Integrating Sustainability into Construction Programs by xps54377


									Integrating Sustainability into
Construction Programs

 American Council for Construction Education
              San Diego, CA
           February 22-25, 2006

Charles Kibert, Ph.D., P.E.
Abdol Chini, Ph.D., P.E.
Rinker School of Building Construction
University of Florida
 Rationale for integrating sustainability into
  construction programs
 Courses in sustainability and sustainable
 Track and certificate programs in
  sustainable construction
 Research/graduate programs and the Powell
 Collateral effects of UF sustainable
  construction programs
 Summary and Conclusions
Rationale for Sustainability
 Natural systems and resources are being destroyed
  and consumed at an accelerating pace
 The creation, operation, and disposal of the built
  environment dominates humankind’s impact on the
  natural world
 C&D waste (U.S.): 145 million tons/year
 Construction consumers 40% of extracted materials
  in U.S.
 Buildings consume 30% of U.S. primary energy
 Estimated 40% of all illnesses attributable to
 Rising energy and materials costs, pressure on water
Sustainability and Sustainable
 Sustainability means providing for the needs of
  the present without compromising the ability of
  future generations to provide for their needs.
 “We are not inheriting the earth from our parents,
  we are borrowing it from our children.”
 Sustainable construction is the creation and
  operation of a healthy, resource-efficient built
  environment based on ecological principles.
Brief Timeline
   1991: Formation of Powell Center
   1993-8: ASTM and USGBC activities toward LEED standard
   1994: 1st International Conference on Sustainable Construction
   1995: BCN6585: Principles of Sustainable Construction
   1996: Green Building Materials ’96 Conference
   1997: Formation of Greening UF
   1999: “Reshaping the Built Environment” published
   1999: BCN 1582: International Sustainable Construction
   1999: BCN 6586: Construction Ecology
   1999: Sustainable Construction track in Masters program
   2001: “Construction Ecology & Metabolism” published
   2003: Rinker Hall completed and occupied
   2003: International Conference on Deconstruction
   2004: BCN 6587: Green Building Delivery Systems
   2005: UF Office of Sustainability established
   2005: “Sustainable Construction” published
   2005: Certificate programs in Sustainable Construction
   2006: Rethinking Sustainable Construction Conference
BCN Courses on Sustainability and
Sustainable Construction
 BCN 1582 International Sustainable
 DCP 4905: Honors Course, Sustainability
 BCN 6585: Sustainable Construction
 BCN 6586: Construction Ecology
 BCN 6587: High Performance Green
  Building Delivery Systems
Track and Certificate Programs
 SCN: Sustainable Construction track in BCN
  Masters Program
 Certificate in Sustainable Construction:
   – BCN 6585 Sustainable Construction
   – BCN 6586 Construction Ecology
   – BCN 6587 High Performance Green Building Delivery
   – BCN 6910 Directed Research
 Certificate also available in distance-delivered
  International Construction Management (ICM)
International Sustainable Development - 1

 BCN 1582 (3) Prereq: None
 Required for all BCN majors (I,S)
 Purpose: to provide the students with a picture of
  how sustainable development is changing
  humankind’s interaction with the world and their
  place in that world, to include its effects on the
  economic system, its effects on society, and its
  impacts on the survival of critical socio-ecological
International Sustainable Development - 2

 Part I - Introduction
   –   Introduction to Sustainable Development
   –   Environmental Ethics and Environmental Justice
   –   The Economic Context for Sustainable Development
   –   Tools and Frameworks for Achieving Sustainability
International Sustainable Development - 3

 Part II – International Sustainable
   –   Women’s Issues and Poverty
   –   Sustainability in Europe
   –   Informal Economies
   –   Sustainability in a Formal Economies
   –   Formal Social Systems of development
   –   Consumption and Development
International Sustainable Development - 4

 Part III – Construction Industry
   –   The Built Environment
   –   Energy Resources
   –   Water Resources
   –   Material Resources
International Sustainable Development - 5

 Part IV – Effects on Industry and
   – Introduction to Sustainable Communities
   – Sustainability and Manufacturing Industry
   – The Greening of Universities and Organizations
Sustainable Construction - 1

