Fashion Institute of New York � SUNY Class Notes � Ch. 4 Proposed by guym13


									                        Fashion Institute of New York – SUNY
                                   Class Notes – Ch. 4
                            Proposed Meeting Plan No. 8
1. Status – a social position that a person holds
    “Before we can deal with anyone, we need to know who that person is”. The idea of
    position generally implies that this is a vertical hierarchy (show student hierarchy?
    Maybe professor hierarchy? Actor hierarchy?).
        a. Ascribed status – a social position that a person receives at birth or takes on
            involuntarily in life. Ex. European-American, teenager, widower, Hispanic
        b. Achieved status - a social position a person takes on voluntarily that reflects
            personal ability and effort Ex. Honors student, thief, football player, criminal,
        c. Master status – a status that has special importance for social identity. Ex.
            disabled, race, ethnicity
        d. Status set – All the statuses a person holds at a given time
    - Many societies use ascriptive status more than others. You are born into a certain
    family or caste or race, you have a higher position. Talk about the connection between
    values and status…how in the United States, ascribed status and achieved status often
    conflict. Ask how they feel about wealthy versus middle class, and inheritance
    (ascriptive vs. achievement)
2. Role – behavior expected of someone who holds a particular status
    “You hold a status and perform a role”
        a. Role set – the roles attached to a status set
        b. Role conflict – sometimes the behaviors expected of roles are contradictory or
            cause mental strain. Usually, this is because one status has a role which causes
            problems for another status and its role. You are both a Son/Daughter (status)
            and a young adult (status). What is the contradiction?
        c. Role strain – the same status has two roles that are often in conflict…EX. The
            behavior expected of a professor (status) is both teacher (role) and friend (role).
            Or an intern (status) is expected to be both learner (role) and worker (role).
3. Social construction of reality – the process by which people creatively shape reality
    through social interaction
        a. We are not always clear about what should happen in a situation, so we create a
            reality…using status, roles, class, culture
        b. People build reality from the surrounding culture (we have working class
            cultures and different ethnic cultures...reality is different within these cultures)
4. Presentation of self – a person’s efforts to create specific impressions in the minds of
    others (impression management)
        a. We put on performances like in a play…the status is the part, the role is the
        b. We have costumes, we have props, and we have a demeanor, and we do
            everything on a set.

5. Class ending activity – If Possible

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