whose principal place of business or permanent residence is located in
such State, which operate in the AFI Region, shall have the right to participate in the meetings of the group
subject to the applicable provisions in paragraphs 11.8, 11.8.5 and 11.8.6 above.

11.8.8           States not covered by the provisions in paragraphs 11.8, 11.8.5 and 11.8.6 above may
participate as observers in meetings of the group, subject to the applicable provisions in those paragraphs.


                 Participation by international organizations

11.8.9          The group shall normally invite representatives of international organizations recognized
by Council as representing important civil aviation interests to participate in the work of the group in a
consultative capacity.

                 Creation and dissolution of contributory bodies

11.8.10         In order to assist it in its planning and implementation work, the group may create
contributory bodies (sub-groups), charged with preparatory work on specifically defined problems.
Representation in such sub-groups should be by specialists in the subjects concerned and familiar with the
area under consideration. The establishment and the work of such sub-groups shall be governed by the
following considerations:

                 a) a sub-group shall only be formed when it has been clearly established that it is likely to
                    be able to make a substantial contribution to the resolution of the problem in question;

                 b) it shall be given clear and concise terms of reference describing not only its task but also
                    an expected target date for its completion;

                 c) its composition shall be such that, while being kept as small as possible, all States
                    (whether or not they are members of the APIRG) and organizations likely to be able to
                    make valid contributions are given the opportunity to participate in it;

                 d) its work progress shall be subject to review by the group, especially in order to avoid
                    duplication of effort in fields already covered by other activities; and

                 e) a sub-group shall be dissolved as soon as it has either completed its assigned task or it
                    has become apparent that work on the subject in question cannot be usefully continued.



                                                  --------
                                                 11 - 11

    CAR/SAM REGIONAL PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION GROUP (GREPECAS)
                (Doc 9543, CAR/SAM/2 (1989), Recommendation 14/6)

11.9  The provisions described hereunder shall be applicable to the CAR/SAM Regional Planning and
Implementation Group (GREPECAS).

11.10     TERMS OF REFERENCE OF GREPECAS

11.10.1        The Terms of Reference of the Group are:

               a) continuous and coherent development of the CAR/SAM Air Navigation Plan and other
                  relevant regional documentation in a manner that is harmonized with adjacent regions,
                  consistent with ICAO SARPs and reflecting global requirements;

               b) facilitate the implementation of air navigation systems and services as identified in the
                  CAR/SAM air navigation plan with due observance to the primacy of air safety and
                  security; and

               c) identification and addressing of specific deficiencies in the air navigation field.


11.10.2        In order to meet the Terms of Reference the Group shall:

               a) review, and propose when necessary, the target dates for implementation of facilities,
                  services and procedures to ensure the coordinated development of the Air Navigation
                  System in the CAR and SAM Regions;

               b) assist the ICAO Regional Offices providing services in the CAR and SAM Regions in
                  their assigned task of fostering implementation of the CAR/SAM Regional Air
                  Navigation Plan;

               c) in line with the Global Aviation Safety Plan (GASP), ensure the conduct of any
                  necessary systems performance monitoring, identify specific deficiencies in the Air
                  Navigation field, especially in the context of safety and security, and propose corrective
                  action;

               d) ensure the development and implementation of an action plan by States to resolve
                  identified deficiencies, where necessary;

               e) promote, support and facilitate the regional implementation of AVSEC provisions;

               f) develop amendment proposals for the update of the CAR/SAM Air Navigation Plan
                  necessary to satisfy any changes in the requirements, thus removing the need for regular
                  regional air navigation meetings;

               g) monitor implementation of air navigation facilities and services and where necessary,
                  ensure interregional harmonization, taking due account of cost/benefit analysis, business
                  case development, environmental benefits and financing issues;

               h) examine human resource planning and training issues and ensure that the human
                  resource development capabilities in the region are compatible with the CAR/SAM
                  Regional Air Navigation Plan;
                                                     11 - 12

                 i)   review the Statement of Basic Operational Requirements and Planning Criteria and
                      recommend to the Air Navigation Commission such changes to them as may be required
                      in the light of developments;

                 j)   invite financial institutions, as required, on a consultative basis and at a time it considers
                      appropriate in the planning process to participate in this work;

                 k) ensure close cooperation with relevant organizations and State grouping to optimize the
                    use of available expertise and resources; and

                 l)   conduct the above activities in the most efficient manner possible with a minimum of
                      formality and documentation and call meetings of the GREPECAS only when the
                      Secretary and the Chairperson, through the Administration Coordination Group (ACG),
                      are convinced that it is necessary to do so.


11.11   SIZE OF THE GROUP AND DESIGNATION OF ITS MEMBERS

11.11.1      The group should be composed of approximately eighteen members from States in the CAR
and SAM Regions, ensuring, however, a balanced representation of both regions in their entirety.

11.11.2        Groups of States suitably located in relation to each other should, if possible, make
arrangements for collective representation by one of them.

11.11.3          States should ensure that their designated representatives on the group have sound
experience in the provision of the full range of international air navigation systems and serve for a
sufficiently lengthy period of time in order to maintain continuity in the activities of the group. The
designated representative can be assisted, when required, by technical advisers during meetings of the group.

                 Changes to membership and/or size of the group

11.11.4        Changes to the membership and/or size of the group may be proposed by any State located
in the CAR and SAM Regions or by the group itself, and shall be subject to ICAO Council approval.

                 Participation in the group's activities by other States

11.11.5            Other States located in the CAR and SAM Regions and entitled to participate in CAR/SAM
Regional Air Navigation meetings shall also be entitled to be represented at meetings of the group with full
rights, if they so wish. States should, however, take into account the need for keeping meetings of the group
as small and as informal as possible for efficiency purposes.

11.11.6          In addition, the group may invite States to participate in its meetings whenever it feels that
such States will be affected by specific aspects of the work of the group or when this will be of assistance
in the general conduct of its work.

11.11.7          Any State other than those mentioned in paragraphs 11.11, 11.11.5 and 11.11.6 above,
having aircraft on its register or an operator whose principal place of business or permanent residence is
located in such State, which operate into the CAR and SAM Regions shall have the right to participate in the
meetings of the group subject to the applicable provisions in paragraphs 11.11, 11.11.5 and 11.11.6 above.

11.11.8          States not covered by the provisions in paragraphs 11.11.5, 11.11.5 and 11.11.6 above may
participate as observers in meetings of the group, subject to the applicable provisions in those paragraphs.
                                                   11 - 13

                Participation by international organizations

11.11.9        The group shall normally invite representatives of international organizations recognized
by Council as representing important civil aviation interests to participate in its work in a consultative
capacity.

                Creation and dissolution of contributory bodies

11.11.10             In order to assist in its planning and implementation work, the group may create
contributory bodies (sub-groups), charged with preparatory work on specifically defined problems requiring
expert advice for their resolution. Representation in such sub-groups should be by specialists in the subjects
concerned and familiar with the area under consideration. The establishment and the work of such
sub-groups shall be governed by the following considerations:

                a) a sub-group shall only be formed when it has been clearly established that it is likely to
                   be able to make a substantial contribution to the resolution of the problem in question;

                b) it shall be given clear and concise terms of reference describing not only its task but also
                   an expected target date for its completion;

                c) its composition shall be such that, while being kept as small as possible, all States
                   (whether or not they are members of the CAR/SAM Regional Planning and
                   Implementation Group itself) and organizations likely to be able to make valid
                   contributions are given the opportunity to participate in it;

                d) its work progress shall be subject to review by the group, especially in order to avoid
                   duplication of efforts in fields already covered by other activities; and

                e) a sub-group shall be dissolved as soon as it has either completed its assigned task or it
                   has become apparent that work on the subject in question cannot be usefully continued.

11.12   POSITION IN ICAO

11.12.1          The group shall be the guiding and coordinating organ for all activities conducted within
ICAO concerning the Air Navigation System for the CAR and SAM Region but shall not assume authority
vested in other ICAO bodies, except where such bodies have specifically delegated their authority to the
group. The activities of the group shall be subject to review by the Council.

11.12.2         The work of all groups established and meetings (excluding limited, special or full-scale
RAN meetings) held within the framework of ICAO, concerned with the CAR/SAM air navigation system,
shall be coordinated with the GREPECAS so as to ensure full harmonization with all regional activities
regarding the development and operation of the CAR/SAM system.




                                               ----------
                                                  11 - 14



            ASIA/PACIFIC AIR NAVIGATION PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION
                             REGIONAL GROUP (APANPIRG)
                     (C-WP/9321, C-WP/9343 and C 133/19)

11.13     ROLE OF THE GROUP

11.13.1        The provisions described hereunder shall be applicable to the ASIA/PAC Air Navigation
Planning and Implementation Regional Group (APANPIRG).

11.14     TERMS OF REFERENCE OF THE APANPIRG

11.14.1         The Terms of Reference of the Group are:

                a) to ensure continuous and coherent development of the Asia/Pacific Regional Air
                   Navigation Plan and other relevant regional documentation in a manner that is
                   harmonized with adjacent regions, consistent with ICAO SARPs and Global Air
                   Navigation Plan for CNS/ATM systems (Doc 9750) and reflecting global requirements;

                b) to facilitate the implementation of air navigation systems and services as identified in
                   the Asia/Pacific Regional Air Navigation Plan with due observance to the primacy of
                   air safety, regularity and efficiency; and

                c) to identify and address specific deficiencies in the air navigation field.

11.14.2         In order to meet the Terms of Reference, the Group shall:

                a) review, and propose when necessary, the target dates for implementation of facilities,
                   services and procedures to facilitate the coordinated development of the Air Navigation
                   Systems in the Asia/Pacific Region;

                b) assist the ICAO Asia/Pacific Regional Office in fostering the implementation of the
                   Asia/Pacific Regional Air Navigation Plan;

                c)    in line with the Global Aviation Safety Plan (GASP), facilitate the conduct of any
                     necessary systems performance monitoring, identify specific deficiencies in the air
                     navigation field, especially in the context of safety, and propose corrective action;

                d) facilitate the development and implementation of action plans by States to resolve
                   identified deficiencies, where necessary;

                e) develop amendment proposals to update the Asia/Pacific Regional Air Navigation Plan
                   to reflect changes in the operational requirements;

                f) monitor implementation of air navigation facilities and services and where necessary,
                   ensure interregional harmonization, taking due account of organizational aspects,
                   economic issues (including financial aspects, cost/benefit analyses and business case
                   studies) and environmental matters;

                g) examine human resource planning and training issues and propose where necessary
                   human resource development capabilities in the region that are compatible with the
                   Asia/Pacific regional Air Navigation Plan;
                                                    11 - 15

                 h) review the Statement of Basic Operational Requirements and Planning Criteria and
                    recommend to the Air Navigation Commission such changes as may be required in the
                    light of new developments in the air navigation field;

                 i)   request financial institutions, on a consultative basis as appropriate to provide advice
                      in the planning process;

                 j)   maintain close cooperation with relevant organizations and State grouping to optimize
                      the use of available expertise and resources; and

                 k) conduct the above activities in the most efficient manner possible with a minimum of
                    formality and documentation and call meetings of the APANPIRG when deemed
                    necessary to do so.


11.15   SIZE OF THE GROUP AND DESIGNATION OF ITS MEMBERS

11.15.1             The group should be composed of approximately fifteen members from States in the Asia
and Pacific Regions to ensure a balanced representation of both regions in their entirety.

