Army Industrial Hygiene News and Regulatory Summary by cgz15130


									                                                April 2009

                                                                     Army Industrial Hygiene
                                                                      News and Regulatory
This information is published by the Industrial Hygiene and Medical Safety Management (IHMSM) for the U.S. Army Center for
Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine as a service to the Army Industrial Hygiene Program, Federal agencies, and industrial
hygienist throughout the Federal and private sector.

                 Table of Contents                                         TOPIC OF THE MONTH
                                                                  Page #

TOPIC OF THE MONTH-                                                                            Swine Influenza (Flu)
  Swine Influenza (Flu) .................................... 1
KEY INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE TOPICS .......... 2                                                           Human cases of swine influenza A
  Ergonomics .................................................... 2                                  (H1N1) virus infection have been
  Hazardous Substances.................................... 3                                         identified in the United States. Human
SAFETY ........................................................... 10                                cases of swine influenza A (H1N1)
DEPLOYMENT HEALTH .............................. 11                                                  virus infection also have been
INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE PROFESSIONAL                                                                      identified internationally. The current
 NEWS ............................................................. 11                               U.S. case count is provided below.
  AIHA ........................................................... 11
  NIOSH ......................................................... 13
  OSHA .......................................................... 13       An investigation and response effort surrounding the
                                                                           outbreak of swine flu is ongoing.

USACHPPM                                                                   The CDC is working very closely with officials in states
5158 Blackhawk Road                                                        where human cases of swine influenza A (H1N1) have been
Aberdeen Proving Grounds, MD 21010-5403
                                                                           identified, as well as with health officials in Mexico, Canada
Phone: (410)436-2439                                                       and the World Health Organization. This includes deploying
Fax: (410)436-8795                                                         staff domestically and internationally to provide guidance
E-mail:                                              and technical support.
We’re on the Web!                                      The CDC activated its Emergency Operations Center to
                                                                           coordinate the agency's response to this emerging health
POC:                                                                       threat and yesterday the Secretary of the Department
Sandra Parker-Monk, CIH                                                    Homeland Security, Janet Napolitano, declared a public
Program Manager                                                            health emergency in the United States. This will allow funds
                                                                           to be released to support the public health response. The
                                                                           CDC's goals during this public health emergency are to
                                                                           reduce transmission and illness severity, and provide
                                                                           information to assist health care providers, public health
                                                                           officials and the public in addressing the challenges posed
                                                                           by this newly identified influenza virus. To this end, CDC
                                                                           has issued a number of interim guidance documents.

                                                                             Use of trademarked names does not imply endorsement by the U.S. Army but
                                                                             is intended only to assist in identification of a specific product.
In addition, CDC's Division of the Strategic National Stockpile (SNS) is releasing one-quarter of its antiviral
drugs, personal protective equipment, and respiratory protection devices to help states respond to the outbreak.
Laboratory testing has found the swine influenza A (H1N1) virus susceptible to the prescription antiviral drugs
oseltamivir and zanamivir. This is a rapidly evolving situation and CDC will provide updated guidance and new
information as it becomes                                                       available.

                                            U.S. Human Cases of Swine Flu Infection
                                            (As of April 26, 2009 9:00 AM ET)
                                            State                            # of laboratory
                                                                             confirmed cases
                                            California                       7 cases
                                            Kansas                           2 cases
                                            New York City                    28 cases
                                            Ohio                             1 case
                                            Texas                            2 cases
                                            TOTAL COUNT                      40 cases
                                            International Human Cases of Swine Flu Infection
                                            See: World Health Organization

                                         More information can be found at

 Attendees at the 24-25 March 2009 DoD Track of the Applied Ergonomics Conference heard expert
 presentations on how the department achieves its ergonomics goals through comprehensive risk assessments,
 innovative equipment design, ergonomic interventions, and collaborative installation program development.

 These presentations are now available for downloading!
 Go to and follow the link on the home page to access these full conference
 presentations, listed alphabetically by author:
 • Elements for Funding, Implementing, and Creating Ergonomics Solutions
 Richard Borcicky
 • Hand-Arm Vibration at a U.S. Army Installation
 Steven Chervak
 • A DoD Frontier: Ergonomic Safety for Patients and Staff
 Patricia Collins
 • Ten Terrific Tips to Improve DoD Workers’ Compensation Outcomes
 Connie Fox-Samson
 • Assessing Musculoskeletal Injury Risk During Product Development
 Don Goddard

  “The views expressed in this article are those of the author and do not reflect the official policy of the Department of the Army, Department of
  Defense, or the U.S. Government.”

