What is Leadership? Google Results on: • “Leadership” = 484,000,000 entries • “Leadership definition” = 24,000,000 entries Definitions of Leadership • Peter Drucker : "The only definition of a leader is someone who has followers." • John C Maxwell : "leadership is influence - nothing more, nothing less." • Warren Bennis : "Leadership is a function of knowing yourself, having a vision that is well communicated, building trust among colleagues, and taking effective action to realize your own leadership potential." • John W. Gardner :Leadership is the process of persuasion and example by which an individual (or leadership team) induces a group to take action that is in accord with the leader’s purpose, or the shared purposes of all.” Definitions of Leadership? “Leadership is the Art of accomplishing more, than the Science of Management says is possible!” Colin Powell “Leadership is doing What’s Right, at the Right Time, for the Right Reason!” U.S. Army Green Berets Definition of Leadership • Leadership is a dynamic, relational process involving interactions among leaders, members and sometimes outside constituencies. SITUATION LEADERS ====== FOLLOWERS COMMUNICATION Managers vs. Leaders • Managers • Leaders – Administer – Innovate – Eye the bottom line – Eye the horizons – Imitate – Originate – Do things right – Do the right thing – Efficient – Effective The Essential Elements of Leadership Confidence • Time Management Commitment • Conflict Resolution Code of Conduct • Communications Courage Compassion Competence Vision Energy A Plan of Action How to Talk Like a Leader? Communicate Your Vision & Goals! Focus on Your Team Members! Listen & Think Before Talking! Mean What You Say! Use Your Voice as a Tool! Use Non-Verbal Communication as a Tool! Clearly Articulate Your Thoughts! Use Action-oriented Words! Display a Positive “Can Do” Attitude Skills of Leadership • Technical Skills - What you study – Methods, Processes, Procedures – Ability to use tools – Ability to operate equipment • Conceptual Skills - Your ability to Analyze Situations and Generate Ideas – Analyze a situation – Think logically – Combine concepts and ideas into a workable relationship Skills of Leadership • Human Relations Skills - Your Understanding and Ability to Work with People – Interpersonal processes – Members’ Attitude – Members’ Motives – Communication Skills – Cooperation Common Concepts of Leadership • Leadership Styles • Group Processes • Power • Goals/Visioning • Ethics/Character • Diversity • Motivation How do some people become leaders? • There are 5 commonly accepted ideas: – They are the center of an activity – Their personality – Induction of compliance of the followers – Persuasion – Status Factors affecting leaders “No man is an island” Don Clark, Big Dog Leadership, suggests that four factors affect leadership. These factors are: 1. Leaders – Leaders know their strengths – Leaders know their challenges – Leaders know who they are as an individual – Do you know yourself? Factors affecting leaders “No man is an island” 2. Followers – Different people have different needs – Leaders to motivate them are one of those needs – Leaders need to know the people who follow them • Identify their needs • Provide them with the most effective leadership style Factors affecting leaders “No man is an island” 3. Communication – Verbal and non-verbal communication is key – Leaders are always “on” - whether talking, in written communication, or in the non-verbal cues you give – You must set an example in everything you do Factors affecting leaders “No man is an island” 4. Situation – EVERY situation is different – Each day will bring new challenges and new rewards – Each situation has its own resolution – Leaders must use their own judgment and gut instincts to determine what course of action to take What is a leader capable of? • According to an Ohio study, leaders should be capable of 5 distinct tasks: 1. Focus on the present and the future simultaneously to create a vision 2. Build a bridge among and between interest groups 3. Understand events by scanning, monitoring, and interpreting events 4. Develop appraisal skills and use intuition to take calculated risks 5. Manage their symbols to formulate an image, understand symbols, and plan a strategy Learning to Lead • The steps for current and future leaders: – Study good leaders – Study yourself – Become a good follower – Learn about different groups – Actively plan your training References • Clark, D. (1997). Big dog leadership. Retrieved on October 5, 2003, from www.nwlink.com/~donclark/leader/leader.html • Northouse, P. (2001). Leadership theory and practice, 2nd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications. • The American Heritage Dictionary, 4th ed. (2000). Pickett, J.P., et. Al. (ed). Boston, MA: Houghton, Mifflin.