11.15.2              Groups of States suitably located in relation to each other should, if possible, arrange
for collective representation by one of them.

11.15.3               States should ensure that their designated representatives on the group have sound
experience in the provision of the full range of international air navigation systems and serve for a
sufficiently lengthy period to maintain continuity in the activities of the group. The designated representative
can be assisted, when required, by technical advisers during meetings of the group.

                      Changes to membership and/or size of the group

11.15.4             Changes to the membership and/or size of the group may be proposed by any State
located in the Asia and Pacific Regions or by the group itself. Such changes shall be subject to ICAO
Council approval.

                      Participation in the group's activities by other States

11.15.5                Other States located in the Asia and Pacific Regions which are entitled to participate in
the Asia/Pacific Regional Air Navigation Meetings are entitled to participate at meetings of the group with
full rights, if they so wish. States should consider the need for keeping meetings of the group as small and
as informal as possible for efficiency purposes.

11.15.6               The group may invite States to participate in its meetings whenever it feels that such
States will be affected by specific aspects of the work of the group or when this will be of assistance in the
general conduct of its work.

11.15.7               Any State other than those mentioned in paragraphs 11.15, 11.15.5 and 11.15.6 above,
having aircraft on its register or an operator whose principle place of business or permanent residence is in
a State which operates into the Asia and Pacific Regions shall have the right to participate in the meetings
of the group. This shall be subject to the applicable provisions in paragraphs 11.15, 11.15.5 and 11.15.6
above.

11.15.8              States not covered by the provisions in paragraphs 11.15, 11.15.5 and 11.15.6 above may
participate as observers in meetings of the group, subject to the applicable provisions in those paragraphs.
                                                    11 - 16


                     Participation by international organizations

11.15.9             The group shall normally invite representatives of international organizations recognized
by the Council as representing important civil aviation interests to participate in its work in a consultative
capacity.

                     Creation and dissolution of contributory bodies

11.15.10              To assist in its planning and implementation work, the group may create contributory
bodies (sub-groups), charged with preparatory work on specifically defined problems requiring expert advice
for their resolution. Representation in such sub-groups should be by specialists in the subjects concerned
and familiar with the area under consideration. The establishment and the work of sub-groups shall be
governed by the following considerations:

                     a) a sub-group shall be formed when it has is clearly established that it can make a
                        substantial contribution to the resolution of the problem(s) in question;

                     b) it shall be given clear and concise terms of reference describing not only its task but
                        also an expected target date for its completion;

                     c) its composition shall be such that, while being kept as small as possible, all States
                        (whether or not they are members of the APANPIRG itself) and organizations
                        which can make valid contributions are given the opportunity to participate in it;

                     d) its work progress and coordination requirements shall be subject to review by the
                        group to avoid duplication of effort in fields already covered by other activities; and

                     e) a sub-group shall be dissolved when it has either completed its assigned task or it
                        has become apparent that work on the subject in question cannot be usefully
                        continued.

11.16   POSITION WITHIN ICAO

11.16.1              The group shall be the guiding and coordinating organ for all activities conducted within
ICAO concerning the Air Navigation System for the Asia and Pacific Regions. However it shall not assume
authority vested in other ICAO bodies, except where such bodies have specifically delegated their authority
to the group. The activities of the group shall be subject to review by the Council.

11.16.2             The work of groups established and meetings (excluding limited, special or full-scale
RAN meetings) held within the framework of ICAO, concerned with the Asia and Pacific air navigation
system, shall be coordinated with the APANPIRG to ensure full harmonization with all regional activities
regarding the development and operation of the ASIA/PAC system.

                                              ---------------------
                                                  11 - 17

                       MIDDLE EAST AIR NAVIGATION PLANNING
                 AND IMPLEMENTATION REGIONAL GROUP (MIDANPIRG)
                          (Appendix B to C-WP/9819 and C 140/7)


11.17     ROLE OF THE GROUP

11.17.1        The provisions described hereunder shall be applicable to the MID Regional Air Navigation
Planning and Implementation Group (MIDANPIRG).

11.18     TERMS OF REFERENCE OF THE MIDANPIRG

11.18.1         The Terms of Reference of the Group are:

                a)      to ensure continuous and coherent development of the Middle East Regional Air
                        Navigation Plan and other relevant regional documentation in a manner that is
                        harmonized with adjacent regions, consistent with ICAO SARPs and Global Air
                        Navigation Plan for CNS/ATM systems (Doc 9750) and reflecting global
                        requirements;

                b)      to facilitate the implementation of air navigation systems and services as identified
                        in the Middle East Regional Air Navigation Plan with due observance to the
                        primacy of air safety, regularity and efficiency; and

                c)      to identify and address specific deficiencies in the air navigation field.

11.18.2         In order to meet the Terms of Reference, the Group shall:

                a)      review, and propose when necessary, the target dates for implementation of
                        facilities, services and procedures to ensure the coordinated development of the Air
                        Navigation System in the Middle East Region;

                b)      assist the ICAO Middle East Regional Office in fostering the implementation of the
                        Middle East Regional Air Navigation Plan;

                c)      in line with the Global Aviation Safety Plan (GASP), ensure the conduct of any
                        necessary systems performance monitoring, identify specific deficiencies in the Air
                        Navigation field, especially in the context of safety and security, and propose
                        corrective action;

                d)      facilitate the development and implementation of an action plan by States to resolve
                        identified deficiencies, where necessary;

                e)      promote, support and facilitate the regional implementation of AVSEC provisions;

                f)      develop amendment proposals for the update of the Middle East Regional Air
                        Navigation Plan to reflect changes in the operational requirements;

                g)      monitor implementation of air navigation facilities and services and where
                        necessary, ensure interregional harmonization, taking due account of organizational
                        aspects, economic issues (including financial aspects, cost/benefit analyses and
                        business case studies) and environmental matters;
                                                   11 - 18

                 h)      examine human resource planning and training issues and propose where necessary
                         human resource development capabilities in the region that are compatible with the
                         Middle East Regional Air Navigation Plan;

                 i)      review the Statement of Basic Operational Requirements and Planning Criteria and
                         recommend to the Air Navigation Commission such changes to them as may be
                         required in light of new developments;

                 j)      request financial institutions, on a consultative basis as appropriate to provide
                         advice in the planning process;

                 k)      maintain close cooperation with relevant organizations and State grouping to
                         optimize the use of available expertise and resources;

                 l)      conduct the above activities in the most efficient manner possible with a minimum
                         of formality and documentation and call meetings of the MIDANPIRG, when it is
                         necessary to do so; and

                 m)      invite senior officials of the State, as required, to seek the endorsement of regional
                         air navigation plans, expeditious implementation of air navigation systems elements
                         and the resolution of air navigation deficiencies.

11.19   SIZE OF THE GROUP AND DESIGNATION OF ITS MEMBERS

11.19.1        The group should be composed of approximately eight members from States in the MID
Region, ensuring, however, a balanced representation of the region as a whole.

11.19.2        Groups of States located in close proximity to each other should, if possible, make
arrangements for collective representation by one of them.

11.19.3          States should ensure that their designated representatives on the group have sound
experience in the provision of the full range of international air navigation systems and should serve for a
sufficiently lengthy period of time in order to maintain continuity in the activities of the group. The
designated representative can be assisted, when required, by technical advisers during meetings of the group.

                 Changes to membership and/or size of the group

11.19.4        Changes to the membership and/or size of the group may be proposed by any State located
in the MID Region or by the group itself. These changes shall be subject to ICAO Council approval.

                 Participation in the group's activities by other States

11.19.5          Other States located in the MID Region and entitled to participate in MID air navigation
meetings shall also be entitled to be represented at meetings of the group with full rights, if they so wish.
States should, however, take into account the need for keeping meetings of the group as small and as informal
as possible for efficiency purposes.

11.19.6          In addition, the group may invite States to participate in its meetings whenever it feels that
such States will be affected by specific aspects of the work of the group, or when this will be of assistance
in the general conduct of its work.
                                                   11 - 19

11.19.7         Any State other than those mentioned in paragraphs 11.19, 11.19.5 and 11.19.6 above,
having aircraft on its register which operate into the MID Region, shall have the right to participate as
observers in the meetings of the group subject to the applicable provisions in paragraphs 11.19, 11.19.5
and 11.19.6 above.

                Participation by international organizations

11.19.8         The group shall normally invite representatives of international organizations recognized
by the Council as representing important civil aviation interests to participate in its work in a consultative
capacity.

                Creation and dissolution of contributory bodies

11.19.9        In order to assist it, the group may create contributory bodies (sub-groups), charged with
preparatory work on specific problems requiring expert advice for their resolution. Representation in such
sub-groups should be by specialists in the subjects under consideration. The establishment and the work of
such sub-groups shall be governed by the following considerations:

                a) a sub-group shall only be formed when it has been clearly established that it is likely to
                   be able to make a substantial contribution to the resolution of the problem in question;

                b) a sub-group shall be given clear and concise terms of reference describing not only its
                   task but also an expected target date for its completion;

                c) the sub-group's composition shall be such that, while being kept as small as possible,
                   all States (whether or not they are members) and organizations likely to be able to make
                   valid contributions are given the opportunity to participate in the sub-group;

                d) the sub-group's work progress shall be subject to review by the group, especially in
                   order to avoid duplication of effort in fields already covered by other activities; and

                e) a sub-group shall be dissolved as soon as it has either completed its assigned task or it
                   has become apparent that work on the subject in question cannot be usefully continued.

11.20   POSITION IN ICAO

11.20.1          The group shall be the guiding and co-ordinating organ for all activities conducted within
ICAO concerning the Air Navigation field in the MID Region, but shall not assume authority vested in other
ICAO bodies except where such bodies have specifically delegated authority to the group. The activities of
the group shall be subject to review by the Council of ICAO.

11.20.2          The work of all groups or meetings (excluding limited, special or full-scale RAN meetings)
established and the results of meetings held within the framework of ICAO, concerned with the MID air
navigation systems, shall be coordinated with the group so as to ensure full harmonization of all regional
activities regarding the development and operation of these systems and to avoid duplication of efforts.