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 • Ergonomic Challenge: Pentagon and Leased Facilities for 60,000 Workers
 Brian P. J. Higgins
 • Army Installation Program Development
 Kelsey McCoskey
 • Initiating and Sustaining Ergonomics Interventions in Decentralized Organizations
 Sean McDonald
 • ErgoFix: A Field Test of a Computer Workstation Self-Assessment Program
 John Pentikis
 • Navy Mishap Prevention and Hazard Abatement Program
 Cathy Rothwell
 • Keeping Employees Healthy at Work Through Proper Ergonomics
 Sharon Terrell-Lindsay
 • Embracing Vendor Relationships to Improve Quality
 Sharon Wilson
 • Defense Occupational Health Readiness System: Identifying Ergonomic Hazards
 Kevin Wisniewski
 • Ergonomics: An Army Industrial Hygienist’s Corporate Perspective
 Kevin Wisniewski

Hazardous Substances


    Summary of Retrospective Asbestos and Welding Fume Exposure Estimates for a Nuclear Naval
                Shipyard and Their Correlation with Radiation Exposure Estimates

In support of a nested case-control study at a U.S. naval shipyard, the results of the reconstruction of historical
exposures were summarized, and an analysis was undertaken to determine the impact of historical exposures to
potential chemical confounders. The nested case-control study (N = 4388) primarily assessed the relationship
between lung cancer and external ionizing radiation. Chemical confounders considered important were asbestos
and welding fume (as iron oxide fume), and the chromium and nickel content of welding fume. Exposures to the
potential confounders were estimated by an expert panel based on a set of quantitatively defined categories of
exposure. Distributions of the estimated exposures and trends in exposures over time were examined for the
study population. Scatter plots and Spearman rank correlation coefficients were used to assess the degree of
association between the estimates of exposure to asbestos, welding fume, and ionizing radiation. Correlation
coefficients were calculated separately for 0-, 15-, 20-, and 25-year time-lagged cumulative exposures, total
radiation dose (which included medical X-ray dose) and occupational radiation dose. Exposed workers'
estimated cumulative exposures to asbestos ranged from 0.01 fiber-days/cm3 to just under 20,000 fiber-
days/cm3, with a median of 29.0 fiber-days/cm3. Estimated cumulative exposures to welding fume ranged from
0.16 mg-days/m3 to just over 30,000 mg-days/m3, with a median of 603 mg-days/m3. Spearman correlation
coefficients between cumulative radiation dose and cumulative asbestos exposures ranged from 0.09
(occupational dose) to 0.47 (total radiation dose), and those between radiation and welding fume from 0.14 to
0.47. The estimates of relative risk for ionizing radiation and lung cancer were unchanged when lowest and
highest estimates of asbestos and welding fume were considered. These results suggest a fairly large proportion
of study population workers were exposed to asbestos and welding fume, that the absolute level of

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 confounding exposure did not affect the risk estimates, and that weak relationships existed between monitored
 lifetime cumulative occupational radiation dose and asbestos or welding fume.

 Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Volume 6, Issue 7 July 2009 , pages 404 - 414
 (Available with AIHA membership)


                                       Safety with Sodium Hypochlorite

 The Chlorine Institute Inc. (CI) has published an updated version of its online Sodium Hypochlorite
 Incompatibility Chart, which provides guidance to avoid accidental mixing of sodium hypochlorite
 (commonly known as bleach) that could lead to dangerous conditions.

 Sodium hypochlorite – or bleach, as it is often called – should not be mixed with any other chemical unless
 adequate engineering controls are in place and personal protective equipment is used. Accidental mixing may
 cause dangerous conditions that could result in injury to people and damage to property or the environment.

 Incompatible materials addressed in the chart include:

 •    Acids and acidic compounds;
 •    Chemicals and cleaning compounds containing ammonia;
 •    Organic chemicals and chemical compounds;
 •    Metals;
 •    Hydrogen peroxide;
 •    Reducing agents; and
 •    Oxidizing agents.

 In addition, sodium hypochlorite should not be exposed directly to sunlight or ultraviolet light.

