What is a Primate? A Mammal that has certain characteristics such as: Flexible fingers and toes Opposable thumbs Flatter face than other mammals Eyes that face forward and spaced close together Large and complex cerebrum Social animals What are the groups of mammals that are classified as Primates? LEMURS ORANGUTANS GORILLAS MONKEYS • CHIMPS BABOONS • HUMANS Examples of Mammals that aren’t Primates? Insect –Eating Toothless Gnawing Mammals Mammal Mammal Flying Mammal Trunk-nosed Rodent-like Mammal Mammal Flesh-Eating Hoofed Water-dwelling Mammal Mammals Mammal How can you tell the difference between primates and other mammals? Primates have: Flexible fingers and toes Opposable thumbs Flatter face than other mammals Eyes that face forward Large and complex cerebrum Social animals What’s so special about flexible fingers and toes? • Fingers can grip onto things • Toes can bend for greater balance • Grab onto trees, play the trumpet, type, all sorts of actions What’s an opposable thumb? • Thumb that’s opposite the other fingers and is able to move toward them and touch them. • Enables primates to grasp objects, large and small As primates evolved and became more complex their face became rounder and the snout became shorter, giving them an unobstructed view of things Large and complex brain • As primates evolved their brain became larger making them the most intelligent mammals. • They can comprehend and use language • Make decisions • Problem solve Stereoscopic Eyes • Both eyes face forward and can judge distances, and see in 3-D versus non-primates who have eyes on the sides of their head Gorillas, orangutans and chimps, like humans are very social animals They care for their young, feel sadness, happiness, loneliness, jealousy and every emotion that you feel Which primates are the most closely related to humans? These primates are Orangutans- genetically the closest relatives of humans. They’re very intelligent, can use tools, Gorillas communicate with one another, and carry out complex tasks. Chimps share 98.4% of human DNA. Chimpanzees Orangutans, gorillas and chimps are all on the endangered species list, their population dwindling each day. Presently there are only 50,000 gorillas left in the wild Current estimates account for only 27,000 orangutans left in the wild Chimp population is estimated at 100,000- 200,000 Who do you suppose is to blame? The wisest of the wise?