                                            !!!!!!!!!!
                                                                 PART 12 -            PIRGs Structures

                                             APANPIRG               MIDANPIRG                  EANPG                         APIRG                       NATSPG                 GREPECAS

Number of PIRG sub-groups                          3                      4                       7                             4                            4                        6
Date of last meeting                       04/08 to 08/08/03      07/09 to 11/09/03        1/12 to 4/12/03              23/06 to 27/06/03            61706 to 19/06/03         3/12 to 7/12/02
Number of the last meeting (seniority)            14                      8                      44                            14                           39                        11
Frequency of meetings                           1 year                 1 year                  1 year                      18 months                      1 year                   1 year
Number of States members of                       17                      8                      20                            29                            9                        18
the PIRG
Number of HQ officers                              1                     2                        1                             2                            1                       1
attending the last PIRG
Number of officers from R.O                        7                     7                        7                            13                            3                       9
attending the last PIRG
Number of international                            4                     4                        8                             5                            6                       5
organizations attending
Operating languages of PIRGs                    English               English          English, French, Russian          English, French          English, French, Russian    English, Spanish

Number of SIPs                            1 MET (Volcanic Ash)    1 CNS/ATM (RVSM)      1 PANS-OPS, 1 WGS-84      2 CNS/ATM (RVSM/RNAV/RNP)                none                   1 WGS-84
                                                                                                                                                                             2 ATS Quality
                                         1 CNS/ATM (RNAV)                                                         1 ATN &GNSS                                                Assurance
                                                                                                                  1 Human Resource Planning and
                                                                                                                  Training




                                                                                       States Contribution

                                             BANGKOK                  CAIRO                    DAKAR                          LIMA                       MEXICO                  NAIROBI         PARIS

Number of States accredited                       35                     19                      24                            14                           21                       23            51
accredited to regional office
States contributions to ICAO                   24.34%                  2.98%                  1.44%                          3.58%                       29.24%                   1.84%          36.58%
Regional bodies                                 none                    none                  AFCAC                          LACAC                        none                     none           ECAC
Number of missions to States                     33                      13                     34                             47                          48                       50              4
                               PART 13
            REGIONAL DEVELOPMENTS IN AIR NAVIGATION SYSTEMS


       SUMMARY OF THE CURRENT SITUATION IN THE ASIA/PACIFIC REGIONS
              PERTAINING TO PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION
                OF AIR NAVIGATION FACILITIES AND SERVICES


                With a view to facilitating the review of the report of the fourteenth meeting of the
Asia/Pacific Air Navigation Planning and Implementation Regional Group (APANPIRG/14), the major
developments in the field of Air Navigation in the Asia/Pacific Regions are summarized as follows:

               1) Responding to the statement made by the President of the Council at the Air
                  Navigation Commission (ANC) on 16 October 2002 with regard to increasing the
                  efficiency and effectiveness of PIRGs, APANPIRG reviewed its role and working
                  methods and consequently proposed revised terms of reference.

               2) The implementation of RVSM in the Bay of Bengal and beyond in conjunction with
                  a similar introduction in the MID Region was successfully completed on
                  27 November 2003. This has not only resulted in considerable safety, operational,
                  economic, environmental and passenger service benefits but also could make it
                  possible to achieve a seamless RVSM environment between Asia and Europe through
                  the Middle East (except Kabul and Baghdad FIRs), without transition areas.

               3) While adopting Mode S Extended Squitter as the data link for ADS-B in the near-term,
                  the States of the Asia/Pacific Region were encouraged to implement air-to-ground
                  ADS-B with a target date of January 2006.

               4) The deficiencies of the Asia/Pacific Regions were reviewed and addressed as a part of
                  APANPIRG’s work programme resulting in substantial improvements in the
                  elimination of deficiencies. The draft regional procedures for identification,
                  assessment, reporting and monitoring of the status of air navigation deficiencies as a
                  supplement to the uniform methodology was developed and sent to States for
                  comments. It is scheduled to be finalized by early 2004 for its implementation by
                  States.

               5) On the subject of protection of the aeronautical frequency spectrum, the Asia/Pacific
                  Regions are continuing to address this issue in a number of fora, such as meetings of
                  DGCAs and APT regional preparatory meetings.

               6) Recognizing the need for an airspace system performance monitoring structure for the
                  Asia/Pacific Region, which would provide a framework for safety monitoring services
                  for the implementation of reduced separation minima and CNS/ATM applications such
                  as ADS and controller-pilot data link communications (CPDLC), the meeting
                  established a Regional Airspace Safety Monitoring Advisory Group with immediate
                  effect.

               7) Considerable progress has been made with regard to Cross Polar Route System thus
                  providing additional benefits to both the users and service providers.
                                               13 - 2

             8) The States are preparing for migration to the operational use of GRIB and BUFR-coded
                WAFS products. In this regard, SADIS and international satellite communications
                system (ISCS) provider States were invited to provide required training in coordination
                with ICAO and WMO.

             9) The SADIS second generation broadcast system was endorsed for its implementation.

             10) The strategy for the provision of precision approach and landing guidance system as
                 well for the implementation of GNSS navigation capability in Asia/Pacific Region was
                 updated.



Achievements during 2002-2003

            1)   On 21 February 2002, as a part of RVSM introduction in Western Pacific/South China
                 Sea, Phase I was implemented in the airspace of Phnom Penh, Kuala Lumpur, Kota
                 Kinabalu, Manila, Singapore, Bangkok, Ho Chi Minh FIRs; and on N892 (within the
                 oceanic airspace of the Sanya AOR). The implementation of Phase 2 in the following
                 airspace of Hong Kong, Bali, Jakarta, Ujung Pandang, Vientiane, Ha Noi FIRs and in
                 the rest of the oceanic airspace of the Sanya AOR was completed on 31 October 2002.

            2)   To gain benefits in terms of safety, efficiency and capacity enhancements, the
                 EMARSSH (Europe, Middle East, Asia Route Structure South of Himalayas) project,
                 which entails restructuring of international ATS routes, taking into account
                 RNP/RNAV and RVSM implementation, was established in 2000. The project involved
                 intensive consultations with 32 States and international organizations as well as the
                 Middle East and European Regions. Essential to the successful conclusion of the
                 project was effective civil/military coordination carried out by many of the States. This
                 revised ATS route structure was commissioned effective 28 November 2002.

            3)   Developed the Contingency Routing Scheme for Asia/Middle East/Europe – 2003
                 (CRAME-03) with the objectives of ensuring continued safety of air navigation within
                 FIRs affected by airspace closures and minimizing effects on international civil air
                 transportation in the event of military action occurring in Middle East area. This
                 contingency scheme was designed in coordination with Middle East and Europe
                 Regional Offices and IATA and contain multiple options that could be used for varying
                 scenarios.
                                                       13 - 3


     SUMMARY OF THE CURRENT SITUATION IN THE AFRICA-INDIAN OCEAN REGION
                PERTAINING TO PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION
                 OF AIR NAVIGATION FACILITIES AND SERVICES


                  With a view to facilitating the review of the report of the fourteenth meeting of the Africa-Indian
Ocean Planning and Implementation Regional Group, the major developments in the field of Air Navigation in
the Africa-Indian Ocean Region are summarized as follows.

                  1) The AFI Region remains focussed on the implementation of regional air navigation plans
                     and associated ICAO provisions, including the remedial actions required for the
                     elimination of deficiencies.

                  2) South Africa (Johannesburg and Capetown) and France (Ile de la Réunion) have received
                     specific indications from airlines indicating the intention to operate new larger aeroplanes
                     (NLAs), in particular the A380.

                  3) Public data networks (PDNs) or integrated services digital networks (ISDNS) when
                     performance, availability and cost-effectiveness ratio are demonstrably equivalent or
                     higher than dedicated circuits are being used to overcome temporary disruption.

                  4) The Internet is being used, if States experience difficulties with communication facilities,
                     to exchange data in the context of non-time critical applications.

                  5) Steps are being taken aimed at extending the VHF coverage via remote VHF stations.

                  6) RVSM is scheduled to be implemented by the AIRAC cycle date of January 2005, after
                     the development of an implementation strategy to be circulated to States and relevant
                     international organizations for comment by March 2004. A go/no go decision will be
                     taken in September 2004.

                  7) An expert, funded by all the users, supported by IATA and Air Navigation Service
                     providers, will drive the RVSM project and work in close concert through the regional
                     mechanism with ICAO.

                  8) Safety management systems are being implemented.

                  9) A pre-operational GNSS SBAS system will be deployment as a first step to an operational
                     system that will function as an extension of the EGNOS system.

                  10) APIRG restructured and reduced the number of sub-groups to ATM, CNS, MET and AOP
                      and noted the possibility of the MET component of ATM to be addressed by the ATM
                      sub-group as a further reduction.

                  11) In order to respond to the changing needs called for, APIRG proposed a revision to its
                      terms of reference.
                                                  13 - 4

           SUMMARY OF THE CURRENT SITUATION IN THE EUROPEAN REGION
                 PERTAINING TO PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION
                  OF AIR NAVIGATION FACILITIES AND SERVICES


               The major developments in the field of air navigation in the European Region, which are taken
from the 44th meeting (EANPG/44), are summarized as follows:

                 1) Responding to the statement made by the President of the Council at the Air
                     Navigation Commission on 16 October 2002 with regard to increasing the efficiency
                     and effectiveness of PIRGs, EANPG reviewed its role and working methods and
                     consequently proposed a revised terms of reference.

                 2) A single European upper flight information region (UIR) above flight level (FL) 285,
                    with effect from January 2005 is to be established.

                 3) A division of the European (EUR) Region into component parts was considered highly
                    undesirable and should be avoided.

                 4) A coordinated plan to expand RVSM in the EUR Region should be developed and that
                    a common implementation date should be agreed upon.

                 5) The development of the Aeronautical Information Management Strategy as part of a
                    seamless global information management concept that should encompass all airspace
                    users and all phases of flight was agreed to.

                 6) With regard to deficiencies, specifically in connection with the implementation of
                    RVSM, the presence of non-RVSM-approved civil aircraft in RVSM airspace due to
                    either flight planning errors or deliberate abuse of the system was noted with concern.

                 7) Several of the most important current regional activities — such as “Single European
                    Sky”, airspace harmonization issues, RVSM safety performance monitoring and
                    8.33 kHz channel-spacing — would require annual meetings for their successful
                    advancement.
                                                   13 - 5


    SUMMARY OF THE CURRENT SITUATION IN THE CARIBBEAN/SOUTH AMERICAN
          REGIONS PERTAINING TO PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION
                OF AIR NAVIGATION FACILITIES AND SERVICES


               With a view to facilitating the review of the report of the eleventh meeting of the CAR/SAM
Regional Planning and Implementation Group, the major developments in the field of Air Navigation in the
CAR/SAM Regions are summarized as follows:

               1) Implementation of reduced vertical separation minima (RVSM) has been agreed in the
                  CAR/SAM regions in conjunction with planned implementation in the NAM Region (in
                  order to realize end-to-end seamless RVSM operations between North and South America
                  through the Caribbean) with a target date of 20 January 2005.

               2) Responding to the statement made by the President of the Council at the ANC on
                  16 October 2002 with regard to increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of planning and
                  implementation regional groups (PIRGs), the GREPECAS reviewed its role and working
                  methods and consequently proposed revised terms of reference.

               3) The CAR/SAM regional monitoring agency has been established and was assigned to
                  Brazil.

               4) On the subject of protection of the aeronautical frequency spectrum, the region is
                  addressing this issue in a number of fora, such as meetings of Directors General of Civil
                  Aviation, Inter-American Telecommunication Commission (CITEL) and regional
                  preparatory meetings.

               5) The agenda for the upcoming Eleventh Air Navigation Conference was reviewed and
                  input for the conference would be developed.

               6) A CAR/SAM regional bird hazard prevention committee will be established by December
                  2003 and the establishment of committees at aerodromes and national levels is being
                  pursued.

               7) SBAS trials in the CAR/SAM region using the EGNOS platform is scheduled for
                  completion by the end of 2004.

               8) Reciprocal exchange of information between GREPECAS and Latin American Civil
                  Aviation Conference (LACAC) so as to assist in harmonizing regional AVSEC efforts of
                  the two bodies was agreed to.

               9) The deficiencies of the CAR/SAM Regions were reviewed as a part of the GREPECAS
                  work programme. The States were urged to develop and implement an action plan for each
                  deficiency and provide information to the regional office that includes specifying corrective
                  measures taken, indicating the completion date and describing any difficulties encountered
                  in addressing deficiencies. Furthermore, to expedite the process of resolving the
                  deficiencies, a project outline that describes a safety assessment tool for analysing and
                  prioritizing the deficiencies was developed.

