1st International CIRCLE Workshop on Climate Change Adaptation by naa14009

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									                        CIRCLE ERA-Net
Climate Impact Research Coordination for a Larger Europe




                     Outcomes of the
  1st International CIRCLE Workshop on
          Climate Change Adaptation

              Hungarian Meteorological Service
                    Budapest 17-18 June 2009




                             Editorial Team

          Tiago Capela Lourenço (University of Lisbon, Portugal)
          Markus Leitner (Federal Environment Agency, Austria)
             Marit Heinen (Vrije University, the Netherlands)
      Robbert Biesbroek (Wageningen University, the Netherlands)
       Margret Desmond (Environment Protection Agency, Ireland)
    Roland Hohmann (Federal Office for the Environment, Switzerland)
                                                Contents

1. Introduction ........................................................................................... 3
2. Rationale for the Workshop ................................................................... 4
3. Workshop Perspectives .......................................................................... 6
4. Recommendations and Key Messages of the Workshop ...................... 13
5. CIRCLE ERA-Net as an interface to support NAS development ............. 17
6. Acknowledgments ................................................................................ 18
      ANNEX 1 ............................................................................................ 19
      ANNEX 2 ............................................................................................ 20




                                                                                                           2
1. Introduction

It is reasonable to state that adaptation to climate change is currently at the top of the
agenda of many governments across the world and will be regarded as a national
necessity over the coming years and decades.

Until recently, the focus of policy related explicitly to climate change was largely
geared towards enhancing mitigation efforts. Assessments of climate change impacts
and vulnerability have highlighted the fact that European countries are vulnerable to
the effects of climate change and require adaptive action (EEA, 2008 in Swart et al,
2009)1.

Increasingly, therefore, society and policy-makers are making preparations to counter
adverse impacts and initiating dedicated adaptation action. Such adaptation action,
which may be anticipatory, autonomous or planned, includes both national and
regional adaptation strategies as well as practical steps taken at community level or by
individuals (Swart et al, 2009).

European countries are at different stages in preparing, developing and implementing
national adaptation strategies. The progress made thus far depends on a number of
factors including the magnitude and nature of observed impacts, the assessment of
current and future vulnerability, and the existing capacity to adapt. The recent and
current pace of developments in the context of national adaptation strategies across
Europe implies that policies in this area are developing extremely rapidly (Swart et al,
2009).

Understanding the driving forces behind the development of these strategies is an
exercise that needs to take into account current (and future) political motivations as
well as the availability of information on national and regional impacts and
vulnerabilities.




1
 Rob Swart, Robbert Biesbroek, Svend Binnerup, Timothy R. Carter, Caroline Cowan, Thomas Henrichs,
Sophie Loquen, Hanna Mela, Michael Morecroft, Moritz Reese and Daniela Rey 2009. Europe Adapts to
Climate Change: Comparing National Adaptation Strategies. PEER Report No 1. Helsinki: Partnership for
European Environmental Research.


                                                                                                    3
2. Rationale for the Workshop

To bring together various relevant European perspectives on adaptation to climate
change, the 1st International CIRCLE Workshop on Climate Change Adaptation
(Budapest, Hungary, 17-18 June 2009)2 involved 40 participants from 24 different
countries and incorporated the views of many experts working on the advancement of
climate change adaptation planning at the national level (see annex 1 for list of
participants).

Under its overarching theme - National Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change - the
Workshop’s objective was to provide an overview on the current status of these
strategies across Europe and an opportunity to exchange views on a broad range of
fields from motivating factors to knowledge uncertainties, priority setting,
communication, policy integration, monitoring and enforcement.

CIRCLE ERA-Net is a Coordination network of research funding and managing
organisations aiming at the implementation of a European Research Area (ERA) on
Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. One of its objectives is to
support the systematic exchange of information between climate research and policy
development.

The Workshop served this objective by allowing the CIRCLE ERA-Net to:

         Assess the current status and development of climate change adaptation
         management in different European countries;

         Understand what the common climate research and knowledge gaps - across
         different countries in Europe - are;

         Discuss national experiences and help involved stakeholders to identify current
         strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in their adaptation strategy
         development; and

         Explore the potential for increased collaboration between countries in
         strengthening their efforts to develop adaptation policy at the national level.

2
    http://www.circle-era.net/results/circle-nas-workshop/


                                                                                           4
CIRCLE ERA-net has recently supported a comparative study - Europe Adapts to Climate
Change: Comparing National Adaptation Strategies3 - developed by the Partnership for
European Environmental Research (PEER). This study provides a sample analysis of
national adaptation strategies in order to identify policy-relevant findings and
formulate recommendations to policy makers and research managers.