 Common locations where accidental mixing of incompatible chemicals can occur include containment
 systems, drains, sinks, unloading piping and warehouse storage areas. The chart covers the more common
 industrial chemicals where incompatible mixing can occur, and explains briefly the potential hazards that can
 result. It is intended primarily for industrial sodium hypochlorite users.

 Sodium hypochlorite is used for water and wastewater disinfection; a weak solution is used for household
 bleach. Notification about this updated chart is part of a new CI initiative to provide a vast majority of its
 informative technical resources free to help improve chlor-alkali safety and security.

 The Sodium Hypochlorite Incompatibility Chart is free and can be downloaded as a PDF.


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 Blood Borne Pathogens

               Canadian Standard Targets Airborne Contaminants in the Operating Room

 The Canadian Standards Association (CSA) announced a standard to help protect health care workers in
 surgical, diagnostic, therapeutic and aesthetic settings exposed to noxious airborne contaminants, collectively
 called "plume."

 Procedures that require instruments such as surgical lasers to treat a patient can generate toxic smoke and
 other vapors that may create an occupational health risk for health care workers and other professionals. The
 use of surgical lasers, electrosurgical generators, broadband light sources, ultrasonic instruments, and bone
 saws create plume as human tissue is cut, ablated or coagulated. This plume can contain a variety of
 contaminants, including viable bacteria, viruses, cellular debris and toxic aerosols.

 Research into the long-terms effects of plume has only recently begun, but numerous studies indicate that
 health risk-factors are present. Studies have shown that one puff of plume can be the same as three puffs from
 an unfiltered cigarette and that plume may contain serious and even deadly bacteria or viruses that can infect
 others in the operating room.

 The Plume Scavenging Standard is a voluntary standard designed to enhance the safety of individuals in
 surgical, diagnostic, therapeutic, and aesthetic settings. The standard provides guidance on the purchasing,
 installation, testing, use, servicing, and regular maintenance of systems that collect and filter contaminants
 that might otherwise enter the atmosphere.

 Plume occurs in a variety of settings in addition to operating rooms and also may pose a danger to workers in
 dental clinics, laboratories, R&D, veterinary, cosmetic, teaching and manufacturing facilities. Generally,
 patients are not at risk from plume. As a precaution, procedures are outlined in the standard to protect both
 patients and clients.

 CSA Z305.13-09 Plume Scavenging Standard is available for purchase at


                            Dust Control Effectiveness of Drywall Sanding Tools

 In this laboratory study, four drywall sanding tools were evaluated in terms of dust generation rates in the
 respirable and thoracic size classes. In a repeated measures study design, 16 participants performed simulated
 drywall finishing tasks with each of four tools: (1) ventilated sander, (2) pole sander, (3) block sander, and (4)
 wet sponge. Dependent variables of interest were thoracic and respirable breathing zone dust concentrations.
 Analysis by Friedman's Test revealed that the ventilated drywall sanding tool produced significantly less dust,
 of both size classes, than did the other three tools. The pole and wet sanders produced significantly less dust
 of both size classes than did the block sander. The block sander, the most commonly used tool in drywall
 finishing operations, produced significantly more dust of both size classes than did the other three tools. When
 compared with the block sander, the other tools offer substantial dust reduction. The ventilated tool reduced
 respirable concentrations by 88% and thoracic concentrations by 85%. The pole sander reduced respirable
 concentrations by 58% and thoracic by 50%. The wet sander produced reductions of 60% and 47% in

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 the respirable and thoracic classes, respectively. Wet sponge sanders and pole sanders are effective at
 reducing breathing-zone dust concentrations; however, based on its superior dust control effectiveness, the
 ventilated sander is the recommended tool for drywall finishing operations.

 Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Volume 6, Issue 7 July 2009 , pages 385 - 389
 (Available with AIHA membership)


                        EPA Proposes Significant Mercury Emissions Reductions

 The EPA is proposing to significantly reduce mercury emissions from Portland cement kilns, the fourth-
 largest source of mercury air emissions in the U.S., according to an agency press release. The proposal would
 set the nation’s first limits on mercury emissions from existing Portland cement kilns and would strengthen
 the limits for new kilns.

 The proposed standards also would set emission limits for total hydrocarbons, particulate matter, and sulfur
 dioxide from cement kilns of all sizes, and would reduce hydrochloric acid emissions from kilns that are large

 Mercury in the air eventually deposits into water, where it changes into methylmercury, a highly toxic form
 that builds up in fish, according to EPA. Americans are primarily exposed to mercury by eating contaminated
 fish. Because the developing fetus is the most sensitive to the toxic effects of methylmercury, women of
 childbearing age and children are regarded as the population of greatest concern.

