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					European Migration Network Ad-Hoc Query on employment of third countries nationals

Requested by RO EMN NCP
1. Background Information
Ad hoc query that has been launched: Q1. Which is the responsible authority for granting the right to work in your country? Q2. Which is the responsible authority the work and residence documents (work permit and/or residence permit)? Q3. Which is the procedure for admission and stay for this category of persons? Q4. Can you provide the relevant pieces of legislation (even in your national language). This question has been asked by the Directorate for Migration within Romanian Immigration Office in order to have an overview of the situation and practices of this topic in other MS.

2. Responses
Belgium

Q1: The (regional) ministries of labor Q2: Work permit: ministry of labor, Residence permit: Immigration Office Q3: See doc. Q4: See doc

Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Germany

Q1: Third-state nationals who wish to have gainful employment in Germany require a ‚residence permit to take up gainful employment‛. This type of residence permit includes the necessary work permit. It is applied for at the aliens office (ABH) which consults the (German) Federal Employment Agency (BA). In case of an approval by the (German) Federal Employment Agency the aliens office grants a residence permit including the authorisation to take up gainful employment Q2: Third-state nationals who wish to have gainful employment in Germany require a ‚residence permit to take up gainful
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EMN Ad-Hoc query: Employment of third countries nationals

employment‛. This type of residence permit includes the necessary work permit. It is applied for at the aliens office (ABH) which consults the (German) Federal Employment Agency (BA). In case of an approval by the (German) Federal Employment Agency the aliens office grants a residence permit including the authorisation to take up gainful employment Q3: The grant of a residence permit to take up gainful employment requires a particular job offer. The third-state national applies for this type of residence permit to accept a particular job as ruled in § 18 sect. 5 of the (German) Residence Act (AufenthG). The grant of this type of residence permit to foreign employees depends on the needs of Germany as an economic location in consideration of the situation on the labour market and the necessities to effectively fight unemployment, as it is ruled in § 18 sect. 1 sent. 1 of the (German) Residence Act (AufenthG). I. e., the aliens office first verifies the requirements for granting a residence permit as laid down in the general aliens law regulations. After, it consults the (German) Federal Employment Agency, which carries out the so-called priority examination as ruled in § 39 of the (German) Residence Act, observing the ranking list for the particular job, i.e. verifying, if someone else is to be given priority before the third-state national. Such ranking priority is given to Germans, EU citizens as well as certain third-state nationals who enjoy equal rights according to their residence status (e. g. settlement permit; Turkish citizens who are privileged on grounds of the EU-Turkey Association Agreement) or because of long-term employment on the German labour market. Furthermore, the (German) Federal Employment Agency assesses as to whether the intended foreigner’s employment could have negative implications on the labour market or the foreigner would be employed under less favourable conditions in comparison to a German employee (individual priority examination). Exceptions to this individual priority examination are provided for in the (German) Employment Ordinance (BeschV) (applicable to foreigners who already live in the Federal Republic of Germany) and the (German) Employment Proceedings Ordinance (BeschVerfV) (applicable to newly arriving foreigners). Apart from the so-called individual priority examination described above the (German) Federal Employment Agency may carry out a so-called global labour market assessment, i.e. the (German) Federal Employment Agency verifies and ensures that allowing the foreign applicant to accept the vacancy does not implicate individual job groups respectively branches of the economy in terms of labour market or integration policy, as it is ruled in § 39 sect. 2 sent. 1 no. 2 of the (German) Residence Act (AufenthG). The approval by the (German) Federal Employment Agency may determine the duration of employment as well as the place of employment restricting it to certain companies or regions, as ruled in § 39 sect. 4 of the (German) Residence Act (AufenthG). If the (German) Federal Employment Agency gives its approval after due examination of the case, the decision has binding force for the aliens office Q4: § 18 Beschäftigung (1) Die Zulassung ausländischer Beschäftigter orientiert sich an den Erfordernissen des Wirtschaftsstandortes Deutschland unter Berücksichtigung der Verhältnisse auf dem Ar-beitsmarkt und dem Erfordernis, die Arbeitslosigkeit wirksam zu bekämpfen. Internationale Verträge bleiben unberührt. (2) Einem Ausländer kann ein Aufenthaltstitel zur Ausübung einer Beschäftigung erteilt werden, wenn die Bundesagentur für
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EMN Ad-Hoc query: Employment of third countries nationals