The study was structured around six key themes and its key conclusions where
presented first-hand to the Workshops participants serving as an introduction and
framework for discussion:

         Motivating and facilitating factors for strategy development;

         Science-policy interactions and the place of research;

         The role of communicating adaptation;

         Multi-level governance in shaping and delivering national adaptation strategies;

         The integration of adaptation into sectoral policies;

         The role of policy monitoring, review and enforcement.

Planning and implementing effective adaptation options takes time. Developing and
framing those options over the long periods covered by national adaptation strategies
can benefit from a process of continuous interaction and collaboration across
countries. The CIRCLE Workshop on Climate Change Adaptation was one step in this
process.

The workshop agenda covered two days (see annex 2). During the first day,
presentations from CIRCLE ERA-Net and the aforementioned study by the PEER gave
the participants an introductory note and set the scope for both days. Afterwards,
representatives from eight different countries presented the status and recent
developments of their National Adaptation Strategies (Finland, Spain, Denmark, the
Netherlands, Germany, Hungary, Sweden and Turkey). Workshop participants from
other countries had also the opportunity to provide a brief overview on their own
national strategies’ status (i.e. Portugal, UK, Poland, Switzerland and Norway).

3
    http://www.peer-initiative.org/media/m256_PEER_Report1.pdf


                                                                                            5
During the second day of the Workshop two spilt-up groups allowed the participants to
interact and debate some of the main questions arising from day one. These groups
were focused on the specific needs and difficulties that surround the development of a
comprehensive National Adaptation Strategy. Key points and conclusions from the
groups where then reported back to the plenary for a final round of discussion.

3. Workshop Perspectives

CIRCLE ERA-Net4

The CIRCLE ERA-Net (Climate Impact Research Coordination for a Larger Europe) was
presented by Markus Leitner (Environment Agency Austria). The presentation covered
the ERA-Net’s goals, scope and current activities as well as its future agenda and
objectives.

The main objective of CIRCLE is to step up coordination of research activities carried
out at national/regional level in the EU Member and Associated States by supporting
and enhancing collaboration efforts between national/regional research programmes
on Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability (CCIAV).

Focusing on the research management of transnational CCIAV science, CIRCLE has
developed efforts to support the climate change adaptation framework in Europe. By
aggregating national/regional information on CCIAV research programmes (including
projects and results) and making it available to its partners, observers and other
external organisations, CIRCLE developed its own platform on CCIAV knowledge
exchange across Europe.

CIRCLE has incorporated Europe’s research needs into its agenda and provided funding
to applied transnational research projects on CCIAV. The expected results (i.e. both
from the research management and from the scientific knowledge production
perspectives of the ERA) aim to foster the links between research funding and
managing organisations and the European climate change research community.


4
    http://www.circle-era.net/


                                                                                    6
Europe Adapts to Climate Change - Comparing National Adaptation Strategies

The recently published PEER study: “Europe adapts to Climate Change - Comparing
National Adaptation Strategies” was presented by Robbert Biesbroek (Wageningen
University, The Netherlands). This study presents a comparative analysis of National
Adaptation Strategies (NAS) in a sample of European countries.

After a brief introduction on the main conclusions and recommendations from a
parallel PEER report, the presentation focussed on the methodological approach of
comparing NAS and on the six common themes that where found in all NAS.
Afterwards, a short overview of the report’s main conclusions and research
recommendations was provided for each of the six assessed dimensions.

The primary objectives of the PEER study were to identify policy-relevant findings and
formulate recommendations for further research.

Spain

The Spanish NAS was presented by Juan-Manuel Sánchez and Eva-Maria Rubio
(Science and Innovation Ministry, Spain).

The objectives of the National Climate Change Adaptation plan are: to develop
methods to evaluate impacts, vulnerability and adaptation; to integrate adaptation to
climate change into the planning strategy of the different socio-economic sectors and
ecological systems; to assist administrations and organizations to assess the impacts of
climate change in their area of interest; to incorporate to the Spanish Research +
Development + Innovation system the most relevant needs for climate change impact
assessment; and to promote the participation of all stakeholders involved in the
different sectors and systems.

One of the key messages was that it is necessary that each sector does its own
assessment.




                                                                                      7
Hungary

The Hungarian Climate Change Strategy was presented by Sugárka Kelecsényi (Ministry
for Environment and Water) and Sándor Molnár (Szt István University, Hungary).

