Explanation of Language points

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					Explanation of Language points

 1. go through
(1) 经历
      Most families went through a lot in the war.

(2) 通过, 成功, 成交
     The plan did not go through.
(3) 审阅, 检查
     I can’t go though the letters in an hour.
(4) 翻找, 查看
     Mother went through the drawer         for her glasses.

(5) 穿过, 通过
     A terrible noise went through the house.
     read through 通读
     look through 浏览
     flow through 流过
     get through 通过, 接通,使„.成功
     search through 搜寻, 查找

2. do research on /into /in...                                     从事, 进行, 做研究
     They are carrying out a research into the causes of cancer.
     research 可作可数名词和不可数名词, 有自己的单复数形式。                           短语 do research 中 research
为不可数名词。

3. call up 打电话,使......回忆起
     I’ll call you up tonight (call sb. /ring sb. up )
     The old photo calls up memories of my
     childhood. (recall sth.)
     call for 需要, 要求
     look back 回电话,召唤某人回来
     call in 邀请, 请来
     call on/at 拜访 (call on 后跟人作宾语,call at 后跟地点名词作宾语 )

---Can I do the job?
---I’m afraid not, because it ___ skill and patience.
• calls on              B. calls out
C. calls up            D. calls for
                              call on
                              drop in on
                              pay a visit to
                              go on a visit to
                              visit

call at
drop in at
pay a visit to
go on a visit to
visit

4. now and then 有时, 偶尔
       I see them now and then, but not often.
       I used to call people ___, from the moment I woke up to the time I went to sleep.
A. now and then          B. all the time
C. at home                     D. at work

5. Here was a chance for me to distinguish myself by inventing something that would catch snakes
but not harm them.
     distinguish oneself                                                显扬自己, 使自己扬名
     The man distinguished himself by his wisdom.

distinguish 辨别, 区别
I can’t distinguish the twins, they are so alike.
distinguish„from                                                  把„...与„...加以分开
distinguish sb. by 凭借„...辨认
tell „from„        把......与......区分开

distinction n. 区别, 差异
distinctive adj. 有特色的, 与众不同的
distinct adj. 截然不同的 distinguishable adj.              区别得出的, 辨认得出的

6. The first thing I tried to do was to see if there were products that might help me, but there only
seemed to be powders designed to kill snakes.

    在 there be 结构中, be 的人称与数应遵循就近一致原则
    There was a bucket of water and two chairs in the corner of the house.
    There were two chairs and a bucket of water in the corner of the house.

there be 强调某处有某物;
have 强调某人有某物指为人所拥有
There is a book on the desk.
I have a book.
seem 的归纳总结
1)seem +to be +形容词/名词/介词短语/分词

    Something seemed to be wrong with him.
   You seemed to be in a great hurry.
   The first memories seemed to be connected with work.

2)seem 构成的句式:
  It seems that...
  It seems as if/ as though...
  There seems (to be )….
  It seems that everyone was satisfied.
  It seems as if you are the first one here.
  There seems (to be) no reason for
believing him.

     seem 表示有某种根据的判断, 这种判断往往接近事实或者符合事实。
     appear 从外表或者表面上看来“似乎, 好像”, 有时暗含“事实上并非如此”之意。
     look 强调视觉上的印象。
     It appears a true story.

He looks a perfect fool.
Do let your mother know all the truth. She appears ____everything. (2001 上海)
•      to tell                 B. to be told
C. to be telling      D. to have been told

7. I set about researching the habits of snakes so I could tap them in the easiest way.
      set about 开始, 着手
      The sooner we set about it , the sooner we’ll finish.

We set about cleaning up the mess.
set out 出发,启程
set out to do sth.开始做某事
set off 出发, 动身
set aside 留出, 对„不予以考虑
set down 记下, 写下
set up 设置,造成, 产生

On receiving the assignment, we___         at once.
A. set to work                B. set out to work
C. get down to work D. all the above



habit 通常指个人经常行为
custom 一般指整个社会在一段时间里的行为、风俗
practice 指惯例, 也指商业或者法律上的常规做法。

8. Between the outside and inside walls of the bowl there is some jelly, which freezes hard when
cooled.
   when cooled 的构成:连词+过去分词, 相当于 when 引导的状语从句: when it is cooled.

when/while 引导的时间状语从句中的主语, 如果与主句的主语相同, 常常可用 when/ while +
现在分词短语或者过去分词短语”的结构来代替。
You must be careful when you cross the street. = You must be careful
when crossing the street.

While unfinished, he was ugly, but now he was a living horror.
while unfinished,... =
原从句为主动结构时, 用 when/while+现在分词来代替; 原句为被动结构时候, 用 when
/while+过去分词短语来代替。

     When __ help, one often says “thank you”                      or “ it’s kind     of   you”.
A. offering                     B. to offer                        C. to be offered          D.
offered
9. abruptly adv.
     A man with an abrupt manner is not welcome here.
     abruptness n.

10. convenient
       be convenient to
       It is convenient for sb.
       It is convenient to do sth.
       Will 3’oclock be convenient for you ?

Come and see me whenever ___.
   A. you are convenient
   B. you will be convenient
   C. it is convenient to you
   D. it will be convenient to you

If    it    is      quite     __      to     you,      I’ll    visit   you     next     Tuesday.
A. convenient                        B. fair                                            C. easy
D. comfortable

11. Nor will you receive a patent until a search has made to find out that your product really is
different from everybody else’s.

以否定词 no, not, never, hardly seldom 等开头引导的句子, 句子的主句要部分倒装。
Never can you pass the exam if you don’t devote yourself to your study.

12. bear (bore, borne)忍受; 带有, 具有
       I couldn’t bear to listen any longer, so I left the room.
       bear doing 表示习惯性动作
       bear to do sth. 表示一次具体动作

13. mess n.杂乱,脏东西
                   v.无所事事, 混日子,胡闹
There is a lot of mess to clear up.
This room is in mess.
Stop messing about and tell me clearly what happened .
in a mess
make a mess of
mess up
mess about / around

14. be used to do
        be used as
        used to do sth.
        be/ get used to doing sth.

				
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