CIRCLE ERA-Net Climate Impact Research Coordination for a Larger Europe Outcomes of the 1st International CIRCLE Workshop on Climate Change Adaptation Hungarian Meteorological Service Budapest 17-18 June 2009 Editorial Team Tiago Capela Lourenço (University of Lisbon, Portugal) Markus Leitner (Federal Environment Agency, Austria) Marit Heinen (Vrije University, the Netherlands) Robbert Biesbroek (Wageningen University, the Netherlands) Margret Desmond (Environment Protection Agency, Ireland) Roland Hohmann (Federal Office for the Environment, Switzerland) Contents 1. Introduction ........................................................................................... 3 2. Rationale for the Workshop ................................................................... 4 3. Workshop Perspectives .......................................................................... 6 4. Recommendations and Key Messages of the Workshop ...................... 13 5. CIRCLE ERA-Net as an interface to support NAS development ............. 17 6. Acknowledgments ................................................................................ 18 ANNEX 1 ............................................................................................ 19 ANNEX 2 ............................................................................................ 20 2 1. Introduction It is reasonable to state that adaptation to climate change is currently at the top of the agenda of many governments across the world and will be regarded as a national necessity over the coming years and decades. Until recently, the focus of policy related explicitly to climate change was largely geared towards enhancing mitigation efforts. Assessments of climate change impacts and vulnerability have highlighted the fact that European countries are vulnerable to the effects of climate change and require adaptive action (EEA, 2008 in Swart et al, 2009)1. Increasingly, therefore, society and policy-makers are making preparations to counter adverse impacts and initiating dedicated adaptation action. Such adaptation action, which may be anticipatory, autonomous or planned, includes both national and regional adaptation strategies as well as practical steps taken at community level or by individuals (Swart et al, 2009). European countries are at different stages in preparing, developing and implementing national adaptation strategies. The progress made thus far depends on a number of factors including the magnitude and nature of observed impacts, the assessment of current and future vulnerability, and the existing capacity to adapt. The recent and current pace of developments in the context of national adaptation strategies across Europe implies that policies in this area are developing extremely rapidly (Swart et al, 2009). Understanding the driving forces behind the development of these strategies is an exercise that needs to take into account current (and future) political motivations as well as the availability of information on national and regional impacts and vulnerabilities. 1 Rob Swart, Robbert Biesbroek, Svend Binnerup, Timothy R. Carter, Caroline Cowan, Thomas Henrichs, Sophie Loquen, Hanna Mela, Michael Morecroft, Moritz Reese and Daniela Rey 2009. Europe Adapts to Climate Change: Comparing National Adaptation Strategies. PEER Report No 1. Helsinki: Partnership for European Environmental Research. 3 2. Rationale for the Workshop To bring together various relevant European perspectives on adaptation to climate change, the 1st International CIRCLE Workshop on Climate Change Adaptation (Budapest, Hungary, 17-18 June 2009)2 involved 40 participants from 24 different countries and incorporated the views of many experts working on the advancement of climate change adaptation planning at the national level (see annex 1 for list of participants). Under its overarching theme - National Adaptation Strategies to Climate Change - the Workshop’s objective was to provide an overview on the current status of these strategies across Europe and an opportunity to exchange views on a broad range of fields from motivating factors to knowledge uncertainties, priority setting, communication, policy integration, monitoring and enforcement. CIRCLE ERA-Net is a Coordination network of research funding and managing organisations aiming at the implementation of a European Research Area (ERA) on Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. One of its objectives is to support the systematic exchange of information between climate research and policy development. The Workshop served this objective by allowing the CIRCLE ERA-Net to: Assess the current status and development of climate change adaptation management in different European countries; Understand what the common climate research and knowledge gaps - across different countries in Europe - are; Discuss national experiences and help involved stakeholders to identify current strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in their adaptation strategy development; and Explore the potential for increased collaboration between countries in strengthening their efforts to develop adaptation policy at the national level. 