What�s the problem Facts about Kentucky Farm Tractor Overturn by bigbro22

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									            What’s the problem?
     Facts about Kentucky Farm Tractor
    Overturn Deaths and Their Prevention

                  A CDC /NIOSH Public Service Project
                                   for
                     Kentucky’s Farm Communities

                                  September 2000


University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
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Something good is happening
   What?
    • A public service project for your county
   Why?
    • To save farmers and their loved ones from
      being killed or injured
    • To save them money
    • To provide peace of mind


University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
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                                    A tough quiz!
                                   How many people are in this picture?




What happened to these farmers?
 University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
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       These 76 Kentucky farmers died in tractor overturns in 1994-99.
           Another 32 farmers died when they fell off moving tractors.

                                                                                                                 RIP
RIP      RIP                                             RIP             RIP                                                 RIP
                    RIP                RIP     RIP                                                       RIP                         RIP
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  RIP
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                           RIP               RIP
              RIP                  RIP                                         RIP                  RIP        RIP                     RIP
  RIP                                                                                                                  RIP
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                RIP                                        RIP                                                                 RIP
                           RIP         RIP
RIP                                                RIP                 RIP                                      RIP
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        RIP                                                                                                                            RIP
                                                         RIP                   RIP RIP        RIP
 RIP                                   RIP                       RIP
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          RIP                                                                                            RIP
                     RIP                             RIP                                                                             RIP
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 RIP                                                                                                      RIP            RIP
          RIP                                            RIP                                                                         RIP
                      RIP         RIP                              RIP    RIP
                                               RIP                                   RIP           RIP
                                                                                                                RIP                RIP


             How many would have survived with a ROPS and seat belt?
          All 108. Don't become a grim statistic. Get a ROPS and buckle up!
      University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
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ROPS & seat belts could have saved 108
lives*

   Tractor overturns                             76
   Thrown from tractor and run over              25
   Thrown from tractor but not run over           7
   Highway motor vehicle & tractor collisions**   2
   Total deaths                                 110
   Potential lives saved by ROPS & seat belts 108

    * KY Fatality Assessment and Control Evaluation (FACE) data 1994-99.
    ** These two collisions involved large vehicles traveling at high speed.
       ROPS and seat belts might not have prevented these two deaths.



University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
                                                                                       5
Project goals

 To increase the number of ROPS and
  seat belts on farm tractors
 To encourage retirement of older
  tractors without ROPS or restrict them
  to jobs with less chance of overturns
 To promote other safe tractor
  practices (e.g., no extra riders, use of
  slow moving vehicle [SMV] signs, etc.)
University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
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What’s a ROPS?
                                    ROPS


ROPS - Rollover
Protective Structure

During an overturn
a ROPS and seat belt
hold the operator in
a “frame of safety.”


University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
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Demonstrating how a ROPS
works
         ROPS
                         simulated tractor driver (a raw egg)
                                steering wheel

                                                                    seat belt
                                                                                   overturned
                            simulated seat belt
                                                                                   model tractor
                                        ROPS




                                          frame of safety
                                                                                 ground
University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
                                                                                              8
How a ROPS and seat belt
work
                            ROPS




                                               ROP
                                               S




                    seat belt
     A fastened seat belt holds the
     operator on the tractor seat.
                                                   During an overturn the operator stays
                                                   within the ROPS “frame of safety.”
University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
                                                                                       9
Living dangerously (no ROPS, no seat
belt)



  simulated
  tractor driver
  (a raw egg)                                                      steering wheel


  tractor
  seat

                                                                scale model tractor




University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
                                                                                       10
An overturn without a ROPS
                                                              overturned
                                                                model
                                                                tractor




                                                        simulated tractor driver
        ground                                              (crushed egg)



University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
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Overturns without ROPS are
deadly




                                                           Without a ROPS and seat belt
                                                           the operator is unprotected
                                                           during an overturn.
 During a recent six-year period, 76
 Kentucky
 farmers died when their tractors
 overturned. ROPS and seat belts could
 University of Kentucky,
 have saved all 76. Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)      12
Partially protected (ROPS but no seat
belt)


                         ROPS
                                              simulated tractor driver
                                              (a raw egg)
                                                           steering
                                                           wheel




                                                           scale model tractor




 University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
                                                                                        13
Why fasten the seat belt?