               10) States were encouraged to develop a national search and rescue plan in line with the
                   CAR/SAM ANP.
                                 13 - 6

11) Regional guidance material for the exchange of SSR data has been developed.

12) Formulation of a regional strategy for the introduction of ATM automation in the
    CAR/SAM regions is under development.

13) The current protocol X.25 used in the ISCS broadcast will be changed to the Internet
    Protocol and, consequently, there is a requirement to purchase new workstations by the
    States during the year 2003 to be able to continue receiving WAFS and OPMET data
    through ISCS broadcast operated by WAFC, Washington.
                                                   13 - 7




             SUMMARY OF THE CURRENT SITUATION IN THE MIDDLE EAST
           REGION PERTAINING TO PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION OF AIR
                      NAVIGATION FACILITIES AND SERVICES


                 With a view to facilitating the review of the report of the eighth meeting of the MID Air
Navigation Planning and Implementation Regional Group (MIDANPIRG/8), the major developments in the field
of air navigation in the MID Region are summarized below.

                1)   Responding to the statement made by the President of the Council at the Air Navigation
                     Commission on 16 October 2002 with regard to increasing the efficiency and
                     effectiveness of PIRGs, MIDANPIRG reviewed its role and working methods and
                     consequently proposed a revised terms of reference.

                2)   The draft Middle East ANP and FASID was finalized and subsequently circulated, in
                     PDF format via CD-ROM, to all the States of the MID Region and relevant
                     international organizations. The working version is also available on ICAO-NET.

                3)   The implementation of RVSM in the MID Region in conjunction with a similar
                     introduction in the Bay of Bengal and beyond was successfully completed on
                     27 November 2003. This has not only resulted in considerable safety, operational,
                     economic, environmental and passenger service benefits but also provided an
                     end-to-end Asia/Europe RVSM environment through the Middle East, without
                     transition areas.

                4)   A Middle East Central Monitoring Agency (MECMA) was established initially with
                     a focus on monitoring RVSM implementation. Subsequently, the terms of reference of
                     MECMA were revisited to include additional tasks for carrying out safety and airspace
                     monitoring in respect of RNP and RNAV implementation. MECMA has been
                     established and staffed by the United Arab Emirates, which is prepared to bear all the
                     costs until 1 June 2004.

                5)   A feasibility study for establishing a Middle East Regional VSAT-based ground-ground
                     network for data/voice communications, which serves as an important step in planning
                     for transition to CNS/ATM systems, has been completed. The next step calls for the
                     Middle East States to obtain necessary authorization from the respective
                     telecommunications regulatory authorities and to provide feedback in order to proceed
                     with the design phase of the project.

                6)   An aeronautical telecommunication network (ATN) transition plan and related
                     technical/planning documentation are under development, with initial focus on
                     ground-ground applications such as ATS message handling system (AMHS) and ATS
                     interfacility data communications (AIDC).

                7)   A survey on automation of AIS by the States of MID Region has been put in place with
                     a view to developing a regional approach to automation.

                8)   A regional risk assessment study on bird strike hazard to safety of aircraft operations
                     has been commissioned.
                                                13 - 8


              9)   The Middle East regional plan for CNS/ATM systems has been reviewed and updated.

              10) The SADIS second generation broadcast system was endorsed for its implementation.

              11) The deficiencies of the MID Region were reviewed and addressed as a part of
                  MIDANPIRG’s work programme. There has been substantial improvements in the
                  elimination of deficiencies. Furthermore, to expedite the process of resolving the
                  deficiencies, a dedicated Safety Working Group has been established.

              12) The integration of MER TFG (thus far, a separate entity) into MIDANPIRG as a
                  subgroup has been proposed; reorganization is subject to approval by the Council.

              13) On the subject of protection of the aeronautical frequency spectrum, the MID Region
                  is continuing to address this issue in a number of fora, such as the League of Arab
                  States as well as regional preparatory meetings.


Achievements during 2002-2003

              1)   RNP and RNAV areas instead of RNP/RNAV routes in the airspace of the Middle East
                   were implemented effective 28 November 2002. This has resulted in flexible routing
                   and shorter paths thereby leading to fuel savings for aircraft operators.

              2)   In addition to revising the ATS routes transiting the MID Region under the framework
                   of the EMARSSH (Europe/Middle East/Asia Route Structure South of Himalayas)
                   project, the ATS routes within the MID Region were reviewed and restructured
                   effective 28 November 2002. Extensive interregional coordination was the key to the
                   success of this enormous undertaking which has provided shorter routes for the users
                   from Asia to Europe through the Middle East and consequent fuel savings. In order to
                   provide seamlessness, both these projects were coordinated in advance so as to effect
                   simultaneous implementation in the Asia/Pacific, Middle East and European Regions.

              3)   The Contingency Routing Scheme for Asia/Middle East/Europe – 2003 (CRAME-03)
                   has been developed with the objectives of ensuring continued safety of air navigation
                   within flight information regions (FIRs) affected by airspace closures and of
                   minimizing effects on international civil air transportation in the event of military
                   action occurring in the Middle East. This contingency scheme was designed in
                   coordination with the Regional Offices of Asia/Pacific, Europe and North Atlantic, and
                   IATA, and it contains multiple options that could be used for varying scenarios.
                                                   13 - 9




       SUMMARY OF THE CURRENT SITUATION IN THE NORTH ATLANTIC REGION
                PERTAINING TO PLANNING AND IMPLEMENTATION
                 OF AIR NAVIGATION FACILITIES AND SERVICES


                The major developments in the field of air navigation in the North Atlantic Region, which are
taken from the 39th meeting (NAT SPG/39), are summarized as follows:

                 1) A review of the air navigation system safety performance for the NAT Region was
                     carried out.

                 2) It confirmed that during 2002, the risk levels in the horizontal plane were within the
                    target level of safety calculated for the NAT Minimum Navigation Performance
                    Specifications (MNPS) airspace. However, in order to contain the number of gross
                    navigation errors, the meeting agreed on further methods of improving the standards
                    of navigation.

                 3) The meeting expressed its concern regarding the level of risk associated with vertical
                    separation and, consequently, agreed on a series of actions aimed at reducing and or
                    mitigating the risk. The most important change was the agreement to implement
                    systematic lateral offsets.

                 4) The efficiency of the NAT air navigation system and of the services provided to
                    airspace users were revisited, and it was agreed that a new method of measuring
                    efficiency, which would take into account the key performance indicators, should be
                    developed in coordination with similar work being carried out in other fora.

                 5) With respect to technological developments, the meeting considered questions relating
                    to the use of FANS-1/A avionics and the benefits that could be achieved as a result of
                    the decreased requirement for HF communications.



                                          ————————
                                                                                         13 - 10




                                                                     AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

No         System          ASIA/PAC                  AFI                 EUR                 CAR/SAM                 MID                    NAM              NAT

1    Revision of ATS   South China Sea -     Established new ATS Asi a t o E ur ope      The development of   Asia to Europe        The ATS route             -
     route structure   implemented on        route, namely:       through Middle East    a new ATS RNAV       through Middle East   structure of the NAM
                       1 November 2001.                           via south of           route network in     via south of          Region is pending to
                                             a) Geneina - Port    H i m a l a y a s      CAR/SAM Regions      Himalayas             be included in an
                                             Sudan                implemented on         - In progress.       implemented on        updated version of the
                                             b) Cotonou - Malabo - 28 November 2002.                          - 28 November 2002.   NAM ANP.
                                             c) Extension of UR (EMARSSH)                                     (EMARSSH)
                                              983 Lomé - Sao
                                             Tomé
                                             d) Need for the
                       Asi a t o E ur ope       reactivation of   Revision of route                           New Middle East
                       through Middle East     RNAV               structure in Eastern                        ATS route network
                       via south of             route UM114       and Western part of                         - 22 December 2003.
                       H i m a l a y a s        Ghardaia - Lagos. Europe -
                       implemented on        e) UL 375            On going.
                       28 November 2002.        Atlanta -
                       (EMARSSH)             Capetown
                                                and UL435
                                               Atlanta -
                                             Johannesburg
                                                                                              13 - 11




                                                                           AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

No          System               ASIA/PAC                 AFI                   EUR               CAR/SAM                 MID                  NAM                      NAT

2    RVSM                    Pacific airspace-    Implementation strategy Western part of      EUR/SAM corridor - Middle East Region - Canada implemented       Horizontal RVSM
                             implemented on       and action plan under   European Region -    24 January 2002.   27 November 2003. RVSM between FL             expansion in the
                             24 February 2000.    consideration. Target Implemented on                                                 290 to FL 410            entire NAT Region
                                                  date to be            24 January 2002.                                               inclusive in Northern    from FL 310 to
                                                  determined.                                                                          domestic airspace        FL 390 completed on
                                                                                                                                       (north of 57N Lat)       1 November 2001.
                                                                                                                                       and transition
                             Western Pacific      Parts of Region       Planning for           CAR/SAM Regions -                       airspace (between
                             airspace implemented falling in SAM and    expansion in Eastern 20 January 2005                           52N and 57N) on 18
                             on 21 February 2002. EUR corridor -        part of the Region has                                         April 2002.
                                                  implemented on        commenced.
                                                  24 January 2002.

                             Hong Kong FIR and
                             Sanya AOR                                  EUR/SAM Corridor                                                United States is to     Vertical expansion of
                             implemented on                             - 24 January 2002                                               implement RVSM in       RVSM throughout
                             31 October 2002.                                                                                           the domestic airspace   NAT Region from
                                                                                                                                        from FL 290 to FL       FL 290 to FL 410 -
                                                                                                                                        410                     implemented on
                             Bay of Bengal and                                                                                          - 20 January 2005.      24 January 2002.
                             beyond -
                             27 November 2003.

3    Establishment of        Regional Airspace   Under consideration. Implemented -           Brazil has been     Middle East Central   Canada will             Implemented.
     regional airspace       Monitoring Advisory                      Financial mechanism     designated as       Monitoring Agency     implement in the
     safety system           Group was                                being developed.        monitoring agency   (MECMA) operated      designated RVSM
     performance             established by                                                   for CAR/SAM         by UAE has been       airspace.
     monitoring structure.   APANPIRG/14 in                                                   regions for         designated to
                             August 2003.                                                     implementation of   monitorr RVSM and
                                                                                              RVSM.               RNP/RNAV

4    ACAS II                 Mandated from        Mandated from          Mandated from        Mandated from       Mandated from         Implemented in          Mandated from
                             23 March 2000.       1 January 2003.       1 January 2000.       1 January 2003.     1 July2001.           Canada and the          31 March 2001.
                                                                                                                                        United States
                                                                                                                                        airspace.
                                                                                        13 - 12




                                                                   AIR TRAFFIC MANAGEMENT

No       System        ASIA/PAC                  AFI                    EUR                  CAR/SAM                  MID                   NAM              NAT

5    RNAV/RNP     RNP 10:                RNP5 - implemented     RNAV/RNP5               EUR/SAM corridor       RNP 5 Phase 1         United States has MNPS implemented
                                         in continental         implemented in          RNP10 -                Implemented -         implemented RNP in in 1981.
                  1) North Pacific and   Johannesburg FIR in    ECAC area from          implemented on         14 June 2001.         domestic and oceanic
                  Tasman -               1998.                  January 1998.           4 October 2001;                              airspace since 1998.
                  23 April 1998;

                  2) South China Sea - RNP10- implemented       Implementation of       Pre-operational        RNP5/RNAV Phase       Canada is planning to
                  1 November 2001;     in Mauritius on 5        precision RNAV          implementation of      2 implementation      implement RNP in
                                       March 2003.              (nearly equivalent to   RNP10 for routes       started with effect   domestic airspace in
                  3) Australia and                              RNP 1) in terminal      UL302 and UL780        from 28 November      2006.
                  Indonesia -                                   areas is                approved.              2002 as an ongoing
                  1 November 2001;                              planned for 2004.                              process.