2 http://www.circle-era.net/results/circle-nas-workshop/ 4 CIRCLE ERA-net has recently supported a comparative study - Europe Adapts to Climate Change: Comparing National Adaptation Strategies3 - developed by the Partnership for European Environmental Research (PEER). This study provides a sample analysis of national adaptation strategies in order to identify policy-relevant findings and formulate recommendations to policy makers and research managers. The study was structured around six key themes and its key conclusions where presented first-hand to the Workshops participants serving as an introduction and framework for discussion: Motivating and facilitating factors for strategy development; Science-policy interactions and the place of research; The role of communicating adaptation; Multi-level governance in shaping and delivering national adaptation strategies; The integration of adaptation into sectoral policies; The role of policy monitoring, review and enforcement. Planning and implementing effective adaptation options takes time. Developing and framing those options over the long periods covered by national adaptation strategies can benefit from a process of continuous interaction and collaboration across countries. The CIRCLE Workshop on Climate Change Adaptation was one step in this process. The workshop agenda covered two days (see annex 2). During the first day, presentations from CIRCLE ERA-Net and the aforementioned study by the PEER gave the participants an introductory note and set the scope for both days. Afterwards, representatives from eight different countries presented the status and recent developments of their National Adaptation Strategies (Finland, Spain, Denmark, the Netherlands, Germany, Hungary, Sweden and Turkey). Workshop participants from other countries had also the opportunity to provide a brief overview on their own national strategies’ status (i.e. Portugal, UK, Poland, Switzerland and Norway). 3 http://www.peer-initiative.org/media/m256_PEER_Report1.pdf 5 During the second day of the Workshop two spilt-up groups allowed the participants to interact and debate some of the main questions arising from day one. These groups were focused on the specific needs and difficulties that surround the development of a comprehensive National Adaptation Strategy. Key points and conclusions from the groups where then reported back to the plenary for a final round of discussion. 3. Workshop Perspectives CIRCLE ERA-Net4 The CIRCLE ERA-Net (Climate Impact Research Coordination for a Larger Europe) was presented by Markus Leitner (Environment Agency Austria). The presentation covered the ERA-Net’s goals, scope and current activities as well as its future agenda and objectives. The main objective of CIRCLE is to step up coordination of research activities carried out at national/regional level in the EU Member and Associated States by supporting and enhancing collaboration efforts between national/regional research programmes on Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability (CCIAV). Focusing on the research management of transnational CCIAV science, CIRCLE has developed efforts to support the climate change adaptation framework in Europe. By aggregating national/regional information on CCIAV research programmes (including projects and results) and making it available to its partners, observers and other external organisations, CIRCLE developed its own platform on CCIAV knowledge exchange across Europe. CIRCLE has incorporated Europe’s research needs into its agenda and provided funding to applied transnational research projects on CCIAV. The expected results (i.e. both from the research management and from the scientific knowledge production perspectives of the ERA) aim to foster the links between research funding and managing organisations and the European climate change research community. 