 The majority of the toxic emissions at cement kilns come from the burning of fuels and heating of raw
 materials. When fully implemented in 2013, EPA estimates that this rule would reduce annual emissions by at
 Mercury – 11,600 pounds, a reduction of 81 percent Total hydrocarbons – 11,700 tons, or 75 percent
 Particulate matter – 10,500 tons, or 96 percent Hydrochloric acid – 2,800 tons, or 94 percent Sulfur dioxide –
 160,000 tons, or 90 percent

 The EPA estimates the benefits of this proposed rule will significantly outweigh costs.
 The proposal is in response to a request to reconsider the December 2006 emissions standards for Portland
 cement manufacturing facilities.

 The EPA will take public comments on the proposal for 60 days after publication in the Federal Register. The
 EPA will hold a public hearing on the proposal if one is requested. Hearing requests must be received within
 15 days of publication in the Federal Register.


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                   ISEA will Petition OSHA to Prohibit Silica Use for Abrasive Blasting

 The International Safety Equipment Association (ISEA) Board of Trustees has approved a petition to OSHA
 that will ask the agency to amend regulations at 29 CFR 1910.94 to prohibit using silica (sand) for abrasive

 Establishing a prohibited practice, the petition notes, is an expedited manner of protecting workers since the
 regulatory process required to establish permissible exposure limits can take a number of years (silica has
 been on OSHA’s regulatory agenda since 1974). In fact, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and
 Health has recommended banning the use of silica in abrasive blasting since 1974.

 The petition notes that sandblasting continues to be one of the areas of greatest exposure to respirable
 crystalline silica, and that other countries have banned the use of silica sand in abrasive blasting. Several state
 departments of transportation have banned the use of silica for abrasive blasting in outdoor projects, such as

 The petition fits with OSHA’s own National Emphasis Program on silica, which began in January 2008. The
 program directs OSHA’s field offices to inspect workplaces with elevated silica exposures and to provide
 compliance assistance to employers. The Agency has said that reducing and ultimately eliminating the
 workplace incidence of silicosis has been a primary goal of OSHA’s since its inception. The ISEA member
 company representatives have met with their congressional delegations to build support for the petition. The
 Risk and Insurance Management Society has already stated its support for the petition. Other organizations
 have been asked to sign on.



 The Effect of Workload on Biological Monitoring of Occupational Exposure to Toluene and N-Hexane:
                    Contribution of Physiologically Based Toxicokinetic Modeling

 A physiologically based toxicokinetic model was used to examine the impact of work load on the relationship
 between the airborne concentrations and exposure indicator levels of two industrial solvents, toluene and n-
 Hexane. The authors simulated occupational exposure (8 hr/day, 5 days/week) at different concentrations,
 notably 20 ppm and 50 ppm, which are the current threshold limit values recommended by ACGIH® for
 toluene and n-hexane, respectively. Different levels of physical activity, namely, rest, 25 W, and 50 W (for 12
 hr followed by 12 hr at rest) were simulated to assess the impact of work load on the recommended biological
 exposure indices: toluene in blood prior to the last shift of the workweek, urinary o-cresol (a metabolite of
 toluene) at the end of the shift, and free (nonhydrolyzed) 2,5-hexanedione (a metabolite of n-hexane) at the
 end of the shift at the end of the workweek. In addition, urinary excretion of unchanged toluene was
 simulated. The predicted biological concentrations were compared with the results of both experimental
 studies among human volunteers and field studies among workers. The highest predicted increase with
 physical exercise was noted for toluene in blood (39 μg/L at 50 W vs. 14 μg/L at rest for 20 ppm, i.e., a 2.8-
 fold increase). The end-of-shift urinary concentrations of o-cresol and toluene were two times higher at 50 W
 than at rest (for 20 ppm, 0.65 vs. 0.33 mg/L for o-cresol and 43 vs. 21 μg/L for toluene).

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 Urinary 2,5-hexanedione predicted for 50 ppm was 1.07 mg/L at 50 W and 0.92 mg/L at rest (+16%). The
 simulations that best describe the concentrations among workers exposed to toluene are those corresponding
 to 25 W or less. In conclusion, toxicokinetic modeling confirms the significant impact of work load on toluene
 exposure indicators, whereas only a very slight effect is noted on n-hexane kinetics. These results highlight
 the necessity of taking work load into account in risk assessment relative to toluene exposure.

