Explanation of the Diagram by vmarcelo


									                                  `Explanation of the Diagram
         The biblical revelation of the covenants and scriptural structure is readily illustrated in the
diagram above I have constructed that summarises their foundation from eternity to the Consummation. I
repeat it here to make it more accessible in showing the history of salvation from eternity as Scripture
unveils it, from the ‘time’ when God’s purpose and plan was ‘devised’ in the ‘sequence’ of events in the
fellowship of the Godhead. I repeat also some of a brief explanation of what it aims to convey, that might
be helpful as well – though it is self-explanatory.
        It represents a ‘fragment’ of eternity when the Holy Triune God, determined to reveal and share
His glory in a covenant of grace encompassing all things. Included in the expression of His glory was a
Covenant of Redemption, a pactum salutis, or sometimes referred to as the ‘pact of peace’, which the
Personæ makes in the fellowship of the Godhead with the Second Person of the blessed Trinity who was
to stand at the head of those the Father gave Him (John 17.6) in the redemptive work required afterwards
that dealt with Satan and his evil ways.
         The circular area of the Diagram is consistent with the reference in Proverbs 8.27 as ‚the face of the
deep‛ (if it was needed to assist our understanding) on which The Lord, Wisdom, in essential unity of
Being with the Father with Scripture symbolically representing Him as He ‚drew a circle‛ as it were, as a
prelude to His work of creating, representing the dimension of Time, the sphere in which the universe
and all that came into being was to exist. At the end-fulfilment is the Consummation of which the Bible
speaks at the conclusion of the Age. Hence, His ‘banner of love and grace’ (Song 2.4) spreads over all, as it
were, while also symbolically and figuratively speaking ‘underneath are the everlasting arms’ (Deut. 33.27).
         Following the ‘drawing’ of ‘the circle’ man was created ‚in the image of God‛ and given his vice-
regency role over creation on earth; along with his cultural mandate God lay down conditions that have
the hallmark of a Covenant of Creation (though sometimes also ‘Works’ or ‘Nature’), but still a
component of the covenant of grace. Important to understand at this point, is what man knew on his
creation, for this indeed throws light later on what reprobate man actually knows of God, whether he
admits it or not, and why he remains accountable (Rom. 1.18-25). Van Til strongly defended the fact that
on creation in God’s image,
            ‚….the cosmos-consciousness, the self-consciousness, and the God-consciousness would naturally be
   simultaneous….Man would at once with the beginning of his mental activity see the true state of
   affairs as to the relation of God to the universe as something that was known to him… He would
   know that God was Creator of the universe as soon as he knew anything about the universe itself.‛
         This of course stands to reason, or is quite logical in light of him being made in the image of God
in creaturely form, and is important to keep in mind as we discuss such issues, indeed to always
        Adam and his helpmeet lived in Eden supplied with all that was necessary for their life and
existence, but on probation as it were, against the tests they would face with Satan loose in the world. The
fall of the angel Lucifer fittingly described as Satan ( !j;f; śātān, meaning ‘adversary’) having already
occurred (Is. 14.12; Jude. 1.6), the lines of conflict are drawn. Despite the dire warning, they violated the
covenant relationship and suffered the full consequences of the fall from grace. However, God further
revealed His glory in providing for their redemption at such infinite cost to Himself. By so doing He
revealed His love for the world and satisfied His justice by giving His Son, the promised Seed to be born of
the woman, to redeem it. Adam named Eve hW"x,; meaning ‘life’ or ‘living’, hence ‘mother of all living,’
anticipating the fulfilment. The period following until the fulfilment of redemption was the initial
preparatory phase during which the Covenant of Redemption was worked through, along with man’s
failures and the various subsequent covenant renewals, administrations, or ‘sub-covenants’ until his
restoration in Christ - again all as components of the one Covenant of Grace.
      With the coming of the Christ, this period comes to an end, and the new period or administration,
component or sub-covenant in Christ was inaugurated, ‘the New Covenant’ – the Last days. At His
promised return comes the consummation or the fulfilment of salvation when righteousness finally
dwells eternally in the new heavens and the new earth.

To top