Japanese Activities on Carbon Footprint

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					  Carbon Footprint, JAPAN

                    Atsushi INABA
  Professor, Department of Environmental and Energy Chemistry
          Facalty of Engineering, Kogakuin University

  1-24-2 Nishi-Sinjuku, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 163-8677, JAPAN
         Phone;+81-3-3340-2679 Fax;+81-3-3340-0147
               e-mail: a-inaba@cc.kogakuin.ac.jp



          Chie Nakaniwa and Masayuki Kanzaki
Japan Environmental Management Association for Industry (JEMAI)
                Government’s “Visualization” Strategy
Cabinet Decision, July 29, 2008
     “Action Plan for Achieving a Low-carbon Society


    3. Visualization
    (1)Disseminating the “carbon footprint” system, etc.
         The government aims to make visible to the consumer the greenhouse gas emissions
    associated with as many goods, foodstuffs, and services as possible. ・・・ Specifically,
    visualization involves a “carbon footprint” system that displays the greenhouse gas
    emissions associated with the life cycle like the complete process from manufacture of
    goods or production of a foodstuff to transportation and disposal, or the emissions
    associated with the use of a service. The aim is for guidelines for calculating emissions,
    ensuring their credibility, and displaying them to be compiled during fiscal 2008, and for
    the trial implementation to be started in the following fiscal year.

                                                                                 GHG emitted 6.4kg

                                                                            Raw material acquisition 5.3%
                                                                                          ↓
                                                                                  Production 1.0%
                                                                                          ↓
                                                                              Distribution/selling 1.5%
                                                                                          ↓
                                                                                     Use 88.0%
                                                                                          ↓
           Shampoo                                                            Disposal/recycling 4.2%
                                                                                                            2
                        Schedule for Carbon Footprint System Implementation/Dissemination Project


   ≪Project Content≫                                                                                                                                ≪Participants:
        (For FY2008)                                                                                                                                 30 companies≫
    Establish guidelines for the implementation of carbon footprint system                                                                         Retail
         Method for calculation and labeling of carbon footprint                                                                                   ・AEON         ・Seiyu
         Identify tasks for development and dissemination of carbon footprint system                                                               ・Seven & i Holdings
                                                                                                                                                    ・Lawson       ・ JCCU (Co-op)
         (For FY2009~FY2011)                                                                                                                        ・Marui        ・UNY
    Implement trial introduction to the market                                                                                                     ・FamilyMart ・CGC

                                                                                                                                                    Consumer goods
                                                                                                                                                    manufacturers
                                                                                                                                                    ・Sapporo
                                   *Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries, and Ministry of                       ・KAGOME        ・Nestle
     FY2008                        Land, Infrastructure and Transportation attend as observers                                                      ・Calbee        ・AJINOMOTO
                                                                                                                                                    ・Nissin Food ・Nippon Meat
 Jun.          Jul.            Aug.      Sep.         Oct.              Nov.          Dec.         Jan.~within FY2008
                                                                                                                                                                    Packers
    Study Group for Propelling
Implementation and Dissemination                                                                                                                    ・NISSIN SEIFUN         ・KAO
                                                                                                                                                    ・KIBUN FOOD CHEMIFA
                   Practical                                                                        4th
     1st                              2nd             Practical
                                                      operatio
                                                                         3rd           Practical
                                                                                       operatio
                                                                                                                                                    ・Lion          ・Unicharm
                  operation




                                                                                                               (Guideline and PCR common
    6/17                              9/11             n WG
                                                                        (Nov.)          n WG       (Jan.)                                           ・Panasonic




                                                                                                                 determination standard)
                       WG                                                                                                                           ・Toshiba Lighting & Technology
                                                                                                                                                    ・KOKUYO Furniture




                                                                                                                        Finalization
                                                      Public Comment




                                                                                 Announceme                                                         ・KOKUYO S&T
                                                       Policy (Draft)




                                                                                 nt of standard                                                     ・KOKUYO Store Creation
                                                                                      mark
                                                                                                                                                    ・Dai Nippon Printing
                                   Collaboration
                                                                                                                                                    ・Nihon Tetra Pak
 Rule Review Meeting                                                         ←Joint Meetings→                                                       ・TOYO SEIKAN
                                                                                                                                                    ・CHUO KAGAKU