A seat belt can be
the difference
between life and
death
                                                                       overturned
                                                                       model tractor
       ROPS



                                                        crushed
                                                        simulated
                                                        tractor driver


University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
                                                                                       14
   Effectiveness of ROPS & seat
   belts
                  Together ROPS and fastened seat belts are 98%
                effective in preventing injury and death during tractor
                                      overturns.

                                   ROPS




A ROPS alone greatly reduces the risk of
being
killed during an overturn compared to a                 In this case, the ROPS saved his life. A
tractor                                                 buckled seat belt would have saved his legs,
without a ROPS. Add a fastened seat belt                huge medical bills, and a permanent disability.
and the operator is usually not injured in an
       University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
overturn.                                                                                        15
Kentucky farmers at risk-1994
                                                   80
   In 1994, the KY                                70
    fatality rate in                               60
    Ag/Forestry/Fishing                            50
    was 3.1 times the                              40
    national rate.                                 30

   In KY, nearly all of                           20

    these deaths were                              10
                                                     0
    farming related.                                      US       KY
                                                   Deaths/100,000 Workers/Year

University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
                                                                                       16
Kentucky farmers at risk-1995
                                                    90
    In 1995, the KY                                80
     fatality rate in                               70
     Ag/Forestry/Fishing                            60
                                                    50
     was 3.5 times the
                                                    40
     national rate.                                 30
    In KY, nearly all of                           20
     these deaths were                              10
                                                     0
     farming related.                                     US       KY
                                                   Deaths/100,000 Workers/Year

University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
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Kentucky farmers at risk-1996
                                                    70
    In 1996, the KY                                60
     fatality rate in
                                                    50
     Ag/Forestry/Fishing
                                                    40
     was 2.8 times the
                                                    30
     national rate.
                                                    20
    In KY, nearly all of
                                                    10
     these deaths were
                                                      0
     farming related.                                      US       KY
                                                    Deaths/100,000 Workers/Year

University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
                                                                                       18
Tractor-related farm deaths
       Average for US
                                                         Kentucky 1994-98
       Farming States


            67%                                                       39%


                    33%                                          61%
                                      Tractor-related
                                      All other causes



        National Safety Council                         UK Kentucky Fatality Assessment
         1998 data for the US                             and Control Evaluation data

University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
                                                                                          19
Kentucky’s farm injuries
   Total Annual Farm Injuries

                                                         KY has more than
                                                         5,000 farm injuries
                                      22%                per year.

                                                         More than 1,100
                                                         involve farm tractors


             Farm tractor-related injuries
University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
                                                                                       20
 Age and ROPS status of KY tractors
                                                                          Taken as a whole, the bars
% Tractors                                                                represent all of Kentucky’s
                                                                          working farm tractors. Each
  16                                                                      bar is the percent of tractors
                  No ROPS
  14                                                                      manufactured in a given five-
                  ROPS                                                    year period.
  12
  10
                                                                          The dark portions of the four
   8                                                                      bars represent the 29% of
   6                                                                      tractors equipped with
   4                                                                      ROPS. When these tractors
   2                                                                      overturn, the driver is seldom
                                                                          injured.
   0
         Pre 45- 50- 55- 60- 65- 70- 75- 80- 85- 90-                      The light gray portions of all
         45 49 54 59 64 69 74 79 84 89 95                                 the bars represent the 71%
                                                                          of tractors without ROPS.
                  Year Tractor Was Manufactured                           When these tractors overturn
                                                                          the driver is often seriously
        Based upon examination of 282 tractors from a random sample       injured or killed.
        of 149 farms with principal operators age 55 years or older

       University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
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Lifetime chance of an
overturn
 1 in 9 Kentucky farmers age 55 or older
  have overturned a tractor and lived
 1/3 of these survivors have had two or
  more overturns
 many of these persons were injured
    • some received minor injuries
    • some received severe injuries
    • some were permanently disabled
 University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
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Farms with children ages 11-
17

   Farms less than 60                             3/4 have no ROPS-
    acres                                           equipped tractors
   Farms with only one                            3/4 have no ROPS
    tractor                                         on the tractor
   Farms greater than                             3/5 have at least
    214 acres                                       one tractor with a
                                                    ROPS
    Many children who live on small farms are at risk.
    Children typically start driving tractors at age 10.
University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
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Children ages 11-17 years at risk
on Kentucky farms
                     At Least 1
                       ROPS
                        34%