Arbeit nach § 39 zugestimmt hat oder durch Rechts-verordnung nach § 42 oder zwischenstaatliche Vereinbarung bestimmt ist, dass die Aus-übung der Beschäftigung ohne Zustimmung der Bundesagentur für Arbeit zulässig ist. Be-schränkungen bei der Erteilung der Zustimmung durch die Bundesagentur für Arbeit sind in den Aufenthaltstitel zu übernehmen. (3) Eine Aufenthaltserlaubnis zur Ausübung einer Beschäftigung nach Absatz 2, die keine qualifizierte Berufsausbildung voraussetzt, darf nur erteilt werden, wenn dies durch zwi-schenstaatliche Vereinbarung bestimmt ist oder wenn auf Grund einer Rechtsverordnung nach § 42 die Erteilung der Zustimmung zu einer Aufenthaltserlaubnis für diese Beschäfti-gung zulässig ist. (4) Ein Aufenthaltstitel zur Ausübung einer Beschäftigung nach Absatz 2, die eine qualifi-zierte Berufsausbildung voraussetzt, darf nur für eine Beschäftigung in einer Berufsgruppe erteilt werden, die durch Rechtsverordnung nach § 42 zugelassen worden ist. Im begrün-deten Einzelfall kann eine Aufenthaltserlaubnis für eine Beschäftigung erteilt werden, wenn an der Beschäftigung ein öffentliches, insbesondere ein regionales, wirtschaftliches oder arbeitsmarktpolitisches Interesse besteht. (5) Ein Aufenthaltstitel nach Absatz 2 und § 19 darf nur erteilt werden, wenn ein konkretes Arbeitsplatzangebot vorliegt. § 39 Zustimmung zur Ausländerbeschäftigung (1) Ein Aufenthaltstitel, der einem Ausländer die Ausübung einer Beschäftigung erlaubt, kann nur mit Zustimmung der Bundesagentur für Arbeit erteilt werden, soweit durch Rechtsverordnung nicht etwas anderes bestimmt ist. Die Zustimmung kann erteilt werden, wenn dies in zwischenstaatlichen Vereinbarungen, durch ein Gesetz oder durch Rechts-verordnung bestimmt ist. (2) Die Bundesagentur für Arbeit kann der Erteilung einer Aufenthaltserlaubnis zur Aus-übung einer Beschäftigung nach § 18 zustimmen, wenn 1. a) sich durch die Beschäftigung von Ausländern nachteilige Auswirkungen auf den Arbeitsmarkt, insbesondere hinsichtlich der Beschäftigungsstruktur, der Regionen und der Wirtschaftszweige, nicht ergeben und b) für die Beschäftigung deutsche Arbeitnehmer sowie Ausländer, die diesen hinsicht-lich der Arbeitsaufnahme rechtlich gleichgestellt sind oder andere Ausländer, die nach dem Recht der Europäischen Union einen Anspruch auf vorrangigen Zugang zum Arbeitsmarkt haben, nicht zur Verfügung stehen oder 2. sie