 Source: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, Volume 6, Issue 7 July 2009 , pages 415 - 432
 (Available with AIHA membership)

                   SAMHSA Offers Guide for Health Issues Related to Financial Stress

 A new online guide provides information and resource referrals for people dealing with emotional or other
 health problems associated with economic hard times. The “Getting through Tough Economic Times” guide
 provides practical advice on identifying health concerns, developing coping skills and finding help.

 Developed by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) the guide outlines
 the risks that unemployment and other forms of economic distress (foreclosure, severe financial losses, etc.)
 can pose to health.

 Based on a review of the scientific literature published in the last 20 years, the guide notes that although these
 economic problems may affect individuals differently, for many people economic hardship contributes to
 increased risk for a variety of conditions including:

   •   Depression
   •   Anxiety
   •   Compulsive Behaviors (over-eating, excessive gambling, spending, etc.)
   •   Substance abuse

 The guide also provides individuals and communities with practical steps that can be used to get through these
 tough periods and achieve restored health and productivity. In particular the guide provides:

   •   Important information on identifying the warning signs of depression, suicidal thinking and other serious
       mental illnesses.

   •   Effective steps to help manage emotional distress, such as through exercise, strengthening connections
       with family and friends, and developing new job skills.

   •   Resources for getting help -- such as the National Mental Health Information Center for information on where to access help on a wide range of
       mental illnesses.


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                                   The Army Reduces Carbon Bootprint

 The Army embarked on a service-wide effort to measure its "carbon
 bootprint," with the aim of reducing the effect it has on the
 environment while at the same time optimizing its use of fossil fuels.

 The Army completed a proof-of-concept study at 12 installations to
 measure the amount of greenhouse gases it puts into the environment.
 The total amount of gasses put into the environment by an organization
 constitutes its "carbon footprint." The study looked at emissions that
 included water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, ozone
 and chlorofluorocarbons. The most predominate of those emissions are
 carbon dioxide and then methane.

 The greenhouse gas proof-of-concept study was conducted at Fort Carson, Colo.; Fort Benning, Ga.;
 Letterkenny Army Depot, Pa.; Fort Indiantown Gap, Pa.; Aberdeen Proving Ground, Md.; Redstone Arsenal,
 Ala.; Fort Drum, N.Y.; Schofield Barracks, Hawaii; Fort Rucker, Ala.; Fort Campbell, Ky.; Fort Hood, Texas;
 and Fort Stewart, Ga., said Davis.

 From that proof of concept, the Army kicked off a series of similar studies at all Army installations. Those
 studies categorize the greenhouse gasses produced by the activities of an installation into three "scopes”.

 Emissions of buildings, on-post generators, tactical vehicles including tanks and helicopters, and non-tactical
 vehicles, including privately owned vehicles and government vehicles are included in Scope 1.

 Scope 2 includes greenhouse gas emissions that are the result of energy used on an installation but produced
 off the installation.

 Finally, Scope 3 measures emissions from contractor-related activities on an installation and also emissions
 related to things like employee travel. For a Soldier traveling on temporary duty, for instance, the Army
 would calculate the greenhouse gas emissions generated by his travel.

 The Bush administration put into place a directive to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by some 30 percent by
 2015. Reducing the amount of carbon the Army puts into the atmosphere through the burning of fossil fuels
 will require a reduction in the use of fossil fuels. That can be accomplished by finding non-fossil-fuel sources
 of energy to power the Army mission and also by making more efficient those parts of the mission that will
 continue to rely on fossil fuels.


                           New Research Highlights New Way to Kill Superbugs

 A new technique using proteins to guide a drug targets superbugs such as MRSA much more accurately than
 previous methods. Laboratory experiments showed that the technique was 1,000 times more effective at
 killing methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteria than using the same drug without the

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 proteins to home in on the infections, they said. The drug, tin chlorin 6, is normally activated by light to
 produce toxic compounds that attack infections. The researchers added protein fragments called peptides that
 attach to the bacteria in topical infections such as burns and wounds.


                                Got Germs? Zap ’em the High Tech Way!

