Indoor Outdoor Residential Water Conservation Checklist by adz11579

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									Appendix A
      Indoor & Outdoor Residential Water Conservation Checklist
There are many ways to conserve significant amounts of water                 Outdoor water conservation
inside and outside the home, and doing so makes sense because it
                                                                             s Cover pools, spas and other water features when not in use to
lowers water and sewer bills, extends the water supply and helps
                                                                             minimize evaporation.
the environment. Homeowners can take many simple steps to help
preserve this precious renewal resource.                                     s Clean sidewalks, driveways and patios by sweeping rather than
                                                                             by spraying with a hose.
Your water-delivery system
                                                                             s Wash car(s) with a bucket of water rather than a running hose.
Effective water conservation requires awareness, involvement and
                                                                             If possible, drive your vehicle onto the lawn so that all of the water
education. To understand your water-delivery system, know the fol-
                                                                             can be absorbed into the landscape.
lowing information:
                                                                             s Restrict or eliminate use of hose-end water toys. If possible,
s The name and location of the company that provides your water,
                                                                             combine use of water for play with landscape needs.
as well as contact information for the company’s chief executive
and public education/public relations officials.                             s Properly prune or trim trees, shrubs and other woody plants to
                                                                             maximize the plants’ health and minimize invasion by pests.
s Who the water-policy decision-makers are in your municipality or
area, how they are selected (elected or appointed) and the length of         s Frequently remove dead or dying plants and all weeds that com-
their terms of office.                                                       pete for available water.
s How water-use policies and rates are set and modified, including           s Apply fertilizers or pesticides at minimal levels, timed to specific
names and contact information for officials.                                 needs of the plants.
s When and where announcements of public water-policy meetings               s Maintain sharp blades on pruning shears and lawn mowers.
are published (newspapers) or posted (office and/or Web sites).
                                                                             s Aerate lawn and cultivate planting beds periodically to decrease
s The source(s) of water used within the system (e.g. lakes,                 compaction and improve penetration of water, air and nutrients
streams, groundwater or aquifer) and how to track stability and              into root zones.
quality of supply.
                                                                             s Mulch flower and garden areas as well as tree and shrub bases
s The water supplier’s long-term and short-term contingency plans            as appropriate for each species.
to ensure availability.
                                                                             s “Harvest” water from rainfall and snowmelt for landscape irriga-
s The water supplier’s contingency plans in case of supply shortage          tion purposes.
or interruption due to an act of nature (e.g. flood or drought) or
                                                                             s Use recycled or non-potable water to the greatest extent possi-
mechanical failure of the piping, pumping or filtration system.
                                                                             ble, as limited by supply and/or regulation.
s The rate structure for residential, commercial or industrial water
                                                                             s Employ a certified landscape-irrigation auditor at least once
use, with possible seasonal modifications. (Note: Water-use billings
                                                                             every five years to conduct a thorough and comprehensive check
may or may not include sewage-treatment fees, or they may be
                                                                             for efficiency of water application.
linked to potable water volume.)
                                                                             s At least once a year, confirm that all irrigation systems are dis-
s The location of the on-site water meter and how to read it and
                                                                             tributing water uniformly and inspect, repair and/or adjust in-
calculate the quantity of water used between readings.
                                                                             ground or drip watering systems.
Indoor water conservation
                                                                             s Use water timers or flow meters for hose-end watering to ensure
s Repair all water leaks immediately and be especially alert for             proper amounts are applied.
leaks in toilets and faucets.
                                                                             s Immediately shut off irrigation system(s) and adjust whenever
s Install and maintain ultra-low flow toilets. Alternatively, convert        irrigation water falls or runs onto hard surfaces such as sidewalks,
existing toilets to low-flow units with a tank dam or even bricks.           streets or driveways.
s Install and maintain flow restricters (aerators) on faucets.               s Repair all water leaks as soon as detected. (This includes leak-
s Install and maintain low-flow showerheads.                                 ing hose couplings, hose bib leaks and similar connections.)
s Limit showering time to 5 minutes.                                         s When buying plants, select those that have scientifically docu-
                                                                             mented low water requirements.
s Do not use toilets as waste baskets or ashtrays.
                                                                             s Determine specific water requirements for all existing landscape
s Turn off water when shaving and brushing teeth.
                                                                             plants.
s Scrape food off dishes without water prior to rinsing.
                                                                             s Adjust controllers for in-ground or drip watering systems accord-
s Operate dishwasher only when it is fully loaded.                           ing to seasonal needs of plants.
s Operate clothes washer only when it is loaded to maximum                   s Water landscape plants only when necessary according to needs
capacity.                                                                    of each plant type or based on local ET (evapotranspiration) rates.
s Rather than run the tap for cool drinking water, keep a filled             s Water early in the morning when temperatures and winds are at
container in the refrigerator.                                               their lowest levels to reduce evaporation.
s While waiting for running water to warm or cool for use on                 s Water all plants deeply but infrequently to encourage deeper,
plants or in cleaning, capture flow for other uses.                          healthier rooting.

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