durch Prüfung nach Satz 1 Nr. 1 Buchstabe a und b für einzelne Berufsgruppen oder für einzelne Wirtschaftszweige festgestellt hat, dass die Besetzung der offenen Stellen mit ausländischen Bewerbern arbeitsmarkt- und integrationspolitisch verant-wortbar ist, und der Ausländer nicht zu ungünstigeren Arbeitsbedingungen als vergleichbare deutsche Arbeitnehmer beschäftigt wird. Für die Beschäftigung stehen deutsche Arbeitnehmer und diesen gleichgestellte Ausländer auch dann zur Verfügung, wenn sie nur mit Förderung der Agentur für Arbeit vermittelt werden können. Der Arbeitgeber, bei dem ein Ausländer beschäftigt werden soll, der dafür eine Zustimmung benötigt, hat der Bundesagentur für Arbeit Auskunft über Arbeitsentgelt, Arbeitszeiten und sonstige Arbeitsbedingungen zu erteilen. (3) Absatz 2 gilt auch, wenn bei Aufenthalten zu anderen Zwecken nach den Abschnitten 3, 5, 6 oder 7 eine Zustimmung der Bundesagentur für Arbeit zur Ausübung einer Beschäf-tigung erforderlich ist.
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(4) Die Zustimmung kann die Dauer und die berufliche Tätigkeit festlegen sowie die Be-schäftigung auf bestimmte Betriebe oder Bezirke beschränken. (5) Die Bundesagentur für Arbeit kann der Erteilung einer Niederlassungserlaubnis nach § 19 zustimmen, wenn sich durch die Beschäftigung des Ausländers nachteilige Auswirkun-gen auf den Arbeitsmarkt nicht ergeben. (6) Staatsangehörigen derjenigen Staaten, die nach dem Vertrag vom 16. April 2003 über den Beitritt der Tschechischen Republik, der Republik Estland, der Republik Zypern, der Republik Lettland, der Republik Litauen, der Republik Ungarn, der Republik Malta, der Republik Polen, der Republik Slowenien und der Slowakischen Republik zur Europäischen Union (BGBl. 2003 II S. 1408) oder nach dem Vertrag vom 25. April 2005 über den Beitritt der Republik Bulgarien und Rumäniens zur Europäischen Union (BGBl. 2006 II S. 1146) der Europäischen Union beigetreten sind, kann von der Bundesagentur für Arbeit eine Beschäftigung, die eine qualifizierte Berufsausbildung voraussetzt, unter den Voraussetzun-gen des Absatzes 2 erlaubt werden, soweit nach Maßgabe dieser Verträge von den Rechtsvorschriften der Europäischen Gemeinschaft abweichende Regelungen Anwen-dung finden. Ihnen ist Vorrang gegenüber zum Zweck der Beschäftigung einreisenden Staatsangehörigen aus Drittstaaten zu gewähren
Estonia