The Hungarian National Climate Change Strategy (NCCS) focuses on Mitigation,
adaptation and a low carbon economy. A separate NAS has not yet been developed.
Within NCCS adaptation will have an important role due to Climate change Impacts on
all environmental factors. Especially tourism is directly affected by climate change,
where warmer climate may prolong the tourism periods, but extreme weather might
impair it, by negatively affecting water quality and quantity. The strategy’s revision will
have to include tourism, security and settlement design sectors.

Adaptation measures like the preparation of public health institutions, halting of
desertification, conservation of population in rural areas, alternative transportation
means, and modality change, drought – tolerance increase in agriculture and
settlement re-organisation will be necessary in the upcoming years.

Denmark

The Danish NAS was presented by Svend Binnerup (National Environment Research
Institute).

The main points were: the creation of an information platform to be used by decision
makers; the need for inter-ministerial working groups and also working groups to
identify research gaps. The available research community related to climate change
was identified through a “Mapping of CC research” study. A key factor for a successful
NAS is the joint drafting of research programmes, where researchers and policy
makers (e.g. policy forum) jointly focus on specific research needs, including the
involvement of local governments and NGO`s during this process.

Existing research programmes, climate data and scenarios need to be used and the
current knowledge need to be transfer to their own system. The discussion of the
problems of downscaling from global models and the communication of uncertainties


                                                                                         8
were highlighted and need to be communicated. NAS needs to build on existing
legislation and the responsibilities on diverse levels (e.g. municipality and local
government) need to be defined. A permanent coordination unit is needed to have a
successful process and secure the continuous uptake of scientific results into the NAS.

Germany

The German NAS was presented by Petra Mahrenholz (Federal Environment Agency).

The key message was that: vulnerability has to be decreased and the adaptation
capacity increased. The most vulnerable regions have to be identified and adaptation
needs should be prioritised. The existing information/knowledge platform Compass
and the Climate service centre will serve as the national platform for information in
the field of Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability (CCIAV). NAS has to
be seen as a mutual learning process that needs to be supported by a consultation
process.

Emphasis was also placed on economic issues and the integration of adaptation into
other policy fields. Sufficient funding needs to be made available for adaptation
research. Also the need to for an inter-ministerial approach (policy/sectors) and
interdisciplinary approach (science/research) was identified (e.g. avoid conflicts
between adaptation measures and emission reduction). One institution/ministry needs
to lead the process, link with other Ministries and Regions as well as link NAS and
Regional Adaptation Strategies (RAS).

There is an urgent need to translate uncertainties to decision makers. This will require
further research to develop tools or a common language that allows decisions to be
taken under conditions of scientific uncertainty.

The Netherlands

The Dutch NAS was presented by Rob Schoonman (Ministry of Housing, Spatial
Planning and the Environment).




                                                                                          9
In the Netherlands Adaptation to Climate Change is primarily related to spatial
planning and water issues. The identified key to success has been stakeholder
involvement. The process itself needs to be driven from the top-down, with strong
support from bottom-up especially for implementation plans and actions. The NAS can
only be responsible for the result and process itself, but support must come from the
other key national players and the local and regional level. A distinction was also made
between the different phases of activities from the NAS, planning and implementation.
Overall, political support was identified as being an essential element for the success
of a NAS.

The science/policy interface was also highlighted as being an important issue. For
example, the Dutch Delta alliance for knowledge transfer and joint approaches was
mooted as a good example of a coordinated approach.

The need to deal with uncertainties in a manner that is understandable by end users is
seen as very important.

Finland

The Finnish NAS was presented by Paavo-Petri Ahonen (Academy of Finland) based on
the presentation of Veikko Marttila (Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Finland).

The main points were that the development of the NAS and research need to go hand
in hand and inter-ministerial working groups were seen as a successful approach on
getting all necessary sectors on board. The research focus is now on regional and
socio-economic aspects. Finland has recently conducted a Report on the “Evaluation of
the implementation of Finland's National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change
2009.

The importance of good communication was highlighted, especially with
municipalities. Preparatory actions towards implementation need to be done and
much can be learned from the experiences of advanced sectors such as forestry and
agriculture.



                                                                                       10
Sweden

The Swedish approach was presented by Tom Hedlund (Swedish Environmental
Protection Agency - SEPA).

There is no NAS in Sweden and adaptation to Climate Change is integrated in
respective sectoral responsibilities. Funding is provided for the national, regional and
local level (municipalities) for e.g. physical planning; ensuring electricity supply. The
approach is top-down. A Commission on Climate Change and Vulnerability provided a
report with regional scenarios, vulnerability, cost estimations, impact and adaptation
potential assessments. It is seen as a learning process regarding models, scenarios and
vulnerability.

The Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) provide scientific
information and the SEPA monitors the progress every 4 years. The state is only
responsible for state duties and the private sector – e.g. insurance – needs to adapt
like the whole economy sector. The state provides basic knowledge and information to
the public and other sectors. First estimations on adaptation costs are given, but it is
still difficult to accurately calculate them and the figures can only give a preliminary
overview.

Turkey

The Turkish approach to adapting to Climate Change was presented by Hatice Sengül
(Tübitak – Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey).

Currently no NAS is in place, but there is a strong willingness to adapt to climate
change and several research projects are ongoing (only a few on adaptation). Currently
the research needs to be fed to policy before Turkey can go ahead. The Environment is
seen as a key issue to become a Member of the EU. Especially water issue and
biodiversity are seen as the big topics for adaptation. Turkey will soon become a party
of the Kyoto protocol (August 2009).




                                                                                      11
Mr Atila Uras (UN Joint Programme Manager) presented the UN Joint Programme
“Enhancing the capacity of Turkey to adapt to climate change”. Climate Change is now
an important topic in Turkey and the NAS shall also support the country to transform
its economy to become sustainable. Integration of adaptation on national, regional
and local level is now ongoing. The NAS process focuses on sectors and its
vulnerabilities, but also the relevance of cross-cutting issues is seen as very important.
The main problem is still desertification.




                                                                                       12
4. Recommendations and Key Messages of the Workshop

The following recommendations represent a summary of issues that were identified
and discussed during the workshop. Some key messages coming out of the workshop
are put forward for consideration by experts and organisations involved on the
development of their National or Regional Adaptation Strategies (NAS/RAS).

Recommendations and adaptation key messages

     Many European countries see the adoption of a formal NAS (i.e. political
     framework document) as a valuable guidance for the mainstreaming and
     implementation of adaptation processes.

     NAS builds on existing legislation and should aim at integrating adaptation in all
     policy fields and respective sectoral responsibilities (e.g. make the adaptation
     topic cross-cut with the ministerial priorities).

     Several European countries and governments feel confident that, despite large
     uncertainties, the available knowledge is sufficient to promote adaptation
     strategies and implementation actions.

     Climate change adaptation activities must continue despite political changes. A
     good way to ensure the continuation of adaptation processes is to engage lower
     institutional levels. Once adaptive action has started on a regional or local level,
     it will create pressure in case of political change or of erosion of the willingness
     to continue with adaptation on the national level (see figure 1 next page).




                                                                                      13
        Institutional level
                                 Minister 1            Minister X                   Federal level




                                                             re
                                                             ssu
                                                         Pr e
                                                                                   Local level



                                                                                         Time


                              Figure 1: Interaction between the institutional levels over time


A NAS should be viewed as a continuous learning process (e.g. learning from
more advanced sectors; updating models, scenarios and vulnerability
assessments) and should spell out short- and medium term actions to achieve
long term adaptation goals.

Responsibilities over the adaptation processes, especially at the regional,
municipal and local level, should be precisely defined. Multi-level governance
approaches can be useful if, for example, decisions on large-scale infrastructures
can be taken at the national level, while locally focused decisions can be taken at
the regional or local one.

Most vulnerable regions/sectors have to be identified at an early stage and
adaptation needs to be prioritised according to vulnerability studies. Subsequent
ranking of priorities can include: cost effectiveness, potential avoidance of
irreversible effects, width of impacts spectrum and availability of no regrets
measures.

Political coordination and involvement (e.g. governmental bodies, regions
provinces, and communities) should start right at the beginning of the NAS
development process.



                                                                                                    14
The establishment of a permanent coordination unit/institution/ministry that
takes the lead in the NAS development process and links with other stakeholders
is important to set up good communication channels but also to monitor the
progress and implementation of the strategy.

Structured communication about limits, possibilities and uncertainties is needed
to correctly develop adaptation actions. An information platform with
national/regional scenarios on impacts and vulnerabilities as well as, when
possible, cost estimations, can provide such a structure. Care should be taken to
train regional/local authority staff on the use of available scenarios for their
correct use in decision-making.

Topical and geographical focused approaches are needed to cope with the
differences between available information, ongoing NAS development and future
knowledge production.

National- and regional-wise identification and mapping of the climate change
research community can provide valuable information on the available scientific
expertise on adaptation.