4 http://www.circle-era.net/ 6 Europe Adapts to Climate Change - Comparing National Adaptation Strategies The recently published PEER study: “Europe adapts to Climate Change - Comparing National Adaptation Strategies” was presented by Robbert Biesbroek (Wageningen University, The Netherlands). This study presents a comparative analysis of National Adaptation Strategies (NAS) in a sample of European countries. After a brief introduction on the main conclusions and recommendations from a parallel PEER report, the presentation focussed on the methodological approach of comparing NAS and on the six common themes that where found in all NAS. Afterwards, a short overview of the report’s main conclusions and research recommendations was provided for each of the six assessed dimensions. The primary objectives of the PEER study were to identify policy-relevant findings and formulate recommendations for further research. Spain The Spanish NAS was presented by Juan-Manuel Sánchez and Eva-Maria Rubio (Science and Innovation Ministry, Spain). The objectives of the National Climate Change Adaptation plan are: to develop methods to evaluate impacts, vulnerability and adaptation; to integrate adaptation to climate change into the planning strategy of the different socio-economic sectors and ecological systems; to assist administrations and organizations to assess the impacts of climate change in their area of interest; to incorporate to the Spanish Research + Development + Innovation system the most relevant needs for climate change impact assessment; and to promote the participation of all stakeholders involved in the different sectors and systems. One of the key messages was that it is necessary that each sector does its own assessment. 7 Hungary The Hungarian Climate Change Strategy was presented by Sugárka Kelecsényi (Ministry for Environment and Water) and Sándor Molnár (Szt István University, Hungary). The Hungarian National Climate Change Strategy (NCCS) focuses on Mitigation, adaptation and a low carbon economy. A separate NAS has not yet been developed. Within NCCS adaptation will have an important role due to Climate change Impacts on all environmental factors. Especially tourism is directly affected by climate change, where warmer climate may prolong the tourism periods, but extreme weather might impair it, by negatively affecting water quality and quantity. The strategy’s revision will have to include tourism, security and settlement design sectors. Adaptation measures like the preparation of public health institutions, halting of desertification, conservation of population in rural areas, alternative transportation means, and modality change, drought – tolerance increase in agriculture and settlement re-organisation will be necessary in the upcoming years. Denmark The Danish NAS was presented by Svend Binnerup (National Environment Research Institute). The main points were: the creation of an information platform to be used by decision makers; the need for inter-ministerial working groups and also working groups to identify research gaps. The available research community related to climate change was identified through a “Mapping of CC research” study. A key factor for a successful NAS is the joint drafting of research programmes, where researchers and policy makers (e.g. policy forum) jointly focus on specific research needs, including the involvement of local governments and NGO`s during this process. Existing research programmes, climate data and scenarios need to be used and the current knowledge need to be transfer to their own system. The discussion of the problems of downscaling from global models and the communication of uncertainties 8 were highlighted and need to be communicated. NAS needs to build on existing legislation and the responsibilities on diverse levels (e.g. municipality and local government) need to be defined. A permanent coordination unit is needed to have a successful process and secure the continuous uptake of scientific results into the NAS. Germany The German NAS was presented by Petra Mahrenholz (Federal Environment Agency). The key message was that: vulnerability has to be decreased and the adaptation capacity increased. The most vulnerable regions have to be identified and adaptation needs should be prioritised. The existing information/knowledge platform Compass and the Climate service centre will serve as the national platform for information in the field of Climate Change Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability (CCIAV). NAS has to be seen as a mutual learning process that needs to be supported by a consultation process. Emphasis was also placed on economic issues and the integration of adaptation into other policy fields. Sufficient funding needs to be made available for adaptation research. Also the need to for an inter-ministerial approach (policy/sectors) and interdisciplinary approach (science/research) was identified (e.g. avoid conflicts between adaptation measures and emission reduction). One institution/ministry needs to lead the process, link with other Ministries and Regions as well as link NAS and Regional Adaptation Strategies (RAS). There is an urgent need to translate uncertainties to decision makers. This will require further research to develop tools or a common language that allows decisions to be taken under conditions of scientific uncertainty. The Netherlands The Dutch NAS was presented by Rob Schoonman (Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment). 