Q1: This information is meant for third country nationals, the European Union citizens don’t need any permission for work or to reside in Estonia. The responsible authority for granting the right to work in Estonia is Citizenship and Migration Board, but the Labour Market Board has to give its consent before an alien can be employed (more information: www.tta.ee). An alien can be granted a residence permit for employment if an open competition has been carried out to staff the post and if, within two months, it has not been possible to recruit anybody through the state employment mediation service. An alien must have the qualifications, education, health, work experience, special skills and knowledge required for the job. The following aliens do not need the consent of the Labour Market Board or an open competition for filling a vacant position: clergymen, nuns and monks invited by religious associations in concordance with the Ministry of Internal Affairs; an alien holding long-term residence permit of the EU Member State; journalists accredited by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs; persons who have the right, proceeding from international law, to work in Estonia without a work permit; teachers and academic staff to work in an educational institution which comply with the requirements established by the relevant national legislation; persons who come to Estonia for creative activities; aliens who come to Estonia to work as members of the management body of a legal entity registered in Estonia in order to perform managerial or supervisory functions; aliens who come to Estonia to make direct foreign investments; those who come to Estonia to establish the branch of a foreign company in Estonia;

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aliens who exercise the right of representation or perform managerial functions by relocation to a company which is registered in Estonia but is part of an international concern; sportsmen, coaches, referees or sports officials for professional activities on the basis of an invitation from a respective sports federation; an expert, adviser, consultant or installer of equipment or skilled worker; aliens who have arrived in Estonia for the implementation of an international co-operation programme which is carried out with the participation of a state or local government authority; aliens who come to Estonia to serve in the diplomatic representation of a foreign country; a posted worker within the purpose of the Working Conditions of Workers who are Posted in Estonia Act Q2: The Citizenship and Migration Board (hereinafter CMB). Q3: The number of aliens who can settle in Estonia is limited. The annual immigration quota is the quota for aliens immigrating to Estonia which shall not exceed 0.05 per cent of the permanent population of Estonia annually. The immigration quota does not apply to the following: - aliens who are ethnic Estonians; - citizens of the European Union, the United States of America, Norway, Iceland, Switzerland and Japan. The Minister of Internal Affairs may, on a reasoned proposal of the concerned minister, exempt specific persons from the immigration quota if their arrival in Estonia is necessary in the national interests for economic, educational, scientific or cultural development. If an alien wants to come to Estonia in order to work here the employer who wishes to employ him/her must apply for the consent of the Labour Market Board (LMB). It is appropriate to contact the LMB to obtain such a consent two months after the public announcement of the competition for the vacancy and the search for an appropriate employee through the LMB. As a general rule an applicant should submit his/her application for a residence permit at a representation of the Republic of Estonia. The following may apply for a temporary residence permit at the Citizenship and Migration Board: - Estonian, his/her wife/husband and underage child; - Estonian citizen’s wife/husband and underage child; - an applicant in the status of long-term resident of another EU Member State; - for a child under twelve months, descent of a foreigner living in Estonia under residence permit; - foreigner staying in Estonia during the activities of international cooperation programme with participation of a governmentalor local government agency; - foreigner staying in Estonia under fixed-term residence permit and applying for a new fixed-term residence permit; - foreigner having received a permit for it from National Citizenship and Immigration Board in exceptional circumstances of his/her inability to apply for residence permit to an Estonian foreign mission due to justified reason; - foreigner having issued a permit for it by the Minister of interior on the motivated proposal of the member of the Government of
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the Republic with justified reason of his/her arrival in Estonia being of national interest; - foreigner, a citizen of the country having a visa freedom pact with Estonia or in whose case Estonia has unilaterally waived visa requirement, and wife/husband and underage child of the named foreigner; - citizen of USA or Japan and his/her wife/husband and underage child; - foreigner, having taken up residence in Estonia before July 1, 1990 and not left to reside in any other country after the named date and who has not been refused a residence permit or prolongation of such or whose residence permit was not declared invalid. The decision as to whether or not to issue a temporary residence permit shall be decided - within a period of 6 months from the date of starting the processing of the application if the immigration quota applies to the applicant; - within a period of 3 months from the date of starting the processing of the application if the immigration quota does not applies to the applicant. The CMB may extend the above-mentioned terms if the checking of the data and documents added to the application and the verification of whether the application is verified takes longer than foreseen for the processing of applications. The CMB shall not review the application if an applicant has not rectified, on time, any deficiencies found in the application or documents, or has not submitted all the necessary documents. An applicant shall be informed on the basis of contacts given in the application about the issue of a residence permit, the place of issue, the extension of the period of processing of his/her application, the refusal to process his/her application or the refusal to issue a residence permit by sending him/her a notice at the address given in the application. Q4: In Estonia the right to work is regulated mostly in the Aliens Act and in Republic of Estonia Employment Contracts Act, please find them www.legaltext.ee. More information about CMB You could find from them homepage www.mig.ee .
Ireland Greece Spain