                  4) Bay of Bengal -     For other routes -                             For other routes -                           RNAV route structure
                  November 2002.         Under consideration.                           Under consideration.                         in the NAM Region is
                  Other routes under                                                                                                 under review.
                  consideration

                  RNP 4
                  under development
                  in the South Pacific
                  area

                  other routes under
                  consideration
                                                                                           13 - 13

                                                                             COMMUNICATIONS

No                 System                ASIA/PAC                   AFI                  EUR             CAR/SAM                 MID               NAM                  NAT

1    ATN                             ATN transition plan     ATN                  ATN transition     ATN initial          Current AFTN     ATN transition        Investigation of
     (Subnetworks, End systems and   has been developed      implementation is    plan is being      transition plan is   circuits are being
                                                                                                                                           plan has been         operational ATN
     Intermediate systems)           with a target date of   Under study.         developed.         under review.        improved for     developed with        data link scenarios
                                     2005 for ground -       Focus is more on     Pre-operational                         transition to ATN.
                                                                                                                                           focus on ground-      in the Region with
                                     ground application      improving current    trials are in                                            ground                focus on air-
                                     namely ATN router       circuits with long   progress.                                                applications. Test,   ground
                                     and AMHS.               term plans for                                                                development and       applications is
                                                             migrating to                                                                  validation phases     in progress.
                                                             AMHS and AIDC.                                                                completed.
                                                                                                                                           Operational
                                     AMHS tests are                               The Link 2000       With the REDDIG Guiding principles implementation is
                                     progressing.                                 programme will      implementation    have been prepared under review.
                                                                                  gradually introduce (SAM Digital      for ground-ground
                                                                                  operational         Network), in 2003 application namely
                                     To ensure                                    applications over AMHS and AIDC AMHS and AIDC
                                     harmonization and                            A-G ATN on          implementations
                                     to facilitate                                VDL2 from 2003 would be
                                     implementation                               to 2010.            facilitated.
                                     several interface
                                     control documents
                                     (ICDs) have been
                                     developed.
                                                                                        13 - 14

                                                                         COMMUNICATIONS

No                System            ASIA/PAC                    AFI                  EUR              CAR/SAM                  MID                  NAM                    NAT

2    Air-ground communication   Further               VHF Voice is             Implementation of   VHF voice is         VHF voice is          There are plans for   HF is the main
     infrastructure             improvements are      provided in              air-ground data     provided in          provided in           AMSS for voice        communication
                                made in VHF voice terminal areas.              link services is    continental and      continental and       and ATN-              and already
                                in continental and                             planned for 2002-   terminal areas.      terminal areas.       compatible sub-       saturated with
                                terminal areas. VHF                            2007.               HF voice is          VHF data being        networks such as      difficulty of
                                data link is used for                                              provide in oceanic   studied.              VDL Mode 2,           obtaining
                                D-ATIS,                                                            areas.                                     HFDL and AMSS         additional
                                D-VOLMET and                                                                                                  to support CPDLC      frequencies.
                                CPDLC                                                                                                         applications.


                                AMSS data is used       Extension of VHF       Horizontal          Implementation of    AMSS for data and                           Trials to use
                                in oceanic and          coverage to            expansion of 8.33   VDL Mode 2 to        Voice in oceanic                            CPDLC based on
                                remote areas and        en route areas is in   kHz channel         support CPDLC        and remote areas                            FANS 1/A for
                                AMSS voice is used      progress in several    spacing from 7 to   and D-ATIS is        are used.                                   routine
                                for non-routine and     FIRs.                  29 States           under study.                                                     communications
                                emergency                                      implemented on                                                                       are being carried
                                communications.                                31 October 2002.                                                                     out.


                                SSR Mode S data         HF Voice is            Vertical expansion Tests on HFDL are     SSR Mode S data                             AMSS application
                                link for high density   provided in most of    of 8.33 kHz        being conducted.      link for high                               is being assessed.
                                airspace are being      FIRs.                  channel spacing.                         density airspace is
                                planned.                CPDLC based on         from FL 245 to FL                        being considered.
                                                        FANS 1/A is being      195 planned for
                                                        used.                  2006.
                                                                                           13 - 15

                                                                            COMMUNICATIONS

No                System               ASIA/PAC                   AFI                   EUR                CAR/SAM                  MID                  NAM                 NAT

3    Ground-ground communication   Some of the States      Three major            Well developed.      Number of digital     Establishment of a    Well developed.     Well developed.
     infrastructure                have implemented        satellite networks     Many of the States   networks have         regional satellite    Canada, Mexico      Many of the States
                                   digital networks.       have been provided     have upgraded to     been implemented      based digital         and United States   have upgraded to
                                                           in the States of the   digital networks.    in the Region.        network is under      have upgraded to    digital networks.
                                                           Region: namely                              Interconnection of    consideration.        digital networks.
                                                           AFISNET,, SADC                              theses networks so    Feasibility study
                                                           and CAFSAT).                                as to provide         completed. and
                                                                                                       interoperability is   report submitted to
                                                                                                       in progress.          MIDANPIRG/8 in
                                                                                                                             September 2003.
                                   AFTN based AIDC         Another satellite
                                   procedure is            network
                                   implemented by          (NAFISAT) is
                                   some States.            being developed
                                   Interface Control       for AFI North East
                                   Document (ICD) for      region.
                                   AIDC Version 2
                                   was adopted by
                                   APANPIRG/14



                                   Other States are also   Consolidation of
                                   considering             these networks is
                                   upgrading their         under
                                   networks.               consideration
                                                                                          13 - 16


                                                                               NAVIGATION

No          System        ASIA/PAC                   AFI                   EUR                 CAR/SAM                   MID                      NAM                    NAT

1    GNSS            Transition to WGS-      Transition to WGS-  Transition to         Considerable              Transition to WGS-       Transition to WGS-      Transition to
                     84 is in progress.      84 is in progress.  WGS-84 is on-going. progress has been           84 is in progress.       84 completed in         WGS-84 completed.
                                                                                       achieved in the SAM                                Canada and United
                                                                                       Region and efforts                                 States. In Mexico, it
                                                                                       continue in the CAR                                is in progress.
                                                                                       Region for
                     Strategy for          GNSS strategy has     Launching of          implementation of         Strategy for             The GNSS/GPS
                     implementation of     been adopted.         “Galileo”, a new      WGS-84.                   implementation of        strategy has been
                     GNSS was updated                            constellation of                                GNSS is being            adopted.
                     and adopted. A check                        navigation satellites                           developed.
                     list to assist GNSS   Development of        was decided by the    SBAS test bed                                      SBAS based on the
                     implementation        harmonized            European Council on project in cooperation                               United States' wide
                     developed by          GNSS/NPA              26 March 2002 with with WAAS is being                                    area augmentation
                     APANPIRG is used procedures for States full operation             developed.                                         system (WAAS) was
                     by States for         of SADC completed capability slated for                                                        commissioned on 10
                     implementation.       in December 2001, 2008.                                                                        July 2003 for initial
                                           and for ASECNA                                                                                 operating capability
                                           States in 2002. Plans
                                           for other FIRs
                     Satellite based       scheduled in 2003     Satellite based       A ionospheric model                         A GNSS approach
                     augmentation system and 2004.               augmentation system is under study in                             implementation
                     (MSAS) is being                             (EGNOS) is being      order to apply the                          programme has been
                     developed. with a                           developed with a      NPA Operation with                          initiated by all three
                     target date of                              target date of        SBAS Test Bed.                              States and GNSS
                     commissioning with                          commissioning in                                                  augmentation system
                     one satellite in 2004                       2005.                                                             agreements have been
                     and two satellites in SBAS test bed in                            SBAS test bed in          SBAS test bed in completed for the
                     2006.                 cooperation with                            cooperation with          cooperation with future expansion of
                                           EGNOS is being                              EGNOS is also being       EGNOS was carried the GNSS concept.
                                           implemented.                                developed                 out.


                     GNSS is used for        GNSS is being used GNSS is being used        GNSS is being used     GNSS is being used       GNSS is being used      GNSS is being used
                     oceanic and remote      for oceanic and       for continental        for oceanic and        on supplemental and      for oceanic and         for oceanic
                     continental areas for   continental en- route en route operations.   continental en route   primary means for        continental en-route    operations.
                     en- route operations    operations.                                  operations             navigation for enroute   operations
                     and NPA as                                                                                  and NPA.
                     supplemental means.
                                                                                                   13 - 17




                                                                                     SURVEILLANCE

No         System             ASIA/PAC                     AFI                     EUR                  CAR/SAM                    MID                     NAM                      NAT

1    SSR Modes A/C and Currently SSR Modes Surveillance in most Currently SSR Modes                Currently SSR Modes The Region is well          En-route radar           Surveillance in most
     SSR Mode S        A/C is employed.    FIRs is through pilot A/C is employed.                  A/C is employed.    covered by radars           surveillance has seen    of the NAT Region is
                                           voice position                                                              (PSR/SSR Mode               substantial              via position reports
                                           reporting.                                                                  A/C).                       improvements with        using HF Voice at
                                                                 The ORCAM code                    Use of ASTERIX                                  the upgrading of         approximately every
                                                                 management has been               protocol for SSR                                radar systems in a       10 degrees of
                                                                 extended to the whole             data sharing was                                large part of the        longitude.
                                                                 Region.                           established.                                    airspace. In several
                                                                                                                                                   areas of the Gulf of
                         SSR Mode S being                                  SSR Mode S in some      In the near future                              Mexico and Northern
                         implemented in some PSR and SSR Mode              terminal areas and      SSR Mode S in some      SSR Mode S is           Canada, surveillance     ADS and other data
                         terminal areas and     A/C are employed in        high density en route   terminal areas and      planned for some        has been restricted to   link technologies are
                         high density en route. some busy terminals        is planned for          high density en route   terminal and high       position reports sent    being used for
                                                and for en-route           implementation:         will be planned.        density en route        by pilots via air-       Waypoint Position
                                                operations.                - basic Mode S in                               areas in 2006.          ground                   Reporting
                                                                           2003 to 2005,                                                           communications. A
                                                                           - enhanced Mode S                                                       plan to improve radar
                                                  An en-route              2005 to 2007.                                                           surveillance in the
                                                  aeronautical                                                                                     Gulf of Mexico is
                                                  surveillance plan with                                                                           being developed.
                                                  SSR requirements
                                                  included in the AFI
                                                  FASID.

