"What is Geology"
What is Geology GEOLOGY - the study of Earth, its substances, shapes, processes and history—makes all other sciences work for the common good on our common planet. It all starts with Rocks and Minerals which are not just stones but are stories. Or even better said "Rocks are money!" Rocks, mineral’s crystals, mountains, earthquakes, volcanoes, rivers, glaciers, landslides, floods and many other subjects fall into this broad field of research. What Geologist DO ? Geologists perform a wide range of important services for our civilization and mankind. Ø they determine the stability of building sites. Ø find abundant supplies of clean water. Ø search for valuable deposits of natural resources such as iron, coal, petroleum and many other minerals. Ø they also try to minimize the threat to communities at risk from geologic hazards like earthquakes, landslides, volcanoes and Tsunamis etc. Ø identification and mitigation of polluted ground water and land use planning. Main role of Geologist is to search minerals, as minerals are the backbone of Nation’s Economy. Job opportunities in Geology Geology is a vast discipline. The main work of Geologist is to search or explore the Minerals, petroleum, building materials and groundwater. Geologists are absorbed in many central and state government departments, public sectors, private sector and multinational exploration companies. Now a days a new opening is available for the geologists in the GIS (Geographic Information System) industry, for this one must have additional qualification in GIS / Geoinformatics after doing M.Sc. in Geology. As per the requirement of the organization, geologist may be assigned field or laboratory work. Minimum qualification is M.Sc. Candidate who has done B.Sc. with one subject as Geology can do M.Sc. from any institute or university. List of Central Govt. & State Govt. Departments Employing Geologist Name of Department/Organisation/Institute Recruitment Procedure 1 Geological Survey Of India (GSI) Recruits Geologists through Geologist examination (UPSC). 2 Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) Recruits Hydro-Geologists through Geologist examination (UPSC). 3 Directorate of Geology and Mining (DGM) All the states of India are having this department. Recruitment of Geologist, Mining Officer and Mining Inspector is through PSC 4 Indian Bureau Of Mines (IBM) Recruit Geologist through entrance test. 5 Defense Research Development Organisation Recruit Scientists(geology) through (DRDO) entrance test. 6 Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Recruit Geologist/Scientist through entrance test 7 National Geophysical Institute (NGRI), Hyderabad Recruit Geologist/Scientist through entrance test 8 Wadia Institute Of Himalayan Geology, Dehradun Recruit Geologist/Scientist through entrance test Public Sector and Corporations Many public sectors and corporations require geologist and they recruit them by conducting an entrance exam. Some important public sector organisations are - Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Ltd. (ONGC) National Hydro Power Corporation (NHPC) National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC) Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation (MMTC) National Mineral Development Corporation (NMDC) National Remote Sensing Agency (NRSA) State Mining Corporation (SMC) Steel Authority of India Ltd., Hindustan Zinc Ltd., Hindustan Copper Ltd., Coal India Ltd., Indian Rare Earth Ltd. and many more such govt. undertaking companies involved in mining of major minerals, recruit geologists. Private sector Companies involved in exploration of Petroleum, Metals and other minerals and in mining also recruit geologist. Leading exploration companies working in India are Broken Hill, Rio Tinot, De Beers, Cairn Energy and Reliance Energy. The procedure of recruitment in these companies varies. Many multinational companies are working in India in the field of Geographic Information System (GIS) and Remote Sensing and offer good salary package and growth. Leading GIS companies Name of Company Website 1 ERDAS, Hyderabad www.erdas.com 2 ESRI, India, Delhi www.esriindia.com 3 Genesys International, Bangalore www.igenesys.com 4 L&T Infotech, Mumbai www.lntinfotech.com 5 Magnasoft, Bangalore www.magnasoft.com 6 RMSI, Noida www.rmsi.com 7 Rolta India Ltd. Mumbai www.rolta.com 8 Tata Infotech, Pune www.tata.com/tata_infotech/