Q1: As it is stated in the First additional point of the current Regulation of the Constitutional Law 4/2000, of 11 January, on Rights and liberties of the Aliens in Spain and their Social Integration, approved by Royal Decree 2393/2004, of 30 of December, and generally speaking, the competences for, among other things, granting authorisations to reside/work to third country nationals in Spain correspond to the Delegates of the Spanish Government in the provinces (‚Subdelegados del Gobierno‛ if the region has more than one province, or ‚Delegados del Gobierno‛ if the region has only one province‛). In some specific cases, the competence for granting the authorisation to work correspond to the Director-General for Immigration, and the authorisation to reside to the Superintendent-General for Aliens and Documentation (‚Comisario General de Extranjería y Documentación‛). Q2: As it is stated in the First additional point of the current Regulation of the Constitutional Law 4/2000, of 11 January, on Rights
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and liberties of the Aliens in Spain and their Social Integration, approved by Royal Decree 2393/2004, of 30 of December, and generally speaking, the competences for, among other things, granting authorisations to reside/work to third country nationals in Spain correspond to the Delegates of the Spanish Government in the provinces (‚Subdelegados del Gobierno‛ if the region has more than one province, or ‚Delegados del Gobierno‛ if the region has only one province‛). In some specific cases, the competence for granting the authorisation to work correspond to the Director-General for Immigration, and the authorisation to reside to the Superintendent-General for Aliens and Documentation (‚Comisario General de Extranjería y Documentación‛). Q3: We have a single procedure for granting authorisations to reside temporary and work in Spain for employees coming from third countries is regulated by the articles 48-57 of the above mentioned Regulation, and its main characteristics can be summarised as follows: 1.- As general rule, the National Situation of the Employment (NSE) must allow to contract the foreign worker, because of the lack of legal workers in Spain (Spanish or not) to work in the position to be filled. In Spain there is a so called Catalogue of jobs with difficulties to be covered (‚Cat{logo de ocupaciones de difícil cobertura‛), actualised every 3 months by the Spanish Public service for Employment, as a main way to see if the NSE allows or not to contract third country national workers for some determined positions. 2- The employer must apply for the authorisation to be granted, and must have not debts with the Social Security or the Government Tax Office, among other requirements. The foreign worker must not be in illegal situation in Spain, and must not have criminal records in his/her country of origin or in the countries where he/she has lived in the last 5 years, among other requirements. 3- If the authorisation is granted (for one year and with geographical and sector of activity limitations), the foreign worker must apply, in person and not later than one month after the notification that the authorisation has been granted, for the visa to reside and work in Spain in the Spanish Consulate or Diplomatic Mission which correspond to the place where the foreigner lives. 4- If the visa is granted, the foreign worker must enter Spain during the period of validity of the visa (no longer than 3 months). Since he/she has entered Spain, he/she can start working in Spain, and must be registered (‚afiliación y alta‛) in the Social Security as employee. He/she is obliged to apply, in the period of a month since the entrance, for an aliens identity card (‚tarjeta de identidad de extranjero‛), and, if in this moment, or after a month since the entrance in Spain, he/she is not registered in the Spanish Social Security, it will be possible to end the validity of the authorisation previously granted. These first authorisations can be renewed, for 2 years, if the requirements established by the Regulation are accomplished. Q4: The above mentioned Constitutional Law and Regulation; you can find them in the web page: http://extranjeros.mtas.es/
France Italy

Q1: The authority responsible for granting the right to work in Italy is the Ministry of Interior Q2: Q3: 1. http://www.interno.it/mininterno/

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export/sites/default/it/temi/ immigrazione/english_version/ Entry_of_foreign_nationals_into_Italy.html 2. http://www.interno.it/mininterno/ export/sites/default/it/temi/ immigrazione/english_version/ Single_desk_for_immigration.html 3. http://www.interno.it/mininterno/ export/sites/default/it/temi/immigrazione/ english_version/Subordinate_work_-_ Seasonal_work_-_Self-employment.html Q4:
Cyprus Latvia

Q1: State Employment Agency is the responsible authority for granting the rights to work in the Republic of Latvia Q2: The Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs is the responsible authority the work and residence documents Q3: Please find in attachment Table 1 and PowerPoint slide that contain information about the procedure for admission and stay for this category of persons Q4: See doc.

Lithuania Luxembourg Hungary Malta Netherlands Q1: The Centrum voor Werk en Inkomen (CWI) (Centre for Work and Income) is the responsible authority on behalf of the