NAS development and research needs have to go hand in hand (i.e. interface
between policy makers and the scientific networks has to be further developed
in many European countries). Working groups to identify research gaps and
allocate funding to research on adaptation can provide valuable information.

Joint drafting (i.e. researchers, policy makers, NGO`s and other relevant
stakeholders) of research programmes focusing on specific research needs are
important for the continuation of the adaptation process after priorities are
assessed.

The difference between knowledge needs (i.e. fast needs coming from the policy
side) and science needs (i.e. arising in the research community but not necessary
relevant to the NAS) must be acknowledged.



                                                                               15
“Boundary” organisations and networks (e.g. European Environment Agency,
CIRCLE ERA-Net) that are able to compile existing knowledge or quickly respond
to emerging research questions via funding of tailored projects, can play a
central role in supporting the NAS development.

After a NAS is in place an extended communication and awareness rising plan
with strong stakeholder involvement is key to success.

“Conflicts” between Mitigation and Adaptation will not be different to the
existing conflicts between diverse sectors. Synergies between mitigation and
adaptation should be sought out instead of the conflicts.




                                                                           16
5. CIRCLE ERA-Net as an interface to support NAS development

CIRCLE ERA-Net and its network organisations (i.e. European research funders and
managers) are part of the interface between available scientific knowledge on climate
change impacts and vulnerabilities and the need for information that supports climate
policy development and particularly, National Adaptation Strategies and Action Plans.

During the Workshop participants where asked to give their opinion on how this
interface should develop in the upcoming years and what kind of initiatives should be
supported.

The results of this consultation indicate 5 main points where CIRCLE is regarded as
important to the support of national and regional science-policy developments on
adaptation:

   1. Interaction forums (e.g. workshops, conferences, seminars) such as the
       Budapest Workshop are seen as very important to enhance stakeholder
       networking and exchange of knowledge across Europe and should be organized
       in a regular basis;

   2. “Specific topics bring specific players and questions”. The topics of the
       interaction forums should be clearly focused on research and policy needs in
       order to bring together different levels of stakeholders, researchers and
       policymakers.

   3. Support to European initiatives like the Climate Change Impacts, vulnerability
       and Adaptation Clearinghouse by linking information at the transnational level;

   4. Support of overview studies (i.e. research and policy) on adaptation (e.g. PEER
       study on NAS comparison);

   5. Cooperate with existing European/national/regional networks on specific
       research and policy topics, in order to identify pressing knowledge/research
       gaps and fill them by funding transnational joint calls for research projects.




                                                                                        17
6. Acknowledgments

CIRCLE ERA-Net would like to acknowledge Dr. Sugárka Kelecsényi and her team at the
Hungarian Ministry of Environment and Water for the organization of 1st CIRCLE
International Workshop on Climate Change Adaptation and the Hungarian
Meteorological Service for having kindly provided with the venue for the workshop.

CIRCLE would like to thank all speakers, moderators and participants at the workshop
for their valuable contributions.




                                                                                     18
        ANNEX 1

Workshop Participants List




                             19
CIRCLE ERA-Net Workshop                                   Supporting the exchange and development of                                 17-18 June 2009 Budapest
                                                        National Adaptation Strategies (NAS) across Europe

First         Last         Organization                            City          Country       E-Mail

Sophie        Verheyden    Belgian Science Policy Office (belSPO) Brussels       Belgium       sophie.verheyden@belspo.be

Justas        Kazys        Department of Hydrology &               Vilnius       Lithuania     justas.kazys@gf.vu.lt
                           Climatology, Vilnius University
Paavo-Petri   Ahonen       Academy of Finland                      Helsinki      Finland       paavo-petri.ahonen@aka.fi
Yeshayahu     Bar-Or       MoE Israel                              Jerusalem     Israel        ybo@sviva.gov.il
Margaret      Desmond      EPA                                     Dublin        Ireland       m.desmond@epa.ie
Vicente       Caselles     University of Valencia                  Burjassot     Spain         vicente.caselles@uv.es
Sadowski      Maciej       Institute of Environmental Protection   Warszawa      Poland        Maciej.Sadowski@ios.edu.pl