9 In the Netherlands Adaptation to Climate Change is primarily related to spatial planning and water issues. The identified key to success has been stakeholder involvement. The process itself needs to be driven from the top-down, with strong support from bottom-up especially for implementation plans and actions. The NAS can only be responsible for the result and process itself, but support must come from the other key national players and the local and regional level. A distinction was also made between the different phases of activities from the NAS, planning and implementation. Overall, political support was identified as being an essential element for the success of a NAS. The science/policy interface was also highlighted as being an important issue. For example, the Dutch Delta alliance for knowledge transfer and joint approaches was mooted as a good example of a coordinated approach. The need to deal with uncertainties in a manner that is understandable by end users is seen as very important. Finland The Finnish NAS was presented by Paavo-Petri Ahonen (Academy of Finland) based on the presentation of Veikko Marttila (Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Finland). The main points were that the development of the NAS and research need to go hand in hand and inter-ministerial working groups were seen as a successful approach on getting all necessary sectors on board. The research focus is now on regional and socio-economic aspects. Finland has recently conducted a Report on the “Evaluation of the implementation of Finland's National Strategy for Adaptation to Climate Change 2009. The importance of good communication was highlighted, especially with municipalities. Preparatory actions towards implementation need to be done and much can be learned from the experiences of advanced sectors such as forestry and agriculture. 10 Sweden The Swedish approach was presented by Tom Hedlund (Swedish Environmental Protection Agency - SEPA). There is no NAS in Sweden and adaptation to Climate Change is integrated in respective sectoral responsibilities. Funding is provided for the national, regional and local level (municipalities) for e.g. physical planning; ensuring electricity supply. The approach is top-down. A Commission on Climate Change and Vulnerability provided a report with regional scenarios, vulnerability, cost estimations, impact and adaptation potential assessments. It is seen as a learning process regarding models, scenarios and vulnerability. The Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) provide scientific information and the SEPA monitors the progress every 4 years. The state is only responsible for state duties and the private sector – e.g. insurance – needs to adapt like the whole economy sector. The state provides basic knowledge and information to the public and other sectors. First estimations on adaptation costs are given, but it is still difficult to accurately calculate them and the figures can only give a preliminary overview. Turkey The Turkish approach to adapting to Climate Change was presented by Hatice Sengül (Tübitak – Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey). Currently no NAS is in place, but there is a strong willingness to adapt to climate change and several research projects are ongoing (only a few on adaptation). Currently the research needs to be fed to policy before Turkey can go ahead. The Environment is seen as a key issue to become a Member of the EU. Especially water issue and biodiversity are seen as the big topics for adaptation. Turkey will soon become a party of the Kyoto protocol (August 2009). 11 Mr Atila Uras (UN Joint Programme Manager) presented the UN Joint Programme “Enhancing the capacity of Turkey to adapt to climate change”. Climate Change is now an important topic in Turkey and the NAS shall also support the country to transform its economy to become sustainable. Integration of adaptation on national, regional and local level is now ongoing. The NAS process focuses on sectors and its vulnerabilities, but also the relevance of cross-cutting issues is seen as very important. The main problem is still desertification. 