                1st            2nd          3rd                          4th                        5th
                7/7            8/20        9/26                         (Nov.)                     (Jan.)                                  FY2009~FY2010
                                                                            “Eco-products 2008”                                            ○Expansion of trial products
            G8 Hokkaido                          Standard Mark {                12/11-13                                                   ○Distribution in the market
           Toyako Summit                        Review Committee               ・Exhibition of trial products                               ○Refinement of guidelines
                                                 End of October                ・Consumer survey, etc.
               7/7-9                                                                                                                                                                 3
                            How to Proceed with Study Group


       Study Group for Propelling                   ○Engagement in dissemination business and examination of
   Implementation and Dissemination                  the results
      of Carbon Footprint System
                                                      ・Exhibition of trial products at “Eco-products 2008”

・Experts, businesses, and private                     ・Survey of consumers’ acceptability
 organizations will discuss                           ・Holding seminars
 implementation and dissemination of the
                                                    ○Summary of tasks for system implementation
 system
                                                    ○Examination toward dissemination
・Study meetings will be held for about
 four times or so during this FY to
 establish guidelines

                                Provide mutual feedback
                                on each outcome

     Rule Review Meeting regarding
                                                    ○Deliberation on the guidelines for carbon footprint system in
 Calculation, Labeling, and Evaluation of            Japan
          CO2 Emission Amount
                                                    ・Purpose, definition, basic element, etc., of the system
         (*Rule Review Meeting)
                                                    ・Guidelines for establishing calculation and labeling methods
・Experts will examine technical tasks for
                                                    ・Guidelines for securing accuracy and reliability
 designing the system
                                                    ・Relationship with other CO2 emissions reduction efforts
・Rule reviews will be held three time or             including carbon offset
 so by this fall to prepare a mid-term
 report
                                            Prepared by Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry                      4
                List of Entry to Eco-products 2008 Exhibition
 Company Name                   Trial Products                 Company Name                    Trial Products
KOKUYO Furniture Co., Ltd.   Office desks/chairs             Nihon Tetra Pak                Drink boxes

KOKUYO S&T                   Notebooks/files/glue            Marui Group                    Business shirts
KOKUYO Store Creation
                             Display fixture/furniture       Nestle Japan                   Instant coffee
Co., Ltd.
AEON                         Rice/vegetables/batteries       Panasonic                      Compact fluorescent bulbs

Japanese Consumers’ Co-                                      Toshiba Lighting &
                             Wrap                                                           Compact fluorescent bulbs
Operative Union                                              Technology Corporation

The Seiyu Co.                Sweeping tools                  KAGOME                         Tomato juice
Lion                         Toothpaste                      Sapporo Breweries              Canned beer
KIBUN FOOD CEHMIFA           Soymilk drinks                  FamilyMart                     Mineral water, paper cups
CHUO KAGAKU                  Food containers                 Calbee Foods                   Potato crisps
CGC JAPAN                    Green tea drinks                Dai Nippon Printing            Packaging containers
Unicharm                     Disposable diapers              AJINOMOTO                      Frozen food
TOYO SEIKAN                  Cans for drinks                 Nippon Meat Packers            Ham/hotdogs/pizza
NISSIN Food Products)        Instant noodles                 Uny                            Eggs/toilet paper
NISSN SEIFUN Group           Dried noodles                   Seven & i Holdings             Wheat noodles

LAWSON                       Rice balls                      KAO                            Shampoo



                                                         Prepared by Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry            5
Eco-products 2008
                                   year      The number of displaying
December 11-13 at Tokyo Big Site              companies and visitors
                                   1999   288 companies, 30,000 persons
                                   2000   305 companies, 67,000 persons
                                   2001   350 companies, 89,000 persons
                                   2002   370 companies,
                                          100,000 persons
                                   2003   416 companies
                                          114,000 persons
                                   2004   453 companies
                                          124,000 persons
                                   2005   502 companies
                                          140,000 persons
                                   2006   572+NPOs, etc.
                                          153,000 persons
                                   2007   632+NPOs, etc.
                                          165,000 persons           6
7
              Sample of Carbon footprint
                              Enterprise              KOKUYO S&T Co.,Ltd.
                              Product of the          Pipe Type File, “EcoTwin-R”, (7-RT650B),
                              carbon footprint
                              Quantity                A4-size, Paper Capacity; 5cm
                               Stage      Material   Product   Transpor   Retailing   Usage   Disposition   Total
                                          Producti   Manufac   tation                         /Recycling
                                          on         turing