2    ADS                 FANS-1/A based           ADS will be used for ADS will be used in         ADS will be used        ADS will be used        ADS will be used in      To improve
                         ADS-C is used            low density, remote some parts of the            initially for oceanic   initially for oceanic   oceanic or remote        surveillance, the
                         initially for oceanic    and oceanic airspace Region.                     airspace and later in   airspace and later in   areas; however,          regional plan
                         airspace and in          as well as outside                               remote areas.           remote areas and        further review is        specifies ADS over
                         remote areas.            SSR coverage.                                                            possibly as a backup    needed for               the ATN.
                         ADS/CPDLC                                                                                         to SSR in high          continental domestic     Nevertheless,
                         services are operation                                                                            density traffic areas   airspace areas.          provisions have been
                         in the PAC Region.                                                                                in 2005.                                         made to
                         Operational trials are                                                                                                                             accommodate FANS
                         being established for                                                                                                                              1/A equipped aircraft.
                         Southeast and West
                         Asian Region
                                                                                              13 - 18

                                                                                 SURVEILLANCE

No         System              ASIA/PAC                    AFI                 EUR                 CAR/SAM                 MID                   NAM                      NAT

3    ADS-B                ADS-B trials are in To be determined.        To be determined.      To be determined.    To be determined.     ADS-B trials are in        To be determined
                          progress in Australia,                                                                                         progress in Canada
                          Japan and Mongolia.                                                                                            and United States.
                                                                                                                                         Implementation plans
                                                                                                                                         still have to be
                          “ADS-B out” for                              Mode S squitter                                                   finalized.
                          ground based                                 related applications
                          surveillance is                              from 2007.
                          expected to be
                          implemented on a
                          sub-regional basis
                          from Jan 2006




                                                                                 RELATED ISSUES

No         System              ASIA/PAC                   AFI                  EUR                 CAR/SAM                 MID                   NAM                     NAT

1    Transition from      Material finalized.     Material finalized   Material finalized and Material finalized and Material finalized and A revision            The trial NAT Basic
     current single       Document in final       and published.       published.             published. FASID is awaiting publication. programme was             ANP and FASID are
     volume ANP to two    preparation stage for                                               being kept up to date.                        proposed to update    being reviewed and is
     volumes Basic ANP    publication.                                                                                                      the FASID document.   scheduled to be
     and FASID                                                                                                                                                    completed by early
     documents                                                                                                                                                    2004.



2    Development and      Reviewed and            Reviewed and         Reviewed and           Under review to      Reviewed and          Reviewed and             New plan being
     update of Regional   updated.                updated.             updated.               update the Plan.     updated.              updated.                 developed.
     plan for CNS/ATM
     systems                new chapter on the
                          subject of
                          meteorology
                                   .
                                                                                                13 - 19

                                                                                  RELATED ISSUES

No         System                ASIA/PAC                  AFI                   EUR                CAR/SAM                 MID                  NAM             NAT

3    Interregional groups   South-West Asia ATS I                        South-West Asia ATS East CAR and North South-West Asia                                   -
     which coordinate and   Coordination Group                           Coordination Group and North East SAM ATS Coordination
     ensure seamlessness    (SWACG).                                     (SWACG).            Implementation and Group (SWACG).
     in the                                                                                  Coordination Group
     implementation of                                                                       (ECAR/NESAM
     Air Navigation         Indian Ocean ATS    Indian Ocean ATS                             ICG)
     Systems between the    Co-ordination Group Co-ordination Group
     Regions                (IOACG).            (IOACG).

                                                                                                CANADA/MEXICO/                            CANADA/MEXICO/
                                                                                                USA CNS/ATM                               USA CNS/ATM
                                                                                                Working Group                             Working Group
                            Europe/Asia Air                              Europe/Asia Air
                            Routes Meeting                               Routes Meeting
                            (EAAR).                                      (EAAR).

                                                    Informal interface   Informal interface                          Informal interface
                                                    meetings between     meetings between                            meetings between
                                                    EUR/MID and          EUR/MID and                                 EUR/MID and
                                                    EUR/AFI are          EUR/AFI are                                 EUR/AFI are
                                                    convened from time   convened from time                          convened from time
                                                    to time.             to time.                                    to time.


                                                    South Atlantic       South Atlantic         South Atlantic
                                                    Coordination Group   Coordination Group     Coordination Group
                                                    (SAT).               (SAT).                 (SAT)


                            ICAO Meetings for                            ICAO Meetings for
                            the Planning and                             the Planning and
                            Coordination of                              Coordination of
                            Implementation of                            Implementation of
                            ATS Routes through                           ATS Routes through
                            the airspace of the                          the airspace of the
                            Eastern Part of the                          Eastern Part of the
                            ICAO EUR Region,                             ICAO EUR Region,
                            including Middle Asia                        including Middle
                            (TARTAR).                                    Asia (TARTAR).


                            Informal Trans-Asia,                         Informal Trans-Asia,                                             Informal Trans-Asia,
                            Trans-Siberia and                            Trans-Siberia and                                                Trans-Siberia and
                            Cross-Polar Routes                           Cross-Polar Routes                                               Cross-Polar Routes
                                                                                                      13 - 20

                                                                                      RELATED ISSUES

No        System            ASIA/PAC                      AFI                       EUR                    CAR/SAM                     MID                      NAM                      NAT

4    Meteorological    Migration from T4          Migration from T4        Migration from T4          Migration from T4        Migration from T4        Migration from T4        Not applicable as this
     component of      charts to WAFS             charts to WAFS           charts to WAFS             charts to WAFS           charts to WAFS           charts to WAFS           issue is being
     CNS/ATM systems   forecasts in the digital   forecasts in the         forecasts in the digital   forecasts in the         forecasts in the         forecasts in the         addressed by the
                       code forms (i.e.           digital code forms       code forms (i.e.           digital code forms       digital code forms       digital code forms       States as part of
                       WMO BUFR and               (i.e. WMO BUFR           WMO BUFR and               (i.e. WMO BUFR           (i.e. WMO BUFR           (i.e. WMO BUFR           EANPG.
                       GRIB code forms) is        and GRIB code            GRIB code forms) is        and GRIB code            and GRIB code            and GRIB code
                       being addressed and        forms) is being          being addressed and        forms) is being          forms) is being          forms) is being
                       will be fully              addressed and will be    will be fully              addressed and will be    addressed and will be    addressed and will be
                       implemented by 1           fully implemented by     implemented by 1           fully implemented by     fully implemented by     fully implemented by
                       July 2005.                 1 July 2005".            July 2005".                1 July 2005".            1 July 2005".            1 July 2005".



                       Workshops on the use       Workshops on the         Workshops on the use       Workshops on the         Workshops on the         Workshops on the            Not applicable.
                       of the GRIB and            use of the GRIB and      of the GRIB and            use of the GRIB and      use of the GRIB and      use of the GRIB and
                       BUFR coded WAFS            BUFR coded WAFS          BUFR coded WAFS            BUFR coded WAFS          BUFR coded WAFS          BUFR coded WAFS
                       data have been             data have been           data have been             data organized by the    data are planned to be   data organized by the
                       organized by the           organized by the         organized by the           WAFC Provider            organized by the         WAFC Provider
                       WAFC Provider              WAFC Provider            WAFC Provider              States in coordination   WAFC Provider            States in coordination
                       States in coordination     States in coordination   States in coordination     with ICAO and            States in coordination   with ICAO and
                       with ICAO and              with ICAO and            with ICAO and              WMO will take place      with ICAO and            WMO will take place
                       WMO.                       WMO.                     WMO.                       in December 2003 in      WMO.                     in December 2003 in
                                                                                                      Costa Rica                                        Costa Rica


                                                                                                                               The Regional Area        The Regional Area
                       The Regional Area          The Regional Area        The Regional Area          The Regional Area                                 Forecast Centres have
                       Forecast Centres have      Forecast Centres         Forecast Centres have      Forecast Centres have    Forecast Centres have                                Not applicable
                                                                                                                               been phased-out and      been phased-out and
                       been phased-out and        have been phased-out     been phased-out and        been phased-out and                               their responsibilities
                       their responsibilities     and their                their responsibilities     their responsibilities   their responsibilities
                                                                                                                               have been transferred    have been transferred
                       have been transferred      responsibilities have    have been transferred      have been transferred                             to the World Area
                       to the World Area          been transferred to      to the World Area          to the World Area        to the World Area
                                                                                                                               Forecast Centres         Forecast Centres
                       Forecast Centres           the World Area           Forecast Centres           Forecast Centres
                                                  Forecast Centres



                       D-VOLMET being
                       implemented by some
                       States. Trials on the
                       meteorological data
                       downlink through
                       ADS conducted.
                                                                                                    13 - 21

                                                                                     RELATED ISSUES

No          System               ASIA/PAC                   AFI                     EUR                  CAR/SAM                      MID            NAM           NAT

5    Review of             Addressed as part of     Addressed as part of    Addressed as part of    Addressed as a part       Addressed as part of    -    Addressed as part of
     deficiencies          the PIRG work            the PIRG work           the PIRG work           of the GREPECAS           the PIRG work                the PIRG work
                           programme.               programme. The list     programme. There are    work programme.           programme.                   programme. There
                                                    of deficiencies are     currently no                                                                   are currently no
                                                    grouped on the basis    outstanding formal                                                             outstanding formal
                                                                                                    Adopted a Regional
                                                    of States in addition   deficiencies.                                                                  deficiencies.
                                                                                                    Strategy in order to
                                                    to facility wise.
                                                                                                    resolve all type of
                                                    Various COSCAPs
                                                                                                    deficiencies in the air
                                                    are also addressing
                                                                                                    navigation field
                                                    this issue.


                           Dedicated TF                                                             Established an            Dedicated Safety
                           established to develop Establishment of an                               Aviation Safety           working Group was
                           appropriate            Aviation Safety                                                             established .
                                                                                                    Board .
                           management tools.      Board is under
                                                  consideration.

6    Specific to the region Guidance material to    The new larger          Focussing on            Human resources and Formulation of a plan         -    Work has been
                            enhance aeronautical    aeroplane task force    increasing the          training issues are    for development of              initiated for the
                            information services    developed a strategy    efficiency and          being addressed.       regional training               development of
                            activities within the   for future work         capacity at                                    capabilities within             operational and
                            Region has been         including the           international                                  specific training               economic
                                                                                                    The development of
                            developed.              evaluation of the       aerodromes through                             centres will be                 performance
                                                                                                    an ATS and AIS
                                                    impact on               the implementation of                          addressed through a             indicators , which
                                                                                                    Quality Assurance
                                                    aerodromes of the       capacity enhancing                             dedicated TF.                   will be used
                                                                                                    Programme and its
                                                    AFI Region.             procedures.                                                                    throughout NAT
                                                                                                    associated activities
                                                                                                                                                           Region.
                                                                                                    are being carried out.

                           AIS quality assurance
                                                 Establishment of an                                Important steps have
                           manual has been
                                                 appropriate body for                               been given to
                           developed.
                                                 addressing regional                                advance into the
                                                 human resource and                                 implementation of the
                                                 training issues is                                 automated AIS
                                                 under consideration.                               system and in the
                                                                                                    development of
                                                                                                    National Data Banks.