12 4. Recommendations and Key Messages of the Workshop The following recommendations represent a summary of issues that were identified and discussed during the workshop. Some key messages coming out of the workshop are put forward for consideration by experts and organisations involved on the development of their National or Regional Adaptation Strategies (NAS/RAS). Recommendations and adaptation key messages Many European countries see the adoption of a formal NAS (i.e. political framework document) as a valuable guidance for the mainstreaming and implementation of adaptation processes. NAS builds on existing legislation and should aim at integrating adaptation in all policy fields and respective sectoral responsibilities (e.g. make the adaptation topic cross-cut with the ministerial priorities). Several European countries and governments feel confident that, despite large uncertainties, the available knowledge is sufficient to promote adaptation strategies and implementation actions. Climate change adaptation activities must continue despite political changes. A good way to ensure the continuation of adaptation processes is to engage lower institutional levels. Once adaptive action has started on a regional or local level, it will create pressure in case of political change or of erosion of the willingness to continue with adaptation on the national level (see figure 1 next page). 13 Institutional level Minister 1 Minister X Federal level re ssu Pr e Local level Time Figure 1: Interaction between the institutional levels over time A NAS should be viewed as a continuous learning process (e.g. learning from more advanced sectors; updating models, scenarios and vulnerability assessments) and should spell out short- and medium term actions to achieve long term adaptation goals. Responsibilities over the adaptation processes, especially at the regional, municipal and local level, should be precisely defined. Multi-level governance approaches can be useful if, for example, decisions on large-scale infrastructures can be taken at the national level, while locally focused decisions can be taken at the regional or local one. Most vulnerable regions/sectors have to be identified at an early stage and adaptation needs to be prioritised according to vulnerability studies. Subsequent ranking of priorities can include: cost effectiveness, potential avoidance of irreversible effects, width of impacts spectrum and availability of no regrets measures. Political coordination and involvement (e.g. governmental bodies, regions provinces, and communities) should start right at the beginning of the NAS development process. 14 The establishment of a permanent coordination unit/institution/ministry that takes the lead in the NAS development process and links with other stakeholders is important to set up good communication channels but also to monitor the progress and implementation of the strategy. Structured communication about limits, possibilities and uncertainties is needed to correctly develop adaptation actions. An information platform with national/regional scenarios on impacts and vulnerabilities as well as, when possible, cost estimations, can provide such a structure. Care should be taken to train regional/local authority staff on the use of available scenarios for their correct use in decision-making. Topical and geographical focused approaches are needed to cope with the differences between available information, ongoing NAS development and future knowledge production. National- and regional-wise identification and mapping of the climate change research community can provide valuable information on the available scientific expertise on adaptation. NAS development and research needs have to go hand in hand (i.e. interface between policy makers and the scientific networks has to be further developed in many European countries). Working groups to identify research gaps and allocate funding to research on adaptation can provide valuable information. Joint drafting (i.e. researchers, policy makers, NGO`s and other relevant stakeholders) of research programmes focusing on specific research needs are important for the continuation of the adaptation process after priorities are assessed. The difference between knowledge needs (i.e. fast needs coming from the policy side) and science needs (i.e. arising in the research community but not necessary relevant to the NAS) must be acknowledged. 15 “Boundary” organisations and networks (e.g. European Environment Agency, CIRCLE ERA-Net) that are able to compile existing knowledge or quickly respond to emerging research questions via funding of tailored projects, can play a central role in supporting the NAS development. After a NAS is in place an extended communication and awareness rising plan with strong stakeholder involvement is key to success. “Conflicts” between Mitigation and Adaptation will not be different to the existing conflicts between diverse sectors. Synergies between mitigation and adaptation should be sought out instead of the conflicts. 