         All
        ROPS
        14%
                                                                  No ROPS
                                                                    52%

University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
                                                                                       24
ROPS-equipped tractors by farm
size and number of tractors
    Farms less than 60                            3/4 have no ROPS
     acres                                          on the tractors
    Farms greater than                            1/3 have no ROPS
     214 acres                                      on the tractors
    Farms with only one                           3/4 have no ROPS
     tractor                                        on the tractor
    Farms with four                               1/3 have no ROPS
     tractors                                       on the tractors


    University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
                                                                                           25
Use of ROPS on Kentucky farms
                                    At Least 1
                                      ROPS
                                       29%


          All
         ROPS
         15%



                                                               No ROPS
                                                                 56%
University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
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Are ROPS cost effective?
   A study at UK found
                                                     dollars
    medical costs from a                           140000
    severe overturn injury                         120000
    can be $140,000 +                              100000
                                                     80000
   Tractor overturn
                                                     60000
    fatalities and serious
                                                     40000
    injuries often result in                         20000
    loss of the farm                                       0
                                                                  ROPS             R/O
   A ROPS is a one-                                                              Injury

                                                            Relative cost of a ROPS
    time cost < $1,000                                      vs. a serious rollover injury
    University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
                                                                                            27
Your advice and help is
needed
 In your interactions with farmers, what
  would convince them to get ROPS?
 What are some key times, events, and
  ways to promote ROPS and seat belts?
 Who should be involved and why?
 What’s in it for them (and for you)?
 In what ways can these materials be
  used in your community?
 University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
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organizations:
How can they help?
   Radio and TV stations                           Health care providers
   Equipment dealers                               Farm women groups
   Insurance services                              Farm youth groups
   Farm service & supply                           Local employers
   Financial services                               (manufacturing plants,
   EMS (Fire & Rescue)                              printing firms, utilities,
                                                     cooperatives, etc.)
   Farm organizations &
    commodity groups                                Schools and teachers
    (Farm Bureau; Dairy,                            Rural development
    Cattle, Tobacco                                  agencies
    producers; etc.)                                Others?
University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
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The ROPS project team
Henry Cole, UK Project director, Professor, Educational Psychologist, UK Preventive
       Medicine & Environmental Health (859) 323-5202 or 323-6836
Larry Piercy, Agricultural Extension Safety Specialist, UK College of Agriculture
       (859) 257-3000, Extension 107
Tim Struttmann, Injury Surveillance and Epidemiology Specialist, UK Kentucky
       Injury Prevention and Research Center (859) 257-4955
Vickie Brandt, UK Barren County CPHF ROPS Project Coordinator                         The project staff conducted
Joan Muehlbauer, UK Fleming County CPHF ROPS Project Coordinator (retired)
Susan Westneat, Data Analyst, UK Preventive Medicine & Environmental Health
                                                                                      injury surveillance and
Steve Browning, Epidemiologist, UK Preventive Medicine & Environmental Health         program development.
Susan Morgan, Mass Communication Researcher,UK College of Communications
Joan Mazur, Instructional Systems Design and Technology, UK College of Education
Kari Button, Farmer, Glasgow , Kentucky
                                                                                      The community partners
Carol Lehtola, Tractor Safety Expert, University of Florida                           helped to develop and
Ted Scharf, Research Psychologist, NIOSH, Cincinnati, OH                              and deliver the community
Janet Ehlers, NIOSH Project Officer, Cincinnati, OH
Teri Palermo, NIOSH Project Officer, Morgantown, WV
                                                                                      education program.
Jennifer Lindberg, Ranmalee Perera, Stacy Phillips, & Bor Chyi Lin,
       Graduate Student Research Assistants, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY
Lynda Charles, Kim Hall, Dorothy Daley, Kristie Smith Carol Donnelly, Paul Martin
       Support Staff, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY
Many additional local and regional community partners



       The data provided in this presentation were collected by University of Kentucky researchers.
   University of Kentucky, Community Partners for Healthy Farming ROPS Project (9-2000)
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