Cathrine      Andersen     Directorate for Civil Protection and    Tonsberg      Norway        cathrine.andersen@dsb.no
                           Emergency Planning
Elisabeth     Longva       Directorate for Civil Protection and    Tønsberg      Norway        elisabeth.longva@dsb.no
                           Emergency Planning
Petra         Mahrenholz   UBA Germany                             Dessau        Germany       petra.mahrenholz@uba.de
Markus        Leitner      Umweltbundesamt                         Vienna        Austria       markus.leitner@umweltbundesamt.at
Daniel        Martin       MEEDDAT                                 PARIS         France        daniel.martin@developpement-durable.gouv.fr
Barbara       Kronberger   Federal Ministry of Agriculture,        Vienna        Austria       barbara.kronberger@lebensministerium.at
                           Forestry, Environment and Water
                           Management
Juan Manuel   Sanchez      University of Castilla-La Mancha        Albacete      Spain         juanmanuel.sanchez@uclm.es
Tanja         Cegnar       Environmental Agency of Slovenia        Ljubljana     Slovenia      tanja.cegnar@gov.si
Silvia        Medri        CMCC                                    Bologna       Italy         medri@bo.ingv.it
Hatice        Sengül       TÜBITAK                                 Ankara        Turkey        hatice.sengul@tubitak.gov.tr
Stéphane      Isoard       European Environment Agency             Copenhagen    Denmark       Stephane.Isoard@eea.europa.eu
Roland        Hohmann      FOEN                                    Bern          Switzerland   roland.hohmann@bafu.admin.ch

Finn          Martinsen    Norwegian Directorate of Health         Oslo          Norway        fma@helsedir.no

Robbert       Biesbroek    Wageningen University                   Wageningen The         robbert.biesbroek@wur.nl
                                                                              Netherlands
Maria         Balas        Umweltbundesamt                         Wien       Austria     maria.balas@umweltbundesamt.at
Harri         Hautala      Academy of Finland                      Helsinki      Finland       harri.hautala@aka.fi
CIRCLE ERA-Net Workshop                               Supporting the exchange and development of                                17-18 June 2009 Budapest
                                                    National Adaptation Strategies (NAS) across Europe

First      Last           Organization                          City         Country      E-Mail

Robert     Schoonman      Ministry VROM                         Den Haag     Netherlands rob.schoonman@minvrom.nl

Peter      Tramberend     UBA-A                                 Vienna       Austria      peter.tramberend@umweltbundesamt.at
Atila      Uras           United Nations Joint Programme,       Ankara       Turkey       atila.uras@undp.org
                          Turkey
Eva        Rubio          University of Castilla-La Mancha      Albacete     Spain        evamaria.rubio@uclm.es
Tiago      Capela         FFCUL                                 Lisboa       Portugal     tcapela@siam.fis.fc.ul.pt
           Lourenço
Tom        Hedlund        Swedish Environmental Protection      Stockholm    Sweden       tom.hedlund@naturvardsverket.se
                          Agency
Svend      Binnerup       Coordination unit for Research in     Roskilde     Denmark      sbi@dmu.dk
                          Climate Change Adaptation, National
                          Environmental Research Institute
                          (NERI), Aarhus University
Michael    Lord           Environment Agency                    Bristol      United       michael.lord@environment-agency.gov.uk
                                                                             Kingdom
Johan      Bogaert        Flemish Government - Department of    Brussels     Belgium      Johan.Bogaert@lne.vlaanderen.be
                          Environment, Nature and Energy

Marit      Heinen         Climate changes Spatial Planning      Amsterdam    The         m.heinen@programmabureauklimaat.nl
                                                                             Netherlands
Oliver     Bochníček    SHMÚ                                    Bratislava   Slovakia    oliver.bochnicek@shmu.sk
Paulo      Canaveira    Ministry of Environment, Land-use       Lisboa       Portugal    paulo.canaveira@sg.maotdr.gov.pt
                        planning and Regional Development
Sait       Tahmiscioglu Turkish Republic Ministry of            Ankara       Turkey       saitt@dsi.gov.tr
                        Environment and Forestry, General
                        Directorate of State Hydraulic Works
Sándor     Molnár       Szt István University                   Budapest     Hungary      smol@sysexpert.com
Márta      Pellérdi     MEW                                     Budapest     Hungary      pellerdimarta@gmail.com

Sugárka    Kelecsényi     MEW                                   Budapest     Hungary      kelecsenyi@mail.kvvm.hu

Aydmir     Gamze          REC                                   Budapest     Hungary      gamze@rec.org
           Celikyilmaz
   ANNEX 2