16 5. CIRCLE ERA-Net as an interface to support NAS development CIRCLE ERA-Net and its network organisations (i.e. European research funders and managers) are part of the interface between available scientific knowledge on climate change impacts and vulnerabilities and the need for information that supports climate policy development and particularly, National Adaptation Strategies and Action Plans. During the Workshop participants where asked to give their opinion on how this interface should develop in the upcoming years and what kind of initiatives should be supported. The results of this consultation indicate 5 main points where CIRCLE is regarded as important to the support of national and regional science-policy developments on adaptation: 1. Interaction forums (e.g. workshops, conferences, seminars) such as the Budapest Workshop are seen as very important to enhance stakeholder networking and exchange of knowledge across Europe and should be organized in a regular basis; 2. “Specific topics bring specific players and questions”. The topics of the interaction forums should be clearly focused on research and policy needs in order to bring together different levels of stakeholders, researchers and policymakers. 3. Support to European initiatives like the Climate Change Impacts, vulnerability and Adaptation Clearinghouse by linking information at the transnational level; 4. Support of overview studies (i.e. research and policy) on adaptation (e.g. PEER study on NAS comparison); 5. Cooperate with existing European/national/regional networks on specific research and policy topics, in order to identify pressing knowledge/research gaps and fill them by funding transnational joint calls for research projects. 17 6. Acknowledgments CIRCLE ERA-Net would like to acknowledge Dr. Sugárka Kelecsényi and her team at the Hungarian Ministry of Environment and Water for the organization of 1st CIRCLE International Workshop on Climate Change Adaptation and the Hungarian Meteorological Service for having kindly provided with the venue for the workshop. CIRCLE would like to thank all speakers, moderators and participants at the workshop for their valuable contributions. 18 ANNEX 1 Workshop Participants List 19 CIRCLE ERA-Net Workshop Supporting the exchange and development of 17-18 June 2009 Budapest National Adaptation Strategies (NAS) across Europe First Last Organization City Country E-Mail Sophie Verheyden Belgian Science Policy Office (belSPO) Brussels Belgium email@example.com Justas Kazys Department of Hydrology & Vilnius Lithuania firstname.lastname@example.org Climatology, Vilnius University Paavo-Petri Ahonen Academy of Finland Helsinki Finland email@example.com Yeshayahu Bar-Or MoE Israel Jerusalem Israel firstname.lastname@example.org Margaret Desmond EPA Dublin Ireland email@example.com Vicente Caselles University of Valencia Burjassot Spain firstname.lastname@example.org Sadowski Maciej Institute of Environmental Protection Warszawa Poland Maciej.Sadowski@ios.edu.pl Cathrine Andersen Directorate for Civil Protection and Tonsberg Norway email@example.com Emergency Planning Elisabeth Longva Directorate for Civil Protection and Tønsberg Norway firstname.lastname@example.org Emergency Planning Petra Mahrenholz UBA Germany Dessau Germany email@example.com Markus Leitner Umweltbundesamt Vienna Austria firstname.lastname@example.org Daniel Martin MEEDDAT PARIS France email@example.com Barbara Kronberger Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Vienna Austria firstname.lastname@example.org Forestry, Environment and Water Management Juan Manuel Sanchez University of Castilla-La Mancha Albacete Spain email@example.com Tanja Cegnar Environmental Agency of Slovenia Ljubljana Slovenia firstname.lastname@example.org Silvia Medri CMCC Bologna Italy email@example.com Hatice Sengül TÜBITAK Ankara Turkey firstname.lastname@example.org Stéphane Isoard European Environment Agency Copenhagen Denmark Stephane.Isoard@eea.europa.eu Roland Hohmann FOEN Bern Switzerland email@example.com Finn Martinsen Norwegian Directorate of Health Oslo Norway firstname.lastname@example.org Robbert Biesbroek Wageningen University Wageningen The email@example.com Netherlands Maria Balas Umweltbundesamt Wien Austria firstname.lastname@example.org Harri Hautala Academy of Finland Helsinki Finland email@example.com CIRCLE ERA-Net Workshop Supporting the exchange and development of 17-18 June 2009 Budapest National Adaptation Strategies (NAS) across Europe First Last Organization City Country E-Mail Robert Schoonman Ministry VROM Den Haag Netherlands firstname.lastname@example.org Peter Tramberend UBA-A Vienna Austria email@example.com Atila Uras United Nations Joint Programme, Ankara Turkey firstname.lastname@example.org Turkey Eva Rubio University of Castilla-La Mancha Albacete Spain email@example.com Tiago Capela FFCUL Lisboa Portugal firstname.lastname@example.org Lourenço Tom Hedlund Swedish Environmental Protection Stockholm Sweden email@example.com Agency Svend Binnerup Coordination unit for Research in Roskilde Denmark firstname.lastname@example.org Climate Change Adaptation, National Environmental Research Institute (NERI), Aarhus University Michael Lord Environment Agency Bristol United email@example.com Kingdom