Summary of Prevalence Studies by bigbro22


                         Summary of Prevalence Studies
      NAME                    HOW                 SAMPLE               SAMPLE                         QUESTION                       RESULTS
                                                    SIZE              DEFINITION                        ASKED
     NVAWS1               Telephone                8,000♀            >18 yrs random           Lifetime: Physical, Sexual               25%♀
                           Survey                  8,000♂                                                abuse                          8%♂
      NCVS2               Telephone                43,000           >12 yrs random           Rate of IPV per year by an              7.7/1000♀
                           Survey                households         men and women                           IP                       1.5/1000♂
                                                   80,000                                    % violent crime attributed to             85%♀
                                                 individuals                                           IP in 1998                      15%♂
       UCR3            Official Statistics         2,846♀               Homicides            % of homicides attributed to              32%♀
                                                   9,344♂                                                   IP                          4%♂
       SIVV4            Clinical Study            554,700♀           >12 yrs injuries           Intentional or possibly               25.4%♀
                                                  862,000♂             from single                   intentional IP                    4.5%♂
 Community              Clinical Study         3,655/4,641♀           >18 yrs in ED               Acute trauma from IP                 2.2%
    ED5                                                              during specific
                                                                          times                 Physical abuse last year              12.6%

                                                                                             Lifetime: physical, emotional            36.9%

 Urban ED6              Clinical Study            648/833♀           >18 yrs random          Assault/threat/intimidation by           54.2%
                                                  65% with            4 hours time            boyfriend/husband acute
                                                   current               blocks                         Lifetime                      11.7%
     Inner City         Clinical Study              283♀             >18 yrs random              Physical/nonphysical                15-32%♀
        ED7                                         233♂             4 hours blocks                violence past or                  11-28%♂
                                                                                                   Present violence
     Primary            Clinical Study               1952                 >18 yrs              Physical, sexual violence
      Care8                                        females                female                       One year                         5.5%
                                                                                                       Lifetime                        21.4%
 Pregnancy9                Various              Review of 11                                  Violence during pregnancy              0.9-20.1%
                        Methodologies             studies
1.     Tjaden P, Thoennes N. (1998) Prevalence, incidence, and consequences of violence against women: Findings from the
       national violence against women survey. In special report, National Institute of Justice, Centers for Disease Control and
       Prevention, document NCJ 172837.

2.     Bachman R, Saltzman L. (Aug. 1995) Violence against women: Estimates from the redesigned survey. U.S. Department of
       Justice: Office of Justice Programs, documents NCJ-154348

3.     Crime in the Untied States 1998: Uniform Crime Report. Federal Bureau of Investigation, U.S. Department of Justice.
       Washington D.C.: GPO.

4.     Rand M. (1997) Violence-Related Injuries Treated in Hospital Emergency Departments. In a special report. U.S. Department of
       Justice: Office of Justice Program, Bureau of Justice Statistics, NCJ-156921.

5.     Dearwater S, et al. (1996) Prevalence of Intimate Partner Abuse in an Emergency Department Population. JAMA 280(5)433-8.

6.     Abbott J, et al. (1995) Domestic Violence Against Women: Incidence and Prevalence in an Emergency Department Population.
       JAMA 273(22)1763-7.

7.     Ernst A, et al. (1997) Domestic Violence in a Inner-City ED. Ann Emerg Med 30(2)190-7.

8.     McCauley, J., Kern, D., Kolodner, K., Dill, L., Schroeder, A., DeChant, H., Ryden, J., Bass, E., Derogatis, L. (1995). "The
       "Battering Syndrome": Prevalence and Clinical Characteristics of Domestic Violence in Primary Care Internal Medicine
       Practices." Annals of Internal Medicine 123(10): 737-746.

9.     Gazmararian J, et al. (1996) Prevalence of Violence Against Pregnant Women. JAMA 275(24)1915-20.

         California Medical Training Center

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