                              GHG         1003.8      27.3      50.9       155.9        0       99.5        1337
                              Emission
                              g-CO2/P
                              Calculati   -The GHG emission in Material Production Stage was calculated
                                 on       using design weight and secondary data prepared by the
                              condition   secretariat, where loss ratio of sheet type material was considered.
                                          -The GHG emission in Retailing Stage was calculated using given
                                          value of GHG per sales price, which was prepared by the
                                          secretariat.
エコプロダクツ2008出展
カーボンフットプリント暫定表示                           -The GHG emission in Usage Stage was identified as zero due to
Provisional mark for                      no energy consumption in this stage.
EcoProducts 2008 Exhibition
               Sample of Carbon footprint
                              Enterprise              Nippon Meat Packers, Inc.
                              Product of the          upper grade “Mori-no-Kaori” Arabiki Wienner
                              carbon footprint        (coarse ground pork sausage)
                              Quantity                92 g


                               Stage      Material   Product   Transpor   Retailing   Usage      Disposition   Total
                                          Producti   Manufac   tation                            /Recycling
                                          on         turing

                              GHG          111         75         3         53         Out of        6         248
                              Emission                                                Boundary
                              g-CO2/P
                              Calculati   -The GHG emission in Retailing Stage was calculated using
                                 on       secondary data donated form the secretariat.
                              condition   - The GHG emission originated in air condition, wastewater
                                          treatment, etc. were obtained using allocation of total number of
エコプロダクツ2008出展
カーボンフットプリント暫定表示
                                          products produced in the manufacturing site.
Provisional mark for                      - The GHG emission in Transportation Stage was calculated with
EcoProducts 2008 Exhibition               the product weight and collected data of transportation distance.
                    Consumer Awareness
Have you ever heard of “carbon footprint” before?



                                                                           I have not heard before.
                                                                           I might have heard.
                                                                           I have heard of CFP
                                                                           I know its meaning.




    Web                       Group 1        Group 2          Group 3
    survey        in-person
    : in-person   NO visit     Web survey : in-person visit
     NO visit

                                                                        N=4,200 for No visit
Consumer awareness is not so high.                                      N=924 for visit
                                                                        Survey conducted in March, 2009
                                                                                                          12
                      Consumer Survey
• If CFP information is available, would you like to buy lower-
  carbon product?
                                                               Others

                                                               I will not care CFP info.

                                                               I will care CFP info but not change my
                                                               selection.
                                                               Depending products, I will select lower
                                                               carbon products

                                                               I will select lower carbon products as I can.



   Web           Group 1        Group 2              Group 3
   survey
   : in-person
    NO visit          Web survey : in-person visit

                                                                     N=4,200 for No visit
Consumers show positive answers.                                     N=924 for visit
                                                                     Survey conducted in March, 2009
                                                                                                       13
                       Consumer Survey
• Would you put priorities to buy lower carbon products?

                                                         Nothing to do with CO2 information

                                                         I will buy if it’s cheaper depending
                                                         products.
                                                         I will buy if it’s cheaper

                                                          I will buy if it shows the same price
                                                         depending products.
                                                          I will buy if it shows the same price.
                                                         I will buy even if it’s more expensive
                                                         depending products
                                                         I will buy even if it’s more expensive.


                 Group 1         Group 2       Group 3
   Web
   survey
   : in-person         Web survey : in-person visit
    NO visit
                                                                      N=4,200 for No visit
Consumers show positive answers.                                      N=924 for visit
                                                                      Survey conducted in March, 2009
                                                                                                        14
       Structure of Rules for Carbon Footprint of Products System in Japan

        Basic concept of Structure of Rules
           ISO 14040, ISO 14044 & ISO 14025
          - making the best use of the concept of PCR, giving consideration to “Each Product Category may have each
            characteristic / need” , not depending on one common / rigid rule for all types of product categories.