Johan Bogaert Flemish Government - Department of Brussels Belgium Johan.Bogaert@lne.vlaanderen.be Environment, Nature and Energy Marit Heinen Climate changes Spatial Planning Amsterdam The firstname.lastname@example.org Netherlands Oliver Bochníček SHMÚ Bratislava Slovakia email@example.com Paulo Canaveira Ministry of Environment, Land-use Lisboa Portugal firstname.lastname@example.org planning and Regional Development Sait Tahmiscioglu Turkish Republic Ministry of Ankara Turkey email@example.com Environment and Forestry, General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works Sándor Molnár Szt István University Budapest Hungary firstname.lastname@example.org Márta Pellérdi MEW Budapest Hungary email@example.com Sugárka Kelecsényi MEW Budapest Hungary firstname.lastname@example.org Aydmir Gamze REC Budapest Hungary email@example.com Celikyilmaz ANNEX 2 Workshop Agenda 20 Further Information and Registration CIRCLE Partners CIRCLE http://www.circle-era.net/events/circle-workshop-national- Austria: Federal Environment Agency; adaptation-strategies-2009/ Federal Ministry of Science and Research Belgium: Federal Public Planning Service for Science Policy Registration Finland: Academy of Finland, Finnish Environment Institute France: Agence de l’Environnement et de Maîtrise de l’Energie; Accommodation Ministère de l’Ecologie et du Développement et de l’Aménagement durables; VERSeau Développement Hotel Budapest: http://www.danubiushotels.hu/hu/ Germany: German Aerospace Centre-Project management Agency; budapesti-szallodak/hotel-budapest Federal Ministry of Education and Research Hotel Papillon: http://www.ohb.hu/papillon/index.hu.html Greece: Mariolopoulos-Kanaginis Foundation for the Hotel Belvedere: http://www.ohb.hu/belvedere/index.hu.html Environmental Sciences ERA-Net CIRCLE June Workshop Hungary: Ministry of Environment and Water Israel: Ministry of the Environment Venue arrival http://www.circle-era.net/events/circle-workshop-national- Italy: Ministry of Environment, Land and Sea; National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology Supporting the exchange adaptation-strategies-2009/ The Netherlands: Foundation Climate changes Spatial Planning Norway: The Research Council of Norway about and development Portugal: Foundation for Science and Technology; Foundation of the Faculty of Science of the University of Lisbon of National Adaptation Sweden: Swedish Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning; Swedish Environment protection Agency; Rossby Strategies (NAS) across Centre of the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute Europe CIRCLE Observers Denmark: Danish Meteorological Institute Iceland: RANNIS – The Icelandic Centre for ResearchIreland: June 17-18 2009 Environment Protection Agency Malta: Malta Environment & Protection Agency National Meteorological Service Poland: Institute for Ecology of Industrial Areas Kitaibel Pál u.1, 1024. Budapest Russia: Center for Environmental Research and Training, Institute for Monitoring of Climatic and Ecological Systems, Siberian Branch of the www.circle-era.net Russian Academy of Science Spain: Regional Ministry of Innovation and Industry – Galician Government; Ministry of Science and Innovation Switzerland: Federal Office for the Environment; ProClim Forum for Climate and Global Change United Kingdom: UK Climate Impact Programme, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Further information Pellérdi Márta (firstname.lastname@example.org) and Markus Leitner (email@example.com and firstname.lastname@example.org) Funded by the European Commission Background Program Thursday, June 18th 2009 Chair: Peter Tramberend (Federal Environment Agency, Austria) 09:00–09:10 Welcome National Adaptation Strategies (NAS) are strategic policy 09:10-09:20 Plenary – reflection day 1 documents which encompass long term strategies to adapt to Wednesday, June 17th 2009 09:20–09:45 Introduction to the working groups the projected impacts of climate change. They often include 09:30–09:50 Welcoming addresses and scope of the workshop 09:45–12:00 Working groups (topics formulated, with regard proposals for a wide range of technical, social-economic and Sugárka Kelecsenyi (Ministry for Environment and to the main outcomes of the PEER study, diverse behavioural measures to develop adaptation policy to reduce Water) and Peter Tramberend presentations and discussions of day 1) vulnerability of natural and socio-economic systems, enhance (Federal Environment Agency, Austria) (Coffee break) adaptive capacity of these systems and exploit possible benefits. 