Workshop Agenda




                  20
Further Information and Registration                         CIRCLE Partners



                                                                                                                                     CIRCLE
http://www.circle-era.net/events/circle-workshop-national-   Austria: Federal Environment Agency;
adaptation-strategies-2009/                                  Federal Ministry of Science and Research
                                                             Belgium: Federal Public Planning Service for Science Policy
Registration                                                 Finland: Academy of Finland, Finnish Environment Institute
                                                             France: Agence de l’Environnement et de Maîtrise de l’Energie;
Accommodation                                                Ministère de l’Ecologie et du Développement et de l’Aménagement
                                                             durables; VERSeau Développement
Hotel Budapest: http://www.danubiushotels.hu/hu/             Germany: German Aerospace Centre-Project management Agency;
                 budapesti-szallodak/hotel-budapest          Federal Ministry of Education and Research
Hotel Papillon: http://www.ohb.hu/papillon/index.hu.html     Greece: Mariolopoulos-Kanaginis Foundation for the
Hotel Belvedere: http://www.ohb.hu/belvedere/index.hu.html   Environmental Sciences
                                                                                                                                            ERA-Net CIRCLE June Workshop
                                                             Hungary: Ministry of Environment and Water
                                                             Israel: Ministry of the Environment
Venue arrival
http://www.circle-era.net/events/circle-workshop-national-
                                                             Italy: Ministry of Environment, Land and Sea;
                                                             National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology
                                                                                                                                     Supporting the exchange
adaptation-strategies-2009/                                  The Netherlands: Foundation Climate changes Spatial Planning
                                                             Norway: The Research Council of Norway
                                                                                                                                     about and development
                                                             Portugal: Foundation for Science and Technology; Foundation of the
                                                             Faculty of Science of the University of Lisbon
                                                                                                                                     of National Adaptation
                                                             Sweden: Swedish Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and
                                                             Spatial Planning; Swedish Environment protection Agency; Rossby
                                                                                                                                     Strategies (NAS) across
                                                             Centre of the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute         Europe
                                                             CIRCLE Observers
                                                             Denmark: Danish Meteorological Institute
                                                             Iceland: RANNIS – The Icelandic Centre for ResearchIreland:
                                                                                                                                                          June 17-18 2009
                                                             Environment Protection Agency
                                                             Malta: Malta Environment & Protection Agency                                       National Meteorological Service
                                                             Poland: Institute for Ecology of Industrial Areas                                   Kitaibel Pál u.1, 1024. Budapest
                                                             Russia: Center for Environmental Research and Training, Institute for
                                                             Monitoring of Climatic and Ecological Systems, Siberian Branch of the   www.circle-era.net
                                                             Russian Academy of Science
                                                             Spain: Regional Ministry of Innovation and Industry – Galician
                                                             Government; Ministry of Science and Innovation
                                                             Switzerland: Federal Office for the Environment; ProClim Forum for
                                                             Climate and Global Change
                                                             United Kingdom: UK Climate Impact Programme, Department for
                                                             Environment, Food and Rural Affairs



                                                             Further information
                                                             Pellérdi Márta (pellerdimarta@gmail.com) and
                                                             Markus Leitner (circle@circle-era.net and
                                                             markus.leitner@umweltbundesamt.at)