 New NIOSH document offers new, research-based guidelines for healthcare facilities on the use of UV light
 to kill tuberculosis bacteria as part of strategic systems to protect employees from risk of work-related


                                  Chinese Drywall Poses Potential Risks

 At the height of the U.S. housing boom, when building materials were in short supply, American construction
 companies used millions of pounds of Chinese-made drywall because it was abundant and cheap. Now that
 decision is haunting hundreds of homeowners and apartment dwellers who are concerned that the wallboard
 gives off fumes that can corrode copper pipes, blacken jewelry and silverware, and possibly sicken people.
 Shipping records reviewed by The Associated Press indicate that imports of potentially tainted Chinese
 building materials exceeded 500 million pounds during a four-year period of soaring home prices. The
 drywall may have been used in more than 100,000 homes, according to some estimates, including houses
 rebuilt after Hurricane Katrina… The drywall apparently causes a chemical reaction that gives off a rotten-egg
 stench, which grows worse with heat and humidity.


                                      USACE Revises Safety Manual

 The US Army Corps of Engineers revised the 2008 Safety and Health Requirements Manual, EM-385-1-1.
 The 1,050 page document has been updated to reflect current standards and requirements. The manual
 provides safety guidelines to all USACE personnel and contractors working in construction, maintenance,
 research and development, and other daily operations. The new manual focuses on improving safety and
 efficiency by providing guidelines that are clear, concise and user-friendly. The revised manual may be found

                                   Unified Facilities Criteria-April 2009

 The Updated UFC 4-510-01, Medical Military Facilities is available at: 

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                            U.S. Wages War on Bugs Afflicting Troops Abroad

 Researchers in the Pentagon's Deployed Warfighter Protection Research Program highlighted pest-fighting
 innovations this week at the American Mosquito Control Association convention attended by some 800
 scientists and insect control experts. Their aim: to take no prisoners among disease-carrying flies, mosquitoes
 and other bugs that threaten Americans in uniform abroad. Even the common fly is counted among the enemy.


                               Safety Team: Iraq Site Wiring Deemed Risky

 A military team sent to evaluate electrical problems at U.S. facilities in Iraq determined there was a high risk
 that flawed wiring could cause further “catastrophic results” — namely, the electrocutions of U.S. soldiers.
 The team said the use of a required device, commonly found in American houses to prevent electrical shocks,
 was “patchy at best” near showers and latrines in U.S. military facilities. There also was widespread use of
 uncertified electrical devices and “incomplete application” of U.S. electrical codes in buildings throughout the
 war-torn country.



                       AIHA Announces Results of Board of Directors Election
            Leadership will focus on promoting, protecting, and enhancing industrial hygiene

 The American Industrial Hygiene Association (AIHA) announced the results of its 2009 election for the
 AIHA Board of Directors.

 The new board members will be inducted into office at AIHA’s annual business meeting on Thursday, June 4,
 during the annual American Industrial Hygiene Conference and Exposition (AIHce) in Toronto, May 30–June
 4. This meeting will also mark the beginning of the terms of Cathy L. Cole, CIH, CSP, as president; Michael
 T. Brandt, DrPH, CIH, as president-elect; Lindsay E. Booher, CIH, CSP, as past president; and Cynthia A.
 Ostrowski, CIH, as secretary. Allan K. Fleeger, CIH, CSP, will continue his term as treasurer.

 The results of the AIHA election are as follows:

  •   Elizabeth L. Pullen, CIH, was elected AIHA’s new vice president. Pullen served as a member of the
      AIHA Board of Directors from 2003–2006 and as secretary since 2006. She has been a member of
      AIHA since 1982 and serves as industrial hygiene manager for the Clariant Corporation.
  •   Harry J. Beaulieu, PhD, CIH, CSP, was elected AIHA’s treasurer-elect. Beaulieu served as a member of
      the AIHA Board of Directors from 2004–2007 and is currently a member of the AIHA Finance
      Committee. He has been a member of AIHA since 1975 and serves as president and senior scientist for
      Industrial Hygiene Resources.

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  •   Alan J. Leibowitz, CIH, CSP, was elected to the AIHA Board of Directors. He has been a member of
      AIHA since 1980 and serves as the director for Environmental Health and Safety for the ITT
  •   Charles F. Redinger, PhD, CIH, was elected to the AIHA Board of Directors. He has been a member of
      AIHA since 1986 and serves as principal for Redinger & Associates, Inc.
  •   David C. Roskelley, MSPH, CIH, CSP, was elected to the AIHA Board of Directors. He has been a
      member of AIHA since 1998 and serves as principal for R & R Environmental, Inc.

