EMAS - What is EMAS by guym13

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									      What is EMAS                                                        ?
EMAS stands for the Eco-Management and Audit Scheme. It is an environmental
standard developed by the European Commission in 1995. EMAS is a voluntary
scheme whose aim is to help participating organistions to identify and manage their
impacts on the environment. The EMAS standard is linked very closely with Best Value,
Investors in People, quality management systems and the councils performance
management system.

EMAS has many benefits in that it helps participating organisations to protect the
environment, improve its products and services, save money, demonstrate its
commitment to the environment, and to comply with legislation.

To be awarded the EMAS certificate, participating organisations must implement each
of the following:

 1      Environmental Policy            Produce a statement of your organisation’s
                                        commitment to the environment

 2      Environmental Review            Conduct a review of the environmental
                                        impact of the organisation

 3      Environmental Programme         Develop a programme of actions to reduce
                                        the impacts of the organisation

 4      Management System               Develop a system of responsibilities,
                                        procedures and training which helps
                                        implement the environmental programme

 5      Environmental Audit             Carry out regular and comprehensive audits

 6      Environmental Statement         Produce a statement summarising the
                                        environmental performance of the
                                        organisation

 7      Verification                    Seek external independent verification of
                                        the policy, programme, management system
                                        and audits
 1      Environmental Policy

 2      Environmental Review

 3      Environmental Programme

 4      Management System

 5      Environmental Audit

 6      Environmental Statement

 7      Verification



Environmental Policy

The first step of the EMAS process is to determine the environmental policy setting out
the organisations overall aims with respect to the environment. The policy must provide
for compliance with all relevant regulatory requirements regarding the environment and
include a commitment to improving environmental performance over time. It serves as
a framework for setting environmental objectives and targets. An organisations top
management must approve the environmental policy.


Environmental Review

The environmental review is a comprehensive analysis of the organisations impacts on
the environment. The review covers several key areas, emissions to air, water, and
land, materials management and waste production. It identifies all aspects of the
organisation that have a significant impact on the environment.

It looks at existing environmental management practices and legislative and regulator
requirements, which are applicable to the organisation.

The environmental review also serves as a framework for setting environmental
objectives and targets.
 1       Environmental Policy

 2       Environmental Review

 3       Environmental Programme

 4       Management System

 5       Environmental Audit

 6       Environmental Statement

 7       Verification



Environmental Programme

The organisation must establish and maintain an environmental programme, which
includes a list of objectives and targets that are consistent with the organisations
environmental policy, environmental review, and commitments to prevent pollution.

The purpose of the programme is to describe what targets or 'actions' the organisation
plans to take in order to reduce its impact on the environment. The programme is
regularly revised whenever measures are completed or new projects initiated.

The programme assigns responsibilities and sets out deadlines by which time actions
must be achieved.


Management System

The purpose of the management system is to ensure that all stages of EMAS are
properly implemented and continue to operate. The management system describes
and manages responsibilities, procedures, training, communications, management
review and emergency preparedness and response.

! Responsibilities - Establish roles and responsibilities for each element of EMAS
! Procedures - Identify and manage those operations and activities which impact on
  the environment by developing operational work instructions
! Training - Ensure employees are trained and capable of carrying out their
  environmental responsibilities
! Communications - Establish processes for internal and external communications
  on environmental management issues
! Management review - Periodically review the EMS with an eye to continual
  improvement
! Emergency preparedness and response — Identify potential environmental
  emergencies and develop procedures for responding to them
 1        Environmental Policy

 2        Environmental Review

 3        Environmental Programme

 4        Management System

 5        Environmental Audit

 6        Environmental Statement

 7        Verification



Internal Environmental Audit

This is a check conducted by the organisation to assess whether environmental
practices and performance is satisfactory. The frequency of the audit depends upon the
level of the organisations impact on the environment, and must take place at the least
every three years.


Environment Statement

EMAS requires organisations to produce an environmental statement describing their
environmental policy, environmental impacts, management programme and
performance. The purpose of the statement is to ensure that the public understands the
organisations impacts on the environment and how they have managed them.


Verification

An independent check of the environmental management system is the final stage of
EMAS. The environment policy, programme, management system and environment
statement must all be verified by an independent assessor every three years to check
that the organisation is managing all its environmental impacts well and has improved
its environmental performance since the previous assessment. The council is awarded
the EMAS certificate only when it has proved to the independent assessor that it has
met the EMAS standard.




                         For further information on EMAS, contact:

     Environment Unit, 23 Estate Buildings Railway Street, Huddersfield, HD1 1JY
                 Tel (01484) 223568 ! E-mail emas@kirklees.gov.uk

								
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