MICRO FUEL CELLS - Operating Info

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					                                               MICRO FUEL CELLS – Operating Info.
                                                                    Fuel       Operating                                                           Waste
 Company                          Operating                                                 Start Up                   Life     Maintenance
                   Product                      Fuel Used      Consumption      Power                     Noise                                     Heat/     Picture
  Name                           Temperature                                                 Time                     Span      Expectation
                                                                (Flow) Rate   Consumption                                                         Emissions



AER Energy
                Nokia phone
Resources,                                       Zinc-Air
                 prototype
   Inc.



                    High-
                Performance                    Fuel Flexible
  Casio
                Fuel Cells for                 (hydrocarbo
 Computer
                  Portable                     ns, alcohols,
 Co., Ltd.
                Devices (Lap                       etc.)
                     top)
                    High-
                Performance
                                               Fuel Flexible
  Casio         Fuel Cells for
                                               (hydrocarbo
 Computer         Portable
                                               ns, alcohols,
 Co., Ltd.        Devices
                                                   etc.)
                   (Digital
                  Camera)
                                               Fuel Flexible
  Casio
                                               (hydrocarbo
 Computer       Micro reformer
                                               ns, alcohols,
 Co., Ltd.
                                                   etc.)

   Dais-                                        Hydrogen
                   DAC-10
  Analytic                                       cylinder


   \Dais-                                       Hydrogen
                   DAC-1
  Analytic                                       cylinder


   Dais-                                        Hydrogen
                   DAC-15
  Analytic                                       cylinder


   Dais-          Fuel cell
  Analytic         Radio

                                                                                                                      Up to
                                                                                                                      9000
                                                                                                                     operatin
                                                                                                                     g hours,       Oxygen
                                                                                                          Small
                                                                                                                     dependi       reduction
                 INSTANT                                                                                 commer
Electric Fuel                      -10°C –                     1.06 gm/Wh                   Millisecon                ng on     cathodes have
                 POWER™                        Metallic zinc                      NA                        cial
   Corp.                            +65°C                         typical                        ds                  operatin   working life of
                  products                                                                               products
                                                                                                                        g         up to 9000
                                                                                                          : none
                                                                                                                     regime          hours.
                                                                                                                       and
                                                                                                                     conditio
                                                                                                                        ns
                                                                                                                      Up to
                                                                                                           Barely     9000          Oxygen
                Primary zinc-                                                                            detectab    operatin      reduction
Electric Fuel   air packs for      -10°C –                     1.06 gm/Wh                   Millisecon   le micro-   g hours,   cathodes have
                                               Metallic zinc                     N/A
   Corp.           military         +65°C                         typical                        ds         fan      dependi    working life of
                applications                                                                             (optional    ng on       up to 9000
                                                                                                             )       operatin        hours.
                                                                                                                        g
                                                                                                     regime
                                                                                                       and
                                                                                                     conditio
                                                                                                        ns


                   FC03 PEM                        Hydrogen
    Electro-
                    Fuel Cell                     supplied by
    Chem-                            25 deg C                                      5 - 30 min.
                   System - 2                       flexible
    Technic
                    cell stack                       tubing




    Energy
  Visions, Inc.


  Fraunhofer
  Institute for
      Solar       Portable Fuel                     Hydrogen
     Energy         Cells (for                    from hydride
  Applications     notebooks)                       canisters
  in Freiburg,
   Germany

  Fraunhofer
  Institute for
      Solar       Portable Fuel                     Hydrogen
     Energy         Cells (for                    from hydride
  Applications     camcorder)                       canisters
  in Freiburg,
   Germany


                                                                                                                       0.24 l/h
                                                                                                                         (max
   Fuel Cell                                       Industrial    0.27 Nm3/h
                                     70 degrees                                                                          water
   Systems,       Mk2 module                         grade        (H2); 2.4
                                         C                                                                            production
     Inc.                                          hydrogen      Nm3/h (air)
                                                                                                                      ); Max 50
                                                                                                                      ppm CO2


                     Direct
   Giner, Inc     Methanol Fuel
                      Cell



                  Regenerative
   Giner, Inc
                    Fuel Cell




                  Reformate-Air
   Giner, Inc
                    Fuel Cell




                     PM-60
   Greenvolt       Emergency
  Power Corp.       Fuel Cell
                     Module

                    PM-120
   Greenvolt
                  Portable Fuel
  Power Corp.
                  Cell Module
                    PM-135

Updated 12/03                     Available for downloading at: http://www.fuelcells.org/MicroOperating.pdf     Created by Fuel Cells 2000
   Greenvolt
   Power Inc.