                   “Basic Guideline of the Carbon Footprint of Products”                                                                 TS* Q 0010
        The Guideline provides basic frameworks (General Principle) for GHG calculation,
      communication methods and other schemes regarding CFP, attaching importance to the
                                        concept of PCR


        “Guide of Establishing Product Category Rules” (complement rules)
                                                                                                                                        Contribute to
                     The Guide provides principles, criteria & process for establishing PCRs
                                                                                                                                            ISO
                                          in accordance with the Guideline                                                              discussions


                                                                                                     Organizations/Industry Circles;
                                                                                                     Establish PCRs according to
                            PCR           PCR           PCR            PCR            PCR            the Guideline & the Gide
                              A             B              C             D              E


            Organization;
            Calculates Carbon Footprint of Product and put label on the product according to PCR

*JIS; Japanese Industrial Standard (nationwide standard) ,
*TS; Technical Specification published without a sufficient consensus to be established as a JIS but recognized to have such potential in the future.
                           Activities in 2009
April 2009   *Kick off of “Japan’s 3 years National Pilot Project of CFP”
             -Development of pilot PCRs, study of verification scheme, development of DB

June 2009    *Program operator of Pilot Project, JEMAI invites applications for
             development of Product Category Rules (PCR) under pilot project program.
             *PCR Registration opened in June and 41 items (products including services)
             have been registered (as of September).
                 -food & beverage / material / containers & packaging / chemicals /
                 printing / furniture / clothing / stationery / electric devices / service>

September    *CFP-Japan Forum has been established.
2009         The objectives:
                  -fostering mutual trust among all interested stakeholders in their CFP
                  activities
                  -establishing low-carbon supply chains
                  -advocating low-carbon consumption
                  -promoting CFP’s practical application
             *Seminar on CFP was held in Tokyo.
             *PCR of 3 items have been certified.
                                                                                       17
                                                                                                                                         CFP Pilot Project (Fiscal 2009)
From April ’09                                                                                                                                                                                                                      June 11: Ver. 1 scheduled to be announced following the 1st
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             basic unit verification committee meeting
                                        Data creation and disclosure of GHG discharge volume in basic
                                                                    units

                                        Enlightenment for dissemination of Carbon Footprint (opening of homepage, holding of explanatory meetings, Carbon Footprint forum,
                                                                                                        etc.)

                                                                                         Examination and activities toward international standardization of Carbon Footprint in ISO
                                          Examination and elaboration based on the survey results to                                                                                                                                                                                                Examination of Japan’s stance based on the pilot project, etc.
                                          businesses and consumers
                                                      ○Elaboration of rules (general rules (TS Q 0010) concerning calculation/display, etc.), shifting to
                                                      appropriate JIS/TS*
                                                                         * TS (standard specification): standard document determined and announced with possibility of establishing JIS in the future by JISC
                                                      ○Examination of certification scheme
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Examination of issues of system extracted
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    from pilot project at examination meeting
                                                                                                                                                                                          Pilot project for calculation and display of Carbon Footprint
                                                                                                                                                                                           (Sequential shift to JIS/TS for PCR of mining and industrial
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     products)
                                                  Jun. 1 ’09 start                                                                                                                        <PCR certification scheme/CFP calculation result verification scheme>
                                                (Acceptance at any
                                                       time)                                                                                                                                                      (Coordination by related governmental offices)
                                                        Registration of PCR draft plan




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Granting of CFP mark




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            Circulation of CFP mark display products
                                                                                                                                                  Review and certification of PCR draft




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Verification of CFP calculation result
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Disclosure of certified PCR




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Calculation of Carbon Footprint
      Establishment of PCR draft plan




                                                                                                 Establishment of PCR draft




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       Recognition survey of consumers
                                                                                                                              draft
                                                                                                                              Submission of PCR




                                                                                                                                                                                               appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                                               When PCR draft is determined to be




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             determined to be appropriate
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             When CFP calculation result is
                                              Acceptance: Jun. 5 – 22 ’09                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            ・Business: oval (pink)
                                             (PCR support public offering)                                                Support of PCR draft establishment/CFP calculation by METI,                                                                                                                                                                                                                                ・METI/consigned business: rounded rectangle (blue)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     ・PCR committee: rectangle (purple)
                                                                                                                                                   MAFF, etc.
                   Lists of PCR Development
    category                                      Items of PCR
food & beverage    rice (polished rice), confectionery, instant coffee, pouch-packed rice ,
                   instant noodle
                   canola oil, ham and sausage, soft drink
material           handmade Japanese paper, paper and paper board
containers &       paper packaging and container, plastic packaging and container
packaging          glass container, metal container
chemicals          organic liquid fertilizer, medicated handsoap, washing powder
printing           publication and commercial printing
                   pre-sensitized planographic printing plate
furniture          office furniture
clothing           working wear
electric devices   electronic thermometer, electric bulb, electric lighting
                   small-sized secondary battery
service            dishware,waste incineration service
                   dissolution processing service of confidential documents
                   management solution service, office operation solution service, reuse
                   service of lead batteries
                                                                                          19
                           Activities in 2009
April 2009   *Kick off of “Japan’s 3 years National Pilot Project of CFP”
             -Development of pilot PCRs, study of verification scheme, development of DB