Minister of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW) (Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid). (www.werk.nl) Q2: The CWI is responsible for the issuing of work permits, the Immigratie- en Naturalisatiedienst (IND) (Immigration and Naturalisation Service) is responsible for the issuing of residence permits Q3: The starting point for the admission of migrants to the Dutch labour market is, that the need for labour has to be met, as much as possible, by utilising the labour supply that is available or can reasonably be expected to become available in the Netherlands, or the labour supply from the EU member states or states that are a party to the EEA Treaty, insofar as the free movement of employees applies to these states. This is the so-called priority labour supply, as defined in Article 1, under g, of the Aliens Employment Act (Wav) (Wet arbeid vreemdelingen). In the Netherlands, labour migration is a matter for the central government, in which regional and local authorities do not play a role.
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The rules for admission into the Netherlands are laid down in the Aliens Act 2000 (Vw 2000) (Vreemdelingenwet 2000) and the resulting legislation and regulations. The Wav regulates the admission of foreign nationals to the Dutch labour market. Admission to the Netherlands with the objective of working is not possible if the foreign national does not have access to the labour market and vice versa. The decisions relating to the application for a residence permit and the application for a work permit therefore affect each other, which Wav Employment Act are closely interlinked. There are several administrative arrangements through which the CWI and the IND work together to deal with applications for admission to the Netherlands in order to work and this co-operation is being expanded in the context of the modernisation of Dutch migration policy which is currently underway. Article 8, first paragraph, under c, of the Wav stipulates that a foreign national who wants to access the Dutch labour market must have a residence permit that allows him to do so. Article 13, opening sentences and under b, of the Vw 2000 stipulates that an application for a residence permit can only be granted if the presence of the foreign national serves a material Dutch interest. For foreign employees the determination whether the foreign national’s presence serves a material Dutch interest is made by the Centrum voor Werk en Inkomen (CWI) (Centre for Work and Income) on behalf of the Minister of Social Affairs and Employment (SZW) (Sociale Zaken en Werkgelegenheid), The CWI, using the Wav, decides whether the intended employer will be granted a work permit. If a person enters the labour market under the highly-skilled migrants arrangement a work permit is not required. Migrants who want to settle in the Netherlands as self-employed entrepreneurs can apply to the IND for a residence permit with the restriction ‘working on a self-employed basis’. No work permit is required in order to work on a self-employed basis, as is laid down in Article 3 of the Wav. If there are special competency requirements for the profession the foreign national wants to practice on a self-employed basis, the foreign national must demonstrate that he meet these requirements. The business activity must serve a material Dutch interest. In order to determine whether the business activity serves a material Dutch interest, advice from the Ministry of Economic Affairs or, depending on the occupation, other ministries is sought Q4: IND: http://www.ind.nl/EN/index.asp All Acts and legislation (in Dutch) can be found on the website: http://wetten.overheid.nl/ The Legislation on work permits is laid down in: Wet Arbeid Vreemdelingen Besluit uitvoering Wet arbeid vreemdelingen Delegatie- en uitvoeringsbesluit Wet arbeid vreemdelingen The legislation on residence permits is laid down in: Vreemdelingenwet 2000 Vreemdelingenbesluit 2000
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Voorschrift Vreemdelingen 2000 Vreemdelingencirculaire 2000
Austria

Q1: AMS (Arbeitsmarktervice = Labour Market Service) which has its competences from Federal Ministry of Economics and Labour) is responsible for issuing a work permit. The employer has to file the application before the locally competent AMS Q2: The competent authority that is issuing residence permits is different from those issuing working permits. Residence permits are being issued by the locally competent Governor of the Provinces. (The Governor can empower the Administrative District Authority). The appeal against the decision goes to the Ministry of Interior Q3: The applicant has to file an application before the locally competent consulate abroad. (§ 21 NAG – Settlement and Residence Act) The consulate forwards the application to the competent authority in Austria, which is the Governor of the Province or the Administrative District Authority and this one has to decide about the application. (§ 22 NAG) Q4: If you interested in the entire text of the Residence and Settlement Act (NAG) as well as the Aliens’ Employment Act (AuslBG) please visit the following website. 1. http://www.ris2.bka.gv.at/GeltendeFassung.wxe?QueryID =Bundesnormen&Gesetzesnummer=20004242& TabbedMenuSelection=BundesrechtTab 2. http://www.ris2.bka.gv.at/GeltendeFassung.wxe?QueryID =Bundesnormen&Gesetzesnummer=10008365& TabbedMenuSelection=BundesrechtTab The most important Section is the following: § 21 par 1 NAG: Erstanträge sind vor der Einreise in das Bundesgebiet bei der örtlich zuständigen Berufsvertretungsbehörde im Ausland einzubringen. Die Entscheidung ist im Ausland abzuwarten. § 22 par 1 NAG: Die örtlich zuständige Berufsvertretungsbehörde im Ausland hat auf die Richtigkeit und Vollständigkeit des Antrages hinzuwirken, die Antragsdaten zu erfassen und den Antrag dem zuständigen Landeshauptmann weiterzuleiten. Wird der Antrag bei einer örtlich unzuständigen Berufsvertretungsbehörde eingebracht, ist dieser von ihr ohne weiteres Verfahren zurückzuweisen und der Antragsteller an die zuständige Berufsvertretungsbehörde zu verweisen Q1: Voivode (i.e. local authority) Q2: Voivode, in both cases