                                                                                                    Most of the States
                                                                                                    have published the
                                                                                                    AIP in the new
                                                                                                    structure.
                                                                                          13 - 22

                                                                             ORGANIZATIONAL ISSUES

No          System              ASIA/PAC                 AFI                   EUR             CAR/SAM                 MID                 NAM          NAT

1    Establishment of       Advice provided to   Southern Africa         Eurocontrol      Central American      Europe Middle East Sub-regional group    –
     Sub-regional           States about the     Development                              Corporation for Air   Regional           comprising of
     entities/groups for    benefits of          Community (SADC)                         Navigation Services   Coordination       Canada, Mexico,
     provision of air       cooperative                                                   (COCESNA);            Bureau on Air      United States of
     navigation services.   arrangements and                                                                    Traffic Management America
                            mechanism.                                                                          (EMAC)             (CAN/MEX/USA)
                                                 Agency for the Safety                    SAM Sub-regional
                                                 of Air Navigation in                     Group for Digital
                                                 Africa and                               Network (REDDIG)
                                                 Madagascar
                                                 (ASECNA)


                                                 Common Market for                        Eastern Caribbean
                                                 Eastern and Southern                     Sub-Regional Group
                                                 Africa (COMESA)                          for digital network
                                                                                          (E-CAR)


                                                 Roberts FIR                              Central Caribbean
                                                 Organization (3                          Sub-regional Group
                                                 States)                                  for digital network
                                                                                          (MEVA)
                                                 Accra FIR (4 States)


                                                 Study for a common
                                                 upper airspace
                                                 control for the East
                                                 African Community
                                                 (EAC) planned in
                                                 2003/2004.
                                                                                                      13 - 23

                                                                                       ECONOMIC ISSUES

No          System                ASIA/PAC                     AFI                    EUR                  CAR/SAM                     MID                    NAM                     NAT

1    Cost benefit study,      Advice was provided     Business case and       Business case and       The Secretariat          A business case        Business case and       The feasibility of
     business case analysis   to National             cost benefit analysis   cost benefit analysis   assisted in the          illustrative           cost benefit analysis   creating a common
     and cost recovery        Meterological Service   has been carried out    are being carried out   economic aspects of      application has been   are being carried out   cost-recovery system
     system                   Providers about the     for SADC States for     by Eurocontrol.         the study of the         developed for the      by CAN/MEX/USA.         for the provision of
                              application of          the UACC project.                               transitional plan        region.                                        air navigation
                              ICAO’s guidance and                                                     (Project RLA/98/003)                                                    services in the
                              policies on cost                                                        to CNS/ATM                                                              northern part of the
                                                      Similar exercise is
                              recovery                                                                systems through the                                                     region was
                                                      under consideration
                                                                                                      development and                                                         considered. No
                                                      for areas of routing
                                                                                                      integration of a                                                        changes to the
                                                      AR4 (Europe to
                                                                                                      financial module.                                                       current system are
                                                      Southern Africa).
                                                                                                                                                                              envisaged.
                                                                              No ICAO Secretariat                                                     No ICAO Secretariat
                                                                              involvement.                                                            involvement.



                                                                                                      The Secretariat also                                                    Cost effectiveness of
                                                      Business case and                                                                                                       implementation of
                                                                                                      participated in the
                                                      cost benefit analysis                                                                                                   new systems are
                                                                                                      organization of a
                                                      is underway for the                                                                                                     studied as an ongoing
                                                                                                      Seminar in Honduras
                                                      establishment of                                                                                                        exercise through the
                                                                                                      (Oct. 2002) on the
                                                      Upper ACC for East                                                                                                      NAT Cost
                                                                                                      economics and
                                                      African Community                                                                                                       Effectiveness
                                                                                                      institutional aspects
                                                                                                      of CNS/ATM                                                              Programme.
                                                                                                      systems.


                                                                                                      GREPECAS Task
                                                                                                      Force on Institutional
                                                                                                      Aspects for
                                                                                                      CNS/ATM
                                                                                                      implementation has
                                                                                                      been reactivated.
                                                                                              13 - 24

                                                                                TRAFFIC FORECASTS

No          System              ASIA/PAC                  AFI                   EUR               CAR/SAM                   MID                NAM                  NAT

1    Traffic Forecasting   Traffic Forecasting Traffic Forecasting       Data developed by     Traffic Forecasting Traffic Forecasting No ICAO Secretariat NAT Forecasting
     Groups (TFGs)         Group is in existence Group formed in         Eurocontrol are being Group established in Group (TFG) created involvement.       Group was
                           since 1991.           1998.                   used.                 1996.                in 1998. Proposed                      established in 1965.
                                                                                                                    for integration of this
                                                                                                                    TFG into as a sub-
                                                                                                                    group of
                                                                                                                    MIDNAPIRG,
                                                                                                                    subject to approval of
                                                                                                                    the Council in C/171.



                           Eleventh meeting of   Third meeting of                            Fifth meeting of TFG   The fifth meeting of
                           TFG was held in       TFG was held in                             was held in Lima       the TFG was held in
                           Bangkok from 30       Dakar from                                  from 5 to 9 August     Cairo from
                           September to          24 to 26 March 2003.                        2002.                  15-19 January 2002.
                           4 October 2002.




                           Next meeting:         Next meeting:                               Next meeting          Sixth meeting: in
                           tentatively scheduled tentatively scheduled                       tentatively scheduled Cairo from
                           for 2004              either 2004 or 2005                         for 2004              16-17 October 2003
                                                                                                    13 - 25

                                                                                  TRAFFIC FORECASTS

No          System            ASIA/PAC                    AFI                      EUR                   CAR/SAM                     MID                  NAM                     NAT

2    Traffic forecasts   Traffic forecasts have   Passenger and aircraft   No ICAO Secretariat Forecasts prepared            Forecasts of major     No ICAO Secretariat   Traffic forecasts are
                         been developed for       movement forecasts       involvement.        for 6 major route             traffic flows to, from involvement.          developed bi-
                         major route groups       have been developed      Forecasting is done groups up to the year         and within the                               annually. They were
                         up to the year 2015      for major route          by Eurocontrol.     2012 and reviewed             Middle East region as                        reviewed early in
                         and updated to reflect   groups up to the year                        taking into account           well as aircraft                             2002 to reflect the
                         the impact of the        2018.                                        the impact of the             movement forecasts                           impact of the
                         11 September events.                                                  11 September events.          for the city -pairs                          11 September events.
                                                                                                                             within each major
                                                                                                                             traffic flow up to the
                                                                                                                             year 2015 has been
                                                                                                                             developed.




                                                                                       Legal Issues

No          System            ASIA/PAC                    AFI                      EUR                   CAR/SAM                     MID                  NAM                     NAT

1    Addressing legal    Legal issues have        The subject has not      Legal issues were        Legal issues are         The question is too             -                      -
     issues such as      been raised but these    yet been examined by     discussed in the         beyond the resolution    large and complex.
     universal           are beyond the scope     APIRG. We expect         context of the Galileo   at the regional level.   MIDANPIRG did not
     accessibility,      of regional bodies.      the HQ to adequately     programme.               HQ must provide the      look into the matter
     continuity,         HQ should continue       address this issue for                            leadership in this       deep.
     certification and   to provide guidance      the benefit of PIRGs.                             domain.
     liability.          and address and
                         resolve them at
                         global level.


2    Development of an   An interim legal framework, the “Charter on the Rights and Obligations of States Relating to GNSS Services”, was adopted in 1998 by the 32nd Session of the
     interim legal       Assembly in the form of Resolution A32-19, which embodies certain fundamental principles applicable to GNSS.
     framework
                         The ICAO headquarters is pursuing its efforts to resolve the complex legal issues involved and will continue to provide guidance at global level. The
                         Secretariat Study Group on Legal Aspects of CNS/ATM systems is expected to finalize the concept of a contractual framework for CNS/ATM systems and
                         provide a path toward its implementation, including the consideration of an international convention. The results of the work of the Group will be reported,
                         through the Council, to the next ordinary session of the Assembly in 2004. The security aspects concerning prevention of unlawful interference with
                         CNS/ATM systems will be reviewed in the context of aviation security.
                                                         PART 14

        Frequency of States’ Attendance at ICAO Regional Office Meetings
                              and Subjects Covered


Legend:      AGA       = aerodromes, air routes and ground aids        MET     = meteorology
             AIG       = accident investigation and prevention         OPS/AIR = operations/airworthiness
             AIS/MAP   = aeronautical information and charts           PEL/TRG = personnel licensing and training
             AT        = air transport                                 SO      = safety oversight
             ATM       = air traffic management                        TC      = technical cooperation
             AVSEC     = aviation security                             MULTI = multidisciplinary activities
             CNS       = communications, navigation and surveillance


                                            AIS/                                           OPS/    PEL/
 States                      AGA     AIG            AT     ATM    AVSEC     CNS     MET                    SO       TC   MULTI
                                            MAP                                            AIR     TRG

 ASIA AND PACIFIC OFFICE

 Afghanistan                                                                                                              1

 Australia                                                  10                6      2                      1             3

 Bangladesh                   1                             3                 5                             1       3     1

 Bhutan                              1                      2                 2                             1       3     1

 Brunei Darussalam            1                             2                 4              1                            2

 Cambodia                     2                             3          1                     1              1       2     1

 Canada                                                                       1

 China                        1                             5          2      5      3       1              1       3     3

   Hong Kong SAR              1      1                      4          4      6      2       1              2       2     3

   Macao SAR                  1                             2                 1              1              1       2     3

 Cook Islands                                                                                               1

 Democratic People’s
                                                            1                 1                                     3     2
 Republic of Korea

 Fiji                                                       4                 5      1                      1             3

 France                                                                                                     1       3     1

   French Polynesia                                                                                                       2

   New Caledonia                                                                                            1             1

 India                               1                      13                6              1              1       3     3

 Indonesia                           1                      11         1      2                             1       2     2

 Iran (Islamic Republic
                                                            2
 of)

 Japan                               1                      4          1      6      2       2              2       2     2
                                               14 - 2

                                  AIS/                                  OPS/   PEL/
States                AGA   AIG          AT   ATM   AVSEC   CNS   MET                 SO   TC   MULTI
                                  MAP                                   AIR    TRG

Kiribati                                                                              1          1

Lao People’s
                      1     1                 1      1      2            1                 1     1
Democratic Republic

Malaysia                    1                 11     4      3     1      2            1    1     3

Maldives                                      6      1      1     1                              2

Mongolia                    1                 3      1      1                         1    3     2

Myanmar               1     1                 2             1            1                 1

Nepal                 1     1                 6      1      1            1                 3     2

New Zealand                                   5      1      3     1                              2

Pakistan                                      6             4            1                 3     1

Papua New Guinea                              1             1                         1          1

Philippines           1     1                 1             2            1                 2     1

Republic of Korea      1                      4      3      3     1                   1    3     2

Russian Federation                            1

Samoa                                                                    1            1

Singapore             1     1                 14            5     2      2            1    2     3

Solomon Islands                                                                                  1

Sri Lanka             1     1                 7      2      5            1            1    3     2

Thailand              1     1                 14     3      7     3      2            1    2     2

Timor-Leste                                                                                      1

Tonga                 1                       2             1     1                              2

United Kingdom                                              1     3                              1

United States               1                 9             6     1      1                 8     2

Vanuatu                                              1                                1          1

Viet Nam              2                       5      2      4     1      1                 2     2
                                               14 - 3

                                  AIS/                                  OPS/   PEL/
States                AGA   AIG          AT   ATM   AVSEC   CNS   MET                 SO   TC   MULTI
                                  MAP                                   AIR    TRG

EASTERN AND SOUTHERN AFRICAN OFFICE

Algeria                                       1

Angola                1            4          2

Botswana              1                  3    2                   1

Burundi               1

Cameroon                                      1             2

Democratic Republic
                                              2             1
of the Congo