June 2009    *Program operator of Pilot Project, JEMAI invites applications for
             development of Product Category Rules (PCR) under pilot project program.
             *PCR Registration opened in June and 41 items (products including services)
             have been registered (as of September).
                 -food & beverage / material / containers & packaging / chemicals /
                 printing / furniture / clothing / stationery / electric devices / service>

September    *CFP-Japan Forum has been established.
2009         The objectives:
                  -fostering mutual trust among all interested stakeholders in their CFP
                  activities
                  -establishing low-carbon supply chains
                  -advocating low-carbon consumption
                  -promoting CFP’s practical application
             *Seminar on CFP was held in Tokyo.
             *PCR of 3 items have been certified.
                                                                                       20
21
22
         Key Elements of CFP Pilot Project Japan
1.     PCR (product category rule) approach
     –    Calculation rules are transparent.
     –    Fair comparability is kept.
     –    Data quality is ensured.
2.     Program basis
     –    Responsible for ensuring credibility and transparency
     –    Establishing a procedure to safeguard the consistency of data within a
          program
     –    Maintaining publicly available lists and records of PCR and CFP
          documents
     –    Ensuring the selection of competent independent verifiers and PCR
          review panel members
3.     Independent verification
     –    Cost effective based on 14025
     –    Speedy
     –    Credible                                                            23
                Definition of PCR
• set of specific rules, requirements and guidelines for
  developing Type III environmental declarations (3.2)
  for one or more product categories (3.12)
              » -cited from ISO 14025



   – PCR=specific transparent rules for environmental
     label/claim to meet the principle of comparability,
     reviewed by third party to avoid company’s original rules,
   – PCR detailed rules just for LCA
            PCR Approach (1)
• Groups of products can differ in
  environmental/GHG performance-variations
  that need to be reflected in the calculation
  rules.

• PCR ensures comparable LCA/CFP data by
  setting out requirements for the underlying
  LCA for products of a common function.

                                                 25
             PCR Approach (2)
• Why we need PCR?
  – The results of LCA/CFP calculation shall have the
    same scope and should be presented under the
    same calculation rules for external use
  – Common and harmonized calculation rules have
    to be established for fair comparison




                                                        26
                     Definition of CF-PCR/PCR
                                          ISO 14067
                    14067-1
                                                             14067-2

                                                                         Calculation
                           Calculation
                                                                       rules based on
                         rules based on
                                                                       14040, 14044,
         CFP Data
                     +   14040, 14044,            CFP Data                14067-1
                            14067-1                             +
                                                     CFP
                                                 Declaration           CF-PCR



CF-PCR/PCR=specific transparent rules for CFP declarations/environmental
declarations to meet the principle of comparability, reviewed by third party
to avoid company’s original rules,

PCR detailed rules just for LCA
          Schedule Forehead
• Seminars on CFP will be held in several major
  cities in Japan in October.
• CFP labeled products will be displayed on
  market and at Eco-products 2009 in December.
• Related documents will be revised and added
  along with project progress and ISO
  development.


                                             28
                     Related documents of CFP Japan
                 Title of documents                                   Contents                             Data of
                                                                                                         publication
      The whole concept of carbon footprint     Guidelines to perform carbon footprint calculations,   March 3, 2009
      program (guideline)                       providing a framework of methodology for the
                                                quantification of CFP


      The criteria on developing CF product     General rules that can be applied to overall goods     March 3, 2009
      category rules(PCR)                       and services


      General principle on CFP quantification   Based on the guideline, it was edited and published    April 20, 2009
      and communication(TS Q 0010)              as a national standard.