     H2              FC100 -
   ECOnomy          Single Cell



     H2
                    FC100 - 2
   ECOnomy



   Lynntech,
      Inc.

  Manhattan
                    MicroFuel
  Scientifics,
                      Cells
     Inc.
  Manhattan        NovArs Mid-
  Scientifics,     Range Fuel
     Inc.             Cell
  Nasa’s Jet
  Propulsion
                   Flat fuel cell
  Laboratory
    (JPL)

                   3G Cellular                     Methanol,
     Medis
                  Phone Battery                     Ethanol


                  DLM Fuel Cell
     Medis
                    Modules

                  DLM Fuel Cell
     Medis
                   Power Pack
                    Ceramic
                                                                                                       Has run
    Motorola         based
                                                   Methanol                                              for
     Labs           miniature
                                                                                                       800hrs.
                     DMFC
                                                    Liquid
                    Portable
    Motorola                                       methanol
                  hydrogen fuel
     Labs                                            with
                      cells
                                                   reformer



                                                                                                       Life test
                                                                                                       of 1000
   MTI Micro        Portable
                                                   Methanol                                             hours
   Fuel Cells     hybrid fuel cell
                                                                                                       achieve
                                                                                                           d



  Nasa’s Jet
  Propulsion
                   Flat fuel cell
  Laboratory
    (JPL)
                    Portable
  Neah Power
                  Methanol fuel
   Systems
                      cells
      NEC
  Corporation
  [specifically
      their       Tiny portable
  Fundamenta         PAFC
   l Research
  Laboratories
        ]


Updated 12/03                        Available for downloading at: http://www.fuelcells.org/MicroOperating.pdf     Created by Fuel Cells 2000
                  Rechargeable
   Polyfuel,                                         Methanol
                     battery
     Inc.                                            solution
                  replacements

  PowerZinc
                   PowerChip
  Electric Inc.

                                                    Hydrodes
   Protonex
                                                    (<100W);
  Technology
                                                    Compress.
    Corp.
                                                     (>100W)
   Samsung
   Advanced
   Research       DMFC Pack                          Methanol
  Institute of
  Technology


  Smart Fuel       DMFC for                         120 ml liquid
  Cell GmbH        Cameras                           methanol



  Smart Fuel       DMFC for                         120 ml liquid
  Cell GmbH       Traffic Lights                     methanol

                                         25 to
                                      30mW/cm-
                                       sq at cell
     Toshiba                         temperature
                                                                                                       40
  International    Fuel Cell          s between      Methanol
                                                                                                      hours
    Fuel Cell      powered             30 to 40      aqueous
                                                                                                     continuo
   Corporation    Genio (PDA)         degrees C,     solution
                                                                                                        us
    (w/ UTC)                             and
                                     110mW/cm-
                                       sq at 90
                                      degrees C
                    Wireless
    Trimol           Phone             -20 to 60
                                                     Aluminum
  Group Inc.      Aluminum-Air        degrees C
                    Fuel Cell
                  Portable PC
    Trimol                             -20 to 60
                  Aluminum-Air                       Aluminum
  Group Inc.                          degrees C
                    Fuel Cell

                                     Notice: For additional information or comments on Fuel Cells 2000’s charts,
                                     contact Jennifer Gangi at: jennifer@fuelcells.org.




Updated 12/03                      Available for downloading at: http://www.fuelcells.org/MicroOperating.pdf       Created by Fuel Cells 2000