Egypt                 1                       1             3

Ethiopia              1                  2    2             1     2

France (La Réunion)                                         1

Gambia                                        1      2

Germany                                  1

Ghana                                         2             2

Guinea                                                      1

India                                    1

Jordan                                   1

Kenya                 1                  6           2      1     1

Madagascar                               1    1

Malawi                1                       1      2            1

Malaysia                                 1

Mauritius             1                  25          1            1

Morocco                                       1

Mozambique            1                                           1

Namibia               1                  8           1      1

Niger                                                             1

Nigeria                                       2      1      1

Rwanda                1                  2    1      1

Senegal                                                     1

Seychelles                               1                  1

Somalia               1                              1      1

South Africa          1                  3    2      1      4     4
                                              14 - 4

                                 AIS/                                  OPS/   PEL/
States               AGA   AIG          AT   ATM   AVSEC   CNS   MET                 SO   TC   MULTI
                                 MAP                                   AIR    TRG

Spain                                                      1

Sri Lanka                               1

Sudan                                        1             2

Swaziland                                                        2

Tunisia                           1          1             1

Uganda               1            1     3    2      2      1     1

United Kingdom                                                   2

United Republic of
                     1            1     12   1      4      1     1
Tanzania

United States                           1

Zambia               1                       2      4      1     1

Zimbabwe             1            1     1    2      2      2

EUROPEAN AND NORTH ATLANTIC OFFICE

Albania                                      6

Algeria                                                    1

Armenia                           1          6                   1                              2

Austria                                                    3     1                              2

Azerbaijan                        1          4             1     1                              4

Bahrain                                                    1

Belarus                                      6                                 1                1

Belgium              2                                     3     2                              5

Bosnia and
                                             1                   1                              1
Herzegovina

Bulgaria                                     9             1     1             1

Canada                                  2    5             2                                    3

Croatia                                      4             3     1

Cyprus                                       5             2                                    1

Czech Republic       1                       1             3     1             1                5

Denmark                                 4                  2     1                              6

Estonia                                      1             1     1

Finland              1                                     2     1                              1

France               1                       1             5     2                              9
                                               14 -5

                                  AIS/                                  OPS/   PEL/
States                AGA   AIG          AT   ATM   AVSEC   CNS   MET                 SO   TC   MULTI
                                  MAP                                   AIR    TRG

Georgia                                       5                                                  1

Germany               2                                     3     2                              5

Greece                                        8             3     1                              1

Hungary               1                       5             2                                    2

Iceland                                  4    3             4     1                              4

Ireland                                  4    2             3     1                              5

Italy                 3                       6             2                                    4

Kazakhstan                                    3             1                                    1

Kyrgyzstan                                    3                                                  1

Latvia                1                       5             3     2             1                2

Lithuania                                     3             2     1                              4

Malta                                         7                                                  1

Morocco                                                     1                                    1

Netherlands           2                                     3     1                              1

Norway                                   4    4             5     1                              4

Poland                                        1             2                                    1

Portugal              1                  5    2             5     1                              9

Republic of Moldova                1          2

Romania               1                       9             3     2                              2

Russian Federation                 2          6             2     1             1                7

Saudi Arabia                                                1     2

Serbia and
                                              7             1     1                              1
Montenegro

Slovakia              1                       1             3     1             1                2

Slovenia                                                    2     1                              1

Spain                 1                                     3                                    7

Sweden                                        2             3     2                              1

Switzerland                                                 3     1                              1

Tajikistan                                                                                       1

The former Yugoslav
Republic of                                   7             1     1                              1
Macedonia

Tunisia                                                     2                                    1
                                                  14 - 6

                                     AIS/                                  OPS/   PEL/
States                   AGA   AIG          AT   ATM   AVSEC   CNS   MET                 SO   TC   MULTI
                                     MAP                                   AIR    TRG

Turkey                                           8             1                                    1

Turkmenistan                                                                                        1

Ukraine                               2          5             3                                    2

United Kingdom           4                  5    3             5     2                              9

United States            3                  5    3             4     1                              9

Uzbekistan                            3          3                   1                              1

MIDDLE EAST OFFICE

Afghanistan                                      1

Algeria                                     2

Austria                  1

Bahrain                  2            2     5    7             2     1                              1

Belgium                  1

Canada                   1

Cyprus                   1            1          1

Egypt                    2            2     5    7             2     1                              1

Germany                  1

India                    1

Iran (Islamic Republic
                         1            2     3    7             1     1                              1
of)

Iraq                     1            1     1    2             2     1                              1

Israel                   1            1     1    1             1     1                              1

Jordan                   2            2     4    7             2     1                              1

Kazakhstan               1

Kuwait                   2            2     3    6             2     1                              1

Lebanon                  2            2     2    6             1     1                              1

Libyan Arab
                         1                  1
Jamahirija

Maldives                 1

Namibia                  1

Nepal                    1

Netherlands              1

Oman                     2            2     3    7             2     1                              1
                                                14 - 7

                                   AIS/                                  OPS/   PEL/
States                 AGA   AIG          AT   ATM   AVSEC   CNS   MET                 SO   TC   MULTI
                                   MAP                                   AIR    TRG

Pakistan               2            2     2    6             1     1                              1

Qatar                  2            1     3    1             2     1                              1

Saudi Arabia           2            2     4    7             1     1                              1

South Africa           1

Sri Lanka              1

Sudan                               1     3    1

Switzerland            1

Syrian Arab Republic                           4

Tunisia                1                  3

Uganda                                    2

United Arab Emirates   2            1     1    5             1     1                              1

United Kingdom                                 1             1     1

United States          1            1     1    4             1     1                              1

Yemen                                     1    2             1

NORTH AMERICAN, CENTRAL AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN OFFICE

Anguilla                                       1             1     1                              1

Antigua and Barbuda    2                       3      2      1     1      3                       3

Aruba                        3            1                  1            1                 1

Bahamas                                        1             3                              1     1

Barbados               1                       2      1      2     1      1                       2

Belize                                         2      1      2     2      3                       2

Bermuda                1

Canada                                         1      1      2            5                 1     1

Cayman Islands         1            1          2             5            3                 1     2

Costa Rica             5            1          3      2      3     2      3                       3

Cuba                   7            1          2      3      6     2      2                 2     2

Dominica               1                       2             1     1                              2

Dominican Republic     1                       1             2     1                        1     1

El Salvador            5                       3      2      3     2      3                       3

French Antilles                                2             1     1                              2

Grenada                                        1      3      1     1                              1
                                                 14 - 8

                                    AIS/                                  OPS/   PEL/
States                  AGA   AIG          AT   ATM   AVSEC   CNS   MET                 SO   TC   MULTI
                                    MAP                                   AIR    TRG

Guatemala               3            1          3             2     2      3                 1     3

Haiti                   1            1          2             5     1      2                       2

Honduras                4                       3             2     2      2                       3

Jamaica                 3                       2      3      6            3                 2     2

Mexico                  12                      3      3      3     1      6                       2

Montserrat                                      1             1     1                              1

Netherlands Antilles    2                       2      2      3            1                       2

Nicaragua               3                       3      3      2     2      3                       3

Saint Kitts and Nevis    2                      1      2      1     1      1                       1

Saint Lucia                                     1             1     1                              1

Saint Vincent and the
                                                                    1
Grenadines

Trinidad and Tobago                  1          2      6      1     1      3                       2

Turks and Caicos
                                                1             1            1                       1
Islands

United Kingdom                                  1                          1                       1

United States           1            1          7      1      11    3      4            1    3     8

SOUTH AMERICAN OFFICE

Argentina               7            2     2    5      2      8     1                        24

Bolivia                 2                  1    4      1      3                              58

Brazil                  9            2     3    5      2      10    2                        40

Chile                   31                 3    4      1      7     1                        15

Colombia                3            2     1    4      1      3     1                        27

Ecuador                 5            1     1    4      2      2     2                        18

France                                          1             2     1                        6

Guyana                                          4             2                              6

Panama                  6            1     1    5      1      1     2                        90

Paraguay                                   1    4      1      1     1                        12

Peru                    4            2     1    5      1      6     1                        32

Suriname                             1          2                                            3

Uruguay                 1            2     1    4             1                              8

Venezuela                            1     1    5             3                              18
                                               14 - 9

                                  AIS/                                  OPS/   PEL/
States                AGA   AIG          AT   ATM   AVSEC   CNS   MET                 SO   TC   MULTI
                                  MAP                                   AIR    TRG

WESTERN AND CENTRAL AFRICAN OFFICE

Algeria               4            2     1    2      3      1     1      1            1    1     1

Angola                1                  1    2             2     1      1            1    1     1

Benin                 3                  2    2      4      1     2                   1          1

Botswana              1            1     1    2             2     1      1            1    1     1

Brazil                                                      1

Burkina Faso          2                  3    2      1      1     2      1            1          1

Burundi               3            1     1    1             1     1      1            1    1     1

Cameroon              4            1     4    2      6      3     2      1            1          1

Cape Verde            3                  3    2      5      2     1      1            1          1

Central African
                      3            1     2    1      3      1     2      1            1    1     1
Republic

Chad                  1            1     3    2      1      1     2                   1

Comoros                                              2

Congo                 3            1     2    2      1      2     2      1            2          1

Côte d’Ivoire         3            1     2    2      1      1     2      1            1          1

Democratic Republic
                                         1    3             3     1      1                       1
of the Congo

Egypt                 3            1     2    1      1      3     1      1            1    1     1

Equatorial Guinea     2                  1    1             1     2                              1

Ethiopia              1            1     1    1             1     1      1            1    1     1

France                3     1      1     1    1      2      3     1      1      1     1    1     1

Gabon                 3            1     4    1      10     1     2      1            1          1

Gambia                4            2     4    2      2      1     1      1            1          1

Ghana                 4            2     4    5      3      4     1      1            1          1

Guinea                3            1     3    3      7      3     1      1            1          2

Guinea-Bissau                            1    1                                                  3

Kenya                 2            1     1    1      2      1     1      1            1    1     1

Lesotho               1            1     1    1             1     1      1            1    1     1

Liberia               1            1     1    1      1      1     1      1      1     1    1     1

Madagascar            3                              1

Malawi                2
                                             14 - 10

                                 AIS/                                  OPS/   PEL/
States               AGA   AIG          AT   ATM   AVSEC   CNS   MET                 SO   TC   MULTI
                                 MAP                                   AIR    TRG

Mali                 3            2      2   2      4      1     2      1            1          1

Mauritania           3            1      3   1      1      1     2      1            1          1

Mauritius            1

Morocco              1            2      1   1             1     1      1            1    1     1

Mozambique           1

Namibia              1                       1             1            1            1

Niger                3            2      2   2      3      2     2      1            1          1

Nigeria              4            2      4   5      3      4     1      1            1          1

Sao Tome and
                                         1   1      2                   1            1          1
Principe

Senegal              5            2      4   5      14     4     2      1            1          1

Sierra Leone         1                   2   2      3      2     1      1            1          1

South Africa         1            1      1   4      1      5     2      1      1     1    1     1

Spain                1                                     2

Sudan                1            1      1   1      1      2     1      1            1    1     1

Swaziland                         1      1   1      1                   1      1     1    1     1

Togo                 3                   4   1      9      1     2      1            1    1     1

Tunisia              4            1      1   2      1      2     1      1      1     1    1     1

Uganda               3                   2                       1      1            1          1

United Kingdom       1            1      1   1      1                   1      1     1    1     1

United Republic of
                     3            1      1   1      1      2     1      1            1    1     1
Tanzania

United States        1     1      1      1   2      1      1     1      1      1     1    1     1

Zambia               2                   1   2             3     1                              1

Zimbabwe             1                   1   2             3     1      1            1          1

                                        — END —

								
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