      Code on PCR draft registration and PCR    Procedures that are taken for PCR draft registration   June 1, 2009
      review                                    and the following PCR review


      Code on communication of CFP              Procedures that are taken for communication            August 3, 2009
      calculation and verification              (including labeling)and verification


      Rules on CFP logo application             Rules for making contents of CFP and showing its       August 3, 2009
                                                logo
      Reference data for CFP project            Data collection for calculating CFP during this        August, 2009
                                                project (currently 221 inventories )

                                                                                                                      29
http://www.cfp-japan.jp/regulation/index.html
     Information About CFP Japan
http://www.jemai.or.jp/english/carbonfootprint.cfm

http://www.cfp-japan.jp/ (Japanese only)

• Related links
   http://www.jemai.or.jp/english/ecoleaf/outline.cfm
   http://www.jemai.or.jp/english/lca/index.cfm
• Contact
  mail to: cfp@jemai.or.jp
                                                        30
     Information About CFP Japan
http://www.jemai.or.jp/english/carbonfootprint.cfm

http://www.cfp-japan.jp/ (Japanese only)

• Related links
   http://www.jemai.or.jp/english/ecoleaf/outline.cfm
   http://www.jemai.or.jp/english/lca/index.cfm
• Contact
  mail to: cfp@jemai.or.jp
                                                        31
http://www.cfp-japan.jp/
                Government’s “Visualization” Strategy
Cabinet Decision, July 29, 2008
     “Action Plan for Achieving a Low-carbon Society


    3. Visualization
    (1)Disseminating the “carbon footprint” system, etc.
         The government aims to make visible to the consumer the greenhouse gas emissions
    associated with as many goods, foodstuffs, and services as possible. ・・・ Specifically,
    visualization involves a “carbon footprint” system that displays the greenhouse gas
    emissions associated with the life cycle like the complete process from manufacture of
    goods or production of a foodstuff to transportation and disposal, or the emissions
    associated with the use of a service. The aim is for guidelines for calculating emissions,
    ensuring their credibility, and displaying them to be compiled during fiscal 2008, and for
    the trial implementation to be started in the following fiscal year.

                                                                                 GHG emitted 6.4kg

                                                                            Raw material acquisition 5.3%
                                                                                          ↓
                                                                                  Production 1.0%
                                                                                          ↓
                                                                              Distribution/selling 1.5%
                                                                                          ↓
                                                                                     Use 88.0%
                                                                                          ↓
           Shampoo                                                            Disposal/recycling 4.2%
                                                                                                            33
                Government’s “Visualization” Strategy
Cabinet Decision, July 29, 2008
     “Action Plan for Achieving a Low-carbon Society


    3. Visualization
    (1)Disseminating the “carbon footprint” system, etc.
         The government aims to make visible to the consumer the greenhouse gas emissions
    associated with as many goods, foodstuffs, and services as possible. ・・・ Specifically,
                 Liberal-Democratic Party
    visualization involves a “carbon footprint” system that displays the greenhouse gas
    emissions associated with the life cycle like the complete process from manufacture of
    goods or production of a foodstuff to transportation and disposal, or the emissions
    associated with the use of a service. The aim is for guidelines for calculating emissions,
    ensuring their credibility, and displaying them to be compiled during fiscal 2008, and for
    the trial implementation to be started in the following fiscal year.

                                                                                 GHG emitted 6.4kg

                                                                            Raw material acquisition 5.3%
                                                                                          ↓
                                                                                  Production 1.0%
                                                                                          ↓
                                                                              Distribution/selling 1.5%
                                                                                          ↓
                                                                                     Use 88.0%
                                                                                          ↓
           Shampoo                                                            Disposal/recycling 4.2%
                                                                                                            34
Hatoyama Cabinet Formed
September 16, 2009.
   The Democratic Party of Japan
Hatoyama Cabinet Formed
September 16, 2009.
   The Democratic Party of Japan
The Vision of The Democratic Party
on The Environment
●CO2の「見える化」を推進します
・消費者の視点から、LCA(ライフ・サイクル・アセスメ
 ント)を発展させて最終生産品が寄与する排出量を
 表示
・運転者の視点から、デジタルタコメーターや燃費計の
 普及
・投資家の視点から、環境報告書における温室効果ガ
 ス排出量実績や削減目標についての共通指標の導
 入に加え、温室効果ガス排出量等の有価証券報告
 書への記載のあり方についても検討
http://www.cfp-japan.jp/