       Funded by the European Commission
Background                                                           Program                                                                  Thursday, June 18th 2009
                                                                     Chair: Peter Tramberend (Federal Environment Agency, Austria)            09:00–09:10   Welcome
National Adaptation Strategies (NAS) are strategic policy                                                                                     09:10-09:20   Plenary – reflection day 1
documents which encompass long term strategies to adapt to           Wednesday, June 17th 2009
                                                                                                                                              09:20–09:45   Introduction to the working groups
the projected impacts of climate change. They often include          09:30–09:50     Welcoming addresses and scope of the workshop
                                                                                                                                              09:45–12:00   Working groups (topics formulated, with regard
proposals for a wide range of technical, social-economic and                         Sugárka Kelecsenyi (Ministry for Environment and
                                                                                                                                                            to the main outcomes of the PEER study, diverse
behavioural measures to develop adaptation policy to reduce                          Water) and Peter Tramberend
                                                                                                                                                            presentations and discussions of day 1)
vulnerability of natural and socio-economic systems, enhance                         (Federal Environment Agency, Austria)
                                                                                                                                                            (Coffee break)
adaptive capacity of these systems and exploit possible benefits.    09:50–10:10     Presentation of ERA-Net CIRCLE by Markus Leitner
                                                                                                                                              Working Group 1: NAS as learning process! Options,
NAS are generally comprehensive by nature and include climate                        (Federal Environment Agency, Austria)
                                                                                                                                                                frameworks and uncertainties
sensitive sectors across various scales of governance. They are      10:10–10:40     Results of the PEER study
                                                                                                                                              Working Group 2: Europe adapts to Climate Change. Science as
the first step in developing national adaptations policy.                            by Robbert, Biesbroek (Wageningen University)
                                                                                                                                                                the knowledge base for informed strategies.
                                                                     10:40–11:00     Discussion
Only since 2005 developments of National Adaptation                                                                                           12:00–13:00 Presentations of the working group out comes
                                                                     11:00–11:30     coffee break
Strategies in Europe accelerated, spearheaded by Finland which                                                                                13:00–13:20 Synthesis and discussion on outcomes,
was the first country in Europe to publish their strategy. Since     Presentations of practice in different CIRCLE partner countries,                       achievements and outlook
then, many countries have followed and others are intended           processes and implementation of national adaptation strategies,          13:20–13:30 Closing of the workshop, Peter Tramberend
to in the next few years. However, there are large differences       action plans and stakeholder involvement:                                              (Federal Environment Agency, Austria) and Sugárka
in level of development between different countries in Europe.       11:30–11:50 Spanish adaptation strategy by Juan-Manuel                                 Kelecsenyi (Ministry for Environment and Water)
Several countries, particularly in Central and Eastern Europe are                    Sánchez and Eva-Maria Rubio                              13:30–14:30 lunch
still in the very early stages of developing a response to climate                   (Science and Innovation Ministry)
change impacts. And developing a national adaptation strategy        11:50–12:20 Hungarian adaptation strategy by Sugárka
is no sinecure and many choices have to be made to the set the                       Kelecsenyi (Ministry for Environment and Water)          Objectives and Scope
agenda, develop policy appropriate to the local situation, and                       and Sándor Molnár (Szt István University)
support decision making by local and regional stakeholders and       12:20–13:30 lunch                                                        The ERA-Net CIRCLE aims at providing a platform for knowl-
implementation. Where others have developed technical                13:20–13:40 Danish adaptation strategy by Svend Binnerup                 edge exchange in the field of Climate Change, Impacts, Adap-
guidelines (Carter et al, 1994) or Adaptation Policy Frameworks                      (National Environment Research Institute)                tation and Vulnerability (CCIAV). This workshop will offer
(UNDP 2005), the PEER Climate Change initiative has developed
         ,                                                           13:40–14:00 German adaptation strategy by Petra Mahrenholz               space for different participants working on National Adaptation
six crosscutting dimensions by comparing most of the National                        (Federal Environment Agency, Germany)                    Strategies within Europe, to discuss processes for adaptation
Adaptation Strategies that have been adopted in Europe by            14:00–14:30 Discussion                                                   strategies, action plans and involvement of stakeholders.
now: drivers for adaptation policy; science-policy interactions;     14:30–15:00 coffee break                                                 The results of the PEER study “Europe adapts to climate
communication and awareness raising; multi-level governance;                                                                                  change: Comparing National Adaptation Strategies”, will
                                                                     15:00–15:20 Dutch adaptation strategy by Rob Schoonman
policy integration; and compliance and evaluation (Swart et al,                                                                               serve as the basis for presentations about adaptation
                                                                                     (Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the
2009). These experiences, expressed in strengths, weaknesses,                        Environment)                                             processes in different European Union Member States.
opportunities and threats, may provide valuable information to
                                                                     15:20–15:40 Finnish adaptation strategy by Paavo-Petri Ahonen            Therefore, the objectives of the workshop are:
those countries which are intended to develop national
                                                                                     (Academy of Finland) based on the presentation of        • to discuss the recent progress in developing National
adaptation strategies in the coming years.                                           Veikko Marttila (Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry)     Adaptation Strategies (NAS);
                                                                     15:40–16:00 Swedish adaptation strategy by Tom Hedlund                   • to present the experiences of countries to develop
                                                                                     (Swedish Environmental Protection Agency)                  adaptation strategies;
                                                                     16:00–16:20 Turkish adaptation strategy by Hatice Sengül                 • to explore the possibilities to increase collaboration
                                                                                     (Tübitak – Scientific and Technological Research           between countries in strengthening their efforts to
                                                                                     Council of Turkey)                                         develop adaptation policy at the national level.
                                                                     16:20–16:40 Enhancing the capacity of Turkey to adapt to                 Each of the eight countries are invited to present their experien-
                                                                                     climate change by Atila Uras                             ces in developing and implementing their national adaptation
                                                                                     (UN Joint Programme Manager)                             strategies, guided by the six dimensions. Through interactive
                                                                     16:40–17:30 Plenary discussion with speakers                             sessions, policy makers from other countries are invited to
                                                                     19:30–22:30 Evening Event                                                actively participate in the discussion for their own country.

								
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