 BCN 6585 (3) Prereq: graduate standing
 Sustainability principles applied to
  planning, design, operation, renovation, and
  deconstruction of built environment.
  Emphasis on resource efficiency,
  environmental protection, and waste
Sustainable Construction - 2
 Sustainability in the Built Environment
 Environmental/Resources Issues &
  Industrial/Construction Metabolism
 Environmental Ethics and Environmental Justice
 Ecological/Environmental Economics and Life
  Cycle Costing (LCC)
 Building Assessment and Ecolabels
 Sustainability Frameworks
Sustainable Construction - 3
 Sustainable Communities and Sustainability
 Energy Systems, Exergy, Entropy, Energy Conservation,
  and Renewable Energy
 Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), Embodied Energy,
  Emergy, and Materials Issues
 Water Resources, Wastewater, and Stormwater
 Urban Planning, Land Development, New
  Urbanism, and Landscaping
 Design for the Environment, Ecological
  Principles, Passive Design, and Climatic Design
Sustainable Construction - 4
 Construction Operations, Advanced Construction
  Waste Management, and Deconstruction
 Building Health, Building Commissioning and
  Facility Management
 Industrial Ecology and Construction Ecology
Construction Ecology - 1

 BCN 6586 (3) Prereq: graduate standing
 Purpose: Develop a knowledge of ecology,
  industrial ecology and the application of
  these two disciplines to the built
Construction Ecology - 2

 (1) Ecology: systems ecology, adaptive management,
  complexity theory
 (2) Industrial ecology: design for environment, eco-
  efficiency, industrial recycling of materials
 (3) Product and building design: review of case studies
  from industrial design and architecture for the application
  of ecological theory and the outcomes of industrial
High Performance Green Building Delivery System

 BCN 6587 (3) Prereq: BCN 6585
 Sustainability principles applied to
  planning, design, operation, renovation, and
  deconstruction of built environment.
  Emphasis on resource efficiency,
  environmental protection, and waste
 Graduate & Research Programs
 Doctoral: 1 graduate, 6 present PhD students, 2
  new students in Fall 2006.
 Masters: 10 current theses/papers, total of over 40
  since 1992
 Funded research:
   –   C&D waste characterization and reduction
   –   Deconstruction
   –   Alternatives to Halon for fire suppression
   –   Renewable energy systems: photovolatics and fuel cells
   –   Community sustainability
   –   Brownfields
   –   Implementing sustainability at UF
   –   Reclaimed water
   –   Construction Ecology and Metabolism
   –   Recertification of used building materials
Sample Doctoral Dissertation and Masters
Thesis/Paper Topics
   Optimizing the Green Building Hydrologic Cycle
   Modeling Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) for Green Buildings
   Economic Modeling of Green Building Decisions
   Consumer Willingness-to-Pay for Green Buildings
   Rammed Earth Block Design
   Ethical/Business Arguments for Sustainable Construction
   Rainwater and Gray water Collection and Reuse Systems Design
    Guide for Residential Application
   Sustainable Design and Construction Guide for Residential
    Development in Florida
   The use of Recycled Concrete Aggregate as a Base Course in Flexible
   Developing a Construction Waste Management Work Plan for Tract
    Housing Development in FL
   Recycling Wastewater in Ready-mix Concrete Operations
   Regrading/Recertification of Salvaged Lumber
Hume Hall Brick into Rinker Hall Wall
 Related Efforts
 Conferences
   –   1st International Conference on Sustainable Construction (1994)
   –   Green Building Materials ’96
   –   Greening UF (1999)
   –   Eminent Scholar Series on Sustainable Construction (1998)
   –   Eminent Scholar Workshop on Construction Ecology (1999)
   –   International Conference on Deconstruction (2003)
   –   Rethinking Sustainable Construction (2006)
 International Leadership
   – CIB Task Group 16 (Sustainable Construction)
   – CIB Task Group 39 (Deconstruction)
   – Future CIB Working Commission (Closing Materials loops)
Collateral Effects
 Sustainability on Campus program
 UF Green Building Program
  1. Rinker Hall (2003)
  2. Legal Information & Phase II Law Building
  3. Library West Additions & Renovations
  4. Mary Ann Coffrin-Harn Pavilion
  5. McGuire Center for Lepidoptera Research
  6. Genetics & Cancer Research Center/ ICBR
  Biotechnology Lab Pavilion
  7. University of Florida Orthopedics Surgery & Sports
  Medicine Institute
  8. Powell Structures & Materials Laboratory
Rinker Hall
Rainwater Harvesting System
Skylights and Roof
Summary and Conclusions

 Sustainable development courses are
  offered at undergraduate and graduate levels
 Sustainability is part of the culture of the
  Rinker School
 The Rinker School has led campus-wide
  efforts to implement sustainability in both
  academics and operations
 Most visible sign of change are the green
  buildings on campus

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