 AIHA’s continuing board members for 2009–2010 include: Daniel H. Anna, CIH, CSP; Cindy Coe, CIH;
 Barbara J. Dawson, CIH, CSP; Kevin G. Gara, CIH; Steven E. Lacey, PhD, CIH, CSP; and Shelley R.
 Wheeling-Park, MPH, CHMM, CSP, CIH.

 On the same ballot, membership approved a bylaws amendment to change the definition of student member to
 include part-time graduate students for up to two years. Prior to this bylaws change, only full-time graduate
 students were eligible for student membership.

                      Occupational Safety & Health Professional Day - May 6, 2009

 Occupational safety, health and environmental professionals work day in and day out to make sure millions of
 people worldwide continue to go to and return home from work every day.

 To recognize and celebrate their ongoing commitment to protecting people, property and the environment,
 Occupational Safety and Health Professional Day (OSHP) is celebrated every year during North American
 Occupational Safety and Health Week (NAOSH) on that Wednesday. This year NAOSH Week runs from
 May 3 – 9 and OSHP Day is on May 6, 2009.

 OSHP Day also aims to further raise awareness and pride in the profession, a profession where one is
 qualified by education, training and experience and where one identifies hazards and develops appropriate
 controls for these hazards all aimed at preventing occupational injury, illness and property damage. The safety
 and health professional follows a Code of Professional Conduct and brings to bear technical knowledge, skills
 and expertise along with management abilities developed through years of continued education and practical
 experience. Currently there are about 100,000 occupational safety, health and environmental practitioners in
 the U.S. today in what has become one of the most challenging and rewarding career fields.

 What you can do to celebrate OSHP Day on May 6, 2009

  •   Host a special event at your company to recognize the contributions of your occupational SH&E
  •   Include an article about SH&E professionals in your company newsletter, or include a focus piece or
      profile on the different SH&E professionals in your workplace
  •   Honor long time safety and health professionals at your company for their commitment to the safety,
      health and environmental (SH&E) profession with an event or special commemoration


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                 NIOSH Revises Advice to Protect Responders from Airborne Pathogens

 NIOSH recently revised its recommendations about personal equipment for protecting first responders from
 airborne pathogens in potential bioterrorism situations. The "Recommendations for the Selection and Use of
 Respirators and Protective Clothing for Protection Against Biological Agents" were updated to reflect
 changes in equipment ratings and standards since the previous version was issued in 2001. The revised
 version includes respirators rated for chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) hazards as well
 as updated National Fire Protection Association standards (NFPA) for protective clothing.


               OSHA Notifies more than 13,500 High Injury and Illness Rate Workplaces

 OSHA notified more than 13,500 employers nationwide that their injury and illness rates are considerably
 higher than the national average.

 A letter sent to those employers explained that the notification was a proactive step to encourage employers to
 take action now to reduce these rates and improve safety and health conditions in their workplaces.

 OSHA identified businesses with the nation's highest rates of workplace injuries and illnesses through
 employer-reported data from a 2008 survey of 80,000 worksites (this survey collected injury and illness data
 for calendar year 2007). Workplaces receiving notifications had rates more than twice the national average
 among all U.S. workplaces for injuries resulting in days away from work, restricted work activity, or job

 Employers receiving the letters were also provided copies of their injury and illness data, along with a list of
 the most frequently cited OSHA standards for their specific industry. The letter offered assistance in helping
 to reduce these numbers by suggesting, among other things, the use of free OSHA safety and health
 consultation services provided through the states, state workers' compensation agencies, insurance carriers, or
 outside safety and health consultants.

                                OSHA Reform Bill Filed Again in Congress

 The Protecting America's Workers Act (HR 2067) has been filed again in Congress, with Democrats on the
 Education and Labor Committee determined to see it enacted into law. HR 2067 would amend the OSH Act to
 expand OSHA's jurisdiction to cover more employees and would allow felony prosecutions against employers
 who commit willful violations that result in death or serious bodily injury.

 The bill would raise OSHA's civil penalties and index them to inflation; it also would set mandatory minimum
 penalties for violations involving a worker's death and require OSHA to investigate all cases of death and
 serious injuries (incidents that result in the hospitalization of two or more workers).
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