Poland

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Q3: Exemplary procedure: The employer undertakes attempt to fill the vacancy with the Polish national or another person who does not require a work permit. In order to do so all reasonable efforts should be made1. A permit may be granted when the employer has no alternative but to employ a non-EEA national2. The employer applies for a work permit to local authority (voivode). The voivode examines the application taking into account the local labour market situation – through the ‚labour market test‛ (described in point 1) or – in the economic needs test, in case the labour market test is not applicable for any reason. The voivode issues a promise, that proceeds the issue of a work permit. The employer sends a promise to a foreigner, who applies for a visa for the purpose of work in the Polish consulate at foreigner’s place of residence. The promise should be enclosed to a visa application. After arrival to Poland the foreigner is obliged to legalise his/her residence (i.e. obtain temporary residence permit if he/she intends to be here for more then the visa validity). After the foreigner receives the above mentioned permit, the employer provides the voivode with the possible date of commencement of work and the voivode issues a work permit (for the period not longer than the visa or residence permit). The employer signs an agreement with a foreigner for the time specified in the work permit Q4: Act on promotion of employment and labour market institutions of 20 April 2004 (Journal of Laws of 2004, No. 99, item 1001 with further amendments) [in Polish].
http://eur-lex.europa.eu/nlex//exec.html?todo=open&eurovocAction=NULL&corpus=pl.legis.prawo&year1=2004&conncmd=visuDoc&id=WDU20040991001&titre=zatrudnienia&lang=pl

Followed by regulations issued by the Minister of Labour and Social Policy and regional (issued by voivodes) regulations on criteria of issuing promises and work permits for foreigners. Act on Aliens of 13 June 2003 (Journal of Laws of 2003, No 128, it. 1175 with further amendments) [in English]:
http://www.udsc.gov.pl/Polish,law,265.html

Portugal

Q1: In Portugal the right to work is "incorporated" in the residence permit. Therefore the right to work is not autonomous from the right to reside. Q2: Borders and Aliens Service - Serviço de Estrangeiros e Fronteiras (SEF) is the national authority responsible for granting residence permits. Q3: The legal framework for granting residence permits is basically art. 77º of Law 23/07 (Aliens Law). Q4: See doc.

1

The prospective employer is obliged to make an announcement of a free vacancy in the labour agencies, press, internet and in the EURES (the European Employment Services network) 2 A work permit is applied for and issued to an employer as permission to employ a specific, named, non-EEA national, for a specific job, for a specific period of time. 11 of 15

EMN Ad-Hoc query: Employment of third countries nationals Romania Slovenia

Aliens, who are citizens of a third country may be employed or work in the Republic of Slovenia on condition that they are in possession of a work permit. Work permits are issued by the Employment Service of Slovenia. Permits for temporary residence in the Republic of Slovenia are issued and extended by the administrative unit in whose territory an alien resides or intends to reside. Permanent residence permits are issued by the administrative unit in whose territory an alien resides. An alien, who intends to reside in Slovenia for the reason of employment and work, must acquire a permit for first residence in the Republic of Slovenia prior to his entry into the country. The application for the permit should be filed at the diplomatic consular mission of the Republic of Slovenia. The applicant must attach to the application the valid travel document, whose validity must be at least three months longer than the intended residence in the Republic of Slovenia, and documents proving the appropriate health insurance, sufficient funds of subsistence and work permit. After an application has been received, the diplomatic consular mission sends it to a competent administrative unit, which makes a decision. Aliens are issued the permit for first residence in the Republic of Slovenia for the same period for which the work permit is valid, but for no longer than one year. A residence permit is issued to aliens, who are citizens of the third countries, in the form of a sticker, defined with a Council regulation (EC) No 1030/2002 of 13 June 2002 laying down a uniform format for residence permits for third-country nationals, affixed to the passport. The diplomatic consular mission of the Republic of Slovenia abroad hands a permit for first residence, decision or written order in person. A permit for temporary residence may be extended under the same conditions under which it was issued.

