"DEPARTMENT OF PLANT PROTECTION Frequently Asked Questions"
DEPARTMENT OF PLANT PROTECTION Frequently Asked Questions 1. What are the functions of DPP? I. REGULATORY 1. Enforcement of Agriculture Pesticide Ordinance 1971. 2. Enforcement of Pakistan Plant Quarantine Act, 1976. II. EXTENTION 1. Locust Survey and control in Desert Areas in Pakistan and other Locust affected countries. 2. Crop Pest control by Air. III. ADVISORY - Advise Government on all aspects of Plant Protection including International obligation. IV. INTERNATIONAL COORDINATION - International Coordination with FAO, WTO and International Plant Protection Convention. 2. What is its staff position? Ans: Sanctioned Strength Existing Vacant Officer 135 93 42 Staff 631 489 142 3. What are the divisions of the plant protection? Ans: (i) Locust survey and control (ii) Aerial Pest Control (iii) Plant Quarantine (iv) Pesticides Registration including pesticide Lab 4. What are the functions of the Locust Division? Ans: FUNCTION OF LOCUST DIVISION Survey: Vigilant watch on Locust Situation by regular field survey in the locust breeding areas. Coordination: 1. Forecast & Warning of locust situation in Pakistan and neighboring countries through periodical bulletin. 2. Coordination with FAO particularly the countries in southwest commission about locust situation on locust invasion countries. Control: 1. Maintenance ground shock force of Vehicles staff to meet emergencies. 2. Maintenance well equipped aerial unit for control in accessible and difficult terrains. Regular Vigilance Locust breeding areas of Pakistan have been divided in 3 zones and 5 regions where permanent offices have been established. 5. What are Locust seasons? Ans: Winter/Spring Breeding Zone 1. Quetta, Khuzdar, Kharan, Nushki. 2. Turbat, Panjgur, Pasni and Gwadar. Summer/Monsoon Breeding Zone 1. Karachi, Tharparkar and Lasbela deserts. 2. Sukkur, Nara Desert. 3. Bahawalpur, Cholistan desert, Rahimyar Khan. Overlapping Breeding Zone Uthal 6. What is the performance of the locust division? Ans: Pakistan remained free from gregarious locust activity throughout the previous year. However, scattered matured solitary adults population ranging from 1-50/ ha. were observed in 72 localities of Nara, Cholistan and Tharparkar deserts in summer / monsoon areas of Balochistan. A maximum population of 50 adults / ha. was observed at Jatmal (2728N-6949E) in Sukkur area on 18-10-2006. 7. How do we control locust? Ans: Previously dusting the vegetation in the desert with B.H.C. now safer pesticides like malathian, Decis, Fenithrothion are sprayed either by ground application or aerial spray. 8. Are there aircraft with the department? Ans: Yes, we have aircraft for aerial spray, afforestration, and aerial survey. 9. What is locust? Ans: Locusts are six legged animals that live and breed in desert area. They are fliers and strong eaters which cause heavy damage to plant wealth in some years. 10. What is the locust situation in the country? Ans: It is calm. However, survey is continued. 11. What is the aerial pest control? Ans: It is control of pests in orchards, sugar cane, cotton, rice etc in emergency upon request. The spray by aircraft with special dispersing equipment. Undiluted pesticides are sprayed. 12. What is the plant quarantine? Ans: It is a pest control through exclusion. The foreign pests are disallowed entry through import of plants and plants product and at the same time allowing export of pest free agriculture material in order to bring about safe trade to and check pest sprayed. 13. What are the organizations of plant in county? Ans: Plant Quarantine work is done by Plant Quarantine Division in the Department of Plant Protection, which has the legal authority and management responsibility. The organizational arrangements are as per Article IV of the International Plant Protection Convention, 1997. The Head Office is at Karachi and the quarantine stations are located at the seaports, airports, dry ports and, land border points for the convenience of traders. These are modestly staffed and equipped. There are laboratories for support. 14. What is the objective of plant quarantine? Ans: The objective is to protect national plant wealth through legislative means and to facilitate trade of plants and plant products. 15. What is the performance of plant Quarantine in the country? Ans: The department had cleared over eight million tons of agricultural commodities on the export and import side. The material included rice, pulses, seeds and planting material, jute, vegetables, raw cotton, tobacco, spices, medicinal herbs etc. and collected revenue of around 40 million rupees. With the efforts of the department, access to market for our products has increased. We exported 167,000 ton rice to Kenya, and over 200,000 ton citrus to Russia, Iran, Afghanistan, UAE etc. China has agreed to import rice, mango and citrus from us. The agricultural trade of Pakistan is comfortable because of; inter alia, good performance of this department. 16. What is the pesticide registration? Ans: Pesticide are regulated through the Agricultural Pesticide Ordinance 1971 read with the Agricultural Pesticides (Amendment) Act 1992 and 1997 and the rules framed there under. The responsibility of registration / permission for import and quality control is vested with the Federal Government and executed though the Department of Plant Protection. Pesticides are registered under the trade name (Form-1) after efficacy evaluation trials of two crop seasons by at least two agencies; under generic name (Form-16) after laboratory analysis of the registration samples and permitted for import under trade name (Form-1) on proof of their being registered in the country of manufacture and used in any member country of OECD or China. The registration position of pesticides is given as under: Form - 1 = 337 Form - 16 (Generic) = 2455 Form - 17 (Registered Abroad) = 647 Total: = 3439 17. What is the fast track registration system? Ans: In order to facilitate the registrants / importers, Department of Plant Protection, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock has started the Fast Track Registration of Agriculture Pesticide. This system is for products already registered on Form-16. Presently, there are 34 pesticides identified from different sources for registration without undergoing laboratory analysis. This has cut the time period required for registration. 18. What is pre Shipment inspection? Ans: In order to facilitate the quality of pesticides the Department of Plant Protection, Ministry of Food, Agriculture & Livestock has started the Pre- Shipment Inspection of agricultural Pesticides. The main objective of Pre- Shipment Inspection is to ensure the quality of pesticides as per provision of Agricultural Pesticides Ordinance 1971 as amended from time to time and rules framed there under. 19. What is performance of Federal Pesticide Lab? Ans: This is for determining the pesticide quality. Each year around eight hundred sample for pesticide product (including technical grade material are analyzed for quality)(inconsistency of ingridiance, impiorities, physical state etc) the sample may be from import consignment and reference samples from the pesticide inspectors and foreign manufacturers. 20. Does the department register filling, repacking, formulation and manufacturing plants? Ans: Yes 21. Are there development projects? Ans: Yes, as follows: i. Commissioning of Vapour Heat Treatment (VHT) Plant ii. Operationalization/Commissioning of Plant Quarantine Laboratory iii. Establishment of Post Entry Quarantine Station at Port Qasim iv. Pesticides Quality Control and Research Laboratory in Balochistan v. Accreditation of Quarantine Facilities and training of Staff of CPQL, DPP vi. Construction of Sukkur outpost for desert locus survey and control work vii. Construction of Pasni outpost for desert locus survey and control work