09:50–10:10 Presentation of ERA-Net CIRCLE by Markus Leitner Working Group 1: NAS as learning process! Options, NAS are generally comprehensive by nature and include climate (Federal Environment Agency, Austria) frameworks and uncertainties sensitive sectors across various scales of governance. They are 10:10–10:40 Results of the PEER study Working Group 2: Europe adapts to Climate Change. Science as the first step in developing national adaptations policy. by Robbert, Biesbroek (Wageningen University) the knowledge base for informed strategies. 10:40–11:00 Discussion Only since 2005 developments of National Adaptation 12:00–13:00 Presentations of the working group out comes 11:00–11:30 coffee break Strategies in Europe accelerated, spearheaded by Finland which 13:00–13:20 Synthesis and discussion on outcomes, was the first country in Europe to publish their strategy. Since Presentations of practice in different CIRCLE partner countries, achievements and outlook then, many countries have followed and others are intended processes and implementation of national adaptation strategies, 13:20–13:30 Closing of the workshop, Peter Tramberend to in the next few years. However, there are large differences action plans and stakeholder involvement: (Federal Environment Agency, Austria) and Sugárka in level of development between different countries in Europe. 11:30–11:50 Spanish adaptation strategy by Juan-Manuel Kelecsenyi (Ministry for Environment and Water) Several countries, particularly in Central and Eastern Europe are Sánchez and Eva-Maria Rubio 13:30–14:30 lunch still in the very early stages of developing a response to climate (Science and Innovation Ministry) change impacts. And developing a national adaptation strategy 11:50–12:20 Hungarian adaptation strategy by Sugárka is no sinecure and many choices have to be made to the set the Kelecsenyi (Ministry for Environment and Water) Objectives and Scope agenda, develop policy appropriate to the local situation, and and Sándor Molnár (Szt István University) support decision making by local and regional stakeholders and 12:20–13:30 lunch The ERA-Net CIRCLE aims at providing a platform for knowl- implementation. Where others have developed technical 13:20–13:40 Danish adaptation strategy by Svend Binnerup edge exchange in the field of Climate Change, Impacts, Adap- guidelines (Carter et al, 1994) or Adaptation Policy Frameworks (National Environment Research Institute) tation and Vulnerability (CCIAV). This workshop will offer (UNDP 2005), the PEER Climate Change initiative has developed , 13:40–14:00 German adaptation strategy by Petra Mahrenholz space for different participants working on National Adaptation six crosscutting dimensions by comparing most of the National (Federal Environment Agency, Germany) Strategies within Europe, to discuss processes for adaptation Adaptation Strategies that have been adopted in Europe by 14:00–14:30 Discussion strategies, action plans and involvement of stakeholders. now: drivers for adaptation policy; science-policy interactions; 14:30–15:00 coffee break The results of the PEER study “Europe adapts to climate communication and awareness raising; multi-level governance; change: Comparing National Adaptation Strategies”, will 15:00–15:20 Dutch adaptation strategy by Rob Schoonman policy integration; and compliance and evaluation (Swart et al, serve as the basis for presentations about adaptation (Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the 2009). These experiences, expressed in strengths, weaknesses, Environment) processes in different European Union Member States. opportunities and threats, may provide valuable information to 15:20–15:40 Finnish adaptation strategy by Paavo-Petri Ahonen Therefore, the objectives of the workshop are: those countries which are intended to develop national (Academy of Finland) based on the presentation of • to discuss the recent progress in developing National adaptation strategies in the coming years. Veikko Marttila (Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry) Adaptation Strategies (NAS); 15:40–16:00 Swedish adaptation strategy by Tom Hedlund • to present the experiences of countries to develop (Swedish Environmental Protection Agency) adaptation strategies; 16:00–16:20 Turkish adaptation strategy by Hatice Sengül • to explore the possibilities to increase collaboration (Tübitak – Scientific and Technological Research between countries in strengthening their efforts to Council of Turkey) develop adaptation policy at the national level. 16:20–16:40 Enhancing the capacity of Turkey to adapt to Each of the eight countries are invited to present their experien- climate change by Atila Uras ces in developing and implementing their national adaptation (UN Joint Programme Manager) strategies, guided by the six dimensions. Through interactive 16:40–17:30 Plenary discussion with speakers sessions, policy makers from other countries are invited to 19:30–22:30 Evening Event actively participate in the discussion for their own country.
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