Slovak Republic Sweden Finland

Q1: The Finnish Immigration Service the responsible authority issuing first residence permit and the local police is the responsible authority issuing extended permits. However, issuing a residence permit for an employed person is a two-phase-procedure involving two authorities. The employment office is in charge of deliberations concerning employment and means of support. It makes a preliminary decision, either accepting or rejecting the application, which it forwards to the Finnish Immigration Service Q2: The Finnish Immigration Service the responsible authority issuing first residence permit and the local police is the responsible authority issuing extended permits. However, issuing a residence permit for an employed person is a two-phase-procedure involving two authorities. The employment office is in charge of deliberations concerning employment and means of support. It makes a preliminary decision, either accepting or rejecting the application, which it forwards to the Finnish Immigration Service Q3: The Finnish Immigration Service then checks on whether the other requirements for residence in Finland are met. If the
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labour force bureau indicates that the requirements for granting a residence permit for an employed person are not met, the Finnish Immigration Service will reject the application. If the employment office's opinion is favourable and there are no general obstacles to the applicant's entry to and residence in Finland, the Finnish Immigration Service will grant the applicant a residence permit. Q4: See Aliens Act attached, especially chapter 5. We are currently in the process of renewing our legislation considering the sections on residence permit for employment. The aim is to promote labour migration. The Government's proposal shall be submitted to the Parliament later this year.
United Kingdom

Q1: The Border and Immigration Agency (www.bia.homeoffice.gov.uk) of the Home Office are responsible along with UKVisas (www.ukvisas.gov.uk) for the granting of the right to work for third country nationals Q2: The Border and Immigration Agency are also responsible for work and residence permits. Q3: The procedure for admission and stay is dependant on the type of employment of the third country national. Further information can be found at http://www.bia.homeoffice.gov.uk/workingintheuk/. A new development in the UK with regards to the employment of third country nationals is the Points-Based System (PBS). It will enable the UK to control migration more effectively, tackle abuse and identify the most talented workers. This system is being introduced in phases. The key elements of the PBS are: More information on the points based system can be found at: http://www.bia.homeoffice.gov.uk/managingborders/managingmigration/apointsbasedsystem/. The Immigration rules for the PBS can be found through the following link: http://www.bia.homeoffice.gov.uk/policyandlaw/immigrationlaw/immigrationrules/part6a/ Q4: The legislation for the employment of third country nationals can be found through the following link: http://www.bia.homeoffice.gov.uk/policyandlaw/immigrationlaw/immigrationrules/part5/

Belgium Q1 and Q2: The core of the legislation concerning the entry, residence, settlement and removal of foreigners (Immigration Act of 15 December 1980) does not contain any specific provisions regarding the entry of third country nationals to Belgium for the purposes of paid employment. A distinction is only made between short-stay entry (less than three months) and long-stay entry. The provisions regulating long-stay entry apply to third-country nationals coming to work in Belgium for more than 3 months. Foreigners coming to Belgium to work for less than 3 months, only need a tourist visa. The key principle is that before coming to Belgium the foreign national has to find an employer who is prepared to apply for an employment authorisation for him or her. The employer has to draw up a contract of employment and submit an application ‚for

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employment of a foreign worker‛. If the employment authorisation is granted after a labour market study, a category B work permit is also issued for the employee. The foreign national can use this work permit to apply for a type D visa to come to Belgium. The application must be submitted to the local employment service of the place of employment, which has to check whether the application includes all the necessary documents. The employment service then sends the application to the competent labour department of Flanders, Brussels-Capital, Wallonia or the German-speaking Community (work permit applications for an au pair, trainee, specialist technical worker or a national of a new EU MS for a ‘bottleneck occupation’ can be submitted directly with the competent immigration department). The labour service then checks whether the application meets all the criteria. If no additional information is required, it will normally take a decision within a few weeks of receipt of the application. The immigration service notifies the employer of its decision in writing. Q3 Q4

Q3. Belgium

Q4. Belgium

Portugal Q4
Q4. Portugal

Latvia Q3
Q3. Latvia

Q4
Q4. Latvia

Q4
Q3. Latvia
Q4. Latvia

Q4

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Q4. Latvia

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